English - Logo Sight Exploration English - Logo Sight
1 About Me 8
2 Education
3 Philosophy
4 Politics
5 News
6 Travel
7 Sports
8 Funding
Exploration 11 4,120 68:40
1 1912 South Pole by Roald Amundsen 1,187 19:47:01
2 Journals of Robert Falcon Scott Vol 1 by SCOTT & HUXLEY 1,152 19:11:50
3 1920 Book of Discovery by M B Synge 990 16:30:17
4 1772 Voyage South
by James Cook 869 14:28:49
5 1890 Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 by Mahan, A T 865 14:25
All 1,160 Free Books by size
1 Countries
USA, UK, Italy, Greece, India, France, Germany, Israel, Spain, Egypt, Canada, Mexico, Russia, Iraq, Australia, China, Ireland, Japan, Iran, Netherlands, Philipinnes, Peru, South Africa, Cuba, Sudan, Congo, Turkey, Indonesia, Norway, Brazil, Czeck Republic, Denmark, Equador, Iceland, Haiti, Zimbabwe, New Zealand, Afghanistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Liberia
2 Subjects
World, Science, Religion, War, Islam, Exploration, Biography, Medieval Europe, Pirates, Legal

There are 11 Free Audio History Books about Exploration. 6 of the books are from Librivox and 3 are from Kindle. The books contain a total of 4,120 pages and take 68 hours and 40 minutes to read, which is 2 Days 20 Hours and 40 Minutes.

The Book Title section of this Chapter Page is .47 pages and is read in 26 seconds.
This Book Chapter Contents contains 7.85 pages and takes 7 minutes 8 seconds to read.

The Information Expansion Ratio is: Title to Chapter Contents is times 16.7 or 6%, and Chapter Contents to Book Contents is times 524.8 or .19%.

The largest book is Australia Felix with 862 pages, and the the shortest is Brothers-In-Law by Beck with 37 pages.

The largest Book Chapter section is Australia Felix with 2.14 pages of text & takes 1 minute 57 seconds to read.

Exploration 11 4,120 68:40
6 1907 Romance Missionary Heroism by John Lambert 529 8:49:05 242M
7 Voyage to South Sea
by William BLIGH 521 8:40:30
8 Around World in 72 Days
By Nellie BLY 366 6:05:31
9 1903 Discovery of New Worlds History From Rise of Rome to Conquest of Peru by Synge 322 5:22:15 147M
10 1550 Journey of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca 260 4:19:09
11 1900 Discoverers & Explorers
by Edward Shaw 253 2:13:17 61M
1 1912 South Pole
by Roald Amundsen
296,750W 1,187 19:47:01 543M
1 Dedication, 1st Account, Introduction
V1
1 History of South Pole
2 Plan & Preparations
3 On Way to South
4 From Madeira to Barrier
5 On Barrier
6 Depot Journeys
7 Preparing for Winter
8 Day at Franheim
9 end of Winter
10 Start for Pole
11 Through Mountains
V2
1 At Pole
2 Return to Framheim
3 Northward
4 Eastern Sledge Journey
5 Voyage of Fram
2 Journals of Robert Falcon Scott Vol 1
by Robert Falcon SCOTT 1868 - 1912 & Leonard HUXLEY 1860 - 1933
1,152 19:11:50
1 Preface & Expedition Members
2 Through Stormy Seas
3 In Pack
4 Land
5 Settling In
6 Depôt Laying To One Ton Camp
7 Adventure & Peril
8 At Discovery Hut
9 Home Impressions & an Excursion
10 Work & Workers
11 Winter Quarters: Modern Style
12 To Midwinter Day
13 Awaiting Crozier
14 Return of Sun
15 Preparations: Spring Journey
16 Last Weeks at Cape Evans
17 Southern Journey: Barrier Stage
18 On Beardmore Glacier
19 Summit Journey to Pole
20 Return from Pole
21 Last March

3 1920 Book of Discovery by M B Synge 247,500W 990 16:30:17 453M

74 Chapters
4 1772 Voyage South
by James Cook 1728-79
217,250W 869 14:28:49 397M
1
1 Passage from Deptford to Cape of Good Hope
2 Departure from Cape of Good Hope
3 Sequel of Search for Southern Continent
4 Transactions in Dusky Bay
5 Directions for Sailing in & out of Dusky Bay
6 Passage from Dusky Bay to Queen Charlotte's Sound
7 Captain Furneau's Narrative
8 Transactions in Queen Charlotte's Sound
9 Route from New Zealand to Otaheite
10 Arrival of Ships at Otaheite
11 Account of Several Visits To & From Otoo
12 An Account of Reception we were met with at Huaheine
13 Arrival at & Departure of Ships from Ulietea
14 Account of a Spanish Ship Visiting Otaheite
2
1 Passage from Ulietea to Friendly Islands
2 Arrival of Ships at Amsterdam
3 A Description of Island & Their Produce
