English - Logo Sight Crop Circles English - Logo Sight  

Crop circles are sizeable patterns created by the flattening of crops such as wheat, barley, rye, or maize. The term crop circle entered the Oxford Dictionary in 1990.g

Self-described pranksters Doug Bower and Dave Chorley claimed to have started the crop circle phenomenon in 1978. Their work is continued by other groups of crop circle makers such as the circlemakers arts collective founded by John Lundberg in the early 1990s.

Some assert that photographs of bent or warped crop growth nodes support non-human origins of crop circles. Biophysicist W. C. Levengood's Crop Circle Reports claims that circles with such "node-warping" are not man-made, that they could not have been made through snapping or breaking or from impact or by crushing, but instead must have been made by some intensely focused energy such as microwaves or spinning plasma vortex.

While it has been suggested that ball lightning and vortices in the wind might rarely produce isolated indentations in crops, neither is capable of the complex and often delicate patterns seen in more elaborate crop circles."We are carbon and silica. Our table of elements is similar we have a three wstrand dna structgure. we have a big head and small body. we live on three of our planets in our solar sytem. the third one hads four moons"

reply comes august 2001 one year later comes

"Be aware of bearers of false gifts that are broken promises. Much PAIN but still time. BELIEVE there is still good out there. We OPosse DECEPTION". Bell sound signifying end of message.

firefox crop circle is 220 feet in diameter and took under two weeks to plan, it was completed in two days by 12 students at oregon stte univsrsity.

this circle made in 7 minutes and was 1033 feet long and 500 feet wide 160 circles and two acres of wheat flatened. because of the uneven ground they were made elyptical so they would be circle from the air.

EM electromagnetic levels are up to 10x normal on crop circles. em problems with eletrical equipment like cameras breaking and compasses spinning is very common.





Paranormal and alternative explanations

Since appearing in the media in the 1970s, crop circles have become the subject of various paranormal and fringe beliefs, ranging from the hypothesis that they are created by freak meteorological phenomena to the belief that they represent messages from extraterrestrials.

Other hypotheses, insufficient to explain myriad circles with clearly discernable images and complex geometric patterns, attribute them to atmospheric phenomena, such as freak tornadoes or ball lightning.

The location of many crop circles near ancient sites such as Stonehenge, barrows, and chalk horses has led to many New Age belief systems incorporating crop circles, including the beliefs that they are formed in relation to ley lines and that they give off energy that can be detected through dowsing.

UFOs and other lights in the sky have been reported in connection with many crop-circle sites, leading to their becoming associated with UFOs and aliens. Some people claim to have seen images of UFOs forming crop circles or overflying them, though photographs have been dismissed by experts as being indistinct or clear hoaxes.


The main criticism of alleged non-human creation of crop circles is that evidence of these origins, besides eyewitness testimonies, is scant. Crop circles are sometimes explicable as the result of human pranksters. There have also been cases in which researchers declared crop circles to be "the real thing", only to be confronted soon after with the people who created the circle and documented the fraud (see above). Many others have demonstrated how complex crop circles are created.

The main criticism of human creation of crop circles is that Bower and Chorley could not have covertly travelled internationally and executed all if indeed any known circles prior to their claims in 1991, and that still-secret cells of hoaxers are very unlikely to have spontaneously and successfully joined the game.

In his 1997 book The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark, Carl Sagan discussed alien-based theories of crop circle formation. Sagan concluded that no empirical evidence existed to link UFOs with crop circles. Specifically, that there were no credible cases of UFOs being observed creating a circle, yet there were many cases when it was known that human agents, such as Doug Bower and Dave Chorley, were responsible. Circle creators Doug Bower and Dave Chorley concur.

In 1999, researcher Colin Andrews received funding from Laurence Rockefeller to conduct a two- year investigation into crop-circle hoaxing. Andrews put together a team that studied crop circles that had been commissioned by various media outlets and infiltrated several groups known to be creating man-made circles. Using these man-made circles as a base, Andrews went on to study data from circles found in England in 1999 and 2000. Andrews concluded that 80% of all circles studied showed "unassailable" signs of having been man-made, including post holes used to demarcate circle layouts or evidence of human tracks underlying the circle sites, but could not account for the remaining 20% Andrews's figures have been disputed by CSICOP who argue that his criteria for distinguishing between man-made circles and non-man-made circles were insufficient, as no official standard exists for determining the nature of a crop circle. Furthermore, these circles were in England, where the hoax is most operative.

