1 About Me 8
2 Education
3 Philosophy
4 Politics
5 News
6 Travel
7 Sports
8 Funding
Views PHP Hits Count 000s
100s
Ancient - 500A 200s Future
300s
400s PHP Hits Count Visitors
 
 
 
   
Early Pandyan Kingdom 300 1345
?
?
Satavahana Empire 230 BC - 220 AD 450
   
Kadamba Kingdom 345 - 525 180
 
Paratarajas 125 - 300 175
 
Vatsagulma branch 330 - 500 170
   
Kalabhras Dynasty 250 - 600 350
 
Vakataka dynasty
Rudra
Prith
R
Div
Damod
Nar
Prith
Pravarapura - Nandivardhana branch
 
R
 
i
R
j
R
s
D
D
v
y
V
d
r
v
B
V
y
R
R
Western Satraps 35 - 405 370
 
Vishnukundina
 
Indo-Parthian Kingdom
 
s
g
c
s
r
c
k
s
k
g
c
Gupta Empire India 240 - 550 310
   
   
   
Western Ganga Dynasty 350 - 1000 650
Nepal Country Flag Nepal
   
Kamarupa Kingdom Bang 300s - 1100s 800ish
Bhutan Country Flag Bhutan
b
m
a
k
c
q
i
i
c
y
s
Vijaya
Lambakanna 1 66 - 436 370
Drav
Moriya
Anuradhapura Kingdom Sri Lanka 377 BCE - 1017 CE 1394
 
Bhadramukhas or Kardamaka Kingdom 120 - 395 275
 
H
Maldives Country Flag Maldives
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
C Africa
Chad Country FlagCameroon Country FlagCentral African Republic Country FlagSao Tome & Principe Country FlagGabon Country Flag
Congo Country FlagDemocratic Republic of Congo Country FlagRwanda Country FlagBurundi Country FlagAngola Country Flag
S Africa
Zambia Country FlagNamibia Country FlagCountry FlagZimbabwe Country Flag
Mozambique Country FlagMadagascar Country FlagSouth Africa Country FlagLesotho Country FlagSwaziland Country Flag
Persia 3 Asaak, Hecatompylos, Ecbatana, Ctesiphon, Susa, Mithridatkird Nisa
2 BCE - 4 CE 6 Musa Queen of Queens, Thea, Urania Queen of Phraates 4
2 BCE - 4 CE6 Phraates 5 Arsaces 25 ^ Phraates 4 & Musa Deposed & went to Rome
4 - 6 2 Orodes 3 Arsaces 26 Probably a descendant of Mithridates 3 Killed by Parthian aristocrats
8 - 12 4 Vonones 1 Arsaces 27 ^ Phraates 4Deposed & went to Rome. Later, killed by Romans.
10 - 40 30 Artabanus 2 or 4 Arsaces 28 Probably a descendant of Mithridates 3
35 - 6 1 Tiridates 3 Arsaces 29 Probably a descendant of Tiridates 2Deposed & went to Rome
37 Cinnamus Arsaces 30 ^ Artabanus 2 or 4 Abdicated
40 - 51 11 Gotarzes 2 Arsaces 31 ^ Artabanus 2 or 4 11 51
40 - 6 6 Vardanes 1 Arsaces 32 ^ Artabanus 2 or 4 Killed by Gotarzes 2
45 - 51 6 Vonones 2 Arsaces 33 ^ Artabanus 2 or 4
49 - 50 1 Mithridates 6 Arsaces 34 ^ Vonones 1 Deposed & mutilated by Gotarzes 2
51 - 7726 Vologases 1 or 2 Arsaces 35 ^ Vonones 2
55 - 8 3 Vardanes 2 Arsaces 36 ^ Vologases 1 or 2 Deposed
77 - 9013 Vologases 2 or 3 Arsaces 37 Probably ^ Vologases 1 or 2
77 - 115 38 Pacorus 2 Arsaces 38 Probably ^ Vologases 1 or 2
80 - 1 1 Artabanus 3 or 5 Arsaces 39 Probably ^ Vologases 1 or 2
0s Iran Narin Ghaleh Castle
3 - 500s Iran Arge Bam Castle
9 - 1000s Rudkhan Castle
90 - 130 40 Osroes 1 Arsaces 40 Probably ^ Vologases 2 or 3
105 - 48 43 Vologases 3 or 4 Arsaces 41
115 - 45 30 Mithridates 4 or 7 Arsaces 42 Brother of Osroes 1 Killed in battle with Romans
116 - 7 1 Parthamaspates Arsaces 43 ^ Osroes 1 Deposed & went to Rome
145 Sanatruces 2 Arsaces 44 of Mithridates 4 or 7 Killed in battle with Romans
148 - 91 43 Vologases 4 or 5 Arsaces 45 ^ Mithridates 4 or 8
161 - 6 5 Parthian war of Lucius Verus
191 - 208 17 Vologases 5 or 6 Arsaces 46 ^ Vologases 4 or 5
193 - 9 6 Parthian war of Septimius Severus
190 - 5 5 Osroes 2 Arsaces 47 ^ Vologases 4 or 5
208 - 28 20 Vologases 6 or 7 Arsaces 48 181 228 ^ Vologases V or 6 Killed by Ardashir 1
209 Iran Ghaleh_Dokhtar
215 - 7 2 Parthian war of Caracalla
220 Persia revolted & overthrew Parthia.
213 - 26 13 Artabanus 4 or 6 Arsaces 49 ^ Vologases 5 or 6 Killed by Ardashir 1
217 - 22 5 Tiridates 4 Arsaces 50 ^ Vologases 4 or 5 He was also king of Armenia
224 - 661 Rayen Castle Kerman
224 Iran Ardeshir
226 - 651 Iran FalakolAflak_Castle
224 Battle of Hoemozdgan
226 Sassanians overthrow Parthians in Persia.
Sassanid Empire
224 - 651
427
@ Iraq
260 - 70 Bande Kaisar iran 1885 Collapsed
298 Battle of Satala
Sassanid Empire
224 - 651
427
@ Iraq
379 Taqe Bostan crowning of adashir
Sassanid Empire
224 - 651 427
@ Iraq
451 Battle of Avarayr
440 Hephthalites (White Huns, later known in West as Avars) move south from Altai region to occupy Transoxiana, Bactria, Khurasan, & eastern Persia.
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
 Indo-Greek
180 BC - 10 AD 190
25 BC - 10 AD 35 Strato 2 & Strato 3
 
