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Roman Province of Lusitania 24 BC - 298 AD 322
 
Galicia 1 409 - 712 303
Silingi Vandal Tribe 120 BC - 271 AD 391
   
1st Roman Province of Hispania Tarraconensis 27 BC - 293 AD 320
2nd Hispania Tarraconensis 293 - 409 116
 
Roman Province of Baetica 14 BC - 400s 400s
 
 
Roman Gallaecia 293 - 409 116
 
 
Roman His. Carthaginensis 298 - 409 111
 
 
Visigoth Kingdom 418 - 721 303
 
   
Julio Claud 95
 
Flavian 27
5 Good Emperors 84
12
Severan 42
g
Crisis 3rd C 49
Valen 28
Theodosian 63
LE 21
Roman Empire 27 - 476 449
Theo
Ost 60
 
A
L
A
L
Legendary 300 - 400 100
L
A
G
C
Lething 400 - 546 146
Lumbard Tribe 300 - 568 268
  s
Popes 30 - 754 724
    Republic of San Marino
301 - Present
1711
 
 
    Roman province of Illyricum
167 BC - 20 AD
187
 
 
 
 
Roman Province of Lower Pannonia 103 - 296 193
Roman Province of Pannonia Secunda 296 - 400s 150s
Kingdom of Gepids
400s - 500s
100
 
 
Roman Province of Achaea 146 BC - 330 AD 476
Roman Province of Macedonia
146 BC - 330 AD
476
Roman Province of Creta et Cyrenaica
20 BC - 297 AD
317
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
C Africa
Chad Country FlagCameroon Country FlagCentral African Republic Country FlagSao Tome & Principe Country FlagGabon Country Flag
Congo Country FlagDemocratic Republic of Congo Country FlagRwanda Country FlagBurundi Country FlagAngola Country Flag
S Africa
Zambia Country FlagNamibia Country FlagCountry FlagZimbabwe Country Flag
Mozambique Country FlagMadagascar Country FlagSouth Africa Country FlagLesotho Country FlagSwaziland Country Flag
Roman Province of Lusitania
24 BC - 298 AD
322
@ Emerita Augusta (Mérida, Spain), Scalabis Iulia (Santarém, Portugal) & Pax Iulia (Beja, Portugal)
1 Paderne Castle
Roman Province of Lusitania
24 BC - 298 AD 322
@ Emerita Augusta (Mérida, Spain), Scalabis Iulia (Santarém, Portugal) & Pax Iulia (Beja, Portugal)
Roman Province of Lusitania
24 BC - 298 AD 322
@ Emerita Augusta (Mérida, Spain), Scalabis Iulia (Santarém, Portugal) & Pax Iulia (Beja, Portugal)
 
Galicia 1
409 - 712 303
(Suebic Kingdom of Galicia) Portugal
1st 409 - 56 47
409 - 38 29 Hermeric
438 - 48 10 Rechila
448 - 56 8 Rechiar
456 - 7 1 Aioulf
Suebic Civil War 456 - 69 13
457 - 60 3 Maldras ( in Lusitania, 457 in north)
457 Framta ( in north)
457 - 64 7 Richimund ( in north)
460 - 4 4 Frumar ( in Lusitania)
464 - 9 5 Remismund reunified kingdom
Dark Period
469 - 550
81
400s 1635 Viseu Cathedral
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
1st Roman Province of
Hispania Tarraconensis

27 BC - 293 AD 320
@ Tarraco (Tarragona)
000s - 100s Cornalvo Dam Spain
000s - 300 Milagros Aqueduct Spain
000s Almuñécar Aqueduct Spain
20s Clunia Bathhouse Spain Mosaico de Clunia
20s Augustus Temple Barcelona Spain
73 La Plata Road spain
74 Las Médulas Aqueduct Spain Pliny Writes of
81 - 96 Segovia Aqueduct Spain
98 - 117 Romano Bridge
98 - 138 Alconétar Bridge spain

