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Kingdom of Nekor Morocco 710 - 1019 309
Tulunid dynasty Egypt 868 - 905 37
Fatimid Caliphate Egypt
Makuria Kingdom Sudan 651 - 1333 582
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Kingdom of Nekor
710 - 1019
Banū Salih
Temsaman, Nekor, Morocco.
710 - 49 39 Salih 1 ibn Mansur alHimyari "al`Abd asSalih"
740 Battle of the Nobles
749 - 55 6 alMutasim ibn Salih said to have been very pious
755 - 760 5 Idris I ibn Salih who founded Nekor
760 - 803 43 Said I ibn Idris
who moved capital to Nekor. In his reign, Nekor was sacked by Vikings, who took many prisoners, a few of whom were ransomed by Umayyad ruler of Spain. Later, part of Ghomara tribe revolted, led by a person called Segguen; their revolt was defeated.
Kingdom of Nekor
710 - 1019
Banū Salih
803 - 64 61 Salih II ibn Said whose brother led a revolt against him, but was defeated.
859 Muslims establish oldest university in world, University of Al Karaouine, in Fez, Morocco
864 - 916 52 Said I ibn Salih his older brother & uncle led an unsuccessful revolt against him, but he was ultimately defeated & killed by Fatimid general Messala ibn Habus, who conquered area for six months. However, his sons took refuge in Málaga with Umayyad caliph, & returned once Messala had left region & successfully expelled his garrison.

Kingdom of Nekor
710 - 1019
Banū Salih
917 - 27 10 Salih 3 ibn Said in gratitude, he acknowledged Umayyads as rightful caliphs, thus transferring his nominal allegiance.
927 - 9 2 Abd alBadi ibn Salih "elMuayyid"; he was defeated & killed by another Fatimid general, Musa ibn AbilAfiya, who destroyed Nekor again. However, line was resumed (and city rebuilt) by:
930 - 5 5 Abu Ayyub Ismail ibn Abd al Malik ibn Abd arRahman ibn Said I ibn Salih who was defeated & killed by yet another Fatimid general, Sandal mawla. However, when Sandal departed for Fez, installing a governor called Marmazu of Kutama tribe, inhabitants rebelled & installed yet another member of line:
936 - 40 4 Musa ibn Rumi ibn Abd asSami` ibn Salih ibn Idris I ibn Salih who defeated Marmazu & sent his head to Umayyad Caliph in Cordoba. However, he was soon exiled by his relative:
940 - 7 7 Abd asSami ibn Jurthum ibn Idris ibn Salih I ibn Mansur His people rose up & killed him, & then sent for one of his relatives from Málaga:
947 - 70 23 Jurthum ibn Ahmad ibn Ziyadat Allah ibn Said I ibn Idris who adopted Maliki school of jurisprudence.
970 - 1019 49 ?
540 Battle of Babosis
540 Battle of Zerboule
547 Battle of Marta
600s Timgad, Algeria, is destroyed by Berbers.
772 Battle of Janbi
909 Fatimid Caliphate arises in eastern Algeria.
Vandal Kingdom
439 - 533 94
496 - 523 27 Thrasamund
523 - 30 7 Hilderic Deposed
530 - 3 3 Gelimer
533 Battle of Ad Decimum
533 Battle of Tricamarum
535 Battle of Mammes
535 Battle of Mount Bourgaon
537 Battle of Scalas Veteres
547 Battle of Sbeitla
548 Battle of Fields of Cato
670 Uqba Mosque Tunisia
698 Arabs capture Carthage from Byzantine Empire.
670 Establishment of Kairouan in Tunisa
703 AlZaytuna Mosque Tunisia
800 - 09
Tunis, Tunisa dynasty of governors Muslim
836 Great mosque at Kairouan built
Byzantine Province of Egypt
330 - 641
545 Nubian Kingdom of Nobatia converts to Christianity.
569 Nubian kingdom of Alodia converts to Christianity.
569 Nubian kingdom of Makuria converts to Christianity.
550s - 600 Virgin & Child with Saints & Angels, icon, is made. It is now kept at Saint Catherines Monastery, Mount Sinai, Egypt.
527 - 65 38 Saint Catherines Monastery Mount Sinai
Byzantine Province of Egypt
330 641
641 Conquered by Rashidun Caliphate from Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Rashidun Rule 641
616 Shah Chosroes 2 invades Egypt.
619 Battle of Alexandria
639 Muslim conquest of Egypt
641 First Muslim settlement in Egypt at Fustat (near Cairo)
641 Narrow Coptic period ends when Islam is introduced into Egypt.
642 Library of Alexandria destroyed again.
820 alShafii Founder of Shafii school of law
879 Ibn Tulun Mosque founded in Cairo
800s Broad Coptic period ends
876 - 9 3 Ibn Tulun Mosque egypt
Tulunid Emirate
868 - 905
969 Fatimids conquer Egypt; move their capital to Cairo
970 Foundation of alAzhar mosque in Cairo, often considered first university
965 - 1039 74 Alhazen B Basra D Cairo , a Muslim scientist & mathematician.
Ubayd Allah alMahdi Billah, founder of Fatamid dynasty of Egypt in 909
980 AlAzhar University is established in Cairo by Fatimid dynasty.
969 AlAzhar Mosque Egypt
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
@ Dongola, Sudan Nubian
651 - 73 22 Qalidurut Signed Baqt
673 - 96 23 Zacharias Rebuilt Cathedral of Dongola
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
822 - 35 13 Ioannes
835 - 56 21 Zakharias 1 ^
856 - 66 10 Georgios 1 of Makuriason of Zakharias
866 - 920 54 ?
Kingdom of Makuria
651 - 1333
920 - 30 10 Zakharias 2
943 Kabil
969 - 1002 35 Georgios 2
900s Christian Nubian kingdom reaches its peak of prosperity & military power (Early history of Sudan)