000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
 
 
 
   
Early Pandyan Kingdom 300 1345
?
?
Satavahana Empire 230 BC - 220 AD
   
Kadamba Kingdom 345 - 525 180
 
Paratarajas 125 - 300 175
 
Vatsagulma branch 330 - 500 170
   
Kalabhras Dynasty 250 600 350
 
Vakataka dynasty
Rudra
Prith
R
Div
Damod
Nar
Prith
Pravarapura - Nandivardhana branch
 
R
 
 
Vishnukundina
 
c
j
ru
d
j
r
i
r
j
r
s
d
d
v
y
v
d
r
v
b
v
r
y
r
r
s
r
r
Bhadramukhas or Kardamaka Kingdom 120 - 395
 
H
 
IndoParthian Kingdom
 
s
g
c
s
r
c
k
s
k
g
c
Gupta Empire India 240 - 550
Kushan Empire 0 - 375 375
   
   
Banavasi Kingdom 345 - 525 180
   
Western Ganga Dynasty 350 - 1000 650
Nepal Country Flag Nepal
   
Varman 350 - 650 300
Kamarupa Kingdom Bang 300s - 1100s 800ish
Bhutan Country Flag Bhutan
b
m
a
k
c
q
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y
s
Vijaya
Lambakanna 1 66 - 436 370
Drav
Moriya
Anuradhapura Kingdom Sri Lanka 377 BCE 1017 CE 1394
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Parthian Empire
247 BC - 228 AD
475
Arsacid
227 BCE - 224 CE
451
Persia 3 Asaak, Hecatompylos, Ecbatana, Ctesiphon, Susa, Mithridatkird Nisa
2 BCE - 4 CE
6 Musa Queen of Queens, Thea, Urania Queen of Phraates 4
2 BCE - 4 CE 6 Phraates 5 Arsaces 25 Son of Phraates 4 & Musa Deposed and went to Rome
4 - 6 2 Orodes 3 Arsaces 26 Probably a descendant of Mithridates 3 Killed by Parthian aristocrats
8 - 12 4 Vonones 1 Arsaces 27 Son of Phraates 4Deposed and went to Rome. Later, killed by Romans.
10 - 40 30 Artabanus 2 or 4 Arsaces 28 Probably a descendant of Mithridates 3
35 - 6 1 Tiridates 3 Arsaces 29 Probably a descendant of Tiridates 2Deposed and went to Rome
37 Cinnamus Arsaces 30 Son of Artabanus 2 or 4 Abdicated
40 - 51 11 Gotarzes 2 Arsaces 31 Son of Artabanus 2 or 4 11 51
40 - 6 6 Vardanes 1 Arsaces 32 Son of Artabanus 2 or 4 Killed by Gotarzes 2
45 - 51 6 Vonones 2 Arsaces 33 Son of Artabanus 2 or 4
49 - 50 1 Mithridates 6 Arsaces 34 Son of Vonones 1 Deposed and mutilated by Gotarzes 2
51 - 77 26 Vologases 1 or 2 Arsaces 35 Son of Vonones 2
55 - 8 3 Vardanes 2 Arsaces 36 Son of Vologases 1 or 2 Deposed
77 - 90 13 Vologases 2 or 3 Arsaces 37 Probably son of Vologases 1 or 2
77 - 115 38 Pacorus 2 Arsaces 38 Probably son of Vologases 1 or 2
80 - 1 1 Artabanus 3 or 5 Arsaces 39 Probably son of Vologases 1 or 2
0s Iran Narin Ghaleh Castle
3 - 500s Iran Arge Bam Castle
9 - 1000s Rudkhan Castle
Parthian Empire
247 BC - 228 AD
475
Arsacid
227 BCE - 224 CE
451
90 - 130 40 Osroes 1 Arsaces 40 Probably son of Vologases 2 or 3
105 - 48 43 Vologases 3 or 4 Arsaces 41
115 - 45 30 Mithridates 4 or 7 Arsaces 42 Brother of Osroes 1 Killed in battle with Romans
116 - 7 1 Parthamaspates Arsaces 43 Son of Osroes 1 Deposed and went to Rome
145 Sanatruces 2 Arsaces 44 of Mithridates 4 or 7 Killed in battle with Romans
148 - 91 43 Vologases 4 or 5 Arsaces 45 Son of Mithridates 4 or 8
161 - 6 5 Parthian war of Lucius Verus
191 - 208 17 Vologases 5 or 6 Arsaces 46 Son of Vologases 4 or 5
193 - 9 6 Parthian war of Septimius Severus
190 - 5 5 Osroes 2 Arsaces 47 son of Vologases 4 or 5
Parthian Empire
247 BC - 228 AD
475
Arsacid
227 BCE - 224 CE
451
208 - 28 20 Vologases 6 or 7 Arsaces 48 181 228 Son of Vologases V or 6 Killed by Ardashir 1
209 Iran Ghaleh_Dokhtar
215 - 7 2 Parthian war of Caracalla
220 Persia revolted and overthrew Parthia.
213 - 26 13 Artabanus 4 or 6 Arsaces 49 Son of Vologases 5 or 6 Killed by Ardashir 1
217 - 22 5 Tiridates 4 Arsaces 50 Son of Vologases 4 or 5 He was also king of Armenia