1st Roman Province of
Hispania Tarraconensis

27 BC - 293 AD 320
100 - 325 Tarragona Amphitheater Spain in use
104 - 6 Alcántara Bridge spain
125 Iberian Peninsula Roads


1st Roman Province of
Hispania Tarraconensis

27 BC - 293 AD 320
200s Alcázar Castle Toledo
293 Split into 2 parts creating Gallaecia
298 Split again creating Hispania Carthaginensis
2nd Roman Province of
Hispania Tarraconensis

293 - 409 116
 
2nd Roman Province of
Hispania Tarraconensis

293 - 409 116
406 Visogothic Spain emerged under Pharamond chief of Frank Tribes.
456 Battle of Ubicas River
461 Battle of Cartagena
Roman Province of Baetica
14 BC - 400s
400s
@ Conventus Gaditanus (Gades, Cádiz), Cordubensis (Cordoba), Astigitanus (Astigi, Écija), Hispalensis (Hispalis, Seville).
Roman Province of Baetica
14 BC - 400s 400s
@ Conventus Gaditanus (Gades, Cádiz), Cordubensis (Cordoba), Astigitanus (Astigi, Écija), Hispalensis (Hispalis, Seville).
Roman Province of Baetica
14 BC - 400s 400s
@ Conventus Gaditanus (Gades, Cádiz), Cordubensis (Cordoba), Astigitanus (Astigi, Écija), Hispalensis (Hispalis, Seville).
Roman Province of Baetica
14 BC - 400s 400s
@ Conventus Gaditanus (Gades, Cádiz), Cordubensis (Cordoba), Astigitanus (Astigi, Écija), Hispalensis (Hispalis, Seville).
Roman Province of Baetica
14 BC - 400s 400s
@ Conventus Gaditanus (Gades, Cádiz), Cordubensis (Cordoba), Astigitanus (Astigi, Écija), Hispalensis (Hispalis, Seville).
   
Roman Province of Gallaecia
293 - 409 116
@ Bracara Augusta (Braga), Portugal, & Lucus Augusti (Lugo), Spain
Roman Province of Gallaecia
293 - 409 116
@ Bracara Augusta (Braga), Portugal, & Lucus Augusti (Lugo), Spain
Roman Province of Gallaecia
293 - 409 116
@ Bracara Augusta (Braga), Portugal, & Lucus Augusti (Lugo), Spain
   
Roman Province of
Hispania Carthaginensis

298 - 409 111
@ Carthago Nova (Cartagrna)
Roman Province of
Hispania Carthaginensis

298 - 409 111
@ Carthago Nova (Cartagrna)
Roman Province of
Hispania Carthaginensis

298 - 409 111
@ Carthago Nova (Cartagrna)
   
Silingi Vandal Tribe
120 BC - 271 AD 391
Visigothic Tribe
271 - 418 147
In Silesia
In Dacia & Pannonia (Hungary)
271 - 406 135
Visigothic Tribe
271 - 418 147
Terving Pagans 369 - 95 26
369 - 81 12 Athanaric. W/ Rothesteus & Winguric.
376 Alavivus. Rebel against Valens.
376 - 80 4 Fritigern
Balti 395 - 418 23
395 - 410 15 Alaric 1
Visigothic Tribe
271 - 418 147
409 Move into Spain from France
429 Move into Africa in Morrocco
Visigothic Kingdom
418 - 721
303
Balti 418 - 531 113
418 - 9 9  Wallia
419 - 51 32 Theodoric 1
466 - 84 18 Euric
484 - 507 23 Alaric 2
         
