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6 - 5.4
5.4 - 4.8
500 Fut 4.8 - 4.2 BC AD
4.2 - 3.6
3.6 - 3
Views PHP Hits Count
3M
6 - 3
600K
Lives/Generations 15 - 1 15
180,000 - 162,000 18,000
0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3
162,000 - 144,000 18,000
2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5
144,000 - 126,000 18,000
4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7
126,000 - 108,000 18,000
6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9
108,000 - 90,000 18,000
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Lyons Colorado to 15 million years

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4.8

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4.1

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3.1
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                        A                             L                               K   K                 A                       K                     L       K K K   L B     S D       A A   A   A
Hominids 7.2 - Present
  Mastodon 5.3 - 11,650 5,288,350
  Mylohyus 5 - 9,000 4,991,000
  Florida Cave Bear 4.9 - 11,650 4,888,350
Orrorin 6.1 - 5.7  .4   Australopithecus 4.5 - 1.977 2.523 
  Ardipithecus 5.6 - 4.4 1.2   Australopithecus afarensis  3.9 - 2.9 1
  Scimitar-toothed cat 4 - 11,650 3,988,350
        Camelops
 
Chimpanzee 3.3 - P
Bonobos 3.3 - P
Paleolithic Age 3.3M -
Messinian Age 7.246 - 5.333 1.913
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Zanclean Age 5.333 - 3.6 1.733
Pliocene Epoch 3.6 - 2.58 1.02
Pliocene Epoch 5.333 - 2.58 2.753
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.58 20.53
6 - 5.4
5.4 - 4.8
500 Fut 4.8 - 4.2 BC AD
4.2 - 3.6
3.6 - 3
6 332 Great Years ago.
       
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Miocene Epoch 23.03 - 5.333 17.697
Messinian Age 7.246 - 5.333 1.913
6 - 0 Common degu, Octodon degus, Octodon, Octodontidae, Rodentia, Mammalia, 1782 Chile, Least concern
6 - 0 Tufted capuchin, Sapajus apella, Sapajus, Cebidae, Simiiformes, Haplorhini, Primates, Mammalia, 1758 6 ss, Amazon basin, Least concern
6 - 0 Eurasian least shrew, Sorex minutissimus, Sorex, Soricini, Soricine, Soricidae, Eulipotyphla, Mammalia, 142Sp 1814 Eurasia, Least concern
6 - 0 Mackerel icefish, Champsocephalus gunnari, Champsocephalus, Channichthyidae, Notothenoidei, Perciformes, Actinopterygii, 1905 Antarctic ocean,  Least concern
6 - 0 Ocean sunfish, Mola mola, Mola, Molidae, Tetraodontiformes, Actinopterygii, 1758 Oceans worldwide, Vulnerable
6 - 0 Atlantic blue marlin, Makaira nigricansMakaira, Istiophoridae, Istiophoriformes, Actinopterygii, 1802 Vulnerable
6 - 0 Opah, Lambris guttatus, Mediterranean sea, Atlantic & Pacific, depths 50 - 500 m, Least concern
6 - 0 Bearded seadevil, Linophryne licifer, Linophryne, Linophrynidae, lophiiformes, Actinopterygii, 1925 N Atlantic, depths 400 - 2,200 m, Status not evaluated
