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500s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
600s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  700s  
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
800s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
900s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
 
 
 
Meroginvian 428 - 737 309
 
c
m
c
Carolingian 752 - 843 91
Kingdom of Franks 428 - 843 420s
West Francia
Kingom of Arles
S
G
Burgundy 2
 
MF
 
 
 
 
 
East Francia
German Kingdom
 
Holy Roman Empire 800 - 1806 1006
 
Th
 
 
Moravia
 
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
 
Kingdom of Frisia
600 - 734
134
@Dorestad, Utrecht & others. Old Frisian. German Paganism. Monarchy
? 680 Aldgisl
680 - 719 39 Redbad
696 King rejects attempts to convert him to Christianity
Kingdom of Frisia
600 - 734
134
680 - 719 39 Redbad
719 - 34 15 Poppo
734 Battle of Boarn River
 
HRE's County of Holland
922 - 1795
873
Part of **
922 - 31 9 Dirk 1
931 - 9 8 Dirk 1 Bis ^
939 - 88 49 Dirk 2 ^
988 - 93 5 Arnulf ^
993 - 1039 46 Dirk 3 Hierosolymita <
1039 - 49 10 Dirk 4 ^
1049 - 61 12 Floris 1 < =Gertrude of Saxony
1061 - 91 30 Dirk 5 (1052 91 39) ^ =Othelhilde 2C
1091 - 1121 30 Floris 2 Fat (1080 - 1121 41) ^ =GertrudePetronilla of Lorraine 4C
1121 - 57 36 Dirk 6 (1114 - 57 43) ^ =Sophie of Salm 9C
1157 - 90 33 Floris 3 (1141 - 90 49) ^ =Ada of Huntingdon 11C
1190 - 1203 13 Dirk 7 ^ =Adelaide of Cleves 2D
1203 - 7 4 Ada (1188 - 1223 35) ^ =Louis 1 0C
1203 - 7 4 Louis 1 X1218 ^ Gerhard 2, Count of Loon & Adelaide of Guelders =Ada 0C
1203 - 22 19 William 1 (1141 - 1222 81) ^Floris 3 & Ada of Huntingdon =1) Adelaide of Guelders 5C 2) Marie of Brabant 0C
1222 - 34 12 Floris 4 (1210 - 34 24) ^Adelaide =Matilde of Brabant 5C
1235 - 56 21 William 2 (1228 - 56 28) ^ =Elisabeth of BrunswickLüneburg 2C
1256 - 96 40 Floris 5 Peasants' God ^
1296 - 9 3 John 1 ^
Avensis
1299 - 1354
55
1299 - 1304 5 John 2 (1247 - 1304 57) ^< =Philippa of Luxembourg 12C
1304 - 37 33 William 3 (1286 - 1337 51) ^ =Joan of Valois 8C
1337 - 45 8 William 4 (1307 - 45 38) ^ =Joanna, Duchess of Brabant 1S
1345 - 54 9 Margaret 1 (1311 - 56 45) < =Louis ** 10C
1350 - 1490 140 Hook & Cod wars
Wittelsbach
1354 - 1432
78
1354 - 88 34 William 5 (1330 - 89 59) ^
1388 - 1404 16 Albert 1 (1336 - 1404 68) <
1404 - 17 13 William 6 (1356 - 1417 61) ^

1418 - 32 14 War of Succesion. Jacqueline vs John 3.
1417 - 25 8 John 3 Pitiless. Rival. v<
1417 - 32 15 Jacqueline ^ =1) John 4 2) Humphry 3) Francis
1418 - 27 9 John 4 =Jacqueline
1422 - 5 3 Humphry Duke of Glouchester =Jacqueline
1432 Francis, Lord of Borselen. =Jacqueline
Valois
1432 - 82
50
1432 - 67 35 Philip 1 Good ^ John 3
1467 - 77 10 Charles 1 Bold ^
1477 - 82 5 Mary 1 Rich ^ =Maximilian HRE
Habsburg
1482 - 1581
99
1482 - 94 12 Maximilian ** =Mary
1494 - 1506 12 Philip 2 Handsome
1515 - 55 40 Charles 2 ** Charles 5 * Spain.
1555 - 81 26 Philip 3
1581 Dutch Republic declares independance
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
 