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
Roman Empire
27 BCE - 476 CE
503
755 BC 286 AD 1041 Rome
286 402 116 Milan
402 476 74 Ravenna
#C #E *
Julio - Claudian Dynasty
27 BC - 68 AD
95
Julian
27 BC - 14 AD
27 BC - 14 41 Augustus.
During the reign of Augustus, Roman circus games resulted in the killing of 3,500 elephants.[
1904 History of Rome During Later Republic & Early Principate by Greenidge, A. H. J. (Abel Hendy Jones) 227,237 K
1907 Religion of Ancient Rome by Bailey, Cyril 26,801 K
1909 Conflict of Religions in Early Roman Empire by Glover, T. R. (Terrot Reaveley) 153,598 K
1911 Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism by Cumont, Franz Valery Marie 96,925 K
6 Census of Quirinius. Rome.
9 Three Roman legions were ambushed & destroyed at Teutoberg Forest by Germans under leadership of Arminius.
0 Capua Amphitheater
10s Augustus of Primaporta, (perhaps a copy of a bronze statue of ca. 20 BC), is made. It is now kept in Musei Vaticani, Braccio Nuovo, Rome.
10s Gemma Augustea made. Now kept at Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
10s House of Silver Wedding, Pompeii, is built. Excavated in 1893, year of silver wedding anniversary of Italys King Humbert & his wife, Margherita of Savoy, who have supported archaeological fieldwork at Pompeii.
46 BCE - 15 CE 61 Ovid "the lovepoet of Romans" was born. Authored over 54 books.
59 BC - 17 AD 58 Livy. Roman Historian.
14 Via Aemilia-Rimini Romano Bridge
14 - 37 23 Tiberius.
80 - 15 65 Vitruvius Roman writer
17 Janus Temple Rome
15 BCE - 19 CE Germanicus
64 BC - 24 AD 60 Strabo
58 BC - 29 AD 87 Livia Roman Empress
30 Verona Amphitheater
20 - 31 51 Sejanus
000s painting "Alexander Great confronts Darius III at Battle of Issos", detail of mosaic floor decoration from Pompeii, Italy is made. It is a Roman copy after a Greek painting of c. 310 BC, perhaps by Philoxenos or Helen of Egypt. It is now at Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Italy.
37 - 41 4 Caligula.
38 Claudia Aqueduct
Claudian 41 - 68 27
41 - 54 13 Claudius.
40s On Shortness of Life by Seneca Younger 4 BC 65 AD 29.4M 1;04;19
46 Castel Brando
52 Anio Novus Aqueduct & Bridge.
54 - 68 14 Nero
1881 Nero Makers of History Series by Abbott, Jacob 60,490 K
50s Wall niche, from garden in Pompeii, is made. It is now kept at Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, England.
50s Detail of a wall painting in House of M. Lucretius Fronto, Pompeii, is made.
64 Great Fire of Rome 1st Roman mass Persecution of Christians, earliest significant recognition of Christians in Rome.
4 BC - 65 AD 69 Seneca Younger
000s Codex 1st form of modern book, appears in Roman Empire
Civil War
5 - 67 62 Paul of Tarsus
69 - 96 27 Tacitus Histories 100 10 10
69 Year of 4 emperors Roman Civil War
68 - 9 1 Galba
69 Otho
69 1st Battle of Bedriacum
69 2nd Battle of Bedriacum
69 Battle of Locus Castorum
Flavian
69 - 96 27
69 - 79 10 Vespasian.
66 - 73 7 1st JewishRoman War
70 - 80 10 Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) constructed, origin of name Arena.
23 - 79 56 Pliny Elder Author, Naturalist, Natural Philosopher
79 - 81 2 Titus.
79 Destruction of Jerusalem.
79 Mount Vesuvius Eruption Pompeii & Herculaneum destroyed by of
Last Days of Pompeii 1984 1935
Ultimi giorni di Pompei, Gli 1960
81 - 438 Ludus Magnus Amphitheater Rome
81 - 96 15 Domitian.
90s Codex replaces scroll.
90s Cityscape, detail of a Second Style wall painting from a bedroom in House of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, is made. It is now at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
90s Bedroom from House of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale is made. It is reconstructed with later furnishings at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
90s Seascape, detail of a wall painting from Villa Farnesina, Rome, is made.
90s Young Woman Writing detail of a wall painting, from Pompeii, is made. It is now kept at Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples.
90s Mausoleum under Construction, relief from tomb of Haterius family, Via Labicana, Rome, is made. It is now kept at Musei Vaticani, Museo Gregoriano Profano, ex Lateranese, Rome.
90s MiddleAged Flavian Woman, is made. It is now kept at Musei Vaticani, Museo Gregoriano Profano, ex Lateranese, Rome.
98 Germania Tacitus 32M 1;09;54
98 Agricola Tacitus 40.8M 1;29;16
000s Palatine Towers Turin
000s Larino Amphitheater Larinum
000s Luna Amphitheater
000s Portunus Temple Rome backside
79 Vespasian & Titus Temple Rome
000s Vaisonla Romaine Bridge france
Roman Empire
27 BCE - 476 CE 503
5 Good Emperors
96 - 180
84
96 - 98 2 Nerva.
Imperium: Augustus 2003
Empire 2005  rise of Octavius (Augustus)
Caligula 1980
I, Claudius 1976
Imperium: Nerone (Nero) 2004
Quo Vadis 1951
Sign of Cross 1932