6 - 0 Chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, Oncorhynchus, Salmonidae, Salmoniformes, Actinopterygii, 1792 N Pacific, Near threatened
6 - 0 Baiji Lipotes vexillifer , Lipotes, Lipotidae, Lipotoidea, Delphinida, Cetacea, Artiodactyla, Mammalia, 1918 Yangtze river China Critically endangered
6 - 0 Sika deer Cervus nippon E Asia Least Concern
6 - 0 Clouded leopard Neofelis nebusosa SE Asia  Vulnerable
6 - 0 King eider Somateria spec Arctic circle
6 - 0 Mallard Anas platyrhynches 3 ss N Hemisphere
6 - 1.3 4.7 Marquesas Islands.
6 Stegotetrabelodontinae large herbivorous like elephants. Remains have been found in S Italy.
6 - 3 3 Paratetralophodon is an extinct genus of elephant from late Neogene deposits in India and China. Although usually classified in Gomphotheriidae, recent studies find it to be more closely related to modern elephants.
6 - 5 1 Sinomastodon "Chinese mastodont" gomphothere genus (of order Proboscidea) SE Asia ChinaJapan, and Indonesia. 3.6 to 5.3 m.
S. hanjiangensis   Shanxi province.1 incomplete skeleton adult  5.3m including maxilla, mandibles, teeth, tusks and other materials
The Japanese species S. sendaicus described in 1924 from dentary materials from Pliocene deposits has been ascribed to the genus, as well as the species S. bumiajuensis (formerly Tetralophodon) from the late Pliocene of Java.
 S. hanjiangensis 1  30 year old 2.07m/6'8" 2.1 tonnes 
6 Hemimastodon half mastodont genus of proboscidea Dera Bugti Beds in Pakistan.
6 Stegodibelodon is an extinct genus of elephant or gomphothere from the Miocene.
6 - 4 2 Primelephas korotorensis genus of Elephantinae 'first elephant'. mammoths>< Asian & African elephants. 4 tusks
6 - 4 2 Primelephas korotorensis
6 - 5 1  B. variegatus >< B. tridactylus sloths
6 - 1930 St Kilda house mouse (Mus musculus muralis) is an extinct subspecies of the house mouse found only on the islands of the St Kilda archipelago of northwest Scotland
6 - 0 Canis  genus of the Canidae containing multiple extant species, such as wolvesdogscoyotes and jackals. Species of this genus are distinguished by their moderate to large size, their massive, well-developed skulls and dentition, long legs, and comparatively short ears and tails.[
6 - 5 1 Grand Canyon.
6 - 0 Short-faced bears Tremarctinae Ursidae ancestor of Specled Bear S America
6 Asian Leopard Cat.
6 - 5.2 .8 Coatis >< Racoon
5.96 - 5.33 336,000 Messinian Salinity Crisis.
5.93 - 5.33 Hippopotamus pentlandi  hippopotamus from Sicily.  Messinian salinity crisis largest  insular dwarf hippos 320 kg.
5.93 - 5.33 600,000 Hippopotamus melitensis, Hippopotamus, Hippopotamidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia, 1902 Messinian salinity crisis Għar Dalam cave Malta
5.81 Wolverine Creek tuff Heise volcanic field, Idaho:

