1000s
1100s
1200s
1300s
1400s
 
Icelandic Sagas 1200 - 1450
 
 
I
Robin Hood
1180 - 1260
 
Wallace
Eddas written
 
 
m
r
d
Con
m
m
d
d
m
Mur
m
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
Kingdom of Mide Ireland 743 1173 430
   
Alpin
Dunkeld 1034 - 1286 252
f
 
b
Bruce 06 - 71 65
Stewart 1371 - 1567 196
Kingdom of Scotland
Deheubarth 909 - 1197 288
   
W
Canute
D2
Ed 1
Wessex
W2
Henry 1
Norman 1066 - 1154 88
Henry 2
R 1
John
L
Henry 3
Edward 1
Ed 2
Ed 3
Rich 2
Plantagenet 1154 - 1399 245
H 4
H5
Henry 6
Lancaster
5*
York
H7
Tud
Kingdom of England 927 - 1707 781
 
Danish Empire 1200s - 1953 750s
   
Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1200 - 1795 595
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Icelandic Commonwealth
930 - 1262 332
Þingvellir
Old Icelandic
Federation
1000 Christianity State Religion heathenism still permitted in private.
1006 - 80 74 Ísleifur Gissurarson first Bishop of Iceland
Icelandic Commonwealth
930 - 1262 332
@ Þingvellir
Old Icelandic
Federation
1117 - 18 1 Grágás, Icelandic law code, first written down.
1122 Islendingabok by Ari Thorgilsson
1199 - 1238 39 Sturla Sighvatsson

Icelandic Commonwealth
930 - 1262 332
@ Þingvellir
Old Icelandic
Federation
1199 1238 39 Sturla Sighvatsson
Orkneyinga Saga written by an unknown Icelandic author.
1200 - 1450 250 Icelandic Sagas written
Age of Sturlungs
1220 - 64 44
1245 Laxdaela Saga by ?
1208 - 45 37 Kolbeinn ungi Arnórsson
1225 Heimskringla by Snorri Sturluson
1230 Egils saga Skallagrimssonar by Snorri Sturluson (note that this is 240 years after death of Egill).
1245 - 56 11 Þórður kakali Sighvatsson
1250 - 1300 Codex Regius Collection of Eddas, which had previously been circulating orally since Migration Age or before, are collected and written down in the, oldest surviving manuscript containing Eddic poems.
1208 - 68 60 Gissur Þorvaldsson
1214 - 84 70 Sturla Þórðarson
1280 BrenuNjals saga by ? Written 269 years after death of Njal
1179 - 1241 62 Snorri Sturluson Historian, Sagawriter
Norwegian Iceland
1262 - 1380
118
Þingvellir
Old Icelandic
Norwegian Iceland
1262 - 1380
118
Þingvellir
Old Icelandic
1300 Sturlunga Saga a collection of historical sagas written by various Icelanders during 1200's, is compiled.

 

Danish Iceland
1380 - 1918
538
@ Þingvellir
Old Icelandic

 

Kingdom of Gwynedd
450 - 1282
832
10th & 11th Century Usurpations
999 - 1005 6 Cynan ap Hywel Returns to Aberffraw dynasty briefly
1005 - 18 13 Aeddan ap Blegywrydminor commote lord usurps Gwynedd from Aberffraw dynasty
1018 - 23 5 Llywelyn ap Seisyll Rhuddlan dynasty in lower Gwynedd usurps from Aeddan ap Blegywryd
1023 - 39 16 Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig Aberffraw dynasty returns
1039 - 63 24 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Llywelyn's son Gruffydd usurps from Aberffraw dynasty
1063 - 75 12 Bleddyn ap Cynfyn Mathrafal dynasty of Powys "receives" Gwynedd from English King
1075 - 81 6 Trahaearn ap Caradog
Mide
743 - 1173
430
1022 - 5 3 Mael Sechnaill Got mac Mael Sechnaill
1025 - 7 2 Roen mac Muirchertaig
1027 - 30 3 Domnall Got
1030 - 73 43 Conchobar ua Mael Sechlainn
1073 Murchad mac Flainn Ua Mael Sechlainn
1073 - 87 14 Mael Sechlainn Ban mac Conchobair Ua Mael Sechlainn
1087 - 94 7 Domnall mac Flainn Ua Mael Sechlainn
1094 - 1105 11 Donnchad mac Murchada Ua Mael Sechlainn
Osraige
Cellach mac Diarmata
996 - 1103 107
1003 - 39 36 Donnchad mac Gilla Pátraic
1039 - 55 16 Gilla Patráic mac Donnchada
? - 1041 Muirchertach mac Gilla Patráic  
1055 - 72 17 Domnall mac Gilla Patráic
1072 - 90 18 Donnchad mac Domnaill
1090 - 1103 13 Gilla Patráic Ruad
Irish Empire
1005 - 1014 9
Ireland Armagh Brian Boru of Leinster is declared "Imperator Scottorum" or "Emperor of Irish".
1014 ArdRigh Brian Boru defeats Norse in Ireland at Battle of Clontarf, both Brian and Jarl Sigurdhr of Orkney are slain.
Munster
970
1014 - 25 11 (E) Dúngal mac Máelfothartaig Hua Donnchada,
1015 - 64 49 Donnchad mac Briain
1064 - 8 4 Murchad mac Donnchada
1068 - 86 18 Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
1030 Dublin holy trinity Cathedral Founded

 

