1500s
1600s
1700s
1800s
1900s
MA5
 
Pur
 
Fr & Indian Wars
 
 
Zapo
 
US Indian wars 1622 - 1890 268
 
Slavery 1500 - 1865 365
 
Aztec
Post Conquest Mesoamerica 1521 - 1697 176
 
N Europe
Iceland Country FlagIreland Country FlagUnited Kingdom Country FlagDenmark Country FlagNorway Country Flag
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W Europe
Netherlands Country FlagBelgium Country FlagLuxembourg Country FlagFrance Country FlagMonaco Country Flag
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S Europe
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E Europe
Poland Country Flag
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N Africa
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E Africa
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W Africa
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C Africa
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S Africa
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W Asia
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C Asia
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S Asia
Iran Country FlagAfghanistan Country Flag
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Bangladesh Country FlagBhutan Country FlagSri Lanka Country FlagMaldives Country Flag
E Asia
China Country Flag
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SE Asia
Myanmar Country FlagThailand Country FlagLaos Country FlagCambodia Country FlagVietnam Country Flag
Malaysia Country FlagSingapore Country FlagIndonesia Country FlagBrunei Country FlagPhilippines Country FlagEast Timor Country Flag
Oceania
Palau Country Flag
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North America
Canada Country FlagUnited States Country FlagMexico Country Flag
C America
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Carribean
Bahamas Country FlagTurks and Caicos Country FlagCuba Country FlagHaiti Country FlagDominican Republic Country FlagJamaica Country FlagCayman Islands Country Flag
Antigua and Barbuda Country FlagBarbados Country FlagDominica Country FlagGrenada Country FlagSaint Kitts and Nevis Country FlagSaint Lucia Country FlagSaint Vincent and the Grenadas Country FlagTrinidad and Tobago Country Flag
S America
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Brazil Country FlagBolivia Country FlagChile Country FlagArgentina Country FlagUruguay Country FlagParaguay Country Flag
Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763
229
@ Quebec
French
Roman Catholicism
Monarchy
New France Livre
1521 - 1917 San Juan Bautista Cathedral Puerto Rico
Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763
229
@ Quebec
French
Roman Catholicism
Monarchy
New France Livre
1608 Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain in New France (presentday Canada).
1600s Jesuits in Canada
Black Robe 1991
1670 The Hudsons Bay Company started.
1645 - 1936 Dulce Nombre de Jesus Cathedral Puerto Rico
1670 - 1839 Ponce Cathedral Puerto Rico

 



Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763
229
@ Quebec
French
Roman Catholicism
Monarchy
New France Livre
British Province of Quebec
1763 - 91
28
@ Quebec
French, English
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism
Constitutiona Monarchy
British North America
1783 - 1907 124
@ Administered from London
English
Anglicanism
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound sterling, Canadian pound, Canadian dollar
1721 - 5 4 Dummers War. Nova Scotia, Canada, Northern New England, USA. New England Colonies, Mohawk vs Wabanaki Confederacy, Abenaki, Pequawket, Mikmaq, Maliseet
1710 British capture French Acadia
1713 Utrecht treaty gives Britain Newfoundland, St. Kitts and Hudson bay. Leaves Britain dominant in force in America
1754 - 63 9 French & Indian War Part of the Seven Years War Great Britain British America Iroquois Confederacy Onondaga Oneida Seneca Tuscarora Mohawk Cayuga Catawba Cherokee (before 1758) France New France Abenaki Algonquin Caughnawaga Mohawk Lenape Mikmaq Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Wyandot
1759 Wolfe captures Quebec and Montreal
1791 The Constitutional Act (Or Canada Act) creates the two provinces of Upper and Lower Canada in British North America.
1793 Upper Canada bans slavery.
1795 France overruns Netherlands
1743 NotreDame de Québec Cathedral
1763 - 2004 Mayagüez Cathedral Puerto Rico
1787 Ninstints Haida villagesite
1830s Hatley Castle
1838 Rideau Hall Castle
1890 Craigdarroch Castle
1853 Life in the Clearings by Moodie 180385 311M 11;20;52
1853 Life in the Clearings by Moodie 180385 311M 11;20;52
1865 Pioneers of France in New World by Francis Parkman 18231893 285M 10;22;50
British North America
1783 - 1907 124
@ Administered from London
English
Anglicanism
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound sterling, Canadian pound, Canadian dollar
1825 History New Brunswick by Fisher 1782 - 1848 203M 7;25;13
1837 - 8 1 Lower Canada Rebellion United Kingdom British North America Patriote movement American Volunteers
British Province of Canada
1841 - 67 26
@ Kingston 1841 - 3 2
Montreal 1843 - 9 6
Toronto 1849 - 52 3
Quebec 1852 - 6 4
Toronto 1856 - 8 2
Quebec 1859 - 66 7
Ottawa 1866 - 7 1
English, French
Constitutional Monarchy
Confederation of Canada
1867 - Present
144
@ English, French, Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ
Federal parliamentary democracy & constitutional monarchy
1885 NorthWest Rebellion Dominion of Canada Provisional Government of Saskatchewan Cree Assiniboine
1892 On Canadas Frontier Sketches of History, Sport, and Adventure and of the Indians, Missionaries, Furtraders, and Newer Settlers of Western Canada by Ralph, Julian 74326 K
1840 Canadian provinces act of Union
1869 Red River Rebellion Dominion of Canada Métis Loyalists British Empire Métis Forces of Louis Riel
1871 Vancouver and British Columbia join Canada
1837 - 8 1 Rebellions of 1837 in Canada.
1896 Klondike Gold Rush in Canada.
1804 Holy Trinity Cathedral Quebec
1835 Christs Church Cathedral Hamilton, Ontario
1845 - 53 Christ Church Cathedral Fredericton
1846 NotreDame Cathedral Basilica, Ottawa
1846 St. Pauls Cathedral London, Ontario
1846 St. Pauls Cathedral Regina
1848 St. Marys Cathedral, Kingston
1853 SaintGermain Cathedral
1855 Basilica of St. John the Baptist, St. Johns
1857 - 60 Christ Church Cathedral Montreal
1860 Saint Boniface Cathedral
1864 - 73 Christ Church Cathedral, Christchurch
1869 St Peters Cathedral, Charlottetown, Canada
1884 - 7 CoCathedral of SaintAntoinedePadoue de Longueuil
1885 St. Peters Cathedral Basilica, London
1892 St. Andrews Cathedral Victoria
1894 Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral
1896 St. Marys Cathedral, Winnipeg
1899 St. Marys Basilica, Halifax
1878 Skedans


