4 A Passage from Amsterdam to Queen Charlotte's Sound
5 Transactions at Queen Charlotte's Sound
6 Route of Ship from New Zealand in Search of a Continent
7 Sequel of Passage from New Zealand to Easter Island
8 A Description of Island
9 Passage from Easter Island to Marquesas Islands
10 Departure from Marquesas
11 A Description of Several Islands Discovered
12 Some Account of a Visit from Otoo, Toha & Several Other Cheifs
13 Preparations to Leave Island
14 Arrival of Ship at Island of Huahaine
15 Arrival At Ulietea
5 1890 Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 by Mahan, A T (Alfred Thayer) 216,169W 865 14:25
1 Introduction
2 Discussion of Elements of Sea Power
3 1660 State of Europe 1665 - 7 2nd Anglo-Dutch War, Sea Battles of Lowestoft & 4 Days
4 1672 - 8
5 English Revolution 1688 - 97 War of League of Augsburg, Sea Battles of Beachy Head & La Hougue
6 1702 - 11
7 1711 - 39
8 1739 - 44
9 1756 - 78
10 1778
11 1778 - 81 Maritime War in North America & West Indies, Its Influence upon Course of American Revolution Fleet Actions off Grenada, Dominica, & Chesapeake Bay
12 1779 - 82
13 1778 - 81 Events in East Indies, 1781 Suffren sails from Brest for India, 1782 - 3 His Brilliant Naval Campaign in Indian Seas,
14 1781 - 2 Events in West Indies after Surrender of Yorktown Encounters of De Grasse with Hood Sea Battle of Saints
15 1778 Critical Discussion of Maritime War
6 1907 Romance Missionary Heroism
by John Lambert 1857-1917
132,250W 529 8:49:05 242M
1 In Steps & Deserts of Mongolia
2 In Country of Telugus
3 Japanese Romance
4 From Far Formosa
5 Heroine of Tibet
6 Savior of Liao Yang
7 Hero of Uganda
8 Lion Hearted Bishop
9 Pioneers in Nyasland
10 Vortrekkers is Barotseland
11 Pioneer in Garenganze
12 Tramp Through Great Pygmy Forest
13 Among Indians & Eskimo of Hudson Bay
14 Praying Master of Redskins
15 Land of Dakotas
16 Forests of Guiana
17 Sailer Missionary of Tierra Del Fuego
18 Schooner of Kepler Island
19 Martyr Bishop of Melanesia
20 One of Unreturning Brave
21 Father Damien of Molokai
22 Among Cannibal Islands
23 Apostle of New Hebrides
24 Kapiolani & Goddess of Volcano
7 Voyage to South Sea
by William BLIGH 1754 - 1817
130,250W 521 8:40:30
1 Advertisement
2 Plan of Expedition
3 Departure from England
4 Passage towards Cape of Good Hope
5 Passage towards Van Diemen's Land
6 Arrive at Otaheite
7 Account of an English Ship
8 theft committed
9 Expedition to Tettaba after a Heifer
10 Walk into Country
11 Ship's Cable cut in Night
12 Arrival of an Arreoy Woman from Tethuroa
13 At Island Huaheine
14 Mutiny in Ship
15 Proceed in Launch to Island Tofoa
16 Passage towards New Holland
17 Progress along Coast of New Holland
18 Passage from New Holland to Island Timor
19 At Coupang
20 From Timor to Batavia
21 Occurrences at Batavia thence to England
8 Around World in Seventy-Two Days
By Nellie BLY (1864 - 1922)
91,500W 366 6:05:31
1 Proposal to Girdle Earth
2 Start
3 Southampton to Jules Verne's
4 Jules Verne at Home
5 On to Brindisi
6 American Heiress
7 "2 Beautiful Black Eyes"
8 Aden to Colombo
9 Delayed 5 Days
10 In Pirate Seas
11 Against Monsoon
12 British China
13 Christmas in Canton
14 To Land of Mikado
15 120 Hours in Japan
16 Across Pacific
17 Across Continent
18 Record
9 1903 Discovery of New Worlds History From Rise of Rome to Conquest of Peru
by Synge
80,500W W 322 5:22:15 147M
1 Roman World
2 A Great World Power
3 Voyage & Shipwreck
4 Tragedy of Nero
5 Great Fire in Rome
6 Destruction of Pompey
7 Marcus Aurilius
8 Decline of Roman Empire
9 Christians to Lions
10 New Rome
11 Armies of North
12 Dark Ages
13 King Arthur & his Knights
14 hero of Two Nations
15 Hardy Northmen
16 Now Northmen Conquered England
17 A Spanish hero
18 1st Crusade
19 Frederick Barbarossa
20 3rd Crusade
21 Days of Chivalry
22 Queen of Adriatic
23 Story of Marco Polo
24 Dante's Great Poem
25 Maid of Orleans
26 Sea of Darkness
27 Prince Henry Sailer
28 Famous Voyage
29 Invention of Printing
30 Stormy Cape
31 Vasco De Gamas Great Voyage
32 India Last
33 New Trade Route
34 Golden Goa
35 Christopher Columbus
36 Last of Moors
37 Discovery of New World
