900s
800s
700s
600s
500s
Phoenicia 1550 - 300
   
Assyrians exp
 
Chald
 
Assyr
 
Persia
 
Assyria reclaims
 
Nebuch
 
 
Neo Assyrian Empire 912 - 612 300
 
Babylonia
1st Kings 971 - 898
 
2nd Book of Kings 890 - 582 308
   
Ezra
 
Ilijah
Isaiah
     
Jeremiah
 
 
Book of Second Chronicles 971 - 588 383
 
Psalms
PES
J
n
Jero
Ba
e
Baasha
z
z
O
A
j
J
Omri
Jehu
j
J
Jeroboam
z
Jehu 841 - 750 91
 
m
p
Men
p
p
H
H
Kingdom of Israel 931 - 722 254
 
Josiah
Daniel
 
Sol - 933
Jeh
J
a
Jeh
Am
Uzziah
J
A
He
Manasseh
a
Jo
j
J
j
Z
Kingdom of Judah 931 - 588 353
Judah Post capture
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
-
1000 BC Perga Founded
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Legendary
1185 - 770
415
900 - 875 25 Plaserion 2
875 - 50 25 Antenor
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
850 - 25 25 Priam 2
825 - 00 25 Helenos 2
Urartu
858 - 560
298
- Arzashkun, Armenia & Tushpa, Turkey 832 -
900 Urartu adopts the Assyrian cuneiform script
Early kings
858 - 34 24
858 - 44 14 Aramu
844 - 34 10 Lutipri
Rise to power
834 - 714 120
834 - 28 6 Sarduri 1 (also Sarduris I)moved the capital to Tushpa, expanded the fortress of Van.
828 - 10 18 Ishpuini the Establisher expanded the empire and conquered Mushashir.
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
-
8 - 700s Gordium Ruins
800s BC Kilamuwa Stela of Sam'al
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
800 - 775 25 Plesron 2
775 - 50 25 Basabiliano 2
750 - 25 25 Alexander
725 - 685 40 Priam 3
Urartu
858 - 560
298
Rise to power
834 - 714 120
810 - 785 25 Menua the Conquerorgreatly expanded the kingdom, organized the centralized administrative structure, fortified a number of cities and founded fortresses, developed national canal and irrigation system.
785 - 53 32 Argishti 1 (also Argishtish 1) fortified the empire's frontier, founded Yerevan.
753 - 35 18 Sarduri 2 maximum expansion; zenith of Urartian power.
735 - 14 21 Rusa 1 Assyrian and Cimmerian attacks.
756 Founding of Cyzicus.
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
797 - 47 50 Ardysus 1
747 - 18 29 Meles
718 - 687 31 Gyges
735-13 BC Rusahinili-Toprah-Kale
730- 10 BC Ivriz Relief of Warpalala
700 BC - 1000s Phaselis City
Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
685 - 51 34 Teushapa
651 - 16 34 Getmalor
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
687 - 52 35 Gyges
631 - 19 12 Sadyates
619 Alyattes

 

Bosporian Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
Migration to Ukraine
850 - 44 806
Urartu Kingdom
858 - 560 298
Defeat and destruction
615 - 595 20 Sarduri 4
595 - 85 10 Rusa 4 raids of Assyrians, Medes and Scythians.
570 - 60 10 The Orontid Dynasty begins with King Orontes I Sakavakyats after the last king of Urartu.
Kingdom of Lydia
1200 - 546 654
560 - 47 13 Croesus
547 Battle of River Halys Croesus killed by Cyrus
547 Annexed by Persia
600 Smyrna, Turkey. sacked and destroyed.
600 BC Dogs in Battle in Lydia Turkey
540 BC Xanthos Conquered by Persia


Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
? - 885 Hadad
885 - 65 20 Ben-Hadad 1 (Benhadad) X60 He was at war with King Ahab of Israel for two years.
980 2 Syria lost to Israel. Hadad (or Benhadad) was the ruler of Syria. He was hired by Asa, King of Judah, to make war on Bassha, King of Israel.
Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
880 - 42 38 Hadadezer
842 - 796 46 Hazael
853 BC Camels in Warfare 1stX Battle of QarQar Syria
Kingdom of Aram Damascus
1110's - 734 370's
842 - 796 46 Hazael
796 - 2 4 Ben-Hadad 3
792 - 32 60 Rezin
734 - 2 2 Siege of Damascus Tiglath-Pileser 3 conquers the city of Arpad in Syria after two years of siege.
742 Annexed by Assyria
   