HRE's Principality of
Stavelot-Malmedy

651 - 1795
1144
Part of **
Stavelot
HRE's Principality of
Stavelot-Malmedy

651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of **
716 Battle of Ambleve
HRE's Principality of
Stavelot-Malmedy

651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of HRE
800 mi Poilvache Castle
800s Male SintTrudoabdij Castle
862 Rumbeke Castle
891 Battle of Leuven
HRE's Principality of
Stavelot-Malmedy

651 - 1795
1144
@ Stavelot. Part of HRE
988m mi Bouillon Castle
     
County of Flanders
862 - 1795 932
Bruges, then Ghent
Old Frisian
, Old Dutch, Dietsch, Dutch, Flemish.
Catholic Church
Protestantism. Monarchy
Flanders
862 - 1119
247
862 - 79 17 Count Baldwin 1 Iron Arm. =Judith & granted Flanders.
879 - 918 39 Baldwin 2 Bald ^
Country of Flanders
862 - 1795
932
918 - 64 46 Arnulf 1 Great ^
958 - 62 4 Baldwin 3 ^
964 - 88 24 Arnulf 2 ^
988 - 1037 49 Baldwin 4 Bearded ^
1037 - 67 30 Baldwin 5 of Lille ^
1067 - 70 3 Baldwin 6 ^
1071 - 93 22 Robert 1 Frisian <
1093 - 1111 18 Robert 2 ^
1111 - 9 7 Baldwin 7 Hapkin ^
Estridsen
1119 - 27
8
1119 - 27 8 Charles 1 Good <<
Normandy
1127 - 8 1
1127 - 8 1 William 1 Clito ^^^ Baldwin 5. Designated by Louis 6 of France
 
Alsace (Metz)
1128 - 94
36
1128 - 68 40 Thierry ^^Robert 1. Recognised by Louis 6 of France
1168 - 91 23 Philip 1 ^
1191 - 4 3 Margaret 1 =Baldwin
Flanders
1191 - 1247 56
1191 - 3 2 Baldwin 8 of Hainaut =Margaret 1 ^^^^Baldwin 6. Count of Hainaut.
1194 - 1205 11 Baldwin 9 ^. Latin Emperor of Constantinople
1205 - 44 39 Joan 1 ^
1212 - 33 21 Ferdinand
1237 - 44 7 Thomas
1244 - 54 10 War of Succession of Flanders & Hainault. Flanders & Hainaut claimed by Margaret 2's sons, halfbrothers John 1 of Avesnes & William 3 of Dampierre
1244 - 78 34 Margaret 2
<Joan =1) Bourchard 4 of Aves, 2)
William 2 of Dampierre
1244 - 6 2 1st Conflict
1248 - 53 5 2nd Conflict
1247 - 51 4 William 3 of Dampierre ^
1253 mi Battle of Capelle
1254 3rd Conflict
1251 - 1305 52 mi Guy of Dampierre <
Dampierre
1247 - 1404
157
1247 - 51 4 William 1 ^Margaret & William
1251 - 1305 54 Guy 1 (1226 1305 79) < Imprisoned 53 6 3 by John 1 of Avesnes, also Count of Namur
1305 - 22 17 Robert 3 Lion ^
1322 - 46 24 Louis 1 ^
1346 - 84 48 Louis 2 ^
1384 - 1405 21 Margaret 3 ^
1384 - 1404 20 Philip 2 Duke of Burgundy =Margaret
Burgundy
1405 - 82
77
1405 - 19 14 John Fearless ^
1419 - 67 48 Philip 3 Good ^
       
Prince-Bishopric of Liège
980 - 1795
815
Liège
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
       
