1000s
1100s
1200s
1300s
1400s
Holy Roman Empire 843 1806
 
100 Years War 1337 1453 116
N Europe
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1000s century industrial fulling mills, gristmills, hullers, sawmills, shipmills, stamp mills, steel mills, sugar mills, tide mills and windmills in operation
? 1026 Adalbold 2 of Utrecht, Dutch Bishop of Utrecht & mathematician
1000s Burcht van Leiden
1080 Heeswijk Castle
1185 1st Record of Windmills
1115 Valkenburg castle
1164 Lunenburg Castle
1199 Rhoon Castle
1300s Knitting
1200s Doornenburg Castle
1200s Jansgeleen Castle
1200s Slot Zuylen
1200s Wisch Castle
1226 Duivenvoorde Castle
1244 Landsfort Heerlen
1250 - 85 Brederode Castle
1250 - 1300 Huis ter Kleef Castle
1253 Waardenburg Castle
1260 Doorwerth Castle
1270 Duurstede Castle
1280 Haamstede Castle
1280 Muiderslot
1286 Slot Heemstede
1220 - 1530 St. John's Cathedral, 'sHertogenbosch











1300 Ammersoyen Castle
1300 Schierstins Castle
1300s Bergh Castle
1315 Bad weather and crop failures result in famines across northwestern Europe. A mixture of war, famine and plague in the Late Middle Ages reduce the population by half.
1300s Nemerlaer Castle
1300s Verhildersum Castle
1357 97 Slot Loevestein
1360 Hoensbroek Castle
1375 Huys Dever Castle
1400s Croy Castle
1440 - 83 43 Hugo van der Goes Painter.
1475 - 1505 30 Jean Hey "Master of Moulins" Painter
1385 - 1416 31 Herman, Paul & Johan Limbourg Renaissance Miniature Painters from Nijmegen
1430 - 94 64 Hans Memling Early Netherlandish painter, born in Germany.
 1375 - 1444 69 Robert Campin the Master of Flémalle, first great master of Early Netherlandish painting.
1410 - 76 66 Petrus Christus, Early Netherlandish painter.
1460 - 1523 63 Gerard David Early Netherlandish painter and manuscript illuminator known for his brilliant use of color.
1420 - 70 50 Barthélemy d'Eyck  was an Early Netherlandish artist who worked in France and probably in Burgundy Early Netherlandish painter and manuscript illuminator. He was active between about 1440 to about 1469.
1410 - 75 65 Dirk Bouts Painter
1399 - 1464 65 Rogier van der Weyden, considered one of the greatest exponents of Early Netherlandish painting.
1395 - 1441 46 Jan van Eyck Early Netherlandish painter, considered one of the best Northern European painters of the 15th century.
1460 - 1519 69 Juan de Flandes, Early Netherlandish painter who was active in Spain from 1496 to 1519 at the court of Isabella I of Castile.
1481 1st Pound Lock in Europe reportedly built in Vreeswijk, Netherlands in
1450 - 1516 66 Hieronymus Bosch. Early Netherlandish painter. Many of his works depict sin and human moral failings.
1456 - 1550s St. Catherine's Cathedral, Utrecht
Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Stavelot Part of HRE
1065 - 1111 46 Robert 2 Count of Flanders, Crusader
1st Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1789 799
972 - 1008 36 Notger
1008 - 18 10 Baldrick 2
1018 - 21 3 Wolbodo
1021 - 5 4 Durandus
1025 - 37 12 Reginard
1037 - 42 5 Nithard
1042 - 8 6 Wazo
1048 - 75 27 Theodwin
1075 - 91 16 Henry of Verdun
1091 - 1119 28 Otbert
1000 Chimay Castle
1000s Franchimont Castle
1038 Saint Bavo Cathedral Ghent
Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Stavelot Part of HRE
Duchy of Brabant
1183 - 1648
465
Leuven
1142 - 1406
264
1142 - 90 48 Godfrey 3
1184 - 1235 45
Henry 1
1235 - 48 13
Henry 2
1248 - 61 13
Henry 3
1261 - 7 6
Henry 4
1267 - 94 17
John 1
1294 - 1312 18
John 2
1312 - 55 43
John 3
1355 - 1406 51
Joanna
1406 - 15 9 Anthony
1415 - 27 12
John 4
1427 - 30 3
Philip 1 of SaintPol
1430 - 67 37
Philip 2 the Good
1467 - 77 10
Charles 1 the Bold
1477 - 82 5
Mary
1482 - 94 12 Maximilian regent
1494 - 1506 12 Philip 3
1506 - 55 49
Charles 2
1555 - 98 43
Philip 4
Valois
1582
1582 - 4 2 Francis, Duke of Anjou Usurper
1598 - 1621 23 Isabella Clara Eugenia & Albert
1621 - 65 44 Philip 5
1166 - 1202 36 Albert of Louvain Saint, Bishop of Liège
1100 Westmalle Castle
1100s Arenberg Castle
1139 Poeke Castle
1150 bouchout Castle
1180 Gravensteen Castle
1184 Ecaussine Schloss Turm Castle
1100 - 33 33 Our Lady of Flanders' Cathedral of Tournai
1100s - 1839 700s SintSalvator Cathedral
1st Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1789 799
1119 - 21 2 Frederick of Namur
1122 - 8 6 Albero I of Leuven
1128 - 35 7 Alexander 1
1135 - 45 10 Albero 2 of ChinyNamur
1145 - 64 19 Henry 2 of Leez
1164 - 7 3 Alexander 2
1167 - 91 24 Rudolf of Zähringen
1191 - 2 1 Saint Albert of Leuven
1192 - 3 1 Lothaire of Hochstaden
1193 - 5 2 Simon of Limbourg
1195 - 1200 5 Albert of Cuyck




 

 

Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Stavelot Part of HRE
Duchy of Brabant
1183 - 1648
465
1200s FaulxlesTombes
1200s Heers Castle
1200s Modave Castle
1200s OMMERSTEIN Castle
1200s Roly Castle
1210s jemeppe Castle
1240 Kasteelgaasbeek Castle
1st Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1789 799
1200 - 29 29 Hugh of Pierrepont
1229 - 38 9 John of Eppes
1238 - 9 1 William of Savoy
1240 - 6 6 Robert of Thourotte
1247 - 74 27 Henry of Guelders
1274 - 81 7 John of Enghien
1282 - 91 9 John of Flanders
1295 - 1301 6 Hugh of Chalon
Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Stavelot Part of HRE
Duchy of Brabant
1183 - 1648
465
1323 8 5 Peasant revolt in Flanders
1366 1426 60 Hubert van Eyck Flemish painter and older brother of Jan van Eyck.
 1405 33 28 Jacobus Vide FrancoFlemish composer of the transitional period between the medieval period and early Renaissance.
1425 Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium) founded by Pope Martin 5
1300 GrandBigard Castle
1300 10 10 Beersel Castle
1308 Vogelsanck Castle
1354 Reinhardstein Castle
1381 Ooidonk Castle
1394 Beloeil Castle
1312 St. Rumbold's Cathedral
1st Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1789 799
1301 - 2 1 Adolph of Waldeck
1302 - 12 10 Thibaut of Bar
1313 - 44 31 Adolph of La Marck
1345 - 64 19 Englebert of La Marck
1364 - 78 14 John of Arkel
1378 - 89 11 Arnold of Hornes
1389 - 1418 29 John of Bavaria
Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Stavelot Part of HRE
Duchy of Brabant
1183 - 1648
465
Duchy of Bouillon
1456 - 1794
338
@ Bouillon
La Marck 1456 - 1594 138
1456 - 87 31 Robert 1 de La Marck (1430 87 57) =Jeanne de Marley
1487 - 1536 49 Robert 2 de La Marck (1465 - 1536 71) ^ =Catherine de Croÿ
1536 - 7 1
Robert Fleuranges de La Marck (1491 - 1537 46) ^ =Guillemette of Saarbrücken, Countess of Braine
1537 - 56 19
Robert 4 de La Marck (1512 - 56 44) ^ Françoise de Brézé, Countess of Maulevrier
1556 - 74 18
Henri Robert de La Marck (1540 - 74 34) ^ =Françoise de Bourbon
1574 - 94 20
Charlotte de La Marck suo jure (1574 94 20) ^ =Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne
La Tour d'Auvergne
1588 - 1802
214
1594 - 1623 29 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne (1555 1623 68) =1) Charlotte 2) Elisabeth of Nassau
1623 - 52 29
Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne (1605 52 47) ^ =Eleonora Catharina Febronis van den Bergh
1652 - 1721 69
Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne (1636 1721 85) ^Marie Anne Mancini
1721 - 30 9
Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne (1668 1730 72) ^ =1) Marie Armande Victoire de La Trémoille 2) Louise Françoise Angélique Le Tellier 3) Louise Henriette Françoise de Lorraine
1730 - 71 41
Charles Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne (1706 71 65) ^ =Maria Karolina Sobieska
1771 - 92 21
Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne (1728 92 64) ^ =Louise de Lorraine
1792 - 4 2
Jacques Léopold de La Tour d'Auvergne (1746 1802 56) ^
1794 Absorbed into 1st French Republic
1400 - 60 60 Gilles Binchois, FrancoFlemish composer, one of the earliest members of the Burgundian School.
1397 - 1474 77 Guillaume Dufay, FrancoFlemish composer and music theorist.
1445 - 97 52 Hayne van Ghizeghem, Flemish composer of the early Renaissance Burgundian School.
1410 - 97 87 Johannes Ockeghem Flemish Composer
1390 - 1441 51 Jan van Eyck Flemish Painter
1400s Cortewalle Castle
1400s Deipenbeek Castle
1400s Wissekerke Castle
1410 Veves Castle
1431 - 64 33 Renesse Castle
1450 LavauxSainteAnne Castle
1500s Aldenbiezen Castle
1450s St. Michael & St. Gudula Cathedral
1st Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1789 799
1418 - 9 1 John of Walenrode
1419 - 55 36 John of Heinsberg
1456 - 82 26 Louis of Bourbon
1484 - 1505 21 John of Hornes

 

    Son of John

1467 - 77 10 Charles 2 the Bold (r.), son of Philip the Good

1477 - 82 5 Mary the Rich (r.), daughter of Charles the Bold, jointly with her husband Maximilian 1, Holy Roman Emperor

House of Habsburg

1482 - 1506 24 Philip 4 the Handsome (r. ), son of Mary and Maximilian

1000s Bourglinster Castle Luxembourg
1000s Hollenfels Castle
1000s Larochette Castle
1100s Clervaux Castle
1100s Useldange Castle
1135 Ansembourg Castle
1200s Brandenbourg Castle
1200s EschsurSûre Castle
1200s Hesperange Castle
1200s Koerich Castle
1200s Septfontaines Castle
1300s Vianden Castle
 
Kingdom of France
843 - 1791
948
Burdundy 2
Upper Burgundy
993 - 1032 39 Rudolph 3 In 1032 the Kingdom of Burgundy was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.
1003 Robert II of France invades the Duchy of Burgundy, then ruled by OttoWilliam, Duke of Burgundy; the initial invasion is unsuccessful, but Robert II eventually gained the acceptance of the Roman Catholic Church in 1016 and annexed Burgundy into his realm.
1009 Martindu - Canigou Monastery on Mount Canigou
966 1017 51 Richard 2 Duke of Normandy
Salian (Frankish) under Holy Roman Empire "Arles"
1032
1032 - 9 7 Conrad 2 ** 1027
988 - 1034 46 Adémar de Chabannes Monk, Writer, Historian, Composer
1035 William Iron Arm the Norman ventures to the Mezzogiorno
1035 - 8 3 3 yr Famine Raoul Glaber chronicles a devastating three induced by climatic changes in southern France
1039 - 56 16 Henry 3 ** 1046 - 56
1010 - 46 36 William Iron Arm Norman Hauteville Nobel
1050s Harbaville Triptych Now at Musée du Louvre, Paris
1189 - 1056 67 Peter Nolasco Saint, cofounder of the Order of Our Lady of Ransom
1056 - 1105 49 Henry 4 ** 1084 - 1105
1060 Lower Normandy Caen Castle
1064 Preaching for Holy Wars Begins by Peter the Hermit of Amiens
1066 England taken by Normandy
997 - 1069 72 Godfrey 3 Duke of Lower Lorraine
1075 Brittany Combourg Castle
1087 Rhône, Alpes Sur Epte Castle
999 - 1088 89 Berengar of Tours Theologian
1020 - 90 70 Bernard 2 Tumapaler of Gascony, Duke of Gascony
1098 Cistercians founded by Saint Robert 1028 1111 83
1095 - 9 4 Song of Roland earliest extant manuscript
1000s Troubadours appear in what is now southern France.
1000 Brittany Vitre Castle
1000 Centre Maintenon Castle
1000 Centre Montbazon Castle
1000 Centre Montresor Castle
1000 LanguedocRoussillon Barberosse Castle
1000 LanguedocRoussillon Ultrera Castle
1000 Lorraine Lorraine Castle
1000 Lorraine Sur Mosselle Castle
1000 PoitouCharentes Richemont Castle
1000s alsace Guirbaden Castle
1000s Brittany Largoet Castle
1000s Burgundy NoyerssurSerein Castle
1000s Centre fougeres sur bievre Castle
1000s Centre Beaugency Castle
1000s Centre Ingrandes Castle
1000s Centre Lavardin Castle
1000s ChampagneArdenne Laufau Castle
1000s FrancheComté Belvoir Castle
1000s LanguedocRoussillon Calberte Castle
1000s LanguedocRoussillon Clermont Herault Castle
1000s LanguedocRoussillon Durban Castle
1000s LanguedocRoussillon Durfort Castle
1000s LanguedocRoussillon Peyrepertuse Castle
1000s Lorraine Granville Castle
1000s Lower Normandy Creully Castle
1000s Lower Normandy Olivet Castle
1000s Pays de la Loire Brissac Castle
1000s PoitouCharentes Brigueuil Castle
1000s PoitouCharentes Brouy Castle
1000s PoitouCharentes Montendre Castle
1000s PoitouCharentes Rochebrune Castle
1000s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Lacoste Castle
1000s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Ponteves Castle
1000s PyrénéesAtlantiques Ruthie Castle
1000s RhôneAlpes ConchesenOuche Castle
1000s RhôneAlpes Cordon Castle
1000s RhôneAlpes ducs de savouy Castle
10 - 1100s Laarnekasteel Castle
10 - 1100s RhôneAlpes Gisor Castle
1000 - 1200s 200 Limousin Chalus Chabrol Castle
10 - 1300s 300s LanguedocRoussillon portes Castle
10 - 1300s 300s Provence, Alpes Côte d'Azur Mornas Castle
10 - 1400s 400 PoitouCharentes Chillac Castle
10 - 1500s Rhône, Alpes Etelan Castle
10 - 1600s Rhône, Alpes La Sone Castle
10 - 1700s PoitouCharentes Bouteville Castle
1000 - 1800s 800 Burgundy Couches Castle
1000s - 1500s 500 ChampagneArdenne DeMonmort Castle
10 - 1100s Aire Cathedral
10 - 1100s Viviers Cathedral
10 - 1200s Besançon Cathedral
1000 Cimiez Cathedral
1000s - 1135 Cahors Cathedral
1000s - 1896 Évreux Cathedral
1000s Vaison Cathedral
1010 - 1857 Vannes Cathedral
1015 - 1439 Strasbourg Cathedral
1030 - 60 Maguelone Cathedral
1030 - 1396 Arras Cathedral
1052 - 1533 Vienne Cathedral
1073 - 1300s Toulouse Cathedral
1077 - Bayeux Cathedral
1095 - Valence Cathedral Consecrated
1096 - 1740 Toulon Cathedral
1000s Metz France


