Similar phenomena
Lawn Cross of Eisenberg an der RaabNazca LinesFairy rings: An unrelated phenomenon where fungal circles are formed by a spreading mycelium. Older, larger fungal circles are not recognized when they have broken into arcs or patches. In Scandinavia and in Britain, the phenomenon of mushrooms or puffballs forming circles in a patch of meadow or pasture was referred to in folklore as "älvringar", "heksering", "pixie circles" or "elf circles" and was attributed by countryfolk to mystical forces. This phenomenon is commonplace and is recognized[30] as the natural growth of fungus colonies.Geoglyph
In popular culture
In the NCIS Episode "Vanished," a United States Marine Corps helicopter is found in the middle of a crop circle.In an episode of Seinfeld, Jerry tries to pick up a woman in an elevator by claiming that he is responsible for crop circles.In the TV mini-series Taken by Steven Spielberg, crop circles are featured briefly, but although the series is about alien abduction, the crop circles are discovered to be a hoax.In the TV show Monster Garage, episode 45 featured a crew including abductee Travis Walton and crop-circle maker John Lundberg turning an old tractor into a crop circle making machine.In the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Sandy's Rocket", SpongeBob makes a crop circle with his feet.In the Invader Zim episode "Career Day", Dib and his mentor, a gullible paranormal investigator, approach a crop circle in a field. While the investigator concludes it is the work of aliens, Dib points out a cow rolling around the field, flattening the crops. To this, the investigator replies, "The cow is obviously being controlled by aliens."In the South Park episode "Cartman gets an Anal Probe", a crop circle in the shape of Eric Cartman is seen on TV in Cartman's house. Cartman remarks that the image looks, "...just like Tom Selleck."In the children/young teen television show Caitlin's Way, Caitlin and her rebellious boyfriend make a crop circle in a local family's field and Caitlin was later forced to work in their field as reimbursement for their destroyed crops.The Futurama episode "That's Lobstertainment!" opening subtitle reads "Deciphered From Crop Circles".In the television show The X-Files episode "All Things", Mulder goes to England to investigate crop circles.An episode of the cartoon Backyardigans entitled "NewsFlash" involves crop circles in an Iowa cornfield.In the 13th episode of the first season of the TV series Murdoch Mysteries entitled "The Annoying Red Planet" Murdoch investigates the death of a landowner found hanging from a tree, and discovers tracks nearby in the shape of no human feet. When crop circles are also discovered...In the "Star Gazing" episode of Russian animated series GoGoRiki (known in the Russian Federation as "Smeshariki"), one of the characters creates his own enormous portrait by making crop circles in wheat fields to send a signal to possible aliens.Crop Circles are also featured in the So Weird episode Listen, in which the townspeople develop ESP after eating some wheat from a crop circle.In a season five episode of Corner Gas entitled Dark Circles, Karen fools the whole town into thinking that aliens parked in a crop field by making a crop circle.
In the film Chicken Little (2005), crop circles are created by aliens as they chase the main characters in a corn field.In the film Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle (2004), Harold and Kumar hang glide over a field with a crop-circle pattern in the shape of male genitalia.In the film Signs (2002), crop circles are attributed to the sinister motives of extraterrestrials.In the film Scary Movie 3 (2003), a spoof of Signs, Cindy has to investigate crop circles and prevent an alien invasion.The film Mifune's Last Song (1999) apparently featured the first appearance of a crop circle in a fiction film.In the film Phase IV (1974), the ants make pictogram crop-circle patterns in the desert.In the film Hating Alison Ashley, crop circles are used to satire her "unexplainable" family.
In Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, a book written by J. K. Rowling for the charity Comic Relief, a creature called a mooncalf occasionally performs strange dances flattening crops in fields "to the confusion of many muggles".
"Crop Circle" is a track on Monster Magnet's Powertrip.On the cover of Led Zeppelin Remasters, there is a photo of a crop circle.On the cover of Insane Clown Posse's The Calm is a crop circle as the group's logo. Track 4 on the album is called "Crop Circles".Crop Circle is also the name of a Peruvian progressive rock band.Crop Circle was the name of a surf-a-billy cow punk band from Kutztown, Pennsylvania.Crop Circles is the name of a Goa Trance artist most known under that name for their track Lunar Civilization, which is inspired by the whole UFO movement.
In the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game booster set Power of the Duelist, there is a card called "Crop Circles", with the circle in the Egyptian Eye logo for Yu-Gi-Oh!.In the third level of The Simpsons Hit and Run video game, Bart's head is a crop circle.In the Amiga shoot-em-up video game SWIV, an alien spacecraft ascends to reveal crop circles apparently made by its landing gear.In the video game MLB 07: The Show, one of the minor league parks is called "Crop Circle Field".In the video game "Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots", a crop circle is hidden in Act 2.In the computer game, Spore, in the Space Stage, there is a tool to create Crop Circles which boost relationships with other alien races.
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1 History
1678 pamphlet on the "Mowing-Devil"

The earliest recorded image resembling a crop circle is depicted in an English woodcut pamphlet published in 1678 called the "Mowing-Devil". The image depicts a demon with a scythe mowing an oval design in a field of oats. The pamphlet's text reads as follows:

