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Italy 92 34,895
1 Catholic Church 27 12,578
2 Rome 18 9,820
3 Roman Writers 32 4,375
4 Post Rome 9 5,727
5 Romans 6 2,395

There are 92 Free Audio History books for Italy. The books contain 34,895 Pages and is read in 5 hours, 3 minutes 19 seconds.

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2 Subjects
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1 Catholic Church 27
12,578 209:38 8D 17H 38M
2 1893 Church History, V3/3 by Kurtz 959 15:59
3 1859 Ancient Church Its History, Doctrine, Worship, & Constitution by Killen 941 15:41
6 1914 History of Catholic Church from Renaissance to French Revolution - V2 by MacCaffrey 602 10:02
7 1587 Foxe's Book of Martyrs V2, History of Lives, Sufferings, & Triumphant Deaths of Early Christian & Protestant Martyrs by FOXE 572 9:31:52
8 1909 Popes & Science: History of Papal Relations to Science During Middle Ages & Down to Our Own Time by Walsh 558 9:18
9 1914 History of Catholic Church from Renaissance to French Revolution - V1 by MacCaffrey 570 9:10
10 1876 Gospels in 2nd Century An Examination of Critical Part of Work Entitled 'Supernatural Religion' by Sanday 553 8:53
11 1935 Origins of Christianity By Thomas WHITTAKER 499 8:18:55
12 1898 Christianity: Its Evidences, Its Origin, Its Morality, Its History by Besant 485 8:05
13 1911 War Upon Religion Being an Account of Rise & Progress of Anti-christianism in Europe by Cunningham 500 8:00
14 1878 History of Conflict Between Religion & Science by Draper 448 7:28
15 1900 Short History of Monks & Monasteries by Wishart 370 6:10
18 1849 33 - 1517 Sketches of Church History by Robertson 283 4:43
19 1906 461 - 1003 Church & Barbarians Being an Outline of History of Church by Hutton 267 4:27
20 1892 Bridge of History Over Gulf of Time: Popular View of Historical Evidence for Truth of Christianity By COOPER 238 3:57:38
21 1869 Key to Knowledge of Church Ancient History by Blunt 188 3:08
22 Bible in Its Making By DUFF 177 2:56:56
24 1920 Landmarks in History of Early Christianity by Lake 168 2:48
25 1910 Gods Troubadour Story of St. Francis of Assisi 1181 - 1226 by Jewett 151 2:30:20
27 1551 Treatise on Purgatory by Catherine 42 41:14
2 Rome 18
9,820 163:40 6D 19H 40M
1 1776 Decline Fall of Roman Empire by Gibbon 1,191 19:50:42
2 1889 Students Roman Empire V1 & 2 by Bury 1,145 19:05
3 1894 Roman History of Ammianus Marcellinus During Reigns of Emperors Constantius, Julian, Jovianus, Valentinian, & Valens by Marcellinus 1070 17:50
4 19 History of Rome, Books 1 - 8/36 by Livy 949 15:49
5 1904 History of Rome During Later Republic & Early Principate by Greenidge 909 15:09
6 1881 Smaller History of Rome by Lawrence 325 13:16:18
7 1921 History of Rome to 565 AD by Boak 706 11:45
8 1909 Conflict of Religions in Early Roman Empire by Glover 614 10:14
9 58 - 50 BC Commentaries of Gallic Wars By Caesar 437 7:16:28
10 25 BC Foundation of City V1 B1-2 by Livy 432 7:11:32
12 1911 Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism by Cumont 388 6:28
13 545 History of Wars, Books 3 & 4 Vandalic War by Procopius 341 5:41
14 1921 Gracchi Marius & Sulla Epochs of Ancient History by Beesley 285 4:45
15 1906 Religion of Numa & Other Essays on Religion of Ancient Rome by Carter 207 3:27
16 1890 Ancient Rome: from earliest times down to 476 AD by Pennell 175 2:55
17 1891 Public Lands & Agrarian Laws of Roman Republic by Stephenson 143 2:23
18 1907 Religion of Ancient Rome by Bailey 107 1:47
3 Roman Writers 32
4,375 72:55 3D 55H
2 55 BC Nature of Things By CARUS 656 10:55:24
3 180 Metamorphosis or Golden Ass By APULEIUS 596 9:55:10
4 15 BC On Architecture by Vitruvius 575 9:34:58
6 180 Meditations 420 6:59:06
7 524 Theological Tractates & Consolation of Philosophy By Aurelius 411 6:51
8 63 BC Catiline Conspiracy & Jugurthine War by Sallust 464 6:43:42
10 De Agricultura By CATO 227 3:47:01
11 50 Fables of Phaedrus 96 1:55:32
Ovid 2
26 18 Metamorphoses 891 14:50:08
27 Heroides 315 5:14:36
Seneca 2
31 65 Peace of Mind By SENECA 83 1:22:40
32 On Shortness of Life 65 1:04:19
3 Roman Writers
1 79 Natural History Vol 1-3/4 By PLINY ELDER (23 - 79) 573,000W 2,292 38:11:41
1 11:43:42
1 Life & Writings of Pliny
2 Dedication, Plinius Secundus to his friend Titus Vespasian
3
1 Whether world be finite
2 form of world
3 its nature
4 whence name is derived
5 elements & planets
6 God
4
1 nature of stars
2 motion of planets
3 eclipses of moon & sun
4 magnitude of stars
5
1 account of observations that have been made on heavens by many individuals
2 On recurrence of eclipses of sun & moon
3 motion of moon
4 motions of planets
5 Why same stars appear at some times more lofty & at other times more near
6
1 Why same stars have different motions
2 General laws of planets
3 reason why stars are of different colours
4 Of motion of sun & cause of irregularity of days
5 Why thunder is ascribed to Jupiter
6 distance of stars
7 harmony of stars
8 dimensions of world
9 stars which appear suddenly, or of comets
10 Their nature, situation & species
7
1 doctrine of Hipparchus about stars
2 Examples from history of celestial prodigies
3 Of colours of sky & of celestial flame
4 Of celestial coronae
5 Of sudden circles
6 unusually long eclipses of sun
7 Many suns
8 Many moons
9 Daylight in night
10 Burning shields
11 ominous appearance in heaven, that was seen only once
12 stars which move about in various directions
13 stars which are named Castor & Pollux
14 On air & on cause of showers of stones
15 stated seasons
16 rising of dog-star
17 regular influence of different seasons
18 uncertain states of weather
19 thunder & lightining
20 origin of winds
21 Various observations respecting winds
8
1 different kinds of winds
2 periods of winds
3 Nature of winds
4 Ecnephias & Typhon
5 Tornadoes
6 Blasting winds
7 Whirlwinds & other wonderful kinds of tempests
8 thunder - in what countries it does not fall & for what reason
9 different kinds of lightining & their wonderful effects
10 Etrurian & Roman observations on this point
11 conjuring up thunder
12 General laws of lightning
9
1 Objects which are never struck
2 Showers of milk, blood, flesh, iron, wool & baked tiles
3 Rattling of arms & sound of trumpets heard in sky
4 Of stones that have fallen from clouds
5 rainbow
6 nature of hail, snow, hoar, mist, dew
7 forms of clouds
8 peculiarities of weather in different places
9 Nature of earth
10 form of earth
11 Whether there be antipodes
12 How water is connected with earth
13 navigation of sea & rivers
10
1 Whether ocean surrounds earth
2 What part of world is inhabited
3 That earth is in middle of world
4 Of obliquity of zones
5 Of inequality of climates
6 In what places eclipses are invisible, & why this is case
7 What regulates daylight on earth
8 remarks on dials as connected to this subject
9 When & where there are no shadows
10 Where this takes place twice in year & where shadows fall in opposite direction
11 Where days are longest & where shortest
11
1 1st dial
2 Of mode in which days are computed
3 Of difference of nations as depending on nature of world
4 Of earthquakes
5 Of clefts of earth
6 Signs of an approaching earthquake
7 Preservatives against future earthquakes
8 Prodigies of earth which have occurred once only
9 Wonderful circumstances attending earthquakes
10 In what places sea has receded
11 mode in which islands rise up
12 What islands have been formed, & at what periods
13 Lands which have been separated by sea
14 Islands which have been united to main land
15 Lands which have been totally changed into seas
16 Lands which have been swallowed up
17 Cities which have been absorbed by sea
18 vents in earth
19 certain lands which are always shaking, & of floating islands
12
1 Places in which it never rains
2 wonders of various countries collected together
3 Concerning cause of fowing & ebbing of sea
4 Where tides rise & fall in an unusual manner
5 Wonders of sea
6 power of moon over l & & sea
7 power of sun
8 Why sea is salt
9 Where sea is deepest
10 wonders of fountains & rivers
13
1 Summary wonders of fire & water united
2 Of Maltha
3 Of naphtha
4 Places which are always burning
5 Wonders of fire alone
6 dimensions of earth
7 harmonical proportions of universe
8 Summary
9 Roman authors quoted
10 Foreign authors quoted
14
1 boundaries & gulfs of Europe 1st set forth in a general way
2 Spain generally
3 Baetica
15 Of Nearer Spain
16
1 province of Gallia Narbonensis
2 Italy
3 9th region of Italy
17
17 th region of Italy
21 st region of Italy
3 Tiber
4 Rome
18
13 rd region of Italy
26 4 islands, among which are Baleares
3 Corsica
4 Sardinia
5 Sicily
19
1 Magna Graecia, beginning at Locri
22 nd region of Italy
3 4th region of Italy
20
1 5th region of Italy
26 th region of Italy
3 8th region of Italy
4 Padus
5 11th region of Italy
6 Italia Transpadana
7 10th region of Italy
21
1 Summary Istria, its people & locality
2 Alps & Alpine nations
3 Liburnia & Illyricum
4 Dalmatia
5 Norici
6 Pannonia
7 Moesia
8 Islands of Ionic Sea & Adriatic
9 Summary
10 Roman authors quoted
11 Foreign authors quoted
22
1 Epirus
2 Acarnania
3 Aetolia
4 Locris & Phocis
5 Peloponnesus
6 Achaia
7 Messenia
8 Laconia
9 Argolis
10 Arcadia
23
1 Attica
2 Boeotia
3 Doris
4 Phthiotis
5 Thessaly Proper
6 Magnesia
7 Macedonia
8 Thrace
9 Aegean Sea
24
1 islands which lie before lands already mentioned
2 Crete
3 Euboeia
4 Cyclades
5 Sporades
6 Hellespont - lake Maeotis
7 Dacia, Sarmatia
25
1 islands of Euxine
2 islands of northern ocean
3 Germany
4 96 islands of Gallic Ocean
5 Britannia
26
1 Summary Gallia Belgica
2 Gallia Lugdunensis
3 Gallia Aquitanica
4 Nearer Spain, its coast along Gallic Ocean
5 Lusitania
6 islands in Atlantic Ocean
7 general measurement of Europe
8 Summary
9 Roman authors quoted
10 Foreign authors quoted
27
1 Two Mauritanias
2 Numidia
3 Africa
28
1 Syrtes
2 Cyrenaica
3 Libya Mareotis
4 islands in vicinity of Africa
5 Countries on other side of Africa
29
1 Egypt & Thebais
2 River Nile
3 cities of Egypt
4 coasts of Arabia, situate on Egyptian sea
5 Syria
30
1 Idumaea
2 Palaestina & Samaria
3 Judaea
4 Decapolis
5 Phoenice
6 Syria Antiochia
7 remaining parts of Syria
31
1 Euphrates
2 Syria upon Euphrates
3 Cilicia & adjoining nations
4 Isauria & Homonades
5 Pisidia
6 Lycaonia
7 Pamphylia
8 Mount Taurus
9 Lycia
32
1 Caria
2 Lydia
3 Ionia
4 Aeolis
33
1 Troas & adjoining nations
2 islands which lie in front of Asia
3 Cyprus
4 Rhodes
5 Samos
6 Chios
7 Lesbos
34
1 Summary Hellespont & Mysia
2 Phrygia
3 Galatia & adjoining nations
4 Bithynia
5 islands of Propontis
6 Summary
7 Roman authors quoted
8 Foreign authors quoted
 
