900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Neo Elamite 2 1100 - 770 330
Neo Elamite 3 770 - 539 234
 
Elamite Empire 2700 - 521 2179
 
 
Brahmans begin to emerge 800 - 600 200
Buddha 563
Late Vedic period, Aryans integrated into Indian culture. Caste system emerges. 1000 - 600 400
 
Mahavira
Brihadratha 1738 - 799 1939
?
Pradyota 799 - 545 254
Haryanka
Magadhan Empire 1738 - 26 1712
 
Upanishads written; doctrines of reincarnation 800 - 500 300
   
Maha Janapadas 700 - 300 400
   
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770
330
983 - 978 5 Mar-biti-apla-usur
- Akshir-Shimut
- Akshir-Nahhunte
- Kara-Indash

1000 Naqsh-e Rustam
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770
330
Humban-Tahrid
830 - 521
309
822 - 20 2 unnamed king of Elamking of Anshan & Susacont. Shamshi-Adad 5 king of Assyria
800s Teppe Hasanlu
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770
330
Humban-Tahrid
830 - 521
309
743 Humban-Tahrah 1
743 - 717 26 Humban-Nikash Iking
717 - 699 18 Shutur-Nahhunte 2 king of Anshan & Susa
800 - 700 100 Woman spinning, from Susa (modern Shush, Iran) is made. It is now at Musee du Louvre, Paris.
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770
330
Humban-Tahrid
830 - 521
309
699 - 3 6 Hallushu-Inshushinak <Shutur-Nahhunte 2
693 - 2 1 Kutir-Nahhunte 3
692 - 88 4 Humban-Numena 3
688 - 1 7 Humban-Haltash 1
681 - 75 6 Humban-Haltash 2
675 - 63 12 Urtak-Inshushinak
663 - 53 10 Temti-Humban-Inshushinak 1
653 Battle of Ulai. Iraq.
653 - 1 2 Humban-Nikash 2
652 - 49 3 Tammaritu
649 - 8 1 Indabibi
648 - 5 3 Humban-Haltash 3 He was defeated and then captured by Assyrians.
647 Battle of Susa. Iraq.
647 Tammaritu
647 Humban-Nikash 3
647 Umhuluma
647 - 6 1 Indattu-Inshushinak 4
647 Humban-Hapua
646 - 5 1 Pa'e
646 - 20s 25 Shutur-Nahhunte 3 After him, kingdom of Anshan transferred to Achaemenids
620s Humban-Kitin
- Humban-Tahrah 2
- Hallutash-Inshushinak
Neo-Elamite
Humban-Tahrid
830 - 521
309
580s Ummanunu 1
580s Shilhak-Inshushinak 2
555 - ? Temti-Humban-Inshushinak 2
549 Halkatash
522 Açina son of Upadrama Defeated & X by Darius 1- 522 - 1 Ummanunu 2 or Humban-Nikash 4 (Ummaniš) Defeated and killed by Darius 1
520 Atta-hamiti-Inshushinak son of Hutran-Temti * Gisati. X by Darius 1

521 - 486 Ka'ba-ye Zartosht
522 - 486 Behistun Inscription
559 - 30 Gorgan Becomes a Satrapy
   
Median Kingdom
726 - 521
205
726 - 674 52 Dahiaukka ^Phraortes Deposed by Assyrians
Median Kingdom
726 - 521
205
- Persia Ecbatana First Persian Empire, Founded by Deioces.
674 - 52 22 Phraortes Xšaθrita Ison of Dahiaukka X in battle with Assyrians and Scythians. Domination of Scythian kingdom 652 - 625 BC
652 First recorded mention of King Kuras of Parsumas, possibly same as King Cyrus I of Anshan, head of Achaemenid dynasty
625 - 585 40 Cyaxares Huvaxšaθra
Median Kingdom
726 - 521
205
585 - 50 35 Astyages Ishtuvigu Deposed and later killed
522 - 1 1 Fravartish Xšaθrita 2 Killed by Darius 1