Kingdom of Gwynedd
450 - 1282
832
Aberffraw restoration
1081 - 1137 56 Gruffydd ap Cynan
1137 - 70 33 Owain Gwynedd ap GruffyddAfter Owain rulers of Gwynedd are styled Prince of Aberffraw and Lord of Snowdon
1170 Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd killed by his younger brother Dafydd ab Owain in a conspiracy hatched by his stepmother Cristen, dowager princess of Gwynedd, and her sons Dafydd and Rhodri ab Owain.
Interegnum
Dafydd ab Owain ursurped throne of Gwynedd from his brother Hywel ab Owain, and recognized as 'prince of Gwynedd' by English Crown. However, his ascendency was short lived as he was displaced by other brothers, with throne of Gwynedd returning to senior legitimate heir of Owain Gwynedd with Llywelyn Great.
1170 95 25 Dafydd Usurper displaced elder brother Hywel ap Owain Gwynedd, but was himself displaced between 1195 ruling only lower Gwynedd. England recognized Dafydd as Prince of Gwynedd, though Welsh jurists did not. Had rival kings Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd 1170 4 4 Ruling upper Gwynedd & Maelgwn ab Owain Gwynedd 1170 3 3 ruling Ynys Mon and supporter of his elder brother Hywel ap Owain's claim as Prince. After Hywel's death, Maelgwn was able to retain Ynys Mon from Dafydd Usurper.
Mide
743 1173
430
1105 6 1 Muirchertach mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1106 53 47 Murchad mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1115 Mael Sechlainn mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1127 Domnall mac Murchada Ua Mael Sechlainn
1127 30 3 Diarmait mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1143 4 1 Conchobar Ua Conchobair
1144 52 8 Donnchad mac Muirchertaig Ua Mael Sechlainn
1152 5 3 Mael Sechlainn mac Murchada Ua Mael Sechlainn
1155 Donnchad mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1155 6 1 Diarmait mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1156 7 1 Donnchad mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1157 8 1 Diarmait mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1158 60 2 Donnchad mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1160 9 9 Diarmait mac Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
1169 73 4 Domnall Bregach mac Mael Sechlainn meic Domnaill Ua Mael Sechlainn
Osraige
1103 13 10 Cerball
 ???? 1113 Domnall mac Donnchada Mac Gilla Patráic
???? ???? Finn Ua Caellaide  
1119 23 4 Donnchad Balc mac Gilla Patráic Ruaid after
1121 Donnchad Dub
1123 6 3 Murchad Mac Murchada
1123 6 3 Conchobar mac Cerbaill
1126 46 20 Gilla Patráic mac Domnaill Mac Gilla Patráic
1146 63 17 Cerball mac Domnaill Mac Gilla Patraic
 ???? ???? Murchad Ua Caellaide
1151 62 11 Donnchad mac Gilla Patráic Mac Gilla Patráic after
1162 5 3 Domnall Mac Gilla Patráic
1165 76 11 Domnall Mac Gilla Patráic
1170 2 2 Diarmait Ua Caellaide
Munster
970
1086 1119 35 Muircheartach Ua Briain
? 1118 Diarmait Ua Briain
? 1118 Brian Ua Briain
? 1119 Muirchertach Ua Briain
1119 38 19 Cormac Mac Carthaigh
1169 On May 1, Norman invasion of Ireland begins. Richard fitzGilbert de Clare ('Strongbow') makes an alliance with exiled Irish chief, Dermot MacMurrough, to help him recover his kingdom of Leinster.
1094 1148 54 Malachy O'More, Ireland. Saint, Archbishop of Armagh
1100s Athlone Castle
1100s Carrickmines Castle
1100s Monkstown Castle, County Dublin
1142 Cahir Castle
1150 1200 Dunamase Rock
1170 Birr Castle
1170 Parkavonear Castle
1172 Killeen Castle, Dunsany
1172 King John's Castle Limerick
1172 Leixlip Castle
1181 Athy River Barrow and WhitesCastle Athy
1181 Dunsany Castle and Demesne
1181 Kilkea Castle
1181 Temple House Manor and Castle
1185 Malahide Castle
1100s Kilfenora Cathedral
1111 1467 Scattery Island Cathedral in Operation
1124 1987 Down Cathedral Holy and Undivided Trinity
1152 1300 Leighlin Cathedral
1168 Blessed Virgin Mary Cathedral
1180 1500s Clonfert Cathedral
1191 Saint Patrick's Cathedral Dublin Completed
11731640s Trim Castle Occupation
Kingdom of Gwynedd
450 - 1282
832
Restoration of senior line
1195 1240 45 Llywelyn Great Llywelyn Fawr ap Iorwerthde jure first Prince of Wales
1240 6 6 Dafydd 1 1st acknowledged Prince of Wales
1246 55 9 Owen Red Owain Goch ap Gruffydd
1246 82 36 Llywelyn Last Llywelyn ap Gruffydd 2nd acknowledged Prince of Wales
1200 IbnDihya's Story of AlGhazal's Embassy to King of Vikings in Ireland Written
1200 Swords Castle Dublin
1200 Swords Castle Dublin
1200s Ballincollig Castle
1200s Deel Castle
1200s Howth Castle
1200s Cashel Rock
1204 Dublin Castle
1207 Dunlough Castle
120713 6 Carlow Castle
1213 Kilkenny Castle
1213 Roscrea Castle
1290 1310 20 Ballymoon Castle
1200s 1987 Downpatrick Cathedral
1200s Kilkenny Cathedral
1230s St. Edan Cathedral
1235 70 Cashel Cathedral
1250 Cloyne Cathedral
1200s Monasterboice













