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900s
800s
Ancient - 500A 700s Future
600s
500s
  Tartessos 950? - 530 420  
 
 
 Proto-Villanovan culture  1100s - 901 200s  
Etruscan
 
Aesop
 
Pisi
Aes
Capys
Ti
Rom
Procus
Kingdom of Alba Longa 1169 - 650 509
     
 
Latin League 650 - 338 312
First settlements on Palatine Hill 1000 - 800 200
 
R
   
A                  
Kingdom of Athens 1556 - 338 1218
 
Homer
 
Ancient Olympic Games in Greece 776 BC - 393 AD 1169
Republics 800 - 700 100
     
Sapho
Pythagoras 570
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Kingdom of Alba Longa
1169 - 650 509
1030 - 991 39 Alba
1000 - 800 200 1st settlements on Palatine Hill
991 - 65 26 Atys
965 - 37 28 Capys
937 - 24 13 Capetus
924 - 16 8 Tiberinus Silvius
916 - 875 41 Agrippa

Kingdom of Alba Longa
1169 - 650 509
916 - 875 41 Agrippa
875 - 56 19 Romulus Silvius
856 - 19 37 Aventinus
819 - 796 23 Procas

Kingdom of Alba Longa
1169 - 650 509
819 - 796 23 Procas
794 - 52 42 Amulius
^ Numitor Rhea made Vestal Virgin
Rhea begets Romulus & Remus by Mars
Numitor captures Remus & identifies Romulus & Remus
Coup by Romulus & Remus
752 - 22? 30? Numitor
724? - 694? ?

706 Taras Colony Founded by Spartan immigrants in southern Italy
750 Greek cities founded in Italy.
734 Naxus in Sicily founded as a colony of Chalcis in Euboea.
753 Roman Forum
7 - 600s Caulonia
Kingdom of Alba Longa
1169 - 650 509
724? - 694? 30 ?
694? - 50 34 Gaius Cluilius
675 Alba Longa Amphitheater
650 Mettius Fufetius

640 - 555 85 Stesichoru Sicily Lyric, Poet
690s Taormina Theater
680 Locri
642 Sublicius Bridge Rome
628 Temple of Hera Selinunte Founded
600s Ostia Antica
540 Greek city of Elea of southern Italy founded (approximate date)
550s Carthage conquers Sicily, Sardinia & Corsica
600 Capua Founded
600 Milan Founded by Celts
582 - 80 Juno Temple Agrigento
550 Sybaris Coins
550 - 30 Panionium Detail from Vucli
509 Jupiter Optimus Maximus Temple Rome
500s Apollo Temple Pompeii
5 - 400s Hera Temple Campania
5 - 400s Paestum
   
Etruscan Civilization
800 - 264 536
715 - 674 49 Etruscan civilization dominates region.
700 End of Villanovan Culture & Rise of Etruscan Civilization North Italy
Etruscan Civilization
800 - 264 536
600 Etruscans built tombs of Cerveteri.
Etruscan Civilization
800 - 264 536
-
540 - 35 5 Battle of Alalia. Corsica, France.
   
