500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
 
 
 
Meroginvian 428 - 737 309
 
c
m
c
Carolingian 752 - 843 91
Kingdom of the Franks 428 - 843 420s
West Francia

 

S
G
Burgundy 2
 
MF
 
     
Arles
 
 
 
 
East Francia
German Kingdom
 
Holy Roman Empire 800 - 1806 1006
 
Th
 
 
Moravia
 
500s
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800s
900s
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Kingdom of Frisia
600 - 734
134
@Dorestad, Utrecht & others. Old Frisian. German Paganism. Monarchy
? 680 Aldgisl
680 - 719 39 Redbad
696 King rejects attempts to convert him to Christianity
Kingdom of Frisia
600 - 734
134
680 - 719 39 Redbad
719 - 34 15 Poppo
734 Battle of Boarn River

 

HRE's County of Holland
922 - 1795
873
Part of HRE
922 - 31 9 Dirk 1
931 - 9 8 Dirk 1 Bis ^
939 - 88 49 Dirk 2 ^
988 - 93 5 Arnulf ^
993 - 1039 46 Dirk 3 Hierosolymita <
1039 - 49 10 Dirk 4 ^
1049 - 61 12 Floris 1 < =Gertrude of Saxony
1061 - 91 30 Dirk 5 (1052 91 39) ^ =Othelhilde 2C
1091 - 1121 30 Floris 2 the Fat (1080 - 1121 41) ^ =GertrudePetronilla of Lorraine 4C
1121 - 57 36 Dirk 6 (1114 - 57 43) ^ =Sophie of Salm 9C
1157 - 90 33 Floris 3 (1141 - 90 49) ^ =Ada of Huntingdon 11C
1190 - 1203 13 Dirk 7 ^ =Adelaide of Cleves 2D
1203 - 7 4 Ada (1188 - 1223 35) ^ =Louis 1 0C
1203 - 7 4 Louis 1 X1218 ^ Gerhard 2, Count of Loon & Adelaide of Guelders =Ada 0C
1203 - 22 19 William 1 (1141 - 1222 81) ^Floris 3 & Ada of Huntingdon =1) Adelaide of Guelders 5C 2) Marie of Brabant 0C
1222 - 34 12 Floris 4 (1210 - 34 24) ^Adelaide =Matilde of Brabant 5C
1235 - 56 21 William 2 (1228 - 56 28) ^ =Elisabeth of BrunswickLüneburg 2C
1256 - 96 40 Floris 5 the Peasants' God ^
1296 - 9 3 John 1 ^
Avensis
1299 - 1354
55
1299 - 1304 5 John 2 (1247 - 1304 57) ^< =Philippa of Luxembourg 12C
1304 - 37 33 William 3 (1286 - 1337 51) ^ =Joan of Valois 8C
1337 - 45 8 William 4 (1307 - 45 38) ^ =Joanna, Duchess of Brabant 1S
1345 - 54 9 Margaret 1 (1311 - 56 45) < =
Louis HRE 10C
1350 - 1490 140 Hook and Cod wars
Wittelsbach
1354 - 1432
78
1354 - 88 34 William 5 (1330 - 89 59) ^
1388 - 1404 16 Albert 1 (1336 - 1404 68) <
1404 - 17 13 William 6 (1356 - 1417 61) ^
1418 - 32 14 War of Succesion. Jacqueline vs John 3.
1417 - 25 8 John 3 the Pitiless. Rival. v<
1417 - 32 15 Jacqueline ^ =1) John 4 2) Humphry 3) Francis
1418 - 27 9 John 4 =Jacqueline
1422 - 5 3 Humphry Duke of Glouchester =Jacqueline
1432 Francis, Lord of Borselen. =Jacqueline
Valois
1432 - 82
50
1432 - 67 35 Philip 1 the Good ^ John 3
1467 - 77 10 Charles 1 the Bold ^
1477 - 82 5 Mary 1 the Rich ^ =Maximilian HRE
Habsburg
1482 - 1581
99
1482 - 94 12 Maximilian HRE =Mary
1494 - 1506 12 Philip 2 the Handsome
1515 - 55 40 Charles 2, HRE Charles 5 * Spain.
1555 - 81 26 Philip 3
1581 Dutch Republic declares independance.