Kingdom of France
843 - 1791
948
Burdundy
Salian (Frankish) under Holy Roman Empire "Arles"
1100 alsace Geroldseck Castle
1100 alsace Hautbahr Castle
1100 MidiPyrénées CastelnauBretenoux Castle
1100 - 50 alsace Greifenstein Castle
1100s - 1387 300s Alsace Loewenstein Castle
1100s Poitou - Charentes Aulnay Castle
1100s alsace Kagenfels Castle
1100s alsace Kintzheim Castle
1100s alsace OBERHOF SAVERNE Castle
1100s alsace Osthoffen Castle
1100s Auvergne Bostfranchet Castle
1100s Auvergne Murol Castle
1100s Burgundy d Eguilly Castle
1100s Burgundy Tour du bost Castle
1100s Centre Loches Castle
1100s Centre Meung Castle
1100s dordorgne Salignac Castle
1100s Franche, Comté Chevreaux Castle
1100s Franche, Comté Frontenay Castle
1100s Franche, Comté Oricourt Castle
1100s Franche, Comté Rougemont Castle
1100s Îlede, France Beaumont Sur Oise Castle
1100s Îlede, France BieComte Robert Castle
1100s Îlede, France Etampes Castle
1100s Languedoc, Roussillon Aude Villerouge Termenes Castle
1100s Languedoc, Roussillon Puivert Castle
1100s Limousin Chalucet Castle
1100s Lorraine Ancerville Castle
1100s Lorraine Falkenstein Castle
1100s Lorraine Helfedange Castle
1100s Lower Normandy BeaumontleRichard Castle
1100s Lower Normandy Ducs Alencon Castle
1100s MidiPyrénées Bruniquel Castle
1100s MidiPyrénées Peyrelade Castle
1100s Pays de la Loire Ouzauges Castle
1100s Pays de la Loire Blain Castle
1100s Pays de la Loire MontreuilBellay Castle
1100s Pays de la Loire Ranrouet Castle
1100s PoitouCharentes Aulnay Castle
1100s PoitouCharentes Isleau Castle
1100s PoitouCharentes Pons Castle
1100s RhôneAlpes Chamaret Castle
1100s RhôneAlpes Ecluse Castle
1100s RhôneAlpes Grignan Castle
1100s RhôneAlpes Ventadour Castle
1100s RhôneAlpes Vogue Castle
1120 RhôneAlpes Crest Castle
1123 RhôneAlpes Archives Castle
1130 ÎledeFrance Houdan Castle
1130 PoitouCharentes Vauclerc Castle
1137 PoitouCharentes Taillebourg Castle
1053 - 1100 46 Guy 1 of Ponthieu Count of Ponthieu
1060 - 1100 40 Godfrey of Bouillon Duke of Lower Lorraine, Crusader
1053 - 1101 48 Hugh of Vermandois Count of Vermandois, Crusader
1058 - 1103 45 Odo 1 Duke of Burgundy
1041 - 1105 64 Raymond 4 of Toulouse Duke of Narbonne, Crusader
1105 - 25 20 Henry 5 ** 1111 25
1040 - 1113 73 Ida of Boulogne Saint, Countess
1050 - 1113 63 Odo of Cambrai Saint, Bishop, Theologian
? - 1115 Peter the Hermit Crusader
1040 - 1115 75 Ivo of Chartres Saint, Bishop
? - 1117 Anselm of Laon French theologian
? - 1119 Alan 4, Duke of Brittany
1070 - 1121 51 William of Champeaux Philosopher, Theologian
Supplinburger
1125 - 37 12
1125 - 37 12 Lothar 3 king ** 1133 - 7 4
1052 - 1132 80 Hugh of Châteauneuf Theologian, Bishop of Grenoble, and partisan of the Gregorian reform
1050 - 1134 84 Robert Curthose Duke of Normandy
? - 1134 Stephen Harding Saint, abbot, cofounder of the Cistercian Order
1136 Abbey of St Denis Suger begins rebuilding north of Paris, which is regarded as the first major Gothic building.
1137 future King Louis 7 of France marries Eleanor, the Duchess of Aquitaine.
Staufen
1138
1138 - 52 13 Conrad 3 king
1079 - 1142 63 Peter Abelard Philosopher, Logician
1084 - 1143 61 Hugh 2 Duke of Burgundy
1147 alsace Koenigsbourg Castle
1113 - 51 38 Geoffrey 5 Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy
1081 - 1151 70 Suger Abbot of St.Denis
1152 - 90 38 Frederick 1 Barbarossa ** 1155 90 35
1070 - 1154 84 Gilbert de la Porrée Scholastic Logician, Theologian
1090 - 1154 64 Bernard Saint, Abbot of Clairvaux, Preacher, Reformer
1114 - 56 42 Bertha Duchess of Brittany
1118 - 62 44 Odo 2 Duke of Burgundy
1172 MidiPyrénées Rocamadour Castle
? - 1173 Richard of St. Victor Theologian
1107 - 78 71 Anthelm Saint, Abbot of the Grand Chartreuse
1180 MidiPyrénées Roquefixade Castle
1158 - 86 28 Geoffrey 2 Duke of Brittany
1188 RhôneAlpes Dieppe Castle
1135 - 89 54 Humbert 3 Count of Savoy
1191 - 7 6 Henry 6 king 1190, emperor
1142 - 92 50 Hugh 3 Duke of Burgundy
1196 RhôneAlpes Les Tourelles Castle
? Peter Bishop of Poitiers, Saint
11 - 1400s PoitouCharentes Angles surl'Anglin Castle
11 - 1400s PoitouCharentes Cherveux Castle
11 - 1400s PoitouCharentes Cognac Castle
11 - 1500s Centre Chateaudun Castle
11 - 1500s PoitouCharentes Villeneuvela Castle
11 - 1500s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Roquebrune Castle
11 - 1500s RhôneAlpes Annecy Castle
11 - 1500s RhôneAlpes Montrond Castle
11 - 1700s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Gourdon Castle
11 - 1700s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Murs Castle
11 - 1800s MidiPyrénées d'Hardelot Castle
11 - 1200s Angers Cathedral
11 - 1200s SaintDié Cathedral
11 - 1200s SaintPaulTroisChâteaux Cathedral
11 - 1400s Church of St. Trophime, Arles
11 - 1500s Pontoise Cathedral
11 - 1500s Saint Bertrandde Comminges Cathedral
11 - 1800s Aix Cathedral
1100 - 50 Le Puy Cathedral
1100s Agen Cathedral
1100s Avignon Cathedral
1100s Blois Cathedral
1100s Oloron Cathedral
1100s SaintPierre Cathedral
1108 SaintMalo Cathedral Founded
1110 - 28 Angoulême Cathedral
1114 Pontigny Abbey Begun
1119 Lucciana Cathedral Dedicated
1120 - 46 Autun Cathedral
1120 - 1700s Lescar Cathedral
1125 - 40 SaintFlorent Cathedral
1140 - 1500s Sens Cathedral
1142 - 86 Le Mans Cathedral Nave
1147 Châlons Cathedral Consecrated
1148 - 1472 Old Cambrai Cathedral
1153 - 91 Senlis Cathedral
1160 - 1220 Sisteron Cathedral
1162 - 1257 Poitiers Cathedral
1163 - 1345 NotreDame de Paris
1170 - 1200s Lisieux Cathedral
1170 - 1220 Embrun Cathedral
1170 - 1547 Tours Cathedral
1175 - 1300s Meaux Cathedral
1177 - 1211 Soissons Cathedral
1180 - 1480 Lyon Cathedral
1190 - 1324 Bourges Cathedral
1194 - 1250 Chartres Cathedral
1196 Langres Cathedral Dedicated















