1 About Me
2 Education
3 Philosophy
4 Politics
5 News
6 Travel
7 Sports
8 Funding
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
522
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
655
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
900s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
800s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
600s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
500s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Kingdom of Lydia 1200 - 546 654
 
 
Migration to Ukraine 850 - 44 806
Bosporian Kingdom 1185 - 44 1146
 
   
           
           
   
 
Urartu 858 - 560 298
 
 
Kingdom of Chaldia 900 - 550 450
 
  Hyrcania
548 BC - 651 AD
1199
   
Satrapy of Armenia
570 - 161
409
 
 
Sol 1000 - 930 70
UK I & J
1050 - 930 120
Judah Post capture
Psalms
PES
Jero
Baasha
z
z
Omri
 
Men
p
H
Kingdom of Israel 930 - 722 253
 
 
Phoenicia 1550 - 300 1250
 
Kingdom of Aram Damascus 1110's - 734 370's
Chald
 
Assyr
 
Persia
Middle Assyrian Period
1378 - 934
448
 
Neo-Assyrian Empire
911 - 609 302 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
-
1000 Perga Founded
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
-
8 - 700s Gordium Ruins
800s mi Kilamuwa Stela of Sam'al
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
797 - 47 50 Ardysus 1
747 - 18 29 Meles
718 - 687 31 Gyges
756 Founding of Cyzicus.
735 - 13 22 Rusahinili-Toprah-Kale
730 - 10 20 Ivriz Relief of Warpalala
700 BC - 1000s 1700 Phaselis City
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
687 - 52 35 Gyges
631 - 19 12 Sadyates
619 Alyattes
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
560 - 47 13 Croesus
547 mi Battle of River Halys
Croesus
killed by Cyrus
547 Annexed by Persia
547 Battle of Pteria
547 Battle of Thymbra
600 Smyrna, Turkey. sacked & destroyed
600 Dogs in Battle in Lydia Turkey
540 Xanthos Conquered by Persia
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Legendary
1185 - 770
415
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
Chaldea Turkey.
Urartu
858 - 560
298
- mi Arzashkun, Armenia & Tushpa, Turkey 832 -
900 Urartu adopts Assyrian cuneiform script
Early kings
858 - 34 24
858 - 44 14 Aramu
844 - 34 10 Lutipri
Rise to power
834 - 714 120
834 - 28 6 Sarduri 1 Sarduris 1
moved capital to Tushpa
expanded fortress of Van.
828 - 10 18 Ishpuini Expanded empire & conquered Mushashir
Urartu
858 - 560
298
Rise to power
834 - 714 120
810 - 785 25 mi Menua
Expanded kingdom
Centralized administrative structure
Fortified cities
Founded fortresses
National canal & irrigation
785 - 53 32 Argishti 1 Argishtish 1 fortified empire's frontier, founded MI Yerevan
753 - 35 18 Sarduri 2 maximum expansion; zenith of Urartian power
735 - 14 21 Rusa 1 Assyrian & Cimmerian attacks
Urartu
858 - 560
298
Decline 714 - 615 99
714 - 680 34 Argishti 2
680 - 39 41 Rusa 2
639 - 5 4 Sarduri 3
635 - 29 6 Erimena
629 - 615 39 Rusa 3 x590
615 - 595 20 Sarduri 4
608 mi Battle of Haran Turkey.
605 mi Battle of Charchemish Turkey.
Urartu Kingdom
858 - 560 298
Defeat & destruction
615 - 560 55
615 - 595 20 Sarduri 4
595 - 85 10 Rusa 4 raids of Assyrians, Medes & Scythians.
Orontid Dynasty 570 - 60 10
570 - 60 10 Orontes 1 Sakavakyats after last king of Urartu.
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
1000 Iron Age Emergence of City States & eventually Ten City States.
 