Kushano-Sasanian
230 - 365 135
230 - 45 15 Ardashir 1 Kushanshah
245 - 75 30 Peroz 1
275 - 300 25 Hormizd 1  
Kushano-Sasanian
230 - 365 135
300 - 3 3 Hormizd 2  
303 - 30 27 Peroz 2  
330 - 65 35 Varahran 1  

 

 

 

Hephthalite Empire
420 - 567
147
Afghanistan Kabul, Kunduz (WalwalijDrapsaka, or Badian), Balkh (Pakhlo)
0*

Middle Bactrian, Gandhari (Gandhara), Sogdian (Sogdiana), Chorasmian, Sanskrit, Turkic

Hinduism, Buddhism, Manichaeism, Zoroastrianism

North Satraps
150 BC - 400 AD 550
"Northern Satraps" (Mathura area) 0
10 Rajuvula Great
0 Sodasa ^Rajuvula
North Satraps
150 BC - 400 AD 550
130  Kharapallana The Great
130 Vanaspara
     
Minor local rulers
Bhadayasa during 1st century
Mamvadi
Arsakes
       
West Satraps
35 - 405 370
Kshaharata dynasty
0 Yapirajaya
0 Hospises
0 Higaraka
0 Abhiraka (Aubhirakes)
? - 119 Bhumaka 
West Satraps
35 - 405 370
119 - 24 5 Nahapana
Family of Chastana:
120 Chastana ^Ghsamotika 
0 Jayadaman ^Chastana
130 - 150 20 Rudradaman 1 ^ Jayadaman 
170 - 5 5 Damajadasri 1
175 Jivadaman X199
175 - 88 13 Rudrasimha 1 X197
88 - 91 3 Isvaradatta 1
191 - 7 6 Rudrasimha 1 restored
197 - 9 2 Jivadaman restored
West Satraps
35 - 405 370
200 - 22 22 Rudrasena 1 
222 - 3 1 Samghadaman
223 - 32 9 Damasena
232 - 9 7 Damajadasri 2
234 - 8 4 Viradaman
239 Yasodaman 1 
239 - 50 11 Vijayasena
251 - 5 4 Damajadasri 3
255 - 77 22 Rudrasena 2
277 - 82 5 Visvasimha
282 - 95 13 Bhratadarman
293 - 304 11 Visvasena
West Satraps
35 - 405 370
Family of Rudrasimha 2
304 - 48 44 Rudrasimha 2 ^Lord (Svami) Jivadaman 
317 - 32 15 Yasodaman 2 
332 - 48 16 Rudradaman 2 
348 - 32 80 Rudrasena 3
380 - 2 2 Simhasena
382 - 8 6 Rudrasena 4
388 - 95 7 Rudrasimha 3
 
