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12 - 11.4
11.4 - 10.8
500 Fut 10.8 - 10.2 BC AD
10.2 - 9.6
9.6 - 9
Views PHP Hits Count
3M
12 - 9
600K
Lives/Generations 15 - 1 15
360,000 - 342,000 18,000
0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3
342,000 - 324,000 18,000
2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5
324,000 - 306,000 18,000
4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7
306,000 - 288,000 18,000
6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9
288,000 - 270,000 18,000
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Lyons Colorado to 15 million years

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10.3

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9.9

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9.2

9.1
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Serravalian Age
13.82 - 11.63
2.19
    Megalonyx 10.3 - 11,650 10,288,350
      Nakal  
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.58 20.53
12 - 11.4
11.4 - 10.8
500 Fut 10.8 - 10.2 BC AD
10.2 - 9.6
9.6 - 9
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Serravalian Age
13.82 - 11.63
2.19
12 - 6 6 Kubanochoerus gigas,Kubanochoerus, †Kubanochoerini Tribe, Suidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia 6Sp Africa and Eurasia
12 - 10Imagotaria downsi, †Imagotaria, Odobenidae, Pinnipedia, Pinnipediformes, Carnivora, Mammalia Californian coast
12 - 0 Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae, Dromaius, Casuariidae, Casuariiformes, Aves 4 ss Australia
12 - 2 10 Borophagus diversidens  "gluttonous eater" Borophagus, Borophagina, Borophagini, Borophaginae, Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia 8Sp N America
12 - 11 1 Chinese Mastodon Sinomammut tobieni, Sinomammut, Mammutidae, Proboscidea, Mammalia  China. known from a single, fragmentary, mandible found in the 1990s.
12 - 1.6 10.6 Gomphotheres are any members of the diverse, extinct taxonomic family Gomphotheriidae. Gomphotheres were elephant-like proboscideans, but not belonging to the family Elephantidae. widespread in N America
12 maned sloth, Ai Bradypus torquatus 3-toed sloth  Brazil.  one of four species of three-toed sloth.B. torquatus >< B. variegatus and B. tridactylus
12 Banks Peninsula, New Zealand; Akaroa erupted 9 Ma, Lyttelton erupted  
12? -  0 Dugongs of Tethytheria Mirorder
12 463 Galactic Years ago
12 - 11 1 western Snake River plain began to form
11.8 Amazon river. 18th oldest. Emties Atlantic.  Waters worked through the sandstone from the west and the Amazon began to flow eastward. The river flowed through a former basin of a proto-Amazon, which flowed in the opposite direction at least as old as 65 Mya, long before the formation of Andes, when it originated in the highland area that formed when the South American and African plates separated. This river may predate the break-up of western Gondwana as an extension of a proto-Congo river system, 200 Mya during the Jurassic.
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
11.63 - 0 Mountain Sheep Ovis ammon, Ovis, Caprinae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Himalaya Near threatened
11.63 - 0 Mouflon Ovis orientalis, Ovis, Caprinae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Caucausses mountains Least concern
11.63 - 0 Takin Budorcas taxicolor, Budorcas, Caprinae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla. Mammalia C Asia  Vulnerable
11.63 - 0 Addax Addax nasomaculatus, Addax, Hippotraginae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla, mammalia Sahara   Critically endangered
11.63 - 5.333 6.1 Shansitherium fuguensis "Beast of Shanxi", Shansitherium, Giraffidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia 3Sp Shanxi province, China
11.63 - 0 Sable antelope Hippotragus niger, Hippotragus, Hippotraginae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia S Africa Critically endangerd
11.63 - 0 Arabian oryx Oryx leuxoryx, Oryx, Hippotraginae, Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Arabian peninsula Vulnerable
11.61 - 0 Reticulated giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata, G. camelpardalis, Giraffa, Giraffidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia E Africa  Vulnerable
11.61 - 0 Masai giraffe Giraffa camelohardalis tippelskirchii, Giraffa, Giraffidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia E Africa Vulnerable
11.6 - 11,000 Palorchestes azael, Palorchestes, Palorchestidae, Diprotodontia, Marsupialia, Mammalia Ancient leaper Australia
11.6 - 4,100 Stegodon "roofed tooth"   StegodontinaeProboscidea, Elephantidae one of largest proboscideans, 13Sp
S. zdansky 1 old male (50+) Yellow River that is 3.87m/12.7' tall 12.7 tonnes
11.6 Timber Mountain caldera complex 1,200km3/288mi3 of Timber Mountain Tuff – Rainer Mesa member
11.6 - 11,000 11.6 Toxodon ungulate South America
11.6 - 11,000 11.6 Nothrotheriidae Folivora, Pilosa, Mammalia, 1920 Ground Sloth Americas
11.5 - 0 Okapi Okapia johnstoni, Okapia, Giraffidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia C Africa Endangered
11.45 Timber Mountain caldera complex 30x25km 900km3/216km3 of Timber Mountain Tuff,  Ammonia Tanks
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
11.1 - 5.3 5.8 Stegotetrabelodon syrticus Roofed four tusk 4 m (13.1 ft) in shoulder height and 11–12 tonnes Eurasia & Africa Stegotetrabelodon, Elephantidae, Proboscidea, Mammalia  3Sp AfricaEurasia
11.1 - 5.3 5.8 Indarctos salmontanus, †Indarctos, †Indarctini, Ailuropodinae, Ursidae, Carnivora, Mammalia 8Sp
11  Bruneau-Jarbidge caldera  Idaho, ash 1'/30cm, 1,000mi/1,600km NE Nebraska  killed + rhinoceros, camel. Ashfall Fossil Beds State Historical Park.
11 - 7 4 Melnik Earth Pyramids Bulgaria
11 - 10  11 Greenland Ice Sheet greatly reduced 
11 - 0 Narwhal Monodon monoceros, Monodon, Monodontidae, Cetacea, Artiodactyla, Mammalia Arctic circle Least concern