Kingdom of Phoenicia
1200 - 539
661
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Kingdom of Phoenicia
1200 - 539
661
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Kingdom of Phoenicia
1200 - 539
661
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
? - 774 Pygmalion
739 - 30 9 Hiram 2
734 Tyre falls to Tiglath-Pileser 3 of Assyria
730 - ? Mattan 2
724 - 20 4 Assyrians besiege of Tyre.
Kingdom of Phoenicia
1200 - 539
661
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
Kingdom of Phoenicia
1200 - 539
661
- Tyre 1000 - 333 666
539 Cyrus the Great absorbs Phoenicia into the Persian Empire
- 1010 - 971 39 Book of Psalms by David
- 971 - 898 73 1st Book of Kings
- 998 - 43 55 Manaseh
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
Jeroboam
931 - 910 21
- Samaria, Israel
931 - 11 20 Jeroboam 1
911 - 10 2 Nadab
984 Jehu
980 Syria lost to Israel
971 - 31 40 Solomon 1011 - 931 80 "The Glorious Kingdom." These were Israel's greatest years.
- Solomon and Sheba 1959
- La Regina di Saba (Queen of Sheba) 1952
999 Solomon's Temple
- Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon written by Solomon during his reign.
931 Solomon died. The fight for his throne resulted in the twelve tribes of Israel dividing, creating the Great Schism.
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 343
- Jerusalem, Israel
931 - 15 17 Rehoboam Made of the two southern tribes, Benjamin and Judah.
915 -12 3 Abijah
912 - 871
41 Asa Good & godly
925 Benhadad at war with King Ahab of Israel for two years.
- Benhadad besieged Samaria. A severe famine resulted. Miraculously the Syrian army panicked and fled, producing a great plenty.
957 1st Temple built at Temple mount
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
Baasha
910 - 886
24
910 - 887 24 Baasha
887 - 86 2 Elah
Zimri
886 7d
886 7 d Zimri
Omri
886 - 41
45
886 - 75 12 Omri
875 - 53 22 Ahab
853 - 52 2 Ahaziah
852 - 4111 Joram
Jehu
841 - 750 91
841 - 14 28 Jehu
814 - 06 8 Jehoahaz
890 - 582 308 2nd Book of Kings
Kingdmom of Judah
931 - 588 43
871 - 49 25 Jehoshaphat
849 - 42 8 Jehoram
842 - 41 1 Ahaziah
841 - 35 6 Athaliah
841 - 796 45 Jehoash
857 - 02 55 Book of Elija the Tishbite
900 BC Lachish
Kingdom of Israel
931 - 721
254
Jehu
841 - 750 91
806 - 791 16 Jehoash
791 - 50 41 Jeroboam 2
785 Book of Jonah in Nineveh.
784 Book of Amos
750 6m Zachariah
Shallum
749
1M
749 1m Shallum
Menahem
749 - 37
12
749 - 39 10 Menahem
739 Anarchy
739 - 37 2 Pekahiah
Pekah
737 - 32
5
737 - 32 5 Pekah
Hoshea
732 - 22
10
732 - 22 9 Hoshea
724 - 1 3 Assyria invaded Israel and made them vassals. The 10 northern tribes of the "Children of Israel," was carried away into Assrya, never to return. They disappeared into the lands across the north, vanishing from worldview. Hence they are called "The Lost Tribes."
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
796 - 76 20 Amaziah
776 - 36 52 Uzziah
760 - 698 62 Book of Isaiah
758 Book of Joel
750 - 35 15 Jotham
735 - 15 20 Ahaz
725 - 665 60 Book of Hosea Reproved Israel for their sins and idolatry, warned Judah & revolted against Assyrian domination.
715 - 687 29 Hezekiah good
710 Book of Micah
700 Book of Nahum
7 - 600s Gibeon (ancient city) Well wine industry