709 Cyprus conquered & unified by Neo Assyrian Empire
669 10 city kingdoms of Cyprus declared independence from Assyria
570 Cyprus conquered by Egypt
526 Amasis died. His son Psammetichus 3 succeeded him as pharaoh.
525 kingdoms of Cyprus pledged allegiance to Achaemenid Empire before their invasion of Egypt.
525 Battle of Pelusium
Persia vs Egypt
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
 
- mi Arzashkun, Tushpa, Armenia
- Arzashkun, Tushpa, Armenia
782 Erebuni by orders of King Argishtis 1 at site of current-day Yerevan, Armenia.
- Arzashkun, Tushpa, Armenia
- Arzashkun, Tushpa, Armenia
Satrapy of Armenia
570 - 161 409
mi Armavir, Yervandashat
- Armenian & Urantian?
- Zoroastrianism
Orontid
570 - 323
447
570 - 60 10 Orontes 1 Sakavakyats
560 - 35 25 Tigranes Orontid
530 - 15 15 Vahagn
515 - 500 15 Hidarnes 1
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
UK of Israel & Judah
1030 - 931
99
1030 - 970 60 David
984 Jehu
980 Syria vs Israel
971 - 31 40 Solomon
1011 - 931 80 "Glorious Kingdom"
Solomon & Sheba 1959
Queen of Sheba 1952
999 Solomon's Temple
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes & Song of Solomon written by Solomon during his reign.
931 12 tribes of Israel, Great Schism
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 343
Jerusalem, Israel
Made of 2 southern tribes, Benjamin & Judah.
931 - 15 17 Rehoboam .
925 Sack of Jerusalem China.
915 -12 3 Abijah
913 mi Battle of Zemaraim Israel.
912 - 871 41 Asa Good & godly
Kingdmom of Judah
931 - 588 43
871 - 49 25 Jehoshaphat
849 - 42 8 Jehoram
842 - 41 1 Ahaziah
841 - 35 6 Queen Athaliah
841 - 796 45 Jehoash
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
796 - 76 20 Amaziah
776 - 36 52 Uzziah
760 - 698 62 Book of Isaiah
758 Book of Joel
750 - 35 15 Jotham
735 - 15 20 Ahaz
725 - 665 60 Book of Hosea Reproved Israel for their sins & idolatry, warned Judah & revolted against Assyrian domination.
715 - 687 29 Hezekiah good
710 Book of Micah
700 Book of Nahum
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
687 - 42 55 mi Manasseh Most wicked until taken captive, then became good.
763 Solar eclipse mentioned in Old Testament
650 Ark of Covenant goes to Aksum, Ethiopia
642 - 40 2 Amon bad
640 - 10 30 Josiah good
635 Fall of Ashdod. Iraq
630 Book of Zephaniah
629 - 588 41 Book of Jeremiah Prophesied for 41 years.
- Jeremiah 1998 TV
622 Deuteronomy found in Jerusalem Temple
610 3M Jehoahaz Neco 
deposed & imprisoned in Egypt 
610 Book of Habakkuk
610 - 598 12 Jehoiakim ^
609 Battle of Megiddo King
Josiah
of Judah dies
Pharaoh Necho 2 aided vassal Assyria Ashur-uballit 2
609 Jehoahaz succeeds his father Josiah as King of Judah, but is quickly deposed by Necho, who installs Jehoahaz's brother Jehoiakim in his place.
606 Babylon invaded Judah & took educated captives.
606 - 544 72 Book of Daniel
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
598 - 7 1 Jehoiachin
597 Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah
595 Babylon invades Judah & takes captives.
597 - 86 11 Zedekiah
592 - 70 Book of Ezekiel
592 2nd Babylonian Invasion Took captives.
587 Book of Obadiah
Yehud Medinata
539 - 332 207
538 Some Jews return from exile & build 2nd Temple 70 years after 1st destruction 520 - 16 4
536 - 476 60 Book of Ezra
536 Daniel has angelic visitor
536 Zerubbabel rebuild Temple w/ 42,360 people
520 Book of Haggai
520 Book of Zechariah
515 Jeshua High Priest in Jerusalem
515 Construction completed on Temple in Jerusalem
587 Nebuchadnezzar 2 of Babylonia captures Jerusalem & Judah becomes a province of Babylonia
586 exile of Jews to Babylon
581 Jerusalem Burned by Babylonia
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
Jeroboam 931 - 910 21
- mi Samaria, Israel
- 1010 - 971 39 Book of Psalms by David
931 - 11 20 mi Jeroboam 1
911 - 10 2 Nadab
925 - 3 2 Benhadad vs King Ahab of Israel 
- Benhadad besieged Samaria. famine resulted. Miraculously Syrian army panicked & fled, producing a great plenty.
957 1st Temple built at Temple mount
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
Baasha
910 - 886
24
910 - 887 24 mi Baasha
- 971 - 898 73 1st Book of Kings
887 - 86 2 Elah
Zimri 886 7d
886 7 d Zimri
Omri 886 - 41 45
886 - 75 12 Omri
875 - 53 22 Ahab
853 - 52 2 Ahaziah
