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Religion 25 12,402 206:35
1 Golden Bough by James Frazer 641,250W 2,565 42:44:19
2 1902 Varaities of Religious Experience
by William James 1,343 22:23:16
3 1924 Introduction to History of Religions Handbooks on History of Religions, Volume IV by Toy, Crawford Howell 1,034 17:14
4 1876 Faith of our Fathers by James Cardinal Gibbons 769 12:48:58
5 Profits of Religion by Upton Sinclair
707 11:46:27
6 1879 Supernatural Religion, V1-3 An Inquiry into Reality of Divine Revelation
by Cassels 607 10:07
7 1880 Mysteries of Nations Rise & Progress of Superstition, Laws Against & Trials of Witches, Ancient & Modern Delusions Together With Strange Customs, Fables, & Tales
by James Grant 897 14:57
8 1917 History of Religion Sketch of Primitive Religious Beliefs & Practices, & of Origin & Character of Great Systems by Menzies, Allan 603 10:03
9 1857 Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, & Natural Laws
by James Buchanan 583 9:43
10 1900 Making of Religion
by Lang, Andrew 520 8:20
11 1892 Oriental Religions & Christianity Course of Lectures Delivered on Ely Foundation Before Students of Union Theological Seminary, New York, 1891 by Ellinwood, Frank F
461 7:42
12 1920 Religion & Health
by Walsh, James J 421 7:01
13 1919 Religion & Sex Studies in Pathology of Religious Development
by Cohen, Chapman 333 5:33
14 1926 How to Teach Religion Principles & Methods by Betts, George Herbert 263 4:27
15 1909 Clergyman's Hand-book of Law
by Charles M Scanlan 253 4:13
16 1914 Reconciliation of Races & Religions by Cheyne, Thomas Kelly
214 3:34
17 1908 Reincarnation & Law of Karma Study of Old-New World-Doctrine of Rebirth, & Spiritual Cause & Effect by William Walker Atkinson 198 3:18
18 1904 Thoughts on Religion
by Romanes, George John 198 3:18
19 10 Commandments by United Church of God 88 1:28
20 1906 Vegetarianism & Occultism
by C W Leadbeater 122 1:21:16 37
21 1870 Comparative View of Religions
by Scholten, Johannes 56 56Min
22 1881 Christian Religion An Enquiry
by Ingersoll, Robert Green 50 50Min
23 1400s Christmas Carols by Boarshead 43 43:03
24 1792 Considerations on Religion & Public Education by More, Hannah 38 38Min
25 Religion & Theology: Sermon for Times Preached in Parish Church of Crathie, fifth September & in College Church, St Andrews by Tulloch, John 1823-1886 36 36Min

There are 9 Free Audio History Books about Australia. 6 of the books are from Librivox and 3 are from Kindle. The books contain a total of 4,120 pages and take 68 hours and 40 minutes to read, which is 2 Days 20 Hours and 40 Minutes.

The Book Title section of this Chapter Page is .47 pages and is read in 26 seconds.
This Book Chapter Contents contains 63.82 pages and takes 58 minutes 1 seconds to read.

The Information Expansion Ratio is: Title to Chapter Contents is times 16.7 or 6%, and Chapter Contents to Book Contents is times 524.8 or .19%.

The largest book is Australia Felix with 862 pages, and the the shortest is Brothers-In-Law by Beck with 37 pages.

The largest Book Chapter section is Australia Felix with 2.14 pages of text & takes 1 minute 57 seconds to read.

All 1,160 Free Books by size
1 Countries
USA, UK, Italy, Greece, India, France, Germany, Israel, Spain, Egypt, Canada, Mexico, Russia, Iraq, Australia, China, Ireland, Japan, Iran, Netherlands, Philipinnes, Peru, South Africa, Cuba, Sudan, Congo, Turkey, Indonesia, Norway, Brazil, Czeck Republic, Denmark, Equador, Iceland, Haiti, Zimbabwe, New Zealand, Afghanistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Liberia
2 Subjects
World, Science, Religion, War, Islam, Exploration, Biography, Medieval Europe, Pirates, Legal
1 Golden Bough by James Frazer 641,250W 2,565 42:44:19 1.14G
69 Chapters
2 1902 Varaities of Religious Experience
by William James 1842-1910
335,750W 1,343 22:23:16 614M
1 Religion & Neurology
2 Circumscription of Topic
3 Reality of Unseen
4 Religion of Healthy Mindedness
5 Religion of Healthy Mindedness
6 Sick Soul
7 Divided Self & Process of it's Unification
8 Conversion
9 Saintliness
10 Value of Saintliness
11 Mysticism
12 Philosophy
13 Other Characteristics
3 1924 Introduction to History of Religions Handbooks on History of Religions, Volume IV by Toy, Crawford Howell 258,466W 1,034 17:14
1 NATURE OF RELIGION
2 SOUL
3 EARLY RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES
4 EARLY CULTS
5 TOTEMISM & TABOO
6 GODS
7 MYTHS
8 MAGIC & DIVINATION
9 HIGHER THEISTIC DEVELOPMENT
10 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGION
11 SCIENTIFIC & ETHICAL ELEMENTS IN RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS
4 1876 Faith of our Fathers
by James Cardinal Gibbons 1834-1921
192,250W 769 12:48:58 352M
1 Blessed Trinity, Incarnation, Etc
2 Unity of Church
3 Holiness of Church
4 Catholicity
5 Apostolicity
6 Perpetuity of Church
7 Infallible Authority of Church
8 Church & Bible
9 Primacy of Peter
10 Supremacy of Popes
11 Infallibility of Popes
12 Temporal Power of Popes
13 Invocation of Saints
14
1 Blessed Virgin Mary - Is It Lawful to Honor Blessed Virgin Mary as Saint
2 Blessed Virgen Mary - Is It Lawful to Invoke Her Is it Lawful to Imitate Her as Model
15 Sacred Images
16 Purgatory & Prayers for Dead
17 Civil & Religious Liberty
18 Charges of Religious Persecution
19 Grace, Sacraments, Original Sin, Baptism, It's Neccesity, Its Effects, manner of Baptizing
20 Sacraments of Confirmation
21 Holy Eucharist
22 Communion Under One Kind
23 Sacrifice of Mass
24 Use of Religious Ceremonies Dictated by Right Reason
25 Ceremonials of Mass
26
1 Sacrament of Penance Divine Institution of Sacrament of Penance
2 Sacrament of Penance On Relative Morality Of Catholic & Protestant Countries
27 Indulgences
28 Extreme Unction
29 Priesthood
30 Celibacy of Clergy
31 Matrimony
5 Profits of Religion
by Upton Sinclair
176,750W 707 11:46:27 323M
1 Church of Conquerors
2 Church of Good Society
3 Church of Servant Girls
4 Church of Slavers
5 Church of Merchants
6 Church of Quacks
7 Curch of Social Revolution
6 1879 Supernatural Religion, V1-3 An Inquiry into Reality of Divine Revelation
by Cassels
151,750W 607 10:07
7 1880 Mysteries of Nations Rise & Progress of Superstition, Laws Against & Trials of Witches, Ancient & Modern Delusions Together With Strange Customs, Fables, & Tales
by James Grant 224,166W 897 14:57
73 Chapters
8 1917 History of Religion Sketch of Primitive Religious Beliefs & Practices, & of Origin & Character of Great Systems by Menzies, Allan 150,810W 603 10:03
1 RELIGION OF EARLY WORLD
1 INTRODUCTION PAGE
2 BEGINNING OF RELIGION
3 EARLIEST OBJECTS OF WORSHIP
4 EARLY DEVELOPMENTS: BELIEF
5 EARLY DEVELOPMENTS: PRACTICES
6 NATIONAL RELIGION
2 ISOLATED NATIONAL RELIGIONS
1 BABYLON & ASSYRIA
2 CHINA
3 RELIGION OF ANCIENT EGYPT
3 SEMITIC GROUP
1 SEMITIC RELIGION
2 CANAANITES & PHENICIANS
3 ISRAEL
4 ISLAM
4 ARYAN GROUP
1 ARYAN RELIGION
2 TEUTONS
3 GREECE
4 RELIGION OF ROME
5 RELIGIONS OF INDIA 1
6 RELIGIONS OF INDIA 2
7 RELIGIONS OF INDIA 3
8 PERSIA
5 UNIVERSAL RELIGION
1 CHRISTIANITY
2 CONCLUSION
9 1857 Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, & Natural Laws
by James Buchanan
145,659W 583 9:43
1 MODERN ATHEISM
2 THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT
1 COSMICAL DEVELOPMENT, "VESTIGES,"
2 PHYSIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT, "TELLIAMED," PHYSIO-PHILOSOPHY
3 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AUGUSTE COMTE
4 ECCLESIASTICAL DEVELOPMENT, J H NEWMAN
3 THEORIES OF PANTHEISM
1 SYSTEM OF SPINOZA
2 MATERIAL PANTHEISM
3 IDEAL PANTHEISM
4 THEORIES OF MATERIALISM
1 DISTINCT FORMS OF MATERIALISM
2 PROPOSITIONS ON MATERIALISM
3 RELATIONS OF MATERIALISM TO THEOLOGY
5 THEORY OF GOVERNMENT BY NATURAL LAWS, VOLNEY, COMBE
1 DOCTRINE OF NATURAL LAWS & 2ND CAUSES
2 CONSTITUTION OF MAN IN ITS RELATION TO GOVERNMENT OF GOD
3 EFFICACY OF PRAYER
4 THEORIES OF CHANCE & FATE
5 THEORIES OF RELIGIOUS LIBERALISM
6 THEORIES OF CERTITUDE & SKEPTICISM
7 THEORY OF SECULARISM
10 1900 Making of Religion
by Lang, Andrew
129,895W 520 8:20
1 CHAPTERS
1 SCIENCE & 'MIRACLES'
2 ANTHROPOLOGY & RELIGION
3 'OPENING GATES OF DISTANCE'
4 CRYSTAL VISIONS, SAVAGE & CIVILISED
5 ANTHROPOLOGY & HALLUCINATIONS
6 DEMONIACAL POSSESSION
7 FETISHISM & SPIRITUALISM
8 EVOLUTION OF IDEA OF GOD
9 HIGH GODS OF LOW RACES
10 SUPREME GODS NOT NECESSARILY DEVELOPED OUT OF 'SPIRITS'
11 SAVAGE SUPREME BEINGS
12 MORE SAVAGE SUPREME BEINGS
13 AHONE TI-RA-WÁ NÀ-PI PACHACAMAC TUI LAGA TAA-ROA
14 OLD DEGENERATION THEORY
15 THEORIES OF JEHOVAH
2 APPENDICES
1 OPPOSITIONS OF SCIENCE
2 POLTERGEIST & HIS EXPLAINERS
3 CRYSTAL-GAZING
4 CHIEFS IN AUSTRALIA
11 1892 Oriental Religions & Christianity Course of Lectures Delivered on Ely Foundation Before Students of Union Theological Seminary, New York, 1891
by Ellinwood, Frank F
115,230W 461 7:42
1 Need op Understanding False Religions
2 Methods op Early Christian Church in
3 Methods op Early Christian Church in Dealing with Heathenism
4 Successive Developments of Hinduis
5 Bhagavad Gita & New Testament
6 Traces of Primitive Monotheism
7 Indirect Tributes of Heathen Systems to Doctrines of Bible
8 Ethical Tendencies of Eastern & Western Philosophies
9 Divine Supremacy of Christian Faith
10 ORIENTAL RELIGIONS & CHRISTIANITY LECTUEE 1 NEED OP UNDERSTANDING FALSE RELIGIONS
12 1920 Religion & Health
by Walsh, James J (James Joseph)
105,264W 421 7:01
1 Can We Still Believe?
2 Prayer
3 Sacrifice
4 Charity
5 Fasting & Abstinence
6 Holydays & Holidays
7 Recreation & Dissipation
8 Mortification
9 Excesses
10 Purity
11 Insanity
12 Nervous Disease
13 Dreads
14 Suffering
15 Pain
16 Suicide & Homicide
17 Longevity
18 Bible & Health
19 Health & Religion
13 1919 Religion & Sex Studies in Pathology of Religious Development
by Cohen, Chapman
83,363W 333 5:33
1 SCIENCE & SUPERNATURAL
2 PRIMITIVE MIND & ITS ENVIRONMENT
3 RELIGION OF MENTAL DISEASE
4 SEX & RELIGION IN PRIMITIVE LIFE
5 INFLUENCE OF SEXUAL & PATHOLOGIC STATES ON RELIGIOUS BELIEF
6 STREAM OF TENDENCY
7 CONVERSION
8 RELIGIOUS EPIDEMICS
9 RELIGIOUS EPIDEMICS
10 WITCH MANIA
11 SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
14 1926 How to Teach Religion Principles & Methods by Betts, George Herbert 65,860W 263 4:27
1 Teacher Himself
2 Great Objective
3 Fourfold Foundation, What it consists of:
4 Religious Knowledge of Most Worth
5 Religious Attitudes to be Cultivated
6 Connecting Religious Instruction With Life & Conduct
7 Subject Matter of Religious Education
8 Organization of Material
9 Technique of Teaching
10 Making Truth Vivid
11 Types Of Teaching
12 Methods Used in Recitation
15 1909 Clergyman's Hand-book of Law
by Charles M Scanlan
63,339W 253 4:13
1 What Is Church?
2 Constitutional Law
3 Statutory Law
4 Unincorporated Church Societies
5 Incorporated Religious Societies
6 Superior Authority
7 Inferior Authority
8 Membership
9 Heresy & Secession
10 Excommunication
11 Elections
12 Officers
13 Meetings
14 Church Records
15 Church Tribunals
16 State Courts
17 Evidence
18 Contracts
19 Pews
20 Property
21 Religious Services
22 Bequests, Devises, & Gifts
23 Taxation
24 Eleemosynary Institutions
25 Schools
26 Parent & Child
27 Husband & Wife
28 Indians
29 Juvenile Courts
30 Libel & Slander
31 Crimes
32 Cemeteries
33 Miscellaneous
16 1914 Reconciliation of Races & Religions
by Cheyne, Thomas Kelly
53,448W 214 3:34
1 JEWELS OF FAITHS
2 BIOGRAPHICAL & HISTORICAL
3 BIOGRAPHICAL & HISTORICAL
4 BIOGRAPHICAL & HISTORICAL: AMBASSADOR TO HUMANITY
5 SERIES OF ILLUSTRATIVE STUDIES BEARING ON COMPARATIVE RELIGION
17 1908 Reincarnation & Law of Karma Study of Old-New World-Doctrine of Rebirth, & Spiritual Cause & Effect by William Walker Atkinson 49,395W 198 3:18
1 Early Races
2 Egyptians, Chaldeans, Druids, etc
3 Romans & Greeks
4 Jews, Essenes, & Early Christians
5 Hindus
6 Modern West
7 Between & Beyond Incarnations
8 Justice of Reincarnation
9 Argument for Reincarnation
10 Proofs of Reincarnation
11 arguments Against Reincarnation
12 Law of Karma
18 1904 Thoughts on Religion
by Romanes, George John
49,498W 198 3:18
1 Influence of Science upon Religion
2 Notes for Work on Candid Examination of Religion
3 Definition of Terms & Purpose of this Treatise
4 Causality
5 Faith
6 Faith in Christianity
20 1906 Vegetarianism & Occultism
by C W Leadbeater 1854 – 1934
30,500W 122 1:21:16 37 2M
1 We want best
2 More nutriment
3 Less disease
4 More natural to man
5 Greater Strength
6 Less Animal Passion
7 Economy
8 Sin on Slaughter
9 Degredation of Slaughterman
10 Ocult Reasons
11 Impure Vehicles
12 Man's Duty Towards Nature
13 Ghastly unseen results
14 better time to come
21 1870 Comparative View of Religions
by Scholten, Johannes Henricus
13,978W 56 56Min
1 FETICHISM
2 CHINESE
3 EGYPTIANS
4 ARIAN NATIONS
5 SEMITES
22 1881 Christian Religion An Enquiry
by Ingersoll, Robert Green
12,581W 50 50Min
23 1400s Christmas Carols
by Boarshead
10,750W 43 43:03 20M
1 boarshead by unknown
2 bringatorch by traditional
3 gaudete by anonymous
4 good king wenceslas by neale
5 holly & ivy traditional by KS
6 i heard bells by longfellow
7 love camedown by rossetti
8 o christmas tree by traditional
9 o come little children by vonschmid
10 o holy night by cappeaudwight
11 o little town by brooksredner
12 silent night by gruber
13 sleep holy babe by caswalldykes
14 was sail song by unknown
15 werdemunter by bach
16 what child by dix
24 1792 Considerations on Religion & Public Education
by More, Hannah
9,504W 38 38Min
25 Religion & Theology: Sermon for Times Preached in Parish Church of Crathie, fifth September & in College Church, St Andrews
by Tulloch, John 1823-1886
8,926W 36 36Min
1 Golden Bough by James Frazer 641,250W 2,565 42:44:19 1.14G M
1
1 King of Wood
2 Diana & Virbius
3 Artemis & Hippolytus
4 Recapitulation
2 Priestly Kings
3
1 Sympathetic Magic
2
1 Principles of Magic
2 Contagious Magic
3 Homoeopathic or Imitative Magic
4 Magician's Progress
4 Magic & Religion
5 Magical Control of Weather
1 Public Magician
2 Magical Control of Rain
3 Magical Control of Sun
4 Magical Control of Wind
6 Magicians as Kings
7 Incarnate Human Gods
8 Departmental Kings of Nature
9 Worship of Trees
1 Tree-spirits
2 Beneficent Powers of Tree-Spirits
10 Relics of Tree Worship in Modern Europe
11 Influence of Sexes on Vegetation
12 Sacred Marriage
1 Diana as Goddess of Fertility
2 Marriage of Gods
13 Kings of Rome & Alba 13 113 2
1 Numa & Egeria
2 King as Jupiter
14 Succession to Kingdom in Ancient Latium
15 Worship of Oak
16 Dianus & Diana
17 Burden of Royalty
1 Royal & Priestly Taboos
2 Divorce of Spiritual from Temporal Power
18 Perils of Soul
1 Soul as Mannikin
2 Absence & Recall of Soul
3 Soul as Shadow & Reflection
19 Tabooed Acts
1 Intercourse with Strangers
2 Eating & Drinking
3 Showing Face
4 Quitting House
5 Leaving Food over
20
1 Tabooed Persons
1 Chiefs & Kings
2 Mourners
3 Women tabooed at Menstruation & Childbirth
2
1 Warriors