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
687 - 42 55 Manasseh Most wicked until taken captive, then became good.
763 Solar eclipse mentioned in Old Testament
650 Ark of Covenant goes to Aksum, Ethiopia
642 - 40 2 Amon bad
640 - 10 30 Josiah good
630 Book of Zephaniah
629 - 588 41 Book of Jeremiah Prophesied for 41 years.
- Jeremiah 1998 TV
622 Text of Deuteronomy found in the Temple in Jerusalem.
610 3M Jehoahaz Pharoah Neco of Egypt then deposed and imprisoned him, installing his son, Jehoiakim as king. Jehoahaz was taken prisoner to Egypt where he died.
610 Book of Habakkuk
610 - 598 12 Jehoiakim
609 King Josiah of Judah dies in the Battle of Megiddo against Pharaoh Necho 2 of Egypt, who is on his way north to aid the rump Assyrian state of Ashur-uballit 2
609 Jehoahaz succeeds his father Josiah as King of Judah, but is quickly deposed by Necho, who installs Jehoahaz's brother Jehoiakim in his place.
606 Babylon invaded Judah & took educated captives.
606 - 544 72 Book of Daniel
- Persians capture Jerusalem
Kingdom of Judah
931 - 588 43
- 598 - 7 1 Jehoiachin
- 597 Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as King
- 595 Babylon again invaded Judah and took captives.
- 597 - 86 11 Zedekiah
- 592 - 70 Book of Ezekiel
- 592 2nd Babylonian Invasion Took captives.
- 587 Book of Obadiah
- 554 Daniel cast into the Lion's den
Yehud Medinata
539 - 332 207
- 538 Return of some Jews from Babylonian exile who build the Second Temple about seventy years after the destruction of the First Temple, from 520 BC516 BC
- 536 - 476 60 Book of Ezra
- 536 According to tradition, the Biblical prophet Daniel receives an angelic visitor
- 536 Zerubbabel was sent up to Judah with 42,360 people to rebuild the Temple. Zerubbabel was governor of Jerusalem.
- 520 Book of Haggai
- 520 Book of Zechariah
- 515 Jeshua became the High Priest in Jerusalem.
- Construction is completed on the Temple in Jerusalem
- 587 Nebuchadnezzar 2 of Babylonia captures Jerusalem & Judah becomes a province of Babylonia
- 586 exile of the Jews to Babylon
- 581 Jerusalem Burned by Babylonia
597 - 77 20 Tel Arad Destroyed
782 Founding of Erebuni by the orders of King Argishtis I at the site of current-day Yerevan, Armenia.
Satrapy of Armenia
570 - 100's 400's
- Armavir, Yervandashat
- Armenian & Urantian?
- Zoroastrianism
Orontid
570 - 323
447
570 - 60 10 Orontes 1 Sakavakyats
560 - 35 25 Tigranes Orontid
530 - 15 15 Vahagn
515 - 500 15 Hidarnes 1
500 - 475 25 Hidarnes 2
475 - 50 25 Hidarnes 3
450 - 401 49 Ardashir
401 - 344 57 Orontes
344 - 36 8 Darius Codomannus
336 - 1 5 Orontes 2
331 - 23 8 Mithranes
Non-dynastic
323 - 1
2
323 Perdiccas
323 - 1 2 Neoptolemus
321 Eumenes
Orontid
321 - 163
158
321 - 17 4 Mihran
317 - 260 57 Orontes 3
260 Sames of Sophene (Unknown previous tenure as Satrap of Sophene)
260 - 28 42 Arsames 1 (Armenia, Sophene, and Commagene)
228 - 12 16 Xerxes (Sophene and Commagene)
212 - 200 12 Abdissares (Sophene and Commagene)
228 - 200 28 Orontes 4 (Armenia) Deposed by Antiochus 3
201 - 163 38 Ptolemaeus (Commagene)
Seleucid Rule
200 - 189
11
Artaxiad Rule
189 - 63 26
163 Subsummed into Commagene
Babylon
6th
1004 - 985
19
1004 - 987 17 Eulma-shakin-shumi
987 - 5 2 Ninurta-kudurri-usur
985 Shiriqti-shuqamunu

