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1 1922 History of Holland by Gedmundson 1,185P 19:44:31
4 1926 Philosophy of Spinoza by Spinoza 497P 8:17
5 1511 Praise of Folly by Erasmus 224P 3:42:49
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1 1922 History of Holland
by George Gedmundson 1838-1940
296,250W 1,185 19:44:31 542M
1 Burgundian Netherlands
2 Hapsburg Rule in Netherlands
3 Prelude to Revolt
4 Relation of Netherlands William Silent
5 Beginnings of Dutch Republic
6 System of Government
7 12 years truce
8 Maurice & Oldenbarneveldt
9 From end of 12 years truce to peace of Munster 1621 - 48 stadholderate of Frederick henry of orange
10 east & west India companies commercial & economic expansion
11 1672 - 88 Letters, science & art
stadholdearate of william 3
12 rise of john de witt 1st English war
13 1654 - 65 administration of john de Witt, from peace of Westminster to out-break of 2nd English war
14 last year of de Witt's administration, 1665 - 72 2nd English war triple alliance french invasion
15 stadholderate of william 2 great assembly
16 1672 - 88 Stadholderate of william 3
17 1688 - 1702 king stadholder
18 1702 - 15 war of Spanish succession & treaties of Utrecht
19 1715 - 40 stadholderless republic
20 1740 - 51 Austrian succession war & william
21 1751 - 66 regency of Anne & of Brunswick
22 1766 - 80 William 5 1st period,
23 1780 - 88 Stadholderate of William 5
24 1788 - 95 orange restoration, downfall of republic
25 1795 - 1806 Batavian republic
26 1806 - 14 kingdom of Holland & french annexation
27 1814 - 5 formation of Kingdom of Netherlands
28 1815 - 30 Kingdom of Netherlands - union of Holland & Belgium
29 1830 - 42 Belgian revolution separation of Holland & Belgium
30 1842 - 9 William 1 abdicates reign of william 2 revision of constitution
31 1849 - 72 Reign of William 3 to death of Thorbecke
32 1872 - 98 later reign of william 3, & regency of queen Emma
33 1898 - 1917 Holland: reign of queen wilhelmina
2 1830 Holland History of Netherlands by Grattan, Thomas Colley 1792-1864 134,206 537P 8:57
3 1788 History of Revolt of Netherlands V2
by Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller
127,302W 510P 8:30
1 Earlier History
2 Cardinal Granvella
3 Conspiracy of Nobles
4 Iconoclasts
5 Trial & Execution of Counts Egmont & Horn
6 Siege of Antwerp by Prince of Parma
4 1926 Philosophy of Spinoza
by de Spinoza, Benedictus
124,274W 497P 8:17
1 on god
1 Superstition
2 Interpretation of Scripture
3 Prophets & Prophecy
4 Vocation of Hebrews
5 Divine Law
6 Ceremonial Law
7 Miracles
8 Divine Nature
2 on man
1 Nature & Origin of Human Mind
2 Nature & Extent of Human Knowledge
3 Determinism & Morals
4 Origin & Nature of Emotions
5 Psychology of Emotions
3 on man's well-being
1 Human Bondage
2 Foundations of Moral Life
3 Foundations of a State
4 Supreme Authorities
5 Freedom of Thought & Speech
6 Human Freedom
7 Human Blessedness & Eternity of Mind
5 1511 Praise of Folly
by Erasmus
56,000W 224P 3:42:49 102M
1 Dutch Empire by Wikipedia
2 1830 Holland History of Netherlands by Grattan, Thomas Colley 1792-1864 134,206 537P 8:57
1 50 BC - 250 AD INVASION OF NETHERLANDS BY ROMANS TO INVASION BY SALIAN FRANKS
1 Extent of Kingdom
2 Description of People
3 Ancient State of Low Countries
4 Of High Grounds
5 Contrasted with present Aspect of Country
6 Expedition of Julius Cæsar
7 Belgæ
8 Menapians
9 Batavians
10 Distinguished among Auxiliaries of Rome
11 Decrease of national Feeling in Part of Country