1300 Ballymote Castle
1300 Roche Castle town
1300 Ormonde Castle
1305 Green Castle, County Donegal
1300s Tuam Cathedral
1400s Burnchurch Castle
1400s Donegal Castle
1400s Gallarus Castle
1400s Listowel Castle
1408 Shanganagh Castle
1425 Bunratty Castle
1430s Ashtown Castle
1436 Carrigaphooca Castle
1446 Blarney Castle
1467 Knappogue Castle
1480 Carrigaholt Castle
1480 Leamaneh Castle
1490 O'Dea Castle
1452 1860 Kilmore Cathedral
14651832 Kilcrea Friary
1st Kingdom of Scotland
843 - 1707
864
Alpin
848 - 1034 186
997 - 1005 8 Rí Alban An Donn,
"the Chief", "the Brown".
1005 - 34 29 Malcolm 2 (Maol Chaluim mac Choinnich) Máel Coluim mac Cináeda ^Kenneth 2
Dunkeld
1034 1286
252
1034 - 40 7 Duncan 1 (Donnchadh mac Crìonain) ^^ Rí Alban. "the Diseased" or "the Sick". Macbethportrayed in famous play by Shakespeare
1040 Duncan I of Scotland slain in battle. Macbeth succeeds him.
1040 - 57 18 Lulach Rí Alban Rí Deircc "the Red King" ^^^ Kenneth 3
1057 - 8 2 Rí Alban Tairbith, "the Unfortunate" Fatuus, "the Foolish" Malcolm III (Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh) Máel Coluim mac Donnchada Son of Duncan I
1058 - 93 35 Rí Alban/ Scottorum basileus? Cenn Mór ("Canmore") "Great Chief" Donald III (Dòmhnall mac Dhonnchaidh) Domnall mac Donnchada Son of Duncan I
1093 - 7 4 Rí Alban Bán, "the Fair". Duncan 2 (Donnchadh mac Mhaoil Chaluim) Donnchad mac Maíl CholuimSon of Malcolm III 1094 Rí Alba n/ Rex ScottorumEdgar (Eagar mac Mhaoil Chaluim) Étgar mac Maíl Choluim Son of Malcolm III
1st Kingdom of England
927 - 1649 722
978 - 1013 Æthelred Unready(first reign) 968 son of Edgar Peaceable and Ælfthryth (1) Ælflaed of Northumbria
four children (2) Aelgifu 991 six children (3) Emma of Normandy 1002 three children 1016 London aged about 48
1010 Oldest known copy of Beowulf epic poem
1st Denmark
1013 14
1
2nd Wessex
1014 - 6
2
1014 - 6 2 Æthelred Unready 2ndX 968 ^Edgar Peaceable & Ælfthryth =Ælflaed of Northumbria
4C, Aelgifu 6C, Emma of Normandy 3C X48
1016
Edmund Ironside ^ =Edith of East Anglia 2C X23
2nd Denmark
1016 - 42
26
1016 - 35 19 Canute Great X40 * England, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
^Sweyn Forkbeard & Gunhilda of Poland =Aelgifu of Northampton 990 1040 50 2C
=Emma of Normandy 985 1052 67
1015 - 6 1 Canute's conquest of England
1000s Eilmer of Malmesbury Benedictine monk who attempted flight with mechanical wings
970 - 1020 50 Byrhtferth Monk & Philosopher
? 1023 Wulfstan 2 Archbishop of York
1135 - 54 19 Anarchy is a period of civil war in England.
1035 Canute Great dies, and his kingdom of presentday Norway, England, and Denmark was split amongst three rivals to his throne.
1035 - 40 5 Harold Harefoot ^ Canute & Aelgifu of Northampton 1S X23
1040 St Michael at Northgate Oxford's oldest building
1040 - 2 2 Harthacanute ^ Canute & Emma of Normandy Unknownaged X24

3rd Wessex
1042 - 66
24
1042 - 66 24 Saint Edward Confessor ^Æthelred Unready =Edith of Wessex 0C X60
1175 - 1253 78 Robert Grosseteste Statesman, Theologian, Scientist, Bishop
990 - 1053 63 Godwin Earl of Wessex
1154 On December 19, Henry II is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.
? - 1055 Robert of Jumièges Archbishop of Canterbury
1065 Westminster Abbey
1066 Harold Godwinson ^Godwin, Earl of Wessex & Gytha Thorkelsdóttir X46 in battle =Edith Swannesha
6C Edith of Mercia York c.1064 two sons
1066 in Battle of Stamford Bridge, last AngloSaxon King Harold Godwinson defeated his brother Tostig Godwinson and Harold III of Norway.
1066 Edgar Atheling (Eadgar Æþeling) 1053 1125 Hungary son of Edward Exile and Agathaun married X72