British North America
1783 - 1907 124
@ Administered from London
English
Anglicanism
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound sterling, Canadian pound, Canadian dollar
1911 Casa Loma Castle
1901 Man from Glengarry by Ralph Conner 1860 - 1937 351M 12;47;11
1900 Mounted Police in Canada by Dean 1848 - 1940 274M 9;58;40
1901 Man from Glengarry by Ralph Conner 1860 - 1937 351M 12;47;11
1902 Copyright Question by Morang 1866 - 1937 20M 44;00
1909Canada the Empire of the North by AGNES C. LAUT 1871 - 1936 150M 13;27;35
1915 Dawn of Canadian History A Chronicle of Aboriginal Canada by Stephen Leacock 1869 - 1944 61.3M 2;14;04
1920 Le Petit Nord by Grenfell 1885 - 1938 72M 2;37;08
Confederation of Canada
1867 - Present
144
@ English, French, Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ
Federal parliamentary democracy & constitutional monarchy
1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan become Provinces in Canada
1918 Battle of Baku. Azerbaijan Ottomans 14 #500C 30G, Azerbaijan 2 VS Baku Commune 6 40G, UK 1 1AB 1MGS 3ArC 2 #200, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Armenia, Centrocaspian Dictatorship, White Russians
1918 2nd Battle of the Somme. France UK, (+Australia, Canada), USA 5.6 VS Germany + #600+C
1918 2nd Battle of the Lys. Belgium UK, (+Australia, Newfoundland), Portugal, Belgium, France, USA ? 120 VS Germany 800 120
1918 Battle of Amiens. France UK 3Div 800, (Australia 5Div, Canada 4Div), France 12Div 1.1, USA 1Div 24Div 1.9 532T VS Germany 10ADiv 4RDiv 365 30XWM
1914 1st Battle of Albert. France UK, (Newfoundland) 13Div, France 11Div 24Div VS Germany 6Div
1916 2nd Battle of Albert. France UK, (Newfoundland) 13Div, France 11Div 24Div VS Germany 6Div
1917 Battle of Vimy Ridge. France UK, Canada 5Div 170 3.6X 7W VS Germany 3Div 3045 ?XW 4C
1918 3rd Battle of Albert. France UK, (Newfoundland) 13Div, France 11Div 24Div VS Germany 6Div
1919 Canadas Hundred Days with the Canadian Corps by John Frederick Bligh 18951944 111M 4;02;36
1932 Ottawa agreement promotes Imperial trade
1949 Newfoundland and Labrador join Canada
1914 Oneness Pentecostalism Frank Ewart, G.T.Haywood, Glenn Cook.
1936 Backwoods of Canada by Catharine Trail 180299 235M 8;34;47
1940 Debert, Nova Scotia Canada
1940 Battle of France. Axis Germany 141Div 3.35M 157.6Cas 7.4G 2.4T #795 5.6 1.3 400D, Italy 300 6 163.7 VS Allies France 150, UK, Belgium, Netherlands, Canada, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Luxembourg 144Div 3.3M 2.26M 14G 4T 2.9
1940 Battle of Britain. UK UK, Canada 2, 1.5 #544X #422W VS Germany, Italy 2.6 1.9 2.7X #967C #638B
1940 - 2 2 Siege of Malta. Malta UK, Malta, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia Supply: Free French, Greece, Poland, Norway, USA 30BuD 40Su 2AC 4C 19D 716F 369 64Gr 2.3ACXW 1.3CiX VS Italy 175 72%T 16Su, Germany 357 50U 23%M 2 2.3M 17.2X 2.3M
1942 Battle of Sidi Bou Zid. Tunisia Germany VS USA 2.5M 103T
1941 - 5 4 Battle of the Caribbean. USA, UK, Canada, + VS Germany, Italy
1942 Operation Torch. Morocco, Algeria USA, UK, Free French, Canada, Netherlands 107 479+X 720W VS Germany 2Sub in Mor., Vichy France 60 1.3X 2W
1943 Battle of Ortona. Italy Canada 2Bat #650VS Germany 2Bat ? 1.3CiX
1943 Bernhardt Line. Italy UK, USA, New Zealand, Canada, Free French, India, + VS Germany
1943 Moro River Campaign. Italy UK ?, Canada 2.3, India 3.4, New Zealand 1.6 4Div 2ArB VS Germany 1PaDiv 2GrDiv 1TpDiv
1943 Battle of Sicily. Italy UK, USA, Canada, Newfoundland, Free French 160467 24.8 5.8X 15.7W 3.3C 14V 600T 1.8G VS Italy 230 131.4147 +C, Germany 60 20 260T 1.4
1944 Battle of Monte Cassino. Italy UK, USA, Free French, Poland, Canada, India, New Zealand, Italian Royalists 1.9T 4 55 VS Germany, Italy 20
1944 Battle of Anzio Italy USA, UK, Canada 36 then 150 2.31.5V 43 7X 36WM VS Germany 20 then 135, Italy 4.6 40 5X 30.5WM 4.5C
1944 Battle of Rimini. Italy UK, Canada, Greece, New Zealand 3.4 VS Germany
1944 Operation Overlord. France USA, UK, Canada, Free French, Poland, Czechloslovakia, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Free Belgians, Greece, Luxembourg 1.5 Then 2M 226Cas 4.1 4T VS Germany 380 then 1M 2.3T&AG 2.2, 210450 2.1 13.619.9CivCas
1944 Invasion of Normandy. France UK, USA, Canada, Free French, Poland, Australia, Free Belgians, New Zealand, Netherlands, Norway, Free Czechloslovak, Greece 1.3M 120 VS Germany 380 113
1944 Battle for Caen. France UK, Canada 11Div 3ArDiv 5ArBri 3TBri 50.5Cas VS Germany 7Div 8PTDiv 3HTBat 550T 50.5Cas
1944 Operation Windsor. France Canada 4IBat 1MGBat 2ArReg 17T #377 VS Germany 1PTBat 1Bat 15T #155
1944 Operation Charnwood. France UK, Canada 3IDiv 3ArBri 80T 3.8 VS Germany 1IDiv 1ArDiv 61T 1821 2+ #3400CivX
1944 Operation Atlantic. France Canada 2IDiv 1ArBri 1.7 VS Germany 2PTDiv
1944 Battle of Verrières Ridge. France Germany 1IDiv 2.5PTDiv VS Canada 2IDiv 1ArBri #800X 2WC
German defensive victory
1944 Operation Spring. France Germany 3PTDiv VS Canada, UK 2IDiv 2ArDiv 1ArBri #450X 1.1W
1944 Operation Tractable. France Canada, Poland 1.4, UK 2IDiv 2ArDiv 1ArBri 1TBri VS Germany 2IDiv 1PTDiv
1944 Falaise pocket. France USA, UK, Canada, Poland, Free French 17Div + VS Germany 1415Div 100 60
1944 Operation Dragoon. France USA 2XCM 7.8OCO, Free French 10<, UK, Canada 175200 VS Germany 85100P 285300A 7X 20W 130+C
1944 Battle of Port Cros. France USA, Canada 1.5 1D 9X VS Germany 5F 5 1A 1C 2
1944 Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine. France, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany USA 240 50.4X 172.5W 24.4CM, UK, Poland, Canada, France, + 5.4M VS Germany 1.5M
1944 Clearing the Channel Coast. France, Belgium Canada, UK, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Netherlands Vs Germany
1944 Operation Astonia. France Canada, UK 45 >#500 AFV 35 VS Germany 12 #600X 1.3C
1944 Siege of Dunkirk. France Canada, UK, Czechoslovakia, France, Belgian Resistance VS Germany
1944 Operation Wellhit. France Canada, UK 2Brig + Ar, A, 1 #600 VS Germany 10 <#500 9.5C
1944 Operation Undergo. France Canada, UK #260 VS Germany 7.5 (Calais) 9.1C
1944 Battle of Moerbrugge. Belgium Canada #5X #26W VS Germany #700X #150C
1944 Battle of the Scheldt. Belgium, Netherlands Canada 6.4, UK, Belgium, Netherlands, Norway, Poland 60 12.9 VS Germany 90 1012 41C