Kingdom of France
843 - 1791
948
Burdundy
Salian (Frankish) under Holy Roman Empire "Arles"
Staufen House
1198 - 1208 10 Philip of Swabia rival king
1200 alsace Landsberg Castle
1200 Auvergne de Conros Castle
1200 Lorraine Bainville Castle
1200 MidiPyrénées Montaillou Castle
1200 Pays de la Loire Bretagne Castle
1200 RhôneAlpes Caillard Castle
1200 RhôneAlpes Tancarville Castle
120033 33 alsace Petit - Ringelstein Castle
1200s alsace De La Roche Castle
1200s alsace Lichtenberg Castle
1200s alsace PetitGeroldseck Castle
1200s alsace Scherwiller Castle
1200s Alsace Wasigensteiswrp Castle
1200s Auvergne Cordes Castle
1200s Auvergne Dallueze Castle
1200s Auvergne De Val Castle
1200s Auvergne Randan Castle
1200s Auvergne Rocher Castle
1200s Burgundy Brandon Castle
1200s Burgundy Epoisses Castle
1200s Burgundy Photogrossetour Castle
1200s Centre Langeais Castle
1200s dordorgne Puymartin Castle
1200s Franche, Comté Oliferne Castle
1200s ÎledeFrance Blandyles Castle Tours
1200s Îlede, France du Temple
1200s ÎledeFrance La Grange Blesneau Castle
1200s Languedoc, Roussillon Desrois Castle
1200s Languedoc, Roussillon Florac Castle
1200s Languedoc, Roussillon Montdardier Castle
1200s Languedoc, Roussillon Queribus Castle
1200s Limousin Rochechouart Castle
1200s Lorraine Blamont Castle
1200s Lorraine Volkrange Castle
1200s MidiPyrénées Montsegur Castle
1200s MidiPyrénées Severac Castle
1200s Picardy Couce Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Allinges Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Allymes Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Crussol Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Maisonseule Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Rouen Castle
1200s RhôneAlpes Thomas Castle
1204 Fall of Normandy from Angevin hands to the French King, Philip Augustus, end of Norman domination of France.
1122 - 1204 82 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen consort of France and later of the Kingdom of England
1187 - 1203 16 Arthur 1 Duke of Brittany
1205 Alsace Altwindstein Castle
1205 - 1400 alsace de Salm Castle
1208 - 15 7 Otto 4 of Brunswick House of Welf rival king ** 1209 15 6
1209 - 29 20 Albigensian Crusade France Catholic Church to eliminate the Cathar heresy in Languedoc
1127 - 1212 85 Felix of Valois Saint, cofounder of the Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives
1213 - 4 1 AngevinFlanders War
1154 1213 59 John of Matha Saint, cofounder of the Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives
1213 Battle of Muret France defeats the Spanish Kingdom of Aragon at the .
1214 Battle of Bouvines France defeats English and Imperial German forces at the.
1166 - 1218 52 Odo 3 Duke of Burgundy
1218 Centre SullysurLoire Castle
1220 - 50 30 Frederick 2 king 1212 emperor
1220s ÎledeFrance Dourdan Castle
1227 PoitouCharentes Parthenay Castle
1231 RhôneAlpes Chalmazel Castle
1237 - 54 17 Conrad 4 king until 1250 under his father
1242 Pays de la Loire Melusine Castle
1246 - 64 18 Andlau Castle
1250 alsace Luetzelhardt Castle
1250s alsace Hohenburg Castle
1260 Alsace Ottrott Castle
1264 Alsace Nideck Castle
1266 LanguedocRoussillon saintjulienarpaon Castle
1269 fl Petrus Peregrinus Scientist
1286 Alsace Schoeneck Castle
1290s Alsace Hohenfels Castle
1293 Alsace Ramstein Castle
12 - 1300s alsace Wineck Castle
12 - 1300s PoitouCharentes Mothe Chandeniers Castle
12 - 1300s RhôneAlpes La Forest Castle
12 - 1400s Brittany La Hunaudaye Castle
12 - 1600s PoitouCharentes Villebois Castle
12 - 1700s RhôneAlpes Aubenas Castle
12 - 1700s RhôneAlpes Trondeleou Castle
12 - 1300s Bazas Cathedral
12 - 1300s Sées Cathedral
12 - 1400s Lavaur Cathedral
12 - 1600s Troyes Cathedral
1200 Laon Cathedral
1200s - 1600 Bayonne Cathedral
1200s Carcassonne Cathedral
1200s Forcalquier Cathedral
1200s Noyon Cathedral Towers
1202 - 1880 Rouen Cathedral
1210 - 74 Coutances Cathedral
1211 - 75 Reims Cathedral
1215 - 33 Auxerre Cathedral
1220 - 70 Amiens Cathedral
1220 - 1520 Metz Cathedral Constructed
1269 - 1330 Basilica of St. Nazaire & St. Celse, Carcassonne
1272 - 1332 Narbonne Cathedral
1272 Beauvais Cathedral
1273 - 1888 Limoges Cathedral
1273 Agde Cathedral
1275 Pamiers Cathedral Bishopric Created
1276 - 1531 Rodez Cathedral
1278 - 1329 Orléans Cathedral
1280 - 1325 Dijon Cathedral