2 Manslayers

3 Hunters & Fishers tabooed
21
1 Tabooed Things
1 Meaning of Taboo
2 Iron tabooed
3 Sharp Weapons tabooed
4 Blood tabooed
5 Head tabooed
6 Hair tabooed
2
1 Ceremonies at Hair-cutting
2 Disposal of Cut Hair & Nails
3 Spittle tabooed
4 Foods tabooed
5 Knots & Rings tabooed
22 Tabooed Words
1 Personal Names
2 Names of Relations
3 Names of Dead
4 Names of Kings & other Sacred Persons
5 Names of Gods tabooed
23 Our Debt to Savage
24 Killing of Divine King
1 Mortality of Gods
2 Kings killed when Strength fails
3 Kings killed at End of Fixed Ter
25 Temporary Kings
26 Sacrifice of King's Son
27 Succession to Soul
28
1 Killing of Tree-Spirit
1 Whitsuntide Mummers
2 Burying Carnival
3 Carrying out Death
4 Bringing in Summer
5 Battle of Summer & Winter
2
1 Death & Resurrection of Kostrubonko
2 Death & Revival of Vegetation
3 Analogous Rites in India
4 Magic Spring
29 Myth of Adonis
30 Adonis in Syria
31 Adonis in Cyprus
32 Ritual of Adonis,

33 Gardens of Adonis

34 Myth & Ritual of Attis
35 Attis as God of Vegetation
36 Human Representatives of Attis
37 Oriental Religions in West
38 Myth of Osiris
39 Ritual of Osiris
1 Popular Rites
2 Official Rites
40 Nature of Osiris Corn-god, Tree-spirit, God of Fertility, God of Dead

41 Isis

42 Osiris & Sun
43 Dionysus
44 Demeter & Persephone
45 Corn-Mother & Corn-Maiden in N Europe
46 Corn-Mother in Many Lands
1 In America,
2 Rice mother in East Indies,
3 Spirit of Corn embodied in Humans,
4 Double Personification of Corn as Mother&D
47
1
1 Lityerses
2 Human Sacrifices for Crops
3 Corn-spirit slain in his Human Representatives
2
1 Songs of Corn Reapers
2 Killing Corn-spirit
48
1 Corn-Spirit as an Animal
1 Animal Embodiments of Corn-spirit
2 Corn-spirit as Wolf or Dog
3 Corn-spirit as Cock
2 As Hare, Cat, Goat, Bull, Cow or Ox, Horse or Mare, Pig, Animal Embodiments of Corn Spirit
49
1 Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals
1 Dionysus, Goat & Bull
2 Demeter, Pig & Horse
2
1 Attis
2 Adonis & Pig
3 Virbius & Horse
50 Eating God
1 Sacrament of 1st-Fruits
2 Eating God among Aztecs
3 Many Manii at Aricia
51 Homeopathic Magic of Flesh Diet
52 Killing Divine Animal Sacred Buzzard, Ram, Serpent, Turtles, Bear
53 Propitiation of Wild Animals By Hunters
54 Types of Animal Sacrament
1 Egyptian & Aino Types
2 Processions with Sacred Animals
55 Transference of Evil
1 To Inanimates, Animal, Men
56 Public Expulsion of Evils
1 Omnipresence of Demons
2 Occasional Expulsion of Evils
3 Periodic Expulsion of Evils
57 Public Scapegoats
1 Expulsion of Embodied Evils
2 Occasional Expulsion of Evils in Material Vehicle
3 Expulsion of Evils in Body
4 General Sc
58 Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity
1 Ancient Rome
2 Ancient Greece
3 Roman Saturnalia
59 Killing God in Mexico
60 Between Heaven & Earth
1 Don't touch Earth
2 Don't see Sun
3 Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
4 Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
61 Balder
62
1 Fire-Festivals of Europe
1 General Fire Festivals
2 Lenten Fires
3 Easter Fires
4 Beltane Fires
2
1 Midsummer Fires
2 Hallowe'en Fires
3 Midwinter Fires
4 Need-fire
63 Interpretation of Fire-Festivals
1 Fire-festivals in general
2 Solar Theory of Fire-festivals
3 Purificatory Theory of Fire-festival
64 Burning of Human Beings in Fires
1 Burning of Effigies in Fires
2 Burning of Men & Animals in Fires
65 Balder & Mistletoe
66 External Soul in Folk-Tales
67
1 External Soul in Folk-Custom
1 External Soul in Inanimate Things
2 External Soul in Plants
2
1 External Soul in Animals
2 Ritual of Death & Resurrection
68 Golden Bough
69 Farewell to Nemi
 
3 1924 Introduction to History of Religions Handbooks on History of Religions, Volume IV by Toy, Crawford Howell 258,466W 1,034 17:14 M
1 NATURE OF RELIGION 1
1 Science & religion coeval
2 Man's sense of dependence on mysterious Powers
3 Early man's feeling toward them of mixed nature
4 mainly selfish
5 Prominence of fear
6 Conception of natural law
7 Sense of an extrahuman Something,
8 Universality of religion
9 Its development parallel to that of social organization,
10 Unitary character of human life,
11 External religion
12 Internal religion
 
2 SOUL 10
1 Nature of Soul Universal belief in an interior something
2 its basis
3 from observation of breath
4 of shadow
5 of blood
6 Its form sublimated double of corporeal man
7 or of an animal
8 seat of soul
9 Localization of qualities
10 Consequences of soul's leaving body
11 hidden soul
12 Origin of Soul Not investigated by savages
13 Creation of man
14 Theories of birth
15 Divine origin of soul
16 Mysteriousness of death
17 Polypsychism Early views of number & functions of souls
18 Civilized views
19 Future of Soul Belief in its death,
20 This belief transient
21 Dwellingplace of surviving soul in human beings, beasts, plants, or inanimate objects
22 or near its earthly abode
23 in some remote place in earth, sea, or sky
24 in an underground world
25 Occupations of dead
26 Retribution in Underworld
27 Nonmoral distinctions
28 Moral retribution, savage
29 Civilized
30 Local separation of good from bad
31 Reward & punishment, Hindu
32 Egyptian
33 Greek
34 Jewish & Christian
35 Purgatory
36 Resurrection
37 Powers of Separated Soul Prayers for dead
38 Genesis of Spirits Functions of spirits (souls of nonhuman objects)
 
3 EARLY RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES
1 Predominance of ceremonies in early religious life
2 They are communal
3 sacred
4 Emotional & Dramatic Ceremonies
5 Religious dances & plays
6 Connected with worship of gods
7 Are means of religious culture
8 Processions
9 Circumambulation
10 Magical potency
11 Decorative & Curative Ceremonies
12 Decoration of body
13 houses
14 official dress
 
 
 
 
15 Symbolism in decoration
1 Economic Ceremonies Propitiation of hunted animals
1 Taboos
2 Rules about eating
3 Magical means of procuring food
4 Use of blood
5 to fertilize soil
6 Sacrifice of first-born animals, including children
7 Raising & housing crops
8 Rain
9 Survivals in civilized times
2 Apotropaic Ceremonies
1 Early methods
2 Expulsion of spirits
3 Transference of evil
4 Expulsion by sacrifice
5 massing of such observances
3 Ceremonies of Puberty & Initiation
1 Training of young
2 Tests of endurance
3 Seclusion of girls
4 Rearrangement of taboos
5 Supernatural machinery
6 Mutilation of body
7 Circumcision of males, its wide diffusion
8 not test of endurance
9 nor hygienic
10 nor to get rid of magical dangers
11 nor to increase procreative power
12 not religious in origin: not form of phallic worship
13 nor sacrifice
14 nor provision for reincarnation
15 Circumcision of females
16 Object of circumcision probably increase of sensual enjoyment
17 symbolical interpretation
18 Ceremonies of initiation to secure union with clan
19 Feigned resurrection of initiate 169
20 lonely vision
21 Instruction of youth
22 Initiation into secret societies
4 Marriage Ceremonies
1 Simple forms
2 bride hiding
3 Prenuptial defloration
4 Introduction of supernatural element
5 View that all marriage-ceremonies are essentially religious
5 Ceremonies at Birth
1 Parental care
2 couvade
3 Child regarded as reincarnation
4 Ablutions & naming
5 Child regarded as child of God
6 Burial Ceremonies
1 Natural grief
2 Propitiation of dead by offerings at grave
3 Ban of silence
4 dead regarded as powerful
5 Social value of these ceremonies
7 Ceremonies of Purification & Consecration
1 Occasions of purification
2 Methods: by water, sand, etc
3 by sacrifice
4 Purification of whole community
5 Consecration of private & official persons
6 Fasting
7 its origin
8 its religious effects
9 Result of massing these ceremonies
8 Ceremonies Connected With Seasons & Periods
1 Calendars
2 Lunar festivals
3 Solar festivals
4 Solstitial & stellar festivals
5 Importance of agricultural festivals
6 Joyous
7 Licentious
8 Offering of first fruits
9 Sadness
10 eating of sacred food
11 Long periods
12 Social value of these ceremonies
 