1944 5 Battle of the Bulge. Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany USA 89.5 19X 47.5W 23CM 800T, UK 1.4 #200X #969W #239M, Canada, Free Belgians, Free Luxembourg 83 4IDiv 1ADiv 394A#242T To 610 20IDiv 9ADiv 4.2A 1.6T 182AFV 6 VS Germany 200 8IDiv 5ADiv 340+T 280+AFV 1.6A 955RL Rien 100 12IDiv 3⅔ADiv 440+T 440+AFV 600T&AG 2.4 500T 67.2100XMC 100s 3CiX
1944 Battle of Foy. Belgium USA, Canada VS Germany Town taken
1945 Operation Bodenplatte. Belgium, Netherlands, France Canada, New Zealand, Poland, UK 2nd AF, USA 8th&9thAF VS Germany Cor 2Div
1945 Operation Blackcock. Netherlands, Germany UK, Canada 2Div ComBri ArDiv 1.2 VS Germany 2Div 2PTReg HPTBat 2
1945 Western Allied invasion of Germany. Germany USA 6th,12thArmG 3M, UK 21stArmG, France 1stArm, Canada, Poland VS Germany ArmG:B,G,H 1M
1945 Operation Veritable. Germany UK, Canada 200 15.6 VS Germany 90 44.2
1945 Operation Plunder. Germany UK, Canada, USA VS Germany
1945 Operation Varsity. Germany UK, USA, Canada 16.9 2.42.7 72 VS Germany 8 ? 3.5C
1945 Battle of Groningen. Netherlands Canada 1214 #43X #166W VS Germany 77.5 #300X 5.2C
1939 45 6 Battle of the Atlantic. Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Outer Banks, Arctic Ocean UK, Canada, USA (415 4), Newfoundland, Norway, Poland, Free French (405 5), Belgium, Brazil (425 3), Netherlands, France (3940) 36.2SaX 32MSX 3.5M 175W 3.7 VS Germany, Italy (403 3) 30SaX 783Sub
1939 Battle of the River Plate. Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Outer Banks, Arctic Ocean UK, Canada, USA (415 4), Newfoundland, Norway, Poland, Free French (405 5), Belgium, Brazil (425 3), Netherlands, France (3940) HC BD 2LC 2D 3D 72X 28WVS Germany, Italy (403 3)1PB Sc 30X 60W
1941 Operation Stonewall. Off West France UK 2LC 2W, USA 1EC, Free France 4D, Canada 4Co, New Zealand 1C, Czechoslovakia 1B, Ireland 1St, Spain 2D VS Germany 2To 1D 1DD 4BR #154C Last of German control of French ports.
1942 4 2 Battle of the St. Lawrence. Gulf in Canada Canada 23 3D #340VS Germany
1943 Battle of the North Cape. Norway UK, Canada, Norway 1B LD 1HC 1D 3LC 9D 1D #11X #11W VS Germany 1B 1 1.9X #36C
1944 Battle of Ushant. English Channel UK, Canada, Poland 8D 1D VS Germany 4D 1 1Sc #140C #39X
1944 Battle of Pierres Noires. Off France Canada 4D VS Germany 4P 1 1D 1U
1945 Operation Teardrop. North Atlantic USA, Canada 4AC 42D 1 #126X ?WVS Germany 7Su 5 #218X ?W #00F
1944 Action of 13 May. Cape Verde Islands, Atlantic USA 1DE 0 VS Japan 1Sub 1 #52X
1900 Holy Rosary Cathedral Vancouver
1900 St. Georges Cathedral Kingston, Ontario
1905 Cathedral of St. John the Baptist St. Johns
1912 3 Holy Rosary Cathedral Regina
1912 17 Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist Saskatoon
1913 St. Matthews Anglican Cathedral Brandon
1916 St. Dunstans Basilica
1922 SaintFrançoisXavier Cathedral
1925 Sacred Heart Cathedral Kamloops
1926 St. John Cathedral Winnipeg
1932 Christ Church Cathedral Ottawa
1933 Christ the King Cathedral Hamilton
1934 St. Pauls Cathedral Saskatoon
1938 Sacred Heart Cathedral of New Brunswick
1943 St. George Cathedral Saskatoon
1947 St. Josaphat Cathedral
1951 Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral
1957 St. Marys Cathedral Calgary
1963 St. Josephs Basilica, Edmonton
1965 St. John Cathedral Edmonton
1972 St. Judes Cathedral
1973 Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral Vancouver
2005 8 Baitun Nur Mosque Canada
Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763
229
@ Canada
Roanoke Colony
1586 - 7
1
@ Roanoke, Virginia
Province of New Mexico
1598 - 1821
223
@ Santa Fe
Part of Nueva Spain
New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma
1598 Don Juan Oñate establishes the colony of New Mexico by taking over a pueblo, which he renames San Juan, near modernday Santa Fe. In retaliation for an attack on the settlement, he destroys the Acoma pueblo, killing 800 and capturing 500. 
1512 Spanish Laws of Burgos forbid enslavement of Indians and advocate Christian conversion. 
1514 Bartolome de las Casas petitions Spanish crown on behalf of Native Americans 
1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano is the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland.
1525 - 32 8 Civil war wages between Atahuallpa and Huascar
1528 - 36 8 A member of the Narvaez expedition, Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked first near Tampa Bay and later on Galveston Island off the coast of what is now Texas. After six years spent among the Indians of the region, he and his companions travel westward across Texas and Mexico. 
1540 - 2 2 Seeking gold first in the city of Cibola, reportedly larger and richer than Mexico City, and then in Quivera, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado leads an expeditionary force through the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles, with much loss of life among the areas native peoples. He returns to Mexico City in 1542 and dies in 1544. 
1584 Sir Walter Ralegh sends a reconnaissance fleet under Captains Amadas and Barlow to the future Croatoan Sound, North Carolina.  Based on their glowing account, he sends out a colonizing expedition the next year of 100 men who settle on Roanoke Island. Sir Francis Drake later takes the colonists back to England at their request.
1587 Raliegh sends out a fresh colony of 117 men, women, and children in three ships, with John White as governor. 
1595 - 1617 22 Pocahontas
The New World 2005
Pocahontas: The Legend 1955
Captain John Smith and Pocahontas 1953
1540 Francisco Vásquez de Coronado sights the Grand Canyon.
Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763 229
@ Canada
Province of New Mexico
1598 - 1821
223
@ Santa Fe
Part of Nueva Spain
New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma
1609 Pedro de Peralta, a later governor of New Mexico, establishes the settlement of Santa Fe.
1680 Pueblo Revolt Popé (1630 88 58) drives the Spanish out of New Mexico until 1692.
1672 95 San Marcos Castle
Colony of Virginia
1607 - 1776
169
@ Jamestown, Williamsburg (from 1699)
English
Anglicanism
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
1607 Jamestown, is settled as what would become the first permanent English colony in North America.