Kingdom of France
843 - 1791
948
1285 - 1314 29 King Phillip 4
Les rois maudits (The Cursed Kings) 2005
1300 MidiPyrénées Larressingle Castle
1300 MidiPyrénées Termesd'Armagnac Castle
1300s Auvergne d'Auzon Castle
1300s Auvergne de Celles Castle
1300s Brittany Dinan Castle
1300s Brittany Forte la Latte Castle
1300s Brittany Josselin Castle
1300s Brittany Solidor Castle
1300s Burgundy Brancion Castle
1300s Burgundy Bussy Rabutin Castle
1300s Burgundy Commarin Castle
1300s Burgundy Pierreclos Castle
1300s Burgundy Semur en Brio Castle
1300s Burgundy Villemolin Castle
1300s Centre Ainaylevieil Castle
1300s Centre Guerche Castle
1300s Centre Jouy Castle
1300s Centre Le Mont Castle
1300s Centre Sarzay Castle
1300s Centre Vendome Castle
1300s FrancheComté Cleron Castle
1300s ÎledeFrance Bastille Castle
1300s ÎledeFrance Concierge Castle
1300s ÎledeFrance Vincennes Castle
1300s LanguedocRoussillon Aude Arques Castle
1300s Lorraine Epinal Castle
1300s Lorraine Gombervaux Castle
1300s Lower Normandy Carrouges Castle
1300s Lower Normandy Gratot Castle
1300s Lower Normandy Regneville Castle
1300s MidiPyrénées Boulogne Castle
1300s MidiPyrénées Mauvezin Castle
1300s PoitouCharentes Saint Saivant Castle
1300s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur La Napoule Castle
1300s PyrénéesAtlantiques Bidache Castle
1300s PyrénéesAtlantiques Morlanne Castle
1300s PyrénéesAtlantiques Villefranche Castle
1300s RhôneAlpes Barre Castle
1300s RhôneAlpes Tournon Castle
1300s RhôneAlpes Trevoux Castle
1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs French attempt to subdue the county of Flanders
1316 Lorraine Waldeck Castle
1337 1453 100 Years War Edward 3 of England lays claim to the French throne
1341 64 23 Breton War of Succession Part of the Hundred Years' War
1345 6 1 French Recruit Troops, Ships in Genoa, Monaco and Nice.
1345 Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France, is completed.
1348 - 50 2 Black Plague
1369 RhôneAlpes du sou Castle
1372 PoitouCharentes Ranton Castle
1300 - 77 77 Guillaume de Machaut Composer & Poet
1385 ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Antibes Picasso Castle
39 Knights Templar Burned at Stake
1300s Ars nova Music
13 - 1400s RhôneAlpes Rochechinard Castle
13 - 1500s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Citadelle de Sisteron Castle
13 - 1600s PoitouCharentes Fourras Castle
13 - 1600s PoitouCharentes Rochefoucauld Castle
13 - 1800s RhôneAlpes Ripaille Castle
13 - 1400s Bordeaux Cathedral
13 - 1400s SaintBrieuc Cathedral
13 - 1500s Nevers Cathedral
1317 Alet Cathedral
1317 Mirepoix Cathedral Diocese Created
1317 Rieux Cathedral Bishopric Started
1317 SaintPapoul Cathedral Diocese Created
1317 Tulle Cathedral Bishopric created
1324 1400s Perpignan Cathedral
1346 Lombez Cathedral Tower
1398 - 1466 68 SaintFlour Cathedral













Kingdom of France
843 - 1791
948
1337 - 1453 100 Years War
1400 Picardy Pierrefonds Castle
1400s Auvergne Branzac Castle
1400s Auvergne d'Anjony Castle
1400s Auvergne de Pesteil Castle
1400s Brittany Bertheaume Castle
1400s Brittany Tonquedec Castle
1400s Burgundy Chateauneuf Castle
1400s Burgundy Montcony Castle
1400s Burgundy Rosieres Castle
1400s Centre Amboise Castle
1400s Centre DU RIVAU Castle
1400s Champagne - Ardenne Sedan Castle
1400s Franche, Comté Rosemont Castle
1400s Languedoc Roussillon de Salses Castle
1400s Limousin Montbrun Castle
1400s Lorraine Malbrouk Castle
1400s Lorraine Moyen Castle
1400s Lorraine Vauxdemont Castle
1400s MidiPyrénées Coupiac Castle
1400s MidiPyrénées Olhain Castle
1400s Pays de la Loire PlessisBourre Castle
1400s Pays de la Loire Pouance Castle
1400s Poitou, Charentes Dissay Castle
1400s Poitou, Charentes Niort Castle
1400s Poitou, Charentes Verteuil Castle
1400s Poitou, Charentes Villebois Castle
1400s Rhône, Alpes Bayard Castle
1370 - 1410 40 Johannes Tapissier composer & teacher of the late Middle Ages.
1429 Siege of Orleans Joan of Arc 1412 31 19 led French forces to victory over the English army by raising the .
The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc 1999
Joan of Arc 1999  Leelee Sobieski
Joan of Arc 1948 Ingrid Bergman
Passion of Joan of Arc 1928 French film
1364 - 1430 66 Christine de Pizan Author
1453 Bordeaux falls to French forces and the Hundred Years' War ends without a treaty.
1455 Pays de la Loire Montsoreau Castle
 1375 - 1456 81 Nicolas Grenon Composer
1410 - 66 56 Enguerrand Quarton Painter , Manuscript Illuminator
1461 - 83 Louis 11
Hunchback of Notre Dame 1939 
1431 - 74 43 François Villon Poet
1474 - 7 3 Burgundy Wars of France, Switzerland, Lorraine and Sigismund II of Habsburg against the Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
1480 Centre du Moulin Castle
1420 - 81 61 Jean Fouquet Painter of both panel painting and manuscript illumination, inventor of the portrait miniature.
 1435 - 86 51 Nicolas Froment Painter
1425 - 89 64 Simon Marmion Painter of panels and illuminated manuscripts.
 1430 - 92 62 Antoine Busnois Composer, Poet of the Burgundian School
1457 98 41 Adrien Basin FrancoFlemish Composer, Singer, Diplomat of the Burgundian school of the early Renaissance.
14 1500s Poitou Charentes LaCouronne Oisellerie Castle
14 1600s PoitouCharentes Rochecourbon Castle
14 1600s RhôneAlpes de Virieu Castle
141700s PoitouCharentes Rioux Castle
1400 SaintPoldeLéon Cathedral Spires
1400s Chambéry Cathedral
1400s SaintClaude Cathedral
1409 - 1560 Carpentras Cathedral
1434 - 1891 Nantes Cathedral
1450 - 1568 Saintes Cathedral
1488 Lectoure Cathedral Tower
1490s - 1860s Digne Cathedral
1490s Moulins Cathedral