38 West Indies
39 Columbus in Chains
40 A Great Escape
41 Follow Leader
42 Discovery of Pacific
43 Magellans Great Plan
44 Magellans Straits
45 Round World
46 Finding of Mexico
47 Montezuma
48 Siege & Fall of Mexico
49 Conquest of Peru
50 A Great Awakening
10 Journey of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca by Alvar Núñez Cabeza de VACA (c 1488 - 1558), translated
by Fanny BANDELIER 1869 - 1936
65,000W 260 4:19:09
11 1900 Discoverers & Explorers
by Edward Shaw
63,250W 253 2:13:17 61M
1 Beliefs as to World 400 Years Ago
2 Marco Polo
3 Columbus
4 Vasco de Gama
5 John & Sebasian Cabot's Voyages
6 Amerigo Vespuchi
7 Ponce De Leon
8 Balboa
9 Magellan
10 Hernando Cortez
11 Fransisco Pizzaro
12 Ferdinand De Soto
13 Great River Amazon & El Dorado
14 Verrazzano
15 Famous Voyage of Sir Frances Drake -1577
16 Henry Hudson
3 1920 Book of Discovery by M B Synge 247,500W 990 16:30:17 453M M
1 Little Old World
2 Early Mariners
3 Is World Flat
4 Herodotus Traveller
5 Alexander Great Explores India
6 Pytheas finds British Isles
7 Julius Caesar as Explorer
8 Strabo's Geography
9 Roman Empire & Pliny
10 Ptolemy's Maps
11 Pilgrim Travellers
12 Irish Explorers
13 After Mohammed
14 Vikings Sail Northern Seas
15 Arab Wayfarers
16 Travellers to East
17 Marco Polo
18 End of Medieval Exploration
19 Medieval Maps
20 Prince Henry of Portugal
21 Bartholemew Diaz Reaches Stormy Cape
22 Chrisopher Columbus
23 Great New World
24 Vasco de Gama Reaches India
25 Discovery of Spice Islands
26 Balboa Sees Pacific Ocean
27 Magellan Sails Round World
28 Cortez Explores & Conquers Mexico
29 Explorers in South America
30 Cabot Sails to Newfoundland
31 Jocque Cartier Explores Canada
32 Search for a North West Passage
33 Frobisher Searches for a North West Passage
34 Drake's Famous Voyage Round World
35 Davis Straight
36 Barents Sails to Spitzbergen
37 Hudson Finds his Bay
38 Baffin Finds his bay
39 Sir Walter Raleigh Searches for El Dorado
40 Champlain Discovers Lake Ontario
41 Early Discoveries of Australia
42 Tazman Finds Tazmania
43 Dampier Discovers his Straight
44 Berhing finds his Straight
45 Cook Discovers New Zealand
46 Cook's 3rd Voyage & Death
47 Bruce's Travels in Abyssinia
48 Mungo Park & Niger
49 Vancouver Discovers His Island
50 Mackenzie & his River
51 Parry Discovers Lancaster Sound
52 Frozen North
53 Franklin's land Voyage to North
54 Parry's Polar Voyage
55 Search for Timbuktu
56 Landers Discover Mouth of Niger
57 Ross Discovers North Magnetic Pole
58 Flinders Names Australia
59 Sturts Discoveries in Australia
60 Ross Makes Discoveries in Antarctic Seas
61 Franklin Discovers North West Passage
62 David Livingstone
63 Burton & Speke in Central Africa
64 Livingstone Traces Lake Sirwa & Nyassa
65 Expedition to Victoria Nyanza
66 Baker finds Albert Nyanza
67 Livingstone's Last Journey
68 Through Dark Continent
69 Nordenskiold Finds North West Passage
70 Exploration of Tibet
71 Nansen Reaches Farthest North
72 Perry Reaches North Pole
73 Quest for South Pole
74 Dates of Cheif Events
 
5 1890 Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 by Mahan, A T (Alfred Thayer) 216,169W 865 14:25
1 Introduction
1 History of Sea Power one of contest between nations, therefore largely military
2 Permanence of teachings of history
3 Unsettled condition of modern naval opinion
4 Contrasts between historical classes of war-ships
5 Essential distinction between weather & lee gage
6 Analogous to other offensive & defensive positions
7 Consequent effect upon naval policy
8 Lessons of history apply especially to strategy
9 Less obviously to tactics, but still applicable
2 Discussion of Elements of Sea Power
1 sea a great common
2 Advantages of water-carriage over that by land
3 Navies exist for protection of commerce
4 Dependence of commerce upon secure seaports
5 Development of colonies & colonial posts
6 Links in chain of Sea Power: production, shipping, colonies
7 General conditions affecting Sea Power:
1 Geographical position
2 Physical conformation
3 Extent of territory
4 Number of population
5 National character
6 Character & policy of governments