Kingdom of Sabines
700s
- Cures 26 miles from Rome
? - 748 ? Titus Tatius
   
   
Kingdom of Rome
753 - 509
244
753 - 16 37 Romulus X54
753 Rome founded by Romulus & Remus
753 Calendar 'Ab urbe condita' begins
Senate of 100 Men created who create Patricians
Legion of 3,000 made
Rome denied marraige rights by all surrounding towns
752 Rape of Sabine women by Romans at festival of Neptune
751 Sabines (Etruscans) attack Rome, breach gates & fight within Rome.
- Rome & Sabines Unite & Kings Romulus & Tacius rule together
Senate increased from 100 to 200 from Sabines
Comita Curiada 1st Citizens assembly made
10 Curiae for Comita Curiada to Appoint & Legislate
Constitution made with 2 Kings, Patricians & Plebians all making laws
Legion increased to 6,000
Tacius fights & killed by Lavinium & no revenge taken
730 Romulus creates Calares 300 personal bodyguard
753 Rome invades Alba Longa & kills their King
740 Rome destroys Caenina
750 Three Cavalry Centuries Made
740 Rome defeats Fidenae
735 Rome defeats Veii in Battle & Takes land
King dissapears in Cloud while watching troops & standing with Patricians
716 - 673 43 Numa Pompilius
713 Roman calendar reformed.
712 Pontifex Maximus (1st priest), Senate, & Priestly Officials Created
Kingdom of Rome
753 - 509
244
716 - 673 43 Numa Pompilius
716 Image of God in form of man or beast made Illegal
716 King disbands 300 personal bodyguard
715 Temple of Janus built to show peace or war
600s Roman Forum built
714 Cult of Terminus instigated to peacefully preserve borders
713 Flamen of Quirinus for Jupiter office Created
712 Flamen of Quirinus for Mars office Created
713 Flamen of Quirinus for Romulus office Created
711 Vestal Virgins moved from Alba Longa to Rome
710 January & February Created
709 Pontiff Office Created
708 8 Priest Offices Created: curiones, flamines, celeres, augurs, vestals, salii, fetials, pontiffs
707 Spolia Opima Ritual Created
706 Indigitamenta Lists Created
705 Occupational Guilds Created: musicians, goldsmiths, carpenters, dyers, shoemakers, skinners, braziers, & potters; & all other handicraftsmen
673 - 42 31 Tullus Hostilius
651 Rome defeats Alba Longa
650 Fidenae Revolts from Rome w/ help from Veii & is defeated
Metius Fufetius dismembered
650 Rome destroys Alba Longa
- Sins of Rome 1954
650 Caelian Mount added to city
650 Tullii, Servilii, Quintii, Geganii, Curiatii, Cloilii family from Alba Longa enrolled in Senate
650 Created 10 Troops of horsemen & augmented army
646 Rome Conqueres Laurentum. Greece.
645 Battle of Meletiosa Wood Rome VS Sabines
643 Battle of Anio River Rome Vs Sabines
642 - 16 26 Ancus Marcius
641 1st Latine War
641 1st Formal Declaration of War 30 day warning
641 Politorium Conquered & Destroyed
641 Tellenae Conquered & Destroyed
640 Ficana Conquered & Destroyed
640 Medulia Beseiged & Conquered. Citizens moved to Rome.
639 Janiculum incorporated into city
641 Siege of Politorium
640 Battle for Silvia Arsia Rome seizes Silva Arsia from Etruscans of Veii
638 1st Roman Bridge made Pons Sublicius
637 1st Prison in Rome
646 Rome Conqueres Laurentum
636 Ostia Founded
635 Roman Territory extended to sea
Lucius Tarquinius moves to Rome
616 - 578 38 Lucius Tarquinius Priscus assassinated
Tarquinius elected in landslide
Sons of Ancus Marcius go into exile
616 100 new Senators from younger families created to make 300
615 Took Apioli by Storm
615 Circus Maximus Created
614 - 10 4 War with Sabines
614 1st Battle with Sabines
614 Double Centuries to 1,800 in 3 centuries, switched to 6 centuries of 300.
613 2nd Battle of Feiry Bridge w/ Sabines
Triumph Created
612 Invades Sabines & takes Collatia
611 - 06 5 Conqueres Latine Cities
611 Conqueres Corniculum
611 Conqueres Old Feculium
610 Conqueres Cameria
609 Conqueres Christomeria
608 Conqueres Ameriola
607 Conqueres Medulia
606 Conqueres Nomentum
605 Made Wall around City
Kingdom of Rome
753 - 509
244
616 - 578 38 L. Tarquinius Priscus assassinated
Servius Tullius adopted by King as child
- 600 1st Sewer & Drained Swamps between hills
583 Statues begin to be made
King assasinated by plot by Ancus Marcius' sons
578 - 34 44 Servius Tullius Assasinated
