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900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
 
   
Libu 805 - 732 73
   
3rd Inter 1069 - 664 405
Late Egypt 664 - 332 332
331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 Sonchis Heph. 341 342 343 344 345 346
360 Priests of Sais Egypt 11,990 - 3 11,987
313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328
342 Kings of Memphis 9420 - 3 9417
 
26th Dynasty 672 - 525 147
27
- 404
121
23rd Dynasty 836 - 720 116
 
24
   
25th 732 - 656 76
   
3rd Intermediate Egypt 1069 - 664 405 Late Egypt 664 - 332 332
 
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
 
869 Dido, from Tyre, sister of Pygmhlion, founded Carthage. ("Dido purchased, for her city, as much land as a bullock's hide would enclose; then cutting it into a very fine string made it enclose a large space.")
Kingdom of Carthage
814 - 550 265
- Carthage (Tunis)
814 - 760 54 Dido
- Dido & Aeneas have affair & falling out
760 - 580 180 ?
Kingdom of Carthage
814 - 550 265
- Carthage (Tunis)
6 - 300s Trireme Ship from Carthage
Kingdom of Carthage
814 - 550 265
Republic of Carthage
550 - 308 242
550 - 30 20 Mago 1
530 - 10 20 Hasdrubal 1
503 1st alliance with Rome
501 Gadir (Cádiz) captured by Carthage
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
   
Kingdom of Libu
805 - 732
73
805 - 795 10 Inamunnifnebu
780 - 55 25 Niumateped
763 - 55 8 Titaru
755 - 50 5 Ker
750 - 45 5 Rudamon
745 - 36 9 Ankhor
736 - 2 4 Tefnakht
Kingdom of Cyrene
632 - 440
192
Battiad 632 -
631 Founding of Cyrene, a Greek colony in Libya
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
945 - 22 23 Shoshenq 1 Hedjkheperre-Setepenre = 1 Patareshnes  2 Karomama A biblical Shishaq
925 Battle of Bitter Lakes Egypt.
922 - 887 35 Osorkon 1 Sekhemkheperre-Setepenre = 1 Maatkare B 
2 Tashedkhonsu 
3 Shepensopdet A
3rd Intermediate Egypt
1069 - 664
405
22 Bubastite 945 - 720 225
887 - 5 2 Shoshenq 2 Heqakheperre-Setepenre =
1 Nesitanebetashru
2 Nesitaudjatakhet
885 - 72 13 Takelot 1 Hedjkheperre-Setepenre = Kapes
872 - 37 35 Osorkon 2 Usermaatre-Setepenamun = 1 Isetemkheb G 
2 Karomama B 
3 Djedmutesankh
853 Battle of Qarqar Israel, Egypt VS Assyria
837 - 798 39 Shoshenq 3 Usermaatre-Setepenre =
1 Tadibast II 
2 Tentamenopet 
3 Djedbastiusankh
@ Thebes, Herakleopolis
837 - 13 24 Takelot 2
826 - 01 25 Pedubast A rebel, seized Thebes from Takelot 2
812 - 11 1 Iuput 1
3rd Intermediate Egypt
1069 - 664
405
22 Bubastite 945 - 720 225
798 - 85 13 Shoshenq 4 Hedjkheperre-Setepenre
785 - 78 7 Pami Usermaatre-Setepenamun
Buried two Apis bulls in his reign
778 - 40 38 Shoshenq 5 Akheperre = Tadibast III
740 - 30 10 Pedubast II Sehetepibenre
730 - 16 14 Osorkon 4 Usermaatre
23 837 - 728 109
880 - 60 20 Harsiese A Hedjkheperre Setpenamun = Isetweret I
Independent King of Thebes
840 - 15 25 ?
829 - 04 25 ?
829 - 04 25 Pedubast I Usermaatre Setpenamun
Prolonged civil war with king Takelot II/Crown Prince Osorkon B
829 - 04 25 Iuput I co-regent
804 - 798 6 Shoshenq 6 Usermaatre Meryamun
798 - 69 29 Osorkon 3 ^ Takelot 2
Civil war against Pedubast I and Shoshenq VI.
Recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself king
774 - 59 15 Takelot 3 Usermaatre Setepenamun ^ = Kakat 
Irtiubast
759 - 5 4 Rudamun Usermaatre Setepenamun < = Tadi
755 - 50 5 Ini
Only controlled Thebes during his reign.
24 732 - 20 12
@ Sais
732 - 25 7 Tefnakhte Shepsesre
725 - 20 5 Bakenrenef Wahkare
@ Napata
744 - 14 30 Piye Usimare King of Nubia = 1 Tabiry  2 Abar
3 Khensa 
4 Peksater 
5 Nefrukekashta
728 Piye invades Egypt, conquering Memphis, & receives submission of rulers of Nile Delta. He founds Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt.
714 - 05 9 Shebitku
705 - 690 15 Shabaka
700 Earliest Greek settlement in Egypt's Nile delta
Late Egypt
664 - 332 332
690 - 64 26 Taharqa Khunefertumre = 1 Takahatenamun
2 Atakhebasken
3 Naparaye
4 Tabekenamun
664 Nuri 1 Pyramid of Taharqa
664 - 56 8 Tantamani Bakare ^< = 1 Piankharty
2 Malaqaye
664 Thebes sacked by Assurbanipal
656 Kurru 16 Pyramid of Tantamani
656 Psamtik 1 captured Thebes
26 672 - 525 47
@ Sais
664 - 10 54 Psamtik I/Psammetichus 1 Wahibre = Mehytenweskhet succeeds Necho I as king of Lower Egypt
Reunified Egypt & ended the Nubiancontrol of Upper Egypt
610 - 595 15 Necho 2 Wehemibre = Khedebneithirbinet 1
 likely mentioned in several books of the Bible.
Late Egypt
664 - 332 332
595 - 89 6 Psamtik 2 /Psammetichus 2 Neferibre = Takhuit
fl 594 Sonchis Priest of Sais
590 Napata Sacked by Egyptians, compelling Cushite court to move to a more secure location at Meroe near sixth Cataract
589 - 70 19 Wahibre  Haaibre (Apries) Haaibre
Overthrown & forced into exile by Amasis II. Returned to Egypt at head of a Babylonian army, but was defeated & likely killed.
570 - 26 44 Amasis 2/Ahmose 2 Khnem-ib-re = 1 Tentkheta  2 Nakhtubasterau
Herodotus claims that when Cambyses IIinvaded Egypt, realizing he was not able to exact revenge for Amasis's previous misdeeds & trickery, he exhumed his body, desecrated it & burned what remained of mummy.
500s Neolithic/Early Farming invented
536 Pythagora, of Magna-Graecia visited Egypt.
526 - 5 1 Psamtik 3/Psammetichus 3 Ankhkaenre
525 Batle of Pelusium Cambyses, Persian ruler, conquers Egypt
527 Egypt becomes Persian Province.
@ Babylon
525 - 2 3 Cambyses 2
522 1 Bardiya/ Gaumata Possible impostor
522 - 20 2 Petubastis 3 Seheruibre Rebel
522 - 486 36 Darius 1 Great Stutre
502 Solar eclipse darkens Egypt (computed, no clear historical record of observation)
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
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500s
-
-
- Upper or southern reaches of Nile River rules Egypt from capital Meroe; with metal World, widened economic influence in sub-Saharan Africa
Civilizations in Africa: Kush
Direct ancestors of 25th dynasty
795 - 52 43 Alara Kurru 9 Queen Kasaqa (Kurru 23)
Kushite Empire
Egypt, Nubia