HRE's County of Luxembourg
963 - 1354
391
Part of HRE
963 - 98 35 nt Siegfried 922 - 98 66
998 - 1026 28 Henry 1 964 1026 62 ^
1026 - 47 21 Henry 2 1007 - 47 40 ^<
1047 - 59 12 Giselbert 1007 - 59 57 <
1059 - 86 27 Conrad 1 1040 - 86 46 ^
1086 - 96 10 Henry 3 1070 - 96 26 ^
1096 - 1131 35 William 1
1081 - 1131 50 <
1131 - 6 5 Conrad 2 1106 - 36 30 ^
Luxembourg-Namur 1
1136 - 96
60
1136 - 96 60 Henry 4 Blind
1112 - 96 84 <<
Hohenstaufen
1196 - 7
1
1196 7 1 Otto 1170 - 1200 30 <<<
Luxembourg-Namur 2
1197 - 1226
29
1197 - 1247 50 Queen Ermesinde
1187 - 1247 60 ^Henry 4 =1) Theobald 1 2) Waleran
1197 - 1214 17 Theobald 1 =Ermesinde
1214 - 26 12 Waleran
1180 - 1226 46 =Ermesinde
Luxembourg-Limburg
1247 - 1354
107
1247 - 81 34 Henry 5 Blonde
1216 - 81 65 ^
1281 - 8 7 Henry 6 Condemned
1240 - 88 48 ^
1288 - 1313 25 Henry 7 1270 - 1346 76 ^
1313 - 46 33 John Blind 1296 - 1346 50 ^
1346 - 53 7 Charles 1 Popish King
1316 - 78 62 ^
1353 - 4 1 Wenceslaus 1 1337 - 83 56 <