 
4 EARLY CULTS
1 Introduction
1 Savage treatment of superhuman Powers discriminating
2 Charms & fetish objects
3 Life-force (mana)
4 not an object of worship, but enters into alliance with religion
5 Nature of sacredness
6 Luck
7 various objects of worship
2 Animals
1 Their social relations with men
2 Transformation & transmigration
32 attitudes of men toward animals
1 What animals are revered
2 Regarded as incarnations of gods or of spirits
3 Those sacred to gods generally represent old beast-cults
4 Survivals of reverence for animals
5 Beasts as creators
6 Worship rarely offered them
7 Coalescence of beast-cults with other religious observances
8 Whether animals ever became anthropomorphic deities
9 Historical significance of beast-cults
3 Plants
1 Their economic rôle
2 Held to possess souls
3 Their relations with men friendly & unfriendly
4 Sacred trees
5 Deification of soma
6 Whether corn-spirits have been deified
7 Sacred trees by shrines
8 Their connection with totem posts
9 Blood-kinship between men & trees
10 cosmic tree
11 Divinatory function of trees
12 Relation of tree-spirits to gods
4 Stones & Mountains
1 Stones alive & sacred
2 have magical powers
3 Relation between divine stones & gods
4 Magna Mater
5 Massebas
6 Bethels
7 Stones cast on graves, & boundary stones
8 Stones as altars: natural forms
9 artificial forms
10 High pillars by temples
11 Images of gods
12 Folk-stories & myths connected with stones
13 Sacred mountains
5 Waters
1 Why waters are regarded as sacred
2 Ritual use of water
3 Water-spirits
4 Water-gods
5 Rain-giving gods
6 Water-myths
7 Gods of ocean
6 Fire
1 Its sacredness
2 Persian fire-cult
3 Ritual use of fire
4 Its symbolic significance
5 Light as sacred
7 Winds
1 Their relation to gods
8 Heavenly Bodies
1 Anthropomorphized
2 Cosmogonic myths connected with them
3 Sex of sun & moon
4 Whether they ever became gods
5 Thunder & lightning not worshiped
9 Worship of Human Beings
1 Their worship widespread, with distinction between living & dead
 
10 Cult of Living
1 Worship to be distinguished from reverence
2 Worship of living by savages
3 by civilised peoples
4 Egypt
5 Babylonia
6 but there probably not Semitic
7 not by Hebrews & Arabs
8 China
9 Japan
10 Whether by Greeks & Romans
11 Not in India & Persia
12 Cults of living rarely important
13 Cult of Dead Of historical persons: noncivilized
14 civilized: in Egypt
15 Greece & Rome
16 China
17 Calif Ali
18 Greek & Roman worship of mythical ancestors
19 Dedivinization of gods
20 Euhemerism
21 Worship of dead kin
22 Ghosts friendly & unfriendly
23 Savage customs: mourning
24 funeral feasts
25 fear & kindly feeling
26 Definite cult of ghosts: savage
27 civilised
28 Greek & Roman state cults
29 Chinese
30 Divine functions of venerated dead
31 Ethical power of ancestor-worship
32 Cults of Generative Powers Nature's productivity
33 Not all customs connected with generation are religious
34 Cult of generative organs
35 widespread
36 Nonreligious usages
37 Phallic cults hardly to be found among lowest peoples
38 Well developed in West Africa
39 modern India
40 Japan
41 Most definite in some ancient civilized religions
42 In Egypt
43 Whether in Semitic communities
44 Hierapolis
45 Babylonia & Palestine
46 Extensively practiced in Asia Minor, Ionia, & Greece
47 Priapos
48 Roman Mutunus Tutunus
49 Phalli as amulets
50 female organ
51 Androgynous deities
52 Supposed Semitic figures: Ishtar
53 Ashtart
54 Tanit
55 Cyprian goddess
56 Phrygian Agdistis
57 Hermaphroditos
58 Androgynous deities not religiously important
59 Origin of conception
60 Animals associated with phallic deities
61 Christian phallic cults
 
5 TOTEMISM & TABOO
1 Totemism
1 Social protective clan customs
2 Control of marriage by exogamic organization
3 Theories of origin of exogamy (scarcity of women, primitive promiscuity, absence of sexual attraction between persons brought up together, patriarch's jealousy, horror of incest, migration of young men) & criticism of them
4 Diffusion & function of exogamy
5 Definition of totemism
6 Customs & beliefs associated with it
7 exogamy
8 names & badges
9 descent from totem
10 refusal to kill or eat it
11 magical ceremonies for increasing supply of food
12 Stricter definition of totemism
13 Geographical distribution of totemic usages
14 Australia
15 Torres Straits Islands
16 British New Guinea
17 Melanesia
18 Micronesia & Polynesia
19 Indonesia
20 India
21 North America
22 Africa
23 Supposed traces in civilized peoples
24 permanent element in totemism
25 Conditions favorable & unfavorable to totemistic organization
26 economic
27 individualistic institutions (secret societies, guardian spirits)
28 political
29 religious
30 lines of progress to which totemism succumbs
31 Theories of Origin of Totemism
32 Individualistic Theories
33 Confusion between names & things
34 Animal or plant held to be incarnation of dead man
35 Body of an animal as magical apparatus
36 Animals as places of deposit of souls
37 An object that influences mother at conception, of which child may not eat
38 Animals & plants as incarnations of souls of dead
39 Criticism
40 Theories Based on Clan Action clan chooses an animal or plant as friend
41 totem clan badge
42 Coöperation of groups to supply particular foods
43 totem god incarnate in every member of clan
44 Summing-up on origin of totemism
45 Social function of totemism
46 Whether it produced domestication of animals & plants
47 Its relation to religion
48 totem as helper
49 Whether totem is ever worshiped
50 or ever becomes god
2 Taboo
1 Its relation to ethics
2 It has to do with dangerous objects & acts
3 Classes of taboo things
1 those connected with conception of life (parents & children)
2 with death
3 with women & relation between sexes
4 with great personages
5 with industrial pursuits
6 with other important social events (expulsion of spirits, sacred seasons, war, etc )
7 with moon: fear of celest phenomena
8 observation of lunations
9 new moon & full moon
10 Whether Hebrew sabbath was originally full-moon day
11 7 day week
12 Prohibitions connected with lucky & unlucky days
13 Punishment of violation of taboo
14 Removal of taboos
15 Taboo & magic
16 Modification of taboo by civil law
17 Despotism of taboo
18 Duration of taboo periods
19 Diffusion of taboo customs
20 Traces in ancient civilized communities
21 Indications of former general prevalence
22 Causes of disappearance
23 Rôle of taboo in history of religion
 
 
6 GODS
1 How gods differ from other supernatural beings
2 Early mythical founders of culture
1 Clan Gods (including divinized men)
1 In lower tribes
2 In civilized nations
3 One class of Greek "heroes,"
4 Historical importance of clan gods
2 Departmental Gods
1 In half-civilised communities
2 In Maya, Mexican, & Peruvian religions
3 Among Egyptians, Greeks, & Romans
4 Supposed Semitic instances
5 Tutelary deities of individuals, cities, & nations
6 Classes of departmental gods
7 Creators
8 Gods of other world
9 Good & bad Powers
10 Conflict & adjustment
11 Ethical dualism
12 Man's attitude toward demons
13 Gods of abstractions
14 Semitic
15 Egyptian
16 Roman & Greek
17 Aryan
18 Absorption of specialized deities by great gods
3 Nature Gods
1 Their characteristics
2 Cult of sun
3 moon
4 stars
 
 
4 Great Gods
Introduction
1 Their genesis
2 Divine dynasties
3 supremacy of particular god determined by social conditions
4 Origin of composite figures
5 Illustrations of growth of gods
1 Egyptians
1 Horus
2 Ra
3 Osiris
4 Hathor
5 Neith
6 Isis
2 Hindu
1 Varuna
2 Indra
3 Som
4 Vishnu & Çiva
5 Dyaus & Prithivi
6 Ushas (& Çaktism)
7 Yama
3 Persian
1 Ahura Mazda & Angro Mainyu
2 Mithra & Anahita
3 Character of Zoroastrian reform
4 Chinese
5 Feeble theistic development
6 Confucianism & Taoism
7 Japanese No great god
8 Nature of Semitic theistic constructions
4 Babylonian & Assyrian Ea
1 Enlil (Bel)
2 Marduk
3 Ashur
4 Female deities
5 Bau
6 Ishtar
7 Phoenician & Arabian Melkart, Eshmun, Dusares, Al-Lât, Al-Uzza
8 Hebrew Yahweh
9 titles Ilu (El), Elohim
5 Greek
1 pantheon
2 Zeus
3 Apollo
4 Poseidon
5 Hermes
6 Pan
7 Ares
8 Dionysus
9 Hades
6 Female deities
1 Hera
2 Demeter
3 Maiden goddesses
4 Kore
5 Hestia
6 Artemis
7 Hekate
8 Athene
9 Aphrodite
10 Breadth of Greek theistic scheme
7 Roman
1 Nature gods
2 Jupiter
3 Janus
4 Mars
5 Saturn
6 Deities of obscure origin
7 Female deities
8 Juno
9 Vesta
10 Diana
11 Minerva
12 Venus
13 Characteristics of great ancient national religions
 
 
7 MYTHS
Introduction
1 Their historical value
2 Duration of mythopœic age
3 Period of origination of myths
4 Similarity of myths throughout world
5 Classes of myths
1 Cosmogonic
1 Creation of world
2 of man
3 Man originally not mortal
4 Macrobiotes
5 Primeval paradise
6 Final destruction of world, etc
7 Ethnogonic
2 Sociogonic
1 Arts & ceremonies
2 Relation between myth & ritual
3 Social reforms
4 Sacred places
3 Astronomical, procellar, vegetation
1 astrological
1 Storm myths
2 Certain heroes
3 Decay & revival of vegetation
4 Literary mythical histories
5 Antagonism between light & darkness
2 Mingling of myth & legend
1 Original nature of god given in popular observances
2 Interpretation of myths
3 Ancient
4 Recent
5 Influence of myths on dogmas & ceremonies
6 Fairy lore
 
8 MAGIC & DIVINATION
1 Introduction
1 Difference between their functions
2 Magic
3 Science of magic
4 Its methods
5 Relation between magic & religion
6 Magic social product
7 Magicians
8 Families
9 Women
10 Tribes
11 Power of magician
12 His methods
13 Attitude of civilised religions toward magic
14 Its persistent hold on men
15 Its historical rôle
2 Divination
1 Its nature & organization
2 Prophetic ecstasy
3 Relations between magician, diviner, & priest
3 Divinatory signs
1 Signs without human initiation: omens
2 Prodigies
3 Astrology
4 Words & acts of men
5 Parts of human body
6 Signs arranged for by men
7 lots
8 Haruspication, etc
9 Oneiromancy
10 Ordeals
11 Oracles & necromancy
12 Development of office of diviner
13 Sibyls & Sibylline books
14 Religious & ethical influence of divination
 