8 Holland
9 France
10 Influence of colonies on Sea Power
11 United States:
12 Its weakness in Sea Power
13 Its chief interest in internal development
14 Danger from blockades
15 Dependence of navy upon shipping interest
16 Conclusion of discussion of elements of Sea Power
17 Purpose of historical narrative
3 1660 State of Europe 1665 - 7 2nd Anglo-Dutch War, Sea Battles of Lowestoft & 4 Days
1 Accession of Charles 2 & Louis 14
2 Followed shortly by general wars
3 French policy formulated by Henry 4 & Richelieu
4 1660 Condition of France
5 Condition of Spain
6 Condition of Dutch United Provinces
7 Their commerce & colonies
8 Character of their government
9 Parties in State
10 1660 Condition of England
11 Characteristics of French, English, & Dutch ships
12 Conditions of other European States
13 Louis 14 leading personality in Europe
14 His policy
15 Colbert's administrative acts
16 1665 2nd Anglo-Dutch War
17 1665 Battle of Lowestoft
18 Fire-ships, compared with torpedo-cruisers
19 group formation
20 order of battle for sailing-ships
21 1666 4 Days' Battle
22 Military merits of opposing fleets
23 Soldiers commanding fleets, discussion
24 1667 Ruyter in Thames
25 1667 Peace of Breda
26 Military value of commerce-destroying
4 1672 - 8
1 1672 - 4 War of England & France in Alliance against United Provinces
2 1674 - 8 Finally, of France against Combined Europe
3 Sea Battles of Solebay, Texel, & Stromboli
4 Aggressions of Louis 14 on Spanish Netherlands
5 Policy of United Provinces
6 Triple alliance between England, Holland, & Sweden
7 Anger of Louis 14
8 Leibnitz proposes to Louis to seize Egypt
9 His memorial
10 Bargaining between Louis 14 & Charles 2
11 2 kings declare war against United Provinces
12 Military character of this war
13 Naval strategy of Dutch
14 Tactical combinations of De Ruyter
15 Inefficiency of Dutch naval administration
16 1672 Battle of Solebay
17 Tactical comments
18 Effect of battle on course of war
19 Land campaign of French in Holland
20 Murder of John De Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland
21 Accession to power of William of Orange
22 Uneasiness among European States
23 1673 Naval battles off Schoneveldt
24 1673 Naval battle of Texel
25 Effect upon general war
26 Equivocal action of French fleet
27 General ineffectiveness of maritime coalitions
28 Military character of De Ruyter
29 Coalition against France
30 Peace between England & United Provinces
31 Sicilian revolt against Spain
32 1676 Battle of Stromboli
33 Illustration of Clerk's naval tactics
34 De Ruyter killed off Agosta
35 England becomes hostile to France
36 Sufferings of United Provinces
37 1678 Peace of Nimeguen
38 Effects of war on France & Holland
39 Notice of Comte d'Estrées
5 English Revolution 1688 - 97 War of League of Augsburg, Sea Battles of Beachy Head & La Hougue
1 Aggressive policy of Louis 14
2 State of French, English, & Dutch navies
3 Accession of James 2
4 Formation of League of Augsburg
5 Louis declares war against Emperor of Germany
6 Revolution in England
7 Louis declares war against Unied Provinces
8 William & Mary crowned
9 James 2 lands in Ireland
10 Misdirection of French naval forces
11 William 3 lands in Ireland
12 1690 Naval battle of Beachy Head,
13 Tourville's military character
14 1690 Battle of Boyne
15 End of struggle in Ireland
16 1692 Naval battle of La Hougue
17 Destruction of French ships
18 Influence of Sea Power in this war
19 Attack & defence of commerce
20 Peculiar characteristics of French privateering
21 1697 Peace of Ryswick
22 Exhaustion of France: its causes
6 1702 - 11
1 1702 - 13 War of Spanish Succession, Sea Battle Of Malaga
2 Failure of Spanish line of House of Austria
3 King of Spain wills succession to Duke of Anjou
4 Death of King of Spain
5 Louis 14 accepts bequests
6 He seizes towns in Spanish Netherlands
7 Offensive alliance between England, Holland, & Austria
8 allies proclaim Carlos 3 King of Spain
9 Declarations of war
10 Affair of Vigo galleons
11 Portugal joins allies
12 Character of naval warfare
13 Capture of Gibraltar by English
14 1704 Naval battle of Malaga