500s Bagram Town Destroyed by Cyrus Great Afghanistan
   
Achaemenid Kingdom
705 - 550 155
705 - 675 30 Achaemenes, first king of Persia
Achaemenid Kingdom
705 - 550 155
705 - 675 30 Achaemenes, first king of Persia
691 Battle of Halule against Synnacherib
- ?
- ?
Achaemenid
550 - 330 220
- Persia Various, including Pasargadae, Ecbatana, Persepolis, Susa, Babylon 220 Second Persian Empire,The largest in Classical Antiquity, Founded by Cyrus Great.
? - 580 Cyrus 1
- Cyrus 1 of Anshan overthrows Astyages of Medes, establishing Persian Empire taking over asia minor
580- 59 21 Cambyses 1
559 - 529 8 Cyrus 2 Great v576 - 529
559 Persian Empire founded by Cyrus Great
559 Persia conquers Medes
552 Temple of Diana built at Ephesus.
552 Battle of Herba.
551 Battle of The Persian Border.
550 Battle of Pasargadae.
547 - 6 1 Cyrus Great of Persia conquers Babylonia absorbing Babylon into Persian empire
- Intolerance 1916
546 Cyrus of Persia completes his conquest of Lydia, and makes Pasargadae, Iran his capital
544 People of Teos migrate to Abdera, Thrace to escape yoke of Persia
540 Persians conquer Lycian city of Xanthos now in southern Turkey (approximate date).
539 Elam is absorbed into Persian Empire
538 Egypt conquered by Persians
529 - 2 7 Cambyses 2 Suicide
527conquers Egypt, defeating Psammetichus 3. This is considered end of Twenty-sixth Dynasty, and start of Twenty-seventh Dynasty
522 - 1 1 Smerdis
521 - 486 35 Darius 1 born 549
521 Babylonian rebellion against Persian rule is suppressed
522 birth of Xerxes, future king of Persia
522 Babylon rebels against Persian rule
513 Darius Great subdues Getae and east Thrace in his war against Scythians
501 Naxos attacked by Persian Empire
500s Invasion of Transoxiana by Achaemenids of Persia under Darius 1 and Cyrus.
500 Darius 1 of Persia proclaims that Aramaic be official language of western half of his empire
537 Cyrus Persian campaigns west of Indus River.
517 - 09 8 Darius Persian conquers Indus Valley region, making area a province of Persian Empire.
Magadhan Empire
1738 - 26
1712
Brihadratha
1738 - 799
1939
1004 - 964 30 Sunita
964 - 884 80 Satyajit
1000 Rig Veda, first Vedic literature written.
Magadhan Empire
1738 - 26
1712
Brihadratha
1738 - 799
1939
884 - 49 35 Biswajit
849 - 799
50 Ripunjaya
877 - 777 100 Parsva Founder of Jainism, 23rd Tinthankara
800 - 500 300 Upanishads
700 Upanishads, a sacred text of Hinduism, written around this time.
700 - 600 100 Baudhayana Sulbasutra, an orally transmitted Vedic Sanskrit text on altar construction, contains earliest extant verbal statement of Pythagorean theorem, which was likely known to (but not stated by) Old Babylonians 1800 - 1600
600 Age of Mahajanapadas 16 great kingdoms rule India Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji (or Vriji), Malla, Chedi, Vatsa (or Vamsa), Kuru, Panchala, Machcha (or Matsya), Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara, Kamboja
599 - 27 72 Mahavira 24th Tirthankara of Jainism
500 Brush
500 Foundation of first republic in Vaishali Bihar India
528 Gautama Buddha began ministry
     
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
     
- NE India
-
Kosala Kingdom
300s
-
Kamboja Kingdom
?
-
Magadha Kingdom
?
Vajji (Vriji) Kingdom
?
-
Malla Kingdom
?
-
Chedi Kingdom
?
-
Vatsa (or Vamsa) Kingdom
?
-
-
-
Surasena Kingdom
500s
-
Assaka Kingdom
500s
-
-
Gandhara Kingdom
?
-
Kamboja Kingdom
?
-
 
       
       
Kingdom of Tambapanni
543 - 505
38
Vijaya's Eldest child of Sihabahu and Sinhasivali
Grandson of Suppadevi
Great Grandson of king of Vanga and daughter of king of Kalinga
Great Great Grandson of king of Kalinga

       
Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara
505 - 377 128
505 - 4 1 Upatissa
       
563 Queen Maya, mother of Siddhartha Gautama, dies seven days after giving birth
563 - 483 80 Gautama Buddha
528 Gains Enlightenment
     
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
       
543 North Indian Prince Vijaya invades Ceylon and establishes a Sinhalese dynasty