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Ancient - 500A 1200s Future
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Almoravid Dynasty Morocco
       
 
Almohad Caliphate Morocco 1121 - 1269 150
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ayyubid dynasty Egypt 1171 - 1341 270
 
 
Caliphs of Cairo Egypt 1261 - 1517 256
 
B
 

Shewa Sultanate Ethiopia 896 - 1285 389
 
 
Zagwe Dynasty Ethiopia 1137 - 1270 133
 
Ifat Sult
   
 
Ethiopian Empire 1137 - 1975 838
     
Abyssinian Empire Ethiopia 1270 - 1974 704
 
Adal Sult Ethiopia
 
Buganda Kingdom Uganda
 
Kitara Kingdom Uganda 1300s - 1500s 200
Kilwa Sultanate Tanzania 900s - 1505 600s
 
Ng
 
Warsangali Sultanate Somalia 1290s - 1884 590s
 
Ajuuraan State Somalia 1300s - 1600s 300
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C Africa
Chad Country FlagCameroon Country FlagCentral African Republic Country FlagSao Tome & Principe Country FlagGabon Country Flag
Congo Country FlagDemocratic Republic of Congo Country FlagRwanda Country FlagBurundi Country FlagAngola Country Flag
S Africa
Zambia Country FlagNamibia Country FlagCountry FlagZimbabwe Country Flag
Mozambique Country FlagMadagascar Country FlagSouth Africa Country FlagLesotho Country FlagSwaziland Country Flag
 
1121 - 47 26 Tinmel
1147 - 71 24 Marrakesh
1171 - 84 13 Seville, Spain
1184 - 1213 29 Rabat
1213 - 69
56 Marrakesh
1145 - 1163 18 Abd alMu'min
1163 - 1184 21 Abu Yaqub Yusuf 1
1184 - 1199 15 Yaqub alMansur
1198 Death of philisopher Ibn Rush (Averroes)
   
1040 - 1147 86 Almoravid Dynasty Aghmat Islam_Flag 1040 1062 Marrakech, Córdoba 1062 1147 Morocco 107 yrs
? Zaynab anNafzawiyyat wife of Almoravid ruler AbuBakr IbnUmar
1158 Koutoubia Mosque Morroco
1325 Ibn Battuta, famous North African traveler, begins 29year, 75,000 mile world tour
1340 Battle of Rio Saldo Alfonso 11 of Castile & Alfonso 4 of Portugal defeat a much larger force of Muslims from Morocco.
 




1415 Portuguese capture city of Ceuta on north coast of Morocco, first time that Crusade against Muslims was taken to northwestern region of Africa.
Cameroon, Nigeria, Chad
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1097 Great Mosque of Algiers algeria
 
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1236 - 83 47 Abu Yahya 1 bin Zayyan or Yghomracen Ibn Zyan 1236 1283
1283 - 1303 20 Abu Said Uthman 1 ^ previous or Othmane Ibn Yaghmoracen 1283 1304
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1303 - 8 5 Abu Zayyan 1^
1308 - 18 10 Abu Hammu 1 <
1318 - 37 19 Abu Tashufin 1 ^
1337 - 48 11 First Marinid conquest Marinid ruler was Abu alHasan Ali
1348 - 52 4 Abu Said Uthman 2 ^Abu Tashufin 1
1348 - 52 4 Abu Thabid 1 associate brother of Abu Said Uthman 2
1352 - 9 7 Second Marinid conquest Marinid ruler was Abu Inan
1359 - 70 11 Abu Hammu 2 Musa ruled in , 1360 1370, 1372 1383, 1384 1387, 1387 1389 brother of Abu Said Uthman 2 Expedition to Bugia defeated,
1366
1360, 1370 1372, 1383 1384 & 1387 Abu Zayyan Muhammad 2 ibn Uthman ruled in during times when Abu Hammu 2 was forced from power.
1389 - 93 4 Abu Tashufin 2 (son of Abu Hammu 1)
1393 Abu Thabid 2 (son of Abu Tashufin I)
1393 - 4 1 Abul Hadjdjadj 1 <
1394 - 9 5 Abu Zayyan 2 <
1399 - 14012 Abu Muh 1 <
Ziyyanid
1235 - 1556 321
1401 - 11 10 Abu Abdallah 1 <
1411 Abd er Rahman 1 bin Abu Muh (son of Abu Muh 1)
1411 Said 1 bin Abu Tashufin (brother of Abu Muh 1)
1411 - 23 12 Abu Malek 1 <
1423 - 7 4 Abu Abdallah 2 (son of Abd er Rahman 1)
1427 - 9 2 Civil War
1429 - 30 1 Abu Abdallah 2 (second time)
1430 - 61 31 Abu Abbas Ahmad 1(son of Abu Thabit 2)
1461 - 8 7 Abu Abdallah 3 ^
1468 Abu Tashufin 3 ^
1468 - 1504 36 Abu Abdallah 4 <
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Rival Fatimid
999 - 1171 172
in North Africa Islam_Flag
Rival Fatimid
999 - 1171 172
in North Africa Islam_Flag
     
1000s
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1200s
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Ayyubid Sultanate
1171 - 1341 170
1171 Saladin becomes sultan of Egypt & founds Ayyubid dynasty
El Naser Salah el Dine (Saladin) 1963
Ayyubid Sultanate
1171 - 1341 170
Ayyubid Sultanate
1171 - 1341 170
 