 
9 HIGHER THEISTIC DEVELOPMENT
1 Introduction
1 Groups into which great religions fall
2 Polytheism
1 Differences between polytheistic schemes of various peoples: Egyptian, Semitic, Indo-European, Mexican, Peruvian
2 Extent of anthropomorphization of gods measured by richness of mythology: in savage & half-civilized communities
3 Gradations of anthropomorphization in civilized peoples
4 Religious rôle of polytheism
5 Dissatisfaction with its discordances, & demand for simplification of conception of divine government of world
3 Dualism
1 Belief of lower tribes in 2 mutually antagonistic sets of Powers
2 Of great ancient religions it is only Zoroastrianism that has constructed dualistic system
3 Whether strictly dualistic scheme has ever existed
4 Manichæism
1 Problems raised by dualism
6 Pantheistic & Nontheistic Systems
1 Pantheism is revolt against separation of God & world
2 Perplexing ethical & religious questions make it unacceptable to mass of men
3 Nontheistic systems attempt to secure unity by taking world to be self-sufficient, or by regarding gods as otiose
4 Sankhya philosophy dispenses with extrahuman Powers, but recognizes soul: Buddhism ignores both
5 Greek materialism
6 General Survey of Theistic Development
7 Intervention of gods fixed by appeal to natural law
8 Persistence of belief in miracles
9 Constitution of deity constructed by philosophy
10 His moral character determined by that of his worshipers
5 Monotheism
1 general movement toward it
22 theories of its origin: that it is natural primitive form of religion, that it is result of primitive divine revelation
3 facts in case: it is not now found in low tribes
4 it is not visible in popular cults of great nations of antiquity
5 But tendency toward unitary conception of divine government of world
6 Disposition to ascribe absoluteness to some one deity in Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, India
7 Chinese headship of Heaven
8 Peruvian cult of sun
9 Hebrew monolatry
10 Demand for unity by Greek poets & philosophers
11 Judaism, Christianity, & Islam
12 Cults of Isis & Mithra: Modern reforms: Brahma-Samaj, Parsi, Babist, Shinto
10 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGION
1 Introduction
1 external history of religion history of social growth
2 External Worship
3 Establishment of relations with Powers
4 by processes
5 by gifts
6 by messengers
7 Blood is placatory as gift of food
8 Human sacrifice
9 Dances & processions
10 Preponderant importance of ordinary sacrifices
11 various kinds
12 Elaboration of sacrificial ritual
2 Theories of Origin of Sacrifice
1 Their formulation late
2 Bloody & unbloody offerings equal in expiatory virtue
32 groups of theories of origin
4 offering as gift
5 effecting union between deity & worshiper
6 sharing flesh of sacred animal (Smith & Frazer)
7 Self-sacrifice of god
8 Union through sanctified victim (Hubert & Mauss)
9 Union with Infinite effected by all religious acts (Tiele)
10 Persistence of these conceptions of sacrifice
3 Ritual
1 Its growth in elaborateness along with growth of social forms
4 Priests
1 Regulation of life, physical & moral, of priests & priestesses
2 Origin of religious prostitution: secular & religious explanations
3 Organization & influence of priesthood: Egyptian
4 Babylonian & Assyrian
5 Palestinian
6 Hindu
7 Persian
8 Greek
9 Roman
10 Chinese
11 Peruvian & Mexican
12 Influence for good & for evil
13 No priesthood in Islam or in Judaism after 70 AD
14 Its function in some Christian churches
5 Worship
1 Early places of worship
2 Development of temples
3 Forms of worship: offerings, hymns, music
4 Festivals
5 Vows, blessings, curses
6 Idols
7 their formal development
8 Conception of their personality
9 Religious function of idolatry
6 Churches
1 Individualism called forth voluntary associations
2 Savage secret societies
3 Greek mysteries
4 Whether Semites produced mysteries
5 Rise of idea of church in Græco-Roman world
6 Philosophy produced no church
7 True churches produced by Buddhism & Jainism
8 not by Judaism & Mazdaism
9 Development of Christian idea of church
10 church called forth by cult of Mithra
11 not by that of Isis or that of Sarapis
12 Manichæan church
13 Islam & certain associations that have arisen within it (Mahdism, Drusism, etc )
14 Ecclesiastical power of Peruvian Inca
15 Hindu & Persian movements
7 Monachism
1 Its dualistic root
2 India its birthplace
3 Trace in Egypt (Sarapeum)
4 Therapeutae
5 Essenes
6 Christian monachism
7 Religious influence of monachism
8 Sacred Books
1 Their origin & collection
2 Canons: Buddhist
3 Jewish
4 Christian
5 Mazdean
6 Islamic
7 Religious influence of sacred books
8 General influence of churches
9 Universal Religions
1 Actual diffusion test of universality
2 As to Buddhism
3 Judaism
4 Christianity
5 Zoroastrianism
6 Islam
7 So tested no existing religion is universal
10 Classification of Religions
1 Their resemblances & differences
2 Points in common
3 Proposed systems of classification, & objections to them
4 according to grade of general culture
5 division into national religions & those founded each by single person
6 religions of redemption
7 Religious unity, savage & civilized
8 Disadvantages of tabulated classifications of religions
11 SCIENTIFIC & ETHICAL ELEMENTS IN RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS
1 Introduction
1 Spheres of religion, science & constructive ethics distinct, but tend to coalesce, 1154
2 Scientific Element
1 When science clashes with religion, 1155: Phases in relation between 2: when there is no knowledge of natural law
2 crude conception of unity
3 no place for miraculous
4 Rise of highly personalized deities who stand outside world: age of miracles
5 Recognition of domination of natural law
6 separation between science & religion
7 Higher conception of unity of God & world
8 Scientific theories held to be not part of content of religion
3 Ethical Element
1 Religion adopts current ethical customs & codes
2 Both good 2

3 bad

4 Mutual influence of religion & ethics
5 Religion infuses nobility & tenderness into ethics
6 Religious personalities: martyr, saint
7 Evil influence of religion on ethics
8 Contribution of religion to sense of obligation to do right
9 Answers of religion to questions concerning existence of moral evil
10 concerning man's moral capacity
11 concerning essential goodness or badness of world
 