7th
985 - 79
6
985 - 79 6 Mar-biti-apla-usur
8th
979 - 43
36
979 - 43 36 Nabu-mukin-apli
9th
943 - 732
211
943 Ninurta-kudurri-usur
943 - 20 23 Mar-biti-ahhe-iddina
920 - 900 20 Shamash-mudammiq
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
1013 - 972 31 Ashur-rabi 2
972 - 67 5 Ashur-resh-ishi 2
967 - 35 32 Tiglath-Pileser 2
935 - 12 23 Ashur-Dan 2
934 - 859 75 Reclaims lands lost to Urartian invasion
Neo-Assyria
912 - 609 325
- Assur, Nineveh, Iraq.
912 - 891 21 Adad-nirari 2
Babylon
9th 943 - 732 211
- Nebo-Baladan became the king of Babylon. A boundary was fixed by treaty with Assyria.
Neo-Assyria
912 - 609
325
- Assur, Nineveh, Iraq.
912 - 891 21 Adad-nirari 2
900 - 840 60 Assyrians expanded empire to the west. By 840 they conquered Syria and Turkey, territory that had formerly belonged to the Hittites.
891 - 84 7 Tukulti-Ninurta 2
884 - 59 25 Ashur-nasir-pal 2
880 Ashurnasirpal 2 moves the Assyrian capital to Calah (Nimrud), Iraq.
859 - 24 35 Shalmaneser 3
856 Defeats the first known king of Urartu, Aramu
824 - 11 13 Shamshi-Adad 5
811 - 8 3 Shammu-ramat, regent
811 - 783 28 Adad-nirari 3
Neo-Assyria
912 - 609 325
811 - 783 28 Adad-nirari 3
783 - 73 10 Shalmaneser 4
774 Assyria conquers Damascus and Samaria.
773 - 55 18 Ashur-Dan 3 solar eclipse 763 BC
763 A solar eclipse at this date is used to fix the chronology of the Ancient Near East
755 - 45 10 Ashur-nirari 5
747 Nabonassar becomes king of Assyria.
745 The Crown of Assyria seized by Pul, who takes the name Tiglath-Pileser 3 .
745 - 27 18 Tiglath-Pileser 3
745 Rrebuilds the decaying Assyrian empire
743 Defeats Urartu and re-asserts Assyrian control over northern Syria
738 Invades Israel, forcing it to pay tribute
738 Invades Phoenicia
735 Assyrians begin incursions into Urartu
731 Assyria conquers Babylon. Shalmaneser IV is king.
728 Shalmaneaser invaded Israel. Israel, under King Hoshea, became a tributary to Assyria.
727 Loses Babylonia
727 - 2 5 Shalmaneser 5 End of Assyrian King List
724 Invades Israel
722 - 05 17 Sargon 2
722 Sargon II reorganizes the Assyrian empire into 70 provinces
722 Conqueres Israel
722 Assyria deports 28,000 Israelites from Israel, who become the "Ten Lost Tribes of Israel"
721 Assyria captures Samaria, the capital of Israel
720 Humban-Nikash of Elam defeats Sargon II of Assyria at the Battle of Der
724 - 20 4 Siege of Tyre
717 Assyria conquers Hittite stronghold of Carchemish.
717 Sargon II founds a new capital for Assyria at Dur-Sharrukin
714 Sargon 2 of Assyria defeats a Urartian army under Rusa I
709 Phrygia becomes a tributary to Assyria
705 Median Revolt Deioces became the king of Media and Persia. Ruled 53 yrs
705 Sargon II moves the Assyrian capital to Dur Sharrukin
705 - 681 76 Sennacherib
- Assyrians invade and conquer most of Phoenicia
704 Sennacherib moves the capital of Assyria to Nineveh.
- Bablyon was destroyed and Jerusalem besieged by Sennacherib, the king of Assryia.
701 Sennacherib's campaigns in the Near East
701 Assyria attacks Jerusalem
701 King Hezekiah of Judah, backed by Egypt, revolts against king Sennacherib of Assyria. Sennacherib sacks many Palestinian cities, but fails in his attempt to take Jerusalem.
700 Sennacherib moves the Assyrian capital to Nineveh
Babylon
9th 943 - 732 211
800 - 790 10 Ninurta-apla-X
790 - 80 10 Marduk-bel-zeri
780 - 69 11 Marduk-apla-usur
769 - 1 8 Eriba-Marduk
761 - 48 13 Nabu-shuma-ishkun
748 - 34 14 Nabu-nasir (Nabonassar)
734 - 2 2 Nabu-nadin-zeri
732 Nabu-suma-ukin 2