98 - 117 19 Trajan. Limit of Empire reached.
100 - 10 10 Histories Tacitus 303M 11;02;53
101 - 6 5 Dacian Wars
98 Empire at greatest extent.
104 - 9 Trajan Bathhouse Rome
109 Traiana Aqueduct Barbegal Mill
109 sul Ofanto Via Traina Bridge
106 - 112 Trajans Forum Rome
61 - 112 51 Pliny Younger of Rome. lawyer, author, & magistrate
114 Trajans Column 140 feet high.
56 - 117 51 Tacitus
117 - 38 21 Hadrian Rebuilt Jerusalem, placing Temple of Jupiter on site of Solomons Temple. He also visited Britain.
80s - 120s 40s Juvenal Roman Satirical Poet
121 Lives of Twelve Caesars by Suetonius Tranquillus 69122440M 16;02;35
121 Hadrians Wall built from Rhine to Danube Rivers.
125 Roman Empire Roads
126 Pantheon Temple Rome
132 Popilia Road
135 Venus & Roma Temple
137 Christmas festival begins
123 - 139 Castel Sant Angelo
118 - 28 10 Pantheon
69 - 130 61 Suetonius, Roman historian
134 Rome Bridge of Angels
135 Aelius Bridge rome
132 - 5 3 Bar Kokhbas revolt against Rome
138 - 61 23 Antoninus Pius.
141 Antoninus & Faustina Temple Rome
144 Marcion, rejected by Church of Rome, founds Marcionism
145 Hadrian Temple Rome
150 - 250 100 Modalism (Monarchianism) in Rome. Sabellius, Praxeus, Noetus, Paul of Samosata
158 Augustus Temple Rome
100 - 60 60 Valentinius Gnostic philosopher in Rome.
161 - 80 19 Marcus Aurelius
1776 Decline Fall of Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon 545M 19;50;42
166 - 180 14 Marcomannic Wars Roman Empire against Marcomanni, Quadi & other Germanic peoples, along both sides of upper & middle Danube.
167 - 75 8 1st Marcomanni War
178 - 80 2 2nd Marcomanni War (depicted in movie Gladiator)
180 Marcus Aurelius Meditations 121 80 191M
Commodus 180 - 192 Commodus
180 - 92 12 Commodus Profligate & cruel. In his reign civilization, morals & religion declined. Pertinax proposed reforms & was murdered by Praetorian Guards, of whom Julianus bought throne.
Fall of Roman Empire 1964
Gladiator 2000
Severan 192 - 235 42
192 - 211 18 Septimius Severus. "Brave man." Visited Britain & built a wall at York & died there.
193 Rome Aureliusza Column

 