2 14:02:52
1
1 Euxine & Maryandini
2 Paphlagonia
3 Cappadocia
4 region of Themiscyra & nations therein
5 region of Colica, nations of Achaei & other nations in same parts
2
1 Cimmerian Bosporus
2 Lake Maeotis & adjoining nations
3 situation of Cappadocia
4 Lesser & Greater Armenia
5 rivers Cyrus & Araxes
6 Albania, Iberia & adjoining nations
7 passes of Caucasus
8 islands of Euxine
9 nations in vicinity of Scythian Ocean
3
1 Caspian & Hyrcanean sea
2 Adiabene
3 Media & Caspian Gates
4 nations situated around Hyrcanian sea
5 nations of Scythia & countries on Eastern Ocean
6 Seres
4
1 nations of India
2 Ganges
3 Indus
5
1 Taprobane
2 Ariani & adjoining nations
3 voyages to India
6
1 Carmania
2 Persian & Arabian Gulfs
3 Parthian Empire
4 Mesopotamia
5 Tigris
7
1 Arabia
2 gulfs of Red Sea
3 Troglodytice
8
1 Aethiopia
2 Islands of Aethiopian Sea
3 Fortunate Islands
9
1 comparative distances of places on face of earth
2 division of earth into parallels & shadows of equal length
3 summary
4 Roman authors quoted
5 foreign authors quoted
10 Man
1 wonderful forms of different nations
2 marvellous births
3 generation of man
4 unusual duration of pregnancy
5 instances of it from 7 to 12 months
11
1 Indications of sex of child during pregnancy of mother
2 monstrous births
3 of those who have been cut out of womb
4 who were called Vopisci
5 conception & generation of man
6 striking instances of resemblance
7 what men are suited for generation
8 instances of very numerous offspring
9 at what age generation ceases
10 remarkables circumstances connected with menstrual discharge
12
1 theory of generation
2 some account of teeth & some facts concerning infants
3 examples of unusual size
4 chldren remarkable for their precocity
5 some remarkable properties of body
6 instances of extraordinary strength
7 instances of remarkable agility
8 instances of acuteness of sight
9 instances of remarkable acuteness in hearing
10 instances of endurance of pain
13
1 Memory
2 vigour of mind
3 clemency & greatness of mind
4 heroic exploits
5 union in same person of three of highest qualities with greatest purity
6 instances of extreme courage
7 men of remarkable genius
8 men who have been remarkable for wisdom
14
1 Precepts most useful in life
2 divination
3 man who was pronounced to be most excellent
4 most chaste matrons
5 instances of highest degree of affection
6 names of men who have excelled in arts, astrology, grammar & medicine
7 geometry & architecture
8 painting, engraving on bronze, marble & ivory, carving
9 slaves for which a high price has been given
10 supreme happiness
11 rare instances of good fortune continuing in same family
12 remarkable example of vicissitudes
13 remarkable examples of honours
15
1 10 very fortunate circumstances which have happened to same person
2 misfortunes of Augustus
3 men whom gods have pronounced to be most happy
4 man whom gods ordered to be worshipped during his life-time
5 a remarkable flash of lightning
6 greatest length of life
7 variety of destinies at birth of man
16
1 Various instances of diseases
2 death
3 persons who have come to life again after being laid out for burial
4 instances of sudden death
5 burial
6 Manes, or departed spirits of soul
17 inventors of various things
18
1 things about which mankind 1st of all agreed
2 ancient letters
3 when barbers were first employed
4 when 1st time-pieces were made
5 summary
6 Roman authors quoted
7 foreign authors quoted
19 Elephants
1 their capacity
2 when elephants were first put into harness
3 docility of elephant
4 wonderful things which have been done by elephant
5 instinct of wild animals when perceiving danger
6 when elephants were 1st seen in Italy
7 combats of elephants
8 way in which elephants are caught
9 method by which they are tamed
10 birth of elephant & other particulars respecting it
11 in what countries elephant is found
12 antipathy of elephant & dragon
13 sagacity of these animals
20
1 Dragons
2 serpents of remarkable size
3 animals of Scythis: bison
4 animals of north: elk, achlis & bonasus
5 lions
1 how they are produced
2 different species of lions
3 peculiar character of lion
4 who it was that 1st introduced combats of lions at Rome
5 wonderful feats performed by lions
6 man recognized & saved by a dragon
21
1 Panthers
2 decree of Senate, & laws respecting African animals
3 tigers: when 1st seen at Rome, their nature
4 camels: different kinds
5 cameleopard: when it was 1st seen at Rome
6 chama & cepus
7 rhinoceros
8 lynx, sphynx, crocotta & monkey
9 terrestrial animals of India
10 animals of Aethiopia
1 a wild beast which kills with its eye
2 serpents called basilisks
3 wolves
4 different kinds of serpents
22
1 ichneumon
2 crocodile
3 seincus
4 hippopotamus
5 who 1st exhibited hippopotamus & crocodile at Rome
6 medicinal remedies which have been borrowed from animals
7 prognostics of danger derived from animals
8 nations that have been exterminated by animals
9 hyaena
10 crocotta, mantichora
11 wild asses
12 beavers
13 amphibious animals
14 otters
23
1 Bramble-frogs
2 sea-calf
3 beavers
4 lizards
5 stags
6 chameleon
7 other animals which change colors
8 tarandus, lycaon & thos
9 porcupine
10 bears & their cubs
11 mice of Pontus & Alps
12 hedgehogs
24
1 leontophonus & lynx
2 badgers & squirrels
3 vipers & snails
4 lizards
5 qualities of dog
6 examples of its attachment to its master
7 nations which have kept dogs for purpose of war
8 generation of dog
9 remedies against canine madness
10 nature of horse
11 disposition of horse
12 remarkable facts concerning chariot horses
13 generation of horse
14 mares impregnated by wind
15 ass: its generation
16 nature of mules & other beasts of burden
25
1 Oxen: their generation
2 Egyptian Apis
3 sheep & their propagation
4 different kinds of wool & their colours
5 different kinds of cloth
6 different shapes of sheep
7 musmon
8 goats & their propagation
26 hog
1 wild boar
2 who was 1st to establish parks for wild animals
3 animals in a half-wild state
4 apes
5 different species of hares
6 animals which are tamed in part only
7 places in which certain animals are not to be found
8 animals which injure strangers only, as also animals which injure natives of country only, & where they are found
9 summary
10 Roman authors quoted
11 foreign authors quoted
27
1 Why largest animals are found in sea
2 sea monsters of Indian Ocean
3 largest animals that are found in each ocean
4 forms of Tritons & Nereids
5 forms of sea-elephants
6 balaena & orca
7 whether fishes respire & whether they sleep
28 Dolphins
1 human beings who have been beloved by dolphins
2 places where dolphins help men to fish
3 other wonderful things relating to dolphins
4 tursio
5 turtles: various kinds of turtles & where they are caught
6 who 1st invented art of cutting tortoise shell
7 distribution of aquatic animals into various species
8 those which are covered with hair,or have none, & how they bring forth
9 sea-calves or phocae
10 how many kinds of fish there are
29 which of fishes are of largest size
1 tunnies, cordyla & pelamides & various parts of them that are salted
2 melandrya, apolecti & cybia
3 aurias & scomber
4 fishes which are never found in Euxine
5 those which enter it & return
6 why fishes leap above surface of water
7 that auguries are derived from fishes
8 what kinds of fishes have no males
9 fishes which have a stone in their head
10 those which keep themselves concealed during winter
30
1 Fishes which conceal themselves during summer
2 mullet
3 acipenser
4 lupus, asellus
5 scarus, mustella
6 various kinds of mullets & sargus that attends them
7 enormous prices of some fish
8 that same kinds are not everywhere equally esteemed
9 gills & scales
10 fishes which have a voice
11 fishes without gills
12 fishes which come on land
13 proper time for catching fish
14 classification of fishes, according to shape of body
15 fins of fish, & their mode of swimming
31
1 Eels
2 murena
3 various kinds of flat fish
4 echeneis & its uses in enchantments
5 fishes which change their colour
6 fishes which fly above water
7 sea swallow
8 fish that shines in night
9 horned fish
10 sea-dragon
11 fishes which have no blood
12 fishes known as soft fish
13 saepia, loligo, scallop
14 polypus
15 nautilus, or sailing polypus
16 various kinds of polypi
17 their shrewdness
18 sailing nauplius
32
1 Sea-animals which are enclosed with a crust
2 cray-fish
3 various kinds of crabs
4 pinnotheres
5 sea urchin
6 cockles & scallops
7 various kinds of shell-fish
8 what numerous appliances of luxury are found in sea
33 pearls
1 how they are produced, & where
2 how pearls are found
3 various kinds of pearls
4 remarkable facts connected with pearls - their nature
5 instances of use of pearls
6 how pearls 1st came into use at Rome
34
1 nature of murex & purple
2 different kinds of purples
3 how wools are dyed with juices of purple
4 when purple was 1st used at Rome
5 fabrics called conchyliated
6 amethyst, Tyrian, hysgnian & crimson tints
7 pinna & pinnotheres
8 sensitiveness of water-animals
9 torpedo, pastinaca, scolopendra, glanis & ram-fish
35
1 Bodies which have a 3rd nature, that of animal & vegetable combined
2 sea-nettle
3 sponges: various kinds of them, & where they are produced
4 proofs that they are gifted with life by nature
5 dog-fish
6 fishes which are enclosed in a stony-shell
7 sea-animals which have no sensation
8 other animals which live in mud
9 venomous sea-animals
10 maladies of fishes
11 generation of fishes
12 fishes which are both oviparous & viviparous
13 fishes belly of which opens in spawning, & then closes again
14 fishes that have a womb
15 those which impregnate themselves
16 longest lives known among fishes
36
1 1st person that formed artificial oyster-beds
2 who was 1st inventor of preserves for other fish
3 who invented preserves for murenae
4 who invented preserves for sea-snails
5 l & -fishes
6 mice of Nile
7 how fish called anthias is taken
8 sea-stars
9 marvellous properties of dactylus
10 anthipaties & sympathies that exist between aquatic animals
11 summary
12 Roman authors quoted
13 foreign authors quoted
37
1 ostrich
2 phoenix
3 different kinds of eagles
4 natural characteristics of eagle
5 when eagle was 1st used as standard of Roman legions
6 an eagle which precipitated itself on funeral pile of a girl
7 vulture
8 birds called sangualis & immusulus
9 hawks
10 buteo
11 in what places hawks & men pursue chase in company with each other
12 only bird that is killed by those of its own kind
13 bird that lays only one egg
14 kite
38 classification of birds
1 crows
2 birds of ill omen
3 at what season they are not inauspicious
4 raven
5 horned owl
6 birds, race of which is extinct or of which all knowledge has been lost
7 birds which are born with tail 1st
8 owlet
9 wood-pecker of Mars
10 birds which have hooked talons
11 peacock
12 who was 1st to kill peacock for food
13 who 1st taught art of cramming them
14 dunghill cock
15 how cocks are castrated
16 a cock that once spoke
17 goose
18 who 1st taught us to use liver of goose for food
19 Commagenian medicament
20 chenalopex, cheneros, tetrao & oris
21 cranes
22 storks
23 swans
39
1 Foreign birds which visit us
2 swallows
3 birds that take their departure from us, & whither they go
4 birds which remains with us throughout year
5 birds that remain with us only 6 or 3 months
6 Memnonides
7 Meleagrides
8 Seleucides, ibis
9 places in which certain birds are never found
10 various kinds of birds which afford omens by their note
11 birds which change their colour & their voice
12 nightingale
13 melancoryphus
14 erithacus & phoenicurus
15 oenan , chlorion, blackbird & ibis
16 times of incubation of birds
17 halcyones: halcyon days that are favourable to navigation
18 other kinds of aquatic birds
19 instinctive cleverness displayed by birds in construction of their nests
20 wonderful works of swallow
40 acanthyllis & other birds
1 merops - partidges
2 pigeons
3 wonderful things done by them
4 prices at which they have been sold
5 different modes of flight & progression in birds
6 birds called apodes or cypseli
7 respecting food of birds - caprimulgus, platea
8 instinct of birds - carduelis, taurus, anthus
9 birds which speak - parrot
10 pie which feeds on acorns
11 sedition that arose among Roman people in consequence of a raven speaking
12 birds of Diomedes
13 animals that can learn nothing
41 mode of drinking with birds
1 porphyrio
2 haematopous
3 food of birds
4 pelican
5 foreign birds: phalerides, pheasant & numidicae
6 phoenicopterus, attagen, phalacrocorax, pyrrhocorax & lagopus
7 new birds
8 vipio
9 fabulous birds
10 who 1st invented art of cramming poultry: why 1st Censors forbade this practice
11 who 1st invented aviaries
12 dish of Aesopus
13 generation of birds: other oviparous animals
14 various kinds of eggs & their nature
15 defects in brood-hens & their remedies
16 an augury derived from eggs by an empress
17 best kinds of fowls
18 diseases of fowls & their remedies
19 when birds lay & how many eggs
20 various kinds of herons
21 what eggs are called hypenemia & what cynosura
22 how eggs are best kept
23 only winged animal that is viviparous & nurtures its young with milk
42 Terrestrial animals that are oviparous
1 various kinds of serpents
2 generation of all kinds of terrestrial animals
3 position of animals in uterus
4 animals whose origin is still unknown
5 salamanders
6 animals which are born of beings that have not been born themselves - animals which are born themselves, but are not reproductive - animals which are of neither sex
7 senses of animals - that all have senses of touch & taste - those which are more remarkable for their sight, smell or hearing - moles - whether oysters have sense of hearing
8 which fishes have best hearing
9 which fishes have finest sense of smell
10 diversities in feeding of animals
11 animals which live on poisons
12 animals which live on earth - animals which will not die of hunger or thirst
13 diversities in drinking of animals
14 antipathies of animals
15 proofs that they are sensible of frienship & other affections
16 instances of affection shown by serpents
17 sleep of animals
18 what animals are subject to dreams:summary
19 Roman authors quoted
20 foreign authors quoted
31 1:56:36
1
1 extreme smallness of insects
2 whether insects respire & whether they have blood
3 bodies of insects
4 bees
5 order displayed in work of bees, persons who have made bees their study
2
1 mode in which bees work
2 drones
3 qualities of honey
4 reproduction of bees
5 mode of government by bees
3
1 Happy omens sometimes afforded by a swarm of bees
2 various kinds of bees
3 diseases of bees
4 wasps & hornets
5 silk-worm
6 spiders
7 generation of spiders
4
1 Scorpions
2 grasshopper
3 wings of insects
4 beetle
5 glow-worm
6 other kinds of beetles
7 locusts
8 ants
9 chrysalis
5 Insects that are parasites of man
1 an animal which has no passage for evacuations
2 moths, cantharides, gnats
3 various kinds of horns
4 animals in which they are moveable
5 heads of animals
6 those which have none
7 hair
8 brain
9 ears
10 face
11 eyes
12 diversity of color of eyes
13 theory of sight
14 nature of pupil
15 hair of eyelids
16 animals which have no eyelids
6
1 cheeks
2 nostrils
3 mouth
4 lips
5 chin
6 teeth tongue
7 tonsils
8 neck
9 throat
10 dorsal spine
11 throat
12 stomach
13 heart
14 blood
15 vital spirit lungs
16 liver
7
1 gall
2 properties of gall
3 diaphragm
4 nature of laughter
5 belly
6 animals which have no belly
7 small guts spleen
8 kidneys
9 greast
10 ribs
11 bladder womb
12 animals which do not grow fat
13 marrow
14 bones & fishbones
15 cartilage
16 nerves
17 arteries
18 veins, whether blood is principle of life
8
1 hide of animals
2 hair & covering of skin
3 paps
4 birds that have paps
5 milk
6 cheese
7 various kinds of cheese
8 fingers
9 arms
10 nails
11 knees & hams
12 varicose veins
13 gait, feet, legs
14 hoofs
15 feet of biords
16 feet of animals
9
1 sexual parts
2 hermaphrodites
3 testes
4 tails of animals
5 different voices of animals
6 superfluous limbs
7 respiration & nutriment
8 reasons for indigestion
9 from what causes corpulence arises & how it may be reduced
10 what things, by merely tasting of them, allay hunger & thirst
11 authors quoted
10
1 honourable place occupied by trees in system of nature
2 early history of trees
3 exotic trees
4 plane-tree
5 trees of India
6 Indian trees, names of which are unknown
7 Indian trees which bear flax
11 pepper-tree
1 various kinds of pepper
2 Caryophyllon, lycion & Chironian pyxacanthus
3 macir
4 sugar
5 trees of Persis
6 trees of islands of Persian sea
7 cotton tree
8 amomum, amomis
12
1 Cardamomum
2 country of frankincense
3 trees that bear frankincense
4 various kinds of frankincense
5 myrrh
6 trees that produce myrrh
7 nature & various kinds of myrrh
8 mastich
9 ladanum & stobolon
10 enhaemon
11 why Arabia was called happy
12 cinnamomum, xylocinnamum
13
1 Cassia
2 cancamum & tarum
3 serichatum & gabalium
4 myrobalanum
5 phoenicobalanus
6 sweet-scented calamus
7 sweet-scented rush
8 hammoniacum
9 sphagnos
10 cypros
11 asphalatos
12 maron
13 balsamum
14 opobalsamum & xylobalsamum
15 storax
16 galbanum
17 panax
18 spondylium
19 malobathrum
20 omphacion
21 bryon
22 elate or sphate
23 cinnamon
24 authors quoted
14 Unguents
1 at what period they were 1st introduced
2 various kinds of unguents
3 diaspa
4 magma
5 modes of testing unguents
6 excess to which luxury has run in unguents
7 when unguents were 1st used by Romans
15 palm tree
1 nature of palm tree
2 how palm tree is planted
3 different varieties of palm trees & their characteristics
16
1 trees of Syria: pistacia, cottana, damascena & myma: cedar: terebinth: sumach tree
2 trees of Egypt
3 fig-tree of Alexandria
4 fig tree of Cyprus
5 carob tree
6 Persian tree
7 cucus
8 Egyptian thorn
9 nine kinds of gum
10 sarcocolla
11 papyrus
12 use of paper
13 when it was 1st invented
14 mode of making paper
15 9 different kinds of paper
16 mode of testing goodness of paper
17 peculiar defects in paper
18 paste used in preparation of paper
19 books of Numa
17
1 trees of Aethiopia
2 trees of Mount Atlas
3 citrus & tables made of wood there of
4 points that are desirable or otherwise in these tables
5 citron-tree
6 lotus
7 trees of Cyrenaica
8 paliurus
9 9 varieties of Punic apple
10 balaustium
18 trees of Asia & Greece
1 tragion
2 tragacanthe
3 tragos or scorpio
4 euonymos
5 tree called eon
6 royal thorn
7 trees & shrubs of Mediterranean
8 sea bryon
9 plants of red sea
10 plants of Indian sea
11 plants of Troglodytic sea
12 authors quoted
19
1 nature of vine
2 its mode of fructification
3 nature of grape & cultivation of vine
4 91 varieties of vine
20
1 Remarkable facts connected with culture of vine
2 most ancient wines
3 nature of wines
4 50 kinds of generous wines
5 38 varieties of foreign wines
21
17 kinds of salted wines
21 8 varieties of sweet wines
3 at what period generous wines were 1st commonly made in Italy
4 inspection of wine ordered by king Romulus
5 wines drunk by ancient Romans
6 some remarkable facts connected with wine-lofts
7 Opimian wine
8 at what period 4 kinds of wine were 1st served at table
9 uses of wild vine
10 66 varieties of artificial wine
11 hydromeli or melicraton
12 12 kinds of wines with miraculous properties
13 what wines it is not lawful to use in sacred rites
22
1 How must is usually prepared
2 pitch & resin
3 vinegar
4 wine vessels
5 wine cellars
6 drunkenness
7 liquors with strength of wine made from water & corn
8 authors quoted
23
1 olive
2 nature of olive & of new olive oil
3 olive oil: countries in which it is produced & its various qualities
4 15 varieties of olives
5 nature of olive oil
6 culture of olive: its mode of preservation
7 method of making olive oil
8 48 varieties of artificial oils
9 amurca
24
1 various kinds of fruit-trees & their natures
2 4 varieties of pine nuts
3 quince
4 6 varieties of peach
5 12 kinds of plums
6 peach
7 30 different kinds of pomes
8 fruits that have been most recently introduced
9 41 varieties of pear
10 mode of keeping various fruits & grapes
25 29
1 varieties of fig
2 historical anecdotes connected with fig
3 caprification
4 3 varieties of medlar
5 4 varieties of sorb
6 9 varieties of nut
7 18 varieties of chestnut
8 carob
26
1 fleshy fruits
2 mulberry
3 fruit of arbutus
4 relative natures of berry fruits
5 9 varieties of cherry
6 cornel
7 lentisk
8 13 different flavours of juices
9 various natures of fruit
10 myrtle
11 11 varieties of myrtle
12 myrtle used at home in ovations
13 laurel
14 13 varieties of it
15 authors quoted
 
   
2 On Nature of Things By Titus Lucretius CARUS (c. 99 BC - 55 BC) 164,000W 656 10:55:24
1 Preface & Remarks on life & poem of Lucretius
2 Invocation & Dedication of poem.
3 Praise of Epicurus.
4 theory of atom.
5 Time doesn't have a real existence.
6 Atoms are solid & indivisible.
7 Attack on theory of Empedocles.
8 Attack on theory of Anaxagoras.
9 universe is boundless, limitless & has no center.
10 Praise of philosophy.
11 Attack on theory of Anaxagoras.
12 universe is boundless, limitless & has no center.
13 Praise of philosophy.
14 Attack on theory of Anaxagoras.
15 universe is boundless, limitless & has no center.
16 Praise of philosophy.
17 Compound bodies contain atoms of different figures.
18 infinite number of atoms moving through infinite space creates an infinite number of bodies.
19 Eulogy of Epicurus.
20 Denial of divine power over world.
21 fear of gods & fear of death torment men & lead them into crimes.
22 Difference between mind & soul.
23 Both mind & soul are corporeal,i.e., composed of atoms like body.
24 substance of mind & soul.
25 soul & body can't be separated without destruction of both.
26 Twenty arguments which prove that soul perishes with body, contrary to Pythagorean theory
27 Death is end of man, & nothing should be feared after it.
28 All suffering happens only during life.
29 All men die, good or bad, & death should be contemplated with calmness & reason
30 Theory of image.
31 Vision is produced by impact of images on eye.
32 Senses may be trusted: false opinions arise from false reasoning about testimony of senses.
33 Other senses: sound, taste & odor.
34 Imagination & thought are produced by means of images.
35 nature of dreams.
36 use of organs of body.
37 Motion in animals & motion in images.
38 Sleep & causes of dreams.
39 Love & desire & their influence.
40 Praise of Epicurus.
41 world is not eternal.
42 Heavenly bodies.
43 world had a beginning & will have an end.
44 Cosmogony according to Epicurus.
45 Causes of motions of heaven.
46 magnitude of heavenly bodies & causes of their phenomena: day & night, phases & eclipses of moon & sun.
47 production of plants, animals & man.
48 existence of monsters.
49 rudeness of early life of men.
50 invention of speech.
51 discovery of fire, progress of society.
52 rise of religion from ignorance of natural causes.
53 discovery of metals & progress of arts.
54 Panegyric on Athens.
55 Meteoric appearances in heaven.
56 Causes of shooting stars, lightning, thunderbolts.
57 Ridicule of those who attribute origin of storms to gods.
58 Origin of water-spouts, clouds, rain, rainbow, earthquakes & other phenomena.
59 About seas & volcanoes.
60 About rivers & lakes.
61 About temperature of waters.
62 About magnets & why metals are attracted to them.
63 About origin & cause of diseases.
64 Description of plague that depopulated Athens during Peloponnesian war.
4 15 BC On Architecture by Vitruvius 80 - 15 BC 143,750W 575 9:34:58 250M
1
1 Education of Architect
2 Fundamental Principles of Architecture
3 Departments of Architecture
4 Site of a City
5 City Walls
6 Directions of Streets: with Remarks on Winds
7 Sites for Public Buildings
2
1 Origin of Dwelling House
2 Primordial Substance according to Physicists
3 Brick
4 Sand
5 Lime
6 Pozzolana
7 Stone
8 Methods of Building Walls
9 Timber
10 Highl & & Lowl & Fir
3
1 Symmetry in Temples & Human Body
2 Classification of Temples
3 Proportions of Intercolumniations & of Columns
4 Foundations & Substructures of Temples
5 Proportions of Base
6 Capitals
7 Entablature in Ionic Order
4
1 Origins of 3 Orders
2 Proportions of Corinthian Capital
3 Ornaments of Orders
4 Proportions of Doric Temples
5 Cella & Pronaos,
6 How Temple should face
7 Doorways of Temples
8 Tuscan Temples
9 Circular Temples & Other Varieties
10 Altars
5
1 Forum & Basilica
2 Treasury
3 Prison
4 Senate House
5 Theatre its Site
6 Foundations, & Acoustics
7 Harmonics
8 Sounding Vessels in Theatre
9 Plan of Theatre
10 Greek Theatres
11 Acoustics of Site of Theatre
12 Colonnades & Walks
13 Baths
14 Palaestra
15 Harbours
16 Breakwaters
17 Shipyards
6
1 Climate as determining Style of House
2 Symmetry & Modifications
3 Proportions of Principal Rooms
4 Proper Exposures of Rooms
5 Personalization
6 How Rooms suited to Station of Owner
7 Farmhouse
8 Greek House
9 Foundations & Substructures
7
1 Floors
2 Slaking of Lime for Stucco
3 Vaultings & Stucco Work
4 Stucco in Damp Places
5 Decoration of Dining Rooms
6 Decadence of Fresco Painting
7 Marble for use Stucco
8 Natural Colors
9 Cinnabar
10 Quicksilver
11 Black
12 Blue
13 Burnt Ochre
14 White Lead
15 Verdigris
16 Sandarach
17 Purple
18 Yellow Ochre
19 Green
20 Indigo
8
1 How to find Water
2 Rainwater
3 Various Properties of Different Waters
4 Tests of Good Water
5 Levelling & Levelling Instruments
6 Aqueducts
7 Wells & Cisterns
9
1 Zodiac & Planets
2 Phases of Moon
3 Course of Sun through 12 Signs
4 Northern Constellations
5 Southern Constellations
6 Astrology & Weather Prognostics
7 Analemma & its Applications
8 Sundials & Water Clocks
10
1 Machines & Implements
2 Hoisting Machines
3 Elements of Motion
4 Engines for raising Water
5 Water Wheels & Water Mills
6 Water Screw
7 Pump of Ctesibius
8 Water Organ
9 Hodometer
10 Catapults or Scorpiones
11 Ballistae
12 Stringing & Tuning of Catapults
13 Siege Machines
14 Tortoise, Hegetor's Tortoise
15 Measures of Defence
16 Scamilli Impares
3 Metamorphosis or Golden Ass
By Lucius APULEIUS (c. 125 - 180)
149,000W 596 9:55:10
5 66 Satyricon
By Gaius Petronius ARBITER (c. 27 - 66)
119,000W 476 7:56:03
1 Adventures of Encolpius & His Companions
2 Dinner of Trimalchio
3 Further Adventures of Encolpius & His Companions
4 Encolpius, Giton & Eumolpus Escape by Sea
5 Affairs at Crotona
6 180 Meditations
By Marcus Aurelius 121 - 80
105,000W 420 6:59:06 191M
1 concerning HIMSELF
21 5 Ideas
31 7 Ideas
4 43 Ideas
5 30 Ideas
6 54 Ideas
7 44 Ideas
8 48 Ideas
9 43 Ideas
10 38 Ideas
11 31 Ideas
12 28 Ideas
13 Marcus Aurilius Antoninus by George Long
14 Philosophy of Marcus Aurilius by George Long
7 524 Theological Tractates & Consolation of Philosophy
by Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus 480 - 524
102,646W 411 6:51
1 NOTE ON TEXT
2 THEOLOGICAL TRACTATES
3 CONSOLATION OF PHILOSOPHY
4 SYMMACHI VERSUS
8 63 BC Catiline Conspiracy & Jugurthine War 111-105 B.C.
by Sallust 86-34
116,000W 464 6:43:42 184M
3-8 Cataline Conspiracy
9 Introduction to Jugurthine War
10-21 Jugurthine War
9 100s Satires
By Decimus Iunius IUVENALIS
5:09:49
10 De Agricultura
By Marcus Porcius CATO (236 BC - 149 BC)
56,750W 227 03:47:01
1 1 Fables of Phaedrus
By PHAEDRUS (15 BC - 50 AD) & Henry Thomas RILEY (1816 - 1878)
24,000W 96 1:55:32
12 2nd apology
By Justin martyr 103 - 65
7,500W 30 29:49 13.6M
13 43 BC Philippics
by Cicero 106 - 43 BC
146,750W 587 9:46:24 170M
1 Criticises legislation of consuls in office Mark Antony & Publius Cornelius Dolabella, who offended Caesar
2A Attacks on Mark Antony including accusation that he surpasses, in his political ambition, Lucius Sergius Catilina & Pulcher
2B Catalogue of atrocities of Mark Antony. It is longest of Cicero's Philippic speeches.
3 Cicero calls on Senate to act against Marc Antony. He demands that Senate shows solidarity with Octavian & Decimus Brutus
4 Cicero considers Mark Antony as a public enemy & argues that peace with Mark Antony is inconceivable.
5 Urges Senate not to send an embassy to Mark Antony & warns of his intentions. Proposes that Senate honours Decimus Junius Brutus
6 Considers embassy carried out by Senate as a delayed declaration of war on Mark Antony. Appeals to fight for freedom.
7 Presents himself as an attorney of peace, but considers war against Mark Antony without negotiations as a dem & of moment.
8 Concludes political situation is de facto a war. Peace under him would be same as slavery. Soldier amnesties & Dates
9 Demands that Senate honours Servius Sulpicius Rufus, who died during embassy to Mark Antony. Senate agrees
10 Praises military deeds of Marcus Junius Brutus in Macedonia & Illyricum. Demands Senate to confirm Brutus Govern of Macedonia
11 Castigates Dolabella for murdering Gaius Trebonius, governor of Asia. Demands governorship of Syria for Gaius Cassius Longinus
12 Rejects 2nd embassy to Mark Antony, even though he was 1st ready to participate in it. Senate agrees to this proposal.
13 Accuses Mark Antony for conducting war in North Italy (Battle of Mutina).rejects invitation to peace by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
14 Proposes a thanksgiving festival & praises victorious commanders in chief & their troops. Says Marc Antony is enemy
14 43 BC On Nature of Gods
By Marcus Tullius CICERO (106 - 43 BCE)
100,000W 400 6:39:54
1 5 On Laws
By Marcus Tullius CICERO (106 - 43 BCE)
63,000W 252 4:11:28
16 46 BC Cicero's Brutus or History of Famous Orators: also His Orator, or Accomplished Speaker.
by Cicero, Marcus Tullius
83,188W 164 2:44
17 387 On Duties of Clergy
by Saint Ambrose
131,000W 524 8:43:54 240M
18 377 Concerning Virgins
by Saint Ambrose
67,500W 270 2:29:21 68.4M
1 epistle of polycarp 69 - 155 to Philippians
2 epistles by St. Ignatius of Antioch 35 - 117 turkey
31 st apology by Saint Justin Martyr 103 - 65
20 Confessions By Saint Augustine 354 - 430 188,250W 753 12:32:41 344M
1
1 His infancy & boyhood up to age 14.
2 Inability to remember sins he committed.
3 Children show us what we would be if we weren't taught to wait turn, God teaches us to think of oth
2
1 Among bad people who make him steal & philander.
2 Why he needlessly stole. Group mentality
3
1 Studies at Carthage
2 conversion to Manichaeism & more philandering yrs 16-19
4
1 Death of a friend
2 studies in Aristotle
3 Fit & fair between 20 & 29
4 grief
5 Things he used to love become hateful to him because everything reminds him of what was lost
5
1 movement away from Manichaeism under influence of St. Ambrose in Milan at 29.
2 feels a sense of resigned acceptance to these fables as he has not yet formed a spiritual core
6
1 movement towards Christianity under influence of St. Ambrose at 30.
2 taken aback by Ambrose's kindness but still does not underst & substance of his teachings
7
1 rejection of Manichee dualism & Neoplatonist view of God at 31.
2 struggles to create his own views on God which moves him towards better understanding of God.
8
1 continued inner turmoil on whether to convert to Christianity at 32.
2 Augustine reads Romans 1313-14 & converts
3 Alypius follows
9
1 aptism done by Ambrose at 33
2 death of his mother Monica
3 death of his friends Nebridius & Vecundus, & his abandonment of his studies of rhetoric.
10
1 reflections on values of confessions
2 reflections on values of Workings of Memory related to 5 senses
11
1 Reflections on Genesis
2 searching for meaning of time.
12
1 Continued reflections on book of Genesis.
2 Augustine especially focuses on language used to tell creation story.
13
1 Exploration of meaning of Genesis & Trinity.
   
