1000s
1100s
1200s
1300s
1400s
 
Almoravid Dynasty Morocco
Almohad Caliphate Morocco 124
     
 
Almohad Caliphate Morocco 1121 - 1269 150
 
 
 
 
Ayyubid dynasty Egypt 1171 - 1341 270
 
 
Caliphs of Cairo Egypt 1261 - 1517 256

 
B
 
Warsangali Sultanate Somalia 1290s - 1884 590s
 
Ajuuraan State Somalia 1300s - 1600s 300
Shewa Sultanate Ethiopia 896 - 1285 389
 
 
Zagwe Dynasty Ethiopia 1137 - 1270 133
 
Ifat Sult
   
 
Ethiopian Empire 1137 - 1975 838
     
Abyssinian Empire Ethiopia 1270 - 1974 704
 
Adal Sult Ethiopia
 
Buganda Kingdom Uganda
 
Kitara Kingdom Uganda 1300s - 1500s 200
Kilwa Sultanate Tanzania 900s - 1505 600s
 
Ng
N Europe
Iceland Country FlagIreland Country FlagUnited Kingdom Country FlagDenmark Country FlagNorway Country Flag
Sweden Country Flag
Finland Country FlagEstonia Country FlagLatvia Country FlagLithuania Country Flag
W Europe
Netherlands Country FlagBelgium Country FlagLuxembourg Country FlagFrance Country FlagMonaco Country Flag
Switzerland Country FlagLiechtenstein Country FlagGermany Country FlagAustria Country Flag
S Europe
Portugal Country FlagSpain Country FlagAndorra Country FlagItaly Country FlagVatican City Country FlagSan Marino Country FlagMalta Country Flag
Slovenia Country Flag
Croatia Country FlagBosnia and Herzegovina Country FlagAlbania Country FlagMontenegro Country FlagSerbia Country FlagMacedonia Country FlagGreece Country Flag
E Europe
Poland Country Flag
Czech Republic Country FlagSlovakia Country FlagHungary Country FlagBelarus Country Flag
Ukraine Country FlagRomania Country FlagMoldova Country FlagBulgaria Country FlagRussia Country Flag
N Africa
Morocco Country FlagWestern Sahara Country FlagAlgeria Country FlagTunisia Country Flag
Libya Country FlagEgypt Country FlagSudan Country Flag
E Africa
Ethiopia Country FlagEritrea Country FlagDjibouti Country FlagSomalia Country FlagFrance Country FlagMauritius Country Flag
Seychelles Country Flag
France Country FlagComoros Country FlagTanzania Country FlagMalawi Country FlagKenya Country FlagUganda Country Flag
W Africa
Cape Verde Country Flag
Mauritania Country FlagSenegal Country FlagGambia Country FlagGuinea Bissau Country FlagGuinea Country FlagSierra Leone Country FlagLiberia Country Flag
Mali Country FlagCote Divoire Country FlagBurkina Faso Country FlagGhana Country FlagTogo Country FlagBenin Country FlagNiger Country FlagNigeria Country Flag
C Africa
Chad Country FlagCameroon Country FlagCentral African Republic Country FlagSao Tome and Principe Country FlagGabon Country Flag
Congo Country FlagDemocratic Republic of Congo Country FlagRwanda Country FlagBurundi Country FlagAngola Country Flag
S Africa
Zambia Country FlagNamibia Country FlagCountry FlagZimbabwe Country Flag
Mozambique Country FlagMadagascar Country FlagSouth Africa Country FlagLesotho Country FlagSwaziland Country Flag
W Asia
Turkey Country FlagGeorgia Country FlagArmenia Country FlagAzerbaijan Country FlagCyprus Country FlagIsrael Country FlagLebanon Country FlagJordan Country Flag
Lesotho Country FlagIraq Country FlagKuwait Country FlagBahrain Country FladQatar Country FlagSaudi-Arabia Country FlagUnited-Arab-Emirates Country FlagOman Country FlagYemen Country Flag
C Asia
Kazakstan Country FlagTurkmenistan Country FlagUzbekistan Country Flag
Tajikistan Country FlagKygyzstan Country Flag
S Asia
Iran Country FlagAfghanistan Country Flag
Pakistan Country FlagIndia Country Flag
Nepal Country Flag
Bangladesh Country FlagBhutan Country FlagSri Lanka Country FlagMaldives Country Flag
E Asia
China Country Flag
Mongolia Country FlagNorth Korea Country FlagSouth Korea Country FlagJapan Country FlagTaiwan Country Flag
SE Asia
Myanmar Country FlagThailand Country FlagLaos Country FlagCambodia Country FlagVietnam Country Flag
Malaysia Country FlagSingapore Country FlagIndonesia Country FlagBrunei Country FlagPhilippines Country FlagEast Timor Country Flag
Oceania
Palau Country Flag
Micronesia Country FlagNauru Country FlagMarshall Islands Country FlagKiribati Country FlagPapau New Guinea Country FlagSolomon Islands Country Flag
Vanuatu Country Flag
Fiji Country FlagTuvalu Country FlagSamoa Country FlagTonga Country FlagAustralia Country FlagNew Zealand Country Flag
North America
Canada Country FlagUnited States Country FlagMexico Country Flag
C America
Guatemala Country FlagBelize Country FlagEl Salvador Country FlagHonduras Country Flag
Nicaragua Country FlagCosta Rica Country FlagPanama Country Flag
Carribean
Bahamas Country FlagTurks and Caicos Country FlagCuba Country FlagHaiti Country FlagDominican Republic Country FlagJamaica Country FlagCayman Islands Country Flag
Antigua and Barbuda Country FlagBarbados Country FlagDominica Country FlagGrenada Country FlagSaint Kitts and Nevis Country FlagSaint Lucia Country FlagSaint Vincent and the Grenadas Country FlagTrinidad and Tobago Country Flag
S America
Colombia Country Flag
Venezuela Country FlagGuyana Country FlagSuriname Country FlagEcuador Country FlagPeru Country Flag
Brazil Country FlagBolivia Country FlagChile Country FlagArgentina Country FlagUruguay Country FlagParaguay Country Flag