224 - 661 Rayen_Castle_Kerman
224 Iran Ardeshir
226 - 651 Iran FalakolAflak_Castle
224 Battle of Hoemozdgan
226 Sassanians overthrow Parthians in Persia.
Sassanid Empire
224 651
427
@ Iraq
260 - 70 Bande Kaisar iran 1885 Collapsed
298 Battle of Satala
Sassanid Empire
224 - 651
427
@ Iraq
379 Taqe Bostan crowning of adashir
Sassanid Empire
224 - 651
427
@ Iraq
451 Battle of Avarayr
440 Hephthalites (White Huns, later known in West as Avars) move south from Altai region to occupy Transoxiana, Bactria, Khurasan, and eastern Persia.
       
Hephthalite Empire
420 - 567 147
Afghanistan Kabul 0*
IndoParthia
20 BC - 100 AD
120
10 - 20 10 Gondophares 2 Sarpedones
20 - 50 30 Abdagases 1
20 - 30 10 Gondophares 3 Gadana, previously Orthagnes
50 - 80 30 Gondophares 4 Sases, previously Sases
80 - 100 20 Pacores
100s Sialkot Fort Pakistan
128 - 151 Mankiala
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600
350
@ Kaveripattinam
Tamil
Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism
Monarchy
400s Achchutavikranta
Tiraiyan of Pavattiri
Pulli of Vengadam or Tirupati
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600
350
@ Kaveripattinam
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600
350
@ Kaveripattinam
78 Beginning of Saka Era used by South Asian calendars.
Sarnath becomes a center of Buddhist arts in India.
230 - 2 2 Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in Roman east.
52 Arrival of Apostle Thomas to Malabar, India. Beginning of Christianity in India.
150 - 250 100 Nagarjuna founder of Madhyamaka (Mahayana) Buddhism. India.
41 - 54 13 Rachias Goes to Rome Ambassador Sri Lanka
Pali Canon of Buddhist Teachings monks in Sri Lanka first write down Buddhas , creating the.
90s - 100s ? Buddha & Attendants, from Katra Keshavdev, Mathura, Madhya Pradesh, India, is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Mathura Museum.
190s - 210s ? Standing Buddha, from Gandhara (Pakistan), is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Lahore Museum, Lahore.
Siddhartha in Palace detail of a relief from Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh, India, is made. Later Andhra period. It is now kept at National Museum, New Delhi, (approximate date).
0s Madhya Pradesh Castle in Bandhavgarh
0s Maharashtra Castle Sinhagad
90 - 110 Punjab Qila Mubarak Castle Bathinda
000s Arikamedu

Northern Satraps
Mathura area
130 "Great Satrap" Kharapallana
130 "Satrap" Vanaspara

100s Kama Sutra
150 Uttar Pradesh Castle Kalinjar in 1814
150 - 250 100 Nagarjuna Buddhist Monk
325 Kama Sutra
390s San Sebastiano Gate Appian Road
460 Hephthalites conquer Kushans and invade India.
400s Halasi Temple
4900s Ellora Caves
400s - 1197 Nalanda
Kushan Empire
0 - 375 375
@ Mathura, Peshawar, Begram
Taxila, India. Pali, Prakrit, Bactrian
Sanskrit, Greek. zoroatriani
Afghanistan, Pakistan & North India come under control of Kushans, a nomadic people forced out of northwest China by Han Dynasty.
1 - 30
30 Heraios first Kushan ruler, generally Kushan ruling period is disputed
30 - 80
50 Kujula Kadphises Empire begins with his rein.
50 Kujula Kadphises unites Yüehchih to establish Kushan Empire, stretching from Persia to Transoxiana to Upper Indus.
80 - 95 15 Vima Takto Great Saviour
Kushan Empire
0 - 375
375
Kushan Empire
0 - 375
375
200s Decline of Kushan and Parthian Empires and incorporation of Soghd and Bactria into Persia under Sassanian dynasty.
190 - 230 40 Vasudeva 1 last of great Kushan emperors
230 - 40
10 Kanishka 2
240 - 50
10 Vashishka
250 - 75
25 Kanishka 3
275 - 310
35 Vasudeva 2
Kushan Empire
0 - 375 375
Vasudeva 3 reported son of Vasudeva 3,a King, uncertain.
Vasudeva 4 reported possible child of Vasudeva 3,ruling in Kandahar, uncertain
Vasudeva of Kabul reported Possible child of Vasudeva 4,ruling in Kabul, uncertain.
310 - 25
15 Chhu
325 - 45
20 Shaka 1
345 - 75
30 Kipunada
 