5.6 - 5.8 .2 Cerro Guacha, Bolivia;  Ma (Guacha ignimbrite).

5.65±0.15 ALA-VP 1/20 Ardipithecus kadabba 1997 EthiopiaMiddle Awash Yohannes Haile-Selassie

5.6 Heise volcanic field 500km3/120mi3 Blue & Conant Creek Tuff, Yellowstone hotspot Idaho

5.51±.13 Conant Creek Tuff.
5.5? - 1500s Sardinian giant shrew †Asoriculus similis, Asoriculus, Soricidae, Eulipotyphla, Mammalia, 1855 Sardinia
5.5 - 0 Black Sea.
5.5-4 - 0 Moeraki Boulders  large spherical boulders  Koekohe Beach  Otago coast   New Zealand, 2m/6'6"  diameter, 10-50m/33-164' marine mud accumulated on them.
5.5 - 0 Racoon dog Nyctereutes procyepoides,Nyctereutes, Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia, Chordat "night wanderer"  1Sp, 1st canines  in Old World. All other species extinct before 2.58. N China. Least concern
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Pliocene Epoch
5.333 - 2.588
2.745
Messinian Age 7.246 - 5.333 1.913
5.4 - 5.2? 200,000 Horned Gopher  Great Plains of North America
5.37  tuff of Elkhorn Springs Heise volcanic field, Idaho:
Zanclean Age 5.333 - 3.6 1.733
5.33 - 0 Gibraltar macaques Southern Europe
5.33 - 1774 Sardinian pika (Prolagus sardus)  pika SardiniaCorsica 
5.333 Zanclean flood several months - two years.  Sea level in basin rises 10m/day dropped >1km/.62mi , discharged 2×108 m3/s (7.1×109 cu ft/s), 1,000x Amazon River
5.333 - 0 Chinese alligator Alligator sinensis Anhui province E China Critically endangered
5.333 - 0 Tremarctos Ursa Genus ancestor S American spectacled bear.
5.333 - 0 Osedax japonicus, N Pacific ocean,  Least concern
5.333 - 0 Lion-tailed macaque, Macaca silenus, SW India,  Endangered
5.333 - 0 Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata, Japan, Least concern
5.333 - 0 Gelada, Theropithecus gelada,   Least concern
5.3 - 3.6 1.7 Argyrolagus sp. Silver rabbit Monte Hermoso formation, Argentina
5.3 - 11,700 Gomphotherium angustidens Welded beast N America, Eurasia & Africa
5.3 - 1,100 American Mastodon, Mammut americanum, N America
5.3 - 1914 Passsenger pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
5.3 - 4.9 .4 Six-horned pronghorn Hexameryx simp N America 
5.3 - 5,000 Myotragus balearicus  "Balearian mouse-goat" subfamily Caprinae   Majorca and Menorca 
5.3 - 3.6 1.7 Elephas ekorensis  species of large herbivorous mammals  family Elephantidae. E Africa earliest recognisable species in the genus Elephas. two lineages, a dead-end, Afro-Eurasian & Asian lineage that evolved into modern Asian elephants. ancestor of Elephas recki and Elephas iolensis.
5.33 - 5? .3 Nurocyon  dog family Canidae1Sp   omnivorous between  Canis & older Eucyon.
Nurocyon chonokhariensis
5.3 - 0 Camels
5.3 - 11,700 Bush-antlered deer Eucladoceros dicrapi Eurasia
5.3 - 11,000 mastodon Mammut (family Mammutidae), distantly related to elephants, that inhabited N & C America
5.3 - 0 S African springhare, Pedetes capensis, S Africa, Least concern
5.25±0.25 Lothagam mandible (KNM-LT 329)  Australopithecus (?) 1967 Kenya A.D. Lewis
5.1 - 4.8 .3 Horned gopher, Ceratogaulus hatchi, N America
5 - 3 2 Minorcan giant lagomorph Nuralgus rex, Island of Menorca
5 - 0 Mata mata, Chelus fimbriata, Amazon basin Least concern
5 - 50,000 Strong tail Sthenurus striglingi S Australia
5? - 0 Aardvark Africa
5 - 10,000 Megatherium genus, 2 subgeneraMegatherium and Pseudomegatherium Giant ground sloth,  Americas
5 Thorpe's spoon-billed mastodon, Gnathabelodon therpei, N America 
5 - 0 Sperm whale Physeter macrocep worldwide Vulnerable
5 - 0 Killer whale Orcinus orca Oceans worldwide Least concern
5 - 0 Humpback whale Megaptera nova Oceans worldwide Least concern
5 - 1.5 3.5 Half beak Seriostrum ceruttii NE Pacific
5 - 5,000 Balearian mouse-goat Myotragus baleariasus Majorca and Menorca islands
5 - 8,000 Shiva's beast Sivatherium giganteum Africa and S Asia
5 - 0 Greater sage-grouse Centrocercus 2 ss W&N America  Near thrreatened
5 - 0 Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus SE Asia Least concern
5 - 0 Pallas's cat Otocolobus manul C Asia Near threatened
5 - 0 Black-footed cat Felis Nigripes Vulnerable
5 - 0 Dromedary Camelus dromedarius N Africa & Arabian peninsula   Domesticated

5 - ? South African mammoth, Mammuthus subplanifrons,  1st genus Mammuthus, S&E Africa, especially Ethiopia. They already presented some of the unique characteristics of mammoths like the spirally, twisting tusks. It was 3.68m3/12'1" shoulder  9 tonnes 

5 Gibraltar  current appearance formations deposited 200 - 175 25
5 - 0 Golden eagle Aguia chrysastes 6 ss N hemisphere Least concern
5 - 4  brown-throated sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is a species of three-toed sloth found in the neotropical ecozone of Central and South America.  >< B. tridactylus
  5 - 4,000   Mammuthus elephantid genusorder of  proboscideans.  curved tusks long hairAfrica, Europe, Asia, and North America. 
5 - 0 Elephas is one of two surviving genera in the family of elephantsElephantidae, with one surviving species, the Asian elephantElephas maximus

Several extinct species have been identified as belonging to the genus, including Elephas reckiElephas antiquus and the dwarf elephants E. falconeri and E. cypriotes. The genus is very closely related to the mammoth genus Mammuthus.