Indo-Scythians
150 BC - 400 AD 550
10 BC  - 10 AD 20 Zeionises
10 BC - 10 AD 20 Kharahostes
0Hajatria
Kshaharatas (Punjab, Pakistan & beyond) 0
0 Liaka Kusuluka, satrap of Chuksa
0 Kusulaka Patika, satrap of Chuksa and ^Liaka Kusulaka
0 Bhumaka
0 Nahapana (founder of the Western Satraps)
Aprācas 0
(BajaurKhyber-PakhtunkhwaPakistan)
12 BC - AD 15 27 Vijayamitra wife Rukhana
20 Indravasu wife Vasumitra
0 Vispavarman, wife Śiśirena
0 Indravarman, wife Uttara
15 - 45 30 Aspa or Aspavarma
0 Sasan
Pāratas 0
@ BalochistanPakistan
0 Drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna.
Indo-Scythians
150 BC - 400 AD 550
125 - 150 25 Yolamira ^Bagareva
150 Bagamira ^Yolamira
15 - 60 35 Arjuna ^Yolamira
160 - 175 15 Hvaramira ^Yolamira
175 - 85 10 Mirahvara ^Hvaramira
185 - 200 15 Miratakhma ^Hvaramira
Indo-Scythians
150 BC - 400 AD 550
200 - 20 20 Kozana ^Bagavharna (and perhaps grand^Bagamira?
220 - 35 15 Bhimarjuna ^Yolatakhma (and perhaps grand^Arjuna?
235 - 65 30 Koziya ^Kozana
265 - 80 15 Datarvharna ^Datayola 1 ^^Bhimarjuna
280 - 300 20 Datayola 2 ^Datarvharna
   
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
Indo-Parthia
20 BC - 100 AD
120
10 - 20 10 Gondophares 2 Sarpedones
20 - 50 30 Abdagases 1
20 - 30 10 Gondophares 3 Gadana, previously Orthagnes
50 - 80 30 Gondophares 4 Sases, previously Sases
80 - 100 20 Pacores
100s Sialkot Fort Pakistan
128 - 151 Mankiala
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600
350
@ Kaveripattinam
Tamil
Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism
Monarchy
400s Achchutavikranta
Tiraiyan of Pavattiri
Pulli of Vengadam or Tirupati
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600 350
@ Kaveripattinam
Kalabhras Dynasty
250 - 600 350
@ Kaveripattinam
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
78 Beginning of Saka Era used by South Asian calendars.
Sarnath becomes a center of Buddhist arts in India.
230 - 2 2 Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in Roman east.
52 Arrival of Apostle Thomas to Malabar, India. Beginning of Christianity in India.
150 - 250 100 Nagarjuna founder of Madhyamaka (Mahayana) Buddhism. India.
41 - 54 13 Rachias Goes to Rome Ambassador Sri Lanka
Pali Canon of Buddhist Teachings monks in Sri Lanka first write down Buddhas , creating the.
90s - 100s ? Buddha & Attendants, from Katra Keshavdev, Mathura, Madhya Pradesh, India, is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Mathura Museum.
190s - 210s ? Standing Buddha, from Gandhara (Pakistan), is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Lahore Museum, Lahore.
Siddhartha in Palace detail of a relief from Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh, India, is made. Later Andhra period. It is now kept at National Museum, New Delhi, (approximate date).
0s Madhya Pradesh Castle in Bandhavgarh
0s Maharashtra Castle Sinhagad
90 - 110 Punjab Qila Mubarak Castle Bathinda
000s Arikamedu

Northern Satraps
Mathura area
130 "Great Satrap" Kharapallana
130 "Satrap" Vanaspara
100s Kama Sutra
150 Uttar Pradesh Castle Kalinjar in 1814
150 - 250 100 Nagarjuna Buddhist Monk
325 Kama Sutra
390s San Sebastiano Gate Appian Road
460 Hephthalites conquer Kushans & invade India.
400s Halasi Temple
4900s Ellora Caves
400s - 1197 Nalanda
Kushan
1 - 375 375
@ Mathura, Peshawar, Begram
Taxila, India. Pali, Prakrit, Bactrian