211 - 18 6 Caracalla.
210s Caracalla Made. Now at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
210s Burial in catacombs becomes common.
212 Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men.
212 - 6 4 Baths of Caracalla.
200 - 20 20 Castrense Amphitheater.
200s Menorahs & Ark of Covenant, wall painting in a Jewish catacomb, Villa Torlonia (Rome).
217 - 18 1 Macrinus.
218 Battle of Antioch
218 - 22 4 Elagabalus. "Wanton, extravagant, depraved, & horribly cruel."
222 - 35 13 Alexander Severus. Made reforms. Murdered.
226 - 780s 550s Aqua Alexandrina Bridge
235 - 37 2 Maximinus.
238 - 44 6 Gordian 3.
238 Battle of Carthage
244 - 49 5 Philip Arab.
249 - 51 2 Decius.
249 Gothic invasion.
251 Battle of Abrutum. Goths vs Rome. Decius & sons slain by Goths, led by Ostrogotha.
251 - 53 2 Trebonianus Gallus.
253 3m Aemilius.
253 - 260 7 Valerian
255 Barbarians invade on all sides.
258 Valerians Massacre of Christians.
259 Battle of Mediolanum
260 Valerian taken prisoner by Sapor, ruler of Persia, & flayed.
260 - 75 15 Gallienus.
263 Vast hordes of Heruli traversed Italy.
268 - 70 2 Claudius.
269 Battle of Lake Benacus
270 - 75 5 5 Aurelian.
Nel Segno di Roma (Sign of Gladiator) 1959 
271 Battle of Placentia
271 Battle of Fano
271 Battle of Pavia
275 - 76 6M Tacitus. murdered
276 3M Florianus. murdered
276 - 82 6 Probus.
282 - 84 2 Carus.
Constantinian Dynasty
284 - 363
79
284 - 305 21 Diocletian.
286 capital moved from Rome to Ravenna
300 Good Shepherd, Orants & Story of Jonah, painted ceiling of Catacombs of Marcellinus & Peter, Rome, is made.

 