5 - 1 Elephas hysudricus is an extinct elephant species and was described from fossil remains found in the Siwalik hills.
5 - 0 giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), also known as the ant bear, is an insectivorous mammal native to Central and South America.  182-217cm/5.97'-7.12' 33-50kg/73-110lb males 27-47kg/60-104lb
5 - 0 Arctic fox Tibetan Plateau
5 - 40,000 Stephanorhinus  extinct genus 2-horned rhinoceros N Eurasia  possibly North Africa only species of rhinoceros in  Eurasia, Two species 
Merck's rhinoceros S. kirchbergensis 
- 40 narrow-nosed rhinoceros S. hemitoechus Bacho Kiro cave in Bulgaria.
5 - 1854  great auk Pinguinus impennis flightless alcid N Atlantic ocean
5 - 0 Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri Antarctica Near threatened
5 - 0 King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus 30 ss Subantarctic circle Least concern
5 - 0 African Penguin Spheniscus demersus S Africa Endangered
5 - 0 Humboldt penguin Spheniscus humbolti W&S America  Vunerable
5 - 0 Adelie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae Antarctica Least concern
  5 - 0 Gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua S South America Least concern
5 - 0 Chinstrap penguin Pygoscelis antarcticus Antarctica  Least concern
5 - 0 Little penguin Eudyptula minor S Australia and New Zealand  Least concern
5 - 0 Southern rockhopper penguin Eudyptes chrys 2 ss Subanctarctic circle  Vulcerable
5 - 3 2 Death Valley Lava Beds
5 - 2 3 M. pliocaenica ancestor of Mustela praenivalis ancestor of least weasel
5 - 2.6 2.4 Thylophorops opossum
5 - 37,000 mammoths

5 Khari Khari CalderaFrailes Plateau, Bolivia;  Ma; 470km3/113mi3 of tephra.

5 - 1852 0 Great Auk North Atlantic Americas & Europe
5 - 30,000 4,570,000 Palaeoloxodon Africa during the Pliocene, and expanded into Eurasia during the Pleistocene
5 - 11,700 5 Short-Faced Kangaroo Australia
5? - 0 Elephant
5? - 0 African Camel
 5 - 10,000 0 American Mastodon North & Central America
5 - 10,000 4,990,000 Giant Ground Sloth South America
5 - 10,000 0 Megatherium South America
5 - 11,700 Aiolornis incredibilis North America 23/51
5 Black >< White Rhinocerous
5 - 0 Asian black bear Ursus thibetanus Asia Vulnerable
5 - 0 Leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx Antarctic circle Vulnerable
4.9 Blancocamelus North America
4.9 - 1.8 3.1 Titanis walleri Titanic N America
4.9 - 0 Procyon Racoon is a genus of nocturnal 
4.9 - 11,999 4.9 Tremarctos floridanus Florida related to Short Faced Bear
4.9 - 30,000 Stegomastodon 'roof breast tooth'  genus of gomphotheres, family of proboscideans. Americas species were synonymized with Notiomastodon.
4.9 - 780,000 4.12 Chasmaporthetes  hunting hyenagenus of hyenas  EurasiaN AmericaAfrica  from Eurasia
Thalassictis or Lycyaena, Genus
C. borissiaki being the oldest known representative.
5 - 1.5 3.5 C. ossifragusb only hyena to cross Bering land bridge into  Americas Arizona & Mexico
 
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Pliocene Epoch
5.333 - 2.588
2.745
Zanclean Age 5.333 - 3.6 1.733
5.3M - 0 elephant
4.7±0.55 KNM-TH 13150 Australopithecus anamensis 1984 Kenya Kiptalam Cheboi
4.7 Antarctic >< common minke whales Southern Hemisphere
4.6±0.4  KNM-LT 329 Australopithecus anamensis 1967 Kenya Arnold Lewis, Bryan Patterson
4.9 - 1,350 Cuvieronius hyodon, America
4.5 - 0 Saltwater crocodile Crocodylus porosus SE Asia Least concern
4.5 - 0 Marine Iguana, Amphlyrhynchus cristatus, Galapagos Islands Vulnerable
4.5 Roque Nublo Volcanico  Gran CanariaCanary IslandsSpain
4.5 - 2 2.5 Megantereon cultridens giant beast N America Eurasia and Africa
4.49  tuff of Heise Heise volcanic field, Idaho
4.45 Kilgore Caldera 80x60km; VEI 8; 1,800km3/432mi3 of Kilgore Tuff