19 430 City of God
By Saint Augustine 354 - 430
607,000W 2,428 40:27:49 1.07G
1 Church's answer to Paganism
2 Church's Indictment of Paganism
3 Exposure of Pagan Dieties
4 Traces of Spiritual Religions among Pagans
5 Liberty of Christian & Freedom of Pagan Rome, a Contrast
6 Dieties of Rome unable to confere Eternal Life unworthy of Worship
7 Natural Theology Insufficient
8 Platonism, Highest Philosophy
9 Demons of Paganism & Angels of Christianity
10 Worship of Truin God & Doctrine of Incarnation
11 Creation of World, it's Siginificance, Purpose & Goodness
12 Creation of Man & Origin of Evil
13 Fall of Man & Consequences
14 2 States
15 Biblical account of Course of 2 States
16 Prophetical Reference to these States
17 Augury Vs Prophecy
18 Ideals of Life & Object of Existence
19 Life to Come
20 Sin, it's Punishments & Forgiveness
21 420 Enchiridion
By Saint Augustine 354 - 430 75
68,000W 272 2:32 70M
1 Creed & Lord's Prayer
2 God Creator of All
3 Problem of Evil
4 Kinds of Error
5 Problem of Lying
6 Limits of Knowledge & Certainty
7 Plight of Man after Fall
8 Replacement of fallen angels by elect men
9 Necessity of Grace
10 Christ Mediator
11 Holy Spirit
12 Baptism & Original Sin
13 Heavenly & Earthly Divisions
14 Forgiveness of sins in Church
15 Faith & Works
16 Almsgiving & Forgiveness
17 Spiritual Almsgiving
18 Problems of Casuistry
19 2 causes of Sin
20 Reality of Resurrection
21 Solution to Spiritual Enigmas
22 Predestination & Justice of God
23 Triumph of God's Good Will
24 Limits of God's Plan for Human Salvation
25 Destiny of Man
26 Last Things
27 Principles of Christian Living
28 Faith & Hope
29 Love
30 End of All Law
22 Works
By Tacitus 56 - 117
227,250W 909 15:08:36 415M
1 Dedication to sir Robert wadpole
2 upon former English translations of tacitus
3 Upon Tacitus & his writings
4 Upon caesar dictator
5 Upon Octavius Caesar, afterward called Augustus
6 Of Governments free & arbitrary
7 Of old law of treason
8 Of accusations of accusers under emperors
9 Of General debasement of spirit & adulation which accompany power unlimited
10 Upon courts Of Armies & Conquest
11 reign of Augustus
12 Tiberius Takes Throne
13 Sedition at Panonia
14 German Insurrection
15 Rise of Germanicus
16 Conflict in Armenia
17 Libo's Rebellion
18 Debates in Senate
19 Various Rebellions
20 African Conflicts
21 Death of Germanicus
22 Disgrace of Piso
23 Conflict with Upper Classes
24 Tiberius Pleads with Senate
25 International Relations Under Tiberius
2 4 421 Agricola
By Tacitus 56 - 117
22,500W 90 1:29:16 40.8M
1 annals 1
25 Germania
By Tacitus 56 - 117
17,500W 70 1:09:54 32M
23 Histories By Tacitus 56 - 117 165,750W 663 11:02:53 303M
1
1 Jan-March AD 69 Preface
2 State of Empire
3 Galba's Position
4 Distribution of Forces
5 German Revolt & Adoption of Piso
6 Galba's Measures of Precaution
7 Rise of Otho
8 Fall of Galba
9 Otho on Throne
10 Dramatis Personae
11 Rise of Vitellius
12 March of Valens' Column
13 March of Caecina's Column
14 Otho's Government & Distribution of Forces
15 Otho's Plans
2
1 Vespasian & East
2 Trial of Annius Faustus
3 Otho's Measures of Defence
4 Decisive Struggle
5 Vitellius' Principate
6 Revolt of Vespasian
7 Vitellius in Rome
3
1 Antonius' Advance
2 Dissension in Vitellius' Camp
3 Engagement near Cremona
4 Fate of Cremona
5 Vitellius
6 State of Provinces
7 Antonius' Advance from Cremona
8 Vitellius' Measures of Defence
9 Passage of Apennines
10 Abdication of Vitellius & Burning of Capitol
11 Taking of Tarracina
12 Sack of Rome & end of Vitellius
4
1 Rome after Fall of Vitellius
2 Revolt of Civilis & Batavi
3 Mutiny of Batavian Cohorts
4 Siege of Vetera
5 Relief of Vetera
6 Rome & Empire under Vespasian
7 Loss of Germany
8 Ebb-tide of Revolt
9 Events in Rome & East
5
1 Conquest of Judaea
2 End of German Revolt
26 Metamorphoses
By Publius (Ovid) OVIDIUS NASO (c. 43 BC - 18 AD)
222,750W 891 14:50:08
27 Heroides
By Publius (Ovid) OVIDIUS NASO (c. 43 BC - 18 AD)
78,750W 315 5:14:36
1 Penelope to Ulysses
2 Phyllis to Demophoon
3 Briseis to Achilles
4 Phaedra to Hippolytus
5 Oenone to Paris
6 Hypsipyle to Jason
7 Dido to Aeneas
8 Hermione to Orestes
9 Deianira to Hercules
10 Ariadne to Theseus
11 Canace to Macareus
12 Medea to Jason
13 Laodamia to Protesilaus
14 Hypermnestra to Lynceus
15 Sappho to Phaon
16 Paris to Helen
17 Helen to Paris
18 Leander to Hero
19 Hero to Leander
20 Acontius to Cydippe
28 La Eneida
By VIRGIL (70 BC - 19 BC)
192,750W 771 12:50:13
29 1912 Stories from Virgil
By Alfred John CHURCH
78,500W 314 5:13:12
3 0 Georgica
By VIRGIL (70 BC - 19 BC)
51,000W 204 3:23:28
31 Of Peace of Mind
By Lucius Annaeus SENECA (4 - 65)
20,750W 83 1:22:40
32 On Shortness of Life
by Seneca Younger 4 BC - 65 AD
16,250W 65 1:04:19 29.4M
     
2 Catholic Church
1 1894 History of Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom by White, Andrew Dickson 330,390W 1322 22:02
1 FROM CREATION TO EVOLUTION
1 VISIBLE UNIVERSE.
2 OLOGICAL TEACHINGS REGARDING ANIMALS & MAN
3 OLOGICAL & SCIENTIFIC THEORIES, OF AN EVOLUTION IN ANIMATED
4 FINAL EFFORT OF THEOLOGY.
2 GEOGRAPHY
1 FORM OF EARTH.
2 DELINEATION OF EARTH.
3 INHABITANTS OF EARTH.
4 SIZE OF EARTH.
5 CHARACTER OF EARTH'S SURFACE.
3 ASTRONOMY
1 OLD SACRED THEORY OF UNIVERSE.
2 HELIOCENTRIC THEORY.
3 WAR UPON GALILEO.
4 VICTORY OF CHURCH OVER GALILEO.
5 RESULTS OF VICTORY OVER GALILEO.
6 RETREAT OF CHURCH AFTER ITS VICTORY OVER GALILEO.
4 FROM "SIGNS & WONDERS" TO LAW IN HEAVENS
1 OLOGICAL VIEW.
2 OLOGICAL EFFORTS TO CRUSH SCIENTIFIC VIEW.
3 INVASION OF SCEPTICISM.
4 OLOGICAL EFFORTS AT COMPROMISE: FINAL VICTORY OF SCIENCE.
5 FROM GENESIS TO GEOLOGY
1 GROWTH OF THEOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS.
2 EFFORTS TO SUPPRESS SCIENTIFIC VIEW.
31 ST GREAT EFFORT AT COMPROMISE, BASED ON FLOOD OF NOAH.
4 FINAL EFFORTS AT COMPROMISE: VICTORY OF SCIENCE COMPLETE.
6 ANTIQUITY OF MAN EGYPTOLOGY, & ASSYRIOLOGY
1 SACRED CHRONOLOGY.
2 NEW CHRONOLOGY.
7 ANTIQUITY OF MAN & PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY
1 THUNDER-STONES.
2 FLINT WEAPONS & IMPLEMENTS.
8 "FALL OF MAN" & ANTHROPOLOGY
9 "FALL OF MAN" & ETHNOLOGY
10 "FALL OF MAN" & HISTORY
11 FROM "PRINCE OF POWER OF AIR" TO METEOROLOGY
1 GROWTH OF A THEOLOGICAL THEORY.
2 DIABOLIC AGENCY IN STORMS.
3 AGENCY OF WITCHES.
4 FRANKLIN'S LIGHTNING-ROD.
12 FROM MAGIC TO CHEMISTRY & PHYSICS
13 FROM MIRACLES TO MEDICINE
1 EARLY & SACRED THEORIES OF DISEASE.
2 GROWTH OF LEGENDS OF HEALING.
3 MEDIAEVAL MIRACLES OF HEALING CHECK MEDICAL SCIENCE.
4 ATTRIBUTION OF DISEASE TO SATANIC INFLUENCE.
5 OLOGICAL OPPOSITION TO ANATOMICAL STUDIES.
6 NEW BEGINNINGS OF MEDICAL SCIENCE.
7 EOLOGICAL DISCOURAGEMENT OF MEDICINE.
8 FETICH CURES UNDER PROTESTANTISM: ROYAL TOUCH.
9 SCIENTIFIC STRUGGLE FOR ANATOMY.
10 OLOGICAL OPPOSITION TO INOCULATION, VACCINATION
11 FINAL BREAKING AWAY OF THEOLOGICAL THEORY IN MEDICINE.
14 FROM FETICH TO HYGIENE
1 THEOLOGICAL VIEW OF EPIDEMICS & SANITATION.
2 GRADUAL DECAY OF THEOLOGICAL VIEWS REGARDING SANITATION.
3 TRIUMPH OF SANITARY SCIENCE.
4 RELATION OF SANITARY SCIENCE TO RELIGION.
15 FROM "DEMONIACAL POSSESSION" TO INSANITY
1 OLOGICAL IDEAS OF LUNACY & ITS TREATMENT.
2 BEGINNINGS OF A HEALTHFUL SCEPTICISM.
3 FINAL STRUGGLE & VICTORY OF SCIENCE: PINEL & TUKE.
16 FROM DIABOLISM TO HYSTERIA
1 EPIDEMICS OF "POSSESSION."
2 BEGINNINGS OF HELPFUL SCEPTICISM.
3 OLOGICAL "RESTATEMENTS." FINAL TRIUMPH OF SCIENTIFIC VIEW
17 FROM BABEL TO COMPARATIVE PHILOLOGY
1 SACRED THEORY IN ITS FIRST FORM.
2 SACRED THEORY OF LANGUAGE IN ITS SECOND FORM.
3 BREAKING DOWN OF THEOLOGICAL VIEW.
4 TRIUMPH OF NEW SCIENCE.
18 FROM DEAD SEA LEGENDS TO COMPARATIVE MYTHOLOGY
1 GROWTH OF EXPLANATORY TRANSFORMATION MYTHS
2 MEDIAEVAL GROWTH OF DEAD SEA LEGENDS
3 POST-REFORMATION CULMINATION OF DEAD SEA LEGENDS. BEGINNINGS
4 OLOGICAL EFFORTS AT COMPROMISE. TRIUMPH OF SCIENTIFIC VIEW
19 FROM LEVITICUS TO POLITICAL ECONOMY
1 ORIGIN & PROGRESS OF HOSTILITY TO LOANS AT INTEREST.
2 RETREAT OF CHURCH, PROTESTANT & CATHOLIC.
20 FROM DIVINE ORACLES TO HIGHER CRITICISM.
1 OLDER INTERPRETATION.
2 BEGINNINGS OF SCIENTIFIC INTERPRETATIO
3 CONTINUED GROWTH OF SCIENTIFIC INTERPRETATION.
4 CLOSING STRUGGLE.
5 VICTORY OF SCIENTIFIC & LITERARY METHODS.
6 RECONSTRUCTIVE FORCE OF SCIENTIFIC CRITICISM.
21 893 Church History, V3/3 by Kurtz, J. H. (Johann Heinrich) 1809-90 239,636W 959 15:59
1 Introduction
1 Relations between Different Churches
1 East & West.
2 Catholicism & Protestantism
3 Lutheranism & Calvinism
4 Anglicanism & Puritanism
2 Roman Catholic Church
1 Papacy, Monkery, & Foreign Missions.
2 Quietism & Jansenism.
3 Science & Art in Catholic Church
3 Lutheran Church
1 Orthodoxy & its Battles
2 Religious Life.
4 Reformed Church
1 Theology & its Battles
2 Religious Life
5 Anti Extra Ecclesiastical Parties
1 Sects & Fanatics.
2 Philosophers & Freethinkers.
2 1700s Church History
1 Catholic Church in East & West
1 Roman Catholic Church.
2 Oriental Churches.
2 Protestant Churches
1 Lutheran Church before "Illumination."
2 Church of Moravian Brethren.
3 Reformed Church before "Illumination."
4 New Sects & Fanatics.
5 Religion, Theology, & Literature of "Illumination."
6 Church Life in Period of "Illumination."
3 1800s Church History
1 General & Introductory
1 1800s Survey of Religious Movements
2 1800s Culture in Relation to Christianity & Church.
3 Intercourse & Negotiations between Churches.
2 Protestantism in General
1 Rationalism & Pietism
2 Evangelical Union & Lutheran Separation.
3 Evangelical Confederation.
4 Lutheranism, Melanchthonianism, & Calvinism.
5 "Protestantenverein."
6 Disputes about Forms of Worship.
7 Protestant Theology in Germany.
8 Home Missions.
9 Foreign Missions.
3 Catholicism in General
1 Papacy & States of Church.
2 Various Orders & Associations.
3 Liberal Catholic Movements.
4 Catholic Ultramontanism.
5 Vatican Council.
6 Old Catholics.
7 Catholic Theology, especially in Germany.
3 1800s Church History
4 Relation of Church to Empire & States
1 German Confederation.
2 Prussia.
3 North German smaller States.
4 Bavaria.
5 South German Smaller States & Rhenish Alsace & Lorraine.
6 so-called Kulturkampf in German Empire.
7 Austria-Hungary.
8 Switzerl & .
9 Holl & & Belgium.
10 Scandinavian Countries.
11 Great Britain & Irel & .
12 France.
13 Italy.
14 Spain & Portugal.
15 Russia.
16 Greece & Turkey.
17 United States of America.
18 Roman Catholic States of South America.
5 Opponents of Church & Christianity
1 Sectarians & Enthusiasts in Roman Catholic & Orthodox Russian Domains.
2 Sectaries & Enthusiasts in Protestant Domain.
3 Antichristian Socialism & Communism. Chronological Tables.
13 1911 War Upon Religion Being an Account of Rise & Progress of Anti-christianism in Europe by Cunningham, Francis A. (Francis Aloysius) 125,070W 500 8:00
1 EARLIER CRISES
1 Influence of Reformation
2 Jansenism
3 Abbey of Port Royal
4 Quesnel
5 Bull "Unigenitus"
6 Destructive Influence of Jansenism
7 Not Quite Extinguished Even Yet
8 Quietism
9 Molinos & Madame Guyon
10 Louis 14 & Gallicanism
11 Gallican Liberties
12 Resistance to Them
13 Gallicanism One of Chief Causes of Anti-Christianism in France
14 Van Espen & Pseudo-Canonists
15 Johannes von Hontheim, Known as Febronius
16 His Hostility to Papal Supremacy
17 Scipio di Ricci
18 Congress of Ems
19 Joseph 2 of Austria & Josephine Schism
20 Suppression of Society of Jesus
21 Sophists
22 Voltaire & Encyclopaedists
23 Freemasonry
24 Neo-Paganism
2 FRENCH REVOLUTION
1 Immediate Causes
2 States General
3 Confiscation of Church Property
4 Persecution of Religious Orders
5 Civil Constitution
6 Sorrow of Pope Pius 6
7 His Condemnation of Civil Constitution
8 Constituent Assembly
9 Massacres of September
10 Convention
11 Changing Calendar
12 Persecution of Catholics
13 Reign of Terror
14 Goddess of Reason
15 Worship of Supreme Being
16 Council of 500, or Directory
17 Arrest & Exile of Pope Pius 6
18 Death of Pontiff in France
3 OPENING OF 1800s
1 1800s State of France at Beginning of
2 Conclave of Venice
3 Cardinal Chiaramonti Elected Pope Pius 7
4 Sketch of His Life
5 Cardinal Consalvi
6 Napoleon Makes Proposals of Peace With Pope
7 Preliminary Deliberations for Concordat
8 Diplomacy of Cardinal Consalvi
9 Concordat Signed & Ratified
10 Text of Concordat
11 Organic Articles
12 They Are Repudiated by Pope
13 Case of Jerome Bonaparte
14 Coronation of Napoleon
15 Emperor Becomes a Persecutor
16 Excommunication of Napoleon
17 Arrest of Pope Pius 7
18 His Imprisonment at Savona
19 Council of Paris
20 Pope is Imprisoned at Fontainebleau
21 Defeat of Napoleon
22 Triumphant Return of Pius 7 to Rome
4 ANTI-CHRISTIANISM IN ROME.
1 Holy Alliance
2 Carbonari
3 Mazzini & Young Italy
4 Hostile Congresses
5 Accession of Pope Pius 9
6 Generous Dispositions of Holy Father
7 1848
8 Flight of Pope
9 Garibaldi
10 Rome Retaken by Papal Allies
11 Conspiracy Against Holy See
12 Iniquities of Piedmont
13 Hypocrisy of Napoleon 3
14 Usurpation of Victor Emmanuel
15 1870 Fall of Rome
16 Accession of Leo 13
17 Leo 13 & Labor
18 Accession of Pius 10
19 Modernism
20 Methodist in Rome
21 Insult of Mayor Nathan
22 Character of Pope Pius 10
5 KULTURKAMPF IN GERMANY
1 Causes
2 Liberalism of Rationalists
3 Liberalism of Pseudo-Catholics
4 Günther
5 Frohschammer
6 Doellinger
7 Desire for Protestant Ascendancy
8 Hatred for Catholic Nations
9 Determination of Caesarism to Reduce All Religion to Domination of State
10 Men
11 Bismarck
12 Bishop Ketteler
13 Windthorst
14 Malincrodt
15 Centre Party
16 Laws of Hate
17 May Laws
18 Courage of Bishops
19 War of Violence
20 Turn of Tide
21 Reconciliation
6 3RD REPUBLIC
1 Franco-Prussian War
2 1870 Commune
3 Its Victims
4 Establishment of 3rd Republic
5 Beginning of War on Church
6 Gambetta
7 Paul Bert
8 Jules Ferry
9 1880 War on Religious Orders
10 Irreligious Education
11 Secularization of Schools
12 Peaceful Advances of Pope Leo 13
13 Anarchy & Socialism Gaining Ground
14 Affair of Dreyfus
15 1800s France at End of
7 WAR ON RELIGIOUS ORDERS
1 Beginning of War
2 Cabinet of Freemasons
3 Waldeck-Rousseau
4 1901 Associations Law
5 Its Hypocritical Character
6 Suppression of Congregations
7 Combes
8 Closing of Religious Establishments
9 Expulsion of Monks & Nuns
10 Character of Combes
11 Early Attempts at Separation
12 Affair of "Nobis Nominavit
13 Bishops of Laval & Dijon
14 Visit of President Loubet to Rome
15 Rupture of Diplomatic Relations With Rome
16 Discussion Upon Separation Law
17 Speech of M. Ribot
18 Separation Law Passed
19 Its Chief Measures
20 Sufferings of Catholics
21 Associations of Worship Condemned by Holy See
22 Liquidation of Ecclesiastical Property
23 School Question in France
8 TROUBLES IN SPAIN
1 Accession of Ferdin & 7
2 Apostolics & Liberals
3 Disaffection of Ferdin &
4 Carlist War
5 Hatred of Jesuits
6 Atrocities of Espartero
7 Pope Protests
8 Papal Encyclical
9 Balmes & Cortes
10 1851 Concordat
11 Attempt on Life of Queen
12 1854 Revolution
13 Persecution & Calumny
14 Protests of Holy See
15 Espartero Fails
16 1867 Campaign
17 Trickery of Napoleon 3
18 Spain a Republic
19 Persecution of Catholics
20 Amadeus of Savoy
21 1873 Republic
22 Castillo
23 Canovas in Power
24 1900s
25 Canalejas
26 Ferrer & Barcelona Riots
9 CRISIS IN PORTUGAL
1 Old Glories of Portugal
2 Pombal Infamous
3 Portugal & Napoleon
4 English Influence
5 Dom Pedro
6 Maria da Gloria & Dom Miguel
7 1833 Revolution
8 Present Time
9 Assassination of Carlos 1
10 Revolution Always Active
11 Young King a Victim of Conspirators
12 1910 Revolution
13 Violence Against Religious & Clergy Generally
14 Letter of Jesuit Provincial
15 Spoliation
16 Treatment of Prisoners
17 Outlawed & Exiled
18 Charges & Their Answers
19 Armaments & Subterranean Galleries
20 Alleged Wealth of Jesuits
21 Another Charge
22 Alleged Secret Association
23 Charge of Political Activity
24 Reactionary Influence
31 859 Ancient Church Its History, Doctrine, Worship, & Constitution by Killen, W. D. (William Dool) 235,177W 941 15:41
1 FROM BIRTH OF CHRIST TO DEATH OF APOSTLE JOHN 100 AD
1 HISTORY OF PLANTING & GROWTH OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1 ROMAN EMPIRE AT TIME OF BIRTH OF CHRIST
1 boundaries of Empire, 3
2 Its population, strength, & grandeur
3 Its orators, poets, & philosophers, 5
4 influence of Rome upon provinces
5 languages most extensively spoken, 6
6 moral condition of Empire
7 influence of philosophical sects: Epicureans, the
8 Stoics, Academics, & Plato, 7
9 influence of current Polytheism, 9
10 state of Jews: Pharisees, Sadducees, & Essenes
11 Preparations for a great Deliverer, & expectation of His appearance, 11
2 LIFE OF CHRIST
1 date of Birth of Christ
2 place of His Birth
3 visit of angel to shepherds, 15
4 visit of Magi, flight into Egypt , murder of John Baptist
5 infants at Bethlehem
6 presentation in Temple, 16
7 infancy & boyhood of Jesus, 17
8 His baptism & entrance upon His public ministry, 18
9 His mysterious movements, 19
10 remarkable blanks in accounts given of Him in Gospels, 20
11 His moral purity, 21
12 His doctrine & His mode of teaching, 22
13 His miracles, 23
14 independence of His proceedings as a reformer, 25
15 length of His ministry, 26
16 Sanhedrim & Pontius Pilate, 27
17 Death of Christ, & its significance, 28
18 His Resurrection, & His appearance afterwards only to His own followers, 29
19 His Ascension, 30
20 His extraordinary character, 31
21 SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE on year of Birth of Christ, 32
31 2 & 70
1 Our Lord during His short ministry trained 82 preachers
21 2 & 70 36
3 Various names of some of 12, 37
4 Relationship of some of parties, 39
5 Original condition of 12
6 Various characteristics of 12, 40
7 12, why called Apostles, 42
8 Typical meaning of appointment of 12 & 70, 43
9 In what sense Apostles founded Church, 45
10 Why so little notice of 70 in New Testament, 46
11 No account of ordinations of pastors or elders by 12 & 70, 47
12 No succession from 12 & 70 can be traced, 48
13 In what sense 12 & 70 have no successors, & in what sense they have, 50
4 31 - 44 PROGRESS OF GOSPEL FROM DEATH OF CHRIST TO DEATH OF APOSTLE JAMES, BROTHER OF JOHN

