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Mughulistan 1227 1363 136
   
 
 
 
   
Khwarezmid 1077 1221 144
 
 
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1050s Qarakhanid Empire splits in two: one rules over Western Turkestan (Transoxiana), other over Eastern Turkestan (the Tarim Basin).
1093 - 1166 Khoja Akhmet Yassawi Turkestan (city)
1130 Kitan are driven southwest, defeat Seljuk and establish Karakitai state
1270 Uighur Kingdom is defeated by rebels.
1284 Uighur Kingdom is absorbed into Chagatai Khanate.
Moghulistan
1306 - 63 57
Ili river, Kazakstan
1306 - 8 2 Konchek
1308 - 9 1 Taliqu
1309 - 20 11 Esen Buqa
1320 - 26 6 Kebek
1326 - 34 8 Tarmashirin Ala ad Din
1334 - 8 4 Changshi
1338 - 42 4 Yesun Temur
1342 - 3 1 Muhammad
1343 - 6 3 Qazan
1346 - 58 12 Danishmendji
1359 - 63 4 Tughluq Temur
1363 Timurids
1327 Chagatay khan Tarmashirin converts to Islam
1395 Khazak horde seizes Khazakstan from Chagatai and Golden hordes
1490s Kazakh Empire is established on Central Asian steppes.
 
KhwārazmShāh Empire
1096 - 1230 134
Gurganj An empire built from Khwarezm, covering part of Iran and neighbouring Central Asia.
1096 - 1128 32 GhotbalDin Muhammad 1 of Khwarazm ebne Anushtekeen Gharajeh, Shah
1128 - 56 28 AlaalDin Abol Mozaffar Aziz ebne GhotbalDin ebne Mohammad
1156 - 71 15 TajalDin Abolfath I lIlArslan
1171 - 2 1 JalalalDin Mahmud Soltanshah ebne Il Arsalan
1172 - 99 25 Muhammad 2 of Khwarezm (AlaalDin Takesh ebne Il Arsalan)
KhwārazmShāh Empire
1096 - 1230 134
Urgench 1218 3.6M KM
1199 - 1220 21 Soltan JalalalDin Mohammad ebne Aladdin Takesh
1220 Mongols conquer Merv (Turkmenistan)
1220 - 30 10 JalalalDin Mingburnu ebne AlaalDin Mohammad
Permanently destroyed by Mongol empire.
execution of Mongol envoys by Khwarezmian Shah Muhammad sets in motion first Mongol westward thrust.
 
1460 Turcomans invade Persia and Mesopotamia
Decline of overland Trade Routes including Silk Road, due to a new emphasis on trade by sea.
Khwarezmid Dynasty
1077 - 1221 144
Urgench, Uzbekistan
1048 - 1100 52 Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is written by Omar Khayyam of Bukhara, Uzbekhistan sometime after 1048.
1140 - 41 Battle of Qatwan Steppe Qarakhitais defeat Seljuq Sultan Sanjar at , thus gaining power in Transoxiana.
1048 - 1131 83 Omar Khayyám, Uzbekistan. Persian poet, mathematician, philosopher and astronomer
1048 - 1131 83 Omar Khayyám, Bukhara, Uzbekhistan. Persian poet and astronomer
Shaybanid Horde
259
@
1241 - ? Shiban ^^ Ghengis Khan
1241 Battle of Mohi
1282 Converted to Islam
1282 - 1342 Khan Uzbek
1219 Khwarizm Khan empire (Uzbekistan) Conquered by Genghis
1220 Mongols capture Bukhara and Samarkand, defeating Khwarezmians.
1219 Mongol Invasion of Transoxiana cross Jaxartes River (Syr Darya) and begin their .
1282 new Shaybanid khan Uzbek converts Shaybanid horde to Islam and his horde becomes known as Uzbeks

1342 Shaybanid khan Uzbek dies
1306 - 8 2 Könchek
1308 - 9 1 Taliqu
1309 - 25 16 Kebek
1309 - 18 9 Esen Buqa 1
1318 - 25 7 Kebek 2ndX
1325 Eljigidey
1325 Duwa Temur
1325 - 33 8 Aladdin Tarmashirin
1326 Khan Converts to Islam
1333 - 4 1 Buzan
1334 - 8 4 Changshi
1338 - 42 4 Yesun Temur
1338 - 42 4 'AliSultan
1342 - 3 1 Muhammad 1 ibn Pulad
1343 - 6 3 Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur
1346 - 8 2 Danishmendji
Chagatai Khanate is split into two parts, western and eastern (Moghulistan). For eastern khans, see Khans of Moghulistan, below. Danishmendji 1346 - 8 2
1348 - 58 10 Bayan Quli
1358 Shah Temur
1348 - 63 15 Tughluq Temur (@ Mogulistan 1358 - 63 5)
Ilyas Khodja (@ Mogulistan 1363 - 8 5)
1363 AdilSultan
1364 - 70 6 Khabul Shah

From 1370 on, Chagatai Khans were puppets of Timur.
Suurgatmish 1370 - 1388
Sultan Mahmud (Mohammed II) 1388 - 1402