Sanskrit, Greek. zoroatriani
Afghanistan, Pakistan & North India come under control of Kushans, a nomadic people forced out of northwest China by Han Dynasty.
1 - 30 30 Heraios first Kushan ruler, generally Kushan ruling period is disputed
Kushan Empire 30 - 375 345
30 - 80 50 Kujula Kadphises Empire begins with his rein.
50 Kujula Kadphises unites Yüehchih to establish Kushan Empire, stretching from Persia to Transoxiana to Upper Indus.
80 - 95 15 Vima Takto Great Saviour
Kushan
1 - 375 375
200s Decline of Kushan & Parthian Empires & incorporation of Soghd & Bactria into Persia under Sassanian dynasty.
190 - 230 40 Vasudeva 1 last of great Kushan emperors
230 - 40 10 Kanishka 2
240 - 50 10 Vashishka
250 - 75 25 Kanishka 3
275 - 310 35 Vasudeva 2
Kushan
1 - 375 375
Vasudeva 3 reported ^ Vasudeva 3,a King, uncertain.
Vasudeva 4 reported possible child of Vasudeva 3,ruling in Kandahar, uncertain
Vasudeva of Kabul reported Possible child of Vasudeva 4,ruling in Kabul, uncertain.
310 - 25 15 Chhu
325 - 45 20 Shaka 1
345 - 75 30 Kipunada
 
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
3 BCE - 25 CE 28 Sivasvati
25 78 53 Gautamiputra Sātakarni, or Gautamiputra, popularly known as Shalivahan ruled 21 years.
78 - 114 36 Vasisthiputra Sri Pulamavi, or Puloma, Puliman
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
114 - 53 39 ?
153 - 60 7 Vashishtiputra Sātakarni or Shiva Sri, Sivasri
160 - 7 7 Shivaskanda Satakarni
167 - 96 29 Yajna Sri Satakarni
? 6 Vijaya
? 10 Canda Sri Satakarni
183 - 190 7 Pulomavi 4
190 Madhariputra Svami Sakasena?
Satavahana Dynasty
230 BC - 220 AD 450
   
Pandyan Empire
00s - 1300s
1300
Madurai
Considered by contemporary historians as being richest country in world.
       
Kshaharata
35 - 405 370
35 - 52 17 Yapirajaya
52 - 69 17 Hospises
69 - 86 17 Higaraka
86 - 103 17 Abhiraka Aubhirakes
103 - 119 16 Bhumaka
119 - 24 5 Nahapana
120 - 30 10 Chastana ^ Ghsamotika
130 Jayadaman , ^ Chastana
130 - 50 20 Rudradaman 1 ^
170 - 5 5 Damajadasri 1
175 Jivadaman X199
175 - 88 13 Rudrasimha 1 X197
188 - 91 3 Isvaradatta
191 - 7 6 Rudrasimha 1 (restored)
197 - 9 2 Jivadaman 2ndX
200 - 22 22 Rudrasena 1
222 - 3 1 Samghadaman
223 - 32 9 Damasena
232 - 9 7 Damajadasri 2
234 - 8 4 Viradaman
239 Yasodaman 1
239 - 50 11 Vijayasena
251 - 5 4 Damajadasri 3
255 - 77 2 Rudrasena 2
277 - 82 5 Visvasimha
282 - 95 13 Bhratadarman
293 - 304 11 Visvasena
304 - 48 44 Rudrasimha 2, ^ Lord (Svami) Jivadaman with
317 - 32 15 Yasodaman 2
332 - 48 16 Rudradaman 2
348 - 80 32 Rudrasena 3
380 - 2 2 Simhasena
382 - 8 6 Rudrasena 4
388 - 95 7 Rudrasimha 3
 
 
Paratarajas Kingdom
125 - 300
175
125 - 50 25 Yolamira, ^ Bagareva
150 Bagamira, ^ Yolamira
150 - 60 10 Arjuna, a second ^ Yolamira
160 - 7515 Hvaramira, a third ^ Yolamira
175 - 85 10 Mirahvara, ^ Hvaramira
185 - 200 15 Miratakhma, another ^ Hvaramira
Parataraja Kingdom
125 - 300 175
200 20 20 Kozana, ^ Bagavharna (and perhaps grandson of Bagamira?)
220 - 35 15 Bhimarjuna, ^ Yolatakhma (and perhaps grandson of Arjuna?)
235 - 65 30 Koziya, ^ Kozana
265 - 80 15 Datarvharna, ^ Datayola I (and perhaps grandson of Bhimarjuna?)
280 - 300 20 Datayola 2, ^ Datarvharna
   