12 Steady Patriotism of Frisons & Menapians
13 Commencement of Civilization
14 Early Formation of Dikes
15 Degeneracy of those who became united to Romans
16 Invasion of Netherlands by Salian Franks
2 250 - 800 SETTLEMENT OF FRANKS TO SUBJUGATION OF FRIESLAND BY FRENCH
1 Character of Franks
2 Saxon Tribes
3 Destruction of Salians by Saxon Tribe
4 Julian Apostate
5 Victories of Clovis in Gaul
6 Contrast between Low Countries & Provinces of France
7 State of Friesland
8 Charles Martell
9 Friesland converted to Christianity
10 Finally subdued by France
3 800 - 1000 CONQUEST OF FRIESLAND TO FORMATION OF HOLLAND
11 Commencement of Feudal System in Highlands
12 Flourishing State of Low Countries
13 Counts of Empire
14 Formation of Gilden or Trades
15 Establishment of popular Privileges in Friesland
16 In what they consisted
17 Growth of Ecclesiastical Power
18 Baldwin of Flanders
19 Created Count
20 Appearance of Normans
21 They ravage Netherlands
22 Their Destruction, & final Disappearance
23 Division of Empire into Higher & Lower Lorraine
24 Establishment of Counts of Lorraine & Hainault
25 Increasing Power of Bishops of Liege & Utrecht
26 Their Jealousy of Counts: who resist their Encroachments
4 1018 - 1384 FORMATION OF HOLLAND TO DEATH OF LOUIS DE MALE
1 Origin of Holland
2 Its 1st Count
3 Aggrandizement of Flanders
4 Its growing Commerce
5 Fisheries
6 Manufactures
7 Formation of County of Guelders, & of Brabant
8 State of Friesland
9 State of Provinces
10 Crusades
11 Their good Effects on State of Netherlands
12 Decline of Feudal Power, & Growth of Influence of Towns
13 Great Prosperity of Country
14 Flemings take up Arms against French
15 Drive them out of Bruges, & defeat them in Battle of Courtrai
16 Popular Success in Brabant
17 Its Confederation with Flanders
18 Rebellion of Bruges against Count, & of Ghent under James d' Artaveldt
19 Alliance with England
20 Power, & Death
21 Independence of Flanders
22 Battle of Roosbeke
23 Philip Bold, Duke of Burgundy, obtains Sovereignty of Flanders
5 1384 - 1506 SUCCESSION OF PHILIP BOLD TO COUNTY OF FLANDERS TO DEATH OF PHILIP FAIR
1 Philip succeeds to Inheritance of Brabant
2 Makes War on England as a French Prince, Flanders remaining neuter
3 Power of Houses of Burgundy & Bavaria, & Decline of Public Liberty
4 Union of Holland, Hainault, & Brabant
5 Jacqueline, Countess of Holland & Hainault
6 Flies from Tyranny of her Husband, John of Brabant, & takes Refuge in England
7 Murder of John Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
8 Accession of his Son, Philip Good
9 His Policy
10 Espouses Cause of John of Brabant against Jacqueline
11 Deprives her of Hainault, Holland, & Zealand
12 Continues his Persecution, & despoils her of her last Possession & Titles
13 She marries a Gentleman of Zealand, & Dies
14 Peace or Arras
15 Dominions of House of Burgundy equal to present Extent of Kingdom of Netherlands
16 Rebellion of Ghent
17 Affairs of Holland & Zealand
18 Charles Rash
19 His Conduct in Holland
20 Succeeds his Father
21 Effects of Philip's Reign on Manners of People
22 Louis 11
23 Death of Charles, & Succession of Mary
24 Factions among her Subjects
25 Marries Maximilian of Austria
26 Battle of Guinegate
27 Death of Mary
28 Maximilian unpopular
29 Imprisoned by his Subjects
30 Released
31 Invades Netherlands
32 Succeeds to Imperial Throne by Death of his Father
33 Philip Fair proclaimed Duke & Count
34 His wise Administration