Duchy of Luxembourg
1353 - 1482
129
1354 - 83 29 Wenceslaus 1 1337 - 83 56 <
1383 - 8 5 Wenceslaus 2 Lazy
1361 - 1419 58 ^<
1388 - 1411 23 Jobst 1351 - 1411 60 <<
1411 - 43 34 Elisabeth 1 1390 - 1451 61 << =1) Anthony 2) John 2 Pitiless
1411 - 5 4 Anthony
1384 - 1415 31 =Elisabeth
1418 - 25 7 John 2 Pitiless
1374 - 1425 
51 =Elisabeth
Valois-Burgundy
1443 - 82
39
1443 - 67 24 Philip 1 Good
1396 - 1467 71 << Usurper
1467 - 77 10 Charles 2 Bold
1433 - 77 44 ^
1477 - 1482 5 Mary 1 Rich
1457 - 82 25 ^ =Maximilian
1477 - 1482 5 Maximilian 1 Last Night 1459 - 1519 60 =Mary
Habsburg 1
1482 - 1700
218
1482 - 1506 24 Philip 2 Handsome
1478 - 1506 28 ^
1506 - 56 50 Charles 3 Golden One
1500 - 58 58 ^
1556 - 98 42 Philip 3 Prudent
1527 - 58 31 ^
1598 - 1621 23 Isabella Clara Eugenia 1566 - 1633 67 ^ =Albert
1598 - 1621 23 Albert
1559 - 1621 62 =Isabella
1621 - 65 44 Philip 4 Great
1605 - 65 60 ^<
1665 - 1700 35 Charles 4 Bewitched 1661 - 1700 39 ^
Bourbon
1700 - 12
12
1700 - 12 12 Philip 5 1683 - 1746 64 ^^<
Wittelsbach
1712 - 3
1
1712 - 3 1 Maximilian 2
1662 - 1726 64 <<
Habsburg 2
1713 - 80
67
1713 - 40 27 Charles 5
1685 - 1740 55 <<<
1740 - 80 40 Maria 2 Theresa
1717 - 80 63 ^
Lorraine
1740 - 94
54
1740 - 65 25 Francis 1
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
Kingdom of Burgundy
390 - 532 142
516 - 23 7 mi Sigismund, ^ Gundobad
523 - 34 11 Godomar ^Gundobad then conquered by Franks
600s mi Foix Castle MidiPyrénées
717 Battle of Vincy
718 Battle of Soissons
721 Battle of Toulouse
814 Death of Charlemagne
8 1200s mi Pays de la Loire Angers Castle
800 Grangent Castle RhôneAlpes
800s Hatton Castle Lorraine
800s Rothenburg Castle Lorraine
800s Belcastel Castle MidiPyrénées
800s Montignac Castle PoitouCharentes
800s Emperi Castle Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur
800s - 1680s Sarlat Cathedral
800s Aleth Cathedral
845 Battle of Ballon
850 Diocese of Eauze Cathedral
923 Battle of Soissons
Arles Burgundy 2
933 - 1378
445
(Second Kingdom of Burgundy) France
900 Europe was beginning to take shape as it is today. France, Austria & Germany grew strong.
Normandy broke away from France under leadership of Robert, First Duke of Normandy.
912 GonguHrolf & his men take lands in Normandy as vassals of French king. Their descendants become Normans.
912 - 1400s 490s Age of Chivalry knights swore to be true to their trusts as champions of God & ladies. Flourished from eleventh to fifteenth century. Chivalry commenced. knights swore to be true to their trusts as champions of God & ladies. Chivalry flourished from eleventh to fifteenth century.
2nd Kingdom of Burdundy
Upper Burgundy
912 - 37 25 Rudolf 2 In 933 Rudolph ceded his claims to Kingdom of Italy to Hugh of Arles & in return gained Kingdom of Provence, thus reuniting two territories.
937 - 93 56 Conrad 1
900s Foundation of Cluny 1st federated monastic order
9 - 1200s mi Ivrylabataille Castle RhôneAlpes
9 - 1700s Raysursaone Castle FrancheComté
900s - 1500s De Guise Castle Picardy
900s Chevron CastleRhôneAlpesbirth of pope
900s Montaigu Castle Burgundy
900s Saint Fargeau Castle Burgundy
900s mi Chaumont Castle Centre
900sRoquessels Castle LanguedocRoussillon
900sBruyeres Castle Lorraine
900s Portic Castle Pays de la Loire
900s BAUX Castle ProvenceAlpesCôte d'Azur
900sLarringes Castle RhôneAlpes
990 Castelnou Castle LanguedocRoussillon
996Donjon Castle ÎledeFrance
902 Grenoble Cathedral 1st Mention
936 SaintPonsdeThomières Cathedral Founded
466 - 511 47 Clovis 1
507 Battle of Vouille
511 - 58 47 Childebert 1 ^
524 Battle of Vezeronce
500s Breaststrap horse harness in use in Frankish kingdom.
558 - 61 3 Chlothar 1 Old <
561 - 7 6 Charibert 1 ^
567 - 84 17 Chilperic 1
< * Paris, Nuestria
584 - 629 45 Chlothar 2 Great Young
^ * Nuestria, Paris 95 Frank 13 29
538 - 94 66 mi Gregory of Tours Frankish bishop & historian
584 - 629 45 Chlothar Great Young ^ * Nuestria, Paris 95 Frank 13 29
629 - 39 10 Dagobert 1 ^
639 - 57 18 Clovis 2 lazy ^
657 - 73 16 Chlothar 3 ^
673 Theuderic 3 <
673 - 5 2 Childeric 2 <
675 - 91 16 Theuderic 3 <
691 - 5 4 Clovis 4 ^
600 - 793 193 nt Frisian - Frankish Wars
623 Frankish merchant Samo, supporting Slavs fighting their Avar rulers, becomes ruler of first known Slav state in Central Europe.
695 - 711 16 Childebert 3 Just < * Franks
711 - 5 4 Dagobert 3 ^ * Franks
715 - 21 6 Chilperic 2 ^ Childeric 2 * Nuestria, Burgundy 19 Franks
715 - 8 3 mi Frankish Civil War
721 - 37 16 Theuderic 4 ^ Dagobert 3
732 Battle of Tours
Charles Martel, King of Franks, defeats Muslim army Near Poitiers, France, leader of Franks Charles Martel & his men defeat a large army of Moors under governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, who is killed during battle. Battle of Tours halts advance of Islam into Western Europe & establishes a balance of power between Western Europe, Islam & Byzantine Empire.
1st Carolingian Interregnum
737 - 43
6
737 - 41 4 Charles Martel Mayor of Palace took over when Theuderic died
741 - 3 2 Pepin Short ^ Mayor of Palace
743 Treaty of Verdun
2nd Merovingian
743 - 52
9
743 - 52 9 mi Childeric 3 ^ Theuderic 4 * Franks Deposed by Pepin Short
2nd Carolingian
752 843
91
752 - 68 16 Pepin Short
^ Charles Martel * Franks
768 Pepin dies; Charles becomes king at Noyan & his brother Carloman becomes king at Soissons.
768 - 71 3 Carloman 1 ^ * Franks
768 - 814 46 mi Charlomagne < * Franks 800 ** Romans Charles Great. Strongest & tallest man of his time, but plain in dress & diet. Carolingian Renaissance in Western Europe.
Charlemagne, Charles Prince 1995
772 - 804 32 Charlemagne invades what is now northwestern Germany, battling Saxons for more than thirty years & finally crushing their rebellion, incorporating Saxony into Frankish Empire & Christian world.
772 Destroys Irminsul
793 nt Last uprising of Frisians
Frisian - Frankish wars
end
Kingdom of Franks
420s - 843 420's
2nd Carolingian
752 - 843
91
768 - 814 46 Charlomagne
800 Charlemagne proclaimed Emperor in Rome
814 - 40 26 nt Louis Pious
798 - 818 20 Theodulf of Orléans Scholar, Poet, Bishop of Orleans
840 - 55 15 mi Lothar 1 king under his father since 817
855 Divided into 3 Kingdoms under sons: Italy, Lotharingia & Province.
Kingdom of West Francia
843 - 987 144
843 Treaty of Verdun 3 sons of Louis Pious split Carolingian empire into three divisions; East Francia was given to Louis German, West Francia to Charles Bald & Middle Francia to Lothair 1
1st Carolingian
843 - 88
45
843 - 77 34 Charles 2 Bald King of Italy & Emp 875
877 - 9 2 Louis 2 Stammerer
879 - 82 3 Louis 3
879 - 84 5 Carloman 2
884 - 8 4 Charles Fat Emp 881
1st Robertian
888 - 98
10
888 - 98 10 Odo
2nd Carolingian
898 - 922 24
898 - 922 24 Charles 3 Simple
Carolingian 752 - 987 235