Temple of Diana to signify Rome as Capital of Latium
Daughters of King Tulia marry sons of Tarquinius Priscus Ancus & Aruns
Two Royal Couples switch after Tulia kills Aruns & Lucius kills his wife & Tulia Marries Lucius
571 Conquered Veiintians
564 Vestal Virgens increased from 2 to 4
550 Completes city walls. Defined sacred boundary of Rome. Build Mound & Moats around city
550 pomerium; first census at Circus Maximus. 80,000 Citizens who could bare arms. 35X2=70 Tribes.
550 Added Quirinal, Viminal & Esquiline Hills to city
549 Rome made official Capital of Latium with Temple of Ephesian Diana funded by all cities in Latium
549 Graduated Tax system created.
Comita Curiada replaced by Comita Centuriada
548 Reorganizes Army
- 1st Class: 100,000lbs+ Copper in property. 80 Centuries, 40 Junior fight on field & 40 Senior defend city. Round Sheild, Greaves, Helmet, Spear, Sword, Mail. Had 2 Centuries of Carpenters w/out arms to work engines of war
- 2nd Class: 75-100,000 lbs - 20 Centuries. No mail, Oblong Sheild.
- 3rd Class 50-75,000 lbs - 20 Centuries. 10 Senior & 10 Junior. No Greaves.
- 4th Class 25-50,000 lbs - 20 Centuries. Only had spear & Javelin
- 5th Class 11-25,000 lbs - 30 Centuries. Slings & Stones. Had 3 Centuries of Trumpeters & Hornblowers
- 6th Class <11,000 lbs - One Century. Except from Service
548 Reorganized Cavalry
- 1st Class: 12 Centuries Paid 10,000 lbs
- 2nd Class: 6 Centuries. Paid 10,000 lbs
547 Changed Voting so only knights could vote. If higher classes can't agree they bring in lower classes to break balance. Seldom happened.
King killed in Coup
534 - 9 25 Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, Deposed last Roman king
534 Senate Reduced
533 King stops advising with Senate
509 Overthrow of Etruscan kings & destruction of monarchy by L. Junius Brutus.
515 Gabii Peacefully Annexed
520 Takes Suessa Pometia
534 Peace Treaty with Aequi
515 Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus
514 Seats around Circus Maximus
525 Princes Aruns & Titus & King's Nephew Brutus go to Delphi to interprete King's dream
514 Subterranian Sewer Built
509 Rome takes Ardea of Rutulians
Political opponents executed without trial
Council of Latium: Tarquin appears late & it critisized by a man who is framed for treason & executed without trial
Prince Sextus goes to Colatinus' house for party & rapes his wife Lucretia who commits suicide for shame
Mutiny in Ardea
Coup & whole Royal Family banned from Rome
Republic of Rome
509 BC - 27 AD 536
Patrician Era
509 - 367
142
509 L. Iunius Brutus
509 First consuls are Lucius Junius Brutus & Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus; First Plebeian senators appointed (conscripti) to fill vacancies created by overthrow of monarchy; possible Etruscan siege of Rome. Each consul can veto other
Praetors Created
509 Seige of Rome by Porcena Mucius attempts to assasinate King & burns hand to show his strength & is released
509 Battle of Silva Arsia Rome VS Tarquinii, Veii Brutus & Lucius kill each other. Horacius burns bridge & swims accross river
509 Seige of Rome
508 Seige of Rome
509 Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus is built on Capitoline Hill dedicated on ides of September
Brutus executes two sons for attempted Coup
508 - 7 2 P. Valerius Poplicola 2X
508 Pontifex Maximus Created to oversee Rex Sacrorum.
Publicola moves Consuls residence from hill to streets
504 Due process to all Roman citizens
Legalized murder to anyone who tries to be King
508 Etruscan siege of Rome
506 Sp. Larcius Rufus (or Flavus)
505 M. Valerius Volusus
505 1st pair of Roman consuls Elected
504P. Valerius Poplicola 4thX
504 Claudii Migrate to Rome
503 Agrippa Menenius Lanatus
503 Carthage made 1st alliance with Rome.
503 Cora Revolts from Rome unsuccessfully
503 Pometia Revolts from Rome unsuccessfully
502 Opet. Verginius Tricostus
502 Latin League defeats Etruscans under Lars Porsena at Aricia
501 Post. Cominius Auruncus
501 - ? T. Larcius
501 In response to threats by Sabines, Rome creates office of dictator & Master of Horse.
500 Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus
500 Crustumerium Conquered
1000 Talaiot Megaliths Serbia
     