 

HRE's Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
Part of HRE
Stavelot
HRE's Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of HRE
716 Battle of Ambleve
HRE's Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of HRE
800 Poilvache Castle
800s Male SintTrudoabdij Castle
862 Rumbeke Castle
891 Battle of Leuven
HRE's Principality of StavelotMalmedy
651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of HRE
988m Bouillon Castle
     
County of Flanders
862 - 1795
932
Bruges, then Ghent
Old Frisian
, Old Dutch, Dietsch, Dutch, Flemish.
Catholic Church
Protestantism. Monarchy
Flanders
862 - 1119
247
862 - 79 17 Count Baldwin 1 Iron Arm. =Judith & granted Flanders.
879 - 918 39
Baldwin 2 the Bald ^
918 - 64 46
Arnulf 1 the Great ^
958 - 62 4 Baldwin 3 ^
964 - 88 24 Arnulf 2 ^
988 - 1037 49
Baldwin 4 the Bearded ^
1037 - 67 30
Baldwin 5 of Lille ^
1067 - 70 3
Baldwin 6 ^
1071 - 93 22
Robert 1 the Frisian <
1093 - 1111 18
Robert 2 ^
1111 - 9 7
Baldwin 7 Hapkin ^
Estridsen
1119 - 27
8
1119 27 8 Charles 1 the Good <<
Normandy
1127 - 8 1
1127 - 8 1 William 1 Clito ^^^ Baldwin 5. Designated by Louis 6 of France
Alsace (Metz)
1128 - 94
36
1128 - 68 40 Thierry ^^Robert 1. Recognised by Louis 6 of France
1168 - 91 23
Philip 1 ^
1191 - 4 3
Margaret 1 =Baldwin
Flanders
1191 - 1247 56
1191 - 3 2 Baldwin 8 of Hainaut =Margaret 1 ^^^^Baldwin 6. Count of Hainaut.
1194 - 1205 11
Baldwin 9 ^. Latin Emperor of Constantinople
1205 - 44 39
Joan 1 ^
1212 - 33 21
Ferdinand
1237 - 44 7
Thomas
1244 - 54 10 War of the Succession of Flanders and Hainault. Flanders and Hainaut claimed by Margaret 2's sons, the halfbrothers John 1 of Avesnes & William 3 of Dampierre
1244 - 78 34 Margaret 2 <Joan =1) Bourchard 4 of Aves, 2) William 2 of Dampierre
1244 - 6 2 1st Conflict
1248 - 53 5 2nd Conflict
1247 - 51 4 William 3 of Dampierre ^
1253 Battle of Capelle
1254 3rd Conflict
1251 - 1305 52 Guy of Dampierre <
Dampierre
1247 - 1404
157
1247 - 51 4 William 1 ^Margaret & William
1251 - 1305 54
Guy 1 (1226 1305 79) < Imprisoned 53 6 3 by John 1 of Avesnes, also Count of Namur
1305 - 22 17
Robert 3 the Lion ^
1322 - 46 24
Louis 1 ^
1346 - 84 48
Louis 2 ^
1384 - 1405 21
Margaret 3 ^
1384 - 1404 20 Philip 2 Duke of Burgundy =Margaret
Burgundy
1405 - 82
77
1405 - 19 14 John the Fearless ^
1419 - 67 48
Philip 3 the Good ^
Country of Flanders
862 - 1795
932
       