15 Decay of French navy
16 Progress of land war
17 Allies seize Sardinia & Minorca
18 Disgrace of Marlborough
19 England offers terms of peace
20 1713 Peace of Utrecht
21 Terms of peace
22 Results of war to different belligerents
23 Commanding position of Great Britain
24 Sea Power dependent upon both commerce & naval strength
25 Peculiar position of France as regards Sea Power
26 Depressed condition of France
27 Commercial prosperity of England
28 Ineffectiveness of commerce-destroying
29 1711 Duguay-Trouin's expedition against Rio de Janeiro
30 War between Russia & Sweden
7 1711 - 39
1 Regency in France
2 Alberoni in Spain
3 Policies of Walpole & Fleuri
4 War of Polish Succession
5 English Contraband Trade in Spanish America
6 Great Britain declares War against Spain
7 1715 - 39
8 Death of Queen Anne & Louis 14
9 Accession of George 1
10 Regency of Philip of Orleans
11 Administration of Alberoni in Spain
12 Spaniards invade Sardinia
13 Alliance of Austria, England, Holland, & France
14 Spaniards invade Sicily
15 1718 Destruction of Spanish navy off Cape Passaro
16 Failure & dismissal of Alberoni
17 Spain accepts terms
18 Great Britain interferes in Baltic
19 Death of Philip of Orleans
20 Administration of Fleuri in France
21 Growth of French commerce
22 France in East Indies
23 Troubles between England & Spain
24 English contraband trade in Spanish America
25 Illegal search of English ships
26 Walpole's struggles to preserve peace
27 War of Polish Succession
28 Creation of Bourbon kingdom of 2 Sicilies
29 Bourbon family compact
30 France acquires Bar & Lorraine
31 England declares war against Spain
32 Morality of English action toward Spain
33 Decay of French navy
34 Death of Walpole & Fleuri
8 1739 - 44
1 1739 War between Great Britain & Spain
2 1740 War of Austrian Succession
3 1744 France joins Spain against Great Britain
4 Sea Battles of Matthews, Anson, & Hawke
5 1748 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
6 1739 - 3 Characteristics of wars
7 Neglect of navy by French government
8 Colonial possessions of French, English, & Spaniards
9 Dupleix & La Bourdonnais in India
10 Condition of contending navies
11 Expeditions of Vernon & Anson
12 Outbreak of War of Austrian Succession
13 England allies herself to Austria
14 Naval affairs in Mediterranean
15 Influence of Sea Power on war
8 1744 - 56
16 1744 Naval battle off Toulon
17 Causes of English failure
18 Courts-martial following action
19 Inefficient action of English navy
20 1745 Capture of Louisburg by New England colonists
21 Causes which concurred to neutralize England's Sea Power
22 France overruns Belgium & invades Holland
23 Naval actions of Anson & Hawke
24 Brilliant defence of Commodore l'Étenduère
25 Projects of Dupleix & La Bourdonnais in East Indies
26 Influence of Sea Power in Indian affairs
27 La Bourdonnais reduces Madras
28 1748 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
29 Madras exchanged for Louisburg
30 Results of war
31 Effect of Sea Power on issue
 
9 1756 - 78
1 1756 - 63 7 Years' War
2 England's Overwhelming Power & Conquests on Seas, in North America, Europe, & East & West Indies
3 Sea Battles: Byng off Minorca: Hawke & Conflans: Pocock & D'Aché in East Indies
4 Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle leaves many questions unsettled
5 Dupleix pursues his aggressive policy
6 He is recalled from India
7 His policy abandoned by French
8 Agitation in North America
9 1755 Braddock's expedition
10 Seizure of French ships by English, while at peace
11 1756 French expedition against Port Mahon
12 Byng sails to relieve place
13 1756 Byng's action off Port Mahon,
14 Characteristics of French naval policy
15 Byng returns to Gibraltar
16 He is relieved, tried by court-martial, & shot
17 Formal declarations of war by England & France
18 England's appreciation of maritime character of war
19 France is drawn into a continental struggle
20 1756 - 63 7 Years' War begins
21 Pitt becomes Prime Minister of England
22 Operations in North America
23 1758 Fall of Louisburg,
24 1759 Fall of Quebec, & 1760 Montreal