1 successful preaching of Apostles in Jerusalem, 52

2 disciples have all things common, ib.
3 appointment of deacons, 54
4 Apostles refuse to obey rulers of Jews, 55
5 date of martyrdom of Stephen, ib.
6 gospel preached in Samaria, 56
7 baptism of Ethiopian eunuch, & Cornelius centurion, 57
8 conversion of Saul, his character, position, & sufferings, 59
9 His visit to Jerusalem, & vision, 62
10 His ministry in Syria & Cilicia, 63
11 His appearance at Antioch, ib.
12 Why disciples were called Christians, 64
13 Paul & Barnabas sent from Antioch with relief to poor saints in Judea, 65
14 Apostles leave Jerusalem
15 why no successor appointed on
16 death of James brother of John, 66
17 Why Paul taken up to Paradise, 68
5 44 - 51 ORDINATION OF PAUL & BARNABAS: THEIR MISSIONARY TOUR IN ASIA MINOR: & COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM
1 Previous position of Paul & Barnabas
2 Why now ordained
3 Import of ordination
4 By whom Paul & Barnabas were ordained
5 They visit Cyprus, Perga, Antioch in Pisidia, Iconium, & other places
6 Ordain elders in every Church
7 Opposition of Jews, & dangers of missionaries
8 Some insist on circumcision of Gentile converts, & are resisted by Paul
9 Why he objected to proposal
10 Deputation to Jerusalem about this question
11 Constituent members of Council of Jerusalem
12 Date of meeting
13 Not a popular assembly
14 In what capacity Apostles here acted
15 Why Council said "It seemed good to Holy Ghost & to us,"
16 decision
17 Why converts were required to abstain from blood & things strangled
18 Importance of decision
6 52 INTRODUCTION OF GOSPEL INTO EUROPE, & MINISTRY OF PAUL AT PHILIPPI

1 Date of Paul's 1st appearance in Europe

2 History of Philippi
3 Jewish Oratory there
4 Conversion of Lydia
5 damsel with spirit of divination
6 Paul & Silas before magistrates
7 Causes of early persecutions
8 Paul & Silas in prison
9 Earthquake & alarm of jailer
10 Remarkable conversion of jailer
11 Alarm of magistrates
12 Liberality of Philippians
7 52 - 4 MINISTRY OF PAUL IN THESSALONICA, BEREA, ATHENS, & CORINTH
1 Thessalonica & its rulers
2 more noble Bereans
3 Athens & its ancient glory
4 Paul's appearance among philosophers
5 His speech on Mars' Hill
6 Altar to unknown God
7 Epicureans & Stoics
8 resurrection of body, a strange doctrine 106
9 Conversion of Dionysius Areopagite,
10 Corinth in 1st century
11 Paul's success here
12 Works at trade of a tent-maker
13 Corinth a centre of missionary operation
14 Corinthian Church, & its character
15 Opposition of Jews, & conduct of Proconsul Gallio
16 Paul writes 1st & 2nd Epistles to Thessalonians
8 54 - 7 CONVERSION OF APOLLOS: HIS CHARACTER: & MINISTRY OF PAUL IN EPHESUS
1 Paul's 1st visit to Ephesus
2 Aquila & Priscilla instruct Apollos
3 Position of Jews in Alexandria
4 Gifts of Apollos
5 Ministry of Apollos in Corinth
6 Paul returns to Ephesus, & disputes in school of Tyrannus
7 Epistle to Galatians
8 Paul's visit to Crete, & perils in sea
9 Churches founded at Colosse & elsewhere
10 Temple of Diana at Ephesus, & Ephesian letters
11 Apollonius of Tyana, & Paul's miracles
12 1st Epistle to Corinthians
13 Demetrius & craftsmen
14 Asiarchs & town-clerk
15 Progress of gospel in Ephesus
9 57 - 63 PAUL'S EPISTLES: HIS COLLECTION FOR POOR SAINTS AT JERUSALEM: HIS IMPRISONMENT THERE, & AT CAESAREA & ROME

1 Paul preaches in Macedonia & Illyricum

2 Writes 1st Epistle to Timothy, & 2nd Epistle to Corinthians
3 Arrives in Corinth, & writes Epistle to Romans
4 Sets out on his return to Jerusalem: &, when at Miletus, sends to Ephesus for elders of Church
5 collection for poor saints of Jerusalem carried by 7 commissioners
6 Riot when Paul appeared in Temple at Jerusalem
7 Paul rescued by chief captain & made a prisoner
8 Paul before Sanhedrim
9 Removed to Caesarea
10 Paul before Felix & Festus
11 Appeals to Caesar
12 His defence before Agrippa
13 His voyage to Rome, & shipwreck
14 His arrival in Italy
15 Greatness & luxury of Rome
16 Paul preaches in his own hired house
17 His zeal, labours, & success
18 Writes to Philemon, to Colossians, Ephesians, & Philippians
10 PAUL'S 2ND IMPRISONMENT, & MARTYRDOM: PETER, HIS EPISTLES, HIS MARTYRDOM, & ROMAN CHURCH
1 Evidences of Paul's release from his 1st Roman imprisonment
2 His visit to Spain
3 Writes Epistle to Hebrews
4 Revisits Jerusalem, & returns to Rome
5 His 2nd Roman imprisonment
6 Writes 2nd Epistle to Timothy
7 Date of his martyrdom, 156
8 Peter's arrival in Rome, ib.
9 His 1st Epistle written from Rome
10 Why Rome called Babylon
11 Peter writes his 2nd Epistle
12 His testimony to inspiration of Paul
13 His martyrdom
14 Circumstances which, at an early period, gave prominence to Church of Rome
15 Its remarkable history
11 PERSECUTIONS OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH, & ITS CONDITION AT TERMINATION OF 1ST CENTURY
1 Jews at 1st chief persecutors of Church
2 Their banishment from Rome by Claudius
3 Martyrdom of James Just
4 Why Christians so much persecuted
5 Persecution of Nero, ib.
6 general persecution
7 Effect of fall of Jerusalem
8 Persecution of Domitian
9 grandchildren of Jude
10 Flavius Clemens & Flavia Domitilla
11 John banished to Patmos
12 His last days, & death
13 State of Christian interest towards close of 1st century
14 Spread of gospel
15 Practical power of Christianity
   