852 - 4111 Joram
Jehu 841 - 750 91
841 - 14 28 Jehu
814 - 06 8 Jehoahaz
890 - 582 308 2nd Book of Kings
857 - 02 55 Book of Elija Tishbite
900 BC Lachish
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
806 - 791 16 Jehoash
791 - 50 41 Jeroboam 2
785 Book of Jonah in Nineveh.
784 Book of Amos
750 6m Zachariah
Shallum 749 1M
749 1m Shallum
Menahem 749 - 37 12
749 - 39 10 Menahem
739 Anarchy
739 - 37 2 Pekahiah
Pekah 737 - 32 5
737 - 32 5 Pekah
734 - 2 2 Siege of Gezer Israel.
Hoshea
732 - 22
10
732 - 22 9 Hoshea
724 - 1 3 Assyria invaded Israel & made them vassals.
10 northern tribes of "Children of Israel," carried into Assrya. "Lost Tribes."
7 - 600s Gibeon Well wine industry
- Persians capture Jerusalem
597 - 77 20 Tel Arad Destroyed
554 Daniel cast into Lion's den
516 2nd Temple
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Phoenicia
2500 - 539
1961
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Phoenicia
2500 - 539
1961
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Phoenicia
2500 - 539
1961
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
? - 774 Pygmalion
739 - 30 9 Hiram 2
734 Tyre falls to Tiglath-Pileser 3 of Assyria
730 - ? Mattan 2
724 - 20 4 Siege of Tyre. Assyrians vs Tyre
Phoenicia
2500 - 539
1961
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Phoenicia
2500 - 539
1961
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
539 Phoenicia annexed by Persian Empire.
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Kingdom of Edom 2
964 - 931 33
Edom 1800 - 931 869
964 - 31 33 mi Hadad 1010 - 931 79
Israeli Edom
931 - 22 9
Israeli Edom
922 - 875 47
Israeli Edom
922 - 875 47
Kingdom of Edom 3
875 - 724 151
@ mi Dinhabah
?
Kingdom of Edom 3
875 - 724 151
?
Assyrian Edom
724 - 612 112
Assyrian Edom
724 - 612 112
Babylonian Edom
612 - 539 73
Babylonian Edom
612 - 539 73
Kingdom of Edom 4
539 - 275 264
?
Kingdom of Moab 1
1800 - 710 1090
Early 1800 - 900 900
@ Dibon, Lebanon
 980 - 22 58  Israel, c.
Kingdom of Moab 1
1800 - 710 1090
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Dibonite 900 - 900
900 - 870 39  Israel (Northern Kingdom)
900 - 870 30 Chemosh-Gyt
870 - 40 30 Mesha the Great
Kingdom of Moab 1
1800 - 710 1090
@ Dibon, Lebanon
744 - 27 17 Shalman
727 - 04 23 Chemosh-nadab (Kammusunadbi)
Assyrian Moab
710 - 582 128
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Assyrian Moab
710 - 582 128
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Assyrian Moab
710 - 582 128
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Babylonian Moab
582 - 39 43
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Persian Moab
539 - 332 207
@ Dibon, Lebanon
Kingdom of Ammon
1800 - 580 1220
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
1000 - 967 33 Hanun son of Nahash
967 - 50 17 Shobi son of Nahash
Kingdom of Ammon
1800 - 580 1220
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
883 - 50 33 Rehob
853 - Baasha son of Rehob 
Kingdom of Ammon
1800 - 580 1220
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
734 34 Shanip
730 Zacchur son of Shanip
725 Jeraheazar son of Zacchur
720 Peduel 
Kingdom of Ammon
1800 - 580 1220
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
670 Barachel 
650 Amminadab I 
620 Hissalel son of Amminadab 
600 Amminadab II son of Hissalel 
Kingdom of Ammon
1800 - 580 1220
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
- 580 Baalis
580 Conquered by  Neo-Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Ammon
580 - 332 248
@ Rabath Ammon, Lebanon
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
? - 885 Hadad
885 - 65 20 Ben-Hadad 1 (Benhadad) X60 He was at war with King Ahab of Israel for two years.
980 2 Syria lost to Israel. Hadad (or Benhadad) was ruler of Syria. He was hired by Asa, King of Judah, to make war on Bassha, King of Israel.
Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
880 - 42 38 Hadadezer
853 Battle of Karkar Israel.
842 - 796 46 Hazael
853 BC Camels in Warfare 1stX Battle of QarQar Syria
Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
842 - 796 46 Hazael
796 - 2 4 Ben-Hadad 3
792 - 32 60 Rezin
734 - 2 2 Siege of Damascus Tiglath-Pileser 3 conquers city of Arpad in Syria after two years of siege.
742 Annexed by Assyria
605 Battle of Hamath Syria.
 