35 Affairs of Friesland
36 Of Guelders
37 Charles of Egmont
38 Death of Philip Fair
6 1506 - 55 GOVERNMENT OF MARGARET OF AUSTRIA TO ABDICATION OF EMPEROR CHARLES 5
1 Margaret of Austria invested with Sovereignty
2 Her Character & Government
3 Charles, Son of Philip Fair, created Duke of Brabant & Count of Flanders & Holland
4 Reformation
5 Martin Luther
6 Persecution of Reformers
7 Battle of Pavia
8 Cession of Utrecht to Charles 5
9 Peace of Cambray
10 Anabaptists' Sedition at Ghent
11 Expedition against Tunis & Algiers
12 Charles becomes possessed of Friesland & Guelders
13 His increasing Severity against Protestants
14 Abdication & Death
15 Review
16 Progress of Civilization
7 1555 - 66 ACCESSION OF PHILIP 2 OF SPAIN TO ESTABLISHMENT OF INQUISITION IN NETHERLANDS
1 Accession of Philip 2
2 His Character & Government
3 His Wars with France, & with Pope
4 Peace with Pope
5 Battle of St Quentin
6 Battle of Gravelines
7 Peace of Câteau-Cambresis
8 Death of Mary of England
9 Philip's Despotism
10 Establishes a Provisional Government
11 Convenes States
12 General at Ghent
13 His Minister Granvelle
14 Goes to Zealand
15 Embarks for Spain
16 Prosperity revives
17 Effects of Provisional Government
18 Marguerite of Palma
19 Character of Granvelle
20 Viglius de Berlaimont
21 Departure of spanish Troops
22 Clergy
23 Bishops
24 National Discontent
25 Granvelle appointed Cardinal
26 Edict against Heresy
27 Popular Indignation
28 Reformation
29 State of Brabant
30 Confederacy against Granvelle
31 Prince of Orange
32 Counts Egmont & Horn join Prince against Granvelle
33 Granvelle recalled
34 Council of Trent
35 Its Decrees received with Reprobation
36 Decrees against Reformers
37 Philip's Bigotry
38 Establishment of Inquisition
39 Popular Resistance
8 1566 COMMENCEMENT OF REVOLUTION
1 Commencement of Revolution
2 Defence of Prince of Orange
3 Confederacy of Nobles
4 Louis of Nassau
5 De Brederode
6 Philip de St Aldegonde
7 Assembly of Council of State
8 Confederates enter Brussels
9 Take Title of Gueux
10 Quit Brussels, & disperse in Provinces
11 Measures of Government
12 Growing Power of Confederates
13 Progress of Reformation
14 Field Preaching
15 Herman Stricker
16 Boldness of Protestants
17 Peter Dathen
18 Ambrose Ville
19 Situation of Antwerp
20 Prince repairs to it, & saves it
21 Meeting of Confederates at St Trond
22 Prince of Orange & Count Egmont treat with them
23 Tyranny of Philip & Moderation of Spanish Council
24 Image Breakers
25 Destruction of Cathedral, of Antwerp
26 Terror of Government
27 Firmness of Viglius
28 Arbitration between Court & People
29 Concessions made by Government
30 Restoration of Tranquillity
9 1566 - 73 TO ADMINISTRATION OF REQUESENS
1 Philip's Vindictiveness & Hypocrisy
2 Progress of Protestantism
3 Gradual Dissolution of Conspiracy
4 Artifices of Philip & Court to disunite Protestants
5 Firmness of Prince of Orange
6 Conference at Termonde
7 Egmont abandons Patriot Cause
8 Fatal Effects of his Conduct
9 Commencement of Hostilities
10 Siege of Valenciennes
11 Protestant Synod at Antwerp
12 Haughty Conduct of Government
13 Royalists Repulsed at Bois-le-duc
14 Battle of Osterweel, & Defeat of Patriots
15 Antwerp again saved by Firmness & Prudence of Prince of Orange
16 Capitulation of Valenciennes
17 Success of Royalists
18 Death of De Brederode
19 New Oath of Allegiance: Refused by Prince of Orange & others
20 Prince resolves on voluntary Banishment, & departs for Germany