2 LITERATURE & THEOLOGY OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1 NEW TESTAMENT, ITS HISTORY, & AUTHORITY OF ITS VARIOUS PARTS. EPISTLE OF CLEMENT OF ROME
1 Why our Lord wrote nothing Himself
2 order in which Gospels appeared
3 Internal marks of truthfulness & originality in writings of Evangelists
4 Acts of Apostles treat chiefly of acts of Peter & Paul
5 On what principle Epistles of Paul arranged in New Testament
6 titles of sacred books not appended by Apostles or Evangelists, & postscripts of Epistles of Paul not added by himself, & often not trustworthy
7 dates of Catholic Epistles
8 authenticity of various parts of New Testament, ib. Doubts respecting Epistle to Hebrews, & some of smaller Epistles, & Apocalypse
9 Division of New Testament into chapters & verses
10 All, in primitive times, were invited & required to study Scriptures
11 autographs of sacred penmen not necessary to prove inspiration of their writings
12 Epistle of Clement to Corinthians
13 truth of New Testament established by all proper tests which can be applied
2 DOCTRINE OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1 Same system of doctrine in Old & New Testaments
2 New Testament complement of Old
3 views of Apostles at 1st obscure
4 New light received after resurrection
5 In New Testament a full statement of apostolic doctrine
6 Sufficiency & plenary inspiration of Scripture
7 State of man by nature, 192 Faith & Word
8 All doctrines of Bible form one system
9 Deity of Christ
10 Incarnation & Atonement
11 Predestination
12 Trinity
13 Creeds
14 Practical tendency of apostolic doctrine
3 HERESIES OF APOSTOLIC AGE
1 Original meaning of word Heresy
2 How word came to signify something wrong, 201
3 Judaizers earliest errorists
4 Views of Gnostics respecting present world, body of Christ, & resurrection of body
5 Simon Magus & other heretics mentioned in New Testament
6 Carpocrates, Cerinthus, & Ebion
7 Nicolaitanes
8 Peculiarities of Jewish, sectarianism
9 Unity of apostolic Church not much affected by heretics
10 Heresy convicted by its practical results
4 WORSHIP & CONSTITUTION OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1 LORD'S DAY: WORSHIP OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH: ITS SYMBOLIC ORDINANCES, & ITS DISCIPLINE
1 Christians assembled for worship on 1st day of week
2 Our Lord recognized permanent obligation of 4th Commandment
3 Worship of Church resembled, not that of Temple, but that of Synagogue
4 No Liturgies in apostolic Church
5 No instrumental music
6 Scriptures read publicly
7 Worship in vulgar tongue
8 Ministers had no official dress
9 Baptism administered to infants
10 Mode of Baptism
11 Lord's Supper frequently administered
12 elements not believed to be transubstantiated
13 Profane excluded from Eucharist
14 Cases of discipline decided by Church rulers
15 Case of Corinthian fornicator, ib.
16 Share of people in Church discipline
17 Significance of excommunication in apostolic Church
18 Perversion of excommunication by Church of Rome
2 EXTRAORDINARY TEACHERS OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH: & ITS ORDINARY OFFICE-BEARERS, THEIR APPOINTMENT, & ORDINATION
1 Enumeration of ecclesiastical functionaries in Ephesians iv. 11, 12, & 1 Corinthians
2 Ordinary Church officers, teachers, rulers, & deacons
3 Elders, or bishops, same as pastors & teachers
4 Different duties of elders & deacons
5 All primitive elders did not preach
6 office of teaching elder most honourable
7 Even Apostles considered preaching their highest function
8 Timothy & Titus not diocesan bishops of Ephesus & Crete
9 Pastoral Epistles inculcate all duties of ministers of Word
10 Ministers of Word should exercise no lordship over each other
11 members of apostolic Churches elected all their own office-bearers
12 Church officers ordained by presbytery
13 office of deaconess
14 All members of apostolic Churches taught to contribute to each other's edification
3 ORGANIZATION OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1 Unity of Church of Israel
2 Christian Church also made up of associated congregations
3 Apostles act upon principle of ecclesiastical confederation
4 Polity of Christian Church borrowed from institutions of Israelites
5 Account of Sanhedrim & inferior Jewish courts
6 Evidences of similar arrangements in Christian Church
7 How meeting mentioned in 15th chapter of Acts differed in its construction from Sanhedrim
8 Why we have not a more particular account of government of Christian Church in New Testament
9 No higher & lower houses of convocation in apostolic Church
10 James not bishop of Jerusalem
11 Origin of story
12 Jerusalem for some time stated place of meeting of highest court of Christian Church
13 Traces of provincial organization in Proconsular Asia, Galatia, & other districts, among apostolic Churches
14 Intercourse between apostolic Churches, by letters & deputations
15 How there were preachers in apostolic Church of whom Apostles disapproved
16 unity of apostolic Church
17 in what it consisted, to what it may be compared
4 ANGELS OF 7 CHURCHES
1 mysterious symbols of Apocalypse
27 stars 7 angels
3 These angels not angelic beings, & not corporate bodies, but individuals
4 name angel probably not taken from that of an officer of synagogue
5 angel of synagogue a congregational officer
6 angels of Churches not diocesan bishops
7 stars, not attached to candlesticks, but in h & of Christ,
8 angels of Churches were their messengers sent to visit John in Patmos
9 Why only 7 angels named
2 DEATH OF APOSTLE JOHN TO CONVERSION OF CONSTANTINE 100 - 312
1 CATHOLIC SYSTEM
1 History of word Catholic
2 Circumstances in which system originated
3 bishop centre of unity for his district
4 Principal or apostolic Churches: their position
5 Church of Rome more potentially principal
6 How communion maintained among Churches
7 Early jealousy towards bishop of Rome
8 Catholic system identified with Rome
9 Why Apostle Peter everywhere so highly exalted
10 Roman bishops sought to work out idea of unity
11 Theory of Catholic system fallacious
12 How Rome antitype of Babylon
2 PRIMITIVE EPISCOPACY & PRESBYTERIAN ORDINATION
1 Where Christians formed only a single congregation Episcopacy made little change
2 bishop parish minister
3 Every one who could might preach if bishops permitted
4 Bishops thickly planted, all of equal rank, greatest had very limited jurisdiction
5 Ecclesiastics often engaged in secular pursuits
6 Alexandrian presbyters made their bishops
7 When this practice ceased
8 Alexandrian bishops not originally ordained by imposition of hands
9 Roman presbyters & others made their bishops
10 bishop presiding elder: early Roman bishops so called
11 Bishops of order of presbytery
12 All Christian ministers originally ordained by presbyters
13 A bishop ordained by a bishop & a presbyter
14 Difference between ancient & modern bishops
3 PROGRESS OF PRELACY
1 Power of president of a court
2 Power of ecclesiastical president increased when elected by people
3 superior wealth of bishop added to his influence
4 Appointment of lectors, sub-deacons, acolyths, exorcists, & janitors
5 These new offices first appeared in Rome
6 Bishops began to appoint church officers without consulting people
7 New canons relative to ordination
8 Presbyters ceased to inaugurate bishops
9 Presbyters continued to ordain presbyters & deacons
10 Country bishops deprived of right to ordain
11 Account of their degradation
12 Rise of metropolitans
13 Circumstances which added to power of city bishops
14 One bishop in each province at head of rest
15 Jealousies & contentions of city bishops
16 Great change in Church, in 2 centuries
17 Reasons why establishment of metropolitans so much opposed
4 SYNODS THEIR HISTORY & CONSTITUTION
1 Apostles sought, 1st, conversion of sinners, & then edification of their converts
2 No general union of Churches originally
3 But intercourse in various ways maintained
4 150s Synods did not commence until
5 part of original constitution of Church
6 At 1st held on a limited scale, 609
7 Reason why we have no account of early Synods
8 1st notice of Synods, 610
9 Synods held respecting Paschal controversy, 611
10 Found in operation everywhere before 200
11 Tertullian does not say that Synods commenced in Greece
12 Why he notices Greek Synods
13 Amphictyonic Council did not suggest establishment of Synods
14 Synods originally met only once a-year
15 Began to meet in fixed places in Greece & Asia Minor
16 300ish Met twice a-year
17 Synods in 3rd century respecting re-baptism
18 Synods at Antioch respecting Paul of Samosata
19 Early Synods composed of bishops & elders
20 Deacons & laymen had no right of voting
21 Churches not originally independent
22 Utility of Synods
23 Circumstances which led to a change in their constitution
24 Decline of primitive polity
5 CEREMONIES & DISCIPLINE OF CHURCH, AS ILLUSTRATED BY CURRENT CONTROVERSIES & DIVISIONS
1 rise of Nazarenes
2 Lessons taught by their history
3 Paschal controversy & Victor's excommunication
4 Danger of depending on tradition
5 Institution of Easter unnecessary
6 tickets of peace & schism of Felicissimus
7 Schism of Novatian
8 Controversy respecting baptism of heretics, & Stephen's excommunication
9 Uniformity in discipline & ceremonies not to be found in ancient Church
10 Increasing intolerance of dominant party in this Church
6 THEORY OF CHURCH & HISTORY OF ITS PERVERSION: CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS
1 Church invisible & its attributes
2 visible Church & its defects
3 holy Catholic Church: what it meant
4 Church visible & Church invisible confounded
5 Evils of Catholic system
6 Establishment of an odious ecclesiastical monopoly
7 Pastors began to be called priests
8 Arrogant assumptions of bishops
9 Catholic system encouraged bigotry
10 Its ungenerous spirit
11 claims of Word of God not properly recognized
12 Many corruptions already in Church
13 establishment of hierarchy a gr & mistake
14 Only promoted outward, not real unity
15 Sad state of Church when Catholicism was fully developed
16 Evangelical unity: in what it consists
1 HISTORY OF CHURCH
1 GROWTH OF CHURCH
1 Prospects of Church in beginning of 2nd century
2 Christianity recommended by its good fruits
3 Diffusion of Scriptures & preparation of versions in other languages
4 Doubtful character of miracles attributed to this period
5 Remarkable progress of gospel
6 Christianity propagated in Africa, France, Thrace, & Scotl &
7 Testimonies to its success
8 Gains ground rapidly towards close of 200s
9 Its progress, how to be tested
2 PERSECUTIONS OF CHURCH
1 Spectators impressed by sufferings of Christians
2 blood of martyrs seed of Church
3 Persecution promoted purity of Church
4 Christian graces gloriously displayed in times of persecution
5 Private sufferings of Christians
6 How far Romans acted on a principle of toleration
7 Christianity opposed as a "new religion,"
8 Correspondence between Pliny & Trajan
9 Law of Trajan
10 Martyrdom of Simeon of Jerusalem
11 Sufferings of Christians under Hadrian
12 Hadrian's rescript
13 Marcus Aurelius a persecutor
14 Justin & Polycarp martyred
15 Persecution at Lyons & Vienne
16 Absurd passion for martyrdom
17 Treatment of Christians by Septimius Severus
18 Libellatici & Thurificati
19 Perpetua & Felicitas martyred
20 Alexander Severus & Philip Arabian favourable to Christians
21 Persecution under Decius
22 Persecution under Valerian
23 Gallienus issues an edict of toleration
24 260 - 300 State of Church
25 Diocletian persecution
26 Traditors
27 Cruelties now practised
28 Not ten general persecutions
29 Deaths of persecutors
30 Causes of persecutions
31 sufferings of Christians did not teach them toleration
3 FALSE BRETHREN & FALSE PRINCIPLES IN CHURCH: SPIRIT & CHARACTER OF CHRISTIANS
1 Piety of early Christians not superior to that of all succeeding ages
2 Covetous & immoral pastors in ancient Church
3 Asceticism & its pagan origin
4 unmarried clergy & virgins
5 Paul & Antony 1st hermits
6 Origin of use of sign of cross
7 Opposition of Christians to image-worship
8 Image-makers condemned
9 Objections of Christians to theatre, gladiatorial shows, & other public spectacles
10 Superior morality of mass of early Christians
11 How they treated question of polygamy
12 Condemned intermarriages with heathens
13 How they dealt with question of slavery
14 Influence of Christianity on condition of slave
15 Brotherly love of Christians
16 Their kindness to distressed heathens
17 Christianity fitted for all mankind
4 100s CHURCH OF ROME
1 Weak historical foundation of Romanism
2 Church of Rome not founded by either Paul or Peter
3 Its probable origin
4 Little known of its primitive condition
5 Its early episcopal succession a riddle
6 Martyrdom of Telesphorus
7 Heresiarchs in Rome
8 Its presiding presbyter called bishop, & invested with additional power
9 Beginning of Catholic system
10 Changes in ecclesiastical constitution not accomplished without opposition
11 Visit of Polycarp to Rome
12 Why so much deference so soon paid to Roman Church
13 Wealth & influence of its members
14 Remarkable testimony of Irenaeus respecting it
15 Under what circumstances given
16 Victor's excommunication of Asiatic Christians
17 Extent of Victor's jurisdiction
18 Explanation of his arrogance
19 1st fruits of Catholic system
5 CHURCH OF ROME IN 3RD CENTURY
1 Genuine letters of early bishops of Rome & false Decretal epistles
2 Discovery of statue of Hippolytus & of his "Philosophumena,"
3 Roman bishops Zephyrinus & Callistus
4 Heresy of Zephyrinus
5 Extraordinary career & heresy of Callistus
6 bishop of Rome not a metropolitan in time of Hippolytus
7 Bishops of Rome chosen by votes of clergy & people
8 Remarkable election of Fabian, ib.
9 Discovery of catacombs
10 Origin of catacombs, & how used by Christians of Rome
11 testimony of their inscriptions
12 ancient Roman clergy married
13 250s Severity of persecution at Rome
14 4 Roman bishops martyred
15 Statistics of Roman Church about this period
16 Schism of Novatian
17 Controversy respecting rebaptism of heretics, & rashness of Stephen, bishop of Rome
18 Misinterpretation of Matt
19 Increasing power of Roman bishop
20 bishop of Rome becomes a metropolitan, & is recognized by Emperor Aurelian
21 Early Roman bishops spoke & wrote in Greek
22 Obscurity of their early annals
23 Advancement of their power during 2nd & 3rd centuries
24 Causes of their remarkable progress
2 LITERATURE & THEOLOGY OF CHURCH
1 ECCLESIASTICAL WRITERS
1 amount of their extant writings
2 Epistle of Polycarp
3 Justin Martyr, his history & his works
4 Epistle to Diognetus
5 Tatian, Athenagoras, Theophilus, & Hermas
6 Epistle of Barnabas & Shepherd of Hermas
7 Papias & Hegesippus
8 Irenaeus & his Works
9 Tertullian, his character & writings
10 Clement of Alexandria
11 Hippolytus
12 Minucius Felix
1 Origen
2 early history & remarkable career
3 great learning
4 speculative spirit
5 treatise against Celsus & "Hexapla"
6 theological peculiarities
13 Cyprian, his training, character, & writings
14 Gregory Thaumaturgus
15 value of Fathers as ecclesiastical authorities
16 Their erroneous & absurd expositions
17 excellency of Scripture
2 IGNATIAN EPISTLES & THEIR CLAIMS: EXTERNAL EVIDENCE
1 journeys undertaken in search of Ignatian Epistles, & amount of literature to which they have given birth
2 Why these letters have awakened such interest
3 story of Ignatius & its difficulties
4 7 Epistles known to Eusebius & those which appeared afterwards
5 different recensions of 7 Letters known to Eusebius
6 discovery of Syriac version
7 Diminished size of Curetonian Letters
8 testimony of Eusebius considered
9 testimony of Origen
10 Ignatian Epistles not recognised by Irenaeus or Polycarp
11 These letters not known to Tertullian, Hippolytus, & other early writers
12 date of their fabrication.
13 Their multiplication accounted for
14 Remarkable that spurious works are often found in more than one edition
3 IGNATIAN EPISTLES & THEIR CLAIMS: INTERNAL EVIDENCE
1 history of these Epistles like story of Sibylline books
23 Curetonian Letters as objectionable as those formerly published
3 style suspicious, challenged by Ussher
4 Word of God strangely ignored in these letters
5 Their chronological blunders betray their forgery
6 Various words in them have a meaning which they did not acquire until after time of Ignatius
7 Their puerilities, vapouring, & mysticism betray their spuriousness
8 anxiety for martyrdom displayed in them attests their forgery
9 internal evidence confirms view already taken of date of their fabrication
10 Strange attachment of Episcopalians to these letters
11 sagacity of Calvin
4 GNOSTICS, MONTANISTS, & MANICHAEANS
1 early heresies numerous
2 systems with which Christianity had to struggle
3 leading peculiarities of Gnosticism
4 Aeons, Demiurge, & Saviour
5 Saturninus, Basilides, & Valentine
6 Marcion & Carpocrates
7 Causes of popularity of Gnosticism, & its defects
8 Montanus & his system
9 His success & condemnation
10 Mani & his doctrine of 2 Principles
11 Elect & Hearers of Manichaeans
12 Martyrdom of Mani
13 Peculiarities of heretics gradually adopted by Catholic Church
14 Doctrine of Venial & Mortal Sins
15 Doctrine of Purgatory
16 Celibacy & Asceticism
5 DOCTRINE OF CHURCH
1 Leading doctrines of gospel still acknowledged
2 Meaning of theological terms not yet exactly defined
3 Scripture venerated & studied
4 Extraordinary scriptural acquirements of some of early Christians
5 Doctrine of Plenary Inspiration of Scripture taught
6 canon of New Testament
7 Spurious scriptures & tradition
8 Human Depravity & Regeneration
9 Christ worshipped by early Christians
10 Christ God & man
11 Ebionites, Theodotus, Artemon, & Paul of Samosata
12 Doctrine of Trinity
13 Praxeas, Noetus, & Sabellius
14 Doctrine of Trinity not borrowed from Platonism
15 Atonement & Justification by Faith
16 Grace & Predestination
17 Theological errors
18 Our knowledge of gospel does not depend on our proximity to days of Apostles
3 WORSHIP & CONSTITUTION OF CHURCH
1 WORSHIP OF CHURCH
1 Splendour of Pagan & Jewish worship, simplicity of Christian worship
2 places of worship of early Christians
3 Psalmody of Church
4 No instrumental music
5 No forms of prayer used by early pastors
6 Congregation stood at prayer
7 Worship, how conducted
8 Scriptures read in public worship
9 manner of preaching
10 Deportment of congregation
11 Dress of ministers
12 Great change between this & 16th century
2 BAPTISM
1 Polycarp probably baptized in infancy
2 Testimony of Justin Martyr & Irenaeus for Infant Baptism
3 Testimony of Origen
4 Objections of Tertullian examined
5 Sponsors in Baptism, who they were
6 Baptism of Blood
7 Infant Baptism universal in Africa in days of Cyprian
8 mode of Baptism not considered essential
9 Errors respecting Baptism, & new rites added to original institution
10 Baptismal Service germ of a Church Liturgy
11 Evils connected with corruption of baptismal institute
3 LORD'S SUPPER
1 Danger of changing any part of a typical ordinance
2 How Holy Supper was administered in Rome in 2nd century
3 posture of communicants: sitting & standing
4 bread not unleavened,
5 Wine mixed with water
6 Bread not put into mouth by minister
7 Infant communion
8 How often Lord's Supper celebrated
9 words Sacrament & Transubstantiation
10 Bread & wine types or symbols, ib.
11 How Christ is present in Eucharist
12 Growth of superstition in regard to Eucharist
13 Danger of using language not warranted by Scripture
4 CONFESSION & PENANCE
1 Confession often made at Baptism by disciples of John Baptist, & of Christ
2 early converts forthwith baptized
3 In 2nd century fasting preceded Baptism
4 exomologesis of penitents
5 Influence of mind on body, & body on mind
6 Fasting not an ordinary duty
7 Fasts of ancient Church, ib.
8 Fasting soon made a test of repentance
9 ancient penitential discipline
10 Establishment of a Penitentiary
11 Different classes of penitents
12 Auricular confession now unknown
13 Increasing spiritual darkness leads to confusion of terms
5 100s CONSTITUTION OF CHURCH
1 Statement of Justin Martyr
2 Great obscurity resting on subject
3 Illustrated by Epistles of Clement & Polycarp
4 Circumstances which led to writing of Clement's Epistle
5 Churches of Corinth & Borne then governed by presbyters
6 Churches of Smyrna & Philippi governed by presbyters
7 presbyters had a chairman or president
8 Traces of this in apostolic age
9 Early catalogues of bishops: their origin & contradictions
10 senior presbyter ancient president
11 Testimony of Hilary confirmed by various proofs
12 Ancient names of president of presbytery
13 Great age of ancient bishops
14 Great number of ancient bishops in a given period
15 Remarkable case of Church of Jerusalem
16 No parallel to it in more recent times
17 Argument against heretics from episcopal succession illustrated
18 claims of seniority long respected in various ways
19 power of presiding presbyter limited, for Church was still governed by common council of presbyters
20 Change of law of seniority
21 199 Change made
22 199 Singular that many episcopal lists stop
23 Before that date only one bishop in Egypt
24 In some places another system set up earlier
6 RISE OF HIERARCHY CONNECTED WITH SPREAD OF HERESIES
1 Eusebius. defects of his Ecclesiastical History
2 Superior erudition of Jerome
3 His account of origin of Prelacy
4 Prelacy originated after apostolic age
5 Suggested by distractions of Church
6 Formidable & vexatious character of early heresies
7 Mode of appointing president of eldership changed
8 Popular election of bishops, how introduced
9 various statements of Jerome consistent
10 primitive moderator & bishop contrasted
11 How decree relative to a change in ecclesiastical constitution adopted throughout whole world
7 PRELACY BEGINS IN ROME
1 Comparative length of lives of early bishops of Rome
2 Observations relative to a change in organization of Roman Church in time of Hyginus
1 statement of Hilary will account for increased average in length of episcopal life
2 testimony of Jerome cannot otherwise be explained
3 Hilary indicates that constitution of Church was changed about this period
4 At this time such an arrangement must naturally have suggested itself to Roman Christians
5 violent death of Telesphorus fitted to prepare way for it
6 influence of Rome would recommend its adoption
7 A vacancy which occurred after death of Hyginus accords with this view. Valentine a candidate for Roman bishopric
8 letters of Pius to Justus corroborate this view
9 It is sustained by fact that word bishop now began to be applied to presiding elder
10 Pontifical Book remarkably confirms it: Not strange that history speaks so little of this change
3 Little alteration at 1st apparent in general aspect of Church in consequence of adoption of new principle
4 Facility with which change could be accomplished
5 Polycarp probably dissatisfied with new arrangements
6 Change, in all likelihood, not much opposed
7 Many presbyters, as well as people, would be favourable to it
8 new system gradually spread
15 1900 A Short History of Monks & Monasteries by Wishart, Alfred Wesley 92,439W 370 6:10
1 MONASTICISM IN EAST
1 Hermits of Egypt
2 Pillar Saint
3 Cenobites of East
2 340 - 480 MONASTICISM IN WEST: ANTE-BENEDICTINE MONKS
1 Monasticism & Women
2 Spread of Monasticism in Europe
3 Disorders & Oppositions
3 BENEDICTINES
1 Rules of Benedict
2 Struggle Against Barbarism
3 Spread of Benedictine Rule
4 REFORMED & MILITARY ORDERS
1 Military Religious Orders
5 MENDICANT FRIARS
1 1182 - 1226 Francis Bernardone,
2 Franciscan Orders
3 Dominic de Guzman
4 Dominican Orders
5 Success of Mendicant Orders
6 Decline of Mendicants
6 SOCIETY OF JESUS
1 1491 - 1556 Ignatius de Loyola
2 Constitution & Polity of Order
3 Vow of Obedience
4 Casuistry of Jesuits
5 Mission of Jesuits
6 Retrospect
7 FALL OF MONASTERIES
1 Character of Henry
8
1 Events Preceding Suppression
2 Monks & Oath of Supremacy
3 Royal Commissioners & their Methods of Investigation
4 Report of Commissioners
5 Action of Parliament
6 Effect of Suppression Upon People
7 Henry's Disposal of Monastic Revenues
8 Was Suppression Justifiable?
9 Results of Dissolution
9 CAUSES & IDEALS OF MONASTICISM
1 Causative Motives of Monasticism.
2 Beliefs Affecting Causative Motives.
3 Causes of Variations in Monasticism.
4 Fundamental Monastic Vows.
10 EFFECTS OF MONASTICISM
1 Effects of Self-Sacrifice Upon Individual.
2 Effects of Solitude Upon Individual.
3 Monks as Missionaries.
4 Monasticism & Civic Duties.
5 Agricultural Services of Monks.
6 Monks & Secular Learning.
7 Charity of Monks.
8 Monasticism & Religion.
2 4 1920 Landmarks in History of Early Christianity by Lake, Kirsopp 41,904W 168 2:48
1 GALILEE
1 history of Christianity as a series of syntheses
2 Jewish world
3 Kingdom of God
4 Repentance
5 teaching of Jesus as compared with his Jewish contemporaries 1
6 APPENDIX
1 Interpretation of Shepherd of Hermas 137
2 JERUSALEM
1 Synoptic Problem & Acts
2 Inspiration
3 Communism
4 Messianic doctrine
5 Christ
6 Son of Man
7 Son of God 36
3 ANTIOCH
1 spread of Christianity
2 Damascus
3 Hellenist missionaries
4 Paul's visit to Jerusalem
5 source criticism of Acts
6 traditions of Jerusalem & Antioch 57
4 CORINTH
1 Christianity as a Graeco-Oriental cult
2 Salvation
3 reasons for victory of Christianity
4 Jesus as an historic person
5 personality of Jesus
6 Fatherhood of God
7 Baptism
8 Immortality
5 ROME & EPHESUS
1 Paul's contribution
2 Adoptionism
3 Roman documents
4 Romans
5 Hebrews
6 1 Peter
7 1 Clement
8 Hermas
9 Baptism & repentance
10 Pre-existent Christology
11 later Epistles
12 4th Gospel
13 doctrine of Logos
14 Justin Martyr
15 Origen
4 1908 history of Christian church
by Samuel cheetham 1827 - 1908
230,000W 920 15:19:27 421M

5 339 history of Christian church
by eusebius 263 - 339
223,500W 894 14:53:43 409M