900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
1013 - 97231 Ashur-rabi 2
972 - 67 5 Ashur-resh-ishi 2
967 - 35 32 Tiglath-Pileser 2
935 - 12 23 Ashur-Dan 2
934 - 859 75 Reclaims lands lost to Urartian invasion
Neo-Assyria
912 - 609 325
- Assur, Nineveh, Iraq.
912 - 891 21 Adad-nirari 2
Neo Assyria
912 - 609
325
- Assur, Nineveh, Iraq.
912 - 891 21 Adad-nirari 2
900 - 840 60 Assyrians expanded empire to west. By 840 they conquered Syria & Turkey, territory that had formerly belonged to Hittites.
891 - 84 7 Tukulti-Ninurta 2
884 - 59 25 Ashur-nasir-pal 2
880 Ashurnasirpal 2 moves Assyrian capital to Calah (Nimrud), Iraq.
859 - 24 35 Shalmaneser 3
856 Defeats first known king of Urartu, Aramu
824 - 11 13 Shamshi-Adad 5
811 - 8 3 Shammu-ramat, regent
811 - 783 28 Adad-nirari 3
Neo Assyria
912 - 609 325
811 - 783 28 Adad-nirari 3
783 - 73 10 Shalmaneser 4
774 Assyria conquers Damascus & Samaria.
773 - 55 18 Ashur-Dan 3 solar eclipse 763 BC
763 A solar eclipse at this date is used to fix chronology of Ancient Near East
755 - 45 10 Ashur-nirari 5
747 Nabonassar becomes king of Assyria.
745 The Crown of Assyria seized by Pul, who takes name Tiglath-Pileser 3 .
745 - 27 18 Tiglath-Pileser 3
745 Rrebuilds decaying Assyrian empire
743 Defeats Urartu & re-asserts Assyrian control over northern Syria
738 Invades Israel, forcing it to pay tribute
738 Invades Phoenicia
735 Assyrians begin incursions into Urartu
731 Assyria conquers Babylon. Shalmaneser IV is king.
728 Shalmaneaser invaded Israel. Israel, under King Hoshea, became a tributary to Assyria.
727 Loses Babylonia
727 - 2 5 Shalmaneser 5 End of Assyrian King List
724 Invades Israel
722 - 05 17 Sargon 2
722 Sargon II reorganizes Assyrian empire into 70 provinces
722 Conqueres Israel
722 Assyria deports 28,000 Israelites from Israel, who become "Ten Lost Tribes of Israel"
721 Assyria captures Samaria, capital of Israel
720 Humban-Nikash of Elam defeats Sargon II of Assyria at Battle of Der
724 - 20 4 Siege of Tyre
717 Assyria conquers Hittite stronghold of Carchemish.
717 Sargon II founds a new capital for Assyria at Dur-Sharrukin
714 Sargon 2 of Assyria defeats a Urartian army under Rusa I
709 Phrygia becomes a tributary to Assyria
705 Median Revolt Deioces became king of Media & Persia. Ruled 53 yrs
705 Sargon II moves Assyrian capital to Dur Sharrukin
705 - 681 76 Sennacherib
- Assyrians invade & conquer most of Phoenicia
704 Sennacherib moves capital of Assyria to Nineveh.
- Bablyon was destroyed & Jerusalem besieged by Sennacherib, king of Assryia.
701 Sennacherib's campaigns in Near East
701 Assyria attacks Jerusalem
701 King Hezekiah of Judah, backed by Egypt, revolts against king Sennacherib of Assyria. Sennacherib sacks many Palestinian cities, but fails in his attempt to take Jerusalem.
700 Sennacherib moves Assyrian capital to Nineveh
790s Earrings, Crown, Rosettes From of Queen Yabay's Tomb in Kalhu (modern Nimrud, Iraq) are made. They are now at Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Discovered in 1988.
700 BC Mashki Gate Nineveh