Spermophilus daruis, SpermophilusSciuridaeSciuridae, Rodentia, Euarchonta, Mammalia

 

 

 

Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
10.3 - 5.3 5 Synthetoceras Nebraska and Texas
10.3 - 5.3 5 Alforjas A. taylori, †Alforjas, Lamini, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia, 1979 Camelid  AsiaNorth America, and Africa 
10.3 - 3.3 7 Plionarctos Genus of Bear N America
10.21±.03 Picabo volcanic fieldPicabo, Idaho
10.3 - 3.6 6.7 Eucyon, Caninae, Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia omnivorous coyote-like N America  
10.3 - 5.332 †Nimravides thinobates, †Nimravides, †Homotherini, †Machairodontinae, Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora, Mammalia  Felidae  saber-toothed cats N America.  4Sp 1m/3' size of large tiger. long legs & back.
10.3 - 11,000 Smilodontini tribe saber-toothed catsMachairodontinae   Felidae.   AmericasEuropeAsia,  Africa
10.3 - 11,000 flat head pig  Platygonus compressus, †PlatygonusTayassuidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia  herbivorous peccaries  Americas
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
10.21±.03 Picabo volcanic field, Yellowstone hotspot, Idaho
10.2 Arbon Valley volcano Tuff.
10 Walkaleo alcootaensis, †Wakaleo, †Thylacoleonidae, Diprotodontia, Marsupialia, Mammalia "Little lion" N Australia
10 - 50,000 Zygomaturus tasmanicus "Large cheeks" †Zygomaturus, †Zygomaturinae, †Diprotodontidae, Diprotondontia, Marsupialia, Mammalia 6Sp Australia
10 - 5 5 Samotherium boissieri "Beast of Samos" Samotherium, Giraffidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia 5Sp Africa and Eurasia
10 - 0 Rhinoceros hornbill Buceros rhinoceros, Buceros, Bucerotidae, Bucerotiformes, Aves SE Asia Vulnerable NT
10 - 0 Asiatic lion Panthera leo leo, Panthera leo, Panthera, Pantherinae, Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora, Mammalia persica NW India Endangered
10? Ape Hominoidea, Catarrhini, Simiiformes, Haplorhini, Primates, Mammalia
9.9 - 9.8 .1 Nakalipithecus nakayamai, †Nakalipithecus, Hominidae, Hominoidea, Simiiformes, Haplorhini, Primates, Mammalia
9.9 - 8.9 1 Livyatan melvillei, †Livyatan, incertae sedis, Physeteroidea, Cetecea, Artiodactyla, Mammalia worldwide
20 - 10 10 Paleoparadoxia tabatai "Ancient paradox", Raleoparadoxia, Paleoparadoxiidae, Despostylia, Mammalia W,N America
10 Loris
10 Yosemeti Sierra Nevada Mts uplifted & tilted to form western slopes and more dramatic eastern slopes. increased steepness waterways, forming deep, narrow canyons. 
10 Sierra mts.
10? Poebrotherium wilsoni Poebrotherium, Camelini, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia 5Sp camel
10 Alpaca >< Llama
10 - 0 Djungarian hamster, Phodopus sungorus, Phodopus, Cricetinae, Cricetidae, Rodentia, Mammalia Inner Asia,  Least concern
10 - 0 Alpaca, Vicugna pacos, Vicugna, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia W,S America domesticated
10 - 0 Llama Lama glama, Lama, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia W S America Domestiated

10 Mount Cargill, New Zealand; Port Chalmers, Dunedin

10 - 8 2 Mascarene Islands volcanos, as African plate drifted over Réunion hotspot.

10 - 6Chilcotin Group basalts.
10 - 8.6 1.4 Twin Falls volcanic fieldTwin Falls County, Idaho
10 - 8 2 Manus Island, Admiralty Islands, northern Papua New Guinea;
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Tortonian Age 11.63 - 7.246 4.384
9.5 Serval Leptialurus, serval, Leptailurus, Felinae. Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora Mammalia 1776 LC
9.5 - 5.3 4.2 Amphimachairodus  large machairodonts Eumachairodontia "true saberteeth"    Homotherini  Machairodontidae EurasiaN Africa and N America
9.34 Little Chokecherry Canyon volcano tuff
9.17 Kyle Canyon volcano tuff
Pole Shifts
12 - 11.7 300,000 South
11.6 - 11.3 300,000 South
11.2 - 11.1 100,000 South
 
10.1 - 10 100,000 South
9.9 - 9.8 100,000 South
9.7 - 9.6 100,000 South
9.5 - 9.3 200,000 South
9.2 - 9 200,000 South
Lives/Generations 15 - 1 15
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