800 - 480 320 Phoenician rule malta
700 - 600 100 Greek influence
1100 - 800 300 Dark Age of Greece
900 BC - AD 100 Delos general
900s Sparta
Kingdom of Athens
1556 - 508 1548
- 900 Dorian migration to Aegean islands, Asia Minor (area around Rhodes), & through Peloponnesus.
- 884 - 34 50 Homers estimated life
- 800 Emergence of Greek city-states, including Athens, Thebes & Megara.
8 - 600s Chalcis-Negroponte by Giacomo Franco
800 - 700 Aristocratic Republics begin to replace Monarchies
776 BCE - 393 CE 1169 Ancient Olympic Games in Greece. retrospectively set as first Olympiad. history Olympic Games is believed to reach as far back as 1200's BC.
750's Model of temple, found in Sanctuary of Hera, Argos, is made. It is now at National Archeological Museum, Athens.
724 Diaulos Footrace introduced at Olympics.
710 - 650 60 Lelantine War between Greek city states Chalkis & Eretria in Euboea
700 Homer's epic poems first set down in writing
700 Hesiod composes his Theogony, Works & Days, & other poems
700's 1st Mention of Iberia
700's Greeks colonize Mediterranean & Black Seas
700s BC - 300s AD Olympia
700s Heraion of Samos
Kingdom of Athens
1556 - 508 1548
600s Coin Currency
703 - 693 10 Apsander
693 - 83 10 Eryxias
600s Larissa founded in argos
685 - 68 17 2nd Messenian War
682 Battle of Great Foss. Greece.
Annual Archons
683 BCE - 275 CE
408
- From different political parties. Lasted until 275 AD under Roman Empire & then was subject to Byzantium followed by Ottomans.
682 - 1 1 Creon
681 - 0 1 Lysiades
680 - 79 1 Tlesias
679 - 1 8 Unknown
671 - 0 1 Leostratus
670 - 69 1 Unknown
669 - 8 1 Pisistratus
668 - 7 1 Autosthenes
667 - 4 3 Unknown
664 - 3 1 Miltiades
663 - 59 4 Unknown
659 - 8 1 Miltiades
658 - 45 13 Unknown
648 Pankration becomes an event at Ancient Olympic Games.
648 Earliest Greek-Chronicled Solar Eclipse
680 - 45 35 Archilochus of Thasos poet born on island of Paros
645 - 4 1 Dropides
644 - 39 5 Unknown
639 - 8 1 Damasias
638 - 4 4 Unknown
634 - 3 1 Epaenetus
633 - 2 1 Unknown
632 Cylon seizes Acropolis in Failed Attempt to be King
632 - 1 1 Megacles
631 - 4 7 Unknown
624 - 3 1 Aristaechmus
623 - 1 2 Unknown
621 - 0 1 Draco
620 - 15 5 Unknown
615 - 4 1 Heniochides
614 - 5 9 Unknown
605 - 4 1 Aristocles
604 - 0 4 Unknown
600 - 599 1 Critias
600 Chaeronea-Lion of Chaerone in Boatian League
600s Tyrtaeus Poet, General, Musician