4.45±.05 Kilgore Caldera Yellowstone hotspot, Heise volcanic field, Idaho; 80x60 km VEI 8; 1,800km3/432mi3 of Kilgore Tuff;

4.4 Pre-human hominids.
4.4 Ardi Ardipithecus ramidus 1994 EthiopiaYohannes Haile-Selassie (Hominid, Walks upright most of time, Still spend time on trees)
4.3 - 0 Naked mole-rat, Heterocephalus glabor, Ethiopia & Somalia, Least concern
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Pliocene Epoch
5.333 - 2.588
2.745
Zanclean Age 5.333 - 3.6 1.733
4.2 - 0 Crab-eating raccoon Procyon cancrivorus, Procyon, Procyonidae, Carnivora, Mammalia, H&B 41-80cm/16-31" 2-12kg/4-26lb 1798 4SS LC
4.2 Cerro Galán Volcano 32km, Catamarca Province, NW Argentina; 510km3/122mi3 of Real Grande and Cueva Negra tephra
4 - 2 2 Josephoartigasia monesi, †Josephoartigastia, Dinomyidae, Rodentia, Mammalia, 3m/10' Long, 1.5m/5' tall. 400-700kg/800/1,540lb 2008 S America
4 - 0 Common chimpanzee, Pan troglodyte, Pan, Hominini, Hominidae, Simiiformes, Haplorhini, Primates, Mammalia, 1775 4SS, C Africa, Endangered
4 - 1936 Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus, †Thylacinus, †Thylacinidae, Dasyuroorphia, Marsupialia, Mammalia, Tasmania
4 Bluff Downs bandicoot, Perameles allinghamensis, Perameles, Peramelemorphia, Marsupialia, Mammalia, 1976 Queensland, Australia
4 - 0 Aardvark, Orycteropus afer, Orycteropus, Orycteropodidae, Tubulidentata, Mammalia, Africa, Least concern
4 - 0 Honey badger Mellivora capensis, Mellivora, Mellivorinae, Mustelidae, Carnivora, Mammalia, Chordat 1776 Africa & S Asia Least concern
4 - 0 Strawberry poison-dart frog Oophaga pumilio, Oophaga, Dendrobatidae, Anura, Amphibia, 1857 C America  Least Concern
4 - 12,000 Scimitar-toothed cat Homotherium latidens, Homotherium, Homotherini, Machairodontinae, Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora, Mammalia, 4Sp 1846 Worldwide
4 KNM-KP 271 Australopithecus anamensis 1965 Kanapoi,  Kenya Bryan Patterson  
4 - 2 Australopithecus afarensis, Australopithecus, Hominini, Homininae, Hominidae, Simiiformes, Haplorhini, Primates, Mammalia,   Ethiopia
4 - 0 African elephant Loxodonta, Elephantinae, Elephantidae, Proboscidea, Mammalia, 1827 2S VU
African bush elephant L. africana 1797 VU
African forest elephant L. cyclotis. 1900 VU
4 - 3 1 Parailurus, Ailuridae, Carnivora, Mammalia, .  6Sp 1899 Ancestor to Red Panda

4 Frailes Plateau, Bolivia;  620km3/149mi3 Frailes Ignimbrite E.

4 - 1878 4 Quagga Equus quagga quagga, Equus quagga, Equus, Equidae, Perissodaxtyla, Mammalia, 125-135cm/4'1"-4'5" 1785 S Africa
4 - 12,000 4 Scimitar Cat Americas, Eurasia, and Africa
4 - 12,000 4 Homotherium latidens Homotherium, Homotherini, Machairodontinae, Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora, Mammalia 1846 Americas, Eurasia, and Africa

4 Pacana Caldera 60x35km, Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex, N Chile;  VEI 8; 2,500km3/600mi3 Atana Ignimbrite.