1610 - 14 4 1st Anglo Powhatan War Virginia Colony VS Powhatan Confederacy

1622 Jamestown massacre: Algonquian natives kill 347 English settlers outside Jamestown, Virginia (1/3 of the colonys population) and burn the Henricus settlement.
1630 Population: 3,000 colonists in Virginia; 300 at Plymouth.  During 16301640, another 16,000 colonists will arrive.
New Netherland
1614 - 67 53
@ New Amsterdam (New York)
Dutch, English, French & others
Colony
1625 New Amsterdam (New York) founded by the Dutch West India Company in North America.
1640 - 1701 61 Beaver Wars Iroquois, English, Dutch vs Algonquian France
1643 - 5 2 Kiefts War. USA. New Netherlands vs Lenape.
1655 Peach Tree War. Susquehannock and allied tribes vs New Netherland
1664 New Amsterdam becomes New York after Governor Peter Stuyvesants surrender to English forces.
Plymouth Colony
1620 - 91
71
@ Plymouth
English
Puritan, Separatist
Monarchy
Province of North Carolina
1629 - 1776
147
@ New Bern
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
Province of South Carolina
1629 - 1776
147
@ Charles Town (Charleston)
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
Colony of Connecticut
1636 - 1776 140
@ Before 1701: Hartford, 1701 - 1776: Joint Capitals: Hartford (May Legislative session) and New Haven (October Legislative session)
English
Constitutional Monarchy
New Sweden
1638 - 55
17
@ Fort Christina
Swedish, Finnish
Colony
1637 Swedish colonists establishes a settlement called  New Sweden on the Delaware River. 
Province of New Jersey
1664 - 1776 112
@ Elizabethtown (to 1673)
Perth Amboy (East), Burlington (West)
English, Dutch
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
1st Province of New Hampshire
1680 - 6
6
@ Portsmouth
England
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
Massachusetts Bay Colony 1628 - 84 56
@ Salem, Charlestown, Boston
1620 Pilgrims arrive in Massachussets
1621 First Thanksgiving, at Plymouth 
1628 Thomas Morton and colonists at Merrymount dance around a maypole and celebrate May Day, upsetting the Plymouth Pilgrims. In June, Capt. Miles Standish is sent to eradicate the settlement and Morton is sent back to England. 
1636 Harvard University founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1630 - 43 13 English Puritans immigrate to Massachusetts Bay Colony 
1634 - 8 4 Pequot War. Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Saybrook Colony, Narragansett people, Mohegan people vs Pequot. Roger Williams helps to convince the Narragansetts, traditional enemies of the Pequots, to join the New Englanders side of the conflict. 
1638 Signing of the Treaty of Hartford formally ends the Pequot War. Remaining members of the Pequot tribe are divided up among the Puritans’ Indian allies. end of the Pequots as a distinct people. 
1646 Robert Child and others protest the intolerance of Massachusetts Puritans toward those of other faiths; in response, Governor John Winthrop and others justify their policies and banish Child. 
1648 as the Cambridge Platform, which codifies and defines New England Congregationalism.
1652 Massachusetts general court rules that the territory of Maine lies within the boundaries of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, thus ending Maines immediate hopes of independence. 
1656 (Summer) Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans whip, imprison, and banish the first Quakers to arrive in the colony.
1659 Quakers William Robinson and Marmaduke Stephenson are hanged for refusing to leave Massachusetts. 
1660 Mary Dyer is hanged after defying an expulsion order by returning to Boston
1661 Hanging of Massachusetts Quakers who refuse to leave the colony is outlawed by Parlaiment
1675 Massachusetts settlements of Deerfield and Hadley experience the first of three raids from the Wampanoag and Nipmuck peoples.
1675 - 6 1 King Philips War. New England Confederation, Mohegan Pequot vs Wampanoag, Nipmuck, Podunk, Narragansett, Nashaway
1682 Captivity and Restoration by Mary Rowlandson 16371711 51.3M 1;52;12
1684 Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked after critical reports reach England.  This ends the requirement of church membership for voting.
1689 - 1763 74 French & Indian War begins with King Williams War.  Schenectady, N. Y. and other areas are burned by French and Native Americans; Massachusetts colonists capture Port Royal, Nova Scotia; and Canadian forces destroy Casco, Maine.
Province of Maryland
1632 - 1776
144
@ Annapolis
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
1647 First woman barrister in the colonies, Margaret Brent of Maryland, seeks and is denied the right to vote in the assembly.
1665 Legislation in several states tightens the bonds of slavery. English law provides that slaves may be freed if they convert to Christianity and establish legal residence, but Maryland, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia pass laws allowing conversion and residence without freeing the slaves.
1664 Maryland Colony passes a law mandating lifetime servitude for black slaves; previous precedent had allowed freedom for those who converted to Christianity and established legal residences there. 
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
1636 - 1776 140
@ Providence
English
Constitutional Monarchy
@ England
1636 Founding of Providence, R. I. by Roger Williams, who establishes Rhode Island as a place of religious toleration.
1638 Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for her religious beliefs, Anne Hutchinson leaves Boston and helps to establish Pocasset, or Portsmouth, Rhode Island. 
Province of New York
1664 - 1775
111
@ New York City English, Dutch
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
1664 British troops capture New Amsterdam and rename it New York.
1686 Governor Edmund Andros  begins issuing a series of unpopular orders aimed at the consolidation of colonies into one large settlement.  He dissolves the assemblies of New York and Connecticut, limits the number of town meetings in New England to one per year, places the militia under his direct control, and forces Puritans and Anglicans to worship together in the Old South Church.
1689 Rebellious colonists force Andros to take shelter in a fort   for his own protection. Cotton Mather supports the rebellion. 
1689 Edmund Andros is ordered back to England to stand trial. The colonies reestablish their previous systems of government. 
Province of Pennsylvania
1681 - 1776
95
@ Philidelphia
English, Pennsylvania German
Proprietary colony, Semiautonomous Constitutional monarchy
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
1681 William Penn receives a charter for land on which he will found Pennsylvania 
1683 Penn and Native Americans negotiate a peace treaty at Shackamaxon under the Treaty Elm 
Territory of Louisiana
1682 - 1764
82
@ Mobile (1702 - 20 18)
New Orleans (after 1723)
1763 Split east to Great Britain
1764 Split west to Spain
Delaware Colony
1684 - 1783 99
@ New Castle
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
Dominion of
New England in America