 
7 1880 Mysteries of Nations Rise & Progress of Superstition, Laws Against & Trials of Witches, Ancient & Modern Delusions Together With Strange Customs, Fables, & Tales
by James Grant 224,166W 897 14:57 M
1 Rise & Progress of Superstition
1 Serpent
2 Cain's Departure from true Worship
3 Worship of Sun, Moon, & Stars
4 Strange Story of Abraham
5 Gods of Antiquity
6 Ether, Air, Land, & Water filled with living Souls
7 Guardian Angel
8 Cause of Flood
9 Magic
10 How Jews deceived Devil
11 Witch not permitted to live
12 Diviners, Enchanters, Consulters with familiar Spiiits, & Necromancers proved Snare to Nations
13 Charms worn by Jews
14 Singular Customs & Belief
15 Prognostication
16 Allegorical Emblems
17 Marriage Customs
18 Ceremonies at Death & Bimals
19 Divi- nation among all Nations
20 Observers of Times
21 Opinion concerning Celestial Bodies
22 Power of Witches
23 Wizards
24 Necromancers' Power to call up Dead
2
1 Men endowed with Prophetic Spirits
2 Jews forbidden to consult Oracles of Heathen
3 Schools of Prophets
4 Influence of Music
5 Prophetic Mantle
6 Way Revela- tions were made
7 Bath Kol
8 Urim & Thummim
9 False Prophets Strangled or Stoned
10 Diabolical Art
11 Moloch
12 Seething Kid in its Mother's Milk
13 Smooth Stones mentioned by Isaiah
14 Sheep-head & Sheep-head Broth
15 Casting Sins into Sea
16 Fasting among Pharisees
17 Dust of Heathen Countries
18 number 10
19 Angels that had Care of Men
20 Predictions by Hebrew Women
21 Punishment in Grave
3 Egypt steeped in Superstition
1 Power of Magicians
2 Obtaining Visions
3 Demons
4 Departed Heroes
5 Gods & Demi-gods
6 Altars or Living Stones
7 Sacred Animals
8 Isis searching for Osiris
9 Leeks & Onions
10 Priests, Physicians, & Inter- preters of Oracles
11 Sacrificing Human Victims
12 Wax Pigures
13 Magic
14 Teaching of Egyptian Priests
15 Transmigration
4 Babylon
1 Chaldeans
2 Domifall of Babylon predicted
3 Worship of Medes & Persians
4 Sacred Fie
5 Gaures
6 Bii'ths & Deaths in Early Times
7 Narrow Bridge
8 An Immense Tree
9 Creation of Prophets
10 Stone to which Abraham tied his Camel
11 Adam & Eve's Trysting Place
12 Black Ai't
13 Ways of discovering whether supposed Criminal was Guilty or Innocent
14 Looking into Euturity
15 Canaanites, Syrians, & Arabians
16 Strange Eables
17 Abraham brealdng Heathen Idols
18 Altars
19 Eeligion of Carthagenians & Tyrians
20 Supremacy of Gods
5 Greek Eeligion & Superstition
1 Jupiter regarded as President of Law & Protector of Cities
2 Dreams & Charms
3 Sacred Stones
4 Omens of 'Evil
5 Sacrificing Haii-
6 Plight of Bii'ds
7 Compassing Altar to Eight
8 Love secured by Magic
9 Marriage Ceremonies
10 Way of protecting Child from Evil Spirits
11 Divers Magical Ceremonies
12 Laws as to Dead Bodies
13 Fingers & Toes of Dead Men worn as Charms
14 Preparing Body for Burial
15 Swine & Swine's Elesh
16 Drinking Toasts
17 Prophets consulted before Armies marched to Battle
18 Certain Words avoided
19 Sneezing
20 Evil Omens
21 Throwing Person overboard to save Ship
6 Roman Delusions & Customs
1 Tokens of Futurity
2 Drawing of Lots
3 Events foretold by reading 1st passage that turned up on opening Book
4 Lucky & Unlucky Stars
5 Fortune-tellers
6 Dreams
7 Omens from Appearance of parts of Animals offered in Sacrifice
8 Sibylline Books, Charms, & Incantations
9 Spirits observers of Men's Actions
10 Unlucky Days
11 Dress of Bride
12 Anointing Door-posts & crossing Threshold
13 Fii-e & Water
14 Bridal Feast & Nuptial
15 Sonfjs
16 Funeral Eites
17 Souls of Unburied Persons
18 Customs at Deathbed, & Funeral Observances
19 Hobgoblins
20 Purifying with Water & Fire
21 Appeasing Manes
22 Dead Bodies used for Magical purposes
7 Ethiopian Superstition
1 Heathen Indian Gods
2 Superstitious Observances at Marriages
3 Disposal of Dead Bodies
4 Different Degrees of Glory after Death
5 Eeverence for Cow
6 Detecting Criminals
7 Adcbessing Oracles
8 Astronomy
9 Eclipse of Moon
10 Magic
11 John Gondalez
8
1 Wizard & Man-tiger
2 Man-lion
3 Sacrificing Children
4 Offer- ings to Ganges
5 Rajah offering himself as Sacrifice
6 Various Superstitious Ceremonies
7 King's Wives & Retainers going with Dead Monarch into another World
8 An eternal Succession of Worlds
9 Apes supposed to have Human Souls
10 Worshipping Demons
11 Drinking Blood
12 Prognosticating from Cries of Beasts
13 AVitchcraft & Magic
14 Singular Opinions & Customs
15 Foretelling Future Events at New Moon
16 Discovering False Swearer
17 Offerings to Sea & Winds
18 Superstition in China
19 Superstition in Japan
9 HEATHEN GODS & GODDESSES
1 Classification of Gods & Goddesses
2 Primeval Parent Chaos- Creation- Influence of Ether
3 Celestial Fire
4 Birth & Banishment of Cupid
5 Fate
6 Eternal Decrees
7 Throne of Jove
8 Fortune & Happiness
9 Misfortune & Misery
10 Rewards & Punishments
11 Fii'st Man & Woman
12 Pan Emblem of all Things
13 Power of Heathen Gods
14 Descriptions of Juno
15 Venus Goddess of Love & Beauty
16 Rustics turned into Frogs
17 Vulcan
18 olus
19 Momus Jester
20 Carping God
10
1 Satyrs described
2 Diana's Eetirement
3 Pallas, Goddess of Shepherds
4 vile Plora
5 Pomona deceived
6 Nymphs
7 River Gods & Goddesses
8 Sirens
9 Witch Circe
10 Infernal Deities
11 Passage to Tartarus
12 Palace of Pluto
13 Judges of Hell
14 Goddesses of Destiny
15 Furies
16 Night, Death, & Sleep
17 Tartarian Regions
18 Delights of Elysian Fields
19 Festivals of Heathens
20 Sacrifices to Deities
21 Things sacred to Gods
11
1 Achilles
2 Taking of Troy
3 Acrisius's Daughter
4 Danae & her son Perseus
5 Ai'dea changed into Bii^d
6 Pluto's Invisible Helmet
7 Miaerva's Buckler
8 Mercury's Wings
9 Medusa de- prived of Life
10 Sea Monster
11 Gorgon's Head
12 Stheno & Euryale
13 Minerva's Revenge
14 Serpents & Pegasus pro- duced by Medusa's Blood
15 Tales by Daughters of Minyas
16 Punishment by Bacchus
17 Search of Cadmus for his sister Europa
18 Halcyon's Sorrow
19 Transmigration
20 Exploits of Hercules
21 Love Potion
22 Hymen
23 Jason's Adventures
24 Power & Cruelty of Medea
25 How Favourable Wind was procured
26 Marnier in which Orion came into Existence
27 False Swearer punished
28 Palladium
29 Deeds of Paris
30 Golden Apple
31 Marriage of Peleus & Thetis
32 Impiety of Pentheua
33 Rhea & her Sons
34 Scylla turned into Sea Monster
12 MYTHOLOGY OF GERMANY, GREAT BRITAIN, SCANDINAVIA, Etc
1 world Niflheim
2 world Muspelheim
3 How Ymir was created
4 cow Aedhumla
5 Ymir's Ofispring
6 Odin, chief God
7 Yalhalla
8 Queen Frigga
9 How Seas, Waters, Mountains, & Heavens were made
10 Chariots & Horses in Heaven
11 Night & Day
12 Evil-disposed Maidens
13 Creation of New Beings
14 Bridge between Midgard & Asgard
15 Sacred Fountain
16 Roots of ash Yggdrasil
17 Baldur's Dreams
18 sad End
19 Loki, Evil Spiiit
20 Hel & her Brothers- Worship of Scandinavian Gods
21 Norsemen & their Ancient Gods & Goddesses
22 Yolsung Tale
23 Odin, Loki, & Hsenir's Wanderings
24 Sword Gram
25 Sigurd's Exploits
26 What Worshippers of Odin believed
27 Erodi's Maidens & Quern
28 Gods of Laplanders
29 Sale of Winds
30 Lucky & Unlucky Days
31 Other Superstitions
13 Calendar
1 Names of Days, whence derived
2 Power of Jupiter
3 Influence of Zeus
4 God Indra
5 Origin of term "Hours"
6 Hours under Planetary Control
7 Coronation of Persian King
8 'Evils transferred to Turks & Kafirs
9 Moon's Controlling Power
10 Time reckoned by Moons
11 Strange Story
12 Heathen Gods
13 Thor's Palace
14 Thor's Power
15 Frigga's Abilities
16 Description of Seater or Crodo
14
1 Names of Months, whence derived
2 January
3 First of January, how kept
4 New Year Gifts
5 February
6 Sacrifices for purging Souls
7 Second of February
8 Virtue of Candles
9 Shrove Tues- day
10 Eating Pancakes
11 Partaking of Brose
12 Choosing Valentine
13 March
14 April dedicated to Venus
15 First of May
16 May Poles & May Fires
17 Dispute between Men & Gods
18 Superstitious Customs in Scotland
19 Superstitious Ceremonies in England
20 June Marriages
21 July
22 August
23 September
24 October
25 Halloween Ceremonies
26 December
27 Christmas Trees & Gifts
28 Misletoe
29 Privileges in Leap Year
30 Yule Log
31 Christmas Festivities
15 MIRACLES PERFORMED BY HOLY PERSONS, & INFLUENCE OF SACRED RELICS
1 St Peter, & Simon Magician
2 Clement's Mii-acles & Death
3 St Agnes
4 Miraculous Circumstance
5 St Blase's Power
6 St Agatha's Holy Life
7 St Patrick's Missionary Labours, & Expulsion of Keptiles from L-eland
8 St Ger- manus stilling Raging of Sea
9 St David & Welsh Leeks
10 StiiTup Cup & Origin of ''Pledging"
11 Elfrida's Treachery & Remorse
12 St Benedict's Power
13 St Dunstan cured by an Angel
14 olian Harp
15 St Columba's Prophecy concerning lona
16 Sacred Ducks of Ireland
17 St Paul binding Dragon
18 Saints & Frogs
19 Friars & Jesuits
20 Father Mark proof against Fire
21 Yii'tue of Holy Water
22 St Noel's Imprecation
23 St Boniface
24 Pope Silvester assisted by Satan
25 Necromancing Popes
26 St Januarius's Blood
27 St Anthony's Conflicts with Devil
28 St Anthony's Hog & Bees
29 Tradition concerning Melrose
30 St Cuthbert
31 Princess swallowed up by Earth
32 Monk Waldewis's in- exhaustible Stores
33 Holy Relics
34 Rusticus & his Hog
16 POETS & SUPERSTITION
1 Prophetic Verse
2 Bardi
3 Bards maintained by Noblemen- Queen Elizabeth & Bards
4 Effects of Prophetic Sayings & of Pipe Music
5 Messages to another World
6 Voices of Deceased Friends heard in Gale
7 Human Forms in Clouds
8 Evenings in Highlands
9 Michael Scott
10 Constant Work for Evil Spirits
11 Stemming Tweed
12 How Eildon Hills were formed
13 Ropes of Sand
14 Scott & his Magic Books buried at Melrose
15 Ossianic Poems
16 Stories by Bards
17
1 Shakspeare
2 An Outline of his Composition
3 Tempest
4 Mirando beseeching Prospero to allay Wild Waters
5 Ariel's Eeadiness to serve liis Master
6 Witch Sycorax
7 Caliban's Evil Vish
8 Neptmie chased
9 " Midsummer Night's Dream "
10 Exploits of Fairy
11 Doings of Puck
12 Titania & her Attendants
13 Ghosts & Spiiits
14 Song
15 "Macbeth"
16 Weird Sisters
17 Macbeth's Doom
18 Witches' Caldron
19 Macbeth admonished by Spiiits
20 "Antony & Cleopatra"
21 Dreadful Apparition
22 King's Death avenged
18 Poet Gay
1 "Spell
2 Hobnelia
3 Lubberkin
4 Spells resorted to
5 Valentine Day
6 Ladybird sent on Message of Love
7 Vii^tue of United Garters
8 Gipsies' Warnings
9 Knives sever Love
10 Story of Boccaccio
11 Apparition of Deceased Lover
12 Poems by Burns
13 "Address to DeilTam o' Shanter"
19 Sir Walter Scott
1 His Belief in Superstition
2 How his Tales of Eiction are composed
3 To^vn-Clerk frightened by an Appari- tion
4 Ghost that did not understand Erse, but could communicate in Latin
5 Level & Edie Ochiltree
6 Discovery of Hidden Treasure
7 "Ptob Boy "
8 Fairies' Caverns
9 Supposed Apparition in Trossachs
10 Elfin People at Firth of Forth
11 mininister taken away by Fairies
12 Dame Glendinning's Tale
13 Lines from " Marmion "
14 Fairy Knight
15 Mysterious Steed
20 Lord Byron taught Superstition
1 Byron & Maid in Green
2 Bridge of Balgonie
3 Byron's Fear to ride over it
4 His Belief in Unlucky Days & Presentiments
5 Socrates's Demon
6 Monk Lewis's Monitor
7 Xapoleon's Warnings
8 Sorrowful Tale
9 Byron's Fortune told by Sibyl
10 Hebrew Camyo
11 Abracadabra
12 Loch-na-Garr
13 Oscar of Alva
14 Byron's last Instructions
21
1 Tale by Hogg, Ettrick Shepherd
2 Aikwood Castle
3 Witch Henbane
4 Imps demanding Work
5 Michael Scott
6 Curious Spoi't
7 Dreadful Threat
8 Kats transformed into form of Men
9 Inventor of Gunpowder
10 Summoning Evil Spirits
11 Latin Language best understood by Satin & his Emissaries
12 Holy Signs & Charms
13 Effects of Friar's Blessing 2
14 Magic Lantern
15 Michael Scott's Subscribed Condi- tions
16 Imps' Song
17 Dreadful Storm
18 Warlocks' Hymn
19 EndonHill
22 Allan Eamsay
1 "The Gentle Shepherd"
2 Bauldy Clown
3 Mause reputed Witch
4 Praying Backwards
5 Sad Misfor- tunes
6 Supposed Power of Devil to raise Wind & send Rain & Thunder
7 Sir William disturbed
8 Symon's Annoimcement
9 Promise to gain Lassie's Heart
10 Witches' Tricks
11 Longfellow's '' Golden Legend"
12 " Song of Hiawatha"
23 MONARCHS, PRIESTS, PHILOSOPHERS, & SUPERSTITION
1 Superstition
2 Commencement of Monarchy in Scotland
3 King Fergus 1 crowned on Fatal Stone of Destiny
4 Signs, Assistance of Spirits, Magicians, & Fortune-tellers
5 Natholo- cus sends Friend to consult Cunning Woman
6 Her Prediction
7 Constantine & Maxentius
8 Heavenly Cross
9 Famous Standard
10 Queen Guanora's Grave
11 Fear of St Martin
12 Church's Belief in Departed Saints
13 Relics venerated
14 King bewitched by Witches of Forres
15 Evil Signs
16 Sea Monster in Don
17 Kenneth 3 killed by an Infernal Machine
18 Virtue of Precious Stones
19 Weird Sisters
20 Consulting Pythoness
21 Predictions by Druids
22 Domitian's Death foretold by Astrologers
23 Simon Magus
24 Platonic Philoso- pher
25 Emperor Julian instructed in Magic
24
1 Louis 40 & Astrologer
2 King's Enchanted Cap
3 David 1 & Mysterious Stag
4 Merlin Magician
5 Prophecies concerning Queen Elizabeth & Mary
6 Dragon
7 Predictions of Evil
8 Changing King's Love
9 Holy Maid of Kent
10 Nobles put to Death for keeping company with Sorcerers
11 James 1 of England & Witches
12 Tranent Witches & Warlocks
13 Wise Wife of Keith
14 Two Hundred Witches sailing in Sieves
15 Eaising Storms
16 Witch & Warlock Convention at Newhaven
17 Meeting of AVitches at ISTorth Berwick
18 Witches tortured in Holyi'ood
19 Devil's Mark
20 Bothwell's Fortune told
21 Witches & their Associates burned
25 Cromwell in league with Devil
1 Cromwell consulting Astro- logers
2 Memorable Days in Life of Cromwell
3 Duke of Hamilton warned of his Fate
4 Peden's Predictions
5 Traditions concerning Peden
6 John Brown Martyr
7 Linlithgow Loch Swans
8 Hereford Children
9 Great Comet
10 Conjunction of Saturn & Jupiter at Eventful Periods
11 Solomon's Power
26 DRUIDS
1 Druids laid claim to Supernatural Power
2 Representations of Sun & Moon
3 Belief of Druids
4 Beltane Feasts
5 Arkite & Sabian Superstition
6 Dancing to Song of Cuckoo
7 Initiation into Druidical Mysteries
8 Goodmane's Land & Guidman's Fauld
9 Offerings to Demi-gods
10 Propitiating Beasts of Prey
11 Sacred Cairns
12 Trees dedicated to Demons
13 Law forbidding Worship of Sun, Moon, Fire, Rivers, Wells, Stones, or Forest Trees
14 Extracts from Kirk-Session Records
15 Land dedicated to Satan
16 Midsummer & Hallow Fires forbidden
17 Yule-day
18 Order of General Assembly as to Druidical Customs
19 Old Customs ordered to be discontinued
27 Dr Stuart on Druids
1 Their Deities, etc
2 Gauls descendants of Dis
3 Funeral Rites
4 Slaves & Clients burned
5 What Pliny says
6 Tallies used in making known Will of Heaven
28 1st Ideas of Demonology
1 Rabbinical Tradition
2 Adam's Mar- riage
3 Wicked Lilitli
4 Egyptian Tradition
5 Arabian Worship of Genii
6 Christians' Opinions of Demons
7 Forms assumed by Evil Spiiits
8 Demoniacal King
9 Duty of Inferior Demons
10 Task of Benign Spirits
11 Schools of Magic
12 Circassian Opinions
13 Belief of Indians
14 Situation of Hell
15 Men's Actions recorded
16 Rewards & Punishments
17 How to frighten Demons
18 Treatment of Sick
19 Attendant Angels
20 Worship of Gods
21 Foretelling Future Events
22 Small-pox propagated by an Evil Genius
23 Souls of Deceased Persons
24 Effect of Charms
29 Heathen Devotion in Ceylon
1 Superstitious Customs among Schismatic Greeks
2 Negro Belief in Fetishes
3 Charms
4 Magic taught by Priests
5 Dead Persons metamorphosed into Seqients
6 How Gaures disposed of their Dead
7 Souls Blessed or Damned
8 Orders of Genii in Madagascar
9 Belief of Caribbees
10 Brazilian Superstition
11 Peruvian Tradition
12 American Indians
13 Demons in 16th & 17th Centuries
14 Satan in France
15 Manes, Anima, & Umbra among Greeks & Romans
30
1 Visible Ghosts
2 Superstition on Baltic Shores
3 German Legend
4 Demons in West of Europe
5 Love, how plighted in
6 Orkney
7 Monster Ymir
8 Origin of Fairies
9 Tlie Duergar or Dwarfs
10 Brownies in Ireland & Highlands of Scotland
11 9 Classes of Evil Spirits
12 Vampires
13 Man's Double or Fetch
14 Churchyard Ghosts
15 Souls of Suicides
16 Burial of Suicides & Murderers at Cross Roads
17 Luther on Evil Spirits & Witches
31 Belief & Teaching of Roman Catholic Church
1 Swedenborg's Intercourse with Spirits
2 Marcus Brutus & his Evil Genius
3 Cassius & Julius Caesar's Ghost at Philippi
4 Plutarch on Spectres
5 Socrates on same subject
6 Archbishop Bruno & Spectre
7 Haunted House
8 Spectre at Sea
9 Ghost of Murdered Man in New South "Wales
32 Spiritualism Past & Present
1 Magic taught in Leipsic
2 Spirit of Marshal Saxe
3 How Spiiits were Invoked
4 Yoices of Spirits
5 Mysterious Death of Magician
6 Unearthly Huntsman
7 Prediction & its Fulfilment
8 Estate lost at Gamino
9 Baron Shot
10 Marriage prevented by Apparition
11 Consulting Witch
12 Raising Spirit of Murdered Man
13 Murderer's Fate
33
1 Antonio Rich
2 Dreadful Announcement from Volcano's Mouth
3 3 Ghosts
4 Mozart apprehensive of Death
5 Mozart sviiting Requiem for himself
6 Messenger from another World
7 Mozart's Death
8 Ghost of Lady
9 Haunted House
10 Iron Cage
11 Youth starved to Death
12 Frightful Dreams & Dread- ful Sights
13 Dog frightened by Spirit
14 Disturbed House
15 Duchess of Mazarin
16 Madame de Beauclair
17 Compact between Living & Dead
18 Lady's Death foretold by Spirit
34
1 Sii' George Villiers' Ghost
2 Duke of Buckingham Murdered
3 Lord Lyttelton & others profaning Christmas
4 Troubled Mind
5 Apparition of Suicide
6 Neglected Warning
7 Ominous Hour
8 Lord Lyttelton found Dead at dreaded time
9 Death of an old Eoman King
10 Alarming Prodigies
11 Tales from Eddas
12 Scandinavian Warrior's Ghost
13 Icelandic Lady's Ghost
14 Fear of approaching Calamities
15 Association of Ghosts
16 Apparitions of Drowned Men
17 Christians not disturbed by Spectres
18 Band of Demons
19 Priest exorcising Evil Spii-its
35
1 Mysterious Hunter
2 Man & Horse supposed to be Devils
3 Flagellation
4 Tales of Scotch Highlands
5 Croaking Raven
6 Death of suspected Witch
7 Resort of Witches & Evil Spirits
8 Spirits hastening to Chm-ch
9 Black Man with Eyes like Eire
10 Horse breathing Smoke & Flame
36 Churchmen subjected to Onslaught of Demons
1 St Maurus rebuking Evil Spiiuts
2 St Romualdus' Conflict with Satan
3 St Frances
4 St Gregory
5 Monk in Purgatory
6 Institution of 30 Masses for Dead
7 An Excommunicated Gentleman
8 St Benedict & Blackbird's Song
9 Monk restored to Life
10 St Benedict's Sister ascending to Heaven
11 St Francis' Dominion over Living Creatures & Elements
12 St Catherine's Power
13 St Stanislaus' Miracles
14 Dead Man living Evidence
15 Dead refusing Renewal of Life
16 St Philip Nerius & Evil Spirits
17 Spirits ministering to St Erasmus
18 St ISTorbert
19 Story relating to Henry I
20 St Margaret's Triumph
21 St Ignatius
22 St Stephen
23 Satan's Hatred of St Dominick
24 St Donatus endowing Corpse with Speech
25 St Cyriacus, St Largus, & St Smaragdus, Martyi's
26 St Clare
27 St Bernard's Power
28 St Csesarius' Wonder-working Crook
29 St Giles & Hind
30 St Euphemia's Guardian Angels
31 St Francis' Spirit
32 St Bridget
33 St Denis' Spiiit
34 St Teresa & Angels
35 St Hilarian
36 St Martin
37 St Catherine's Body carried by Angels to Mount Sinai
38 St Francis Xaverius' Belief in Virtue of Bells
39 St Nicholas
40 St Ambrose
41 St Lucy raising her Mother from Dead
42 St Anastasia sustained by Bread from Heaven
43 St Thomas enduring Martyrdom in Life & after Death
44 Penance of Henry 2
45 Bar- barous Conduct of Henry 8
46 Hungarian Legend
37 MAGIC & ASTROLOGY
1 Magic Study among Learned
2 Plato & Pythagoras travelled to learn Art, & taught it
3 Speakers made Eloquent by Magical Art
4 Virtue of Gems
5 How Jewels should be set
6 When they are to be Graven
7 Cures effected by Hippocrates
8 Democritus on Magic
9 Many Charms
10 Evil Spirits
11 Magicians sacrificing to Planets
12 Magician's Power to produce Monstrous Creatures