25 Influence of Sea Power on continental war
26 English plans for general naval operations
27 Choiseul becomes Minister in France
28 He plans an invasion of England
29 1759 Sailing of Toulon fleet
30 Its disastrous encounter with Boscawen
31 Consequent frustration of invasion of England
32 Project to invade Scotland
33 Sailing of Brest fleet
34 1759 Hawke falls in with it & disperses it
35 Accession of Charles 3 to Spanish throne
36 Death of George 2
37 Clive in India
38 1757 Battle of Plassey
39 Decisive influence of Sea Power upon issues in India
40 1758 - 9 Naval actions between Pocock & D'Aché
41 Destitute condition of French naval stations in India
42 French fleet abandons struggle
43 Final fall of French power in India
44 Ruined condition of French navy
45 Alliance between France & Spain
46 England declares war against Spain
47 Rapid conquest of French & Spanish colonies
48 French & Spaniards invade Portugal
49 invasion repelled by England
50 Severe reverses of Spaniards in all quarters
51 Spain sues for peace
52 Losses of British mercantile shipping
53 Increase of British commerce
54 Commanding position of Great Britain
55 Relations of England & Portugal
56 Terms of Treaty of Paris
57 Opposition to treaty in Great Britain
58 Results of maritime war
59 Results of continental war
60 Influence of Sea Power in countries politically unstable
61 Interest of United States in Central American Isthmus
62 Effects of 7 Years' War on later history of Great Britain
63 Subsequent acquisitions of Great Britain
64 British success due to maritime superiority
65 Mutual dependence of seaports & fleets
 
10 1778
1 1778 Course of Events from Peace of Paris
2 Maritime War Consequent upon American Revolution
3 Sea Battle off Ushant
4 French discontent with Treaty of Paris
5 Revival of French navy
6 Discipline among French naval officers of time
7 Choiseul's foreign policy
8 Domestic troubles in Great Britain
9 Controversies with North American colonies
10 Genoa cedes Corsica to France
11 Dispute between England & Spain about Falkland Islands
12 Choiseul dismissed
13 Death of Louis 15
14 Naval policy of Louis 16
15 1778 Characteristics of maritime war
16 Instructions of Louis 16 to French admirals
17 Strength of English navy
18 Characteristics of military situation in America
19 line of Hudson
20 Burgoyne's expedition from Canada
21 Howe carries his army from New York to Chesapeake
22 1777 Surrender of Burgoyne
23 American privateering
24 Clandestine support of Americans by France
25 Treaty between France & Americans
26 Vital importance of French fleet to Americans
27 military situation in different quarters of globe
28 Breach between France & England
29 Sailing of British & French fleets
30 1778 Battle of Ushant
31 Position of a naval commander-in-chief in battle
11 1778 - 81 Maritime War in North America & West Indies, Its Influence upon Course of American Revolution Fleet Actions off Grenada, Dominica, & Chesapeake Bay
1 1778 D'Estaing sails from Toulon for Delaware Bay
2 British ordered to evacuate Philadelphia
3 Rapidity of Lord Howe's movements
4 D'Estaing arrives too late
5 Follows Howe to New York
6 Fails to attack there & sails for Newport
7 Howe follows him there
8 Both fleets dispersed by a storm
9 D'Estaing takes his fleet to Boston
10 Howe's activity foils D'Estaing at all points
11 D'Estaing sails for West Indies
12 English seize Sta Lucia
13 Ineffectual attempts of D'Estaing to dislodge them
14 D'Estaing captures Grenada
15 1779 Naval battle of Grenada, English ships crippled
16 D'Estaing fails to improve his advantages
17 Reasons for his neglect
18 French naval policy
19 English operations in Southern States
20 D'Estaing takes his fleet to Savannah
21 His fruitless assault on Savannah
22 D'Estaing returns to France
23 Fall of Charleston
24 De Guichen takes command in West Indies
25 Rodney arrives to command English fleet
26 His military character
27 1780 1st action between Rodney & De Guichen
28 Breaking line
29 Subsequent movements of Rodney & De Guichen
30 Rodney divides his fleet
31 Goes in person to New York
32 De Guichen returns to France