   
Mamluk Sultanate
1250 - 1517 267
Islam_Flag Egypt Syria Cairo Islamic Empire
Mamluk Sultanate
1250 - 1517 267
Mamluk Sultanate
1250 - 1517 267
1045 Zirids, a Berber dynasty of North Africa, break their allegiance with Fatimid court of Egypt & recognize Abbasids of Baghdad as true caliphs.
1291 Mamluk Sultan of Egypt alAshraf Khalil captures Acre, thus ending Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem (the final Christian landholding remaining from Crusades).
1154 Geography by geographer Muhammad alIdrisi
1000 Zij alKabir alHakimi is written by Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yunus.
1004 Library & University Dar AlHekma is founded in Egypt under Fatimids.
1008 Fatimid Egyptian sea captain Domiyat travels to Buddhist pilgrimage site in Shandong, China, to seek out Chinese Emperor Zhenzong of Song with gifts from his ruling Imam AlHakim biAmr Allah, successfully reopening diplomatic relations between Egypt & China that had been lost since collapse of Tang Dynasty.
1021 ruling Fatimid Caliph AlHakim biAmr Allah disappears suddenly, possibly assassinated by his own sister Sitt alMulk, which leads to open persecution of Druze by Ismaili Shia; Druze proclaimed that AlHakim went into hiding (ghayba), whereupon he would return as Mahdi savior.
Yusuf ibn Tashfin, Almoravid ruler of North Africa & Spain
1217 - 21 4 5th Crusade captures Egyptian Ayyubid port city of Damietta, ultimately Crusaders withdraw.
996 - 1021 25 Hamid alDin alKirmani, Egypt. a Persian missionary da'i to Fatimid Caliphate
1244 Battle of La Forbie Ayyubids & Khwarezmians defeat Crusaders & their Arab allies at the.
1248 - 54 6 7th Crusade captures Egyptian Ayyubid port city of Damietta, Crusaders ultimately withdraw. Mamelukes overthrow Ayyubid Dynasty.
1304 - 77 73 Ibn Battuta Moroccan Berber Muslim traveler
1171 Saladin deposes last Fatimid Caliph Al'Āḍid, initiating Ayyubid dynasty, Egypt.
1080 Liber Pantegni by Constantine African of Tunisia.
1400s Abu Sa'id alAfif, a Samaritan physician, Cairo.
1021 Book of Optics by Ibn alHaytham (Alhazen or Alhacen) is completed. Cairo.
1094 a succession crisis following reign of Fatimid Caliph Ma'ad alMustansir Billah sparks a rebellion which leads to split of Ismaili Shia into new Nizari religious branch. Egypt.
1017 - 87 70 Constantine African, Carthaginian Christian physician & translator of ancient Greek medicine
1000 - 78 78 Mu'ayyad fi'lDin alShirazi Egypt. Persian theologian serving Fatimid court
1013 AlHakim Mosque of Fatimid Egypt is completed in.
1289 Crusader State of Tripoli falls to Mamelukes.
950 - 1009 59 Ibn Yunus. Abu alHasan 'Ali abi Sa'id 'Abd alRahman ibn Ahmad ibn Yunus alSadafi alMisri, Egyptian mathematician & astronomer
1000 AlZij alHakimi alKabir by Ibn Yunus of Egypt publishes his astronomical treatise .
1080 Liber pantegni Compendium of Hellenistic & Islamic medicine, is written in Italy by Carthaginian Christian Constantine African, paraphrasing translated passages from Kitab almalaki of Ali ibn Abbas alMajusi as well as other Arabic texts
1100s In north Africa, kasbah of Marrakesh is built, including city gate Bab Agnaou & Koutoubia mosque.
1154 AlHussein Mosque egypt
1218 - 9 Battle of Damietta
1261 - 1262 1 AlMustansir 2
1262 - 1302 40 AlHakim 1

1250 Establishment of Mamluk (Slave) dynasty in Egypt
641 Muslim conquest of Egypt
1249/50 establishment of Kipchak Turkic Mamluke dynasty in Egypt.
1219 El Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque Egypt
1219 Emperor's Mosque Egypt
1302 - 40 38 AlMustakfi 1
1341 - 52 1 AlHakim 2
1352 - 62 10 AlMu'tadid 1
1362 - 83 21 AlMutawakkil 1
1383 - 6 3 AlWathiq 2
1386 - 9 3 AlMu'tasim
1389 - 1406 17 AlMutawakkil 1
1365 Led by Peter 1 of Cyprus, Crusaders sack Egyptian city of Alexandria.
1356 Sultan Hassan MosqueMadrassa egypt
Islam_Flag
1406 - 14 8 AlMusta'in
1414 - 41 27 AlMu'tadid 2
1441 - 51 10 AlMustakfi 2
1451 - 5 4 AlQa'im
1455 - 79 24 AlMustanjid
1479 - 97 18 AlMutawakkil 2
1497 - 1508 13 AlMustamsik
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1000 - 6 6 Raphael
1006 - 27 21 Stephanos
1027 - 77 50 ?
1077 - 9 2 Solomon supposedly restored matrilineal succession
1079 - 89 10 Georgios 3
1089 - 1130 41 Basileios
1130 - 58 28 Georgios 4 ^
1158 - ? Moses Georgios ^
? - ? ?
? - 1268 Murtashkar
1268 - 72 4 David
1276 Shekanda
1279 Barak
1286 - 7 1 Semamunalso Simamun
1287 - 8 1 Nephew of Semamun
1288 - 9 1 Semamun
1289 - 90 1 Nephew of David (Budamma)
1290 - 5 5 Semamun
1295 - 1305 10 Ayay
1305 - 11 6 ?
1311 - 6 5 Kernabes
1316 - 7 1 Barschanbu
1317 Kanz edDawla
1323 - 4 1 Kernabes
1324 - 33 9 Kanz edDawla
1333 alAmir Abi Abdallah Kanz elDawla