21 His Example is followed by Lords
22 Extensive Emigration
23 Arrival of Duke of Orleans
24 Egmont's Humiliation
25 Alva's Powers
26 Arrest of Egmont & others
27 Alva's first Acts of Tyranny
28 Council of Blood
29 Recall of Government
30 Alva's Character
31 He summons Prince of Orange, who is tried by Contumacy
32 Horrors committed by Alva
33 Desolate State of Country
34 Trial & Execution of Egmont & Horn
35 Prince of Orange raises Army in Germany, & opens his first Campaign in Netherlands
36 Battle of Heiligerlee
37 Death of Adolphus of Nassau
38 Battle of Jemminghem
39 Success & skilful Conduct of Alva
40 Dispersion of Prince of Orange's Army
41 Growth of naval Power of Patriots
42 Inundation in Holland & Friesland
43 Alva reproached by Philip
44 Duke of Medina-Celi appointed Governor
45 Is attacked, & his fleet destroyed by Patriots
46 Demands his Recall
47 Policy of English Queen, Elizabeth
48 Dutch take Brille
49 General Revolt in Holland & Zealand
50 New Expedition of Prince of Orange
51 Siege of Mons
52 Success of Prince
53 Siege of Haarlem
54 Of Alkmaer
55 Removal of Alva
56 Don Luis Zanega y Requesens appointed Governor-General
10 1573 - 6 TO PACIFICATION OF GHENT
1 Character of Requesens
2 His conciliating Conduct
3 Renews War against States
4 Siege of Middleburg
5 Generosity of Prince of Orange
6 Naval Victory
7 State of Flanders
8 Count Louis of Nassau
9 Battle of Mookerheyde
10 Counts Louis & Henry slain
11 Mutiny of Spanish Troops
12 Siege of Leyden
13 Negotiations for Peace at Breda
14 Spaniards take Zuriczee
15 Requesens dies
16 Government devolves on Council of State
17 Miserable State of Country, & Despair of Patriots
18 Spanish Mutineers
19 States-General are convoked, & Council arrested by Grand Bailiff of Brabant
20 Spanish Mutineers sack & capture Maestricht, & afterward Antwerp
21 States-General assemble at Ghent & assume Government
22 Pacification of Ghent
11 1576 - 80 TO RENUNCIATION OF SOVEREIGNTY OF SPAIN & DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
1 Don John of Austria, Governor-General, arrives in Netherlands
2 His Character & Conduct
3 States send an Envoy to Elizabeth of England
4 She advances them a Loan of Money
5 Union of Brussels
6 Treaty of Marche-en-Famenne, called Perpetual Edict
7 impetuous Conduct of Don John excites public Suspicion
8 He seizes on Citadel of Namur
9 Prince of Orange is named Protector of Brabant
10 People destroy Citadels of Antwerp & other Towns
11 Duke of Arschot named Governor of Flanders
12 He invites Archduke Mathias to accept Government of Netherlands
13 Wise Conduct of Prince of Orange
14 Ryhove & Hembyse possess themselves of supreme Power at Ghent
15 Prince of Orange goes there & establishes Order
16 Archduke Mathias is installed
17 Prince of Parma arrives in Netherlands, & gains Battle of Gemblours
18 Confusion of States-General
19 Duke of Alencon comes to their Assistance
20 Dissensions among Patriot Chiefs
21 Death of Don John of Austria
22 Suspicions of his having been Poisoned by Order of Philip II
23 Prince of Parma is declared Governor-General
24 Union of Utrecht
25 Prince of Parma takes Field
26 Congress of Cologne rendered fruitless by Obstinacy of Philip
27 States-General assemble at Antwerp, & issue a Declaration of National Independence
28 Sovereignty of Netherlands granted to Duke of Alencon
12 1580 - 4 TO MURDER OF PRINCE OF ORANGE
1 Proscription of Prince of Orange
2 His celebrated Apology