6 1914 History of Catholic Church from Renaissance to French Revolution - Volume 2
by MacCaffrey, James
150,599W 602 10:02
1 RELIGIOUS CONDITION OF ENGL & BEFORE REFORMATION
2 RELIGIOUS CHANGES UNDER HENRY 8 & EDWARD 6
3 1553 - 8 CATHOLIC REACTION IN REIGN OF QUEEN MARY
4 1558 - 1603 REIGN OF QUEEN ELIZABETH
5 1603 - 1750 CATHOLICISM IN ENGL &
6 REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND
7 RELIGION IN IREL & DURING 15TH CENTURY
8 1509 - 53 CHURCH IN IREL & DURING REIGNS OF HENRY 8 & EDWARD 6
9 1553 - 1603 CHURCH IN IREL & DURING REIGNS OF MARY & ELIZABETH
10 1604 - 89 CHURCH IN IREL & DURING REIGN OF STUARTS
11 PENAL LAWS
7 Foxe's Book of Martyrs Vol 2, A History of Lives, Sufferings, & Triumphant Deaths of Early Christian & Protestant Martyrs
by John FOXE 1516 - 1587 & William Byron FORBUSH 1868 - 1927
143,000W 572 9:31:52
8 1909 Popes & Science History of Papal Relations to Science During Middle Ages & Down to Our Own Time
by Walsh, James J. (James Joseph)
139,484W 558 9:18
9 1914 History of Catholic Church from Renaissance to French Revolution - Volume 1
by MacCaffrey, James
142, 598W 570 9:10
1 CAUSES OF REFORMATION
2 RELIGIOUS REVOLUTION
3 PROGRESS OF CALVINISM
4 COUNTER-REFORMATION
5 CATHOLIC MISSIONS
6 THEOLOGICAL CONTROVERSIES & STUDIES
7 AGE OF ABSOLUTISM & UNBELIEF
8 RATIONALISM & ITS EFFECTS
9 PAPACY
10 THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. RELIGIOUS LIFE.
10 1876 Gospels in Second Century An Examination of Critical Part of a Work Entitled 'Supernatural Religion'
by Sanday, William
138,334W 553 8:53
1 ON QUOTATIONS GENERALLY IN EARLY CHRISTIAN WRITERS 15
2 APOSTOLIC FATHERS 58
3 JUSTIN MARTYR 88
4 HEGESIPPUS-PAPIAS 138
5 CLEMENTINE HOMILIES 161
6 BASILIDES & VALENTINUS 188
7 MARCION 204
8 TATIAN DIONYSIUS OF CORINTH 238
9 MELITO APOLLINARIS ATHENAGORAS EPISTLE OF VIENNE & LYONS 244
10 PTOLEMAEUS & HERACLEON CELSUS MURATORIAN FRAGMENT 254
11 EXTERNAL EVIDENCE FOR 4TH GOSPEL 269
12 ON STATE OF CANON IN LAST QUARTER OF 2ND CENTURY 3'
13 SUPPLEMENTAL NOTE ON RECONSTRUCTION OF MARCION'S GOSPEL 362
11 Origins of Christianity
By Thomas WHITTAKER 1856 - 1935
124,750W 499 8:18:55
1 Biblical Criticism & its Verification
2 Church-State of Judea
3 Post-Biblical Eschatology of Jews
4 Alexandrian Judaism
5 Preparation for Gospel
6 Destruction of Jerusalem & its Consequences
7 Anti-Hellenic Reaction
8 Paulinism
9 Catholic Church
10 Later History of Paulinism
11 Philosophy Against Revealed Religion
12 1898 Christianity: Its Evidences, Its Origin, Its Morality, Its History
by Besant, Annie
121,227W 485 8:05
1 ITS EVIDENCES. ITS ORIGIN. ITS MORALITY. ITS HISTORY.
17 1815 New Conspiracy Against Jesuits Detected & Briefly Exposed with a short account of their institute: & observations on danger of systems of education independent of religion
by Dallas, R. C. (Robert Charles)
71,974W 288 4:48
1 CHAPTERS
1 Remarks on Objects of Author of "brief Account of Jesuits," & on his mode of conducting his Argument 5
2 Inquiry into Character of Authorities against Jesuits, & of those in favour of them: with a notice of some of Crimes imputed to them 23
3 Order of Jesuits, with prominent features of Institute 173
4 Character of Pombal. Summary Observations, & a brief notice of tendency & danger of Education independent of Religion 229
5 LETTERS OF CLERICUS 259
2 APPENDIX
1 Bull of Clement 13 335
2 Judgment of Bishops of France in favour of Jesuits 346
16 524 Consolation of Philosophy by Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius 480-524 78,500W 314 5:13:26 143M
1
1 Boethius' Complain
2 His Depondency
3 Mists Dispelled
4 Nothing Can Subdue Virtue
5 Boethius' Prayer
6 All Things Have Their Needful Order
7 Purturbations of Passion
2
1 Fortune's Malice
2 Man's Covetousness
3 All Passes
4 Golden Mean
5 Former Age
6 Nero's Infamy
7 Glory May Not Last
8 Love is Lord of All
3
1 Thorns of Error
2 Bent of Nature
3 Insatiableness of Avarice
4 Disgrace of Honors Conferred by Tyrant
5 Self Mastery
6 True Nobility
7 Plearure's Sting
8 Human Folly
9 Invocation
10 True Light
11 Reminiscence
12 Orpheus & Euredice
4
1 Soul's Flight
2 Bondage of Passion
3 Circe's Cup
4 Unreasonableness of Hatred
5 Wonder & Ignorance
6 Universal Aim
7 Hero's Path
5
1 Chance
2 True Sun
3 Truth's Paradoxes
4 Psychological Fallacy
5 Upward Look
6 Epilogue
18 1849 Sketches of Church History From A.D. 33 to Reformation
by Robertson, James Craigie 1813-1882
70,859W 283 4:43
1 ST. JUSTIN, MARTYR
2 ST. POLYCARP.
3 MARTYRS OF LYONS & VIENNE
4 TERTULLIAN, PERPETUA & HER COMPANIONS.
5 185 - 254 ORIGEN
6 FROM GALLIENUS TO END OF LAST PERSECUTION
7 374 - 397 ST. AMBROSE
8 391 TEMPLE OF SERAPI
9 CHURCH GOVERNMENT
10 CHRISTIAN WORSHIP
11 SCOTL & & IRELAND
12 496 CLOVIS
13 527 - 65 JUSTINIAN
14 NESTORIANS & MONOPHYSITES.
15 480 ST. BENEDICT
16 612 - 794 MAHOMETANISM, IMAGE WORSHIP
17 604 - 734 CHURCH IN ENGLAND
18 680 - 755 ST. BONIFACE
19 741 - 814 PIPIN & CHARLES GREAT
20 891 - 1046 STATE OF PAPACY
21 800s - 900s MISSIONS
22 POPE GREGORY 7
23 1091 - 1153 ST. BERNARD
24 1153 - 92 ADRIAN 4, ALEXANDER 3, BECKET, 3RD CRUSADE
25 1220 - 70 FREDERICK 2, ST. LEWIS OF FRANCE
26 1294 PETER OF MURRONE
27 1294 - 1303 BONIFACE 8
28 1303 - 12 POPES AT AVIGNON. RUIN OF TEMPLARS
29 1314 - 52 POPES AT AVIGNON
30 RELIGIOUS SECTS & PARTIES
31 1324 - 84 JOHN WYCLIF
32 1367 - 77 POPES RETURN TO ROME
33 1378 - 1410 GREAT SCHISM
34 1369 - 1414 JOHN HUSS
35 1418 - 31 HUSSITES
36 1431 - 9 COUNCILS OF BASEL & FLORENCE
37 1503 - 21 JULIUS 2 & LEO 10
38 MISSIONS: INQUISITION.

21 1869 A Key to Knowledge of Church History (Ancient)
by Blunt, John Henry
47,095W 188 3:08
1 FOUNDATION OF CHURCH AMONG JEWS
2 FOUNDATION OF CHURCH AMONG HEATHEN
3 EXTENSION OF CHURCH THROUGHOUT WORLD
4 FINAL SETTLEMENT OF CHURCH BY ST. JOHN
5 PRIMITIVE CHURCH
6 CHURCH UNDER ROMAN EMPIRE
7 EARLY HISTORY OF PARTICULAR CHURCHES
8 INROADS OF MAHOMETANISM
9 DIVISION BETWEEN EAST & WEST
10 CHURCH OF MIDDLE AGES
11 MEDIAEVAL HISTORY OF CONTINENTAL CHURCHES
12 MEDIAEVAL CHURCH IN GREAT BRITAIN & IREL &
26 1909 Hymns of Christian Church
by Charles Eliot 1834-1926
24,250W 97 1:26:41 39.7M
27 1551 Treatise on Purgatory
by Catherine of Genoa 1447 - 1510
10,500W 42 41:14 18.8M 3Pts
22 Bible in Its Making
By Mildred DUFF (1860 - 1932) & Noel HOPE (? - ?)
44,250W 177P 2:56:56
1 Living Book
2 Secret of its Greatness
3 Moses & his Writings
4 History Books
5 Scattering of People
6 Attack on Scriptures
7 2 Famous Versions of Scriptures
8 Bible in Days of Jesus Christ
9 Destruction of Jerusalem
10 Beginning of New Testament
11 How Gospels Came to be Written
12 Some Other Writers of New Testament
13 1st Bible Pictures
25 1910 Gods Troubadour Story of St. Francis of Assisi 1181 - 1226
by Sohie Jewett 1861-1909
37,750W 151 2:30:20 68.8M
1 Child of Long Ago
2 Young Troubador
3 Young Soldier
4 To Arms
5 New Road
6 Other Life is as My Life
7 Father & Son
8 Lad Poverty
9 Bird Sisters
10 Brother Wolf
11 3 Robbers
12 Nurse & Patient
13 With Crusaders
14 Christmas at Grecio
15 La Verna
16 Troubadors Last Song
19 1906 Church & Barbarians Being an Outline of History of Church from A.D. 461 to A.D. 1003
by Hutton, William Holden
66,871W 267 4:27
1 PAGE CHURCH & ITS PROSPECTS IN 5TH CENTURY 1
2 461 - 628 EMPIRE & EASTERN CHURCH
3 461 - 590 CHURCH IN ITALY
4 5 - 700s CHRISTIANITY IN GAUL
5 PONTIFICATE OF GREGORY GREAT
6 CONTROVERSY & CATHOLICISM OF SPAIN
7 CHURCH & MONOTHELITE CONTROVERSY
8 CHURCH IN ASIA
9 CHURCH IN AFRICA
10 CHURCH IN WESTERN ISLES
11 CONVERSION OF SLAVS & NORTHMEN
12 PROGRESS OF CHURCH IN GERMANY
13 POPES & REVIVAL OF EMPIRE
14 ICONOCLASTIC CONTROVERSY
15 LEARNING & MONASTICISM
16 SACRAMENTS & LITURGIES
17 END OF DARK AGE
20 1892 Bridge of History Over Gulf of Time: A Popular View of Historical Evidence for Truth of Christianity
By Thomas COOPER (1805 - 1892)
59,500W 238 3:57:38
1 Arch of Science
2 of Oliver Cromwell
3 French Revolution
4 Martin Luther
5 Invention of Printing
6 John Wyckliffe
7 Magna Charta
8 Crusades
9 William Conqueror
10 Darkness
11 King Alfred
12 Charlemagne
13 Mohammed
14 Augustine
15 Earthquake
16 Constantine Great
17 Persecution
18 Fathers: Apostles
19 "Leben Jesu": Dr. David Friedrich Strauss
20 Matthew's Gospel
21 Mark's Gospel
22 Luke's Gospel
23 John's Gospel
24 Concluding Evidences
23 1920 Religion & Science From Galileo to Bergson by Hardwick, John Charlton 43,103W 172 2:52
1 INTRODUCTORY
1 Religion & Science defined.
2 "Accurate & systematic knowledge"
3 necessarily affects our "attitude to life."
4 Can our systematised knowledge sanction a religious attitude?
5 This "religious problem."
6 Religious harmony of Middle Ages.
7 Will it return?
2 DISSOLUTION OF OLD SYNTHESIS
1 old World-Scheme described.
2 Aquinas & Scholasticism.
3 Cusanus criticises conventional ideas of space.
4 New Astronomy of Copernicus.
5 Bruno & an infinite universe.
6 Galileo's telescope.
7 New Physics & an automatic universe.
8 New Logic.
3 GROWTH OF MECHANICAL THEORY
1 New Science creates a New Philosophy.
2 Universality of Mechanics. Importance of Harvey's discovery.
3 Descartes extends mechanical theory to cover physiology & psychology
4 Hobbes & a naturalistic ethic.
5 Newton extends operation of law from earth to heavens
6 Religious attitude of these thinkers.
7 Significance of their thought.
4 1600s REACTIONS
1 Law of Thought. Spinoza.
2 Mechanical Universe spiritually interpreted.
3 Natura Naturans, what it means.
4 Ethics.
5 Spinoza's mysticism.
6 His personality.
7 Leibniz & a philosophy of personality.
8 His monads.
9 Pascal.
10 His significance.
11 Pensées.
12 eternal protest of religion.
13 Man defies universe
14 Results.
5 RISE OF AN ANTI RELIGIOUS SCIENCE
1 1700s Anti-clericalism in France.
2 Voltaire's propaganda.
3 Diderot & Encyclopædists.
4 Holbach's System of Nature.
5 Laplace's astronomy.
6 Lavoisier & New Chemistry.
7 Dalton's atomic theory.
8 Results for religion.
6 RISE OF GERMAN IDEALISM
1 Importance, for mechanical view, of Locke's theory of knowledge.
2 Weakness of speculative philosophy.
3 Rise of "critical" philosophy. Kant.
4 He seeks to solve problem: How is knowledge possible?
5 Kant's view of mind's function in knowledge.
6 Mechanism a "form of thought," subjective not objective.
7 Kant's view of reality.
8 Can we know reality?
9 2 worlds.
7 ROMANTIC MOVEMENT
1 Kant clears ground for a new philosophy.
2 Significance of Rousseau.
3 His attitude to culture.
4 new philosophy in Germany, its goal.
5 Fichte.
6 Hegel a rationalistic-romanticist.
7 His method.
8 Hegelianism.
9 Significance for religious thought of Schleiermacher.
10 autonomy of religion & religious experience.
8 MECHANISM & LIFE
1 Rise of bio-chemistry & bio-physics in Germany.
2 Significance of these movements.
3 Origin of Species.
4 Lamarck.
5 new geology.
6 Darwin.
7 Results of his theory.
9 MATERIALISM & AGNOSTICISM
1 Early decline of Romanticism in Germany.
2 Comte & "positive" philosophy.
3 Materialism in Germany.
4 Darwinism & "argument from design."
5 Haeckel.
6 Spencerian evolutionism.
7 Spencer's moral idealism.
8 His philosophy of religion.
9 Agnosticism.
10 Rise of philosophic pessimism.
11 Significance of Nietzsche.
10 REACTIONS IN PHILOSOPHY
1 German idealism naturalised in Engl & by Coleridge & Carlyle.
2 These writers described.
3 Sartor Resartus.
4 Idealism at Oxford, T. H. Green. F. H. Bradley.
5 Balfour's plea for a philosophy of science.
6 Revival of Idealism in Germany.
7 Lotze.
8 His view of "values" & reality.
11 SOME RECENT TENDENCIES IN PHILOSOPHY
1 new philosophy of Science.
2 Mach on "Economy of Thought."
3 "Abstractness" & artificiality of scientific method.
4 Boutroux & natural law.
5 James' view of mind carried further by Bergson.
6 His view of intellect.
7 What it can, & what it cannot, do for us.
8 Intuition.
9 Indeterminism & Pluralism.
10 Leibniz revived.
11 Ward's philosophy of personality.
12 SOME RECENT TENDENCIES IN SCIENCE
1 "New" Physics.
2 New theories of matter.
3 "New" Biology.
4 Driesch & neo-vitalism.
5 "New" Psychology.
6 "Spiritualism."
7 outlook for future.
13 SOME FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
1 History of Thought supplies no material for dogmatising.
2 Yet a progress of ideas is evident.
3 Permanency of "spiritual" view of reality.
4 Its continual revival.

5 Sabatier's saying. Need of freedom, alike for religion & for science.

14 1878 History of Conflict Between Religion & Science by Draper, John William 112,026W 448 7:28
1 ORIGIN OF SCIENCE
1 300s BC Religious condition of Greeks
2 Their invasion of Persian Empire brings them in contact with new aspects of Nature, & familiarizes them with new religious systems
3 military, engineering, & scientific activity, stimulated by Macedonian campaigns, leads to establishment in Alexandria of an institute, Museum, for cultivation of knowledge by experiment, observation, & mathematical discussion. It is origin of Science.
2 ORIGIN OF CHRISTIANITY.
3 ITS TRANSFORMATION ON ATTAINING IMPERIAL POWER
4 ITS RELATIONS TO SCIENCE.
1 Religious condition of Roman Republic.
2 adoption of imperialism leads to monotheism.
3 Christianity spreads over Roman Empire.
4 circumstances under which it attained imperial power make its union with Paganism a political necessity.
5 Tertullian's description of its doctrines & practices.
6 Debasing effect of policy of Constantine on it.
7 Its alliance with civil power.
8 Its incompatibility with science.
9 Destruction of Alexandrian Library & prohibition of philosophy
10 Exposition of Augustinian philosophy & Patristic science generally
11 Scriptures made standard of science.
5 CONFLICT RESPECTING DOCTRINE OF UNITY OF GOD
6 1ST OR SOUTHERN REFORMATION.
1 Egyptians insist on introduction of worship of Virgin Mary
2 They are resisted by Nestor, Patriarch of Constantinople, but eventually, through their influence with emperor, cause Nestor's exile & dispersion of his followers. Prelude to Southern Reformation
3 Persian attack: its moral effects. Arabian Reformation
4 Mohammed is brought in contact with Nestorians
5 He adopts & extends their principles, rejecting worship of Virgin, doctrine of Trinity, & every thing in opposition to unity of God
6 He extinguishes idolatry in Arabia, by force, & prepares to make war on Roman Empire.
7 His successors conquer Syria, Egypt, Asia Minor, North Africa, Spain, & invade France. As result of this conflict, doctrine of unity of God was established in greater part of Roman Empire
8 cultivation of science was restored, & Christendom lost many of her most illustrious capitals, as Alexandria, Carthage, & , above all, Jerusalem.
7 RESTORATION OF SCIENCE IN SOUTH.
1 By influence of Nestorians & Jews, Arabians are turned to cultivation of Science.
2 They modify their views as to destiny of man, & obtain true conceptions respecting structure of world
3 They ascertain size of earth, & determine its shape
4 Their khalifs collect great libraries, patronize every department of science & literature, establish astronomical observatories.
5 They develop mathematical sciences, invent algebra, & improve geometry & trigonometry.
6 They collect & translate old Greek mathematical & astronomical works, & adopt inductive method of Aristotle.
7 They establish many colleges, & , with aid of Nestorians, organize a public-school system.
8 They introduce Arabic numerals & arithmetic, & catalogue & give names to stars.
9 They lay foundation of modern astronomy, chemistry, & physics, & introduce great improvements in agriculture & manufactures.
8 CONFLICT RESPECTING NATURE OF SOUL
9 DOCTRINE OF EMANATION & ABSORPTION.
1 European ideas respecting soul.
2 It resembles form of body. Philosophical views of Orientals.
3 Vedic theology & Buddhism assert doctrine of emanation & absorption.
4 It is advocated by Aristotle, who is followed by Alexandrian school, & subsequently by Jews & Arabians
5 It is found in writings of Erigena. Connection of this doctrine with theory of conservation & correlation of force.
6 Parallel between origin & destiny of body & soul.
7 necessity of founding human on comparative psychology. Averroism, which is based on these facts, is brought into Christendom through Spain & Sicily. History of repression of Averroism.
8 Revolt of Islam against it
9 Antagonism of Jewish synagogues
10 Its destruction undertaken by papacy
11 Institution of Inquisition in Spain
12 Frightful persecutions & their results
13 Expulsion of Jews & Moors
14 Overthrow of Averroism in Europe.
15 Decisive action of late Vatican Council.
10 CONFLICT RESPECTING NATURE OF WORLD.
1 Scriptural view of world: earth a flat surface: location of heaven & hell. Scientific view: earth a globe: its size determined: its position in & relations to solar system.
23 great voyages.
3 Columbus, De Gama, Magellan
4 Circumnavigation of earth.
5 Determination of its curvature by measurement of a degree & pendulum. discoveries of Copernicus.
6 Invention of telescope.
7 Galileo brought before Inquisition.
8 His punishment.
9 Victory over Church.
10 Attempts to ascertain dimensions of solar system
11 Determination of sun's parallax by transits of Venus.
12 Insignificance, of earth & man.
13 Ideas respecting dimensions of universe.
14 Parallax of stars.
15 plurality of worlds asserted by Bruno.
16 He is seized & murdered by Inquisition.
11 CONTROVERSY RESPECTING AGE OF EARTH
1 Scriptural view that Earth is only 6,000 years old, & that it was made in a week.
2 Patristic chronology founded on ages of patriarchs.
3 Difficulties arising from different estimates in different versions of Bible. Legend of Deluge.
4 repeopling.
5 Tower of Babel: confusion of tongues.
6 primitive language. Discovery by Cassini of oblateness of planet Jupiter.
7 Discovery by Newton of oblateness of Earth.
8 Deduction that she has been modeled by mechanical causes.
9 Confirmation of this by geological discoveries respecting aqueous rocks: corroboration by organic remains
10 necessity of admitting enormously long periods of time
11 Displacement of doctrine of Creation by that of Evolution
12 Discoveries respecting Antiquity of Man. time-scale & space-scale of world are infinite.
13 Moderation with which discussion of Age of World has been conducted.
12 CONFLICT RESPECTING CRITERION OF TRUTH
1 Ancient philosophy declares that man has no means of ascertaining truth. Differences of belief arise among early Christians
2 ineffectual attempt is made to remedy them by Councils.
3 Miracle & ordeal proof introduced. papacy resorts to auricular confession & Inquisition.
4 It perpetrates frightful atrocities for suppression of differences of opinion. Effect of discovery of Pandects of Justinian & development of canon law on nature of evidence.
5 It becomes more scientific. Reformation establishes rights of individual reason.
6 Catholicism asserts that criterion of truth is in Church. It restrains reading of books by Index Expurgatorius, & combats dissent by such means as massacre of St. Bartholomew's Eve. Examination of authenticity of Pentateuch as Protestant criterion.
7 Spurious character of those books. For Science criterion of truth is to be found in revelations of Nature: for Protestant, it is in Scriptures: for Catholic, in an infallible Pope.
13 CONTROVERSY RESPECTING GOVERNMENT OF UNIVERSE
1 There are 2 conceptions of government of world:
1 By Providence:
2 By Law.
2 former maintained by priesthood
3 Sketch of introduction of latter. Kepler discovers laws that preside over solar system.
4 His works are denounced by papal authority.
5 foundations of mechanical philosophy are laid by Da Vinci
6 Galileo discovers fundamental laws of Dynamics.
7 Newton applies them to movements of celestial bodies, & shows solar system is governed by mathematical necessity
8 Herschel extends that conclusion to universe.
9 nebular hypothesis.
10 Theological exceptions to it. Evidences of control of law in construction of earth, & development of animal & plant series
11 They arose by Evolution, not by Creation. reign of law is exhibited by historic career of human societies, & case of individual man. Partial adoption of this view by some of Reformed Churches.
14 LATIN CHRISTIANITY IN RELATION TO MODERN CIVILIZATION.
1 For more than 1,000 years Latin Christianity controlled intelligence of Europe, & is responsible for result.
2 That result is manifested by condition of city of Rome at Reformation, & by condition of Continent of Europe in domestic & social life.
3 European nations suffered under coexistence of a dual government, a spiritual & temporal
4 They were immersed in ignorance, superstition, discomfort.
5 Explanation of failure of Catholicism
6 Political history of papacy: it was transmuted from a spiritual confederacy into absolute monarchy
7 Action of College of Cardinals & Curia
8 Demoralization that ensued from necessity of raising large revenues.
9 advantages accruing to Europe during Catholic rule arose not from direct intention, but were incidental.
10 general result is, that political influence of Catholicism was prejudicial to modern civilization.
15 SCIENCE IN RELATION TO MODERN CIVILIZATION.
1 Illustration of general influences of Science from history of America.
16 INTRODUCTION OF SCIENCE INTO EUROPE.
1 It passed from Moorish Spain to Upper Italy, & was favored by absence of popes at Avignon.
2 effects of printing, of maritime adventure, & Reformation
3 Establishment of Italian scientific societies.
17 INTELLECTUAL INFLUENCE OF SCIENCE.
1 It changed mode & direction of thought in Europe.
2 transactions of Royal Society of London, & other scientific societies, furnish an illustration of this.
18 ECONOMICAL INFLUENCE OF SCIENCE
1 is illustrated by numerous mechanical & physical inventions
2 made since 1300s
3 Their influence on health & domestic life, on arts of peace & of war. Answer to question, What has Science done for humanity?
19 IMPENDING CRISIS. INDICATIONS OF APPROACH OF A RELIGIOUS CRISIS.
20 PREDOMINATING CHRISTIAN CHURCH, ROMAN, PERCEIVES THIS, & MAKES PREPARATION FOR IT.
21 PIUS 9 CONVOKES OECUMENICAL COUNCIL
22 RELATIONS OF DIFFERENT EUROPEAN GOVERNMENTS TO PAPACY.
23 RELATIONS OF CHURCH TO SCIENCE, AS INDICATED BY ENCYCLICAL LETTER & SYLLABUS
1 Acts of Vatican Council in relation to infallibility of pope, & to Science.
2 Abstract of decisions arrived at. Controversy between Prussian Government & papacy
3 It is a contest between State & Church for supremacy
4 Effect of dual government in Europe
5 Declaration by Vatican Council of its position as to Science
6 dogmatic constitution of Catholic faith.
7 Its definitions respecting God, Revelation, Faith, Reason.
8 anathemas it pronounces
9 Its denunciation of modern civilization.
10 Protestant Evangelical Alliance & its acts. General review of foregoing definitions, & acts.
11 Present condition of controversy, & its future prospects.
3 Rome
1 1776 Decline Fall of Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon 2,010,250W 8041 119:15:43
1 Antonines 297,750W 1,191 19:50:20 545M
0 Intro, Preface
1 1.0 14:21
1 Extent Of Empire In Age Of Antonines
2 1.1 16:14
3 1.2 23:11
4 1.3 34:24
2 Internal Prosperity In Age Of Antonines
5 2.1 12:54
6 2.2 17:37
7 2.3 15:42
8 2.4 17:23
3 Constitution In Age Of Antonines
9 3.1 23:42
10 3.2 24:38
4 Cruelty, Follies, & Murder Of Commodus
11 4.1 20:58
12 4.2 24:13