1066 Edward Confessor dies; Harold Godwinson is killed in Battle of Hastings, while Norman conqueror is crowned William I of England.
? 1066 Tostig Godwinson Earl of Northumbria
Norman
1066 1154 
88
1066 87 21 William 1 "Bastard" "Conqueror" ^ Robert 1 Duke of Normandy & Herleva Matilda of Flanders X59 10X Supposedly named heir by Edward Confessor in 1052
1066 Haraldr Hardrada, king of Norway, is killed during an attempted invasion of England fighting against Harold Godwinsson, English king. PostHeathen Period
1066 England taken by Normandy. William I became ruler. Many significant changes made. William 1 "The Conqueror" ruled 21 years.
997 1069 72 Gytha Thorkelsdóttir =Godwin, Earl of Wessex
1069 Chester Castle
1070 William I of England commissioned Norman monk William of Jumièges to extend Gesta Normannorum Ducum chronicle.
1071 Oxford Castle
1071 Richmond Castle
1035 72 37 Hereward Wake Outlaw
1025 75 50 Edith of Wessex Queen of Wessex
1077 Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury
1078 Proslogion by Anselm of Canterbury.
1078 Tower of London Started by William Conqueror & son
1086 Domesday Book (Census) started
1087 1100 13 William 2 William Rufus (Guillaume le Roux) ^ William Conqueror & Matilda of Flanders unmarried X40
1088 Rebellion of 1088 against William 2 by Odo of Bayeux.
1005 89 84 Lanfranc Archbishop of Canterbury
1089 St Albans Cathedral
1214 94 80 Roger Bacon Franciscan, Philosopher, Scientist
1096 University of Oxford 1st lectures
1030s 97 60's Odo of Bayeux Bishop, Earl
? 1098 Gytha of Wessex wife of Vladimir 2 Monomakh
Mann & Isles
1079 1266 187
Kingdom of Powys
420 1160
750
1000s Peel Castle Isle of Man
1500s Rushen Castle Isle of Man
1070 1834 Canterbury Cathedral
1077 1893 St Albans Cathedral
1079 93 Winchester Cathedral
1079 1238 Rochester Cathedral
1080 1500 Newcastle Cathedral
1083 1375 Ely Cathedral
1086 1867 Leicester Cathedral
1089 1499 Gloucester Cathedral
1093 1133 Durham Cathedral
1093 1530s Chester Cathedral
1096 1145 Norwich Cathedral
1st Kingdom of Scotland
843 - 1707
864
Dunkeld
1034 - 1286
252
1097 - 1107 10 Alaxandair mac Maíl Choluim Alexander 1 Valiant ^Malcolm 2
1107 - 24 17 Dàibhidh mac Mhaoil Chaluim David 1 "The Fierce" ^Malcolm 3
1124 In April or May, David I is crowned King of Scots.
1124 53 29 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum "The Saint" Malcolm 4 (Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig) Máel Coluim mac Eanric Grandson of David I
1153 65 12 Rí Alban/ Rex Scottorum Virgo "The Maiden" Cenn Mór, "Great Chief" William 1 "the Lion" (Uilleam mac Eanraig) Uilliam mac Eanric Grandson of David I
1165 1214 49 Rí Alban / Rex Scottorum "The Lion" Garbh, "the Rough" Alexander 2 (Alasdair mac Uilleim) Alaxandair mac Uilliam Son of William 1
1174 On July 12, William I of Scotland is captured by English in Battle of Alnwick. He accepts feudal lordship of English crown and does ceremonial allegiance at York.
1st Kingdom of England
927 1649
722
Normand 1066 1154 88  
1100 1500 400 Roots of European Scholasticism are found in this period, as renewed spark of interest in literature and Classicism in Europe would bring about Renaissance. In 11th century, there were early Scholastic figures such as Anselm of Canterbury, Peter Abelard, Solomon ibn Gabirol, Peter Lombard, and Gilbert de la Porrée.
1100s Christian Humanism becomes a selfconscious philosophical tendency in Europe. Christianity is introduced to Estonia, Finland, and Karelia. first European universities are founded. Pierre Abelard teaches. Middle English begins to develop, and literacy begins to spread outside Church.[1] In addition, churchmen are increasingly willing to take on secular roles by end of century, at least a third of England's bishops also act as royal judges in secular matters. Ars antiqua period in history of Western European music begins. Durham Cathedral in England is completed and earliest recorded miracle play is performed in Dunstable, England. Gothic Architecture and trouvère music begin in France. In mid12th century, Cappella Palatina is built in Palermo, Sicily and Madrid Skylitzes manuscript illustrates Synopsis of Histories by John Skylitzes. Fire & plague insurance first become available in Iceland, and first documented outbreaks of influenza occur. medieval Serbian state is formed by Stefan Nemanja and continued by Nemanjić dynasty. By end of century, both Capetian Dynasty and House of Anjou are relying primarily on mercenaries in their militaries. Paid soldiers are available yearround, unlike knights who expect certain periods off to maintain their manors.
1100 35 35 Henry 1 Henry Beauclerc (Henri Beauclerc) < =Edith of Scotland 4C & Adeliza of Louvain 0C X67.
1101 Treaty of Alton Henry 1 & older brother Robert, Duke of Normandy in which Robert agrees to recognize Henry as king of England in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions. agreement temporarily ended a crisis in succession of AngloNorman kings.
1033 1109 76 Saint Anselm of Canterbury Abbot of Bec and Archbishop of Canterbury reputed founder of scholasticism and creator of ontological argument
1075 1115 40 Magnus Erlendsson Saint, Earl of Orkney, Scotland
1120 On November 25, William Adelin, only legitimate son of King Henry I of England, drowns in White Ship Disaster, leading to a succession crisis which would bring down Norman monarchy of England.
1135 54 19 Stephen of Blois (Étienne de Blois) Disputed ^Stephen, Count of Blois, & Adela of Normandy ^^ William 1. =Matilda of Boulogne 5C X58
1175 1140 65 Edmund of Abingdon Saint, Theologian, Archbishop of Canterbury
? 1148 Robert de Bethune Bishop of Hereford
1141 54 13 Empress Matilda ^ Henry 1 & Edith of Scotland. X75 in 1167 @ Sutton Courtenay=Henry 5, Holy Roman Emperor0C, Geoffrey 5 Count of Anjou 3C
1095 1143 48 William of Malmesbury Historian
1150 Blast Furnace imported from China, appearing around Lapphyttan, Sweden
1153 Treaty of Wallingford (Treaty of Winchester, Treaty of Westminster), effectively ends civil war caused by a dispute between Empress Matilda and her cousin King Stephen of England over English crown, in which Stephen recognises Matilda's son Henry of Anjou as his heir.
Plantagenet
1154 1399 245
1154 - 89 35 Henry 2 Henry Curtmantle (Henri Courtmanteau) ^ Geoffrey of Anjou & Matilda =Eleanor of Aquitaine 8C X56.
1100 - 55 55 Christina of Markyate Prioress of St. Albans Abbey
1155 Pope Adrian 4 grants overlordship of Ireland to Henry II of England in bull Laudabiliter.
1110 - 67 57 Aelred Saint, Monk, Writer
1118 - 70 52 Thomas A. Becket High Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury. X
1118 - 70 52 Thomas Becket Saint, Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor
1138 - 71 33 Conan 4 Younger Duke of Brittany
1171 Henry 2 lands in Ireland to assert his claim as Lord of Ireland.
1128 80 52 Lawrence O'Toole Saint, Archbishop of Dublin
1170 - 83 13 Henry Young ^ =Margaret of France 1C X28
1175 Treaty of Windsor is signed by King Henry II of England and High King of Ireland, Rory O'Connor
1189 - 99 10 Richard 1 Lionheart (Richard Cœur de Lion) < =Berengaria of Navarre 0C X41
1083 - 1190 107 Gilbert of Sempringham Saint, founder of Gilbertines
1193 1st Known Merchant Guild
Kingdom of Deheubarth
909 - 1197 288
1155 - 97 42 Rhys ap Gruffydd Lord Rhys
1197 - 1201 4 Gruffydd ap Rhys 2
1199 - 1230 31 Maelgwn ap Rhys
1216 - 34 18 Rhys Gryg
1234 - 44 10 Rhys Mechyll Cantref Mawr only
1244 - 71 27 Maredudd ap Rhys Gryg Cantref Maw ronly
1271 - 83 12 Rhys ap MareduddCantref Mawr only, then from 1287 in rebellion, executed 1292
1192 - 7 5 On Rhys ap Gruffydd's death in kingdom was split between several of his sons, and Deheubarth did not again rival power of Gwynedd.
Kingdom of Powys Wenwynwyn
1160 - 1283
123
1160 - 95 35 Owain Cyfeiliog =^ of Owain Gwynedd Abdicated
1106 1897 Southwark Cathedral
1108 1300 Southwell Minster Cathedral
1108 Chichester Cathedral
1110 1250 Hereford Cathedral
1112 1400 Exeter Cathedral
1118 1237 Peterborough Cathedral
1120 1290 Llandaff Cathedral
1160 1200 Oxford Cathedral
1160 1547 Ripon Cathedral
1180 1991 Portsmouth Cathedral
1181 1250s St David's Cathedral
1185 1311 Lincoln Cathedral
1195 1340 Lichfield Cathedral
1136 97 Glasgow Cathedral
1132 1539 Fountains Abbey
11521538 Kirkstall Abbey













1st Kingdom of Scotland
843 - 1707
864
Dunkeld
1034 1286
252
1214 49 35 Rí Alban Rex Scottorum Alexander 3 Alasdair mac Alasdair Alaxandair mac Alaxandair ^Alexander 2
1249 86 37 Rí Alban Rex Scottorum

Fairhair disputed
1286 90 4
1283 90 7 Margaret Maid of Norway disputed ^Alexander 3

