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Mughulistan 1227 - 1363 136
   
 
 
 
   
 
 
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1050s Qarakhanid Empire splits in two: one rules over Western Turkestan (Transoxiana), other over Eastern Turkestan (the Tarim Basin).
1093 - 1166 Khoja Akhmet Yassawi Turkestan (city)
1130 Kitan are driven southwest, defeat Seljuk & establish Karakitai state
1270 Uighur Kingdom is defeated by rebels.
1284 Uighur Kingdom is absorbed into Chagatai Khanate.
Moghulistan
1306 - 63 57
Ili river, Kazakstan
1306 - 8 2 Konchek
1308 - 9 1 Taliqu
1309 - 20 11 Esen Buqa
1320 - 26 6 Kebek
1326 - 34 8 Tarmashirin Ala ad Din
1334 - 8 4 Changshi
1338 - 42 4 Yesun Temur
1342 - 3 1 Muhammad
1343 - 6 3 Qazan
1346 - 58 12 Danishmendji
1359 - 63 4 Tughluq Temur
1363 Timurids
1327 Chagatay khan Tarmashirin converts to Islam
1395 Khazak horde seizes Khazakstan from Chagatai & Golden hordes
1490s Kazakh Empire is established on Central Asian steppes.
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1040 Battle of Dandanaqan
KhwārazmShāh Empire
1096 - 1230 134
Gurganj An empire built from Khwarezm, covering part of Iran & neighbouring Central Asia.
1096 - 1128 32 GhotbalDin Muhammad 1 of Khwarazm ebne Anushtekeen Gharajeh, Shah
1128 - 56 28 AlaalDin Abol Mozaffar Aziz ebne GhotbalDin ebne Mohammad
1156 - 71 15 TajalDin Abolfath I lIlArslan
1171 - 2 1 JalalalDin Mahmud Soltanshah ebne Il Arsalan
1172 - 99 25 Muhammad 2 of Khwarezm (AlaalDin Takesh ebne Il Arsalan)
KhwārazmShāh Empire
1096 - 1230 134
Urgench 1218 3.6M KM
1199 - 1220 21 Soltan JalalalDin Mohammad ebne Aladdin Takesh
1220 Mongols conquer Merv (Turkmenistan)
1220 - 30 10 JalalalDin Mingburnu ebne AlaalDin Mohammad
Permanently destroyed by Mongol empire.
execution of Mongol envoys by Khwarezmian Shah Muhammad sets in motion first Mongol westward thrust.
 