Neo Assyria
912 - 609 325
705 - 681 24 Sennacherib
691 King Sennacherib of Assyria defeats king Humban-nimena of Elam in Battle of Halule.
689 Assyrians under King Sennacherib destroy Babylon
681 - 69 12 Esarhaddon
677 Esarhaddon leads Assyrian army against rebellious Arab tribes, advances as far as Brook of Egypt.
671 - 51 20 Assyrian rule in Egypt
669 Assurbanipal succeeds his father Esarhaddon as king of Assyria.
669 - 31 38 Ashurbanipal
654 Eject Kushites from Egypt
653 Makes Elam Vassal
652 Babylonia rises in revolt under Shamash-shum-ukin against Assyrians.
649 Babylonian Revolt under Shamash-shum-ukin is crushed by Assyrians.
646 Ashurbanipal of Assyria sacks Susa bringing Elamite power to an end
640 Great victory of Assyria over Elamite Empire
640 Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of Epic of Gilgamesh
631 - 27 4 Ashur-etil-ilani
627 Death of Assurbanipal, king of Assyria; he is succeeded by Assur-etel-ilani
627 Court Revolt after *'s Death
626Sin-shumu-lishir
626 Nabopolassar became king of Babylon. Uniting with Necho of Egypt & Cyaxares of Media, he took Nineveh & ended Assyrian Empire.
- Cortigiana di Babilonia (Queen of Babylon) 1956
627 - 12 15 Sin-shar-ishkun fall of Nineveh
626 Nabopolassar revolts against Assyria, founds Neo-Babylonian Empire.
625 Medes & Babylonians assert their independence from Assyria & attack Nineveh
623 Sin-shar-ishkun succeeds his brother Assur-etel-ilani as king of Assyria
614 Sack of Asshur by Medes & Babylonians.
612 Nineveh, Assyrian capital, fell to Medes & Babylonians; supported by Egyptians, an Assyrian general continued to rule for a few years from Harran.
612 - 9 3 Ashur-uballit 2 Harrandefeated by Nabopolassar of Babylonia
612 Ashur-uballit 2 attempts to keep Assyrian empire alive by establishing himself as king at Harran
612 Medes ally with Babylonia to conquer Assyria
609 Ashur-Uballit II, last Assyrian king, retreats & is defeated at Harran
601 Medes from Media (western Iran) & Scythians from modern Russia & Ukraine invade northern & eastern parts of Assyria.
614 Medes capture Ashur
641 Arabs conquer Persia & Egypt
600 BC - 575 AD Ma'rib
700 BC Lancers Assyria
681 Esarhaddon restored Babylon.
Persian Babylonia
539 - 330 239
539 Cyrus Great
539 Cyrus Great of Parsa rebels against Medes & founds Persian empire
539 Babylon was captured by Cyrus Great of Persia. His son was crowned one year later formally as King of Babylonia
539 Cyrus Great of Persia frees captive Jews from Babylonia - Cyrus Great of Parsa rebels against Medes & founds Persian empire
539 - 22 15 Cambyses 2 ^ Cyrus Great
- Conquers Egypt, defeating Psammetichus III. This is considered end of Twenty-sixth Dynasty, & start of Twenty-seventh Dynasty
538 Cyrus conquered Babylon, setting Darius on throne as an under-king. It had walls 350 feet high & 87 feet thick which incorporated 25 brass gates on each side.
537 Jews transported to Babylon are allowed to return to Jerusalem, bringing to a close Babylonian captivity
522 Smerdis (Bardiya)(Possibly a usurper) alleged ^ Cyrus Great
525 - 486 35 Darius 1 of Persia Greatbrother-in-law of Smerdis & grandson of Arsames. Becomes * after quelling a rebellion.