814 - 40 26 Louis 1 Pious, Debonaire ^ * Franks ** Romans
840 - 77 37 Charles 2 Bald ^ * Franks 75 77 ** Romans. After Treaty of Verdun Francia becomes West Francia, Middle Francia & East Francia (Germany)
843 1st image of a rotary grindstone in a European source in Utrecht Psalter.
Kingdom of West Francia
843 - 987 144
898 - 922 24 Charles 3 Simple
912 Gongu Hrolf & his Norsemen take lands in Normandy as vassals of French king. They become Normans.
2nd Robertian
922 - 36
14
922 - 3 1 Robert 1
923 - 36 13 Rudolph
930 1400s 470s Age of Chivalry knights swore to be true to their trusts as champions of God & ladies. Chivalry flourished from eleventh to fifteenth century. By Odo of Cluny
3rd Carolingian
936 - 87
51
936 - 54 18 Louis 4 Transmarinus
949 20th century Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that positions of eight planets & Pluto were within same 90° arc of Solar System on 1 February . It is predicted this would next occur on 6 May 1492.
954 - 86 32 Lothair
970s? Page with David Psalmist, from Paris Psalter, is made. It is now kept at Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris
977 - 8 1 War of 3 Henrys Part of French Wars of Religion
986 - 7 1 Louis 5
987 - 96 9 mi Hugh Capet 938 - 96 58
     