PrinceBishopric of Liège
980 - 1795
815
Liège
       
HRE's County of Luxembourg
963 - 1354
391
Part of HRE
963 - 98 35 Siegfried 922 - 98 66
998 - 1026 28 Henry 1 964 1026 62 ^
1026 - 47 21 Henry 2 1007 - 47 40 ^<
1047 - 59 12 Giselbert 1007 - 59 57 <
1059 - 86 27 Conrad 1 1040 - 86 46 ^
1086 - 96 10 Henry 3 1070 - 96 26 ^
1096 - 1131 35 William 1 1081 - 1131 50 <
1131 - 6 5 Conrad 2 1106 36 30 ^
LuxembourgNamur
1136 - 96
60
1136 - 96 60 Henry 4 the Blind 1112 - 96 84 <<
Hohenstaufen
1196 - 7
1
1196 7 1 Otto 1170 - 1200 30 <<<
LuxembourgNamur
1197 - 1226
29
1197 - 1247 50 Queen Ermesinde 1187 - 1247 60 ^Henry 4 =1) Theobald 1 2) Waleran
1197 - 1214 17 Theobald 1 =Ermesinde
1214 - 26 12 Waleran (1180 - 1226 46) =Ermesinde
LuxembourgLimburg
1247 - 1354
107
1247 - 81 34 Henry 5 the Blonde 1216 - 81 65 ^
1281 - 8 7 Henry 6 the Condemned 1240 - 88 48 ^
1288 - 1313 25 Henry 7 1270 - 1346 76 ^
1313 - 46 33 John the Blind 1296 - 1346 50 ^
1346 - 53 7 Charles 1 The Popish King 1316 - 78 62 ^
1353 - 4 1 Wenceslaus 1 1337 - 83 56 <
Duchy of Luxembourg
1353 - 1482
129
1354 - 83 29 Wenceslaus 1 1337 83 56 <
1383 - 8 5 Wenceslaus 2 the Lazy 1361 - 1419 58 ^<
1388 - 1411 23 Jobst 1351 - 1411 60 <<
1411 - 43 34 Elisabeth 1 1390 - 1451 61 << =1) Anthony 2) John 2 the Pitiless
1411 - 5 4 Anthony 1384 1415 31 =Elisabeth
1418 - 25 7 John 2 the Pitiless 1374 1425 - 51 =Elisabeth
ValoisBurgundy
1443 - 82
39
1443 - 67 24 Philip 1 the Good 1396 - 1467 71 << Usurper
1467 - 77 10 Charles 2 the Bold 1433 - 77 44 ^
1477 - 1482 5 Mary 1 the Rich 1457 - 82 25 ^ =Maximilian
1477 - 1482 5 Maximilian 1 the Last Night 1459 - 1519 60 =Mary
Habsburg
1482 - 1700
218
1482 - 1506 24 Philip 2 the Handsome 1478 1506 28 ^
1506 - 56 50 Charles 3 the Golden One 1500 - 58 58 ^
1556 - 98 42 Philip 3 the Prudent 1527 - 58 31 ^
1598 - 1621 23 Isabella Clara Eugenia 1566 - 1633 67 ^ =Albert
1598 - 1621 23 Albert 1559 - 1621 62 =Isabella
1621 - 65 44 Philip 4 the Great 1605 65 60 ^<
1665 - 1700 35 Charles 4 the Bewitched 1661 - 1700 39 ^
Bourbon
1700 - 12
12
1700 - 12 12 Philip 5 1683 - 1746 64 ^^<
Wittelsbach
1712 - 3
1
1712 - 3 1 Maximilian 2 1662 - 1726 64 <<
Habsburg
1713 - 80
67
1713 - 40 27 Charles 5 1685 - 1740 55 <<<
1740 - 80 40 Maria 2 Theresa 1717 - 80 63 ^
Lorraine
1740 - 94
54
1740 - 65 25 Francis 1
Kingdom of Burgundy
390 - 532 142
516 - 23 7 Sigismund, son of Gundobad
523 - 34 11 Godomar ^Gundobad then conquered by the Franks
600s MidiPyrénées Foix Castle
717 Battle of Vincy
718 Battle of Soissons
721 Battle of Toulouse

