1000s
1100s
1200s
1300s
1400s
 
Ghana Empire Mauritania 900 - 1240 340
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mali Empire Mali 1235 - 1610 375
 
Songhai
 
 
 
 
 
 
Songhai Empire Niger 1340 - 1591 251
   
Kingdom of Nri Nigeria 1043 - 1911 868
 
KanemBornu Kingdom Nigeria 1075 - 1846 771
 
Benin Kingdom Nigeria 1180 - 1897 717
 
Bornu Nigeria 1376 - 1893 517
 
Yoruba Nigeria
1000s
1100s
1200s
1300s
1400s
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Portuguese Cape Verde
1462 - 1975
513
1456 Cape Verde discovered by Alvise Cadamosto
1462 - 1770 308 Ribeira Grande Cidade Velha
1770 - 1975 205 Praia
Portuguese
Colony
Hodh region of Mauritania becomes desert.
   
1300 - 1700s 400s Chinguetti Mosque Mauritania
 
   
Oualo Kingdom
1287 - 1855 568
Senegal
Saalum Kingdom
1490s - Present
521
Senegal. From Gaabu. Eclipsed by Kaolack
         
       
Portuguese Guinea
1474 - 1974
500
Bissau
Portuguese
Colony; Overseas territory ; State
Portuguese Guinean escudo
         
         
KanemBornu
1075 - 1846
771
@
       
600 - 1500 900 Extensive slave trade from subSaharan Africa to Mediterranean
       
Mali Empire expands westward and conquers Tekrur.
Kingdom of Djenne
200 BC - 1400 AD
1600
0*
Mali Empire
1235 - 1610
375
Keita
Niani, Kaba, Mali. Mandinka empire founded by Sundiata Keita.
1330 University of Timbuktu
Songhai Kingdom
1340 - 1591
251
Gao
Askiya
1493 - 1591
97
of Songhai Empire West Africa
1591 Decline of Songhay afer defeat by Moroccans
Songhai
1340 - 1591 251
Askiya
1493 - 1591 98
Gao, Niger. Islamic_Flag L Songhai of Songhai Empire West Africa 1500 1.4M KM 1550 800K KM Former vassal of Mali Empire which became one of largest African empires in history.
Mali Empire
1235 - 1610
375
Sundiata Keita semihistorical founder of Mali Empire
1327 Djinguereber Mosque Mali
Mali Empire
1235 - 1610
375
? 1492 Sunni Ali Ber
1492 death of Sunni Ali Ber left a leadership void in Songhai Empire, Mali and his son was soon dethroned by Mamadou Toure who ascended throne in 1492 under name Askia (meaning "general") Muhammad. Askia Muhammad made Songhai largest empire in history of West Africa. empire went into decline, however, after 1528, when nowblind Askia Muhammad was dethroned by his son, Askia Musa.
? 1347 Mansa Musa, King of Mali Empire while it was source of almost half world's gold.
Songhai Kingdom
1340 - 1591
251
@ Gao, Niger. 1500 1.4M KM 1550 800K KM
1493 1582 89 Expansion

         
         
Ghana Empire
900 - 1240 340
1076 Ghana Empire is attacked by Almoravids, who sack capital of Koumbi Saleh, ending rule of king Tunka Manin
 
1224 Decline of Ghana Kingdom
Mankessim Kingdom
1252 - 1873 621
   
         
 
Benin
1100 - 1897 797
     
         
Nri Kingdom
948 - 1911
963
IgboUkwu
Odinanim religion, Igbo Language

Post Eri Period
1043 - 1936
893

1043 - 89 46 Eze Nri Ìfikuánim
Sine
1100 1969 969
Hausa found several citystates in south of modern Niger.
KanemBornu expands southward into modern Nigeria.
first of seven Hausa citystates are founded in Nigeria.
Tuareg migrate to Aïr region, Niger.
Nri Kingdom
948 - 1911
963

Post Eri Period
1043 - 1936
893

1090 - 1158 68 Eze Nri Nàmóke Diodo
Benin
1180 - 1897 717
West Africa
Nri Kingdom
948 - 1911
963

Post Eri Period
1043 - 1936
893

1159 - 1259 100 Eze Nri Buífè Obeago Unified Ọfọ N’alọ Agukwu and Diodo
1260 - 99 39 Eze Nri omalo Uruoji
Nri Kingdom
948 - 1911
963

Post Eri Period
1043 - 1936
893

1300 - 90 90 Eze Nri Jiofo 1 Uruoji
Ngazargamu, Nigeria. & Chad, Niger, Cameroon. Islamic_Flag #5M 1892. 1800 50K KM 1892 129.5 K KM Continuation of Kanem Empire

Nri Kingdom
948 - 1911
963

Post Eri Period
1043 - 1936
893

1391 - 1464 73 Eze Nri Omalonyeso Obeagu
1465 - 1511 46 Eze Nri Anyamata Uruoji
Oyo
1400 - 1905 505
Southwestern Nigeria OyoIle
Yoruba
1400 - Present
611
West Africa
1462 Sonni Ali Ber, ruler of Songhai (or Songhay) Empire, along Niger River, conquered Mali in central Sudan by defeating Tuareg contingent at Tombouctou (or Timbuktu) and capturing city. He developed both his own capital, Gao, and main centres of Mali, Timbuktu and Djenné, into major cities. Ali Ber controlled trade along Niger River with a navy of war vessels.
1400s - 1960s 560s Great Kano Mosque Nigeria