3 Philip proposes sending back Duchess of Parma as Stadtholderess
4 Her son refuses to act jointly with her, & is left in exercise of his Power
5 Siege of Cambray undertaken by Prince of Parma, & gallantly defended by Princess of Epinoi
6 Duke of Alencon created Duke of Anjou
7 Repairs to England, in hopes of marrying Queen Elizabeth
8 He returns to Netherlands unsuccessful, & is inaugurated at Antwerp
9 Prince of Orange desperately wounded by an Assassin
10 Details on John Jaureguay & his Accomplices
11 People suspect French of Crime
12 Rapid Recovery of Prince, who soon resumes his accustomed Activity
13 Violent Conduct of Duke of Anjou, who treacherously attempts to seize on Antwerp
14 He is defeated by Townspeople
15 His Disgrace & Death
16 Ungenerous Suspicions of People against Prince of Orange, who leaves Flanders in Disgust
17 Treachery of Prince of Chimay & others
18 Treason of Hembyse
19 He is executed at Ghent
20 States resolve to confer Sovereignty on Prince of Orange
21 He is murdered at Delft
22 Parallel between him & Admiral Coligny
23 Execution of Balthazar Gerard, his Assassin
24 Complicity of Prince of Parma
13 1584 - 92 DEATH OF ALEXANDER, PRINCE OF PARMA
1 Effects of William's Death on History of his Country
2 Firm Conduct of United Provinces
3 They reject Overtures of Prince of Parma
4 He reduces whole of Flanders
5 Deplorable Situation of Country
6 Vigorous Measures of Northern States
7 Antwerp besieged
8 Operations of Siege
9 Immense Exertions of Besiegers
10 Infernal Machine
11 Battle on Dike of Couvestien
12 Surrender of Antwerp
13 Extravagant Joy of Philip 2
14 United Provinces solicit Aid of France & England
15 Elizabeth sends them supply of Troops under Earl of Leicester
16 He returns to England
17 Treachery of some English & Scotch Officers
18 Prince Maurice commences his Career
19 Spanish Armada
20 Justin of Nassau blocks up Prince of Parma in Flemish Ports
21 Ruin of Armada
22 Philip's Mock Piety on hearing News
23 Leicester dies
24 Exploits & Death of Martin Schenck
25 Breda surprised
26 Duke of Parma leads his Army into France
27 His famous Retreat
28 His Death & Character
14 1592 - 9 INDEPENDENCE OF BELGIUM & DEATH OF PHILLIP 2
1 Count Mansfield named Governor-General
2 State of Flanders & Brabant
3 Archduke Ernest named Governor-General
4 Attempts against Life of Prince Maurice
5 He takes Groningen
6 Death of Archduke Ernest
7 Count Fuentes named Governor-General
8 He takes Cambray & other Towns
9 Is soon replaced by Archduke Albert of Austria
10 His high Reputation
11 He opens his first Campaign in Netherlands
12 His Successes
13 Prince Maurice gains Battle of Turnhout
14 Peace of Vervins
15 Philip yields Sovereignty of Netherlands to Albert & Isabella
16 A new Plot against Life of Prince Maurice
17 Albert sets out for Spain, & receives News of Philip's Death
18 Albert arrives in Spain, & solemnizes his Marriage with Infanta Isabella
19 Review of State of Netherlands
15 1599 - 1604 CAMPAIGN OF PRINCE MAURICE & SPINOLA
1 Cardinal Andrew of Austria Governor
2 Francisco Mendoza, Admiral of Aragon, invades neutral States of Germany
3 His atrocious Conduct
4 Prince Maurice takes Field
5 His masterly Movements
6 Sybilla of Cleves raises Army, which is, quickly destroyed
7 Great Exertions of States-General
8 Naval Expedition under Vander Goes
9 Its complete Failure
10 Critical Situation of United Provinces
11 Arrival of Archduke in Brussels
12 Success of Prince Maurice
