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1590s Kazakh Empire divides into three hordes: Great Horde (east), Middle Horde (center), & Lesser Horde (west).
 
1710s Oyrat raids on Kazakhs.
1723 - 30 7 "Great Disaster" – an invasion of Kazakh territories by Dzungars.
1723 - 25 12 Kalmuk & Oyrat raids into northern Transoxiana. Turkmenistan
1747 Uzbek Mangit dynasty begins to rise to power in Khanate of Bukhara.
1763 Uzbek Kungrat dynasty begins to rise to power in Khanate of Khiva (or Khorezm).
1771 Some Kalmuks migrate back to Jungaria, China & Ili Valley, Kazazstan from Volga.
1784 - 5 1 Mangits succeed Astrakhanids as rulers of Khanate of Bukhara & adopt title of Emir.
1798 establishment of Uzbek Khanate of Kokand.
1820s - 40s 20 Kazakh revolts against Russian rule.
1822 Khanate of Kazakh Middle Horde abolished by Russia.
1824 Khanate of Kazakh Lesser Horde is abolished by Russia.
1838 - 47 9 Kazakh resistance to Russian rule under Kenesary Kasimov
1802 - 47 45 Kenesary Kasimov Kazakh
1842 imprisonment & execution of Stoddart & Conolly by Emir Nasrullah of Bukhara.
1848 Khanate of Kazakh Great Horde is abolished by Russia.
1855 Kazakhstan comes fully under Russian control, who now hold Syr Darya line (from Aral Sea to Lake Issyk Kul).
1920 People's Republic of Khorezm (Khiva) is established under leadership of Young Khivans. Uzbekistan.
1920 Kazakh (then called Kirghiz) ASSR is created.
1920 Soviet troops capture Bukhara, resulting in abolition of Khanate of Bukhara & end of Mangit dynasty.
1920 People's Republic of Bukhara is established under leadership of Young Bukharans & Bukharan Communist Party, with Faizullah Khojaev 1896 1938 as chairman & then premier.
1907 Ascension Cathedral, Almaty second tallest wooden building in world
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1600s
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1900s
 
1100s Merv Largest City in world turkmenistan
1740 Astrakhanid dynasty collapses Uzbekistan
 
1998 Ertuğrul Gazi Mosque Turkmenistan
1500s
1600s
1700s
1800s
1900s
Khanate of Bukhara
1506 - 1785 279
@ Bukhara
1506 Consolidated Uzbek tribes to make Bukhara
Shaybanid 1506 - 99 93
1506 - 10 4 Muhammad Shayabak Khan ibn Shah Budagh Khan ibn Abul-Khayr Khan
1505 Shaybanid Horde (Uzbeks) under Muhammad Shaybani expel Timurids from Transoxiana & capture Samarkand
1506 Uzbek Shaybanids capture Bukhara (Uzbekistan) & Herat (Afghanistan), bringing to an end Timurid dynasty & forcing Babur to flee
1510 Uzbek khan Muhammad Shaybani dies in battle against Safavids at Merv
1512 - 31 19 Kochkunju Muhammad bin Abul-Khayr Khan
1510s Uzbeks move south to Transoxiana
1531 - 4 3  Abu Sa'id bin Kochkunju
1534 - 9 5  Ubaydullah bin Mahmud bin Shah Budagh
1539 - 40 1  Abdullah bin Kochkunju
1540 - 52 12 Abdal-Latif bin Kochkunju
1552 - 6 4 Nawruz Ahmed bin Sunjuq bin Abul-Khayr Khan
1556 - 61 5 Pir Muhammad Khan bin Jani Beg
1561 - 83 22 Iskander bin Jani Beg
1583 - 98 15 Abdullah Khan bin Iskander
1598 Abdul-Mo'min bin Abdullah Khan
1598 - 9 1 Pir Muhammad Khan bin Sulayman Khan bin Jani Beg
Janids 1599 - 1785 186
1599 - 1605 6 Baqi Muhammad Khan 
1500 Uzbeks cross Syr Darya river & enter Transoxiana
1538 Abdullah Shaybanid 2 expands Shaybanid (Uzbek) empire & moves capital to Bukhara, Uzbekhistan.
1500 Uzbeks capture Samarkand under Muhammad Shaybani Khan 1451 1510, thus taking over Transoxiana from Timurids.
1501 - 11 10 Babur & Uzbeks continuously battle to control Samarkand.
1506 Uzbeks capture Bukhara.
1507 Uzbeks capture Herat, bringing to an end Timurid dynasty.
1514 - 33 rule of Eastern Chagatayid Khan Sayid, under whom capital moves from Ili to Kashgar.
1557 - 98 reign of last & greatest Shaybanid ruler in Bukhara, Abdullah Khan II (1533 - 98).
Khanate of Bukhara
1500 - 1785 285
1605 - 11 6 Vali Muhammad Khan 
1611 - 42 31 Imam Quli Khan
1642 - 5 3 Nadir Muhammad Khan 
1645 - 80 35 Abdul Aziz Khan
1680 - 1702 22 Subhan Quli Khan
Khanate of Bukhara
1500 - 1785 285
1702 - 11 9 Ubaidullah Khan
1711 - 47 36 Abu'l-Faiz Khan
1747 - 8 1 Muhammad Abd al-Mumin
1748 - 53 5 Muhammad Ubaidullah 2 (nominal)
1753 - 8 5 Muhammad Rahim (usurper), atalik khan
1758 - ? Shir Ghazi
1758 - 85 27 Abu'l Ghazi Khan
Khanate of Bukhara breaks up into:
Emirate of Bukhara
Khanate of Khiva
Khanate of Kokand
   