1686 - 9 3
@ Boston
Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692 - 1774 82
@ Boston
Pounds Sterling
1692 Salem witchcraft trials begin. 20 people executed.
The Crucible 1996
1697 Massachusetts general court expresses official repentance for the witchcraft trials; Samuel Sewall confesses guilt from his Boston church pew. 
1699 Peace treaty at Casco Bay, Maine, brings hostilities between the Abenaki Indians and the Massachusetts colony to an end.
2nd Province of
New Hampshire

1692 - 1783
91
@ Portsmouth
England
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
1644 - 6 2 2nd Anglo / Powhatan War. England vs Powhatan.
1673 Marquette and Joliet travel from Lake Michigan down the Mississippi as far as the Arkansas River, completing a 2500mile journey of exploration.
1675 - 8 3 King Philips War in Maine
1676 Bacons Rebellion.
1693 The College of William and Mary is founded.
Mississippian culture disappears.
1620 The Puritan Pilgrims arrive in the Mayflower at Cape Cod
Tessouat (? 1654), Chief of the Algonquin
1507 The first recorded epidemic of smallpox in the New World occurs on the island of Hispaniola and decimates the native Taíno population.
1539 Hernando de Soto explores inland North America.
1767 Father Junipero Serra founds first California missions
Seven Cities of Gold 1955
1675 - 1720 St Pauls Cathedral
1607 Recreated Powhatan village at Jamestown Settlement
1607 - 15 Susan Constant Stern Reconstruction
1634 St. Marys City, Maryland Reconstruction
1699 - 1780 81 Colonial Williamsburg VA



Viceroyalty of New France
1534 - 1763
229
@ Canada
Province of New Mexico
1598 - 1821
223
@ Santa Fe
Part of Nueva Spain
New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma
Colony of Virginia
1607 - 1776
169
@ Jamestown, Williamsburg (from 1699)
English
Anglicanism
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
1756 - 63 7 Seven Years War. @ Europe, Africa, India, North America, South America, the Philippine Islands. Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover, Iroquois Confederacy, BrunswickWolfenbüttel, Portugal HesseKassel, SchaumburgLippe vs France, Habsburg Monarchy, Russian Empire, Spain, Sweden, Saxony, Sardinia
Province of North Carolina
1629 - 1776
147
@ New Bern
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
1711 - 54 Tuscarora War Colonial militia of North Carolina Colonial militia of South Carolina Yamasee Northern Tuscarora Apalachee Catawba Cherokee Southern Tuscarora Pamplico Cothechney Coree Mattamuskeet Matchepungo
1715 - 72 Yamasee War Colonial militia of South Carolina Colonial militia of North Carolina Colonial militia of Virginia Catawba (from 1715) Cherokee (from 1716) Yamasee Ochese Creeks Catawba (until 1715) Cherokee (until 1716) Waxhaw Santee
1729 North and South Carolina become Crown Colonies
Province of South Carolina
1629 - 1776
147
@ Charles Town (Charleston)
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
1715 Yamasee nation attacks South Carolina colony, killing hundreds of colonists
1729 North and South Carolina become Crown Colonies
1739 Slave revolts in South Carolina
Province of Maryland
1632 - 1776
144
@ Annapolis
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
1708 Sotweed Factor: or, A Voyage to Maryland. A Satyr. In which is Describd The Laws, Government, Courts and Constitutions of the Country, and also the ... of that Part of America. In Burlesque Verse by Ebenezer Cooke 6,348 K
Province of Georgia
1732 1777 45
@ Savannah
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pound Sterling
1732 James Oglethorpe founds Georgia for poor debtors
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
1636 - 1776 140
@ Providence
English
Constitutional Monarchy
@ England
Province of New York
1664 - 1775
111
@ New York City
English, Dutch
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
Province of New Jersey
1664 - 1776 112
@ Elizabethtown (to 1673)
Perth Amboy (East), Burlington (West)
English, Dutch
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
Province of Pennsylvania
1681 - 1776
95
@ Philidelphia
English, Pennsylvania German
Proprietary colony, Semiautonomous Constitutional monarchy
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
Territory of Louisiana
1682 - 1764
82
@ Mobile (1702 - 20 18)
New Orleans (after 1723)
1718 New Orleans founded by Mississippi company
1718 Franco Spanish dispute results in Texas going to Spain
1723 New Orleans made capital
1758 - 61 3 AngloCherokee War Part of the French and Indian War
1763 Split east to Great Britain
1764 Split west to Spain
Delaware Colony
1684 - 1783 99
@ New Castle
English
Constitutional Monarchy
Pounds Sterling
Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692 - 1774 82
@ Boston
1773 Boston Tea Party
2nd Province of
New Hampshire