760 - 656 104
765 - 52 13 Kashta Kurru 8 Queen Pebatjma (Kurru 7?)
Phase 2
653 - 40 13 Atlanersa Nuri 20? Queen Khaliset, Queen Malotaral (Nuri 41), Queen Yeturow (Nuri 53), Queen Peltasen, Queen Taba
640 - 20 20 Senkamanisken Nuri 3 Queen Nasalsa (Nuri 24), Queen Amanimalel? (Nuri 22?)
620 - 600 20 Anlamani Nuri 6 Queen Mediken ? (Nuri 27)
600 - 580 20 Aspelta Nuri 8 Queen Mediken? (Nuri 27), Queen Henuttakhebit (Nuri 28), Queen Asata (Nuri 42), Queen Artaha (Nuri 58)
568 - 55 13 Aramatle-qo Nuri 9 Queen Atmataka (Nuri 55), Queen Piankh-her, Queen Maletasen (Nuri 39), Queen Amanitakaye (Nuri 26), Queen Akhe(qa)? (Nuri 38)
555 - 42 13 Malonaqen Nuri 5, Queen Tagtal (nuri 45)
Meroitic 1 542 - 315 227
542 - 38 4 Analmaye Nuri 18
538 - 19 19 Amaninatakilebte Nuri 10
519 - 10 9 Karkamani Nuri 7
510 - 487 23 Amaniastabarqa Nuri 2
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
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500s
   
730 Piye succeeds his father Kashta as king of Nubian kingdom of Napata.
 
500 Aksumites were a people formed from mix of Kushitic speaking people in Ethiopia & Semitic speaking people in southern Arabia who settled territory across Red Sea around 500 BC.  Civilizations in Africa: Axum
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
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500s
       
500 Bantu-speaking people migrate into south-west Uganda from west