1st Interregnum
1290 2
2
Balliol
1292 6
4
1292 6 4 John de Balliol Toom Tabard ("Empty Cloak") (Iain Balliol) greatgrandson of David of Huntingdon (brother of William I)c.1249 1292
Abdicated November 1314
1st Kingdom of England
927 1649
722
Plantagenet 1154 1399 245
1199 1216 17 John Lackland (Jean sans Terre) Disputed < =Isabel of Gloucester 0C Isabella of Angoulême 5C X49
1135 1200 65 Hugh of Lincoln Saint, bishop
1161 1201 40 Constance Duchess of Brittany
1213 4 1 AngevinFlanders War
1215 Magna Carta
1180 1260 80 Robin Hood
Robin and Marian 1976
Robin Hood 2010
1200 Westminster Abbey
1215 7 2 1st Barons' War civil war in Kingdom of England, between a group of rebellious barons—led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under future Louis 8 of France—and King John of England
1216 22 6 Louis Lion X39 1226
1216 72
56 Henry 3 Henry of Winchester 1207 1272 ^John
1157 1217 70 Alexander Neckam Scholar, Teacher, 1st European to document mariner's compass, first documented by Shen Kuo in previous century.
1147 1219 72 William Marshal 1st Earl of Pembroke, England. Knight, Statesman
1185 1245 60 Alexander of Hales Philosopher, Theologian
1197 1253 56 Richard of Chichester Saint, Bishop
1264 7 3 2nd Barons' War
1271 Edward I of England and Charles of Anjou arrive in Acre, starting Ninth Crusade against Baibars.
1272 1307 35 Edward 1 Longshanks ^ X76
1225 74 49 Thomas Aquinas Saint, Theologian
1272 1305 43 William Wallace Scottish freedom fighter
Brave Heart 1995
1284 Peterhouse, Cambridge founded by Hugo de Balsham, Bishop of Ely.
1296 1328 32 1st War of Scottish Independence
Kingdom of Powys Wenwynwyn
1160 1283 123
Kingdom of Powys Fadog
1160 1277
117
1160 91 31 Gruffydd Maelor
1540 50 10 Westminster Abbey built.
1470 83 13 Princes in Tower, Edward V of England and his brother, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York
1473 83 10 2 sons of Edward 4 of England and Elizabeth Woodville.
1092 1154 62 Stephen of England, king and Duke of Normandy
1256 Channel Islands Cornet Guernsey Castle
1200 1520 Chelmsford Cathedral
1200 1966 Sheffield Cathedral
1200 1966 Wells Cathedral
1200s 1935 St Asaph Cathedral
1215 Brecon Cathedral
1220 1320 Salisbury Cathedral
1220 1386 Worcester Cathedral
1230 1472 York Minster
1298 1332 Bristol Cathedral Abby
1200 Church of Virgin Mary Ashill, SomersetAshill church
1200s Church of Holy Cross at Bignor









1st Kingdom of Scotland
843 1707
864
2nd Interregnum
1296 1306
10
1300 Chimneys & Window Glass Introduced in London
Bruce
1306 71
65
1306 29 23 Robert 1 Good (Roibert a Briuis) ^^^^ David of Huntingdon <William 1 X55
1314 Battle at Bannockburn Robert Bruce defeats armies of Edward 1 and gains Scottish independence.
1328 England recognizes Scottish independence Robert Bruce King
1329 71 40 David 2 (Dàibhidh Bruis) ^ 1324 71 47 =Joan of Tower aka Joan of England 1321 62 41 ^Edward 2 of England & Isabella of France
Stewart
1371 1567
196
1371 90 19 Robert 2 Steward ^^Robert 1
1320 84 64 John Wickliffe Yorkshire
1390 1406 16 Robert 3 Lame b John Stewart ^Robert 2
1st Kingdom of England
927 1649
722
Plantagenet
1154 1399 245
1300s Transition from Medieval Warm Period to Little Ice Age
1307 27 20 Edward 2 ^ X43
Edward II 1991
1315 8 3 IrishBruce Wars
1327 77 50 Edward 3 ^ 1312 77 65
1287 1330 43 Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Nobleman, was for three years de facto ruler of England, after leading a successful rebellion against Edward 2.
1285 1347 62 William of Ockham Franciscan Friar, Philosopher
1332 57 25 2nd War of Scottish Independence
1295 1358 63 Isabella of France, queen consort and regent of Kingdom of England
1336 Hundred Years' War between France and England begins.
1348 Oldest Known Clock was put up in this year. It is now in Dover Castle.
1348 50 2 Black Plague
1377 99 22 Richard 2 X33 in 1400. ^^
1380 Wickliffe's Bible Translated
1381 1540 59 Lollardy Movement
1381 Peasants' Revolt
1383 5 2 Crisis
1332 86 54 William Langland is conjectured author of English dreamvision Piers Plowman.
1387 Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
1350 1725 Derby Cathedral

1st Kingdom of Scotland
843 1707
864
Stewart
1371 1567
196
1343 1400 57 Geoffrey Chaucer Author, Poet, Philosopher, Bureaucrat, Courtier, Diplomat.
1400s Scotch whisky
1406 37 31 James 1,
(Seumas I Stiùbhairt) son of Robert 3 1394 1437
1410 3 3 St Andrews University Scotland
1424 James 1 returns to Scotland after being held hostage under three Kings of England since 1406
1368 1426 58 Thomas Occleve Poet
1437 60 23 James 2 Fiery Face ^ X30
1460 88 28 James 3,
^James 2 1452 1488
1477 Printing introduced in England.
1488 1513 25 James 4,
^ James 3 1473 1513
1st Kingdom of England
927 1649
722
Lancaster 1 1399 1461 62
1400s Rise of Modern English language from Middle English.
1400s Psychiatric Hospitals
1399 1413 14 Henry 4 Bolingbroke 1366/71413 grandson and heir male of Edward 3
(usurpation/agnatic primogeniture)
1413 22 9 Henry 5 20 March 1386 1422 ^
Henry V 1989 1945
1415 Battle of Agincourt fought between Kingdom of England and France
1422 61 39 Henry 6 1stX ^ X50
1440 Eton College
1385 1445 60 Leonel Power Composer
1370  1451 81 John Lydgate Monk, Poet
1390 1453 63 John Dunstaple, English composer of polyphonic music.
1453 Battle of Castillon Last engagement of Hundred Years' War
1st battle in Europe where cannons were major deciding factor
1455 85 30 Wars of Roses Civil war between House of York and House of Lancaster.
1395 1460 65 Reginald Pecock Prelate, Writer
1st York
1461 70
9
From 4th surviving son of Edward 3, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.
1461 70 9 Edward 4 1stX X41 ^^^^ Edward 3
2nd Lancaster
1470 1
1
1470 1 Henry 6 (second reign)14211471son of Henry 5 (seizure of crown)
1405 71 66 Sir Thomas Malory Writer, author or compiler of Le Morte d'Arthur.
2nd York
1471 85
14
1471 83 Edward 4 2ndX
1430 79 49 Robert Morton Composer
1483 Edward 5 ^ X13
1483 5 2 Richard 3 X33 ^^^^ Edward 3
Richard 3 1955
Looking for Richard 1996
1485 Battle of Bosworth Henry 7 VS Richard 3
1420 1st Saw Mill Initially violently opposed to it in England.
1455 85 30 Wars of Roses
  1471 1530 59 Thomas Wolsey Cardinal
1400s Channel Islands Grosnez Castle Jersey
1450 Channel Islands Gorey & Mount Orgueil Castle
1421 1882 Manchester Cathedral
1458 Bradford Nave Archades Cathedral
1462 Gibraltar Roman Catholic Cathedral
1462 Cathedral of St. Mary Crowned Consecrated Gibralter
1400s York Bathhouse