1692 - 1783
91
@ Portsmouth
England
Pounds Sterling, Spanish Dollar
1712 - 6 4 1st Fox War Fox Indians vs French. Michigan and Wisconsin.
1712 Last execution for witchcraft
1717 Shenandoah valley forcibly settled, Indians evicted
1728 - 33 5 2nd Fox War Fox Indians vs French
1734 - 1820 86 Daniel Boone
Young Daniel Boone 1950
Daniel Boone 1936
Daniel Boone, Trail Blazer 1956
1735 Libel trial in New York establishes freedom of press in North America
1744 - 8 4 King Georges War Part of the War of the Austrian Succession Great Britain British America Iroquois Confederacy France New France First Nations allies along St. Lawrence
1763 - 6 3 Pontiacs War Great Britain Pontiacs confederacy Seneca
1768 Louisiana Rebellion
1758 - 61 3 AngloCherokee War Part of the French and Indian War
1762 1st serious criticism of Slave Trade
1763 Colonists move into Ohio basin
1763 Pontiac concpiracy of Indians rising against colonists
1763 Treaty of Paris cedes Canada, Mississippi and India to Britain
1765 Stamp Act introduced into the American colonies by the UK Parliament. Provokes outcry.
1776 - 94 18 Chickamauga Wars
1775 - 83 8 American war of Independence
The Howards of Virginia 1940
April Morning 1988
John Paul Jones 1959
The Crossing 2003
Lafayette 1962
The Buccaneer 1938
Drums Along the Mohawk 1939
Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor 2003
The Patriot 2000
Revolution 1984
Sade 2000)  1794, Marquis de Sade faces execution by Robespierres regime
Quills 2000
1774 2nd Continental congress at Philadelphia
1775 History of the United States from 1492 to 1910, Volume 1 From Discovery of America October 12, 1492 to Battle of Lexington April 19, 1775 by Hawthorne, Julian 144,306 K
United States of America
1776 - Present
235
@ Washington D.C.
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
U.S. Dollar
1775 The Constitutional Congress in America, led by Thomas Jefferson, restated a "Rule of Democracy."
1775 - 83 8 American Revolutionary War United States Kingdom of France Spain Dutch Republic Oneida (tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy) Tuscarora (tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy) Watauga Association Catawba LenapeGreat Britain Loyalists AnhaltZerbst AnsbachBayreuth Hanover HesseHanau
HesseKassel BrunswickWolfenbüttel WaldeckPyrmont Iroquois Confederacy Cherokee
1776 United States Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
1777 British take New York and Philadelphia but defeated at Saratoga
1778 France joins America in war
1779 Spain joins American war
1780s 90s Bowmans Castle
1781 Britain takes Charleston but surrenders at Yorktown; French gain supremacy of sealanes around colonies
1786 Assault on slavery starts in earnest
1787Antifederalist Papers by Patrick Henry 173699 545M 19;52;01
1786 - 7 1 Shays Rebellion. Massechusetts, US.
1787 Federalist Papers by Alexander Hamilton 178995 582M 21;12;34
1787 - 8 1 Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton (1755 1804 49)
Alexander Hamilton 1931
1779 - 83 4 AngloSpanish War. US. Part of the American Revolutionary War. Spain vs Great Britain
1780 - 4 4 4th AngloDutch War. US. Part of the American Revolutionary War. Great Britain vs Dutch Republic & France
1787 - 8 1 Federalist Papers by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
1788 Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin 69,473 K
No Party 1789 - 97 8
1789 - 97 8 George Washington
1785 - 95 10 Northwest Indian War. US. United States Vs Western Confederacy.
1791 Rights of Man by Thomas Paine
1792 New York Stock & Exchange Board founded.
Federalist 1797 - 1801 4
1797 - 1801 4 John Adams
1791 - 4 3 Whiskey Rebellion. US.
1794 Nickajack Expedition. USA. Cherokee, Shawnee, Creek vs USA.
1787 American constitution signed
1783 Treaty of Versaille Britain accepts independence of 13 colonies but retains West Indies and Canadian colonies; Mass migration of Loyalists to Canada
1798 - 1800 2 QuasiWar United States France
1718 City of New Orleans founded by the French in North America
1718 Blackbeard (Edward Teach) is killed by Robert Maynard in a North Carolina inlet on the inner side of Ocracoke Island
1769 Spanish missionaries established the first of 21 missions in California.
1781 Spanish settlers founded Los Angeles.
1785 - 95 10 Northwest Indian War between the United States and Native Americans
1787 United States Constitution was written in Philadelphia and submitted to the states for ratification.
1722 - 1803 81 Samuel Adams, American statesman
1755 - 1806 51 Robert Gray, American revolutionary, merchant, and explorer
1755 - 76 21 Nathan Hale, American patriot, executed for espionage by the British
1757 - 1804 47 Alexander Hamilton, American statesman
1776 - 9 3 Patrick Henry, American statesman
1745 - 1829 84 John Jay, American statesman
1747 - 92 45 John Paul Jones, American naval commander
1741 Vitus Bering discovered Alaska
1752 The Lightning rod invented by Benjamin Franklin
Toussaint LOuverture (1743 - 1803 60), Haitian revolutionary leader
Paul Revere (1735 - 1818 83), American revolutionary leader and silversmith
Betsy Ross (1752 - 1836 84), American flag maker
George Mason (1725 - 92 67), American statesman
Michikinikwa (1747 - 1812 65), Miami chief and warrior
Benjamin Franklin (1706 - 90 84), American leader, scientist and statesman
Aaron Burr (1756 - 1836 80), American statesman
John Singleton Copley (1738 - 1815 77), American painter
1755 - 63 8 The Great Upheaval, forced population transfer of the French Acadian population from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
1791 - 1804 13 The Haitian Revolution
1793 The largest yellow fever epidemic in American history killed as many as 5,000 people in Philadelphia—roughly 10% of the population.
1785 Automatic flour mill invented by American Oliver Evans
1784 The Bifocals invented by Benjamin Franklin
1755 - 1828 73 Gilbert Stuart, American painter
1764 - 1806 42 Elihu Palmer, American deist
1738 - 89 51 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary Army
1720 - 69 49 Pontiac, Ottawa chief and warrior
1786 Critical Period of American History by Fiske, John 107786 K
1788 New Hampshire ratifies the United States Constitution as the 9th state, and by the terms of Article VII it is in effect.
1795 Pinckneys Treaty between the United States and Spain granted the Mississippi Territory to the US.
1784 Shakers Mother Ann Lee. USA
1709 A New Voyage to Carolina, containing the exact description and natural history of that country; together with the present state thereof; and a journal ... account of their customs, manners, etc. by Lawson, John 107,108 K
1738 50 San Fernando Cathedral
1789 1850 St. Louis Cathedral, New Orleans
1793 7 St. Augustine Cathedral Basilica
1794 San Carlos Cathedral Borromeo