1040 - 1147 86 Almoravid Dynasty Aghmat Islam_Flag 1040 1062 Marrakech, Córdoba 1062 1147 Morocco 107 yrs

? Zaynab anNafzawiyyat wife of Almoravid ruler AbuBakr IbnUmar
Almohad Caliphate
1145 - 1269 124
1121 - 47 26 Tinmel
1147 - 71 24 Marrakesh
1171 - 84 13 Seville, Spain
1184 - 1213 29 Rabat
1213 - 69
56 Marrakesh
1145 - 1163
18 Abd alMu'min
1163 - 1184
21 Abu Yaqub Yusuf 1
1184 - 1199
15 Yaqub alMansur
1198 Death of philisopher Ibn Rush (Averroes)
1158 Koutoubia Mosque Morroco
1325 Ibn Battuta, famous North African traveler, begins 29year, 75,000 mile world tour
1340 Battle of Rio Saldo Alfonso 11 of Castile and Alfonso 4 of Portugal defeat a much larger force of Muslims from Morocco.

 






Fez
1472 - 1554 82
Fes, Morocco. Islam_Flag Moroccan Arabic, Amazigh languages
1415 Portuguese capture city of Ceuta on north coast of Morocco, first time that Crusade against Muslims was taken to northwestern region of Africa.
Kotoko
1400s - 1875 475
Cameroon, Nigeria, Chad
1097 Great Mosque of Algiers algeria
Abd alWadid
1235 - 1556 321
Tlemcen Algeria
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1236 - 83 47 Abu Yahya 1 bin Zayyan or Yghomracen Ibn Zyan 1236 1283
1283 - 1303 20 Abu Said Uthman 1 son of previous or Othmane Ibn Yaghmoracen 1283 1304
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1303 - 8 5 Abu Zayyan 1^
1308 - 18 10 Abu Hammu 1 <
1318 - 37 19 Abu Tashufin 1 ^
1337 - 48 11 First Marinid conquest Marinid ruler was Abu alHasan Ali
1348 - 52 4 Abu Said Uthman 2 ^Abu Tashufin 1
1348 - 52 4 Abu Thabid 1 associate brother of Abu Said Uthman 2
1352 - 9 7 Second Marinid conquest Marinid ruler was Abu Inan
1359 - 70 11 Abu Hammu 2 Musa ruled in , 1360 1370, 1372 1383, 1384 1387, 1387 1389 brother of Abu Said Uthman 2 Expedition to Bugia defeated, 1366
1360, 1370 1372, 1383 1384 and 1387 Abu Zayyan Muhammad 2 ibn Uthman ruled in during times when Abu Hammu 2 was forced from power.
1389 - 93 4 Abu Tashufin 2 (son of Abu Hammu 1)
1393 Abu Thabid 2 (son of Abu Tashufin I)
1393 - 4 1 Abul Hadjdjadj 1 <
1394 - 9 5 Abu Zayyan 2 <
1399 - 14012 Abu Muh 1 <
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1401 - 11 10 Abu Abdallah 1 <
1411 Abd er Rahman 1 bin Abu Muh (son of Abu Muh 1)
1411 Said 1 bin Abu Tashufin (brother of Abu Muh 1)
1411 - 23 12 Abu Malek 1 <
1423 - 7 4 Abu Abdallah 2 (son of Abd er Rahman 1)
1427 - 9 2 Civil War
1429 - 30 1 Abu Abdallah 2 (second time)
1430 - 61 31 Abu Abbas Ahmad 1(son of Abu Thabit 2)
1461 - 8 7 Abu Abdallah 3 ^
1468 Abu Tashufin 3 ^
1468 - 1504 36 Abu Abdallah 4 <
Rival Fatimid
999 - 1171 172
in North Africa Islam_Flag
       
1045 Zirids, a Berber dynasty of North Africa, break their allegiance with Fatimid court of Egypt and recognize Abbasids of Baghdad as true caliphs.
1291 Mamluk Sultan of Egypt alAshraf Khalil captures Acre, thus ending Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem (the final Christian landholding remaining from Crusades).