814 Death of Charlemagne
8 1200s Pays de la Loire Angers Castle
800 RhôneAlpes Grangent Castle
800s Lorraine Hatton Castle
800s Lorraine Rothenburg Castle
800s MidiPyrénées Belcastel Castle
800s PoitouCharentes Montignac Castle
800s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur Emperi Castle
800s - 1680s Sarlat Cathedral
800s Aleth Cathedral
845 Battle of Ballon
850 Diocese of Eauze Cathedral
923 Battle of Soissons
Arles Burgundy 2
933 - 1378 445
(Second Kingdom of Burgundy) France
900 Europe was beginning to take shape as it is today. France, Austria and Germany grew strong.
Normandy broke away from France under the leadership of Robert, First Duke of Normandy.
912 GonguHrolf and his men take lands in Normandy as vassals of the French king. Their descendants become the Normans.
912 - 1400s 490s Age of Chivalry The knights swore to be true to their trusts as the champions of God and the ladies. Flourished from the eleventh to the fifteenth century. Chivalry commenced. The knights swore to be true to their trusts as the champions of God and the ladies. Chivalry flourished from the eleventh to the fifteenth century.
2nd Kingdom of Burdundy
Upper Burgundy
912 - 37 25 Rudolf 2 In 933 Rudolph ceded his claims to the Kingdom of Italy to Hugh of Arles and in return gained the Kingdom of Provence, thus reuniting the two territories.
937 - 93 56 Conrad 1
900s Foundation of Cluny 1st federated monastic order
9 - 1200s RhôneAlpes Ivrylabataille Castle
9 - 1700s FrancheComté Raysursaone Castle
900s - 1500s Picardy De Guise Castle
900s RhôneAlpes Chevron Castle birth of pope
900s Burgundy Montaigu Castle
900s Burgundy Saint Fargeau Castle
900s Centre Chaumont Castle
900s LanguedocRoussillon Roquessels Castle
900s Lorraine Bruyeres Castle
900s Pays de la Loire Portic Castle
900s ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur BAUX Castle
900s RhôneAlpes Larringes Castle
990 LanguedocRoussillon Castelnou Castle
996 ÎledeFrance Donjon Castle
902 Grenoble Cathedral 1st Mention
936 SaintPonsdeThomières Cathedral Founded
Kingdom of the Franks
420s - 843
420's
466 - 511 47 Clovis I
507 Battle of Vouille
511 - 58
47 Childebert 1 ^
524 Battle of Vezeronce
500s Breaststrap horse harness in use in Frankish kingdom.
558 - 61 3 Chlothar 1 the Old <
561 - 7 6 Charibert 1 ^
567 - 84 17 Chilperic 1 < * Paris, Nuestria
584 - 629 45 Chlothar 2 the Great, the Young ^ * Nuestria, Paris 95 Frank 13 29
538 - 94 66 Gregory of Tours Frankish bishop and historian
Kingdom of the Franks
420s - 843
420's
584 - 629 45 Chlothar the Great, the Young ^ * Nuestria, Paris 95 Frank 13 29
629 - 39 10 Dagobert 1 ^
639 - 57 18 Clovis 2 the lazy ^
657 - 73 16 Chlothar 3 ^
673 Theuderic 3 <
673 - 5 2 Childeric 2 <
675 - 91 16 Theuderic 3 <
691 - 5 4 Clovis 4 ^
600 - 793 193 FrisianFrankish Wars
623 The Frankish merchant Samo, supporting the Slavs fighting their Avar rulers, becomes the ruler of the first known Slav state in Central Europe.
Kingdom of the Franks
420s - 843
420's
695 - 711 16 Childebert 3 the Just < * Franks
711 - 5 4 Dagobert 3 ^ * Franks
715 - 21 6 Chilperic 2 ^ Childeric 2 * Nuestria, Burgundy 19 Franks
715 - 8 3 Frankish Civil War
721 - 37 16 Theuderic 4 ^ Dagobert 3 * Franks
732 Battle of Tours
Charles Martel, King of the Franks, defeats Muslim army Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks Charles Martel and his men defeat a large army of Moors under the governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, who is killed during the battle. The Battle of Tours halts the advance of Islam into Western Europe and establishes a balance of power between Western Europe, Islam and the Byzantine Empire.