   
1252 1875 Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Monaco
1st Lordship of Monaco
1297 - 1301 4
Grimaldi
1297 - 1301
4
1297 François Grimaldi
1297 - 1301 4
Rainier 1, Lord of Cagnes

 

1st Lordship of Monaco
1297 - 1301 4
Grimaldi
1297 - 1301
4
1297 - 1301 4 Rainier 1, Lord of Cagnes
1st Genoese Monaco
1301 - 31
30
2nd Lordship of Monaco
1331 - 57
26
1331 - 57 26 Charles 1
1352 - 7 5 Antonio
1352 - 7 5 Rainier 2
1352 - 7 5 Gabriel
2nd Genoese Monaco
1357 - 95
38
3rd Lordship of Monaco
1395
1395 Louis
1395 Jean 1
3rd Genoese Monaco
1395 7
2
4th Lordship of Monaco
1397 - 1402
5
1397 - 1402 5 Louis
4th Lordship of Monaco
1397 - 1402
5
1397 - 1402 5 Louis
4th Genoese Monaco
1402 - 19
17
5th Lordship of Monaco
1419 - 36
17
1419 - 27 8 Ambroise of Menton
1419 - 27 8
Antonie of Roquebrune
1419 - 36 17 Jean 1
Milanese Monaco
1436
1436 Biagio Assereto
6th Lordship of Monaco
1436 - 1633
180
1436 - 54 18 Jean 1
1454 - 7 3 Catalan
1457 - 8 1 Claudine
1457 - 8 1 Pomelline Fregoso Regent
1458 - 94 36 Lamberto
1494 - 1505 11 Jean 2
950 - 1022 72 Notker Labeo mathematician, first medieval commentator on Aristotle, and Benedictine monk from St. Gallen, Switzerland
1000s Iberg Castle, Aargau
1000s Lenzburg Castle
1005 Château de Chillon
1027 Kyburg Castle
1100 Burg Marmels Castle
1100s Horben Castle
1100s Schenkenberg Castle
1109 Steinsberg Castle
1131 Trachselwald Castle
1150 Schnabelburg Castle
1200 Lichtenstein Castle
1200s Brunegg Castle
1200s Wulp Castle
1230 Habsburg Castle
1250 Habsburg Castle
1253 Allaman Castle
1256 Hallwyl Castle
1260 Münchenstein Castle
1270 - 82 Château de Gruyères
1283 - 1430 Fribourg Cathedral
Old Swiss Confederacy
1291 - 1798
507
@ Baden
1200 Kasteln Castle
12 - 1500s Schlosswil Castle
1291 Federal Charter of 1291 The Swiss Confederation of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden forms.
1292 Frohberg Castle
Old Swiss Confederacy
1291 - 1798
507
@ Baden
1300 Neuburg Castle
1300s Reichenbach Castle
1300s Toffen Castle
1315 Battle of Morgarten Swiss Confederation force of 1,500 infantry archers ambushed a group of Austrian soldiers of the Holy Roman Empire near the Morgarten Pass.
1373 Brunegg Castle
Old Swiss Confederacy
1291 - 1798
507
@ Baden
1435 Basilique de Valère Castle
1490s - 1517 Lugano Cathedral
1499 Swabian War Old Swiss Confederacy and the House of Habsburg.
         
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Ottonian
936 - 1024
88
1000 Bavaria dachau Castle
1000 Bavaria wittelsbach Castle
1002 - 24 22 Henry 2 HRE 1014 24 10
1000s BadenWürttemberg Achalm Castle
1000s BadenWürttemberg Alberweiler Castle
1000s BadenWürttemberg Burg Roetteln Castle
1000s BadenWürttemberg Sigmaringen Castle
1000s Bavaria Alterhof Castle
1000s SaxonyAnhalt Stecklenburg Castle
1015 Lower Saxony Plesse Castle
1020 St. Mary's Cathedral Hildesheim completed
1020 Bamberg Apocalypse commissioned by Otto 3 completed.
970 - 1021 51 Heribert of Cologne Archbishop of Cologne
Salian
1024 1125
101
1024 - 39 15 Conrad 2 ^^^ Otto 1 HRE 1024 7 3
1028 - 56 28 Henry 3 ^ HRE 46 - 56 10
1031 St. Michael's Church Hildesheim completed
1048 Rhinel & Palatinate Freusburg Castle
1050 Bavaria Nuernberg Castle
1013 - 54 41 Hermann of Reichenau Composer, music theorist, mathematician, & astronomer
1054 - 1105 51 Henry 4 ^ HRE 84 05 21
1000s Lower Saxony Herzberg Castle
1000s RhinelandPalatinate Burg Sponheim bei Kreuznach Castle
1061 Speyer Cathedral Speyer completed
Lower Saxony Harzburg Castle
1071 Lower Saxony Richmond Castle
1010 - 75 65 Anno 2 Archbishop of Cologne
1075 1st Battle of Langensalza Henry 4 suppresses the rebellion of Saxony in.
1075 Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum Adam of Bremen writes Gesta .
1077 Walk to Canossa by Henry 4 of the Holy Roman Empire.
Rival Kings
1077 - 88
11
Rheinfeld
1077 - 80
3
Salm House
1080 - 8
8
1080 - 8 8 Hermann von Salm
1087 - 1101 14 Conrad ^ Henry 4
* Italy 1093 - 8 5
1028 - 88 50 Burchard 2 Bishop of Halberstadt
1099 - 1125 26 Henry 5
1025 - 77 52 Agnes Empress, regent of the Holy Roman Empire
1400 - 50 50 Development of the woodcut for printing
1004 - 1237 Bamberg Cathedral
1010 - 1960 St. Mary's Cathedral, Hildesheim
1024 - 1858 834 Speyer Cathedral
1040 - 1967 927 Würzburg Cathedral
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963