1 Election Of Pertinax
2 Attempts To Reform State
3 Assassination By Prætorian Guards
5 Sale Of Empire To Didius Julianus
13 5.1 25:47
14 5.2 29:36
Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus
1 Follies Of Elagabalus
2 Virtues Of Alexander Severus
3 Licentiousness Of Army
4 General State Of Roman Finances.
6 Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus
15 6.1 17:11
16 6.2 22:43
17 6.3 21:03
18 6.4 23:32
1 Follies Of Elagabalus
2 Virtues Of Alexander Severus
3 Licentiousness Of Army
4 General State Of Roman Finances.
7 Tyranny Of Maximin, Rebellion, Civil Wars, Death Of Maximin
19 7.1 33:45
20 7.2 28:31
21 7.3 5:07
1 Civil Wars & Seditions
2 Violent Deaths Of Maximin & His Son, Of Maximus & Balbinus, & Of 3 Gordians
3 Usurpation & Secular Games Of Philip
8 State Of Persion & Restoration Of Monarchy
22 8.1 10:54
23 8.2 28:15
9 State Of Germany Until Barbarians
24 9.1-2 28:12
25 9.3 25:19
10 Emperors Decius, Gallus, Æmilianus, Valerian & Gallienus
26 10.1 16:57
27 10.2 22:52
28 10.3 31:44
29 10.4 35:47
1 General Irruption Of Barbari Ans
2 30 Tyrants
11 Reign Of Claudius, Defeat Of Goths
30 11.1 26:35
31 11.2 20:41
32 11.3 27:25
1 Victories, Triumph, & Death Of Aurelian
12 Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus & His Sons
33 12.1 32:47
34 12.2 37:31
35 12.3 25:15
1 Conduct Of Army & Senate After Death Of Aurelian
13 Reign Of Diocletian & His Three Associates
36 13.1 25:02
37 13.2 28:12
38 13.3 20:11
39 13.4 33:12
1 General Reestablishment Of Order & Tranquillity
2 Persian War, Victory, & Triumph
3 New Form Of Administration
4 Abdication & Retirement Of Diocletian & Maximian
14 Emperors At Same Time, Reunion Of Empire
40 14.1 24:48
41 14.2 26:07
42 14.3 32:16
43 14.4 23:07
1 Troubles After Abdication Of Diocletian
2 Death Of Constantius
3 Elevation Of Constantine & Maxen Tius
4 Death Of Maximian & Galerius
5 Victories Of Constantine Over Maxentius & Licinus
6 Reunion Of Empire Under Authority Of Constantine.
15 Progress Of Christian Religion
44 15.1 13:42
45 15.2 16:45
46 15.3 17:34
47 15.4 21:25
48 15.5 17:18
49 15.6 17:58
50 15.7 23:08
51 15.8 14:35
52 15.9 12:15
1 Sentiments, Manners, Numbers, & Condition Of Primitive Christians
2 21:24:30
1 Conduct Towards Christians, From Nero To Constantine
53 16.1 23:04
54 16.2 25:30
55 16.3 14:48
56 16.4 17:27
57 16.5 27:35
58 16.6 22:58
59 16.7 20:14
60 16.8 6:11
2 Foundation Of Constantinople
61 17.1 20:14
62 17.2 14:55
63 17.3 21:43
64 17.4 23:34
65 17.5 21:14
66 17.6 20:22
1 Political System Constantine, & His Successors.
2 Military Discipline
3 Palace
4 Finances
3 Character Of Constantine & His Sons
67 18.1 22:24
68 18.2 22:12
69 18.3 24:04
70 18.4 29:32
1 Gothic War
2 Death Of Constantine
3 Division Of Empire Among 3 Sons
4 Persian War
5 Tragic Deaths Of Constantine Younger & Constans
6 Usurpation Of Magnentius
7 Civil War
8 Victory Of Constantius.
4 Constantius Sole Emperor
71 19.1 14:43
72 19.2 30:01
73 19.3 21:15
74 19.4 32:06
1 Elevation & Death Of Gallus
2 Danger & Elevation Of Julian
3 Sarmatian & Persian Wars
4 Victories Of Julian In Gaul.
5 Conversion Of Constantine
75 20.1 20:48
76 20.2 22:27
77 20.3 24:25
78 20.4 18:38
1 Motives, Progress, & Effects Of Conversion Of Constantine
2 Legal Establishment & Constitution Of Christian Or Catholic Church.
6 Persecution Of Heresy, State Of Church
79 21.1 15:14
80 21.2 9:48
81 21.3 22:15
82 21.4 21:12
83 21.5 21:41
84 21.6 21:31
85 21.7 20:25
1 Schism Of Donatists
2 Arian Controversy
3 Athanasius
4 Distracted State Of Church & Empire Under Constantine & His Sons
5 Toleration Of Paganism.
7 Julian Is Declared Emperor By Legions Of Gaul
86 22.1 21:00
87 22.2 21:14
88 22.3 15:02
89 22.4 12:01
1 His March & Success
2 Death Of Constantius
3 Civil Administration Of Julian.
11 Progress of Huns
107 26.1 33:21
108 26.2 30:17
109 26.3 36:49
110 26.4 27:43
111 26.5 38:10
1 Manners Of Pastoral Nations
2 Progress Of Huns, From China To Europe
3 Flight Of Goths
4 They Pass Danube
5 Gothic War
6 Defeat & Death Of Valens
7 Gratian Invests Theodosius With Eastern Empire
8 His Character & Success
9 Peace & Settlement Of Goths.
8 Reign Of Julian
90 23.1 23:48
91 23.2 22:04
92 23.3 11:03
93 23.4 16:56
94 23.5 17:24
1 Religion Of Julian
2 Universal Toleration
3 He Attempts To Restore & Reform Pagan Worship
4 Rebuild Temple Of Jerusalem
5 His Artful Persecution Of Christians
6 Mutual Zeal & Injustice.
9 Retreat & Death Of Julian
95 24.1 17:24
96 24.2 19:01
97 24.3 25:34
98 24.4 23:16
99 24.5 21:42
1 Residence Of Julian At Antioch
2 His Successful Expedition Against Persians
3 Passage Of Tigris
4 Retreat & Death Of Julian
5 Election Of Jovian
6 He Saves Roman Army By A Disgraceful Treaty.
10 Reigns Of Jovian & Valentinian, Division Of Empire
100 25.1 21:06
101 25.2 24:13
102 25.3 24:26
103 25.4 26:42
104 25.5 23:06
105 25.6 29:36
106 25.7 9:06
1 Government & Death Of Jovian
2 Election Of Valentinian, Who Associates His Brother Valens, & Makes Final Division Of Eastern & Western Empires
3 Revolt Of Procopius
4 Civil & Ecclesiastical Administration
5 Germany
6 Britain
7 Africa
8 East
9 Danube
10 Death Of Valentinian
11 His 2 Sons, Gratian & Valentinian 2., Succeed To Western Empire.
3 8:07:48
1 Civil Wars, Reign Of Theodosius
112 27.1 20:02
113 27.2 26:22
114 27.3 20:44
115 27.4 26:06
116 27.5 26:40
1 Death Of Gratian
2 Ruin Of Arianism
3 St. Ambrose
4 1st Civil War, Against Maximus
5 Character, Administration, & Penance Of Theodosius
6 Death Of Valentinian 2
7 2nd Civil War, Against Eugenius
8 Death Of Theodosius.
2 Destruction Of Paganism
117 28.1 14:00
118 28.2 18:12
119 28.3 21:58
1 Introduction Of Worship Of Saints, & Relics, Among Christians
3 Division Of Roman Empire Between Sons Of Theodosius
120 29.1 28:25
121 29.2 24:20
1 Reign Of Arcadius & Honorius
2 Administration Of Rufinus & Stilicho
3 Revolt & Defeat Of Gildo In Africa
4 Revolt Of Goths
122 30.1 22:32
123 30.2 3:23
124 30.3 22:42
125 30.4 24:32
126 30.5 27:57
1 They Plunder Greece
22 Great Invasions Of Italy By Alaric & Radagaisus
3 They Are Repulsed By Stilicho
4 Germans Overrun Gaul
5 Usurpation Of Constantine In West
6 Disgrace & Death Of Stilicho
5 Invasion Of Italy by Alaric, Occupation Of Territories By Barbarians
127 31.1 17:03
128 31.2 22:06
129 31.3 26:07
130 31.4 32:05
131 31.5 15:07
132 31.6 29:21
133 31.7 29:03
1 Manners Of Roman Senate & People
2 Rome Is Thrice Besieged, & At Length Pillaged, By Goths
3 Death Of Alaric
4 Goths Evacuate Italy
5 Fall Of Constantine
6 Gaul & Spain Are Occupied By Barbarians
7 Independence Of Britain.
6 Emperors Arcadius, Eutropius, Theodosius
134 32.1 24:00
135 32.2 27:21
136 32.3 26:51
1 Arcadius Emperor Of East
2 Administration & Disgrace Of Eutropius
3 Revolt Of Gainas
4 Persecution Of St. John Chrysostom
5 Theodosius 2 Emperor Of East
6 His Sister Pulcheria
7 His Wife Eudocia
8 Persian War, & Division Of Armenia.
7 Conquest Of Africa By Vandals
137 33.1 30:01
138 33.2 16:42
1 Death Of Honorius
2 Valentinian 3
3 Emperor Of East
4 Administration Of His Mother Placidia
5 Ætius & Boniface
8 Atilla
139 34.1 24:53
140 34.2 31:29
141 34.3 8:20
1 Character, Conquests, & Court Of Attila, King Of Huns
2 Death Of Theodosius Younger
3 Elevation Of Marcian To Empire Of East.
9 Invasion of Gaul by Attila
142 35.1 17:56
143 35.2 24:17
144 35.3 26:47
1 He Is Repulsed By Ætius & Visigoths
2 Attila Invades & Evacuates Italy
3 Deaths Of Attila, Ætius, & Valentinian 3
10 Total Extinction Of Western Empire
145 36.1 25:14
146 36.2 20:45
147 36.3 22:01
148 36.4 25:22
149 36.5 22:36
1 Sack Of Rome By Genseric, King Of Vandals
2 His Naval Depredations
3 Succession Of Last Emperors Of West, Maximus, Avitus, Majorian, Severus, Anthemius, Olybrius, Glycerius, Nepos, Augustulus
4 Total Extinction Of Western Empire
5 Reign Of Odoacer, 1st Barbarian King Of Italy
11 Conversion Of Barbarians To Christianity
150 37.1 16:48
151 37.2 19:16
152 37.3 20:36
153 37.4 19:32
1 Origin Progress, & Effects Of Monastic Life
2 Conversion Of Barbarians To Christianity & Arianism
3 Persecution Of Vandals In Africa
4 Extinction Of Arianism Among Barbarians
12 Reign & conversion Of Clovis
154 38.1 24:22
155 38.2 23:08
156 38.3 22:07
157 38.4 29:32
158 38.5 18:05
159 38.6 21:02
1 Victories Over Alemanni, Burgundians, & Visigoths
2 Establishment Of French Monarchy In Gaul
3 Laws Of Barbarians
4 State Of Romans
5 Visigoths Of Spain
6 Conquest Of Britain By Saxons
   
4 21:22:51
1 Gothic Kingdom Of Italy
160 39.1 31:15
161 39.2 14:57
162 39.3 27:50
1 Zeno & Anastasius, Emperors Of East
2 Birth, Education, & 1st Exploits Of Theodoric Ostrogoth
3 His Invasion & Conquest Of Italy
4 Gothic Kingdom Of Italy
5 State Of West
6 Military & Civil Government
7 Senator Boethius
8 Last Acts & Death Of Theodoric
2 Reign Of Justinian
163 40.1 22:21
164 40.2 27:35
165 40.3 27:39
166 40.4 35:45
167 40.5 33:46
1 Elevation Of Justin Elder
2 Reign Of Justinian
3 Empress Theodora
4 Factions Of Circus, & Sedition Of Constantinople
5 Trade & Manufacture Of Silk
6 Finances & Taxes
7 Edifices Of Justinian
8 Church Of St. Sophia
9 Fortifications & Frontiers Of Eastern Empire
10 Abolition Of Schools Of Athens, & Consulship Of Rome.
3 Conquests Of Justinian is west, Character & Campaigns Of Balisarius
168 41.1 32:07
169 41.2 27:17
170 41.3 54:53
171 41.4 25:09
172 41.5 24:47
1 Invades & Subdues Vandal Kingdom Of Africa
2 Triumph
3 Gothic War
4 Recovers Sicily, Naples, & Rome
5 Siege Of Rome By Goths
6 Their Retreat & Losses
7 Surrender Of Ravenna
8 Glory Of Belisarius
9 His Domestic Shame & Misfortunes
4 State Of Barbaric World
173 42.1 26:07
174 42.2 22:57
175 42.3 25:53
176 42.4 6:38
1 Establishment Of Lombards On Danube
2 Tribes & Inroads Of Sclavonians
3 Origin, Empire, & Embassies Of Turks
4 Flight Of Avars
5 Chosroes 1, Or Nushirvan, King Of Persia
6 His Prosperous Reign & Wars With Romans
7 Colchian Or Lazic War
8 Æthiopians
5 Last Victory & Death Of Belisarius, Death Of Justinian
177 43.1 28:56
178 43.2 27:59
179 43.3 30:11
180 43.4 21:56
1 Rebellions Of Africa
2 Restoration Of Gothic Kingdom By Totila
3 Loss & Recovery Of Rome
4 Final Conquest Of Italy By Narses
5 Extinction Of Ostrogoths.
6 Defeat Of Franks & Alemanni
7 Last Victory, Disgrace, & Death Of Belisarius
8 Death & Character Of Justinian
9 Comet, Earthquakes, & Plague
6 Idea Of Roman Jurisprudence
181 44.1 8:19
182 44.2 15:55
183 44.3 17:33
184 44.4 19:00
185 44.5 27:17
186 44.6 21:36
187 44.7 25:07
188 44.8 14:40
1 Idea Of Roman Jurisprudence
2 Laws Of Kings
31 2 Of Decemvirs
4 Laws Of People
5 Decrees Of Senate
6 Edicts Of Magistrates & Emperors
7 Authority Of Civilians
8 Code, Pandects, Novels, & Institutes Of Justinian
1 Rights Of Persons
2 Rights Of Things
3 Private Injuries & Actions
4 Crimes & Punishments.
7 State Of Italy Under Lombards
189 45.1 29:43
190 45.2 33:06
191 45.3 24:22
1 Reign Of Younger Justin
2 Embassy Of Avars
3 Their Settlement On Danube
4 Conquest Of Italy By Lombards
5 Adoption & Reign Of Tiberius
6 Maurice
7 State Of Italy Under Lombards & Exarchs
8 Ravenna
9 Distress Of Rome
10 Character & Pontificate Of Gregory 1
8 Troubles In Persia
192 46.1 30:14
193 46.2 27:48
194 46.3 33:24
195 46.4 25:30
1 Revolutions On Persia After Death Of Chosroes On Nushirvan
2 His Son Hormouz, A Tyrant, Is Deposed
3 Usurpation Of Baharam
4 Flight & Restoration Of Chosroes 2
5 His Gratitude To Romans
6 Chagan Of Avars.
7 Revolt Of Army Against Maurice
8 His Death
9 Tyranny Of Phocas
10 Elevation Of Heraclius
11 Persian War
12 Chosroes Subdues Syria, Egypt, & Asia Minor
13 Siege Of Constantinople By Persians & Avars.
14 Persian Expeditions
15 Victories & Triumph Of Heraclius
9 Ecclesiastical Discord
196 47.1 22:19
197 47.2 24:08
198 47.3 24:57
199 47.4 27:41
200 47.5 34:09
201 47.6 15:48
1 Theological History Of Doctrine Of Incarnation
2 Human & Divine Nature Of Christ
3 Enmity Of Patriarchs Of Alexandria & Constantinople
4 St. Cyril & Nestorius
5 3rd General Council Of Ephesus
6 Heresy Of Eutyches
7 4th General Council Of Chalcedon
8 Civil & Ecclesiastical Discord
9 Intolerance Of Justinian
11 3 Chapters
12 Monothelite Controversy
13 State Of Oriental Sects
1 Nestorians
2 Jacobites
3 Maronites
4 Armenians
5 Copts & Abyssinians
10 Succession & Characters Of Greek Emperors
202 48.1 36:17
203 48.2 43:30
204 48.3 39:40
205 48.4 47:31
206 48.5 45:20
1 Plan Of 2 Last Volumes
2 Succession & Characters Of Greek Emperors Of Constantinople, From Time Of Heraclius To Latin Conquest
5 20:35:34
1 Conquest Of Italy By Franks
207 49.1 24:45
208 49.2 31:41
209 49.3 31:00
210 49.4 28:24
211 49.5 34:04
212 49.6 26:27
1 Worship, & Persecution Of Images
2 Revolt Of Italy & Rome
3 Temporal Dominion Of Popes
4 Conquest Of Italy By Franks
5 Establishment Of Images
6 Character & Coronation Of Charlemagne.
7 Restoration & Decay Of Roman Empire In West
8 Independence Of Italy
9 Constitution Of Germanic Body
2 Description Of Arabia & Its Inhabitants
213 50.1 18:45
214 50.2 20:05
215 50.3 21:02
216 50.4 24:23
217 50.5 22:07
218 50.6 26:25
219 50.7 18:54
220 50.8 24:29
1 Description Of Arabia & Its Inhabitants
2 Birth, Character, & Doctrine Of Mahomet
3 He Preaches At Mecca
4 Flies To Medina
5 Propagates His Religion By Sword
6 Voluntary Or Reluctant Submission Of Arabs
7 His Death & Successors
8 Claims & Fortunes Of All & His Descendants
3 Conquests By Arabs
221 51.1 19:01
222 51.2 25:10
223 51.3 32:02
224 51.4 3:08
225 51.5 22:41
226 51.6 26:16
227 51.7 17:48
228 51.8 33:05
229 51.9 26:45
12 Sieges Of Constantinople By Arabs
2 Their Invasion Of France, & Defeat By Charles Martel
3 Civil War Of Ommiades & Abbassides
4 Learning Of Arabs
5 Luxury Of Caliphs
6 Naval Enterprises On Crete, Sicily, & Rome
7 Decay & Division Of Empire Of Caliphs
8 Defeats & Victories Of Greek Emperors
4 Of Eastern Empire
230 52.1 24:07
231 52.2 29:34
232 52.3 24:45
233 52.4 33:39
234 52.5 22:45
1 900s Fate Of Eastern Empire
2 Extent & Division
3 Wealth & Revenue
4 Palace Of Constantinople
5 Titles & Offices
6 Pride & Power Of Emperors
7 Tactics Of Greeks, Arabs, & Franks
8 Loss Of Latin Tongue
9 Studies & Solitude Of Greeks.
5 Origin & Doctrine Of Paulicians
235 53.1 26:35
236 53.2 19:10
237 53.3 34:25
238 53.4 25:15
1 Their Persecution By Greek Emperors
2 Revolt In Armenia
3 Transplantation Into Thrace
4 Propagation In West
5 Seeds, Character, & Consequences Of Reformation
6 Bulgarians, Hungarians & Russians
239 54.1 23:44
240 54.2 17:45
1 Bulgarians
2 Origin, Migrations, & Settlement Of Hungarians
3 Their Inroads In East & West
4 Monarchy Of Russia
5 Geography & Trade
6 Wars Of Russians Against Greek Empire
7 Conversion Of Barbarians
7 Saracens, Franks & Normans
241 55.1 17:50
242 55.2 24:40
243 55.3 23:51
1 Saracens, Franks, & Greeks, In Italy
21 st Adventures & Settlement Of Normans
3 Character & Conquest Of Robert Guiscard, Duke Of Apulia
4 Deliverance Of Sicily By His Brother Roger
5 Victories Of Robert Over Emperors Of East & West
6 Roger, King Of Sicily, Invades Africa & Greece
7 Emperor Manuel Comnenus
8 Wars Of Greeks & Normans
9 Extinction Of Normans.
8 Turks
244 56.1 25:04
245 56.2 21:37
246 56.3 26:31
247 56.4 25:05
248 56.5 20:00
1 Turks Of House Of Seljuk
2 Their Revolt Against Mahmud Conqueror Of Hindostan
3 Togrul Subdues Persia, & Protects Caliphs
4 Defeat & Captivity Of Emperor Romanus Diogenes By Alp Arslan
5 Power & Magnificence Of Malek Shah
6 Conquest Of Asia Minor & Syria
7 State & Oppression Of Jerusalem
8 Pilgrimages To Holy Sepulchre
9 1st Crusade
249 57.1 23:19
250 57.2 23:39
251 57.3 22:08
1 Origin & Numbers Of 1st Crusade
2 Characters Of Latin Princes
3 Their March To Constantinople
4 Policy Of Greek Emperor Alexius
5 Conquest Of Nice, Antioch, & Jerusalem, By Franks
6 Deliverance Of Holy Sepulchre
7 Godfrey Of Bouillon, 1st King Of Jerusalem
8 Institutions Of French Or Latin Kingdom.
 