- Conquered by Assyria
10th - Assyrian
732 - 29 3 Nabu-mukin-zeri
729 - 7 2 Tiglath-Pileser 3
727 - 2 5 Shalmaneser 5
722 - 10 12 Marduk-apla-iddina 2(the Biblical Merodach-Baladan)
721 - 03 18 Chaldaeans enter Babylonia and compete for the Babylonian throne
710 Judah, Tyre and Sidon revolt against Assyria.
710 - 5 5 Sharrukin 2 (Sargon 2)
705 - 3 2 Sin-ahhe-eriba (Sennacherib)
703 Marduk-zakir-shumi 2
703 Marduk-apla-iddina 2 restored
703 - 0 3 Bel-ibni
700 Bablyon destroyed
700 Seige of Jerusalem by Sennacherib, the king of Assryia.
790s Earrings, Crown, Rosettes From of Queen Yabay's Tomb in Kalhu (modern Nimrud, Iraq) are made. They are now at Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Discovered in 1988.
700 BC Mashki Gate Nineveh

614 Medes capture Ashur
681 Esarhaddon restored Babylon.
Dynasty 10 of Babylon (Assyrian)
700 - 694 6 Ashur-nadin-shumison of Sennacherib
694 - 3 1 Nergal-ushezib
693 - 89 4 Mushezib-Marduk
689 Assyrian Sack of Babylon, then rebuilt by Esarhaddon of Assyria in the 670s
689 - 1 7 Sin-ahhe-eriba (Sennacherib)
681 - 69 12 Ashur-ahha-iddina (Esarhaddon)
681 Esarhaddon restored Babylon.
681 Esarhaddon succeeds Sennacherib as king of Assyria
Esarhaddon, king of Assyria and conqueror of Egypt reigned 681 - 669
675 Esarhaddon begins the rebuilding of Babylon.
668 - 48 20 Shamash-shum-ukinson of Esarhaddon
652 - 48 4 Babylonians rebel against their Assyrian rulers
648 - 27 21 Kandalanu
626 Sin-shumu-lishir Only parts, including the city of Babylon.
627 - 20 7 SinsharishkunLost control over Babylonia.