Sigrid Haughty, wife of Sweyn I of Denmark
1000s Borgeby Castle
1000 - 1050 LindholmHoje web
1st Kingdom of Denmark
710 - 1397
887
Estridsen
1047 - 1332 285
1104 - 34 30 Niels < = Margaret Fredkulla 2S & Margaret Fredkulla 0C X68
1080s - 1120s 40 Erik Gnupsson, Bishop of Greenland
1134 - 7 3 Eric 2 Memorable ^ Eric 1 = Malmfred of Kiev 0C X 46
1137 - 46 9 Eric 3 Lamb abdicated ^ Hakon Sunnivasson and Ragnhild Eriksdatter = Lutgard of Salzwedel 0C X25
1146 - 57 11 Sweyn 3 Grathe ^ Eric 2 = Adela of Meissen 2C X31
1146 - 57 11 Canute 5 ^ Magnus 1 of Sweden & Richeza of Poland = Helena of Sweden 0C X27
1146 - 82 36 Valdemar 1 Great
^ Canute Lavard & Ingeborg of Kiev = Sophia of Minsk 8C X51
1150 Nordborg Castle
1158 Soenderborg Castle
1160 - 84 24 DanishSlavic Wars
1167 Absalon Castle
1168 Denmark Conqueres Arkona on Island of Rügen, strongest pagan fortress and temple in Northern Europe.
1182 - 1202 20 Canute 6 ^ = Gertrude of Bavaria 0C X 38
1193 Nyborg Castle
1100s Clausholm Castle
11 - 1200s Roskilde Cathedral
1134 Ribe Cathedral