Roman Empire
27 BCE - 476 CE 503
305 - 06 1 Chlorus 1. Constantius "Constantine Great"
305 - 11 6 Galerius. Junior CoEmperor
306 - 07 1 Flavius Valerus. Severus Junior CoEmperor
306 - 12 6 Maxentius. West Emperor
309 Romulus Temple Rome
312 Battle of Turin
312 Battle of Verona
312 Battle of Milvian Bridge
311 - 13 2 Maximinus Daia Co West Emperor
313 - 1754 Padua Cathedral
308 - 24 16 Licinius
306 - 37 31 Constantine Great 1st Christian Emperor. Made Constantinople capital of Rome.
Constantine & Cross 1962
324 St. John Lateran Basilica
330 - 60 30 Codex Sinaiticus & Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1st Christian Bibles
Ends persecution of Christians in Roman Empire (see also Constantinian shift) & Constantinople becomes new seat of government (New Rome)
331 Heathen temples in Rome destroyed.
337 Constantine 2
337 Constans
337 Constantius 2
350 9m Vetranio
360 - 63 3 Julian Publicly abandoned Christianity & adopted paganism.
Emperor Julian Letters
Emperor Julian Orations
Emperor Julian Satires
363 - 1914 Arezzo Cathedral
363 - 64 7m Jovianus
Valentinian 364 - 92 28
364 - 75 11 Valentinian 1 & ^ Cratian
300s - 1848 Aosta Cathedral
364 - 78 14 Valens Eastern.
367 - 83 16 Gratian.
370 - 4 4 Hun Invasion of Europe from Central Asian steppe.
375 - 568 Migration period of people entering Europe from north due to cold period.Beginning with anvasion of Europe by Huns in 375 and finishing with invasion of Lumbards in 568. migrants comprised war bands or tribes of 10,000 to 20,000 people,[5] but in the course of 100 years they numbered not more than 750,000 in total, compared to an average 39.9 million population of the Roman Empire at that time. 
375 - 92 17 Valentinian 2. Western Empire.
376 - 82 6 Gothic War in Balkans
377 Concerning Virgins by Saint Ambrose 68.4M 2;29;21
378 Battle of Adrianople. Roman army defeated by Visigoth cavalry. Emperor Valens is killed.
Theodosian Dynasty
392 - 455
63
379 - 95 16 Theodosius 1 became ruler of Eastern Empire of Rome. He began a 4year campaign against Goths. Pulled down statues of heathen gods. Officially divided Roman Empire into Greek or Eastern Empire with capital at Constantinople, & Roman or Western Empire with capitals at Mediolanum (Milan) & Ravenna. 129 yrs.
387 On Duties of Clergy by Saint Ambrose 240M 8;43;54
Bans pagan worship, Christianity is made official religion of Empire.
390s Atrium added in Old St. Peters Basilica, Rome.
390s San Sebastiano Gate Appian Road
390s Cubiculum of Leonis, Catacomb of Commodilla, near Rome.
394 Vesta Temple fire Rome.
394 Battle of Frigidus Visigoths defeat Romans in North Italy. Roman Frankish general Flavius Arbogast & Bauto die.
395 Roman Emperor Theodosius 1 dies, causing Roman Empire to split permanently.
337 97 60 Ambrose Christian theologian, bishop of Milan whose preaching converted Augustine
397 8 Confessions Saint Augustine 344M 12;32;41
300s - 1500s Reggio Emilia Cathedral
300s - 1860 Vercelli Cathedral
3 - 400s Paddleboat Rome mentioned
300s Minerva Medica Temple nymphaeum Rome
Roman Empire
27 BCE - 476 CE 503
Theodosian Dynasty 392 - 455 63
395 - 423 28 Honorius.
400 City of God Saint Augustine 1.07G 40;27;49
402 Roman Empire moves capital from Mediolanum (Milan) to Ravenna
402 Battle of Pollentia
402 Battle of Verona
406 Battle of Faesulae
407 Constantine 3 leads many of Roman military units from Britain to Gaul, occupying Arles (Arelate). This is generally seen as Romes withdrawal from Britain.
409 Belgium revolted from Rome & all Germany was in motion for independence.
370 - 410 40 Alaric 1, king of Visigoths that sacked Rome
340 - 410 70 Tyrannius Rufinus Priest of Aquileia, hermit, Latin translator
410 Rome sacked by Visigoths led by their king Alaric.
410s Baptistry of Neon Ravenna
354 - 418 64 Pelagius Priest, father of Pelagianism
347 - 420 83 Jerome Christian hermit, priest, Latin translator of Bible & other theological works. Slovenia.
420 Enchiridion 70M 2;32
423 - 55 31 Valentinian 3.
426 Total withdrawal of Romans soldiers from Britain when Picts & Scots invaded from north. Saxons were invited over to assist in expelling them & gradually took possession of country. Saxon Heptarchy was formed, & existed until Egbert formed kingdom of England in
432 Battle of Ravenna
433 Attila invades Roman empire, sacking & pillaging over 70 cities.
360 - 435 75 John Cassian Christian monk & theologian. Romania.
451 Attila invades Roman empire
452 Aquileia is destroyed by Attila Hun
396 - 454 58 Aetius Last of great Roman generals
455 Rome Sacked by Vandals
Last Emperors of West
455 - 76 21
455 1 Petronius Maximus.
455 - 56 1 Avitus.
456 Battle of Camp Canini
456 - 61 4 Majorian.
461 - 64 3 Libius Severus.
467 - 72 5 Anthemius.
400 - 71 71 Aspar Eastern Roman general & politician
405 - 72 67 Ricimer General, Politician
472 - 73 1 Olybrius.
473 - 74 1 Glycerius.
474 - 75 & 80 2 Julius Nepos.
475 - 76 1 Romulus Agustulus.
476 Odoacer overthrows Romulus Augustulus. End of Roman Empire. "Middle Ages" began & rise of feudal system. There was a Feudal Alliance between Odoacer, king of Western Empire & Euric. Euric formally resigned his provinces & received them again as fiefs of Rome.
476 poet Petrarch of Italy coins term Dark Ages to describe preceding 900 years in Europe, beginning with fall of Western Roman Empire in through to renewal embodied in Renaissance.
480 Assassination of Julius Nepos, last de jure Emperor of Western Roman Empire, in Dalmatia
492 DellOvo Castle
400s - 1600s Genoa Cathedral
     