1st Carolingian Interregnum
737 - 43
6
737 - 41 4 Charles MartelMayor of the Palace took over when Theuderic died
741 - 3 2 Pepin the Short ^ Mayor of the Palace
743 Treaty of Verdun
2nd Merovingian
743 52
9
743 - 52 9 Childeric 3 ^ Theuderic 4 * Franks Deposed by Pepin the Short
2nd Carolingian
752 843
91
752 - 68 16 Pepin the Short ^ Charles Martel * Franks
768 Pepin dies; Charles becomes king at Noyan and his brother Carloman becomes king at Soissons.
768 - 71 3 Carloman 1 ^ * Franks
768 - 814 46 Charlomagne < * Franks 800 ** Romans Charles the Great. Strongest and tallest man of his time, but plain in dress and diet. Carolingian Renaissance in Western Europe.
Charlemagne, Charles the Prince 1995
772 - 804 32 Charlemagne invades what is now northwestern Germany, battling the Saxons for more than thirty years and finally crushing their rebellion, incorporating Saxony into the Frankish Empire and the Christian world.
772 Destroys the Irminsul
793 Last uprising of the Frisians. Frisian–Frankish wars come to an end with the
Kingdom of the Franks
420s - 843
420's
2nd Carolingian
752 - 843
91
768 - 814 46 Charlomagne
800 Charlemagne proclaimed Emperor in Rome
814 - 40 26 Louis the Pious
798 - 818 20 Theodulf of Orléans Scholar, Poet, Bishop of Orleans
840 - 55 15 Lothar 1 king under his father since 817
855 Divided into 3 Kingdoms under Lothars sons: Italy, Lotharingia & Province.
Kingdom of West Francia
843 - 987 144
843 Treaty of Verdun. The three sons of Louis the Pious split the Carolingian empire into three divisions; East Francia was given to Louis the German, West Francia to Charles the Bald and Middle Francia to Lothair I.
Carolingian
843 - 88
45
843 - 77 34 Charles 2 the Bald King of Italy & Emp 875
877 - 9 2 Louis 2 the Stammerer
879 - 82 3 Louis 3
879 - 84 5 Carloman 2
884 - 8 4 Charles the Fat Emp 881
Robertian
888 - 98
10
888 - 98 10 Odo
Carolingian
898 - 922 24
898 - 922 24 Charles 3 the Simple
France
428 - 843
415
Carolingian 752 - 987 235
814 - 40 26 Louis 1 the Pious, the Debonaire ^ * Franks ** Romans
840 - 77 37 Charles 2 the Bald ^ * Franks 75 77 ** Romans. After Treaty of Verdun Francia becomes West Francia, Middle Francia & East Francia (Germany)
843 1st image of a rotary grindstone in a European source in the Utrecht Psalter.
Kingdom of West Francia
843 - 987 144
Carolingian
898 - 922 24
898 - 922 24 Charles 3 the Simple
912 GonguHrolf and his Norsemen take lands in Normandy as vassals of the French king. They become the Normans.
Robertian
922 - 36
14
922 - 3 1 Robert 1
923 - 36 13 Rudolph
930 1400s 470s Age of Chivalry The knights swore to be true to their trusts as the champions of God and the ladies. Chivalry flourished from the eleventh to the fifteenth century. By Odo of Cluny
Carolingian
936 - 87
51
936 - 54 18 Louis 4"Transmarinus"
949 20th century Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that the positions of the eight planets and Pluto were within the same 90° arc of the Solar System on 1 February . It is predicted this would next occur on 6 May 1492.
954 - 86 32 Lothair
970s? Page with David the Psalmist, from the Paris Psalter, is made. It is now kept at Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris.
977 - 8 1 War of the 3 Henrys Part of the French Wars of Religion
986 - 7 1 Louis 5
Capetian
987 - 1328
341
987 - 96 9 Hugh Capet 938 - 96 58
     
