1400s
1300s
1200s
1100s
1000s
   
Kingdom of Urartu 1350 - 590 760
 
Increasing use of iron in Western Asia 1300 - 1100 200
 
Phoenicia 1550 - 300 1250
 
 Troy 1473 - 1184 289
   
Middle Assyrian Period 1380 - 912 468
   
Kingdom of Lydia 1200 - 546 654
Kingdom of Arzawa 1500 - 1200 300
Kingdom of Urartu 1350 - 590 760
 
Kassite Babylon 3 1374 - 1155 219
Babylon, from Isin 1155 - 1025 130
B 5
Hittite Empire 1460 - 1180 280
 
1st Chronicles Book from Creation to the death of King David 4004 - 970 3034
Aaron 1451
 
80 yrs of peace
 
1 Sam
2 Sam
 
 
Moses 1393 - 1273
 
 
Numbers
 
     
 
 
7th Serv
   
 
Josh
Eld
Othnel
Eh
s
Deborah
Gideon
Tola
Jair
j
i
E
a
Sam
Eli
Sam
Judges 1409 - 1115 254
Numbers
 
David
UK I & J
Hittite 1
2200 - 1600
600
1496 - 86 10 Zidanta 1
1486 - 66 20 Ammuna
1466 - 1 5 Huzziya 1
- Telepinu
Hittite Empire
1460 - 1180 280
- Hattusa, Turkey.
Middle
1450s - 1400 50s
- Alluwamna
- Tahurwaili
1500 - 1450 50 Hantili 2
1450 - 35? 15 Zidanta 2
1435 - 20? 15 Huzziya 2
- 1430 - 1350 80 Kaska invasions of Hatti
1420 - 05? 15 Muwatalli 1

New Kingdom (Empire)
1405 - 1390? 15 Tudhaliya 1
Kingdom of Arzawan
1500 - 1200
300
- W Turkey
Kingdom of Troy
1473 - 1184
  289
The bronze age settlement of the site of the Trojan War. The inhabitants probably spoke Luvian, an Indo-European language related to Hittite.


1473 Troas founds city of Troy

Hittite 1
2200 - 1600
600
-
Hittite Empire
1460 - 1180 280
1450 - 1300 150 Hittite culture reached its highpoint and dominated the territory North and East of Babylon including Turkey and northern Palestine.
1405 - 1390? 15 Tudhaliya 1
1390 - 75? 15 Arnuwanda 1
1375 - 60? 15 Hattusili 2 (existence disputed)
1360 - 44 16 Tudhaliya 2
1350 1st Recorded Smallpox Epidemic took place during an Egyptian-Hittite war. Hittite warriors caught the disease from Egyptian prisoners. The king and heir were fatally infected and the empire fell apart.
- Tudhaliya 3 "the Younger"eldest son of Tudhaliya 2, assassinated upon his father's death, it's not known if he actually ruled or not. He was Suppiluliuma 1's older brother
1344 - 22 22 Suppiluliuma 1 expanded the empire; mentioned in the Amarna letters
1322 - 1 1 Arnuwanda 2
1321 - 1295 26 Mursili 2
Kingdom of Troy
1473 - 1184
  289

 

Hittite
1460 - 1180
280
Hittite 1
2200 - 1600
600
-
1321 - 1295 26 Mursili 2
1295 - 72 23 Muwatalli 2 Battle of Kadesh, ca. 1274
1285 Battle of Kadesh, The Hittites fought off the invading Egyptians. This reflected the power gained from trading metals abundant in Turkey. in the fifth year of his reign Ramesses moved to meet and destroy the forces of the Hittite king, Muwatallis, grandson of Suppililiumas. Here some 70,000-100,000 armed men clashed for two days... and was decisive in that the Hittite advanced no further.
- Signed a treaty with Alaksandu, ruler of the Arzawa land known as Wilusa.
1272 - 67 5 Mursili 3 a.k.a. Urhi-Teshub
1267 - 37 30 Hattusili 3 Peace treaty with Egypt, a copy of which is at the U.N., ca. 1258
1237 - 09 28 Tudhaliya 4his cousin Kurunta fl. ca. 1228/7; Battle of Nihriya
1209 - 7 2 Arnuwanda 3
1207 - 1178 29 Suppiluliuma 2 fall of Hattusa, ca. 1178
Kingdom of Troy
1473 - 1184
  289
1239 Troy captured by Argonauts
1220 - 1184 36 Priam

 