1154 Geography by geographer Muhammad alIdrisi
1000 Zij alKabir alHakimi is written by Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yunus.
1004 Library & University Dar AlHekma is founded in Egypt under Fatimids.
1008 Fatimid Egyptian sea captain Domiyat travels to Buddhist pilgrimage site in Shandong, China, to seek out Chinese Emperor Zhenzong of Song with gifts from his ruling Imam AlHakim biAmr Allah, successfully reopening diplomatic relations between Egypt and China that had been lost since collapse of Tang Dynasty.
1021 ruling Fatimid Caliph AlHakim biAmr Allah disappears suddenly, possibly assassinated by his own sister Sitt alMulk, which leads to open persecution of Druze by Ismaili Shia; Druze proclaimed that AlHakim went into hiding (ghayba), whereupon he would return as Mahdi savior.
Yusuf ibn Tashfin, Almoravid ruler of North Africa and Spain
1217 - 21 4 5th Crusade captures Egyptian Ayyubid port city of Damietta, ultimately Crusaders withdraw.
996 - 1021 25 Hamid alDin alKirmani, Egypt. a Persian missionary da'i to Fatimid Caliphate
1244 Battle of La Forbie Ayyubids and Khwarezmians defeat Crusaders and their Arab allies at the.
1248 - 54 6 7th Crusade captures Egyptian Ayyubid port city of Damietta, Crusaders ultimately withdraw. Mamelukes overthrow Ayyubid Dynasty.
1304 - 77 73 Ibn Battuta Moroccan Berber Muslim traveler
1171 Saladin deposes last Fatimid Caliph Al'Āḍid, initiating Ayyubid dynasty, Egypt.
1080 Liber Pantegni by Constantine African of Tunisia.
1400s Abu Sa'id alAfif, a Samaritan physician, Cairo.
1021 Book of Optics by Ibn alHaytham (Alhazen or Alhacen) is completed. Cairo.
1094 a succession crisis following reign of Fatimid Caliph Ma'ad alMustansir Billah sparks a rebellion which leads to split of Ismaili Shia into new Nizari religious branch. Egypt.
1017 - 87 70 Constantine African, Carthaginian Christian physician and translator of ancient Greek medicine
1000 - 78 78 Mu'ayyad fi'lDin alShirazi Egypt. Persian theologian serving Fatimid court
1013 AlHakim Mosque of Fatimid Egypt is completed in.
1289 Crusader State of Tripoli falls to Mamelukes.
950 - 1009 59 Ibn Yunus. Abu alHasan 'Ali abi Sa'id 'Abd alRahman ibn Ahmad ibn Yunus alSadafi alMisri, Egyptian mathematician and astronomer
1000 AlZij alHakimi alKabir by Ibn Yunus of Egypt publishes his astronomical treatise .
1080 Liber pantegni Compendium of Hellenistic and Islamic medicine, is written in Italy by Carthaginian Christian Constantine African, paraphrasing translated passages from Kitab almalaki of Ali ibn Abbas alMajusi as well as other Arabic texts
1100s In north Africa, kasbah of Marrakesh is built, including city gate Bab Agnaou and Koutoubia mosque.
Ayyubid
1171 - 1341 170
1171 Saladin becomes sultan of Egypt and founds Ayyubid dynasty
El Naser Salah el Dine (Saladin) 1963
1154 AlHussein Mosque egypt
Cairo
1261 - 1517
256