Province of New Mexico
1598 1821
223
@ Santa Fe
Part of Nueva Spain
New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma
United States of America
1776 Present
235
@ Washington D.C.
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
U.S. Dollar

1800s Olana Castle
Federalist
1797 1801 4
1797 1801 4 John Adams
1800 The inception of 2nd Great Awakening for the United States.
Democratic Republican
1801 29
28
1801 9 8 Thomas Jefferson
Sally Hemings: An American Scandal 2000
1802 1805 Second War of Haitian Independence Empire of Haiti French First Republic
1801 Thomas Jefferson elected President of the United States by the United States House of Representatives, following a tie in the Electoral College (United States)
1803 The United States buys out Frances territorial claims in North America via the Louisiana Purchase. This begins the U.S.s westward expansion to the Pacific referred to as its Manifest Destiny which involves annexing and conquering land from Mexico, Britain, and Native Americans.
1804 Battle of Sitka Part of the Russian colonization of the Americas Russian Empire Tlingit Kiks.ádi Clan
1804 6 2 The Lewis & Clark expedition, exploration
1809 17 8 James Madison
1809 Knickerbockers History of New York, Complete by Irving, Washington 124,027 K
1810 US Occupation of West Florida United States Spain
1810 1 1 Tecumsehs War part of the War of 1812 United States Chief Black Hoof Tecumsehs Confederacy
1811 Tonquin incident United States Tlaoquiaht
1812 5 3 War of 1812 British Empire British North America United States
1812 6 4 Second Barbary War United States United Kingdom of the Netherlands United Kingdom from 1815 Barbary States Ottoman Empire
1813 Peoria War United States Kickapoo Nation Potawatomi Nation
1813 4 1 Creek War United States Lower Creeks Cherokees Choctaws "Red Sticks" (Creek Indians)
1814 History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark, Vol. I. To the Sources of the Missouri, Thence Across the Rocky Mountains and ... Ocean. Performed During the Years 180456 by Clark, William, Lewis, Meriwether 181720 K
1814 US National Anthem Star Spangled Banner 60.4M 12;12;00
1816 Give me Liberty or Death by Patrick Henry 173699 4.4M 9;31
1817 8 1 1st Seminole War part of the Seminole Wars United States Seminole Tribes
1817 25 8 James Monroe
1817 History of the Mackenzies, with genealogies of the principal families of the name by Mackenzie, Alexander 162,260 K
1819 US purchases Florida
1820 Missouri Compromise
1820 Liberia founded by the American Colonization Society for freed American slaves.
1824 Life of Mary Jemison by Seaver 17431833 89.7M 5;02;04
1825 9 4 John Quincy Adams
1825 Erie Canal opened connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean.
1827 Winnebago War United States Local Militia Winnebago
Democrat
1829 41
12
1829 37 8 Andew Jackson
The Presidents Lady 1953
1830 Joseph Smith founded The Mormon Church in Fayette, N.Y.
1830 CambellitesAlexander & Thomas Cambell, Barton Stone
1830 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints is established on April 6, 1830.
1831 History of Mary Prince A West Indian Slave by Prince, Mary 30687 K
1832 Fruits of Philosophy A Treatise on the Population Question by Knowlton, Charles 24,288 K
1832 Opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States, at January Term, 1832, Delivered by Mr. Chief Justice Marshall in the Case of Samuel A. Worcester, Plaintiff ... of the Supreme Court of the United States by John Marshall 16,459 K
1832 Black Hawk War United States HoChunk Menominee Potawatomi Black Hawks British Band: Sauk Fox Kickapoo
1832 Reform act American Indians forcibly resettled
1834 Benjamin Franklins The Way to Wealth (Other Brilliant Books) by Steve Shipside K
1835 Indian Nullification of the Unconstitutional Laws of Massachusetts Relative to the Marshpee Tribe Or, the Pretended Riot Explained by William Apess 55,929 K
1835 42 7 2nd Seminole War part of the Seminole Wars Seminole Tribes United States
Distant Drums 1951
Seminole 1953
1835 6 1 Toledo War Ohio Michigan Territory
1836 Trial of Reuben Crandall, M.D. Charged with Publishing and Circulating Seditious and Incendiary Papers, &c. in the District of Columbia, with the Intent ... Statements of the Court and the Counsel by Unknown 30,705 K
1837 41 4 Martin Van Buren
1838 Missouri Mormon War NonMormon Missourians Latter Day Saint movement
1838 9 1 Aroostook War
1838 9 1 The Cherokee War Republic of Texas Cherokee Lenape (Delaware) Shawnee
1839 Honey War Iowa Territory Missouri
1839 Indian Frontier Policy by Sir John Ayde 44.5M 1;37;14
Whig 1841
1841 William Henry Harrison
1838 9 1 Aroostook War
1839 Honey War Iowa Territory Missouri
Whig 1841
1841 William Henry Harrison
No Party 1841 5 4
1841 5 4 John Tyler
1844 First publicly funded telegraph line in the world—between Baltimore and Washington—sends demonstration message on May 24, ushering in the age of the telegraph. This message read "What hath God wrought?" (Bible, Numbers 23:23)
1844 Millerite movement in America awaits the Second Advent of Jesus Christ on October 22. Christs nonappearance becomes known as the Great Disappointment.
1844 Protestants of various fellowships experienced the "Great Disappointment." They expected the Second Coming of Christ to occur.
1844 Christadelphians
Democrat
1845
9 4
1845 9 4 James K. Polk
1845 Frederick Douglass Narrative 181895 111M 4;03;22
1845 75 30 TexasIndian Wars United States Texas Rangers Comanche Kiowa
1846 7 1 Mormon migration to Utah.
1847 Poems Prose Departed Summary by Various by Ruth Golding 15.7M
1848 Spiritualism Kate and Margaret Fox John Thomas
1848 Gold discovered in California
Roughing It 2002
1849 Civil Disobedience by Thoreou 181762 37.2M 2Pts
