500 - 0
0 - 500
500 - 1000
1000 - 1500
1500 - 2000
Central Asia
 
Early Byzantine Empire
Middle Byzantine
Late Byzantine
 
       
Mongol Empire
     
 
Parthian Empire
Arab Empire
Ottoman Empire
 
     
Khitans
Mugh
   
Persia
   
Sassanian Empire
The Khans
Tim
 
West:
Central:
- 550 - 330 Achaemenid Empire (Persia)
- 323 - 60 BC Seleucid Empire
- 247 BC - 224 AD Parthian Empire
- 224 - 651 Sassanian Empire
- 330 - 843 Early Byzantine Empire
- 630 - 1258 Arab (Abassid) Empire
- 843 - 1260 Middle Byzantine
- 916 - 1124 Mongol Khitans
- 1206 - 1388 The Great Khans
- 1206 - 1502 Mongol Empire
- 1227 - 1363 Mughulistan
- 1401 - 1505 Timurid Empire
- 1261 - 1453 Late Byzantine