1099 - 1125 26 Henry 5 ^ Henry 4 HRE 1125 14, forced father to abdicate
1109 BadenWürttemberg burgsteinsberg Castle
1100s BadenWürttemberg Dilsberg Castle
1100s BadenWürttemberg Hohennagold Castle
1100 BadenWürttemberg Hohenneuffen Castle
1100 BadenWürttemberg Katzenstein Castle
1100 BadenWürttemberg Sausenburg Castle
1100s BadenWürttemberg Weikersheim Castle
1109 Bavaria Altenburg Castle
1100 Hesse Johannisberg Castle
1109 Battle of Hundsfeld Boleslaus 3 Wrymouth defeats Emperor Henry 5 and stops German expansion eastward.
1111 Henry 5's first expedition to Rome, crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1118 Lower Saxony Wolfenbuettel Castle
1121 SaxonyAnhalt Hasserode Castle
1122 Concordat of Worms (Pactum Calixtinum) drawn up between HRE & Papacy bringing an end to the first phase of the power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire.
1123 SaxonyAnhalt Bergfried anhalt
1100s Lumbary under German control
The Flame and the Arrow 1950
Supplinburger 1125 - 37 12
1125 - 37 12 Lothair 3 HRE 33 7 4
1125 Lothair of Supplinburg, duke of Saxony, is elected Holy Roman Emperor instead of the nearest heir, Frederick of Swabia, beginning the great struggle of Guelf and Ghibelline.
1121 Premonstratensian Order of Canons Regular Norbert & 29 others make vows
1080 - 1134 54 Norbert of Xanten Saint, Archbishop of Magdeburg
1132 Bavaria Rotenhan Castle
1133 North RhineWestphalia Schlossburg Castle
1135 Bavaria Plassenburg Castle
1136 BadenWürttemberg Salem Castle
Staufen (Hohenstaufen)
1137 - 1254
117
1138 - 52 14 Conrad 3 ^^ Henry 4
1060 - 1139 79 Otto of Bamberg Saint, bishop, chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire
1096 - 1141 45 Hugh of St Victor Philosopher from Saxony
1147 Wendish Crusade against the Polabian Slavs (or "Wends") in what is now northern and eastern Germany.
1147 - 50 3 Henry Berengar ^
1147 - 1242 95 Northern Crusades Conflicts distinct from those of the Crusades
1150 BadenWürttemberg Kaltenburg Castle
1151 Bavaria Rieneck Castle
1152 - 90 38 Frederick 1 Barbarossa ^< Conrad 3 HRE 52 5 3Saxony Blankenhain 1100s
1153 1st Treaty of Constance is signed between Emperor Frederick 1 and Pope Eugene 3, by the terms of which, the Emperor is to prevent any action by Manuel 1 Comnenus to reestablish the Byzantine Empire on Italian soil and to assist the pope against his enemies in revolt in Rome.
1655 Hesse Burg Ludwigstein De Merian Hassiae Castle
1160 BadenWürttemberg Nippenburg Castle
1160 Hesse Scharfenstein Kiedrich Castle
? - 1160 Mechtildis Saint, Abbess
SchleswigHolstein Gottorp 1161 1169 - 97 28 Henry 6 ^ HRE 91 7 6
1100s RhinelandPalatinate Elmstein Castle
1169 SaxonyAnhalt Regenstein Castle
1175 1st Song of the Nibelungs (Nibelungenlied)
1098 - 1179 81 Hildegard of Bingen Polymath, 1st Western musical composer known by name
1180 SaxonyAnhalt Falkenstein Castle
1182 Bavaria Brennhausen Castle
1197 Frederick 2 ^ Henry 6
1198 - 1208 10 Philip of Swabia
1198 North RhineWestphalia Hueckeswagen Castle
1100s - 1524 Munich Frauenkirche Cathedral
1120 - 1230 Freiburg Minster Cathedral
1159 - 1250 Freising Cathedral
1196 Trier Cathedral Facade
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
1198 - 1208 10 Philip of Swabia ^ Frederick 1, Rival to Otto 4
1200 BadenWürttemberg Burgstall Eselsburg Castle
1200s BadenWürttemberg Heidenheim Castle
1200s Berlin and Brandenburg Blankenburg Castle
1200s Lower Saxony Grubenhagen Castle
1200 Saxony Purschenstein Castle
Rival Welf
1198 - 1215
17
1198 - 1215 17 Otto 4 d 1218 HRE 9 1 6Hesse Ehrenfels 1212
Staufen (Hohenstaufen)
1137 - 1254
117
1212 - 50 38 Frederick 2 ^ Henry 6 HRE 20 50 30
1218 Hesse Schloss Vollrads Castle
1219 Bavaria Veste Oberhaus Castle
1200s Lower Saxony Blankenburg Castle
1200s Lower Saxony Brunkenburg Castle
1200s Lower Saxony Hodenhagen Castle
1214 Saxony Mylau Castle
1217 Saxony Frauenstein Erzgebirge Castle
1185 - 1225 40 Engelbert 2 of Berg Saint, Archbishop of Cologne
1226 - 50 24 Dispute between the so called 2nd Lombard League and Frederick 2.
1228 - 30 2 1st clashes between Gregory 9 VS Frederick 2
1220 - 35 15 Henry ^SaxonyAnhalt Mansfeld 1229
1237 - 54 17 Conrad 4
1239 - 50 11 3rd conflict between Holy Roman Empire & Papacy.
Rival Thuringia
1246 7
1
1246 - 7 1 Henry Raspe Rival
Rival Holland
1247 - 56
9
1247 - 56 9 William of HollandBavaria Epprechtstein 1248
1243 - 50 7 2nd Holy Roman Empire VS Papacy War
1248 BadenWürttemberg Leonberg Pomeranzengarten Castle
1252 Hesse frankenstein Castle
1253 RhinelandPalatinate Altenbaumburg Castle
1253 RhinelandPalatinate NeuBaumburgpano Castle
1253 BadenWürttemberg Waldenburg Castle
1156 RhinelandPalatinate Veldenz Castle
1257 - 72 15 Richard of Cornwall
1253 Plantagenet House Rival BadenWürttemberg Amlishagen Castle
1266 North RhineWestphalia Bladenhorst Castle
1260 - 74 14 Great Prussian Uprising
Burgundy
1157 - 75
18
1257 - 75 18 Alfonso of Castile ^^ Philip
1200s Lower Saxony Blankenburg Castle
1200s Saxony Bottonwellhousegnandstein Castle
1200s Lower Saxony Brunkenburg Castle
Hapsburg
1273 - 91
18
1273 - 91 15 Rudolf 1
1275 Hesse Auerbacher Castle
1776 MecklenburgVorpommern Ludwigslust Castle
1276 North RhineWestphalia Homburg Castle
1280 Hesse Schwarzenfels Castle
1193 - 1280 87 Albertus Magnus Philosopher & Theologian
Saarland Dagstuhl castle 1290
Nassau
1292 - 8
6
1292 - 8 6 Adolf of Nassau
1292 Lower Saxony Calenberg Castle
1292 Saxony Osterstein Castle
1295 Bavaria Regensburg Castle
Hapsburg
1298 - 1308
10
1298 - 1308 10 Albert 1 ^Rudolph 1
1200s Motet Music Form originates out of the Ars antiqua tradition of Western European music.
1200s Manuscript Culture Develops out of this time period in cities in Europe, which denotes a shift from monasteries to cities for books.
1200s Paderborn Cathedral
1248 - 1880 Cologne Cathedral
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Hapsburg
1298 - 1308
10
1298 - 1308 10 Albert 1 ^Rudolph 1
1306 SaxonyAnhalt Stapelburg Castle
Luxembourg
1312 3
1
1308 - 13 5 Henry 7 HRE 1311 - 3 2
1310 Hamburg Neuwerk Castle
1312 BadenWürttemberg Schneeburg Castle
Wittelsbach
1314 47
33
1314 - 47 33 Louis 4 ^^Rudolph 1 HRE 1328 47 19
1320 Gunpowder by Berthold Schwarts
Hapsburg
1314 - 40
26
1314 - 40 26 Frederick the Fair ^Albert 1 Associated w/ Louis 4 25 30 5
1315 - 7 2 Great Famine of 1315 7 kills millions of people in Europe
1324 Thuringia Plaue Burg Castle
1327 SchleswigHolstein Herrenhaus Krummbek Castle
1328 Hesse Hessenstein Castle
1340 BadenWürttemberg Niederstotzingen Castle
1346 BadenWürttemberg Guessenburg Castle
1300s MecklenburgVorpommern Dargun Kloster und Schlossruine Castle
1338 RhinelandPalatinate Burg Ebernburg Castle
1347 - 51 4 Black Death kills around a third of the population of Europe.
Luxembourg
1346 - 78
32
1346 - 78 32 Charles 4 ^^ Henry 7 HRE 1355 78 23 Rival to Louis 4 46 7 1
1851 MecklenburgVorpommern Schwerin Schlossgarten Castle
1355 North RhineWestphalia ehreshoven Castle
1371 BadenWürttemberg Waldenbuch Castle
1373 Berlin and Brandenburg Britz Castle
1300s Lower Saxony Uhlenburg Castle
1349 Günther von Schwarzburg
1353 North RhineWestphalia Klusenstein Castle
Luxembourg
1376 - 1400
24
1376 - 1400 24 Wenceslaus ^^<Louis 4
1113 - 80 BadenWürttemberg Burgruine helfenstein Castle
1484 SaxonyAnhalt Moritzburg Castle
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Wittelsbach
1400 - 10
10