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
3 BCE - 25 CE 28 Sivasvati
25 78 53 Gautamiputra Sātakarni, or Gautamiputra, popularly known as Shalivahan ruled 21 years.
78 - 114 36 Vasisthiputra Sri Pulamavi, or Puloma, Puliman
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
114 - 53 39 ?
153 - 60 7 Vashishtiputra Sātakarni or Shiva Sri, Sivasri
160 - 7 7 Shivaskanda Satakarni
167 - 96 29 Yajna Sri Satakarni
? 6 Vijaya
? 10 Canda Sri Satakarni
183 - 190 7 Pulomavi 4
190 Madhariputra Svami Sakasena?
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
   
Northern Satraps
Mathura area
Hagamasha 1st century
Hagana 1st century
10 Rajuvula, Great Satrap
Sodasa, son of Rajuvula
       
Minor local rulers
Bhadayasa during 1st century
Mamvadi
Arsakes

       
Pandyan Empire @ Madurai
00s - 1300s
1300
Considered by contemporary historians as being richest country in world.
       
Yapirajaya
Hospises
Higaraka
Abhiraka Aubhirakes
? 119 Bhumaka
119 - 24 5 Nahapana
120 - 30 10 Chastana son of Ghsamotika
130 Jayadaman, son of Chastana
130 - 50 20 Rudradaman 1 ^
170 - 5 5 Damajadasri 1
175 Jivadaman X199
175 - 88 13 Rudrasimha 1 X197
188 - 91 3 Isvaradatta
191 - 7 6 Rudrasimha 1 (restored)
197 - 9 2 Jivadaman 2ndX
200 - 22 22 Rudrasena 1
222 - 3 1 Samghadaman
223 - 32 9 Damasena
232 - 9 7 Damajadasri 2
234 - 8 4 Viradaman
239 Yasodaman 1
239 - 50 11 Vijayasena
251 - 5 4 Damajadasri 3
255 - 77 2 Rudrasena 2
277 - 82 5 Visvasimha
282 - 95 13 Bhratadarman
293 - 304 11 Visvasena
304 - 48 44 Rudrasimha 2, son of Lord (Svami) Jivadaman with
317 - 32 15 Yasodaman 2
332 - 48 16 Rudradaman 2
348 - 80 32 Rudrasena 3
380 - 2 2 Simhasena
382 - 8 6 Rudrasena 4
388 - 95 7 Rudrasimha 3
 
 
Paratarajas
125 - 300
175
125 - 50 25 Yolamira, son of Bagareva
150 Bagamira, son of Yolamira
150 - 60 10 Arjuna, a second son of Yolamira
160 - 7515 Hvaramira, a third son of Yolamira
175 - 85 10 Mirahvara, son of Hvaramira
185 - 200 15 Miratakhma, another son of Hvaramira
Parataraja Kingdom
125 - 300
175
200 20 20 Kozana, son of Bagavharna (and perhaps grandson of Bagamira?)
220 - 35 15 Bhimarjuna, son of Yolatakhma (and perhaps grandson of Arjuna?)
235 - 65 30 Koziya, son of Kozana
265 - 80 15 Datarvharna, son of Datayola I (and perhaps grandson of Bhimarjuna?)
280 - 300 20 Datayola 2, son of Datarvharna

   
   
IndoScythian Kingdom
200 - 400
200
   
   
Gupta Empire
240 - 550 310
Pataliputra
240 - 29050 SriGupta 1
290 - 30515 Ghatotkacha
Gupta Empire
240 - 550
310
305 - 35 30 Chandra Gupta 1 founder of Gupta Empire, which is often regarded as golden age of Indian culture
335 - 70 35 Samudra Gupta
370 - 5 5 Rama Gupta
375 - 415 40 Chandra Gupta 2 (Chandragupta Vikramaditya), son of Samudra Gupta, Gupta Empire achieved its zenith under his reign, Chinese pilgrim FaHsien describes Indian culture during his reign
Gupta Empire
240 - 550
310
415 - 55 40 Kumara Gupta 1
455 - 67 12 Skanda Gupta
467 - 77 10 Kumara Gupta 2
477 - 96 9 Buddha Gupta
496 - 500 4 Chandra Gupta 3