13 His Expedition into Flanders
14 Energy of Archduke
15 Heroism of Isabella
16 Progress of Albert's Army
17 Its 1st Success
18 Firmness of Maurice
19 Battle of Nieuport
20 Total Defeat of Royalists
21 Consequences of Victory
22 Prince Maurice returns to Holland
23 Negotiations for Peace
24 Siege of Ostend
25 Death of Elizabeth of England
26 United Provinces send Ambassadors to James 1
27 Successful Negotiations of Barneveldt & Duke of Sully in London
28 Peace between England & Spain
29 Brilliant Campaign between Spinola & Prince Maurice
30 Battle of Roeroord
31 Naval Transactions
32 Progress of Dutch Influence in India
33 Establishment of East India Company
16 1600 - 19 SYNOD OF DORT & EXECUTION OF BARNEVELDT
1 Spinola proposes to invade United Provinces
2 Successfully opposed by Prince Maurice
3 Dutch defeated at Sea
4 Desperate Conduct of Admiral Klagoon
5 Great naval Victory of Dutch, & Death of their Admiral Heemskirk
6 Overtures of Archdukes for Peace
7 How received in Holland
8 Prudent Conduct of Barneveldt
9 Negotiations opened at Hague
10 John de Neyen, Ambassador for Archdukes
11 Armistice for 8 Months
12 Neyen attempts to bribe D'Aarsens, Greffier of States-General
13 His Conduct disclaimed by Verreiken, Counsellor to Archdukes
14 Great Prejudices in Holland against King James 1 & English, & Partiality toward France
15 Rupture of Negotiations
16 They are renewed
17 Truce for 23 Years signed at Antwerp
18 Gives great Satisfaction in Netherlands
19 Important Attitude of United Provinces
20 Conduct of Belgian Provinces
21 Disputes relative to Cleves & Juviers
22 Prince Maurice & Spinola remove their Armies into contested states
23 Intestine Troubles in United Provinces
24 Assassination of Henry 4 of France
25 His Character
26 Change in Prince Maurice's Character & Conduct
27 He is strenuously opposed by Barneveldt
28 Religious Disputes
29 King James enters Lists of Controversy
30 Barneveldt & Maurice take Opposite sides
31 cautionary Towns released from Possession of England
32 Consequences of this Event
33 Calumnies against Barneveldt
34 Ambitious Designs of Prince Maurice
35 He is baffled by Barneveldt
36 Republic assists its Allies with Money & Ships
37 Its great naval Power
38 Outrages of some Dutch Sailors in Ireland
39 Unresented by King James
40 His Anger at manufacturing Prosperity of United Provinces
41 Excesses of Gomarists
42 Magistrates call out National Militia
43 Violent Conduct of Prince Maurice
44 Uncompromising Steadiness of Barneveldt
45 Calumnies against him
46 Maurice succeeds to Title of Prince of Orange, & Acts with increasing Violence
47 Arrest of Barneveldt & his Friends
48 Synod of Dort
49 Its Consequences
50 Trial, Condemnation, & Execution of Barneveldt
51 Grotius & Hoogerbeets sentenced to perpetual Imprisonmemt
52 Ledenburg commits Suicide
17 1619 - 25 DEATH OF PRINCE MAURICE
1 Parties Of Arminianism quite subdued
2 Emigrations
3 Grotius resolves to attempt Escape from Prison
4 Succeeds in his Attempt
5 He repairs to Paris, & publishes his "Apology
6 Expiration of 12 Years' Truce
7 Death of Philip 3 & Archduke Albert
8 War in Germany
9 Campaign between Prince Maurice & Spinola
10 Conspiracy against Life of Prince Maurice
11 Its Failure
12 15 of Conspirators executed
13 Great Unpopularity of Maurice
14 Death of Maurice
18 1625 - 48 TREATY OF MUNSTER
1 Frederick Henry succeeds his Brother
2 Charles 1 King of England
3 War between France & England
4 Victories of Admiral Hein