1460 Turcomans invade Persia & Mesopotamia
Decline of overland Trade Routes including Silk Road, due to a new emphasis on trade by sea.
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Khwarezmid Dynasty
1077 - 1221 144
Urgench, Uzbekistan
1048 - 1100 52 Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is written by Omar Khayyam of Bukhara, Uzbekhistan sometime after 1048.
1140 - 41 Battle of Qatwan Steppe Qarakhitais defeat Seljuq Sultan Sanjar at , thus gaining power in Transoxiana.
1048 - 1131 83 Omar Khayyám, Uzbekistan. Persian poet, mathematician, philosopher & astronomer
1048 - 1131 83 Omar Khayyám, Bukhara, Uzbekhistan. Persian poet & astronomer
Shaybanid Horde
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@
1241 - ? Shiban ^^ Ghengis Khan
1241 Battle of Mohi
1282 Converted to Islam
1282 - 1342 Khan Uzbek
1219 Khwarizm Khan empire (Uzbekistan) Conquered by Genghis
1220 Mongols capture Bukhara & Samarkand, defeating Khwarezmians.
1219 Mongol Invasion of Transoxiana cross Jaxartes River (Syr Darya) & begin their .
1282 new Shaybanid khan Uzbek converts Shaybanid horde to Islam & his horde becomes known as Uzbeks
1342 Shaybanid khan Uzbek dies
1306 - 8 2 Könchek
1308 - 9 1 Taliqu
1309 - 25 16 Kebek
1309 - 18 9 Esen Buqa 1
1318 - 25 7 Kebek 2ndX
1325 Eljigidey
1325 Duwa Temur
1325 - 33 8 Aladdin Tarmashirin
1326 Khan Converts to Islam
1333 - 4 1 Buzan
1334 - 8 4 Changshi
1338 - 42 4 Yesun Temur
1338 - 42 4 'AliSultan
1342 - 3 1 Muhammad 1 ibn Pulad
1343 - 6 3 Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur
1346 - 8 2 Danishmendji
Chagatai Khanate is split into two parts, western & eastern (Moghulistan). For eastern khans, see Khans of Moghulistan, below. Danishmendji 1346 - 8 2
1348 - 58 10 Bayan Quli
1358 Shah Temur
1348 - 63 15 Tughluq Temur (@ Mogulistan 1358 - 63 5)
Ilyas Khodja (@ Mogulistan 1363 - 8 5)
1363 AdilSultan
1364 - 70 6 Khabul Shah
From 1370 on, Chagatai Khans were puppets of Timur.
Suurgatmish 1370 - 1388
Sultan Mahmud (Mohammed II) 1388 - 1402 Khans of Mughalistan
1358 - 63 5 Tughluq Timur (In Western Chagatai Khanate )
1348 - 63 15 Ilyas Khoja (in Western Chagatai Khanate 1363)
1363 - 8 5 Qamar UdDin (in Kashgar; a usurper) 13681392
1389 - 99 10 Khidr Khoja
1399 - 1408 9 ShamsIJahan
1408 - 15 7 Muhammad Khan
1415 - 8 3 NaqshIJahan
1418 - 21 3 Awais Khan, Uwais Khan ibn Sher 'Ali (also spelled Vais Khan d. 1429
1421 - 5 4 Shir Muhammad ibn Shah Jahan
1425 - 9 4 Awais Khan 2ndx, Uwais Khan ibn Sher 'Ali
1429 - 34 5 Satuq Khan with
1429 - 62 33 Esen Buqa II ibn Uwais Khan
1462 - 87 25 Yunus Khan (@ Uyghurstan 1472 - 87 15)
Moghulistan split in two, western & eastern (Uyghurstan). For khans of Turfan, see Khans of Uyghurstan, below.
1487 - 1508 21 Mahmud Khan ibn Yunus Khan
1508 Uzbek Khan Seybani conquered Tashkent. Mahmud Khan & his sons executed.
Mansur Khan ibn Ahmad (Ahmad Khan's Son) (in Turfan 1503 - 1543)
1508 - 14 6 d. 1543 Sultan Said Khan
1514 - 33 19 Mansur Khan's Brother
1514 He conquered Kashgar & Tarim Basin from Dughlats. & established Yarkand Khanate.
Said Khan successors :
1533 - 60 27 Abdurashid Khan (in Aqsu 1521 33 12)
1533 - 88 55 Kuraysh (Khotan; Turfan 1570 - 1588) 1571 - 1588
1560 - 91 31 Abdul Karim (Moghul Khan)
1591 - 1610 19 Muhammed 2 (in Turfan 15881591)
1610 - 27 17 Abd alLatif Anak Khan
1627 - 32 5 Shodja adDin Ahmad Khan (Pulad Khan)
1632 - 4 2 Mahmud Sultan (Qilich Khan)
1634 - 8 4 Shudja adDin Ahmad Khan (Pulad Khan)(restored)
1638 - 69 31 Abdallah (in Turfan 1634/51638/9) d. 1675 -
1669 Nur adDin
1666 - 70 4 Ismail @ Aqsu
1669 - 70 1 Ilbars
1670 - 8 8 Ismail Khan 2ndx
1678 - 81 3 Abd arRashid Khan 2 (in Turfan 1680 - 1682)
1681 - 94 13 Appak Khoja
1694 - 5 1 Yahya Khoja ibn Appaq Khoja
1687 remnants of state fell to Aqtaghlyq, a confederation under influence of Dzungars.
Shaybanid Horde
1241 - 1500
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1310s Chagatai Khanate splits in two parts: Transoxiana (West) & Moghulistan (East).
1398 Dehli Conquered by Timur Lame (Tamerlame), king of Samarkand. Timur's Turkish army devastates sultanate of Dehli, exterminates local Hindu population, & then leaves.
1294 - 1307 Temur Oljeytu Khan
1307 - 11 HaiShan
1311 - 20 Ayurbarwada
1320 - 3 Shidebala
1323 - 8 YesunTemur
1328 - 9 Jijaghatu ToqTemur
1329 - 32 Jijaghatu ToqTemur
1332 - 3 Irinchibal
1333 - 70 ToghanTemur
1370 - 88 TogusTemur
1337 Birth of Timuri Lang brutal ruler of Samarkand who cuts a wide swath of destruction across Persia & Middle East. Timur founds Timurid Dynasty & becomes infamous for building pyramids out of skulls of his slain enemies.
1350 Shaybani horde (southeast of Urals) renames itself Uzbek
Shaybanid Horde
1241 - 1500
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Samarkand
1469 - 1500 31
1469 - 94 25 Sultan Ahmad, son Abu Sa'id
1494 - 5 1 Sultan Mahmud <
1495 Masud
1495 - 7 2 Sultan Baysunghur
1495 - 1500 5 Sultan Ali Mirza
conquered by Uzbeks
1440 Uzbeks move south to Transoxiana under Abu alKhayr
1407 - 49 rule of Shah Rukh's son Ulugh Beg 1394 - 1449 in Samarkand.
1497 Babur (1483 - 1530), ruler of Ferghana, captures Samarkand.
1346 - 63 17 rule of Chagatai Khan Tughlug Timur in Transoxiana.
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1019 - 85 66 Yusuf Balasaghuni Uyghur Turkish scribe. China.
1100s Karakhanid mausoleum in Uzgen Kyrgestan
Mughulistan
1227 - 1306
79
Yarkand, Kashgar, China. Mainly Kyrgestan.
1227 - 44 17 Chaghatay
1244 - 6 2 Qara Hulegu
1246 - 51 5 Yesu Mongke
1251 - 2 1 Qara Hulegu
1252 - 60 8 Orqina Khatun
1260 - 6 6 Alughu
1266 - 71 5 Baraq / Ghiyath ad Dîn
1271 - 2 2 Negubey
1272 - 82 10 Buqa / Toqa Temu
1282 - 1306 24 Du'ar
1210 Khwarezmians defeat Qarakhitais.
Mughulistan
1227 - 1306
79
Yarkand, Kashgar, China. Mainly Kyrgestan.
1282 - 1306 24 Du'ar
 
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940 - 1000 60 AbuMahmud alKhujandi of Tajikhistan.
1137 Qarakhitai defeat Qarakhanids (now vassals of Seljuqs) at Khojent.