   
   
   
Gupta Empire
240 - 550 310
Pataliputra, Magadha
240 - 290 50 SriGupta 1
290 - 305 15 Ghatotkacha
Gupta Empire
240 - 550 310
305 - 35 30 Chandra Gupta 1 founder of Gupta Empire, which is often regarded as golden age of Indian culture

335 - 70 35 Samudra Gupta
370 - 5 5 Rama Gupta
375 - 415 40 Chandra Gupta 2 (Chandragupta Vikramaditya), ^ Samudra Gupta, Gupta Empire achieved its zenith under his reign, Chinese pilgrim FaHsien describes Indian culture during his reign
Gupta Empire
240 - 550 310
415 - 55 40 Kumara Gupta 1
455 - 67 12 Skanda Gupta
467 - 77 10 Kumara Gupta 2
477 - 96 9 Buddha Gupta
496 - 500 4 Chandra Gupta 3
   
Vakataka dynasty
250 - 330
180
250 - 7020 Vindhyasakti
270 - 330 60 Pravarasena 1
Early Pandyan Kingdom
300 - 1345
1045
Sangam age Partial list
Koon Pandiyan


Nedunj Cheliyan 1 ( Aariyap Padai Kadantha Nedunj Cheliyan )
Pudappandiyan
Mudukudumi Paruvaludhi
Nedunj Cheliyan 2
Early Pandyan Kingdom
300 - 1345 1045
Nan Maran

Nedunj Cheliyan 3 ( Talaiyaalanganathu Seruvendra Nedunj Cheliyan )
Maran Valudi
Kadalan valuthi
Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan
Kadalul Maintha Ukkirap Peruvaludi
     
Kamarupa Kingdom
300s - 1100s
800
Guwahati, India.
398 - 422 24 Balavarman
422 - 46 24 Kalyanavarman
446 - 70 24 Ganapativarma
470 - 94 24 Mahendravarman (Surendravarman)
494 - 518 24 ?
 
     
Pravarapura Nandivardhana
330 - 480
150

330 - 355 25 Rudrasena 1

355 - 380 25 Prithvisena 1
380 - 385 5 Rudrasena 2
385 - 400 15 Divakarasena
 
     
Vatsagulma KI
330 - 500
170
Vatsagulma, India.
330 - 55 25 Sarvasena
355 - 400 45 Vindhyasena (Vindhyashakti 2)
Vatsagulma Kingdom
330 - 500 170
Vatsagulma (Wassim), India.
400 - 15 15 Pravarasena 2
415 - 50 35 ?
450 - 75 25 Devasena
475 - 500 25 Harishena
     
Pravarapura Nandivardhana Kingdom
330 - 480
150
385 - 405 20 Prabhavatigupta female Regent
400 - 40 40 Damodarasena (Pravarasena 2)
440 - 60 20 Narendrasena
460 - 80 20 Prithvishena 2
 
     
Banavasi, India
345 - 65 20 Mayurasharma
365 - 90 25 Kangavarma
390 - 415 25 Bagitarha
415 - 35 20 Raghu
435 - 55 20 Kakusthavarma
455 - 60 5 Santivarma
460 - 80 20 Mrigeshavarma
480 - 5 5 Shivamandhativarma
485 - 519 44 Ravivarma

     
Western Ganga Kingdom
350 - 1000 650
410 - 30 20 Vishnugopa
430 - 69 39 Madhava 3 Tandangala
469 - 529 60 Avinita
       
Vishnukundina Empire
420 - 624
204
Indra Varma last quarter of fourth century
461 - 508 47 Madhav Varma
       
Huna Kingdom
475 - 576 101
       
Rai Dynasty
489 - 632
143
@ Aror, India.
Rai Diwaji (Devaditya) He was a powerful chief who forged alliances & extended his rule east of Makran & west of Kashmir & Kannauj, south to port of Surat & north to Kandahar.
Rai Sahiras (Shri Harsha)
Rai Sahasi (Sinhasena)
Rai Sahiras 2
Died battling King of Nimroz
Rai Sahasi 2
succeeded by brahmans
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
     
Assam, Bangladesh
350 - 74 24 Pushyavarman
374 - 98 24 Samudravarman
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
 
 
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s