Khanate of Khiva
1511 - 1920 409
@ Khiva
Uzbek, Persian
Sunni Islam, Sufism
Absolute Monarchy
Arabshahid 1511 - 1814 303
1511 - 8 7 Ilbars 1
1518 - 9 1 Sultan Haji
1519 - 24 5 Hasan Quli
1524 - 9 5 Bujugha
1529 - 35 6 Sufyan
1535 - 8 3 Avnik
1539 - 49 10 Qal
1549 - 57 8 Aqatay
1557 - 8 1 Dust Muhammad
1558 - 1602 44 Haji Muhammad 1
Khanate of Khiva
1511 - 1920 409
@ Khiva
1558 - 1602 44 Haji Muhammad 1
1602 - 23 21 Arab Muhammad 1
1623 - 43 20 Isfandiyar
1643 - 63 20 Abu alGhazi 1 Bahadur
1663 - 85 22 Anusha
1685 - 7 2 Khudaydad
1687 - 94 7 Muhammad Awrang 1
1694 - 7 3 Chuchaq
1697 - 8 1 Vali
1698 - 1701 3 Ishaq Agha Shah Niyaz

Khanate of Khiva
1511 - 1920 409
@ Khiva
1698 - 1701 3 Ishaq Agha Shah Niyaz
1701 - 2 1 Awrang 2
1702 - 12 10 Musa
1712 - 3 1 Yadigar 1
1713 - 4 1 Awrang 3
1714 Haji Muhammad 2
1714 - 27 13 Shir Ghazi
1727 Sarigh Ayghir
1727 - 8 1 Bahadur
1728 - 40 12 Ilbars 2
1740 - 2 2 Tahir
1742 Nurali 1
1742 Abu Muhammad
1742 - 7 5 Abu alGhazi 2 Muhammad
1747 - 58 11 Ghaib
1758 Abdullah Qara Beg
1758 - 64 6 Timur Ghazi
1764 - 6 2 Tawke
1766 - 8 2 Shah Ghazi
1768 - 9 1 Abu alGhazi 3
1769 Nurali 2
1769 - 70 1 Jahangir
1770 Bölekey
1770 - 1 1 Aqim 1stX
1771 Abd alAziz
1772 Artuq Ghazi
1772 Abdullah
1772 - 3 1 Aqim 2ndX
1773 - 5 2 Yadigar 2 1stX
1775 - 9 4 Abu'l Fayz
1779 - 81 2 Yadigar 2 2ndX
1781 - 3 2 Pulad Ghazi
1783 - 90 7 Yadigar 2 3rdX
1790 - 1802 12 Abu alGhazi 4

