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2 Education
3 Philosophy
4 Politics
5 News
6 Travel
7 Sports
8 Funding
900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
 
Parthia 1999? - 678 422
Media 678 - 550 128 Hyrcania 548 -
   
   
 
Brahmans begin to emerge 800 - 600 200  
Upanishads written 800 - 500 300
Late Vedic period, Aryans integrated into Indian culture. Caste system emerges. 1000 - 600 400
 
Mahavira & Bud
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770
330
1000 Naqsh-e Rustam
983 - 978 5 Mar-biti-apla-usur
Akshir-Shimut
Akshir-Nahhunte
Kara-Indash
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770 330
Humban-Tahrid
830 - 521
309
822 - 20 2 Unnamed king of Elam, Anshan & Susacont. Shamshi-Adad 5 king of Assyria
800s Teppe Hasanlu
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770 330
743 Humban-Tahrah 1
800 - 700 100 Woman spinning, from Susa (modern Shush, Iran) is made. It is now at Musee du Louvre, Paris.
743 - 717 26 Humban-Nikash Iking
717 - 699 18 Shutur-Nahhunte 2 king of Anshan & Susa
Neo Elam 2
1100 - 770 330
699 - 3 6 Hallushu-Inshushinak <Shutur-Nahhunte 2
693 - 2 1 Kutir-Nahhunte 3
692 - 88 4 Humban-Numena 3
688 - 1 7 Humban-Haltash 1
681 - 75 6 Humban-Haltash 2
675 - 63 12 Urtak-Inshushinak
663 - 53 10 Temti-Humban-Inshushinak 1
653 Battle of Ulai. Iraq.
653 - 1 2 Humban-Nikash 2
652 - 49 3 Tammaritu
649 - 8 1 Indabibi
648 - 5 3 Humban-Haltash 3 He was defeated & then captured by Assyrians
647 Battle of Susa. Iraq.
647 Tammaritu
647Humban-Nikash 3
647 Umhuluma
647 - 6 1 Indattu-Inshushinak 4
647 Humban-Hapua
646 - 5 1 Pa'e
646 - 20s 25 Shutur-Nahhunte 3 After him, kingdom of Anshan transferred to Achaemenids
620s Humban-Kitin
- Humban-Tahrah 2
- Hallutash-Inshushinak
Neo-Elamite
580s Ummanunu 1
580s Shilhak-Inshushinak 2
559 - 30 Gorgan Becomes a Satrapy
555 - ? Temti-Humban-Inshushinak 2
549 Halkatash
522 Açina ^ Upadrama Defeated & X by Darius 1-
522 - 1 Ummanunu 2 or Humban-Nikash 4 (Ummaniš) Defeated & killed by Darius 1
522 - 486 36 Behistun Inscription
520 Atta-hamiti-Inshushinak son of Hutran-Temti * Gisati. X by Darius 1
521 - 486 Ka'ba-ye Zartosht
   
726 - 674 52 Dahiaukka^Phraortes Deposed by Assyrians
- Persia Ecbatana First Persian Empire, Founded by Deioces.
674 - 52 22 Phraortes Xšaθrita Ison of Dahiaukka X in battle with Assyrians & Scythians. Domination of Scythian kingdom 652 - 625 BC
625 - 585 40 Cyaxares Huvaxšaθra
585 - 50 35 Astyages Ishtuvigu Deposed & later killed
522 - 1 1 Fravartish Xšaθrita 2 Killed by Darius 1
   
Achaemenid
705 - 330
375
705 - 675 30 Achaemenes, first king of Persia
Achaemenid
705 - 330
375
705 - 675 30 Achaemenes, first king of Persia
691 Battle of Halule against Synnacherib
675 - 52 23 Kuras
652 - 10 42 ?
Achaemenid
705 - 330
375
- Persia Various, including Pasargadae, Ecbatana, Persepolis, Susa, Babylon
610 - 580 30 Cyrus 1
580 Medes Conquered
580 - 59 21 Cambyses 1
559 - 529 8 Cyrus 2 Great v 576 - 529
Achaemenid Empire
559 - 330 229
559 Medes Conquered
552 Temple of Diana built at Ephesus.
552 Battle of Herba.
551 Battle of Persian Border.
550 Battle of Pasargadae.
547 - 6 1 Babylonia conquered
- Intolerance 1916
546 Cyrus of Persia completes his conquest of Lydia, & makes Pasargadae, Iran his capital
544 People of Teos migrate to Abdera, Thrace to escape yoke of Persia
540 Lycian city of Xanthos conquered S Turkey
539 Elam absorbed
538 26thD Egypt conquered
537 Cyrus Persian campaigns west of Indus River.
500s Bagram Destroyed by Cyrus Great Afghanistan
529 - 2 7 Cambyses 2 Suicide
522 - 1 1 Smerdis
521 - 486 35 Darius 1 born 549
522 - 1 1 Babylon unsuccessfully rebels against Persian rule
517 - 09 8 Persian Darius conquers Indus Valley region, making area a province of Persian Empire.
513 Getae & east Thrace subdued in his war against Scythians
501 Naxos attacked by Persian Empire
500s Invasion of Transoxiana
500 Aramaic official language of western half of empire
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
1000 Rig Veda, first Vedic literature written.
800 - 500 300 Upanishads
799 - 79 20 ?
779 - 6 3 Pradyota
877 - 777 100 Parsva Founder of Jainism, 23rd Tinthankara
776 - 52 24 Palaka
752 - 02 50 Visakhayupa
700 - 600 100 Baudhayana Sulbasutra, an orally transmitted Vedic Sanskrit text on altar construction, contains earliest extant verbal statement of Pythagorean theorem, which was likely known to (but not stated by) Old Babylonians 1800 - 1600
- Ajaka
- Varttivarddhana
599 - 27 72 Mahavira of Vaishali 24th Tirthankara of Jainism
545 - 493 Bimbisara founder of Magadha 1 empire
500 Brush
500 Foundation of first republic in Vaishali Bihar India
528 Gautama Buddha began ministry
     
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
     
- NE India
Age of Mahajanapadas
16 kingdoms rule India 600s
-
Kosala Kingdom
300s
-
Kamboja Kingdom
?
-
Magadha Kingdom
?
Vajji (Vriji) Kingdom
?
-
Malla Kingdom
?
-
Chedi Kingdom
?
-
Vatsa (or Vamsa) Kingdom
?
-
-
-
Surasena Kingdom
500s
-
Assaka Kingdom
500s
-
-
Gandhara Kingdom
?
-
Kamboja Kingdom
?
-
 
       
       
Kingdom of Tambapanni
543 - 505
38
Vijaya's Eldest child of Sihabahu & Sinhasivali
Grandson of Suppadevi
Great Grandson of king of Vanga & daughter of king of Kalinga
Great Great Grandson of king of Kalinga
       
Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara
505 - 377 128
505 - 4 1 Upatissa
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
       
563 Queen Maya, mother of Siddhartha Gautama, dies seven days after giving birth
563 - 483 80 Gautama Buddha
528 Gains Enlightenment
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
     
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
Northern Black Polished Ware Culture
700 - 200 500
- Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
- Chandraketugarh, India
- Wari-Bateshwar, Bangladesh
- Bangarh, India
- Mangalkot, India
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
       
543 North Indian Prince Vijaya invades Ceylon & establishes a Sinhalese dynasty