Assyrian Babylon
911 - 609 302
Assyrian Babylon
911 - 609 302
800 - 790 10 Ninurta-apla-X
790 - 8010 Marduk-bel-zeri
780 - 69 11 Marduk-apla-usur
769 - 1 8 Eriba-Marduk
761 - 48 13 Nabu-shuma-ishkun
748 - 34 14 Nabu-nasir  Nabonassar
734 - 2 2 Nabu-nadin-zeri
732 Nabu-suma-ukin 2
732 Conquered by Assyria
10 Assyrian 732 - 626 106
732 - 29 3 Nabu-mukin-zeri
729 - 7 2 Tiglath-Pileser 3
727 - 2 5 Shalmaneser 5
722 - 10 12 Marduk-apla-iddina 2
Biblical Merodach-Baladan
722 mi Boundary fixed by treaty with Assyria.
721 - 03 18 mi Chaldaeans enter Babylonia & compete for Babylonian throne
710 Judah, Tyre & Sidon revolt against Assyria.
710 - 5 5 Sharrukin 2  Sargon 2
705 - 3 2 Sin-ahhe-eriba Sennacherib
703 Marduk-zakir-shumi 2
703 Marduk-apla-iddina 2 restored
703 - 0 3 Bel-ibni
700 Bablyon destroyed
700 Seige of Jerusalem 
Sennacherib, king of Assryia.
Assyrian Babylon
911 - 609 302
Babylon
1894 - 539
1355
700 - 694 6 Ashur-nadin-shumison of Sennacherib
694 - 3 1 Nergal-ushezib
693 mi Battle of Diyala River. Iraq.
691 Battle of Halule. Iraq.
693 - 89 4 Mushezib-Marduk
689 Assyrian Sack of Babylon
689 - 1 7 Sin-ahhe-eriba Sennacherib
681 - 69 12 Ashur-ahha-iddina Esarhaddon  
681 Conquerored Egypt
675 Rebuilt Babylon
668 - 48 20 Shamash-shum-ukin ^ Esarhaddon
652 - 48 4 Babylonians rebel against their Assyrian rulers
648 - 27 21 Kandalanu
626 Sin-shumu-lishir Only parts, including city of Babylon.
627 - 20 7 Sinsharishkun
Lost control over Babylonia.
11 626 - 539 87
2nd Babylonian Empire
626 - 539 87
626 - 05 21 mi Nabu-apla-usur  Nabopolassar Chaldaean
616 mi Battle of Arapha Iraq
Largest City on world 2ndX
612 - 320
292
Babylon, capital of Babylonia becomes largest city of world, taking lead from Nineveh, capital of Assyria.
612 Medes, Babylonians & Susianians besiege & conquer Nineveh. King Sin-shar-ishkun of Assyria is killed in sack.
609 Babylonians defeat Assyrian army of Ashur-uballit 2 & capture Harran. Ashur-uballit, last Assyrian king, disappears from history.
606 Babylon invaded Judah &
took educated captives.
605 Battle of Carchemish Crown Prince Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats army of Necho II of Egypt, securing Babylonian conquest of Assyria. Babylonians pursue through Syria & Palestine.
605 mi Nebuchadrezzar 2 succeeds his father Nabopolassar as King of Babylon
Assyrian Babylon
911 - 609 302
Babylon
1894 - 539
1355
2nd Babylonian Empire
626 - 539 87
Largest City on world 2ndX
612 - 320
292
605 - 562 43 Nabu-kudurri-usur 2  Nebuchadrezzar 2
- Chaldee-Babylonian Empire extended from Tigris to Nile Rivers. Daniel 11:38
600 Hanging Gardens of Babylon
588 Babylon under Nebuchadrezzar 2 conquered Jerusalem
588 Solomon's temple burned
588 Lamentations
586 Conquers Phoenicia
562 - 60 2 Amel-Marduk
560 - 56 4 Nergal-shar-usur
Nergal-sharezer / Neriglissar
556 Labashi-Marduk
556 - 39 17 mi Nabu-na'id
Nabonidus
last King of Babylon
550 mi Battle of Fetters.
539 mi Battle of Opus Defeated & X by Cyrus 2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
355
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
522
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000