5 Brilliant Success of Frederick Henry
6 Fruitless Enterprise in Flanders
7 Death of Archduchess Isabella
8 Confederacy in Brabant
9 Its Failure, & Arrest of Nobles
10 Ferdinand, Prince-Cardinal, Governor-General
11 Treaty between France & Holland
12 Battle of Avein
13 Naval Affairs
14 Battle of Downs
15 Van Tromp
16 Negotiations for Marriage of Prince William with Princess Mary of England
17 Death of Prince-Cardinal
18 Don Francisco de Mello Governor-General
19 Battle of Rocroy
20 Gallantry of Prince William
21 Death of Cardinal Richelieu & Louis 13
22 English Politics
23 Affairs of Germany
24 Negotiations for Peace
25 Financial Embarrassment of Republic
26 Republic negotiates with Spain
27 Last Exploits of Frederick Henry
28 His Death, & Character
29 William 2 Stadtholder
30 Peace of Munster
31 Resentment of Louis 13
32 Peace of Westphalia
33 Review of Progress of Art, Science, & Manners
34 Literature
35 Painting
36 Engraving
37 Sculpture
38 Architecture
39 Finance
40 Population
41 Commercial Companies
42 Manners
19 1648 - 78 PEACE OF MUNSTER TO PEACE OF NIMEGUEN
1 State of Republic after Peace of Munster
2 State of England
3 William 2 Stadtholder
4 His ambitious Designs & Violent Conduct
5 Attempts to seize on Amsterdam
6 His Death
7 Different Sensations caused by his Death
8 Prerogatives of Stadtholder assumed by People
9 Naval War with England
10 English Act of Navigation
11 Irish Hostilities
12 Death of Tromp
13 A Peace with England
14 Disturbed State of Republic
15 War with Denmark
16 Peace concluded
17 Charles 2 restored to English Throne
18 Declares War against Holland
19 Naval Actions
20 Charles endeavors to excite all Europe against Dutch
21 His Failure
22 Renewed Hostilities
23 Ruyter defeated
24 Peace of Breda
25 Invasion of Flanders by Louis 14
26 He overruns Brabant & Flanders
27 1668 Triple League
28 Perfidious Conduct of Charles 2
29 He declares War against Holland, etc , as does Louis 14
30 Unprepared State of United Provinces
31 William 3 Prince of Orange
32 Appointed Captain-General & High Admiral
33 Battle of Solebay
34 French Invade Republic
35 States-General implore Peace
36 Terms demanded by Louis 14 & by Charles 2
37 Desperation of Dutch
38 Prince of Orange proclaimed Stadtholder
39 Massacre of De Witts
40 Fine Conduct of Prince of Orange
41 He takes Field
42 Is reinforced by Spain, Emperor, & Brandenburg
43 Louis 14 forced to abandon his Conquests
44 Naval Actions with English
45 1674 Peace
46 Military Affairs
47 Battle of Senef
48 Death of De Ruyter
49 Congress for Peace at Nimeguen
50 Battle of Mont Cassel
51 Marriage of Prince of Orange
52 Peace of Nimeguen
20 1678 - 1713 PEACE OF NIMEGUEN TO PEACE OF UTRECHT
1 State of Europe subsequently to Peace of Nimeguen
2 Arrogant Conduct of Louis 14
3 Truce for 20 Years
4 Death of Charles 2 of England
5 League of Augsburg
6 Conduct of William
7 He invades England
8 James 2 Deposed
9 William 3 proclaimed King of England
10 King William puts himself at Head of Confederacy against Louis 14, & enters on War
11 Military Operations
12 Peace of Ryswyk
13 Death of Charles 2 of Spain
14 War of Succession
15 Death of William 3
16 His Character
17 Duke of Marlborough
18 Prince Eugene
19 Successes of Earl of Peterborough in Spain & Portugal
20 Louis 14 solicits Peace
21 Conferences for Peace
22 Peace of Utrecht
23 Treaty of Barrier
21 1713 - 94 PEACE OF UTRECHT TO INCORPORATION OF BELGIUM WITH FRENCH REPUBLIC
1 Quadruple Alliance