33 Arrival of French forces in Newport
34 Rodney returns to West Indies
35 War between England & Holland
36 1780 Disasters to United States
37 1781 De Grasse sails from Brest for West Indies
38 Engagement with English fleet off Martinique
39 Cornwallis overruns Southern States
40 He retires upon Wilmington, N C , & thence to Virginia
41 Arnold on James River
42 French fleet leaves Newport to intercept Arnold
43 1781 Meets English fleet off Chesapeake,
44 French fleet returns to Newport
45 Cornwallis occupies Yorktown
46 De Grasse sails from Hayti for Chesapeake
47 1781 Action with British fleet
48 1781 Surrender of Cornwallis
49 Criticism of British naval operations
50 Energy & address shown by De Grasse
51 1778 Difficulties of Great Britain's position in war
52 military policy best fitted to cope with them
53 1780 Position of French squadron in Newport, R I
54 Great Britain's defensive position & inferior numbers
55 Consequent necessity for a vigorous initiative
56 Washington's opinions as to influence of Sea Power on American contest
12 1779 - 82
1 1779 - 82 Maritime War in Europe
2 Objectives of allied operations in Europe
3 Spain declares war against England
4 1779 Allied fleets enter English Channel
5 Abortive issue of cruise
6 Rodney sails with supplies for Gibraltar
7 Defeats Spanish squadron of Langara & relieves place
8 allies capture a great British convoy
9 1780 armed neutrality of Baltic powers
10 England declares war against Holland
11 Gibraltar is revictualled by Admiral Derby
12 1781 allied fleets again in Channel
13 They retire without effecting any damage to England
14 Destruction of a French convoy for West Indies
15 1782 Fall of Port Mahon
16 allied fleets assemble at Algesiras
17 1782 Grand attack of allies on Gibraltar, which fails,
18 Lord Howe succeeds in revictualling Gibraltar
19 Action between his fleet & that of allies
20 1778 Conduct of war by English government
21 Influence of Sea Power
22 Proper use of naval forces
15 1778 Critical Discussion of Maritime War
1 1778 war of purely maritime
2 Peculiar interest therefore attaching to it
3 Successive steps in critical study of a war
4 Distinction between "object" & "objective"
5 Parties to war of 1778
6 Objects of different belligerents
7 Foundations of British Empire of seas
8 Threatened by revolt of colonies
9 British fleet inferior in numbers to allies
10 Choice of objectives
11 fleets indicated as keys of situation everywhere
12 Elements essential to an active naval war
13 1778 bases of operations in war
14 In Europe
15 On American continent
16 In West Indies
17 In East Indies
18 Strategic bearing of trade-winds & monsoons
19 bases abroad generally deficient in resources
20 Consequent increased importance of communications
21 navies guardians of communications
22 Need of intermediate ports between Europe & India
23 Inquiry into disposition of naval forces
24 Difficulty of obtaining information at sea
25 Perplexity as to destination of a naval expedition
26 Disadvantages of defensive
27 1778 England upon defensive
28 Consequent necessity for wise & vigorous action
29 key of situation
30 British naval policy in Napoleonic wars
31 British naval policy in 7 Years' War
32 Difficulties attending this policy
33 1778 Disposition of British navy in war
34 Resulting inferiority on many critical occasions
35 Effect on navy of failure to fortify naval bases
36 distribution of British navy exposes it to being out numbered at many points
37 1778 British naval policy & in other wars compared
38 Naval policy of allies
39 Divergent counsels of coalition
40 "Ulterior objects"
41 allied navies systematically assume a defensive attitude
42 Dangers of this line of action
43 Glamour of commerce-destroying
44 1783 peace conditions
13 1778 - 81 Events in East Indies, 1781 Suffren sails from Brest for India, 1782 - 3 His Brilliant Naval Campaign in Indian Seas,
1 Neglect of India by French government
2 England at war with Mysore & with Mahrattas
3 Arrival of French squadron under Comte d'Orves
4 It effects nothing & returns to Isle of France
5 1781 Suffren sails from Brest with 5 ships-of-the-line