Lumbard Tribe
300 - 568
260s
Legendary rulers
300 - 400
100
300 - 20? 20 Shava
320 - 40? 20 Agelmund
340 - 50? 10 Lamissio
350 - 70? 20 Ybor & Agio, brothers, together with their mother Gambara, who led emigration from Scandinavia
370 - 85? 10 Agilmund, ^Agio
385 - 400? 10 Laiamicho
Lumbard Tribe
300 - 568 260s
Legendary rulers
300 - 400
100
400 - 40 40 Lethuc

440 - 60 20 Aldihoc

480 - 90 10 Godehoc led Lombards into modernday Austria
489 Battle of Isonzo
489 Battle of Adige
489 Battle of Ravenna
490 - 500 10 Claffo

       
Ostrogothic Kingdom
493 - 553
60
@Rome Ostrogoths invaded Western Empire under Theodoric Great. One third of lands were given to his 500,000 troops. He married Clovis sister. Roman or Western Empire came under Ostrogothic monarchy of Italy with capitals at Ravenna & Verona.
493 Theodoric ousts Odoacer to become king of Italy.
493 - 526 33 Theodoric Great.
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
Popes in Rome
30 - 755 725
30 - 67 37 Simon Peter
52 - 96 44 New Testament Eight authors wrote twentyseven books
64 - 67 3 Linus
64 - 8 4 1st Persecution by Nero began
5 - 67 62 Apostle Paul Beheaded
Peter & Paul 1981
77 - 88 11 Anacletus
81 2nd Persecution by Domitian
88 - 97 11 Clement 1
Popes in Rome
30 - 755 725
199 - 217 18 Zephyrinus
200 5th Persecution by Severus
217 - 23 6 Callixtus 1
223 - 30 7 Urban 1
230 - 35 5 Pontian
235 6th Persecution by Maximus
170 - 235 65 Hippolytus 1st Antipope
235 - 36 1 Anterus
236 - 50 14 Fabian
251 - 53 2 Cornelius
250 - 53 7th Persecution by Decius who proposed to extirpate Christianity from earth by sword & fire, wild beasts, wheel, redhot iron chairs, & every variety of torture.
253 - 54 1 Lucius 1
254 - 57 3 Stephen 1
257 - 58 1 Sixtus 2
257 - 60 3 8th Persecution
259 - 68 9 Dionysus
269 - 74 5 Felix 1
275 - 83 8 Eutychian
275 9th Persecution by Aurelian.
283 - 96 13 Caius
296 - 304 8 Marcellinus
Popes in Rome
30 - 755 725
308 - 09 1 Marcellus 1
302 - 11 10th Persecution"Era of Martyrs" Or "Diocletian Era." Last & worst of Imperial Romes persecutions.
309 - 10 1 Eusebius
311 - 14 3 Miltiades
312 Edict of Milan ending Christian persecutions.
313 Constantines conversion came by a vision of a luminous cross in sky.
314 - 35 21 Sylvester 1
325 After being persecuted for almost 200 years Constantine made Church becomes a legal religion, compromise begins to enter.
325 1st Christian Bible
325 1st Ecumenical Council of Council of Nicea by Constantine, Emperor of Rome, & held at Nice, Bithynia. 318 Bishops & 2,048 Ecclesiastics. "Nicene Creed" was formed at this council.
336 1 Mark
337 - 52 15 Julius 1
352 - 66 14 Liberius
366 - 84 18 Damascus
381 2nd Council was held at Constantinople from May to July. Three hundred fifty Bishops attended.
384 - 99 15 Siricius
399 - 401 2 Anastasius 1
Popes in Rome
30 - 755 725
401 17 16 Innocent 1
413 City of God by Saint Augustine of Hippo (354 430 76)
Agostino dIppona 1972 Italian 
417 - 18 1 Zosimus
418 - 22 4 Boniface 1
422 - 32 10 Celestine I
431 3rd Council held at Ephesus.
432 - 40 8 Sixtus 3
440 - 61 21 Leo 1
451 4th Council at Chalcedon
452 Pope Leo 1 meets personally with Attila on Micino River & convinces him not to sack Rome.
461 - 68 7 Hilarius
468 - 83 15 Simplicius
483 - 92 9 Felix 3
492 - 96 4 Gelasius 1
496 - 98 2 Anastasius 2
498 - 514 16 Symmachus
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
     
Republic of San Marino
301 - Present
1711
@ San Marino, Italy
Republic of San Marino
301 - Present 1711
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
60 Shipwreck of St. Paul Apostle.
117 - 38 21 Islands become municipal under Emperor Hadrian.
 