2 General Peace of Europe
3 Wise Conduct of Republic
4 Great Danger from bad State of Dikes
5 Death of Emperor Charles 6
6 Maria Theresa Empress
7 Her heroic Conduct
8 Battle of Dettingen
9 Louis 15 invades Netherlands
10 Conferences for Peace at Breda
11 Battle of Fontenoy
12 William 4 Stadtholder & Captain-General
13 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
14 Death of Stadtholder, who is succeeded by his Son William 5
15 War of 7 Years
16 State of Republic
17 William 5 Stadtholder
18 Dismemberment of Poland
19 Joseph 2 Emperor
20 His attempted Reforms in Religion
21 War with England: Sea-Fight on Doggerbank
22 1784 Peace with England
23 Progress of Public Opinion in Europe, in Belgium, & Holland
24 Violent Opposition to Stadtholder
25 Arrest of Princess of Orange
26 Invasion of Holland by Prussian Army
27 Agitation in Belgium
28 Vander Noot
29 Prince Albert of Saxe-Teschen & Archduchess Maria Theresa joint Governors-General
30 Succeeded by Count Murray
31 Riots
32 Meetings of Provisional States
33 General Insurrection
34 Vonckists
35 Vander Mersch
36 Takes Command of Insurgents
37 His Skilful Conduct
38 He gains Battle of Turnhout
39 Takes Possession of Flanders
40 Confederation of Belgian Provinces
41 Death of Joseph 2
42 Leopold Emperor
43 Arrest of Vander Mersch
44 Arrogance of States-General of Belgium
45 Austrians overrun Country
46 Convention at Hague
47 Death of Leopold
48 Battle of Jemmappes
49 General Dumouriez
50 Conquest of Belgium by French
51 Recovered by Austrians
52 Archduke Charles Governor-General
53 War in Netherlands
54 Duke of York
55 Emperor Francis
56 Battle of Fleurus
57 Incorporation of Belgium with French Republic
58 Peace of Leoben
59 Treaty of Campo-Formio
22 1794 - 1818 INVASION OF HOLLAND BY FRENCH TO RETURN OF PRINCE OF ORANGE
1 Pichegru invades Holland
2 Winter Campaign
3 Duke of York vainly resists French Army
4 Abdication of Stadtholder
5 Batavian Republic
6 War with England
7 Unfortunate Situation of Holland
8 Naval Fight
9 English Expedition to Helder
10 Napoleon Bonaparte
11 Louis Bonaparte named King of Holland
12 His popular Conduct
13 He abdicates Throne
14 Annexation of Holland to French Empire
15 Ruinous to Prosperity of Republic
16 people desire Return of Prince of Orange
17 Confederacy to effect this Purpose
18 Allied Armies advance toward Holland
19 Nation rises to throw off Yoke of France
20 Count Styrum & his Associates lead on that Movement, & proclaim Prince of Orange, who lands from England
21 His 1st Proclamation
22 His 2nd Proclamation
23 1813 - 5 FROM INSTALLATION OF WILLIAM 1 AS PRINCE-SOVEREIGN OF NETHERLANDS TO BATTLE OF WATERLOO takes Field Duke of Wellington
1 Rapid Organization of Holland
2 Constitution formed
3 Accepted by People
4 Objections made to it by some Individuals
5 Inauguration of Prince-Sovereign
6 Belgium is occupied by Allies
7 Treaty of Paris
8 Treaty of London
9 Formation of Kingdom of Netherlands
10 Basis of Government
11 Relative Character & Situation of Holland & Belgium
12 Prince-Sovereign of Holland arrives in Belgium as Governor-General
13 fundamental Law
14 Report of Commissioners by whom it was framed
15 Public Feeling in Holland, & in Belgium
16 Emperor Napoleon invades France, & Belgium
17 Prince of Orange
18 Prince Blucher
19 Battle of Ligny
20 Battle of Quatre Bras
21 Battle of Waterloo
22 Anecdote of Prince of Orange, who is wounded
23 Inauguration of King
24 1810 - 99 SUPPLEMENTARY CHAPTER