13 Egyptian Magicians
14 Magical Circles
15 Throwing Old Shoes
16 Figures on Shoes
17 Hangman's Soul
18 Directions for raising Ghosts & Spirits
38 Josephus' Account of Astrology
1 Antediluvians acquainted with Astrology
2 Astrology after Flood
3 Magicians in various Nations
4 Compact & Confederation mth Spirits
5 Feats of Magicians
6 French Priest in compact with Devil
7 Mar- ried to Venus
8 Turning Leather into Gold
9 Novice in Magic destroyed by Spirit
10 Principles of Magic
11 Lilly Astrologer
12 Lilly consulted by Royalists
13 Astrological Predictions
39 Judicial Astrology
1 Reading Heavens
2 Lucky & Unlucky Days
3 Highland Superstitions
4 Climacterics
5 Astrologer & Charles 9
6 Influence of Moon
7 Official Air-gazers
8 Sacrificing to Planets
9 Dry den's Faith in Astrology
10 Dry den calculating Nativity of his Children
40 DIVINATION & ORACLES
1 Divination
2 Heathen Gods giving Signs
3 Sortes Proenestinse
4 St Augustine's View of Divination
5 Sortes Sanctorum
6 Divination in Greek & Latin Churches
7 Declarations
8 Divine "Will
9 How St Consortia became Nun
10 Hieroglyphic Texts
11 Divination among Jews
12- Plutarch on Oracles
13 Malthus' Belief in Oracles
14 Missionary's Opinion
15 Sibylline Oracles
16 Alectoromantia
17 Belomancy
18 Cleromancy
19 Napoleon's Belief in Cleromancy
41 SIGNS, OMENS, & WARNINGS
1 Crying in Youth
2 Image of Opis
3 Man born to Trouble
4 Bacon's Belief in Presages
5 Dugdale's Foresight
6 Sir Thomas More's Power to judge of Passing Events
7 Erasmus at Tomb of Becket
8 Sir Walter Raleigh's Predictions
9 What Tacitus forsaw
10 Solon's Predictions
11 Cicero's Predictions
12 Knox's Predictions
13 Queen Mary & Darnley
14 Death of Thomas Maitland & of Kirkaldy of Grange predicted
15 Regent Murray warned against going to Linlithgow
16 Human Body medium for discovering Future Events
17 Death Warnings
18 Appearance of Spiiits
42 Ornithomancy
1 Mohammed's Pigeons
2 Cock-crowing
3 Sacred Geese
4 Phenomenon at Rome
5 Divination by means of Sieve
6 Capnomancy
7 Catoptromancy
8 Dactyliomancy
9 Cle- donism
10 Onomancy
11 Names
12 Romans toasting their Mistresses
13 How Success in War was ascertained
14 Loss of Ships Colours
15 Regimental Standards
16 Consecrated Banners
17 Battle of Standard
18 Highland Superstition
43 Caution of our Ancestors
1 Magpies
2 Flight of Birds
3 Swarming of Bees
4 Howling of Dogs
5 Lowing of Cattle
6 Crowing of Cocks
7 Stockings inside out
8 Sign of Letter coming
9 Sneezing of Cat
10 Various Signs & Omens
11 How to prevent 111 Luck
12 Reputed Witches
13 Print of Caldron, what it denoted
14 Unlucky to pass over Balance
15 When not to pare
16 your Nails
17 Touching Dead Body
18 Funeral Processions
19 Storks
20 How to Sit
21 Marriages
22 Prophetic Phyme
23 Wed- ding Ring
24 Throwing Slippers, Besoms, Salt, & Rice after Newly-married Persons
25 Charms for Bridegrooms & Brides
26 Mothers & Cliildren
27 Rules to be observed at Baptisms
28 How to treat Young Children
44 Sweeping Floors
1 New Year & Christmas
2 "First-Foots"
3 Weather Prognostications
4 How to secure Favourable Gales
5 Superstitious Customs
6 Corpse of one guilty of Felo-de-se
7 Finding of Persons who die imseen
8 Superstitious Belief of Russian Seamen
9 Ancient Customs of Scotland
10 Friday an Unlucky Day for commencing an Important Undertaking
11 Friday as Marriage Day
12 Anecdote of Ship called " Friday "
13 Loss of Ship " Amazon "
14 Sunday Favourable Day for commencing Voyage
15 Lawyers & Clergymen, how looked upon by Sailors at Sea
16 Rats deserting Ship
17 Whistling to raise Wind
18 Legend of Yanderdecken or Flying Dutchman
19 Grandfather's Axe
20 Other Signs & Warnings
45 AMULETS & CHARMS
1 Amulets & Charms among Chaldeans, Jews, & Persians
2 Amulets among Greeks & Romans
3 Ecclesiastics forbidden to wear Amulets & Phylacteries
4 Pericles' Amulet
5 Lord Bacon's Opinion of Charms
6 Effect of Music
7 Yawning & Laughing, Fear & Shame
8 Diseases cured by Charms
9 Philosophers' Opinions of Amulets
10 Mr E Chambers on Amulets
11 Poets on Enchantments
12 Dairymaid's Charm
13 Chai-m sent by Pope to an Emperor
46
1 Ear-rings buried by Jacob
2 Solomon's Belief in Spells
3 Reginald Scot's Recipe for preserving Cattle
4 What Mr Pennant says on Charms
5 Images Powerful Charms
6 Egyptians' Confi-
7 Evidence in Amulets & Charms
8 Evil Eje
9 Cold Iron Holy Things used as Charms
10 Filing of St Peter's Keys
11 Lustral Water
12 Uses of Snow
13 Keys of Consecrated Building- Virtue of Consecrated Bread
14 Various Methods of securing Love
15 Indian Charms
16 Cure for Corns
17 Simple Plan for getting rid of Troublesome Person
18 Curing Hooping-cough, etc
47 Horse Shoes used as Charms
1 Spitting on Money to secure Luck
2 Fortunate Persons to deal with
3 Professor Playfaii on Superstition
4 Lee Penny
5 Divers Charms
6 Seer's Prescription
7 Grose on Sorcerers, Magicians, & Witches
8 Irish Shamrock Praying to Swords
9 Irish Superstition Smugglers & Brigands addicted to Superstition
10 Superstition in East- Arab Charms
11 Ladies' Arts
48
1 Earl of Derby's Death
2 Queen Enchanted
3 Image of young King
4 Belgrave on Charms
5 Childebert's Device for detecting Witches
6 Witch Burned
7 Witch Ointment
8 Men -Wolves Church Authorities' Instructions to Inquisitors
9 Killing by Look or Wish
10 King of Sweden & his Witches
11 Witches' Help in War
12 AVitches causing Plague
13 Cattle Poisoned Various Charms
14 An Angel's Charm to Pope Leo
15 Physicians' Faith in Charms
16 Inescation
17 Insemination
18 Egyptian Laws
19 Curing King's Evil
49 Precious Stones regarded as Objects of Virtue
1 Extravagance in Jewellery accounted for
2 Abraham's Precious Stones
3 Altars called Living Stones
4 Rod of Moses
5 Sacred Rings & Belts
6 Month of one's Nativity has connection with one or other of Precious Stones
7 Kings of England hallowing Rings
8 Ring preserved iii Westminster Abbey
9 lona Relics
10 Green Stone of Arran
11 Crystal kept as Charm
12 Conjuring Beryl
13 Prophetic Stones
14 Coronation Stone or Stone of Destiny
50 Trials by Ordeal resorted to in Ancient & Modern Times
1 Ordeal by means of Hot Iron
2 Plunging Arm into Boiling Water or Oil
3 Walking Blindfold in Dangerous Places
4 Weiffhino Witch
5 Extendinoj Arms before Cross
6 Swallowing Consecrated Bread
7 Ordeal among Hindoos
8 Toucliing Dead Body
9 An Inquest, how conducted long ago
10 Dead Henry's Wounds
11 Sir George M'Kenzie's Opinion of Trial by Ordeal
12 Sir K Digby on Trial by Ordeal
51 Popular Story
1 Theatberge, wife of Lothaire
2 Forbes's Memoirs
3 Trial by Wager of Battle
4 When Trial by Wager of Battle ceased
5 Trial by Jury
6 Court of King's Bench deciding Legality of Trial by Battle
7 Sir Walter Scott's Illustrations of Superstition & Trial by Battle in Olden Times
52 CURSES & EVIL WISHES
1 Curses, Excommunication, & Anathemas
2 Dii'se, Execu- tioners of Vengeance
3 Interment of Excommunicated Persons
4 Excommunication among Hebrews
5 Last Degree of Excommunication sometimes followed by Banishment or Death
6 Form of Excommunication used by Ezra & Nehemiah
7 Greek Church annually excommunicates Roman Catholics
8 Druids resorted to Excommunication
9 Bishops excommunicating Rats, Mice, Caterpillars, & other Insects & Vermin
10 Pope's Claim
11 Napoleon 1 excommunicated
12 Victor Emmanuel excommunicated
13 Inquisition & its terrible Doings
14 Pope's Fearful Curse
15 Mr Donald Cargill excommunicating King & Nobles
16 Indulgences, Pardons, & Penance
53 St Adelbei-t's Ciu-se
1 Complexion of Blackamoors attributed to Curse of Noali
2 False Accusation, & its Results
3 Ancestors of Whelphs & Guelplis of Germany
4 An Interesting Legend
5 Gipsy's Curse
6 Cruel Father & Husband
7 Morrar-na-Shean
8 Restoration of Tliree Daughters
9 Grateful Father
10 Ancestors of Sinclairs of Caithness, & of noble family of Keith
11 Curse of Moy
12 Cruel Chieftain of Clan Chattan
13 Swearing by Hand of Bride
14 Grant of Glenmorriston waiting his Doom
15 Death of Father & Lover
16 Maledictions & Prediction
17 Lady leaping from Lofty Tower
18 Mom-oes of Foulis
19 End of Relentless Tyrant
54 DREAMS & VISIONS OF NIGHT
1 Gift or Art of interpreting Dreams
2 Official Literpreters of Dreams
3 Sleep, how portrayed
4 Goddess of Dreams
5 Greeks soliciting Lispiration of Dreams
6 Xenophon on Sleep
7 Prophetic Power of Dying
8 sculapius's Discoveries in Dreams
9 Code of Menu
10 Soma-drink
11 Josephus as Seer
12 Dreadful Proposal by Josephus
13 His Fortunate Escape
14 Eastern Conjuror
15 Reading Sealed Letter
16 Sultan warned of his Death in Dream
17 Alexander's Death foretold in Dream
18 Records of Dreams in Westminster Abbey
19 Lord Falkland's Dream
20 Rev John Brown's Opinions
21 Early Chris- tian Faith in Visions & Dreams
22 Death of Friend foretold
23 Devil's Sonata
24 Marriage of Queen Mary
25 Fatality of Stuart Family
26 Death of Henry
27 France
55
1 Dreaming Dictionaries
2 Dreaming of an Anchor
3 Sick Persons
4 Raiment
5 Fruit
6 Funerals
7 Dreams sometimes to be read contrariwise
8 Dreaming of Darkness
9 Jewellery
10 Losing & finding Property
11 Fowls & Eggs
12 Flying
13 Bagpipes, Dan- cing, & Banquets
14 Dreaming of Animals, Cakes, Com, & Milk
15 Dreaming of Carrying & of being Carried
16 Angels,
17 Spirits, & Children
18 Clergymen & Cliurclies
19 Broken Watcli or Clock
20 Clouds
21 Falling
22 Flowers & Fniit Sailors' Dreams
23 Running Streams & Still Water Ploughed Ground & Green Fields
24 Presents
25 Glass, Hair, fire, Cold, Tootli, Kisses, & Knives
26 Leaping, Climbino, & Writing
27 Linen
28 Sun, Moon, & Stars, Eainbow, Snow, Thunder, & Lightning
56 LAWS AGAINST & TRIALS OF WITCHES
1 Witchcraft treated with Severity
2 Cutting out Tongue
3 Laws of thelstane
4 Witchcraft in England
5 Eoyal Writers
6 Sir Edward Cole's Opinion
7 Statute of Elizabeth against Sorcerers
8 Law of Mary Queen of Scotland against Witches
9 Law against Witches abolished
10 Sii- George Mackenzie on Witchcraft
11 Extracts from Forbes's Institute of Laio of Scotland
12 Sir Matthew Hale Believer in Witchcraft
13 Trial of Rose Cullender & Ann Duny
14 Punishment of Witches, by whom 1st countenanced
15 Pope John's Bull
16 Bishop Jewell
17 Lord Bacon & Law against Witches
18 Fearful Slaughter of supposed Witches
19 Mcdleus Maleficarum, or Hammer for Witches
20 last Persons executed in Scotland & England for Witchcraft
21 First German Printers condemned to be burned as Sorcerers
22 Reginald Scot on Fables of Witchcraft
23 Mr E Chambers's Views of Witchcraft
57 Witch-finders
1 Disasters ascribed to Witches
2 Witches' Familiars
3 John Kinnaird
4 Patrick Watson & his Wife pricked
5 Devil's Sabbaths
6 Grandeur at Satan's Feasts
7 When Feasts ended
8 Transformation
9 Witchfinder sent from Scotland to Newcastle
10 Complaints against Witches
11 Decep- tion discovered
12 Trying Witches in Northumberland
13 Escape of Witch-finder from Justice
14 Zeal of Clergy in Scotland in condemning Witches
15 Witch burned within Sea mark
16 Extracts from Kirk-session Records of Perth relative to Witch- craft
17 Witches at Kirkcaldy
18 Clerical Witch finder
58 Hmng Witch to detect Witch
1 Clerical Witch-finders
2 Agnew, Sturdy Beggar
3 Distressed Family
4 Minister's Kemonstrance & Advice
5 Fresh Afflictions
6 Prayer & Fasting
7 Spirits Speaking
8 Minister's Beply
9 Application to Synod for Advice
10 Solemn Humiliation ordained by Synod
11 Beggar suspected & hanged for Blasphemy
12 Bargar- ran Witches
13 An Esquire's Daughter bewitched
14 Physicians puzzled
15 Ministers' Visits to Bargarran
16 Presbytery ordering Days of Humiliation
17 Becourse to Law
18 Catherine Campbell imprisoned
19 Giii's continued Affliction
20 Bepresentation to His Majesty's Privy Council
21 Commission appointed to inquii-e into case
22 Trial of Witches
23 Condemnation & Execution
59 Victims of Superstition
1 Lady
2 Glammis
3 Her Trial for causing Death of her Husband & attempting to poison King
4 Found Guilty, & Burned
5 Lady Fowlis an intended Victim
6 Image of young Lady of Balnagowan
7 Elf Arrows
8 Con- sulting Egyptians
9 Hector Munro's connection with Witches
10 Charge against Sii' John Colquhoun & Thomas Carlips for consulting Necromancers
11 Love Philters & Enchanted Tokens
12 Bewitching Sii' George Maxwell
13 Witch-marks discovered before Sherifi" of Renfrewshire
14 Commission appointed by Privy Council to try Witches
15 Witches Burned
16 Litercourse with Fairies
17 Another Witch Story
60 Black Catalogue
1 James 6 & Witches
2 Complaint to Scottish Privy Council of Barbarous Conduct
3 Relics of Superstition
4 Witch-finders in Edinburgh & Leith
5 Royal Commission to Magistrates & Ministers to search for & put Witches to Death
6 Wife of Judge in Edinburgh meeting Witch's Fate
7 Repeal of Laws against Witchcraft
8 Opposition to Acts being Repealed
9 Judge of Supreme Courts against Change of Law
10 James Reid
11 Potter row Witch
12 Alexander Hamilton, Warlock
13 Devil & Hamilton burning Provost's Mill
14 Bewitched Man
15 habit & repute Witch
16 Young Laii'd
17 Dudclingston
18 Major Weir & his Magical Staff
19 Magical Distaff
20 Agnes AYilliamson, Haddingtonshire Witch
21 Elizabeth Bathgate of Eyemouth
22 Isabella Young of East barns burned at Castlehill
61 Demon of Jedburgh
1 An Apparition
2 Witch shot in form of Cat
3 Auldearne Witch
4 Sabbath Meetings with Satan
5 Farmer Breadley
6 Disinterring Unbaptised Children
7 Singularly-constructed Plough & Team
8 Attempt to shoot Minister
9 Borrowstounness Witches
10 Pittenweem Witch
11 Unearthly Horse
12 Merciful View of Witch's Case
13 Perthshii-e Witch
14 Water of Euthven Well
15 Changeling
62 Witchcraft in Aberdeen
1 Dean of Guild rewarded for his Dili- gence in burning Witches
2 Expense of burning Witches
3 Marquis of Huntly's desire to punish Witches
4 Action of Presbytery anent Witches
5 Man under Protection of Fairy Queen
6 Strathdown Witches
7 Biding on Brooms
8 Crossing Spey in Riddles
9 Disappearance of Witches
10 Madge M 'Donald of Tomintoul
11 Witches' Pool
12 Mountain Tale
13 Girl controlling Elements
14 Witch Burned
15 Caith- ness Witches
16 One of Evil Sisterhood
17 Investigation by Sheriff
18 Margaret Nin - Gilbert
19 Helen Andrew
20 Shetland Witches
21 Orkney Lady
22 Mary Lament of Imierkip
63
1 Neither Police nor Medical Men much required in Olden Times
2 Instrument of Torture
3 Torture declared Illegal
4 Berkly Witch
5 Attempt on Life of Edward 2
6 Master John of Nottingham
7 Escape of Coventry Necromancers from Justice
8 Rutland Family bewitched
9 Pendle Witch
10 Strange Narrative
11 Essex Witches
12 Witches of Northamptonshii^e
13 Bullet-proof Witch
14 Drawing Blood above Temples
15 Anne Bodenham foretelling how Law Plea would be decided
16 Strange Proceedings
17 Discovering Concealed Poison
18 Per- forming Spirits
19 Ride to London through Air
20 Impenitent Witch
64 Paying Blackmail to Yitclies
1 Demon of Techvortli
2 Persecuted Family prayed for
3 Unaccountable Sounds & Siglits
4 Drummer found guilty of Sorcery
5 Raising Storms
6 Wizard in Cromwell's Army
7 Aldermen's Children bewitclied
8 Man kissed to Death
9 "Witcli unable to say Lord's Prayer
10 Taunton Witch
11 Be\yitched Cattle
12 Mode of discovering Witch
13 Selling Soul to Devil
14 Witch Executed
15 Song of 17th Century
65 Elizabeth Style's Confession
1 Signing Covenant with Blood
2 Alice Duke, Anne Bishop, & Mary Penny
3 Somerset Witches
4 Eunning backwards round Church
5 Compact with Satan
6 Accusation against Sarah Morduck
7 Judge's Opinion of Witchcraft
8 Supposed Sufferer from Witchcraft prayed for in Church, & Subscription raised for him
9 Falsely accusing Woman of Witchcraft
10 Witch & Stolen Plate
11 Charm for Sore Eyes
12 Flames issuing from Bewitched Person's Mouth
13 Tormenting Witch
14 Jane Wenham's Witchcrafts & Trial
15 last Persons who suffered in England for Witchcraft
16 List of Persons who suffered as Witches
66
1 Scotchmen & Englishmen in America
2 Superstition in Back Settlements
3 Witchcraft in New England
4 Kev Cotton Mather's Yiew of Witchcraft
5 Judges & Witnesses overawed by Witches
6 Bewitched Persons prayed for
7 Trial of Susan Martin
8 Absurd Evidence
9 Witchcraft in Sweden
10 Commission of Inquuy
11 Day of Humiliation appointed on account of Witchcraft
12 70 Witches in Yillage
13 Children engaged in Witchery put to Death
14 De\T l bound with an Iron Chain
15 An Angel's Warning Yoice
16 Witch assaulting Ministers
17 Witches' Imps
18 Butter of Witches
19 Witches Punished
20 Horse Burned
67 Superstition in France
1 Pope John celebrated in History of Sorcery, & Magic
2 Bishop skinned alive
3 torn by Horses for Witchcraft
4 King Philij^pe & Supersti- tion
5 Extracting Teeth without Pain
6 Berne Witch
7 Sorcerers in Navarre
8 Demoniacal Operations
9 Witches meeting their Deserts
10 Maria Eenata's Witchcrafts
11 Nuns possessed of Devils
12 Jeamie D'Arc
13 Credulity of France & England
14 Fairies of Doraremi
15 Charmed Tree
16 Sparkling Spring
17 Jeanne's Heavenly Mission
18 Maid at head of Troops
19 Her Achievements
20 Siege of Orleans
21 Great Victories
22 Dauphin Crowned
23 Heroine Betrayed
24 Charmed Sword
25 Jeanne's Surrender
26 King's Ingratitude
27 Great Eejoicing at Maid's Downfall
28 Attempt to Escape
29 Trial & Condemnation
30 Maid Burned
31 White Dove risino from her Ashes
68 SUPERSTITION IN 19TH CENTURY
1 Generality of Superstition
2 Church & Superstition
3 St Mourie
4 Various Modes of Superstition
5 Charms
6 Lucky & Unlucky Times
7 Sailors' & Fishermen's Delusions
8 Weddings, Funerals, & Baptisms
9 Spae-wives
10 May Dew
11 Holydays
12 Kirk session Records
13 Fort- William Fisherman
14 Dip- ping in Fountains
15 Lochmanur
16 Holy Well of Kilvullen
17 Well of Craiguck
18 Superstition in Highlands
19 Warlock Willox
20 Superstition in Dundee
69 Ghost at Sea
1 Ghosts in Edinburgh
2 Fear of Ghosts in Glasgow
3 Fortune-telling
4 Choice of Lovers, how decided
5 Irish Story
6 How Ghost settled Land Question
7 Prophecy respecting Aigyll Family
8 Yetholm Gipsies
9 Curses
10 Superstition among Fishermen
11 Superstition among Seamen
12 Providing for Dead
13 Warning
14 Blood Stains
15 Hallow-e'en at Balmoral
16 Faith in Dreams, etc
70
1 Lizzie M'Gill, Fifeshire Spaewife
2 Predicting Storm Servants alarmed
3 Prediction fulfilled
4 Adam Donald, an Aberdeenshii-e Prophet
5 His Predictions & Cures
6 Marriage
7 Wise Woman of Kincardineshiie
8 Recruiting Sergeant
9 Higli-spirited Lady
10 Charmed Ring & its Effects
11 Elopement & Marriage
12 Em-aged Father
13 Life in America
14 Strong-minded Women
71 Edinburgh & Leith Witches
1 Superstition at Chelmsford
2 Woman Bewitched
3 Old Zadkiel
4 Incantation in Somerset
5 Turning Bible & Key
6 Woman assuming form of Hare
7 Ruling Stars
8 Superstition in London
9 How to preserve Children from Disease
10 Dreams fulfilled
11 Virtue of Holly & Ivy
12 Legend concerning Tichborne Family
13 Romantic Divorce Case
72
1 Spiritualism
2 Spiritualism not new Delusion
3 Phantoms at Seance
4 Juggling of Medium
5 Unsuccessful Effort at Vulgar Deception
6 Spiritualists Exposed
7 Medium's Deception discovered
8 Foolish Exliibitions
9 Russian Peasants & their House Spirits
10 Spirits' Care over Persons & Property
11 Death, Pestilence, War, & other Evils foretold by Spirits
12 Suggestion
73
1 Superstition in Roman Catholic Coimtries
2 Miracle-working Images, etc
3 Image paying Homage to Vii-gin Mary
4 Madonnas at Trastevere
5 Miraculous Ciu'es
6 Superstitious Ceremony at Dieppe
7 Blessing Neva
8 Superstitious Be- lief of Napoleon's Mother
9 Trust in Amulets
10 Zulu Superstition
11 Witchcraft forbidden by Great Britain
12 Eating Fetish
13 Superstition among Ashantees
14 Endeavour to prevent Advance of British Army
15 Shah of Persia's Talismans
16 Indian Princes consulting Fortune-tellers
17 Procm-ing Rain in India
18 Mysterious Lights on River St Lawrence
19 Queen of Hearts
20 Superstition in America
21 Superstitious Artists
22 Hogarth's last Picture, " End of all Things"
 