Hittite 1
2200 - 1600
600
-
1207 - 1178 29 Suppiluliuma 2 fall of Hattusa, ca. 1178
1192 Ramessu 3 beat back a more formidable attack. The inscription describing this war was engraved on the second pylon of the temple of Medinet Habu. The Hittites and North Syrians had been so crippled by them that Ramessu took the opportunity to extend the frontier of Egyptian territory northward.
1185  Hittite empire fell to the “Sea People,” an invading group coming from the west whose precise identity is unknown.
Kingdom of Troy
1473 - 1184
  289
1220 - 1184 36 Priam
Trojan War
1194 - 84
10
- Helen of Troy 2003 
- Helen of Troy 1956
- The Trojan Horse 1962
- Trojan Women 1972
- Troy   2004
- The Odyssey 1977
- The Odyssey 1997  TV miniseries  
- Ulysses 1954
Bosporia Kingdom
1185 - 44
1146
- Survivors of Troy who migrated to Turkey & Ukraine
Legendary
1185 - 770
415
- 1185 - 50 35 Helenus 1 ^ Priam 1
- 1150 - 25 25 Genger
- 1125 - 00
25 ?
- 1150 - 1100 50 Aeolian Immigrations begin to Asia Minor.
Phrygian Kingdom
1200 - 696
504
-
Lydia Kingdom
1200 - 546
654
-
Bosporia
1185 - 44
1146
Legendary 1185 - 770 415
1100 - 1000 100 Ionian Immigration to Asia Minor

 

Phoenicia
1550 - 300 1250
-
       
Exodus 1636 - 1491 145
-
Moses 1393 - 1273
- Ten Commandments 1956
- Moses 1996  TV
- Moses the Law Giver 1975 
- Prince of Egypt 1998
1574 - 1451 123 Aaron fathered four children and created the Levitical priesthood.
1491 The marriage of brother and sister was common until prohibited by the Law of Moses
- Moses sees burning bush
- Numbers Book 1491 - 52 39
- Wandering of the Israelites.
1451 Jews Enter Canaan
- 12 Tribes of Israel reached Promised Land
- Deuteronomy Book written in five weeks
1451 - 26 25 Joshua Book
1426 - 1409 17 Time of the Elders years from the death of Joshua to the first Judge. Once these Elders died the nation began to abandon the Theocracy. Leadership was weak and for the most part the people did "every man what is right in his own eyes."
1417 Israelite's 1st servitude to Mesopotamia
Judges
1409 - 1115 254
1409 - 1369 40 Othnel 1st
1369 - 51 18 Israel's 2nd Servitude by Elgon, king of Moab
1356 - 43 13 Ehud 2nd
1343 - 38 5 Shamgar 3rd
1338 - 1298 40 Deborah & Barak 4th
1356 - 1276 80 years of peace

Judges
1409 - 1115
254
1291 - 51 40 Gideon 5th
1253 Abimelech 6th judge. one of Gideon's sons, killed his brothers and appointed himself as Judge. His term lasted 3 years.
1251 - 28 23 Tola 6th
1228 - 06 22 Jair 7th
1228 - 10 18 Philistine and Ammonite oppression of Israel.
1206 - 00 6 Jephthah 8th

Judges
1409 - 1115
254
1200 - 1193 7 Ibzan 9th
1193 - 83 10 Elon 10th
1183 - 43 7th servitude under Philistines lasted 40 yrs
1183 - 75 8 Abdon 11th
1175 - 55 20 Samson 12th
1155 - 15 40 Eli 13th
1115 - 1095 20 Samuel 14th
- Samson and Delilah 1949 1984 TV 1996 TV 
1171 - 1056 115 1st Samuel Book
1155 - 35 20 8th Servitude under Philistines
1140 - 30 10 Ruth Book
- The Story of Ruth 1960

- Numbers Book 1060 - 20 40
1047 - 07 Saul, son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, 1st King of Israel. Theocracy ended and the Jewish Monarchy began.
1055 - 17 38 2nd Samuel Book
1048 David defeated the Jebusites and Jerusalem became the capital of Israel.
UK of Israel & Judah
1030 - 931
99
1030 - 970 60 David
- David and Goliath 1960
- King David 1985
- David 1997
- David and Batsheba 1951
1023 Absolom revolted, was defeated and died.
1011 - 931 Solomon
- Solomon and Sheba 1959
- La Regina di Saba (Queen of Sheba) 1952
- Palestine became the home of both the Canaanites and the Children of Israel.
       