3.9 - 2.9 1 Australopithecus afarensis, Hominid Ethiopia
3.8 - 0 Komodo dragon, Varanus komodoensis, Varanus, Varanus, Varanidae, Squamata, Reptilia, 1912 Komodo islands Vulnerable
3.7 Australopithecus afarensis left footprints on volcanic ash Laetoli, Kenya.
3.7  Laetoli Footprints Bipedal hominin 1976 Tanzania Mary Leakey
3.7 - 10,000 3.7 Coeladonta  Eurasia 
3.6 - 10,000 3.6 Woolly Rhino Ceolodonta antiquitatis, †Ceolodonta, Rhinocerotidae, Perissodactyla, Mammalia, 1831 Europe & N Asia 
Neogene Period 23.03 - 2.588 20,442
Pliocene Epoch
5.333 - 2.588
2.745
Piacenzian Age 3.6 - 2.588 1.012
3.6 - 0 Capybara, Hydrocheorus S America, Least concern
3.6 - 3 .6 Giant raccoon Chapalmalapi S America
3.6 Gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus, Urocyon, Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia, 1775  N & C America. LC
3.6 Common minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, minke whale species complex, Balaenoptera, Balaenopteridae, Cetacea, Artiodactyla, Mammalia, 1804 LC
3.58 KSD-VP-1/1 (Kadanuumuu)  Australopithecus afarensis 2005 Ethiopia Yohannes Haile-Selassie
3.5 - 2.6 .9 Mammmuthus rumanus †Mammuthus, Elephantidae, Proboscidea, Mammalia, 1924   E Europe  originated in Africa
3.5 - 1 2.5 Palaeoloxodon recki, Palaeoloxodon, Elephantidae, Proboscidea, Mammalia, 1894 related to the Asian elephant  14'/4.27m tall. One of largest Elephants. Africa 
3.5 KT-12/H1 (Abel) Australopithecus bahrelghazali 1995 ChadMamelbaye Tomalta and Michel Brunet N'Djamena, Chad, BEAC
3.5 KNM-WT 40000 (Flat Faced Man) Kenyanthropus platyops 1999 Lake Turkana (West Lake Turkana), KenyaJustus Erus and Meave Leakey
3.5  Yukon giant camel
3.5 blue >< fin whales 
3.5 - 1.9 1.6 Ailuropoda microta, Ailuropoda, Ursidae, Carnivora. Mammalia, ancestor to Giant Panda 1962
3.5 - 0 Spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta Africa Least concern
3.4 - 1 2.4 High Arctic camel, Camelini, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia  Strathcona Fiord Ellesmere Island in Nunavut, Canada
3.3 - 2.1 1.2 LH 4 Australopithecus afarensis Australe ape 1974 LaetoliTanzania Mary Leakey
3.4±0.1  BRT-VP-3/14 Australopithecus deyiremeda 2015 Ethiopia Yohannes Haile-Selassie
3.3 Stw 573 (Little foot) Australopithecus prometheus (?) 1994 SterkfonteinS Africa Ronald J. Clarke
3.3 DIK-1 (Selam) Australopithecus afarensis 2000 Ethiopia Zeresenay Alemseged
3.2 AL 288-1 (Lucy) Australopithecus afarensis 1974 Ethiopia Tom Gray, Donald JohansonYves Coppens and Maurice Taieb National Museum of Ethiopia
3.2 - 11650 3,188,350 Camelops Camelini, Camelidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia, 1854 3Sp
3.2 - 0 Snow leopard Panthera uncia, Panthera, Pantherinae, Felidae, Feliformia, Carnivora, Mammalia, 1775 C Asia Vulnerable
3.1±0.1  AL 200-1 Australopithecus afarensis 1975 Afar RegionEthiopiaDonald Johanson Yves Coppens and Maurice Taieb
3.1±0.1  AL 129-1 Australopithecus afarensis 1973 Afar Region,  EthiopiaDonald Johanson
3 AL 444-2 Australopithecus afarensis 1992 Afar Region, Ethiopia Yoel Rak
Pole Shifts
5.9 - 5.2 700,000 South
5 - 4.9 100,000 South
4.8 - 4.7 100,000 South
4.5 - 4.4 100,000 South
4.3 - 3.6 700,000 South
3.4 - 3.3 100,000 South
3.2 - 3.1 100,000 South
Lives/Generations 15 - 1 15
20,000 copy 20,000 copy 20,000 copy 20,000 copy 20,000 copy