 
8 1917 History of Religion Sketch of Primitive Religious Beliefs & Practices, & of Origin & Character of Great Systems by Menzies, Allan 150,810W 603 10:03
1 RELIGION OF EARLY WORLD
1 INTRODUCTION PAGE
1 Position of science
2 Unity of all religion
3 growth of religion continuous
4 Preliminary definition of religion
5 Criticism of other definitions
6 Fuller definition
7 Religion & civilisation advance together 1-18
2 BEGINNING OF RELIGION
1 Origin of civilisation
2 It was from savage state that civilisation was by degrees produced
3 religion of savages
4 All savages have religion
5 It is psychological necessity 19-28
3 EARLIEST OBJECTS OF WORSHIP
1 Nature worship
2 Ancestor worship
3 Fetish worship
4 supreme being
5 Which gods were 1st worshipped ?
6 Fetish-gods came 1st
7 Spirits, human or quasi human, came 1st
8 Theories of Mr Spencer & Mr Tylor
9 Animism
10 minor nature worship came first
11 Theories of Mr M Miiller & of Ed von Hartmann
12 great nature-powers came first
13 Both nature-worship & worship of spirits are sources of early religion
4 EARLY DEVELOPMENTS: BELIEF
1 Growth of great gods
2 Polytheism
3 Kathenotheism
4 minor nature-worship
5 worship of animals
6 Trees, wells, stones, state after death
7 Growth of great religions out of these beliefs 51-65
5 EARLY DEVELOPMENTS: PRACTICES
1 Sacrifice
2 Prayer
3 Sacred places, objects, persons
4 Magic
5 Character of early religion
6 Early religion & morality 66-78
6 NATIONAL RELIGION
1 Classifications of religions
2 Rise of national religion
3 It affords new social bond
4 & better God
5 Example
6 Inca religion 79-90
2 ISOLATED NATIONAL RELIGIONS
1 BABYLON & ASSYRIA
1 People & literature
2 Worship of spirits
3 Worship of animals
4 great Gods
5 Mythology
6 state religion 91-105 Contents
2 CHINA
1 History of China
2 literature of religion
3 state religion of ancient China
4 Heaven
5 spirits
6 Ancestors
7 Confucius
8 His life
9 His doctrine
10 Taoism
11 Buddhism in China
 