 
Urartu Kingdom
1350 - 590
760
- Arzashkun, Tushpa, Armenia
     
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
468
1380 - 53 27 Eriba-Adad 1
1353 - 18 35 Ashur-uballit 1
1363 Ashur-Uballit revolts against Mitanni rule and founds the Assyrian Empire
1317 - 08 9 Enlil-nirari
1307 - 1296 11 Arik-den-ili
Babylon
- Babylon, Iraq
1400 Kurigalzu 1 of Babylonia conquers Elam
3 - Kassite
1374 - 1155
219
- Agum 2 (Agum-Kakrime)
-
Burnaburiash 1 Treaty with Puzur-Ashur 3 of Assyria
- Kashtiliash 3
- Ulamburiash Conquers the first Sealand dynasty
- Agum 3
- Karaindash Contemporary of Amenophis 3 of Egypt
- Kadashman-harbe 1
- Kurigalzu 1
1374 - 60 14 Kadashman-Enlil 1 Contemporary of Amenophis 3 of the Egyptian Amarna letters
1359 - 33 26 Burnaburiash 2Contemporary of Akhenaten and Ashur-uballit 1
1333 Kara-hardash Grandson of Ashur-uballit 1 of Assyria
1333 Nazi-Bugash (Shuzigash)
1332 - 08 24 Kurigalzu 2 Son of Burnaburiash 2, Fought Battle of Sugagi with Enlil-nirari of Assyria
Kassite 3rd Dynasty of Babylon
1374 - 1155
219
1307 - 1282 25 Nazi-MaruttashContemporary of Adad-nirari 1 of Assyria
1281 - 6417 Kadashman-TurguContemporary of Hattusili 3 of the Hittites
1263 - 558 Kadashman-Enlil 2Contemporary of Hattusili 3 of the Hittites
1254 - 46 8 Kudur-Enlil
1245 - 33 12 Shagarakti-Shuriash Son of Kudur-Enlil
1232 - 25 7 Kashtiliashu 4Contemporary of Tukulti-Ninurta 1 of Assyria
1230 Rimmon became king of Babylon beginning its separation from Assyria.
1224 Enlil-nadin-shumi Assyria installed governor
1223 Kadashman-Harbe 2 Assyria installed governor
1222 - 17 5 Adad-shuma-iddinaAssyria installed governor
1216 - 1187 29 Adad-shuma-usur Contemporary of Ashur-nirari 3 of Assyria
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
468
1295 - 64 31 Adad-nirari 1
1263 - 34 29 Shalmaneser 1
1273 Shalmaneser of Assyria conquers the Mitanni
1271 Assyria and Babylon united under Tiglathninip I, son of Shalmaneser I. He was the first to assume the title, "King of Nations" as king of Sumir and Akkad.
1260 Assyrian scribes first mention Urartu
1240 Assyrians sack Babylon
1233 - 1197 36 Tukulti-Ninurta 1 depossed by son Ashur
1220 Babylon and Assyria became separate nations again.
- Assyria resists incursions by the Mushki and Urartu
1200 Gilgamesh Epic
Babylon
3 - Kassite
1374 - 1155
219
1186 - 72 14 Meli-Shipak 2
1171 - 59 12 Marduk-apla-iddina
1168 Shutruk-Nahhunte of Elam invades Babylon and places his son on the throne
1158 Zababa-shuma-iddin
1157 - 5 2 Enlil-nadin-ahiDefeated by Shutruk-Nahhunte of Elam
1155 Assyria and Elam attack Babylonia ending Kassite rule
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
468
1196 - 4 2 Ashur-nadin-apli
1193 - 88 5 Ashur-nirari 3
1187 - 3 4 Enlil-kudurri-usur Deposed by Ninurta from Karduniash
1182 - 80 2 Ninurta-apal-Ekur
1179 - 33 46 Ashur-Dan 1
1133 Ninurta-tukulti-Ashur Deposed by brother Mutakkil
1133 Mutakkil-nusku
1133 - 15 18 Ashur-resh-ishi 1
1115 - 1076 39 Tiglath-Pileser 1

1155 Assyria and Elam attack Babylonia ending Kassite rule
Dynasty 4 of Babylon from Isin 1155 - 1025
1155 - 46 9 Marduk-kabit-ahheshu
1146 - 32
14 Itti-Marduk-balatu
1132 - 26 6 Ninurta-nadin-shumi
1126 - 03 23 Nabu-kudurri-usurNebuchadnezzar 1
1104 Nebuchadnezzar 1 of Babylon invades and conquers Elam
1103 - 1100 3 Enlil-nadin-apli
Middle Assyria
1380 - 912
468
1115 - 1076 39 Tiglath-Pileser 1
1080 few Assyrian inscriptions were known for about 150 years. The Hebrew kings, David and Solomon, became strong as Assyria became weak.
1076 - 4 2 Asharid-apal-Ekur
1074 - 56 18 Ashur-bel-kala
1056 - 4 2 Eriba-Adad 2 Deposed by Shamshi
1054 - 50 4 Shamshi-Adad 4
1050 - 31 19 Ashur-nasir-pal 1
1031 - 19 12 Shalmaneser 2
1019 - 3 6 Ashur-nirari 4
Dynasty 4 of Babylon from Isin 1155 - 1025
Dynasty 5
1025 - 04
21
- Babylon, Iraq.
1025 - 08
17 Simbar-shipak
1008 Ea-mukin-shumi
1008 - 4 4 Kashu-nadin

1000 Urartu overruns much of Assyria
     
1000s - 900s 100 Zoroaster. Khwarezm, Uzbekistan