Khans of Mughalistan
1358 - 63 5 Tughluq Timur (In Western Chagatai Khanate )
1348 - 63 15 Ilyas Khoja (in Western Chagatai Khanate 1363)
1363 - 8 5 Qamar UdDin (in Kashgar; a usurper) 13681392
1389 - 99 10 Khidr Khoja
1399 - 1408 9 ShamsIJahan
1408 - 15 7 Muhammad Khan
1415 - 8 3 NaqshIJahan
1418 - 21 3 Awais Khan, Uwais Khan ibn Sher 'Ali (also spelled Vais Khan d. 1429
1421 - 5 4 Shir Muhammad ibn Shah Jahan
1425 - 9 4 Awais Khan 2ndx, Uwais Khan ibn Sher 'Ali
1429 - 34 5 Satuq Khan with
1429 - 62 33 Esen Buqa II ibn Uwais Khan
1462 - 87 25 Yunus Khan (@ Uyghurstan 1472 - 87 15)
Moghulistan split in two, western and eastern (Uyghurstan). For khans of Turfan, see Khans of Uyghurstan, below.
1487 - 1508 21 Mahmud Khan ibn Yunus Khan
1508 Uzbek Khan Seybani conquered Tashkent. Mahmud Khan and his sons executed.
Mansur Khan ibn Ahmad (Ahmad Khan's Son) (in Turfan 1503 - 1543) 1508 - 14 6 d. 1543 Sultan Said Khan
1514 - 33 19 Mansur Khan's Brother
1514 He conquered Kashgar and Tarim Basin from Dughlats. And established Yarkand Khanate.
Said Khan successors :
1533 - 60 27 Abdurashid Khan (in Aqsu 1521 33 12)
1533 - 88 55 Kuraysh (Khotan; Turfan 1570 - 1588) 1571 - 1588
1560 - 91 31 Abdul Karim (Moghul Khan)
1591 - 1610 19 Muhammed 2 (in Turfan 15881591)
1610 - 27 17 Abd alLatif Anak Khan
1627 - 32 5 Shodja adDin Ahmad Khan (Pulad Khan)
1632 - 4 2 Mahmud Sultan (Qilich Khan)
1634 - 8 4 Shudja adDin Ahmad Khan (Pulad Khan)(restored)
1638 - 69 31 Abdallah (in Turfan 1634/51638/9) d. 1675 -
1669 Nur adDin
1666 - 70 4 Ismail @ Aqsu
1669 - 70 1 Ilbars
1670 - 8 8 Ismail Khan 2ndx
1678 - 81 3 Abd arRashid Khan 2 (in Turfan 1680 - 1682)
1681 - 94 13 Appak Khoja
1694 - 5 1 Yahya Khoja ibn Appaq Khoja

1687 remnants of state fell to Aqtaghlyq, a confederation under influence of Dzungars.
Shaybanid Horde
1241 - 1500
259
@
1310s Chagatai Khanate splits in two parts: Transoxiana (West) and Moghulistan (East).
1398 Dehli Conquered by Timur Lame (Tamerlame), king of Samarkand. Timur's Turkish army devastates sultanate of Dehli, exterminates local Hindu population, and then leaves.
1294 - 1307 Temur Oljeytu Khan
1307 - 11 HaiShan
1311 - 20 Ayurbarwada
1320 - 3 Shidebala
1323 - 8 YesunTemur
1328 - 9 Jijaghatu ToqTemur
1329 - 32 Jijaghatu ToqTemur
1332 - 3 Irinchibal
1333 - 70 ToghanTemur
1370 - 88 TogusTemur
1337 Birth of Timuri Lang brutal ruler of Samarkand who cuts a wide swath of destruction across Persia and Middle East. Timur founds Timurid Dynasty and becomes infamous for building pyramids out of skulls of his slain enemies.
1350 Shaybani horde (southeast of Urals) renames itself Uzbek
Shaybanid Horde
1241 - 1500
259
@

Samarkand
1469 - 1500 31

1469 - 94 25 Sultan Ahmad, son Abu Sa'id
1494 - 5 1 Sultan Mahmud <
1495 Masud
1495 - 7 2 Sultan Baysunghur
1495 - 1500 5 Sultan Ali Mirza
conquered by Uzbeks

1440 Uzbeks move south to Transoxiana under Abu alKhayr
1407 - 49 rule of Shah Rukh's son Ulugh Beg 1394 - 1449 in Samarkand.
1497 Babur (1483 - 1530), ruler of Ferghana, captures Samarkand.
1346 - 63 17 rule of Chagatai Khan Tughlug Timur in Transoxiana.

1019 - 85 66 Yusuf Balasaghuni Uyghur Turkish scribe. China.
1100s Karakhanid mausoleum in Uzgen Kyrgestan
Mughulistan
1227 - 1306
79
Yarkand, Kashgar, China. Mainly Kyrgestan.
1227 - 44 17 Chaghatay
1244 - 6 2 Qara Hulegu
1246 - 51 5 Yesu Mongke
1251 - 2 1 Qara Hulegu
1252 - 60 8 Orqina Khatun
1260 - 6 6 Alughu
1266 - 71 5 Baraq / Ghiyath ad Dîn
1271 - 2 2 Negubey
1272 - 82 10 Buqa / Toqa Temu
1282 - 1306 24 Du'ar
1210 Khwarezmians defeat Qarakhitais.
Mughulistan
1227 - 1306
79
Yarkand, Kashgar, China. Mainly Kyrgestan.
1282 - 1306 24 Du'ar
 
940 - 1000 60 AbuMahmud alKhujandi of Tajikhistan.
1137 Qarakhitai defeat Qarakhanids (now vassals of Seljuqs) at Khojent.