Khanate of Khiva
1511 - 1920 409
@ Khiva
1790 - 1802 12 Abu alGhazi 4
1802 - 4 2 Abu alGhazi 5 ibn Gha'ib
Qungrat 1804 - 1920 116
1804 - 6 2 Iltazar Inaq ibn Iwaz Inaq Biy
1806 Abu alGhazi 5 ibn Gha'ib
1806 - 25 19 Muhammad Rahim Bahadur
1825 - 42 17 Allah Quli Bahadur
1842 - 6 4 Muhammad Rahim Quli
1846 - 55 9 Abu alGhazi Muhammad Amin Bahadur
1855 Abdullah
1855 - 6 1 Qutlugh Muhammad Murad Bahadur
1856 Mahmud
1856 - 64 8 Sayyid Muhammad
1864 - 1910 46 Muhammad Rahim Bahadur

Khanate of Khiva
1511 - 1920 409
@ Khiva
1864 - 1910 46 Muhammad Rahim Bahadur
1910 - 8 8 Isfandiyar Jurji Bahadur
1918 - 20 2 Sayid Abdullah
   
Khanate of Kokand
1709 - 1876 187
@ Kokand
Persian
Sunni, Shia Islam
Monarchy
1709 - 21 12 Shahrukh Bı
1721 - 33 12 Abdu'l Rahım Bı
1733 - 46 13 Abdu'l Kahım Bı
1751 - 70 19 Irdana
1774 - 98 24 Narbuta Beg
1798 - 1810 12 Alim Khan

Khanate of Kokand
1709 - 1876 187
1798 - 1810 12 Alim Khan
1810 - 22 12 Muhammad Umar Khan (styled Amir alMuslimin from 1814)
1822 - 41 19 Muhammad Ali Khan
1842 - 5 3 Shir 'Ali Khan
1845 Murad Beg Khan
1845 - 52 7 Muhammad Khudayar Khan 1stX
1853 - 8 5 Muhammad Khudayar Khan 2ndX
1858 - 62 4 Muhammad Malla Beg Khan
1862 Shah Murad Khan
1862 - 5 3 Muhammad Khudayar Khan 3rdX
1863 - 5 2 Muhammad Sultah Khan 1stX (with Alimqul as regent)
1865 Bil Bahchi Khan
1865 - 6 1 Muhammad Sultah Khan 2ndX
1866 - 75 9 Muhammad Khudayar Khan 4thX
1875 Nasir adDin Khan 1stX
1875 Muhammad Pulad Beg Khan
1875 - 6 1 Nasir adDin Abdul Karim Khan 2ndX
 
1512 - 1533 Miri Arab Madrasah Mosque in Bukhara
1619 Shaybanid (Uzbek) khan Yalangtush Bahador begins construction of Sher Dor madrasa in Samarkand's Registan
1646 Uzbeks begin construction of Tilla Kari madrasa in Samarkand's Registan
1687 end of Shaybanid rule in Khiva, Uzbekhistan.
Emirate of Bukhara
1785 - 1920
135
@ Bukhara
Persian
Sunni Islam, Shia islam, Sufism (Naqshbandi), Judaism
Monarchy
1785 - 99 14 Shah Murad
1799 - 1826 27 Haydar

1804 Kungrats (in Khiva, Uzbekhistan) adopt title of Khan.
Emirate of Bukhara
1785 - 1920
135
1799 - 1826 27 Haydar
1826 Husayn Khan
1826 'Umar Khan
1826 - 60 34 Nasr Allah Bahadur Khan
1860 - 85 25 Muzaffar adDin Bahadur Khan
1864 - 5 1 Russo-Kokandian War. Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgystan. Russian Empire vs Khanate of Kokand, Emirate of Bukhara
1865 - 8 3 Russo-Bukharan Wars. Uzbekistan. Russian Empire vs Emirate of Bukhara. Conquered by Russia
1865 - 6 1 Bukharan-Kokandian War. Uzbekistan, kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgystan. Emirate of Bukhara vs Khanate of Kokand
1873 Russian Protectorate
1885 - 1910 25 'Abd alAhad Khan

Emirate of Bukhara
1785 - 1920
135
1885 - 1910 25 'Abd alAhad Khan
1910 - 20 10 Mohammed Alim Khan
1990 Iraq invades Kuwait
1909 founding of Young Bukharans in Bukhara, Uzbekistan
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1900s
       
Russian Tajikistan
1868 - 1920
52
@
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
1929 - 91
62
@ Stalinabad (1929 - 61 32), Dushanbe
State in USSR
Republic of Tajikistan
1991 - Present
20
@ Dushanbe
Tajik (Persian)
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1600s
1700s
1800s
1900s
1500s Koshoy Korgon Kyrgestan