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400s
300s
Ancient - 500A 200s Future
100s
000s
     
     
     
Dacia
   
     
Tauric Chersonese (Crimea)
   
 
   
 
A P L S
Archaeanactids 480 - 38 42
S Satyrus 1 Leucon 1 s Pairisades 1 s2 p E Sp3 Pair 2 s4 Leu12 Hyg Spa5 Pair3 Pair4 Pair5
Spartocids 438 - 108 330
Bosporian 480 - 107 173
 
 
Teres 1 s S s Seu1 A H M Co9 Ce Seu3 Co2 r O S O k C3 T3 Rhe Seu4 Am3 T4 Ter5 D Ter 6 C5 S Cot6 R C s C7 R c8 R
Odrysian 480 - 46 AD 526
Golasecca culture Russia 800s - 300s 500s  
Sea of Azov to Georgia
   
400s
300s
200s
100s
000s
Bosporian
480 - 107
173
@ Panticapaeum
Migration to Ukraine 514 - 480 34
Bosporian
480 - 107
173
389 - 349 50 Leucon 1
389 - 49 40 Gorgippus
349 - 4 5 Spartacus 2
349 - 11 38 Pairisades 1
300s Samartians begin to absorb Scythians.
311 - 10 1 Satyrus 2
310 Prytanis
310 - 4 6 Eumelos
Bosporian
480 - 107
173
304 - 284 20 Spartacus 3
284 - 45 39 Pairisades 2
245 - 40 5 Spartacus 4
240 - 20 20 Leucon 2
220 - 00 20 Hygiainon
Bosporian
480 - 107
173
200 - 180 20 Spartacus 5
180 - 50 30 Pairisades 3
150 - 125 25 Pairisades 4
125 - 07 18 Pairisades 5
107 Annexed by Pontus
 
400s
300s
200s
100s
000s
       
Kingdom of Dacia
82 BC - 106 AD
188
@ Sarmizegetusa Regia
10 Burebista
45 Dacian temples Sarmizegetusa Regia made capital of Dacia
19 Histria Road Market Romania
400s
300s
200s
100s
000s
Odrysian
480 - 46 AD
526
@ Bulgaria
Thracian language
Thracian polytheism
480 - 30 50 Teres 1, ^ Odryses

430 SparatocosTeres 2 
430 - 24 6 Sitalces ^ Teres 1
425 - 4 1 Sadocos, ^ Sitalces 
424 - 396 28 Seuthes 1, nephew/^ Sparatocos
? Metokos/Amatokos 1, ^ Sitalkes
410 - 390 20 Amadocus 1, ^ Teres 1 or Metokos
405 - 391 14 Seuthes 2, ^ MaisadesSparatokos, or grand^ Teres 1king in southern districts 
@ Bulgaria
Thracian language
Thracian polytheism
390 - 84 6 Hebryzelmis, ^ Seuthes 1 or brother
390 - 84 6 Maisades, father of Seuthes
384 - 59 25 Cotys 1, ^ Seuthes 2 
359 - 41 18 Cersobleptes, ^ Cotys 1king in eastern Thrace 
359 - 2 7 Berisades, probable < > Cersobleptes or a grand^ Seuthes 1king in western Thrace in Strimos 
359 - 1 8 Amatokos 2, < > Cersobleptesking in central Thrace in Chersonese & Maroneia
358 - 47 11 Cetriporis, ^ Berisadesking in western Thrace in Strimos 
351 Skostodokos, ^ Berisadesking in western Thrace in Strimos 
351 - 42 9 Teres 2, ^ Amatokos 2king in central Thrace in Chersonese & Maroneia
341 - 300 41 Seuthes 3, ^ Cotys 1 

 

 

 

@ Bulgaria
Thracian language
Thracian polytheism
300 - 280 20 Cotys 2, ^ Seuthes 3 
280 Raizdos/Roigos, ^ Cotys 2
280 - 73 7 Odoroesalternative co-ruler
280 - 73 7 Adaeusalternative co-ruler
275 - 65 10 Scostodos, ^ Berisadesalternative co-ruler
265 - 60 5 Orsoaltiosalternative co-ruler
260 Kersivaulosalternative co-ruler 
260 - 50 10 Cotys 3, ^ Raizdos
250 - 40 10 Teres 3
240 - 15 25 Rhescuporis 1, ^ Cotys 3
235 Adaiosalternative co-ruler
215 - 190 25 Seuthes 4Rhescuporis 1 or of Teres 3 
213 - 8 5 Pleuratus,  alternative co-ruler
212 - 5 7 Ciroadas
205 - 184 21 Amatokos 3

@ Bulgaria
Thracian language
Thracian polytheism
200 - 172 28 AbrupolisSapei king
183 - 72 11 Teres 4, ^ Amatokos 3, or of Seuthes 3
172 - 48 24 Teres 5
170 - 60 10 Cotys 4, ^ Seuthes 4 
168 - 40 28 Diagil Diygyles, Diygyles, Diegylos, Dyegilos, Diagylis, Tsizelmi
166 - 46 20 Biz Byzas, Byses, Beithys, Tsizelmi
163 - 49 14 Sothimes
149 - 100 49 Teres 6

Odrysian
480 - 46 AD
526
@ Bulgaria
Thracian language
Thracian polytheism
90 - 80 10 Amatokos 4, rebel
Restored Astaean and Sapaean kingdom
100 - 87 13 Cotys 5, ^ Beithys
87 - 79 8 Sadalas 1, ^ Cotys 5
79 - 45 34 Cotys 6, ^ Sadalas 1
55 - 48 7 Cotys 1, ^ Rhoemetalces
48 - 42 6 Rhescuporis 1, son Cotys 1
42 - 31 11 Cotys ?, ^ Rhescuporis
44 - 42 2 Sadalas 2, ^ Cotys 6
42 Raskosco-ruler 
31 Sadalas 3, ^ Sadalas 2
31 - 18 23 Cotys 7, ^ Sadalas 2 
18 - 11 7 Rhescuporis 2, ^ Cotys 7north-west Sapaei king 
11 Cotys 8
11 BC - 12 AD 23 Rhoemetalces 1, uncle of Rhescuporis and ^ Cotys
400s
300s
200s
100s
000s
400s Mummy of Ukok Princess
300s Pectoral, from tomb of a Scythian at Ordzhonikidze, Russia, is made. It is now at Historical Museum, Kiev.
210s BC - 470s AD 680s Tanais Inhabited
200s East Germanic peoples (Goths, Burgundians) migrate from Scandinavia to Eastern Europe, settling Steppes & Black Sea area.