626 Suggestion Earth is Round by Thales, 1st of 7 sages of Greece
621 Draco's code of law
667 Byzantium founded.
668 Pyramid of Hellinikon Tomb of Argives
654 Abdera, Thrace
650 Thasos-Alyki Quarries City Founded
600s - 318 Ancient Olynthos Chalkidiki
600s Sicyon Theatre Gains Independence Sikyon
600s Samothrace Temple Complex Samothraki Hieron
Kingdom of Athens
1556 - 508 1548
600 - 599 1 Critias
599 - 7 2 Unknown
597 - 6 1 Cypselus
596 - 5 1 Telecles
595 - 85 10 1st Sacred War between Amphictyonic League of Delphi & city of Kirrha.
595 - 4 1 Philombrotus
594 - 3 1 Solon
594 Solon became Athens' chief magistrate. He established Council of 400 & made other legal reforms designed to give citizens more voice.
593 - 2 1 Dropides
592 - 1 1 Eucrates
591 - 0 1 Simon
590 - 89 1 anarchy
589 - 88 1 Phormion
588 - 7 1 Philippus
587 - 6 1 Unknown
586 Delphi Composite
586 - 5 1 anarchy
585 - 2 1 Unknown
585 Thales Founder of school of philosophy in Miletus, is first to present a rational explanation of cosmos (namely, that all things are made of moisture).
582 Pythian Games founded at Delphi (traditional date)
582 - 1 1 Damasias
581 - 0 1 Damasias
580 - 79 1 anarchy
579 - 8 1 anarchy
578 - 7 1 Unknown
577 - 6 1 Archestratidas
576 - 0 6 Unknown
573 - 235 Nemean games Nemea
612 - 570 42 Sappho famous female lyric poet from isle of Lesbos.
570 - 69 1 Aristomenes
569 - 6 3 Unknown
566 Panathenaic festivals Established
566 - 5 1 Hippocleides
565 - 1 4 Unknown
620 - 564 56 Aesop
561 - 0 1 Comeas
560 Pisistratus seizes Acropolis of Athens & declares himself tyrant. He is deposed in same year
560 - 59 1 Hegestratus
559 - 6 3 Unknown
556 - 5 1 Hegesias
556 Pisistratus is exiled from Athens to Euboea
558 Hegesias removed as Archon of Athens
555 - 4 1 Euthidemus
554 - 48 1 Unknown
552 Temple of Diana built at Ephesus.
551 Patras from Fortress
600 - 550 Maroneia Ancient Theater Marwneia Rhodope Greece panoramic
550s Foundation of Temple of Zeus in Athens made
fl 549 Thespis Greek poet & tragedian.
548 - 7 1 Erxicleides
547 - 6 1 Thespius
610 - 546 64 Anaximander Philosopher
546 Persian invasion & conquest of Greek territories through out Asia Minor.
546 - 5 1 Phormion
545 - 36 9 Unknown
635 - 543 82 Thales Mathematician predicts solar eclipse in 585 BC
536 Pythagoras discovered forty-seventh problem, multiplication table & suggested ideas of which Copernican system was full development.
536 - 5 1 Phrynaeus
535 - 33 2 Unknown
534 According to tradition, Thespis becomes first actor by reciting poetry as characters in poem.
533 - 2 1 Thericles
532 - 28 4 Unknown
530 Pythagoras Mathematician & philosopher, & his followers found city of Croton. Their community is based on philosophy, literature, & political activity.
528 - 7 1 Philoneus
527 - 6 1 Onetorides
547 - 27 20 Pisistratus ruler of Athens. He establishes festivals, builds temples & fountains, & encourages growth of olives for export.
544 1st Public Library at Athens collected poems of Homer, by Pisistratus
543 Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens, purifies island of Delos (approximate date)
534 Competitions for tragedy are instituted at City Dionysia festival in Athens
526 - 5 1 Hippias
525 Greek Drama begins to grow out of Dionysian festivals, especially with plays of Aeschylus.
525 - 4 1 Cleisthenes
524 - 3 1 Miltiades
523 - 2 1 Calliades
522 - 1 1 Pisistratus
521 - 18 3 Unknown
518 - 7 1 Hebron
517 - 11 1 Unknown
511 - 10 1 Harpactides
510s Thebes Boeotia fights Athens for 1stX
510s - 200s Brauron
510 - 9 1 Harpactides
510 Athens drove out tyrant Hippias, ^ Pisistratus supported by Cleomenes I, King of Sparta & his forces . Cleisthenes & Isagoras struggle for power.
509 - 8 1 Lysagoras
508 - 7 1 Isagoras
508 Cleisthenes flees Athens as Spartan troops approach to assist Isagoras, & Isagoras becomes ruler of Athens.
Democracy of Athens
508 - 86 422
508 Cleisthenes, Greek reformer, takes power and institutes a democracy – one vote for each free man on every matter of importance.
507 - 6 1 Alcmeon
506 - 4 2 Unknown
504 - 3 1 Acestorides
503 - 1 2 Unknown
502 Naxos Rebels Against Persian Domination sparking Ionian Revolt
501 - 0 1 Hermocreon
6 - 300s Gortyn Law Code Gortyn Louvre
500 Refugees from Teos resettle Abdera
500s Epimenides Paradox Epimenides of Knossos, a famous Cretian seer & philosopher-poet, associated with the
500 Aphaea Temple
500s - 167 Necromanteion-Basement of Necromanteion Periander consultion to Destruction by Romans
500s Paleopolis founded, Andros
5 - 400s Eretria
Kingdom of Sparta
1490 - 146 1344
Agiad
Kingdom of Sparta
1490 - 146 1344
Agiad
790 -
Kingdom of Sparta
1490 - 146 1344
741 - 665 76 Polydorus
684 Battle of Deres. Greece.
669 Argos defeats Sparta for last time, this time using a Phalanx, at battle of Hysiae.
Agiad
665 - 40 25 Eurycrates
650 Sparta was reorganized by Lycurgus, who made aristocratic city into an oligarchy based on warfare.
650s Spartan Creed by Ancient Greek poet Tyrtaeus
640 - 15 25 Anaxander
615 - 590 25 Eurycratides
Eurypontid
 
- Aigai (Vergina), Greece. 808 - 400 408, Pella, Greece 400 - 67 333. Greek religion. Ancient Macedonian, later Attic/Koine Greek. $Greek Drachma.
- Aigai (Vergina), Greece. 808 - 400 408, Pella, Greece 400 - 67 333. Greek religion. Ancient Macedonian, later Attic/Koine Greek. $Greek Drachma.
     
Kingdom of Corinth
600s - 337 300ish
657 Cypselus becomes first tyrant of Corinth.
Kingdom of Corinth
600s - 337 300ish
580 Isthmian Games founded at Corinth
       
-
       
fl 550 Aeaces
540s - 22 20s Polycrates
? Maeandrus
538 - 22 16 Tunnel of Eupalinos-Eupalinian Aqueduct