   
Vakataka dynasty
250 - 330
180
250 - 7020 Vindhyasakti
270 - 330 60 Pravarasena 1
Early Pandyan Kingdom
300 - 1345
1045
Sangam age Partial list
Koon Pandiyan
Nedunj Cheliyan 1 ( Aariyap Padai Kadantha Nedunj Cheliyan )
Pudappandiyan
Mudukudumi Paruvaludhi
Nedunj Cheliyan 2
Early Pandyan Kingdom
300 - 1345
1045
Nan Maran
Nedunj Cheliyan 3 ( Talaiyaalanganathu Seruvendra Nedunj Cheliyan )
Maran Valudi
Kadalan valuthi
Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan
Kadalul Maintha Ukkirap Peruvaludi
     
Kamarupa Kingdom
300s - 1100s
800
Varman 350 - 650 300
Guwahati, India.
398 - 422 24 Balavarman
422 - 46 24 Kalyanavarman
446 - 70 24 Ganapativarma
470 - 94 24 Mahendravarman (Surendravarman)
494 - 518 24 ?
 
     
Pravarapura Nandivardhana
330 - 480
150

330 - 355 25 Rudrasena 1
355 - 380 25 Prithvisena 1
380 - 385 5 Rudrasena 2
385 - 400 15 Divakarasena
 
     
Vatsagulma
330 - 500
170
Vatsagulma, India.
330 - 55 25 Sarvasena
355 - 400 45 Vindhyasena (Vindhyashakti 2)
Vatsagulma Kingdom
330 - 500
170
Vatsagulma (Wassim), India.
400 - 15 15 Pravarasena 2
415 - 50 35 ?
450 - 75 25 Devasena
475 - 500 25 Harishena
     
Pravarapura Nandivardhana Kingdom
330 - 480
150
385 - 405 20 Prabhavatigupta female Regent
400 - 40 40 Damodarasena (Pravarasena 2)
440 - 60 20 Narendrasena
460 - 80 20 Prithvishena 2
 
     
Kadamba (Kannada) Dynasty Banavasi Kings 345 - 525 180
Banavasi, India
345 - 65 20 Mayurasharma
365 - 90 25 Kangavarma
Kadamba (Kannada) Dynasty Banavasi Kings 345 - 525 180
390 - 415 25 Bagitarha
Banavasi Kingdom
345 - 525
180
Kadamba (Kannada)
415 - 35 20 Raghu
435 - 55 20 Kakusthavarma
455 - 60 5 Santivarma
460 - 80 20 Mrigeshavarma
480 - 5 5 Shivamandhativarma
485 - 519 44 Ravivarma
     
Western Ganga Dynasty
350 - 1000
650
350 - 70 20 Konganivarman Madhava
370 - 9020 Madhava
390 - 410 20 Harivarman
Western Ganga Kingdom
350 - 1000
650
410 - 30 20 Vishnugopa
430 - 69 39 Madhava 3 Tandangala
469 - 529 60 Avinita
       
Vishnukundina Empire
420 - 624
204
Indra Varma last quarter of fourth century
461 - 508 47 Madhav Varma
       
       
Rai Dynasty
489 - 632
143
Aror, India.
Rai Diwaji (Devaditya) He was a powerful chief who forged alliances and extended his rule east of Makran and west of Kashmir and Kannauj, south to port of Surat and north to Kandahar.
Rai Sahiras (Shri Harsha)
Rai Sahasi (Sinhasena)
Rai Sahiras 2
Died battling King of Nimroz
Rai Sahasi 2
succeeded by brahmans

     
Kamarupa Kingdom
350 - 1100s
800
Varman
350 650
300
Assam, Bangladesh
350 - 74 24 Pushyavarman
374 - 98 24 Samudravarman
 
Anuradhapura Kingdom
377 BC - 1017 AD
1394
 
Bhadramukhas (Kardamaka)
120 - 395
275
Chastana
120 - 304
184
@
120 - 25
5 Chastana, son of Ghsamotika
125 - 30 5 Jayadaman, son of Chastana
130 - 50 20 Rudradaman 1 son of Jayadaman
170 - 5 5 Damajadasri 1
175 - 99 24 Jivadaman
175 - 88 13 d 197 Rudrasimha 1
188 - 91 3 Isvaradatta
191 - 7 6 Rudrasimha 1 (restored)
197 - 9 2 Jivadaman (restored)
Bhadramukha Kingdom
(Kardamaka)
120 395
275
Rudrasimha 2
304 95 91
304 - 48 44 Rudrasimha 2, son of Lord (Svami) Jivadaman with
317 - 32 15 Yasodaman 2
332 - 48 16 Rudradaman 2
348 - 80 32 Rudrasena 3
380 -  2 2 Simhasena
382 - 8 6 Rudrasena 4
388 - 95 7 Rudrasimha 3