 
 
3 RELIGION OF ANCIENT EGYPT
1 History & literature
1 Animal worship
2 Theories accounting for it
2 great Gods
1 They also are local
2 Mythology
3 Dynasties of gods
4 Ra
5 Osiris
6 Ptah
7 Was earliest religion monotheistic ?
8 Syncretism
9 Pantheism
10 Worship
3 doctrine of other life
1 Treatment of dead
2 spirit in underworld
3 Book of Dead
 
 
3 SEMITIC GROUP
1 SEMITIC RELIGION
1 Home of Semites
2 Character of race
3 Their early religious ideas
4 Difference between Semitic & Aryan religion 159 - 169
2 CANAANITES & PHENICIANS
1 Religion of Canaanites
2 Phenicians
3 Their gods
4 Astral deities of Phenicia
5 Influence of Phenicianart
3 ISRAEL
1 sacred literature
2 people
3 Jehovah
4 early ritual was simple
5 Contact with Canaanite religion
6 Danger of fusion
7 ReUgious conflict
8 monarchy
9 Religion not centralised
10 Prophets
11 old religion national
12 Criticism of old religion by prophets
13 Appearance of Universalism
14 Ethical monotheism
15 Individualism of prophetic teaching
16 reforms
17 Deuteronomy
18 Earlier codes
19 exile
20 return: reform of Ezra- Character of later reUgion
21 Heathenish elements of Judaism
22 Spiritual elements
23 Psalms
24 Synagogue
25 national hopes
26 state after death ' 179 - 216
4 ISLAM
1 Arabia before Mahomet
2 old religion
3 Confusion of worship
4 Allah
5 Judaism & Christianity in Arabia
6 Mahomet, early life
7 His religious impressions
8 revelations
9 His preaching
10 Persecution
11 Trials: decides to leave Mecca
12 Mahomet at Medina
13 New religious union
14 Breach with Judaism & Christianity
15 Domestic
16 Conquest of Mecca
17 Mecca made capital of Islam
18 Spread of Islam
19 duties of Moslem
20 Koran
21 Islam universal religion
 
4 ARYAN GROUP
1 ARYAN RELIGION
1 Aryans, their early home
2 Their civilisation described
3 Little known of their gods
4 Their worship was domestic
2 TEUTONS
1 Aryans in Europe
2 ancient Germans
3 early German gods
4 working religion
5 Later German religion
6 Iceland
7 Eddas
8 gods of Eddas
9 twilight of gods
3 GREECE
1 People & land
2 Earliest religion : functional deities- Growth of Greek gods
3 Stones, animals, trees
4 Greek religion is local
5 Artistic tendency
6 Early Eastern influences
7 Homer
8 Homeric gods
9 Worship in Homer
10 Omens
11 state after death
12 Hesiod
13 poets & working religion, Rise of religious art
14 Festivals & games
15 Zeus & Apollo
16 500's BC Change of Greek spirit
17 New religious feeling : mysteries
18 Religion & philosophy
4 RELIGION OF ROME
1 Roman religion was different from Greek
2 earliest gods of Rome are functional beings
3 worship of these beings
4 great gods
5 Sacred persons
6 Roman religion legal rather than priestly
7 Changes introduced from without Etruria
8 Greek gods in Rome
9 Graeco-Roman religion
10 Decay & confusion
5 RELIGIONS OF INDIA 1
1 Vedic Religion Relation of Indian to Aryan religion
2 Rigveda
3 Vedic gods
4 Hymns to gods
5 To what stage does this religion belong?
6 It is primitive
7 It is advanced
8 In spite of many gods, tendency to Monotheism
6 INDIA 2
1 Brahmanism caste system: Brahmans
2 growth of sacred literature
3 Sacrifice
4 Practical life
5 Philosophy
6 Transmigration
7 Later developments
7 INDIA 3
1 Buddhism literature
2 Was there personal founder?
3 story of founder
4 Buddhism revolt against Brahmanism ?
5 Buddha
6 doctrine
7 Buddhist morality
8 Nirvana
9 No gods
10 order
11 Buddhism made popular
12 Buddhism is not complete religion 353-380
8 PERSIA
1 Sources
2 contents of Zend-Avesta are composite
3 Zoroaster
4 Primitive religion of Iran
5 call of Zarathustra
6 doctrine
7 Its inconsistencies
8 Man is called to judge between gods
9 This religion is essentially intolerant
10 Growth of Mazdeism
11 Organisation of heavenly beings
12 attributes of Ahura
13 Ancient testimonies to Persian religion
14 Vendidad : laws of purity
15 How this doctrine entered Mazdeism
16 Influence of Mazdeism on Judaism & in other directions
   
5 UNIVERSAL RELIGION
1 CHRISTIANITY
1 State of Jewish religion at Christian era
2 teaching of Jesus
3 His person & work
4 Universalism of Christianity
5 Apostle Paul
6 What Christianity received from Judaism
7 & from Greek world
8 diflferent religions of Christian nations & common Christianity
2 CONCLUSION
1 Tribal, national, & individual religion
2 This central development
3 Has to be studied in nations
4 Periods of general advance in religion
5 Conditions of religious progress
 
 
 
14 1926 How to Teach Religion Principles & Methods by Betts, George Herbert 65,860W 263 4:27
1 Teacher Himself 13
1 Importance of teacher
23 types of teachers
3 personal factor in teaching religion
4 Developing power of personality
5 cultivatable factors in personality
6 scale for determining personality
7 teacher's mastery of subject-matter
8 Methods of growth
9 Fields of mastery demanded
10 Service & rewards
11 Problems & questions
2 Great Objective
12 great objectives in teaching
2 Making sure of greater objective
3 Teaching children versus teaching subject-matter
4 Subject-matter as means instead of an end
5 Success in instruction to be measured in terms of modified life, not of material covered
6 goal of constantly developing Christian character & experience
7 Problems for discussion
3 Fourfold Foundation, What it consists of:
1 right aims
2 right materials to reach these aims,
3 right organization of this material for instruction
4 right presentation in instruction
5 aim of teaching religion is
6 fruitful knowledge,
7 right religious attitudes & growing consciousness of God,
8 power & will to live righteously
9 Selecting subject-matter to meet these ends
10 Principles of organization of material
11 problem of effective presentation
12 Questions for discussion
4 Religious Knowledge of Most Worth 58
1 Not all religious knowledge of equal value
2 What determines value of knowledge
3 Kind of knowledge needed by child
4 Developing child's idea of God
5 Harm from wrong concepts of God
6 Giving child right concept of religion
7 qualities by which religion should be defined to child
8 child's knowledge of Bible: of church: of religious forms of expression
9 Problems & questions
5 Religious Attitudes to be Cultivated 76
1 meaning of religious attitudes
2 These attitudes lie at basis of both motives & character
3 Importance of pupil's attitudes toward church school & class
4 Enjoyment of lesson hour & growth of loyalty
5 sense of mastery necessary to mental & spiritual growth
6 grounding of continuous interest in Bible & religion
7 Growth in spiritual warmth & responsiveness
8 cultivation of ideals
9 training of fine appreciations
10 Worthy loyalties & devotions
11 Clearness of God-consciousness
12 Questions & problems
6 Connecting Religious Instruction With Life & Conduct 91
1 Religious instruction must carry across to life & conduct
2 Hence necessity of finding practical outlet in expression for feelings, ideals, emotions & attitudes resulting from instruction
3 setting up of certain religious habits
4 Expression in connection with life of church
5 Expression in home life
6 Expression in community & public school life
7 Expression in worship & devotional life
8 Problems for discussion
7 Subject Matter of Religious Education 109
1 Bible great source-book of religious material
2 Yet much material other than biblical required
3 Principles for selection of material from Bible
4 Biblical material for early childhood: for later childhood: for adolescence
5 Story material & its sources
6 Materials from nature
7 Materials from history & biography
8 Picture material for religious teaching
9 Religious music for children
10 Questions & problems
8 Organization of Material 129
14 different types of organization
2 Organization applied
3 to curriculum as whole
4 to individual lessons
5 Haphazard organization
6 Logical organization
7 Chronological organization
8 Psychological organization
9 3 types of curriculum organization:
10 Uniform lessons,
11 Graded lessons,
12 text books of religion
13 Organizing daily lesson material
14 Typical lesson plans
15 Problems for discussion
9 Technique of Teaching
1 Teaching that sticks
2 Attention key
3 Types of appeal to attention
4 control of interest
5 Interest & action
6 Variety & change as related to interest
7 Social contagion of interest
8 prevention of distractions
9 control of conduct
10 Danger points in instruction
11 Establishing & maintaining standards
12 Questions & problems
10 Making Truth Vivid
1 Vividness of impression necessary to lasting value
2 whole mind involved in religion
3 Learning to think in religion
4 Protecting children against intellectual difficulties
5 appeal of religion to imagination
6 Guiding principles for religious imagination
7 use of memory in religion
8 Laws of memory
9 How to memorize
10 Problems for discussion
11 Types Of Teaching
1 several types of lessons for religious instruction
2 informational lesson
3 use of inductive lesson
4 deductive lesson in religion
5 application of drill to religious teaching
6 lesson in appreciation
7 Conducting review lesson
8 How to make lesson assignment
9 Questions & problems
12 Methods Used in Recitation
1 Methods of procedure for lesson hour
2 use of topical method
3 Place & dangers of lecture method
4 Securing participation from class
5 question method
6 Principles of good questioning
7 treatment of answers
8 story method
9 Guiding principles in story teaching
10 teaching method of Jesus
11 Jesus embodiment of all scientific pedagogy
12 Questions & problems
 
 
 
17 1908 Reincarnation & Law of Karma Study of Old-New World-Doctrine of Rebirth, & Spiritual Cause & Effect by William Walker Atkinson 49,395W 198 3:18
1 Early Races
1 What is Reincarnation?
2 Transmigration of Souls
3 Something That Persists After Death
4 Soul Not Fresh Creation, but Traveler on Long Journey
2 Egyptians, Chaldeans, Druids, etc
1 Egyptian Idea of Soul
2 Forty Centuries of Occult History
3 Inner Teachings of Egypt
4 Ancient Chinese Teachings & Doctrine
5 Ancient Druids & Their Teachings
3 Romans & Greeks
1 Reasons of Rome's Backwardness in Spiritual Knowledge
2 Why Greeks were Advanced
3 Pythagoras: Orpheus: Plato
4 Various Grecian Teachings Regarding Soul & Its Future Life
5 Plato's Wonderful Teachings & Philosophy
4 Jews, Essenes, & Early Christians
1 Inner Teachings of Jewish Priests
2 Jewish Rabbins & Their Secret Doctrines
3 Kaballah, Zahar, Nichema: Ronach: & Nephesh
4 Mysterious Brotherhood
5 Christian Inner Doctrine
6 Mysteries of Jesus
5 Hindus
1 India Mother of Reincarnation, Past & Present
2 Aryan Teachings
3 History of Belief Among Hindus
4 Fundamental Hindu Philosophy
6 Modern West
1 Reincarnation in Modern Western World
2 Revival of Interest & Its Cause
3 Theosophical Society
4 Madame Blavatsky
5 Western School of Yogi Philosophy: Its Fundamental Teachings
6 Spiritists, & Their Doctrine
7 Teachings of "Elect Few" in Their Secret Societies
8 Is Earth Hell?
9 Christian Reincarnationists & Their Beliefs
7 Between & Beyond Incarnations
1 How Long Between Incarnations?
2 Necessity for Mental & Spiritual Digestion & Assimilation
3 Advanced Teachings
4 Earth-bound Souls
5 Advanced Souls & Their Rest Period
6 Where Does Soul Dwell Between Incarnations?
7 What Happens at Death
8 Great Astral World & Its Planes & Sub-planes
9 Where Soul Goes After Death & What It Does There
10 Rebirth & Its Laws
11 What is Final State of Soul?
12 Message of Illumined
8 Justice of Reincarnation
1 Contrasting Theories of Soul & Its Future Life
2 Doctrine of Reincarnation Only Philosophical Theory that Reconciles Facts with Theory
3 Law of Karma Automatic & Enforces Itself
4 Every One Their Own Judge & Executor of Their Own Destiny
5 Opinions of World's Great Thinkers
9 Argument for Reincarnation
1 Natural Laws Universal
2 If Soul is Immortal, it Must Have Always Been So
3 Mortal Thing Cannot be Made Immortal Any More Than Nothing Can be Made Something
4 Future Life Implies Past Life
5 Varient Experiences Necessary for Soul's Education
6 Advancement Necessary to Enjoyment of Soul's Higher States of Being
7 True Teaching
10 Proofs of Reincarnation
1 Actual Proofs of Personal Conscious Experience Demanded by Science
2 Such Proofs Possible & Have Occurred to Many of Race
3 Remembrance of Details of Past Existence Common to Race
4 Interesting Cases Given on Good Authority
5 Messages from Past
11 arguments Against Reincarnation
1 Why Reincarnation is Opposed by Some
2 Answers to Objections
3 Proof of Existence of Soul
4 Is Reincarnation Un-Christian & Derived from Pagan & Heathen Sources?
12 Law of Karma
1 What Karma Means
2 Does Karma Punish or is it but Workings of Natural Law?
3 Various Kinds of Karma
4 Advanced Mystical Doctrine
5 End is Absolute Good
6 There is No Devil but Fear & Unfaith