1400 - 10 10 Rupert of Palatinate ^^^< Louis 4

1400s Baden Württemberg Wandel Castle
1400s Baden Württemberg Dellmensingen Castle
Luxembourg
1410 - 37
27
1410 - 37 27 Sigismund ^ Charles 4 HRE 1433 - 7 4
1410 - 1 1 Jobst of Moravia ^< Charles 4 Rival
1412 Bavaria Mespelbrunn Castle
1419 - 34 15 Hussite Wars Holy Roman Empire, Royalists, Hungary, Pope, moderated Hussites (Utraquists), Serbian mercenaries
1422 Gollub War twomonth Teutonic Knights against the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1431 - 5 4 Polish–Teutonic War
Hapsburg
1438 - 1730
291
1438 - 9 1 Albert 2 ^=Sigismund
1438 Bavaria Blutenburg Castle
1439 Bavaria Rosenau Castle
1440 - 93 53 Frederick 3 HRE 1452 - 93 41 4th in descent from Albert 1; 2nd<< Albert 2
1381 - 1440 59 Johann Schiltberger Traveller throughout Middle East & Central Asia.
1450 Lower Saxony Haneburg Castle
1450 Lower Saxony Harderwykenburg Castle
1450 1st Book with Movable Type Mainz by Johannes Gutenberg (1398 1468 70) prints . goldsmith and printer who is credited with inventing movable type printing in Europe around 1439, and mechanical printing globally.
1455 Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg invents the in Europe
1423 - 61 38 Georg von Peuerbach German/Austrian Astronomer, Mathematician.
1461 BadenWürttemberg Hohenzollern Castle
1398 - 1468 70 John Gutenberg German who invented the printing press
1471 Saxony Albrechtsburg Castle
1467 - 79 12 War of the Priests
1470 BadenWürttemberg Hohenstaufen in Castle
1477 1st Watch introduced in Nuremberg
1486 - 1519 33 Maximilian 1 ^ HRE 1508 - 19 11
1493 - 1508 15 No Emperor
1454 - 66 13 13 Years' War between the Prussian Confederation and Poland versus the Teutonic Order state
1400 Rosicrucians begun Christian Rosenkreuz 
1471 - 1528 57 Albrecht Dürer Painter, Printmaker, Theorist Nuremberg
1460 - 1524 64 Hans Holbein the Elder Painter, Woodcut Artist, Book Illustrator, Church Window Designer.
1002 Mauterndorf Castle
1070 - 96 26 Ortenburg Castle
1075 - 8 3 Hohenwerfen Castle
1077 Hohensalzburg Castle
1050 - 1136 86 Leopold 3 Margrave of Austria, Saint
1100 Aggstein Castle
1100s Liechtenstein Castle
1100s Rosenburg Castle
1100s Sommeregg Castle
1121 Glanegg Burgruine Castle
1124 - 46 Griffen Burgruine Castle
1140 - 5 Burgruine Stahremberg Ausschnitt Castle
1157 Gussing Castle
1140 - 1200 Gurk Cathedral
1147 St. Stephen's Cathedral Wien Stefansdom Consecrated
1242 Mongols stop their westward advance at the gates of Vienna.
1200 Lockenhaus Castle
1200s Kufstein Castle
1218 Seggau Castle
1300s Landskron Castle
1311 - 9 8 Burgruine Neu Mont Fort
1400 Forchtenstein Castle