395 Roman rule ends.
395 - 870 475 Byzantine rule.
454 Islands occupied by Vandals (?)
464 Islands occupied by Goths (?)
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
     
394 Battle of Frigidus River
347 - 420 73 Jerome Christian Priest, monk, & translator of Bible into Latin. Slovenia
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
Roman province of Illyricum
167 BC - 20 AD
187
@ Salona (Solin)
20 Divided into Pannonia & Dalmatia
   
300 Diocletianus Aqueduct Croatia
314 Battle of Cibalae
351 Battle of Mursa Major
388 Battle of Save River
3 - 400s Zadar Cathedral Basilica Croatia
4 - 500s Krk Cathedral
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
         
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
98 - 117 19 Durrës Amphitheater Albania
       
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
         
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
000s Viminacium City Serbia
10 Roman Sarcophogus @ Zemun City founded
Roman Province of
Lower Pannonia

103 - 296 193
@ Aquincum, Hungary & Sirmium, Serbia
Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina
107 Divided into Pannonia Superior & Pannonia Inferior
103 - 5 Romania Serbia Apollodorus Bridge
105 Trajans Bridge
120s Ulpiana 1st Mentioned
Roman Province of
Lower Pannonia

103 - 296 193
269 Battle of Naissus
Roman Province of
Pannonia Secunda

296 - 400s 150s
@ Sirmium, Serbia
Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina
202 Remesiana City
298 - 450s Gamzigrad
Roman Province of
Pannonia Secunda

296 - 400s 150s
306 - 442 Mediana
Roman Province of
Pannonia Secunda

296 - 400s 150s
Kingdom of Gepids
434 - 500s
100
@Sirmium, Serbia. Including: Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria, Urkaine
434 - 454 20 Ardaric
454 - 74 20 Gunderit
474 - 488 14 Thraustila
488 - 505 27 Thrasaric
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
000s - 1500s Skopje Aqueduct Macedonia
     
400s Strumica Fortress Macedonia
000s
100s
200s
300s
400s
Roman Province of Achaea
146 BC - 330 AD
476
@ Athens
95 Apostle John banished to Patmos, Greece.
46 - 120 74 Plutarch historian
Roman Province of Achaea
146 BC - 330 AD 476
131 - 216 85 Claudius Galenus (Galen) Physician. Wrote 500 books on Medicine & 250 on other subjects.
183 - 213 30 Oppian Poet. Wrote 5 books on fishing & 4 books on hunting.
117 - 38 Stymfalia Hadrian Aquaduct atSiouri
120s Stymfalia Aqueduct Greece
195 Kythira Chora Kythira panorama Gains Independence

Roman Province of Achaea
146 BC - 330 AD 476
267 Battle of Thermopylae
Roman Province of Achaea
146 BC - 330 AD
476
Byzantine Province of Achaea
330 - 600s
250s
@ Athens
Byzantine Province of Achaea
330 - 600s
250s
Roman Province of Macedonia
146 BC - 330 AD
476
@ Thessalonica & Stobi
Roman Province of Macedonia
146 BC - 330 AD 476
Roman Province of Macedonia
146 BC - 330 AD 476
Roman Province of Macedonia
146 BC - 330 AD 476
Byzantine Province of Macedonia
330 - 600s
250s
@ Thessalonica & Stobi
Byzantine Province of Macedonia
330 - 600s
250s
Roman Province of
Creta et Cyrenaica

20 BC - 297 AD
317
@ Gortyn, Crete
Roman Province of
Creta et Cyrenaica

20 BC - 297 AD 317
Roman Province of
Creta et Cyrenaica

20 BC - 297 AD 317