Kingdom of Middle Francia (Lotharingia)
843 - 55
12
843 - 55 12 Lothair 1 Emp fm 824 SE fm 840 Then realm divided between his sons
855 - 75 20 Louis 2 Eldest son Emp and King of Italy
855 - 63 8 Charles youngest son South Middle Francia
 
     
Kingdom of Lotharingia (Lorraine)
855 - 911
56
@France, Germany, Switzerland
855 - 69 14 Lothar 2 subsumed his portion of Burgundy into the Kingdom of Lotharingia and at his brother Charles' death, gained some northern districts of the deceased's kingdom.
869 Treaty of Mersen Divided between his uncles Charles the Bald and Louis the German.
869 - 88 19 Charles the Fat **
869 - 84 15 Reunited all Frankish kingdoms except Provence
888 Nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy assembled at St Maurice and elected Rudolph, count of Auxerre, from the Elder Welf family, as king. At first, he tried to reunite the realm of Lothar 2, but opposition by Arnulf of Carinthia forced him to focus on his Burgundian territory.
888 912 24 Rudolf 1
Duchy of Lotharingia
911 - 29
18
929 Conquered by Otto 1
         
       
900s Gottlieben Castle Switzerland
     
814 Liechtenstein becomes
 
 
600 BadenWürttemberg Meersburg Castle
700s Heavy plow in use in the Rhine valley.
704 Bavaria Marienberg Castle
700 - 2000s 1300s Regensburg Cathedral
716 Battle of Cologne
796 - 1881 1085 Aachen Cathedral

Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Germany
Carolingian
843 - 911
68
843 - 76 33 Louis the German ^^ Charlamaigne
876 - 82 6 Louis the Younger ^
876 - 80 4 Carloman ^ Louis the German
876 - 87 11 Charles the FatKarl 3 King of Italy ^ Louis the German
877 - 99 22 Arnulf of Carinthia ^ Carloman
894 - 970 76 Magyar Raids in Germany, France, Italy and Byzantine
800 BadenWürttemberg Bussen Castle
800 Bavaria Irmelshausen Castle
800 1497 Erfurt Cathedral
805 Münster Cathedral
845 1275 Essen Cathedral
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Germany no capital Officially known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from 1512 on.
Carolingian
843 - 911
68
900 - 11 11 Louis the Child
Conradine (Franconian)
911 - 18
7
911 - 18 7 Conrad 1
Luidolfing
919 - 36
17
919 - 36 17 Henry 1 the FowlerLower Saxony Scharzfels 900s
Luitpolding (Bavarian)
919 - 36
17
919 - 21 2 Arnulf the Bad Rival king to Henry I
933 Battle of Riade
Ottonian
936 - 1024
88
936 - 73 37 Otto 1 the Great 912 - 73 61 HRE 962 73 11
950 Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart old castle
969 Bavaria Herrenchiemsee
967 - 83 16 Otto 2 the Red ^ 955 - 83 28), HRE
973 - 83
10
Lower Saxony Celler_Schloss 980 1st
996 - 1002 6 Otto 3 ^ 980 - 1002 22 HRE 983 - 1002 19
910 - 1235 Limburg Cathedral Hesse
975 - 1975 Mainz Cathedral
552 Battle of Asfeld
Kingdom of Carantania
658 - 745 87
Karnburg
*?
Kingdom of Carantania
658 - 745 87
Karnburg
745 Annexed by Frankish Empire
860 Hochosterwitz Castle