6 17:54:45
1 Crusades
252 58.1 25:29
253 58.2 24:05
254 58.3 31:00
255 58.4 35:54
256 58.5 25:40
1 Preservation Of Greek Empire
2 Numbers, Passage, & Event, Of 2nd & 3rd Crusades
3 St. Bernard
4 Reign Of Saladin In Egypt & Syria
5 His Conquest Of Jerusalem
6 Naval Crusades
7 Richard 1st Of England
8 Pope Innocent 3rd: & 4th & 5th Crusades
9 Emperor Frederic 2
10 Louis 9 Of France: & 2 Last Crusades
11 Expulsion Of Latins Or Franks By Mamelukes
2 4th Crusade
257 59.1 6:30
258 59.2 31:13
259 59.3 13:43
1 Schism Of Greeks & Latins
2 State Of Constantinople
3 Revolt Of Bulgarians
4 Isaac Angelus Dethroned By His Brother Alexius
5 Origin Of 4th Crusade
6 Alliance Of French & Venetians With Son Of Isaac
7 Their Naval Expedition To Constantinople
8 2 Sieges & Final Conquest Of City By Latins
3 Partition Of Empire By French & Venetians
260 60.1 44:03
261 60.2 35:40
262 60.3 40:38
15 Latin Emperors Of Houses Of Flanders & Courtenay
2 Their Wars Against Bulgarians & Greeks
3 Weakness & Poverty Of Latin Empire
4 Recovery Of Constantinople By Greeks
5 General Consequences Of Crusades
4 Greek Emperors Of Nice & Constantinople
263 61.1 34:01
264 61.2 30:38
265 61.3 20:52
266 61.4 25:26
1 Greek Emperors Of Nice & Constantinople
2 Elevation & Reign Of Michael Palæologus
3 His False Union With Pope & Latin Church
4 Hostile Designs Of Charles Of Anjou
5 Revolt Of Sicily
6 War Of Catalans In Asia & Greece
7 Revolutions & Present State Of Athens
5 Civil Wars & Ruin Of Greek Empire
267 62.1 26:47
268 62.2 23:25
269 62.3 13:56
1 Reigns Of Andronicus, Elder & Younger, & John Palæologus
2 Regency, Revolt, Reign, & Abdication Of John Cantacuzene
3 Establishment Of A Genoese Colony At Pera Or Galata
4 Their Wars With Empire & City Of Constantinople
6 Moguls, Ottoman Turks
270 63.1 28:21
271 63.2 37:22
1 Conquests Of Zingis Khan & Moguls From China To Poland
2 Escape Of Constantinople & Greeks
3 Origin Of Ottoman Turks In Bithynia
4 Reigns & Victories Of Othman, Orchan, Amurath 1, & Bajazet 1
5 Foundation & Progress Of Turkish Monarchy In Asia & Europe
6 Danger Of Constantinople & Greek Empire
7 Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane, & His Death
272 64.1 9:01
273 64.2 22:25
274 64.3 34:15
275 64.4 23:30
1 Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane To Throne Of Samarcand
2 His Conquests In Persia, Georgia, Tartary Russia, India, Syria, & Anatolia
3 His Turkish War
4 Defeat & Captivity Of Bajazet
5 Death Of Timour
6 Civil War Of Sons Of Bajazet
7 Restoration Of Turkish Monarchy By Mahomet First
8 Siege Of Constantinople By Amurath 2
8 Union Of Greek & Latin Churches
276 65.1 26:00
277 65.2 26:38
278 65.3 35:45
1 Applications Of Eastern Emperors To Popes
2 Visits To West, Of John 1, Manuel, & John 2, Palæologus
3 Union Of Greek & Latin Churches, Promoted By Council Of Basil, & Concluded At Ferrara & Florence
4 State Of Literature At Constantinople
5 Its Revival In Italy By Greek Fugitives
6 Curiosity & Emulation Of Latins
9 Schism Of Greeks & Latins
279 66.1 21:45
280 66.2 22:28
281 66.3 21:58
282 66.4 25:53
1 Reign & Character Of Amurath 2
2 Crusade Of Ladislaus, King Of Hungary
3 His Defeat & Death
4 John Huniades
5 Scanderbeg
6 Constantine Palæologus, Last Emperor Of East
10 Reign & Character Of Mahomet 2, Extinction Of Eastern Empire
283 67.1 27:34
284 67.2 26:05
1 Siege, Assault, & Final Conquest, Of Constantinople By Turks
2 Death Of Constantine Palæologus
3 Servitude Of Greeks
4 Extinction Of Roman Empire In East
5 Consternation Of Europe
6 Conquests & Death Of Mahomet 2
11 State Of Rome From 1100s
285 68.1 20:40
286 68.2 24:12
287 68.3 24:49
288 68.4 31:08
1 Temporal Dominion Of Popes
2 Seditions Of City
3 Political Heresy Of Arnold Of Brescia
4 Restoration Of Republic
5 Senators
6 Pride Of Romans
7 Their Wars
8 They Are Deprived Of Election & Presence Of Popes, Who Retire To Avignon
9 Jubilee
10 Noble Families Of Rome
11 Feud Of Colonna & Ursini
12 Final Settlement Of Ecclesiastical State
289 69.1 27:04
290 69.2 17:07
291 69.3 29:38
292 69.4 20:06
1 Character & Coronation Of Petrarch
2 Restoration Of Freedom & Government Of Rome By Tribune Rienzi
3 His Virtues & Vices, His Expulsion & Death
4 Return Of Popes From Avignon
5 Great Schism Of West
6 Reunion Of Latin Church
7 Last Struggles Of Roman Liberty
8 Statutes Of Rome
9 Final Settlement Of Ecclesiastical State
13 1400s Prospect Of Ruins Of Rome
14 Causes Of Decay & Destruction
293 70.1 21:32
294 70.2 23:21
295 70.3 30:43
296 70.4 22:02
297 71.1 23:25
298 71.2 23:06
2 Example Of Coliseum
3 Renovation Of City
4 Conclusion Of Whole Work
 
4 19 History of Rome, Books 1 - 36 (1-8 here) by Livy 59 BC - 19 AD 237,065W 949 15:49
1
1 coming of Æneas into Italy, & his achievements there:
2 reign of Ascanius in Alba & other Sylvian kings.
3 Romulus & Remus born.
4 Amulius killed.
5 Romulus builds Rome: forms a senate: makes war upon Sabines: presents opima spolia to Jupiter Feretrius: divides people into curiæ: his victories: is deified.
6 Numa institutes rites of religious worship: builds temple to Janus: & having made peace with all his neighbours, closes it for 1st time: enjoys peaceful reign, & succeeded by Tullus Hostilius.
7 War with Albans: combat of Horatii & Curiatii.
8 Alba demolished, & Albans made citizens of Rome.
9 War declared against Sabines: Tullus killed by lightning.
10 Ancus Marcius renews religious institutions of Numa: conquers Latins, confers on them right of citizenship, & assigns them Aventine hill to dwell on: adds hill Janiculum to city: enlarges bounds of empire.
11 In his reign Lucumo comes to Rome: assumes name of Tarquinius: & after death of Ancus, is raised to throne.
12 He increases senate, by adding to it a hundred new senators:
13 defeats Latins & Sabines
14 augments centuries of knights
15 builds wall round city
16 makes common sewers
17 slain by sons of Ancus after reign of 38 years: succeeded by Servius Tullius. institutes census: closes lustrum, in which 80,000 citizens were enrolled: divides people into classes & centuries: enlarges Pomœrium, & adds Quirinal, Viminal, & Esquiline hills to city: after reign of 40 years, murdered by L. Tarquin, afterwards surnamed Superbus. usurps crown. Tarquin makes war on Volsci, & with plunder taken from them, builds temple to Jupiter Capitolinus. By stratagem of his son, Sextus Tarquin, reduces city of Gabii: after reign of 25 years dethroned & banished, in consequence of forcible violation of person of Lucretia by son Sextus. L. Junius Brutus & L. Tarquinius Collatinus 1st created consuls.
2
1 Brutus binds people by oath, never to suffer any king to reign at Rome,
2 obliges Tarquinius Collatinus, his colleague, to resign consulship, & leave state:
3 beheads some young noblemen, & among rest his own & his sister's sons, for a conspiracy to receive kings into city
4 In a war against Veientians & Tarquiniensians, he engages in single combat with Aruns son of Tarquin Proud, & expires at same time with his adversary.
5 ladies mourn for him a whole year.
6 Capitol dedicated.
7 Porsena, king of Clusium, undertakes a war in favour of Tarquins.
8 Bravery of Horatius Cocles, & of Mucius.
9 Porsena concludes a peace on receipt of hostages.
10 Conduct of Clœlia.
11 Ap. Claudius removes from country of Sabines to Rome: for this reason Claudian tribe is added to former number, which by this means increased to 21
12 A Posthumius dictator defeats at lake Regillus Tarquin Proud, making war upon Romans with an army of Latins.
13 Secession of commons to Sacred Mount: brought back by Menenius Agrippa.
14 5 tribunes of people created.
15 Corioli taken by C. Martius: from that he is surnamed Coriolanus.
16 Banishment & subsequent conduct of C. M. Coriolanus.
17 Agrarian law first made.
18 Sp. Cassius condemned & put to death.
19 Oppia, a vestal virgin, buried alive for incontinence.
20 Fabian family undertake to carry on that war at their own cost & hazard, against Veientians, & for that purpose send out 306 men in arms, who were all cut off.
21 Ap. Claudius consul decimates his army because he had been unsuccessful in war with Veientians, by their refusing to obey orders.
22 account of wars with Volscians, Æquians, & Veientians, & contests of fathers with commons.
3
1 Disturbances about agrarian laws.
2 Capitol surprised by exiles & slaves.
3 Quintius Cincinnatus called from cultivation of his farm in country, made dictator, & appointed to conduct war against Æquans.
4 He conquers enemy, & makes them pass under yoke.
5 number of tribunes increased to 10
6 Decemvirs, appointed for purpose of digesting & publishing a body of laws.
7 These having promulgated code of laws contained in 10 tables, obtain continuation of their authority for another year & add 2 more to former 10 tables
8 Refusing to resign their office, they retain it 4 months.
9 Their conduct at 1st equitable & just: afterwards arbitrary & tyrannical.
10 commons, in consequence of base attempt of Appius Claudius, one of them, to debauch daughter of Virginius, seize on Aventine mount, & oblige them to resign.
11 Appius & Oppius, 2 of most obnoxious, thrown into prison, where they put end to their own lives: rest driven into exile.
12 War with Sabines, Volscians, & Æquans.
13 Unfair decision of Roman people, who being chosen arbitrators between people of Ardea & Aricia concerning some disputed lands, adjudge them to themselves.
4
1 law was passed concerning intermarriage of patricians & plebeians, after strong resistance on part of patricians.
2 Military tribunes with consular power.
3 Censors created.
4 Restoration of lands unjustly taken from people of Ardea.
5 Spurius Melius, suspected of aiming at regal power, is slain by C. Servilius Ahala by order of Quintius Cincinnatus, dictator.
6 Cornelius Cossus, having killed Tolumnius, king of Veientes, offers 2nd spolia opima.
7 Duration of censorship, originally 5 years, limited to 18 months
8 Fidenæ reduced, & colony settled there.
9 colonists destroyed by Fidenatians, subsequently conquered by Mamercus Æmilius, dictator.
10 conspiracy of slaves put down
11 Postumius, military tribune, slain by army for cruelties
12 Pay from treasury 1st given to soldiers
13 Operations against Volscians, Fidenatians, & Faliscians.
5
1 During siege of Veii winter dwellings erected for soldiers.
2 This being a novelty, affords tribunes of people a pretext for exciting discontent.
3 cavalry for 1st time serve on horses of their own.
4 Furius Camillus, dictator, takes Veii after siege of 10 years
5 character of military tribune, whilst laying siege to Falisci, he sends back children of enemy, who were betrayed into his hands.
6 Furius Camillus, on a day being appointed for his trial, goes into exile.
7 Senonian Gauls lay siege to Clusium.
8 Roman ambassadors, sent to mediate peace between Clusians & Gauls, found to take part with former: in consequence of which Gauls march directly against Rome, & after defeating Romans at Allia take possession of city with exception of Capitol
9 They scaled Capitol by night, but are discovered by cackling of geese, & repulsed, chiefly by exertions of Marcus Manlius.
10 Romans, compelled by famine, agree to ransom themselves.
11 Whilst gold is being weighed to them, Camillus, who had been appointed dictator, arrives with an army, expels Gauls, & destroys their army.
12 He successfully opposes design of removing to Veii.
6
1 Successful operations against Volscians, & Æquans, & Prænestines.
2 4 tribes were added.
3 Marcus Manlius, who had defended Capitol from Gauls, being condemned for aspiring to regal power, is thrown from Tarpeian rock: in commemoration of which circumstance a decree of senate passed, that none of Manlian family should henceforward bear cognomen of Marcus.
4 Caius Licinius & Lucius Sextius, tribunes of people, proposed a law that consuls might be chosen from among commons: & after a violent contest, succeeded in passing that law, notwithstanding opposition of patricians, same tribunes of commons being for 5 years only magistrates in state: & Lucius Sextius 1st consul elected from commons
7
12 magistrates added, prætorship & curule ædileship.
2 pestilence rages in city, which carries off celebrated Furius Camillus.
3 Scenic representations 1st introduced.
4 Curtius leaps on horseback completely armed into a gulf in forum.
5 Titus Manlius, having slain a Gaul in single combat, who challenged any of Roman soldiers, takes from him a golden chain, & hence gets name of Torquatus.
6 2 new tribes are added, called Pomptine & Publilian.
7 Licinius Stolo condemned on law which he himself carried for possessing 500+ acres
8 Marcus Valerius, surnamed Corvinus, from having with aid of crow killed Gaul, who challenged him, is on following year elected consul, though but 23 years old
9 treaty of friendship made with Carthaginians. Campanians, overpowered by Samnites, surrender themselves to Roman people, who declare war against Samnites. P. Decius Mus saves Roman army, when brought into very great danger by consul A. Cornelius. Conspiracy & revolt of Roman soldiers in garrison of Capua. Brought to sense of duty, & restored to their country, by Marcus Valerius Corvus, dictator. Successful operations against Hernicians, Gauls, Tiburtians, Privernians, Tarquinians, Samnites, & Volscians.
8
1 Latins with Campanians revolt: & ambassadors having been sent to senate, they propose that, if they wished for peace, they should elect one of consuls from among Latins.
2 Titus Manlius, consul, put son to death, because he had fought, though successfully, against Latins, contrary to orders.
3 Romans being hard pressed in battle, Publius Decius, then consul with Manlius, devoted himself for army.
4 Latins surrender.
5 None of young men came out to meet Manlius on his return to city.
6 Minucia, a vestal virgin, was condemned for incest.
7 Several matrons convicted of poisoning.
8 Laws then 1st made against that crime.
9 Ausonians, Privernians, & Palæpolitans subdued.
10 Quintus Publilius 1st instance of a person continuing in comm & after expiration of his office, & triumph decreed to any person not a consul.
11 Law against confinement for debt.
12 Quintus Fabius, master of horse, fights Samnites with success, contrary to orders of Lucius Papirius, dictator & with difficulty, obtains pardon, through intercession of people.
13 Successful expedition against Samnites.
9 321 - 04
1 Titus Veturius & Spurius Postumius, with their army, surrounded by Samnites at Caudine forks: enter into treaty, give 600 hostages, sent under yoke
2 treaty declared invalid: 2 generals & other sureties sent back to Samnites, but not accepted.
3 Not long after, Papirius Cursor obliterates this disgrace, by vanquishing Samnites, sending them under yoke, & recovering hostages.
4 2 tribes added.
5 Appius Claudius, censor, constructs Claudian aqueduct, & Appian road: admits sons of freedom into senate
6 Successes