Being a True Relation of a Farmer, who Bargaining with a Poor Mower, about the Cutting down Three Half Acres of Oats, upon the Mower's asking too much, the Farmer swore "That the Devil should Mow it, rather than He." And so it fell out, that that very Night, the Crop of Oats shew'd as if it had been all of a Flame, but next Morning appear'd so neatly Mow'd by the Devil, or some Infernal Spirit, that no Mortal Man was able to do the like.
Also, How the said Oats ly now in the Field, and the Owner has not Power to fetch them away.
A more recent historical report of crop circles was published in Nature, volume 22, pp. 290–291, 29 July 1880, and republished in the January 2000 issue of the Journal of Meteorology. It describes the 1880 investigations by amateur scientist John Rand Capron:
"The storms about this part of Western Surrey have been lately local and violent, and the effects produced in some instances curious. Visiting a neighbour's farm on Wednesday evening (21st), we found a field of standing wheat considerably knocked about, not as an entirety, but in patches forming, as viewed from a distance, circular spots....I could not trace locally any circumstances accounting for the peculiar forms of the patches in the field, nor indicating whether it was wind or rain, or both combined, which had caused them, beyond the general evidence everywhere of heavy rainfall. They were suggestive to me of some cyclonic wind action,..."
There are also many other anecdotal accounts of crop circles in Ufology literature that predate the modern crop circle phenomena, though some cases involve crops which were cut or burnt, rather than flattened.
A crop circle in the form of a Triskelion
2 Patterns
Early examples of crop circles were usually simple circular patterns of various sizes. After some years, more complex geometric patterns emerged. In addition to circle designs based on sacred geometry, some of the later formations, those occurring after 2000, are based on other principles, including fractals. Many crop circles now have fine intricate detail, regular symmetry and careful composition. Elements of three-dimensionality have been introduced, and some crop circles appear to be inspired by animals or religious symbols.  
3 Creators

In 1991, two men from Southampton, England, announced that they had conceived the idea as a prank at a pub near Winchester, Hampshire, during an evening in 1976. Inspired by the 1966 Tully Saucer Nests,[11] Doug Bower and Dave Chorley made their crop circles using planks, rope, hats and wire as their only tools: using a four-foot-long plank attached to a rope, they easily created circles eight feet in diameter. The two men were able to make a 40-foot (12 m) circle in 15 minutes.

The pair became frustrated when their work did not receive significant publicity, so in 1981, they created a circle in Matterley Bowl, a natural amphitheatre just outside Winchester, Hampshire—an area surrounded by roads from which a clear view of the field is available to drivers passing by. Their designs were at first simple circles. When newspapers claimed that the circles could easily be explained by natural phenomena, Bower and Chorley made more complex patterns. A simple wire with a loop, hanging down from a cap—the loop positioned over one eye—could be used to focus on a landmark to aid in the creation of straight lines. Later designs of crop circles became increasingly complicated.

Bower's wife had become suspicious of him, noticing high levels of mileage in their car. Eventually, fearing that his wife suspected him of adultery, Bower confessed to her, and subsequently, he and Chorley informed a British national newspaper. Chorley died in 1996, and Doug Bower has made crop circles as recently as 2004. Bower has said that, had it not been for his wife's suspicions, he would have taken the secret to his deathbed, never revealing that it was a hoax.[12]

Circlemakers.org, a group of crop circle makers founded by John Lundberg, have demonstrated that making what self-appointed cereologist experts state are "unfakeable" crop circles is possible. On more than one occasion, such cereologists have claimed that a crop circle was "genuine" when in fact the people making the circle had previously been filmed making the circle.

Scientific American published an article by Matt Ridley, who started making crop circles in northern England in 1991. He wrote about how easy it is to develop techniques using simple tools that can easily fool later observers. He reported on "expert" sources such as the Wall Street Journal who had been easily fooled and mused about why people want to believe supernatural explanations for phenomena that are not yet explained. Methods to create a crop circle are now well documented on the Internet.

On the night of July 11–12, 1992, a crop-circle making competition, for a prize of several thousand UK pounds (partly funded by the Arthur Koestler Foundation), was held in Berkshire. The winning entry was produced by three helicopter engineers, using rope, PVC pipe, a trestle and a ladder. Another competitor used a small garden roller, a plank and some rope.