Danish Empire
1200s - 1953
753
1st Kingdom of Denmark
710 - 1397
887
Estridsen
1047 - 1332 285
1st Kingdom of Denmark
710 - 1397
887
Estridsen
1047 - 1332 285
1286 - 1319 33 Eric 6 Menved ^ = Ingeborg of Sweden 14C X44
1313 Kaloe Castle
1320 - 6 6 Christopher 2 desposed < = Euphemia of Pomerania 6C X55
1326 - 9 3 Valdemar 3 desposed ^ Eric 2 Duke of Schleswig & Adelheid of Holstein = Richardis of Lauenburg 2S X49
1329 - 32 3 Christopher 2 restored
Interregnum
1332 - 40
8
1340
1340 - 75 35 Valdemar 4 Atterdag ^ = Helvig of Schleswig 6C X54
1376 - 87 11 Olaf 2
^^ 0= X16
1376 - 1412 36 Margaret 1 de facto ^ Valdemar 4 = Haakon 6 of Norway 1S X58
1390s - 1731 Copenhagen Castle
1397 Becomes Kalmar Union Uniting Norway, Sweden & Denmark
Kalmar Union
1397 1523
126
Copenhagen
Roman Catholicism
Feudal monarchies in personal union
1376 1412 36 Margaret 1 de facto ^ Valdemar 4 = Haakon 6 of Norway 1S X58
1399 Budolfi Church
Kalmar Union
1397 - 1523
126
1397 - 1439 42 Eric 7 deposed ^ Wartislaw 7 Duke of Pomerania & Mary of MecklenburgSchwerin = Philippa of England 0C X76
1400s Hvedholmslot Castle
1419 Klosterkirken Castle
1420s Kronborg Castle
1440 - 8 9 Christopher 3 ^ John Count Palatine of Neumarkt & Catherine of Pomerania = Dorothea of Brandenburg
0C X 31
1539 - 55 Aalborghus Castle
1448 - 81 33 Christian 1 ^ Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg & Helvig of Schauenburg Dorothea of Brandenburg 5C X55
1470 - 1 DanoSwedish War
1481 - 1513 32 John ^3 Christina of Saxony 5C X 58
1470 Maribo Abbey
Kingdom of Norway
862 Present 1149
Jarls
1000 - 15
15
1000 - 15 15 Sveinn Hákonarson
1000 - 12 12 Eiríkr Hákonarson
1107 11 4 Sigurd 1 of Norway becomes first king in Europe to embark on a crusade to Holy Land. He fought in Lisbon, on various Mediterranean isles, and helped King of Jerusalem to take Sidon from Muslims.
1012 15 3 Håkon Eiriksson
1015 Battle of Nesjar in Oslofjord, Norway, forces of Olav Haraldsson fought forces of Sveinn Hákonarson, with a victory ofr Olav.
Fairhair
1015 - 1162
147
1015 - 28 13 Olaf 2 Saint Olaf
970 - 1020 50 Leif Eriksson 1st European explorer in North America
1028 - 35 7 Canute Great
Jarls
1028 9
1
1028 - 9 1 Håkon Eiriksson
Fairhair
1015 1162
147
1030 - 5 5 Svein
1030 LadejarlFairhair succession wars Norway
1030 Battle of Stiklestad (Norway): Olav Haraldsson loses to his pagan vassals and is killed in battle. He is later canonized and becomes patron saint of Norway and Rex perpetuum Norvegiae ('the eternal king of Norway').
1035 - 47 12 Magnus 1
1045 - 66 21 Harald 3 claimnant to thrones of Denmark and England
1066 - 9 3 Magnus 2
1067 - 93 26 Olaf 3
1070 2001 Nidaros Cathedral
1093 - 4 1 Haakon Magnusson
1093 - 1103 10 Magnus 3
Scandinavian Empire
1016 - 35 19
Scandinavia Not specified See also Viking expansion.
1070 - 2001 Nidaros Cathedral
Kingdom of Norway
862 - Present 1149
Fairhair
1015 - 1162
147
1103 - 15 12 Olaf Magnusson
1103 - 23 20 Eystein 1
1103 - 30 27 Sigurd 1
1130 95 years comes to an end for Norway as civil wars between members of Harald Fa irhair's family line rage for remainder of century.
1130 - 5 5 Magnus 4
1130 - 6 6 Harald 4
1136 - 55 19 Sigurd 2
1136 - 57 21 Eystein 2
1136 - 61 25 Inge 1
1157 - 62 5 Haakon 2
Hardrada
1161 - 84
23
1161 - 84 23 Magnus 5
1163 Law of Succession
1180 Historia de antiquitate regum Norwagiensium by Theodoricus Monachus
Sverre
1184 - 1204
20
1184 - 1202 18 Sverre
1120 - 88 68 Eysteinn Erlendsson Saint, Bishop of Nidaros
1183 Sverresborg Castle
1100 - 50 Stavanger Cathedral
1181 - 1550s Bergen Cathedral
Kingdom of Norway
862 - Present 1149
Sverre
1184 - 1204 20
1202 - 4 2 Haakon 3
1204 Guttorm Sigurdsson
Gille
1204 - 17
13
1204 - 17 13 Inge 2
Sverre
1217 - 1319
102
1217 - 63 46 Haakon 4
Norway Prospers & dominates Scandinavian politics.
1226 Tristams Saga produced by translating Tristan of Thomas of Brittany per request of King Hakon Hakonarsson.
1240 - 57 17 Haakon Young
1257 - 80 23 Magnus 6
1273 - 99 26 Eric 2
1240s Bergenhus Fortress
1286 Audunborg Castle
1290s Akershus Fortress
1252 - 1861 Tromsø Cathedral
Kingdom of Norway
862 Present 1149
Sverre
1217 - 1319
102
1299 - 1319 20 Haakon5
1306 Vardøhus Fortress
1308 Bohus Fortress
Bjelbo 1319 - 87 68
1319 - 43 24 Magnus Eriksson
1343 - 55 12 Håkon 6 Magnusson Under Sweden
1355 - 80 25 Håkon 6 Magnusson Independant
1380 - 7 7 Olav 4 Håkonsson
Non Dynastic
1388 - 9
1
1388 - 9 1 Margaret 1 Union with Denmark & Sweden
Griffins
1389 - 1442
53
Kingdom of Norway
862 - Present 1149
Griffins
1389 - 1442
53
1389 - 1442 53 Eric 3 of Pomerania
Sudrein
1439 - 42
3
1439 - 42 3 Sigurd Jonsson Regent in Union with Sweden & Denmark
Wittlesbach
1442 - 8
6
1442 - 8 6 Christopher of Bavaria Union with Denmark & Sweden
Interregnum
1448 - 9
1
Sigurd Jonsson Regent
Bonde
1449 - 50
1
Charles 1 Karl Knutsson Bonde of Sweden
Oldenburg
1450 - 81
31
Christian 1 Under Union w/ Denmark & Sweden
Interregnum
1481 - 3 2
Jon Svaleson Regent
Oldenburg
1483 - 1814
331
1483 1513 30 John
1000s Kärnan Castle
1080 Bosjökloster Castle
1085 Cathedral School (Katedralskolan) in Lund, Sweden, is founded by Canute 4 of Denmark . school is oldest in northern Europe, and one of oldest in Europe.
1000 Sigtuna City Founded
1100s Hovdala Castle
1100s Kalmar Castle
1100s Linköping Castle
1100s Näs Castle
1100s Nyköping Castle
1187 Swedish Royal & Commercial Center Sigtuna Attacked by BalticFinnish raiders from Couronia and Estonia.
? 1156 Henry (Bishop of Uppsala, Sweden), Saint
1100s Diocese of Växjö Created Cathedral
1104 - 1899 Lund Cathedral
1164 Gamla Uppsala Capital of Swedish Archbishopric
1260 Stockholm founded
1200 - 66 66 Birger Jarl Statesman, Earl, Founder of Stockholm
1200s Bäckaskog Castle
1200s Borgholm Castle
1200s Börringe Abbey
1200s Hörningsholm Castle
1200s Lindholmen Castle
1272 Ängsö Castle
12871300 Varberg Fortress
1298 Läckö Castle
1200s 1435 Uppsala Cathedral
1200s Skara Cathedral
1200s Storkyrkan Cathedral
1230 1420 Linköping Cathedral
1271 Västerås Cathedral Founded
1296 Strängnäs Cathedral
121400 Alsnö hus Castle
1287 Kaggeholm Palace at Helgö




1321 2 1 Swedish–Novgorodian Wars
1300s Barsebäck Castle
1300s Bjärsjöholm Castle
1300s Dybäck Castle
1300s Knutstorp Castle
1300s Krapperup Castle
1300s Södertuna Castle
1304 Dalaborg Castle
1308 Bohus Castle
1330s Penningby Castle
1340s Nynäs Castle









1400s Bergkvara Castle
1400s Borgeby Castle
1400s Djursholm Castle
1400s Ekenäs Castle
1400s Ellinge Castle
1400s Näsbyholm Castle
1400s Örup Castle
1400s Tosterup Castle
1400s Wanås Castle
1405 Osbyholm Castle
1444 Kronoberg Castle
1460 Görvälns Castle
1499 Glimmingehus Castle
   
1200 Stenberga Castle Finland
1250 Hame Castle 2nd Swedish Crusade
1290s Turku Castle
1293 Olav Castle
1300 Hakoisten Castle
1300 Kuusisto Castle
1300s Kastelholm Castle
1370s Korsholms Castle
1300 Turku Cathedral
1420 - 50 Porvoo Cathedral
1485 - 90 Espoo Cathedral
 