1261 - 1262 1 AlMustansir 2
1262 - 1302
40 AlHakim 1
1250 Establishment of Mamluk (Slave) dynasty in Egypt
641 Muslim conquest of Egypt
Mamluk
1250 - 1517 267
Islam_Flag Egypt Syria Cairo Islamic Empire
1249/50 establishment of Kipchak Turkic Mamluke dynasty in Egypt.
1219 ElMursi Abul Abbas Mosque Egypt
1219 Emperor's Mosque Egypt
Cairo 1261 - 1517 256

1302 - 40 38 AlMustakfi 1
1341 - 52
1 AlHakim 2
1352 - 62
10 AlMu'tadid 1
1362 - 83
21 AlMutawakkil 1
1383 - 6
3 AlWathiq 2
1386 - 9 3
AlMu'tasim
1389 - 1406
17 AlMutawakkil 1
1365 Led by Peter 1 of Cyprus, Crusaders sack Egyptian city of Alexandria.
1356 Sultan Hassan MosqueMadrassa egypt
Cairo
1261 - 1517
256

Islam_Flag
1406 - 14
8 AlMusta'in
1414 - 41
27 AlMu'tadid 2
1441 - 51
10 AlMustakfi 2
1451 - 5
4 AlQa'im
1455 - 79
24 AlMustanjid
1479 - 97
18 AlMutawakkil 2
1497 - 1508
13 AlMustamsik
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
682
1000 - 6 6 Raphael
1006 - 27 21 Stephanos
1027 - 77 50 ?
1077 - 9 2 Solomon supposedly restored matrilineal succession
1079 - 89 10 Georgios 3
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
682
1089 - 1130 41 Basileios
1130 - 58 28 Georgios 4 ^
1158 - ? Moses Georgios ^
? - ? ?
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
682
? - 1268 Murtashkar
1268 - 72 4 David
1276 Shekanda
1279 Barak
1286 - 7 1 Semamunalso Simamun
1287 - 8 1 Nephew of Semamun
1288 - 9 1 Semamun
1289 - 90 1 Nephew of David (Budamma)
1290 - 5 5 Semamun
1295 - 1305 10 Ayay
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
682
1305 - 11 6 ?
1311 - 6 5 Kernabes
1316 - 7 1 Barschanbu
1317 Kanz edDawla
1323 - 4 1 Kernabes
1324 - 33 9 Kanz edDawla
1333 alAmir Abi Abdallah Kanz elDawla
Bornu
1376 - 1893 517