Neo-Assyria
912 - 609 325
705 - 681 24 Sennacherib
691 King Sennacherib of Assyria defeats king Humban-nimena of Elam in the Battle of Halule.
689 Assyrians under King Sennacherib destroy Babylon
681 - 69 12 Esarhaddon
677 Esarhaddon leads the Assyrian army against rebellious Arab tribes, advances as far as Brook of Egypt.
671 - 51 20 Assyrian rule in Egypt
669 Assurbanipal succeeds his father Esarhaddon as king of Assyria.
669 - 31 38 Ashurbanipal
654 Eject Kushites from Egypt
653 Makes Elam Vassal
652 Babylonia rises in revolt under Shamash-shum-ukin against the Assyrians.
649 Babylonian Revolt under Shamash-shum-ukin is crushed by the Assyrians.
646 Ashurbanipal of Assyria sacks Susa bringing Elamite power to an end
640 Great victory of Assyria over Elamite Empire
640 Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of the Epic of Gilgamesh
631 - 27 4 Ashur-etil-ilani
627 Death of Assurbanipal, king of Assyria; he is succeeded by Assur-etel-ilani
627 Court Revolt after *'s Death
626 Sin-shumu-lishir
626 Nabopolassar became the king of Babylon. Uniting with Necho of Egypt and Cyaxares of Media, he took Nineveh and ended the Assyrian Empire.
- Cortigiana di Babilonia (Queen of Babylon) 1956
627 - 12 15 Sin-shar-ishkun fall of Nineveh
626 Nabopolassar revolts against Assyria, founds the Neo-Babylonian Empire.
625 Medes and Babylonians assert their independence from Assyria and attack Nineveh
623 Sin-shar-ishkun succeeds his brother Assur-etel-ilani as king of Assyria
614 Sack of Asshur by the Medes and Babylonians.
612 Nineveh, the Assyrian capital, fell to the Medes and Babylonians; supported by the Egyptians, an Assyrian general continued to rule for a few years from Harran.
612 - 9 3 Ashur-uballit 2 Harrandefeated by Nabopolassar of Babylonia
612 Ashur-uballit 2 attempts to keep the Assyrian empire alive by establishing himself as king at Harran
612 Medes ally with Babylonia to conquer Assyria
609 Ashur-Uballit II, the last Assyrian king, retreats and is defeated at Harran
601 The Medes from Media (western Iran) and the Scythians from modern Russia and Ukraine invade the northern and eastern parts of Assyria.
641 Arabs conquer Persia and Egypt
2nd Babylonian Empire
626 - 539 87
Dynasty 11
626 - 05 21 Nabu-apla-usur (Nabopolassar)
625 - 5 20 Chaldaean king, Nabopolassar, secures Babylonian throne
612 Babylon, capital of Babylonia becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Nineveh, capital of Assyria.
612 An alliance of Medes, Babylonians and Susianians besiege and conquer Nineveh. King Sin-shar-ishkun of Assyria is killed in the sack.
609 Babylonians defeat the Assyrian army of Ashur-uballit 2 and capture Harran. Ashur-uballit, the last Assyrian king, disappears from history.
606 Babylon invaded Judah and took educated captives.
605 Battle of Carchemish Crown Prince Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats the army of Necho II of Egypt, securing the Babylonian conquest of Assyria. The Babylonians pursue through Syria and Palestine.
605 Nebuchadrezzar 2 succeeds his father Nabopolassar as King of Babylon
600 BC - 575 AD Ma'rib
700 BC Lancers Assyria
2nd Babylonian Empire
626 - 539 87
Dynasty 11
605 - 562 43 Nabu-kudurri-usur 2 (Nebuchadrezzar 2)
- Chaldee-Babylonian Empire extended from Tigris to Nile Rivers. Daniel 11:38
600 Hanging Gardens of Babylon
588 Babylon under Nebuchadrezzar II invaded Jerusalem and brought Jewish independence to an end. From this time on the Jews are under Babylon, Persia, Egypt, Syria and Rome until 70 A.D. when they were scattered around the world. On the tenth of Loos, Solomon's temple burned. Lamentations about this.
586 Conquers Phoenicia
562 - 60 2 Amel-Marduk
560 - 56 4 Nergal-shar-usur (Nergal-sharezer/Neriglissar)
556 Labashi-Marduk
556 - 39 17 Nabu-na'id (Nabonidus) last King of Babylon
539 Defeated and X by Cyrus 2
Persian Babylonia
539 - 330 239
539 Cyrus the Great
539 Cyrus the Great of Parsa rebels against Medes & founds the Persian empire
539 Babylon was captured by Cyrus the Great of Persia. His son was crowned one year later formally as King of Babylonia
539 Cyrus the Great of Persia frees the captive Jews from Babylonia - Cyrus the Great of Parsa rebels against the Medes and founds the Persian empire
539 - 22 15 Cambyses 2 ^ Cyrus the Great
- Conquers Egypt, defeating Psammetichus III. This is considered the end of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty, and the start of the Twenty-seventh Dynasty
538 Cyrus conquered Babylon, setting Darius on the throne as an under-king. It had walls 350 feet high and 87 feet thick which incorporated 25 brass gates on each side.
537 Jews transported to Babylon are allowed to return to Jerusalem, bringing to a close the Babylonian captivity
522 Smerdis (Bardiya)(Possibly a usurper) alleged son of Cyrus the Great
525 - 486 35 Darius 1 of Persia the Greatbrother-in-law of Smerdis and grandson of Arsames. Becomes * after quelling a rebellion.