6 1781 Attacks an English squadron in Cape Verde Islands
7 Conduct & results of this attack
8 Distinguishing merits of Suffren as naval leader
9 uffren saves Cape Colony from English
10 He reaches Isle of France
11 Succeeds to chief command of French fleet
12 Meets British squadron under Hughes at Madras
13 Analysis of naval strategic situation in India
14 1782 1st battle between Suffren & Hughes
15 Suffren's views of naval situation in India
16 Tactical oversights made by Suffren
17 Inadequate support received by him from his captains
18 Suffren goes to Pondicherry, Hughes to Trincomalee
19 1782 2nd battle between Suffren & Hughes
20 Suffren's tactics in action
21 Relative injuries received by opposing fleets
22 Contemporaneous English criticisms upon Hughes's conduct
23 Destitute condition of Suffren's fleet
24 His activity & success in supplying wants
25 He communicates with Hyder Ali, Sultan of Mysore
26 Firmness & insight shown by Suffren
27 His refusal to obey orders from home to leave Indian Coast
28 1782 3rd battle between Suffren & Hughes
29 Qualities shown by Hughes
30 Stubborn fighting by British admiral & captains
31 Suffren deprives 3 captains of their commands
32 Dilatory conduct of Admiral Hughes
33 Suffren attacks & takes Trincomalee
34 Strategic importance of this success
35 Comparative condition of 2 fleets in material for repairs
36 English government despatches powerful reinforcements
37 French court fails to support Suffren
38 1782 4th battle between Suffren & Hughes
39 Mismanagement & injuries of French
40 Contrast between captains in opposing fleets
41 2 ships of Suffren's fleet grounded & lost
42 Arrival of British reinforcements under Admiral Bickerton
43 Approach of bad-weather season: Hughes goes to Bombay
44 Military situation of French & English in India
45 Delays of French reinforcements under Bussy
46 Suffren takes his fleet to Achem, in Sumatra
47 He returns to Indian coast
48 Arrival of Bussy
49 Decline of French power on shore
50 English besiege Bussy in Cuddalore by land & sea
51 Suffren relieves place
52 1783 5th battle between Suffren & Hughes
53 Decisive character of Suffren's action
54 News of peace received at Madras
55 Suffren sails for France
56 His flattering reception everywhere
57 His distinguishing military qualities
58 His later career & death
14 1781 - 2 Events in West Indies after Surrender of Yorktown Encounters of De Grasse with Hood Sea Battle of Saints
1 Maritime struggle transferred from continent to West Indies
2 De Grasse sails for islands
3 1782 French expedition against island of St Christopher
4 Hood attempts to relieve garrison
5 Manœuvres of 2 fleets
6 Action between De Grasse & Hood
7 Hood seizes anchorage left by De Grasse
8 De Grasse attacks Hood at his anchorage
9 Hood maintains his position
10 Surrender of garrison & island
11 Merits of Hood's action
12 Criticism upon De Grasse's conduct
13 Rodney arrives in West Indies from England
14 Junction of Rodney & Hood at Antigua
15 De Grasse returns to Martinique
16 Allied plans to capture Jamaica
17 Rodney takes his station at Sta Lucia
18 French fleet sails & is pursued by Rodney
19 1782 Action of April 9
20 Criticism upon action
21 chase continued: accidents to French ships
22 1782 naval battle of Saints
23 Rodney breaks French line
24 Capture of French commander-in-chief & 5 ships of line
25 Details of action
26 Analysis of effects of Rodney's manœuvre
27 Tactical bearing of improvements in naval equipment
28 Lessons of this short naval campaign
29 Rodney's failure to pursue French fleet
30 Examination of his reasons & actual conditions
31 Probable effect of this failure upon conditions of peace
32 Rodney's opinions upon battle of April 12
33 Successes achieved by Rodney during his command
34 He is recalled by a new ministry
35 Exaggerated view of effects of this battle upon war
36 Subsequent career of De Grasse
37 Court-martial ordered upon officers of French fleet
38 Findings of court
39 De Grasse appeals against finding
40 He is severely rebuked by king
41 Deaths of De Grasse, Rodney, & Hood