In 1992 Hungarian youths Gábor Takács and Róbert Dallos, both then 17, were the first people to be legally charged after creating a crop circle. Takács and Dallos, of the St. Stephen Agricultural Technicum, a high school in Hungary specializing in agriculture, created a 36-meter diameter crop circle in a wheat field near Székesfehérvár, 43 miles (69 km) southwest of Budapest, on June 8, 1992. On September 3, the pair appeared on Hungarian TV and exposed the circle as a hoax, showing photos of the field before and after the circle was made. As a result, Aranykalász Co., the owners of the land, sued the youngsters for 630,000 HUF (approximately $3000 USD) in damages. The presiding judge ruled that the students were only responsible for the damage caused in the 36-meter diameter circle, amounting to about 6,000 HUF (approximately $30 USD), and that 99% of the damage to the crops was caused by the thousands of visitors who flocked to Székesfehérvár following the media's promotion of the circle. The fine was eventually paid by the TV show, as were the students' legal fees.[citation needed]

In 2002, Discovery Channel commissioned five aeronautics and astronautics graduate students from MIT to create crop circles of their own, aiming to duplicate some of the features claimed to distinguish "real" crop circles from the known fakes such as those created by Bower and Chorley. The creation of the circle was recorded and used in the Discovery Channel documentary "Crop Circles: Mysteries in the Fields".

Advertisement for Swedish Railways.

The UK-based artists Circlemakers.org have been asked to create numerous crop circles since the mid 1990s for movies, TV shows, music videos, adverts and PR stunts.

4 Paranormal & Alternative Explanations
5 Analysis
6 Similar phenomena
7 In popular culture
8 Television
9 Film
10 Books
11 Music
12 Games
13 Inexplicable Burns on the Grass
unafected plants003
Perfectly bent down


could be gained access006
could be gained access 006
14 Man Made Crop Circles
in 1997 They stomped in with their boots "What do we need to know?" And the answer was the big snowflake one. And three weeks later they got llll which said "Look at Tetrahedran fractal geometry".

In 1972 after building Arezibo radio telescope largest on earth and could send very strong signal in to the universe that could get to another planet maybe they would decode the signal and send it back to us and we could know about aliens would take a few thousand years. They sent the signal anyways in the signal in binary code we sent we are made out of carbon this is aour chart of elements we have a small head big body 3rd planet from teh sun. Then accross a radio telescope used for SETI came this crop circle. with the mugshot
Superimposed squares with circle on top





17 Torus Crop Circles
August Crop Circle
Star Tauroid
Taurus fractal
with 409 circles. Largest to date.Crop_Circle_spirals
Taurus fractal
18 Pi Spiral Crop Circles


19 Sacred Geometry Crop Circles

It is - by any calculation - a crop circle creation stunning in its ingenuity.

Carved out in a barley field, this 150ft wide pattern is said to be a pictorial representation of the first ten digits of Pi, one of the most fundamental symbols in mathematics. Believers in extra-terrestrials could argue crop circle was made by mathematically-minded aliens on a field trip to Earth.

Sceptics will think it the work of humans with a fondness for figures and a penchant for puzzles. But whatever its origins, the experts say it is the most complex crop circle ever seen in Britain.

The pattern appeared earlier this month near Barbury Castle, an Iron Age hill fort above the village of Wroughton in Wiltshire. Initially, crop circle enthusiasts were stumped as to its meaning and even a number of experts said it was 'mind-boggling'.

Then retired astrophysicist Mike Reed saw a photograph of crop circle and made the mathematical link. He said the crop pattern 'clearly shows' the first ten digits of pi, which - as many will remember from their schooldays - is used to calculate the area of a circle using the formula Pi r squared.

Mr Reed said: 'I noticed a photo of the Barbury Castle pattern. It shows a coded image representing the first ten digits of Pi - the ratio of the circumference of a circle to the diameter.

'The tenth digit has even been correctly rounded up.

'The little dot near the centre of crop circle is the decimal point. The code is based on ten angular segments, with the radial jumps being the indicator of each segment.' After working out the sequence, Mr Reed produced the accompanying diagram. The image is an example of what is known as a fractal, or geometric pattern.

Fractals have been a staple of crop circle designs for many years, the most well known being the Mandelbrot Set or the Julia Set, which appeared 12 years ago in Avebury Trusloe, Wiltshire. Lucy Pringle, a renowned researcher of crop formations, has the largest database in the world on the phenomenon.

She said yesterday: 'This is an astounding development - it is a seminal event.' Although numerous-individuals have come forward over the years admitting they had been making crop circles, many people still believe the rings are linked with the paranormal or civilizations in far-flung galaxies. As yet, no one has claimed responsibility for the Barbury Castle circle.

In and out vortex
Squared within square
Flower fractal

Double wave with circles
Six sided flower

Sextogram in circle in square in circle
Spinning vortex

Circles to spiral sign

Pi fractal spiral

Traveling wave particle
Triangle and circle
Opposing waves
Dimension valencies
Triangle and circle
In and out vortex
Water Moleculecrop-circles-027
Double circle spiral
Crop-Circle-Wallpaper- _1_
Alien crescent moon sign
Six sided swirling vortex
Crop circles representing sound patterns