1147 - 1242 95 Northern Crusades in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Prussia. Conflicts distinct from those of Crusades
Danish Dutchy of Estonia
1219 - 1346
127
@ Reval (Tallinn)
Danish, Estonian, Low German
Roman Catholicism
1200s Toompea Castle Tallin
? 1217 Lembitu, Estonian ruler
1208 - 1227 9 Estonian Crusade
1211 Lihula Castle
1224 Viljandi Castle
1252 Rakvere Castle
1265 - 6 Paide Castle
Danish Dutchy of Estonia
1219 - 1346
127
Reval (Tallinn)
Danish, Estonian, Low German
Roman Catholicism
1300 Hermann Castle
1300s Vasknarva Castle
1350 - 1400 50 Vao Castle
1380s Kuressaare Castle
1400 Angerja Castle
Eldership of Bandava
1000 - 1253
253
Kuldīga
Ancient Curonian
Principality
Eldership of Bandava
1000 - 1253
253
@ Kuldīga
Ancient Curonian
Principality
Polotsk Principality of Koknese
1180s - 1206
20ish
Koknese
Latgalian, Selonian
Orthodox Church
Principality of Principality of Polotsk
Archbishopric of Riga
1186 - 1561
75
@ Riga
Latin, Low German, Livonian,
Latvian
Monarchy
Bishopric of Livonia
1186 - 1255
69
1186 96 10 Saint Meinhard
1196 8 2 Berthold of Hanover
1199 1229 30 Albert of Riga
Eldership of Bandava
1000 - 1253
253
@ Kuldīga
Ancient Curonian
Principality
Polotsk Principality of Koknese
1180s - 1206
20ish
Koknese
Latgalian, Selonian
Orthodox Church
Principality of Principality of Polotsk
Archbishopric of Riga
1186 - 1561
75
@ Riga
Latin, Low German, Livonian,
Latvian
Monarchy
Bishopric of Livonia
1186 - 1255
69
1199 1229 30 Albert of Riga
1229 53 24 Nikolaus of Nauen
Archbishopric of Riga
1255 - 61
6
1245 - 73 28 Albert Suerbeer
1273 - 84 11 Johannes 1 of Lune
1285 - 94 9 Johannes 2 of Vechten
1294 - 1300 6 Johannes 3 of Schwerin
Terra Mariana
1207 - 1561
354
@
Holy Roman Empire
1207 - 15
8
Papal States
1215 - 1561
346
1200s Embūte Castle
1209 Cēsis Castle
1209 Daugavgrīva castle
1210 Koknese Castle
1214 Turaida Castle
1253 Grobiņa Castle
1262 Rauna Castle
1270s Ventspils Castle
1285 Rēzekne Castle
1211 Riga Cathedral
1225 St. James's Cathedral, Riga Dedicated
Archbishopric of Riga
1186 - 1561
75
@ Riga
Latin, Low German, Livonian,
Latvian
Monarchy
Archbishopric of Riga
1255 - 61
6
1300 - 2 2 Isarnus Tacconi of Fontièsd'Aude
1303 - 10 7 Jens Grand
titular, never came to Riga
1304 - 41 37 Friedrich von Pernstein
1341 - 7 6 Engelbert von Dolen
1348 - 69 21 Bromhold von Vyffhusen
1370 - 4 4 Siegfried Blomberg
1374 - 93 19 Johannes 4 von Sinten
1393 - 1418 25 Johannes 5 von Wallenrodt
1300s Jaunpils Castle
1300s Ludza Castle
1318 Dundaga Castle
1330 Riga Castle
1339 Dobele Castle
1342 Alūksne Castle





Archbishopric of Riga
1186 - 1561
75
@ Riga
Latin, Low German, Livonian,
Latvian
Monarchy
Archbishopric of Riga
1255 - 61
6
1393 - 1418 25 Johannes 5 von Wallenrodt
1418 - 24 6 Johannes 6 Ambundi
1424 - 48 24 Henning Scharpenberg
1448 - 79 31 Silvester Stodewescher
1479 - 84 5 Sede vacante (empty seat)
1484 - 1509 25 Michael Hildebrand
1509 - 24 5 Jasper Linde
1524 - 7 3 Johannes 7 Blankenfeld
1528 - 39 11 Thomas Schöning
1539 - 63 24 Wilhelm von Brandenburg
1456 Bauska Castle
 
1100s Rokantiškės Castle
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1200 - 1569
369
Vilnius
Mindaugas
1236 - 85
49
1236 - 63 27 Mindaugas killed by v< Treniota * in 53
1252 Klaipėda Castle
1263 - 4 1 Treniota
1264 - 7 3 Vaišvilkas ^Mindaugas Abdicated.
1267 - 2 2 Shvarn =^
1269 - 82 13 Traidenis
1282 - 5 3 Daumantas
Gediminas
1285 - 1440
155
1285 - 91 6 Butigeidis
1291 - 5 4 Butvydas
1295 - 1316 21 Vytenis ^
Kingdom of Lithuania
1251 63
12
1251 63 12 Mindaugas 1
& 1918

1251 1783 Vilnius Cathedral
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1200 - 1569
369
Vilnius
Gediminas
1285 - 1440
155
1295 - 1316 21 Vytenis ^
13 - 1400s Eišiškės Castle
1300 Medininkai Castle
1300s - 1409 Trakai Island Castle done
1300s Vilnius Castle Complex
1316 - 41 25 Gediminas <
1321 Senieji Trakai Castle
1341 - 5 4 Jaunutis ^ Deposed
1343 Panemunė Castle
1345 - 77 32 Algirdas <
1350 - 77 Trakai Peninsula Castle
1350s Kaunas Castle
1377 - 81 4 Jogaila ^ * of Poland in 1386. Deposed
1381 - 2 1 Kęstutis ^Gediminas Deposed
1382 - 92 10 Jogaila 2ndX
1392 Raudondvaris Castle
1392 - 1430 38 Vytautas Great ^Kęstutis
1346 - 8 Theotokos Cathedral Vilnius
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1200 - 1569
369
Vilnius
Largest state in Europe in 1400's.
Gediminas
1285 - 1440
155
1392 - 1430 38 Vytautas Great ^Kęstutis
1409 - 1411 Polish Lithuanian Teutonic War
1413 Dubingiai Castle
1413 - 1732 Kaunas Cathedral Basilica
1430 2 2 Švitrigaila ^Algirdas Deposed
1431 - 5 4 Lithuanian Civil War
1432 - 40 8 Sigismund Kęstutaitis ^Kęstutis Deposed
Jagiellon
1440 - 1569
129
1440 - 92 52 Casimir 4 Jagiellon ^Jogaila *Poland 1447
1492 - 1506 14 Alexander 1 ^ *Poland 1501
1492 - 4 2 1st Muscovite–Lithuanian War