Kingdom of Middle Francia (Lotharingia)
843 - 55
12
843 - 55 12 Lothair 1 Emp fm 824 SE fm 840 Then realm divided between his sons
855 - 75 20 Louis 2 Eldest son Emp & King of Italy
855 - 63 8 Charles youngest son South Middle Francia
 
     
Kingdom of Lotharingia (Lorraine)
855 - 911
56
@France, Germany, Switzerland
855 - 69 14 Lothar 2 subsumed his portion of Burgundy into Kingdom of Lotharingia & at his brother Charles' death, gained some northern districts of deceased's kingdom.
869 Treaty of Mersen Divided between his uncles Charles Bald & Louis German.
869 - 88 19 mi Charles Fat **
869 - 84 15 Reunited all Frankish kingdoms except Provence
888 912 24 Rudolf 1
888 Nobles & leading clergy of Upper Burgundy assembled at St Maurice & elected Rudolph, count of Auxerre, from Elder Welf family, as king. At first, he tried to reunite realm of Lothar 2, but opposition by Arnulf of Carinthia forced him to focus on his Burgundian territory.
Duchy of Lotharingia
911 - 29
18
929 Conquered by Otto 1
         
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
       
900s Gottlieben Castle Switzerland
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
     
814 Liechtenstein becomes
 
500s
600s
700s
800s
900s
 
600 mi Meersburg Castle BadenWürttemberg
700s mi Heavy plow in use in Rhine valley.
704 mi Marienberg Castle Bavaria
700 - 2000s 1300s Regensburg Cathedral
716 mi Battle of Cologne
796 - 1881 1085 Aachen Cathedral

Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806
963
Germany
Carolingian
843 - 911
68
843 - 76 33 Louis German ^^ Charlamaigne
876 - 82 6 Louis Younger ^
876 - 80 4 Carloman ^ Louis German
876 - 87 11 Charles Fat
Karl 3 King of Italy ^ Louis German
877 - 99 22 Arnulf of Carinthia ^ Carloman
894 - 970 76 nt Magyar Raids in Germany, France, Italy & Byzantine
800 mi Bussen Castle Baden Württemberg
800 mi Irmelshausen Castle Bavaria
800 - 1497 697 Erfurt Cathedral
805 Münster Cathedral
845 1275 Essen Cathedral
Kingdom of
East Francia (Germany)
Holy Roman Empire
843 - 1806 963
Germany no capital Officially known as Holy Roman Empire of German Nation from 1512
900 - 11 11 Louis Child
910 - 1235 Limburg Cathedral Hesse
Conradine (Franconian)
911 - 18
7
911 - 18 7 Conrad 1
Luidolfing
919 - 36
17
919 - 36 17 Henry 1 FowlerLower Saxony Scharzfels 900s
Luitpolding (Bavarian)
919 - 36
17
919 - 21 2 mi Arnulf Bad Rival king to Henry 1
933 mi Battle of Riade
Ottonian
936 - 1024
88
936 - 73 37 Otto 1 Great 912 - 73 61 HRE 962 73 11
950 mi Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart old castle
969 mi Herrenchiemsee Bavaria
967 - 83 16 Otto 2 Red
^ 955 - 83 28 **
973 - 83 10 Celler Schloss 980 1st Lower Saxony
975 - 1975 Mainz Cathedral
996 - 1002 6 Otto 3
^ 980 - 1002 22 ** 983 - 1002 19
500s
600s
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800s
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552 mi Battle of Asfeld
Kingdom of Carantania
658 - 745 87
Karnburg
*?
Kingdom of Carantania
658 - 745 87
Karnburg
745 Annexed by Frankish Empire
860 mi Hochosterwitz Castle
896 - 9 3 Arnulf of Carinthia
Duchy of Carinthia
976 - 1918 942
Karnburg
*?
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