1850 Religious Duty of Obedience to Law A Sermon by Ichabod S. Spencer Preached In The Second Presbyterian Church In Brooklyn, Nov. 24, 1850 by Ichabod S. Spencer 11,152 K
1850 Christmas Comes by John Leighton 86.8M 3;09;34
1850 Representative Men by Ralph Waldo Emerson 194M 7;05;14
1850 Fugitive Slave Law The Religious Duty of Obedience to Law : A Sermon by Ichabod S. Spencer Preached In The Second Presbyterian Church In Brooklyn, Nov. 24, 1850by Ichabod S. (Ichabod Smith) Spencer 11,009 K
1851 Wreaths of Friendship A Gift for the Young by F. C. Woodworth and T. S. (Timothy Shay) Arthur 37,394 K
1851 2 Shirley Letters from California Mines by Shirley 168M 6;08;08
1854 Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms Containing the True Law of Lunar Influenceby Thomas Bassnett 80,890 K
1855 Smithsonian Institution Castle
1855 History of Virginia, in Four Parts by Beverley, Robert 93,839 K
1856 Fugitive Slave Law and Its Victims AntiSlavery Tracts No. 18 by American AntiSlavery Society 26,090 K
1857 Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, and Natural Laws by James Buchanan 145,659 K
1860 History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia by Campbell, Charles Martyn 164,423 K
1860 Speech of John Hossack, Convicted of a Violation of the Fugitive Slave Law Before Judge Drummond, Of The United States District Court, Chicago, Ill by John Hossack 7,337 K
1863 Daring and Suffering: A History of the Great Railroad Adventure by Pittenger, William 62,943 K
1864 Act Of Incorporation And The ByLaws Of The Massachusetts Homeopathic Medical Society by Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical Society 5,899 K
Democrat
1865 9 4
1865 9 4 Andrew Johnson
1865 Powder River Expedition United States Arapaho Sioux Cheyenne
1865 70 5 Hualapai War United States Hualapai
1866 Ku Klux Klan started in US
1866 Successful transatlantic telegraph cable follows an earlier attempt in 1858.
1866 8 2 Red Clouds War Lakota Tribe United States
1867 US buys Alaska
1867 Behind Scenes by Elizabeth Keckley 18181907 168M 6;07;50
1868 History of the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, by the House of Representatives, and his trial by the Senate for high crimes and misdemeanors in office, 1868 by Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson) Ross 89516 K
1868 The Expatriation Act is approved by Congress, guaranteeing U.S. citizens the right to expatriate. Coupled with the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution approved only one day later, the Expatriation Act allows U.S. citizens to renounce federal citizenship in order to regain Constitutional rights ceded by U.S. citizens as defined by the 14th Amendment.
1868 The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was approved.
1869 Belvedere Castle
1871 Glen Eyrie Castle
1871 Strange Visitors A series of original papers, embracing philosophy, science, government, religion, poetry, art, fiction, satire, humor, narrative, and ... while in an abnormal or trance state by Horn, Henry J. 60,900 160P K
1873 - 6 3 William E. Ward House Castle
1867 - 75 8 Comanche Campaign United States Comanche Arapaho Kiowa Southern Cheyenne
1846 - 8 2 Mexican / American War United States Mexican Empire
1847 - 55 8 Cayuse War United States Cayuse
Whig 1849 - 53 4
1849 50 1 Zachary Taylor
1850 True Stories of History and Biography by Hawthorne, Nathaniel by Nicolay, John George, Hay, John Defoe, Daniel 76,242W K
1850 - 3 3 Millard Fillmore
1850 - 65 15 California Indian Wars United States Miwok Yokut Cahuilla Cupeno Quechan Yurok Karuk Tolowa Nomlaki Chimariko Wintun Hupa Tsnungwe Wiyot Whilkut Yurok Yuki
Democrat
1853 - 61
8
1853 - 7 4 Franklin Pierce
1855 Battle of Ash Hollow United States Brulé Sioux
1855 - 6 1 Rogue River Wars United States Rogue River
1855 - 6 1 Puget Sound War United States Nisqually Muckleshoot Puyallup Klickitat Haida Tlingit
1861 - 5 4 Soldiers Life in Virginia by Mccarthey 130M 4;45;49
1876 Reminiscences on Fort Sumpter 186061 by Moultrie 98.5M 3;35;16
1855 - 8 3 Yakima War United States Yakama
1855 - 8 3 3rd Seminole War part of the Seminole Wars United States Seminole Tribes
1856 Principles of Masonic Law A Treatise on the Constitutional Laws, Usages and Landmarks of Freemasonry by Albert G. Mackey 74,864 K
1856 - 7 1 Cheyenne Expedition United States Cheyenne
1857 61 4 James Buchanan
1857 - 8 1 Utah War United States State of Deseret Utah Territory Nauvoo Legion
1858 Fraser Canyon War United States United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British troops did not arrive until after the war Nlakapamux
1858 Spokane Coeur dAlene Paloos War United States Spokane Coeur dAlene Paloos Northern Paiute
1859 Narrative of Life of Reverend Davis 40.1M 1;27;43
1860 - 73 13 Paiute War United States Paiute tribes
1860 Ox Team to California by Porter 133M 4;52;02
1861 Lincoln Storybook by Henry Williams 92M 3;20;42
Republican 1861 - 5 4
1861 - 5 4 Abraham Lincoln
1861 5 4 American Civil War United States of America vs Confederate States of America
Uncle Toms Cabin 1987
Dark Command 1940
Ride with the Devil 1999
Santa Fe Trail 1940
Abe Lincoln in Illinois 1940
Gods and Generals 2003
The Horse Soldiers 1959
Gettysburg 1993
The Gangs of New York 2002
The Great Locomotive Chase 1956
Gone With The Wind 1939
Glory 1989
The Hunley 1999
Birth of a Nation 1915
1865 United States President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated while attending a performance at Fords Theater, Washington, D.C.. He dies approximately nine hours after being shot on April 15, 1865.
1865 Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War.
1862 Dakota War United States Dakota Sioux
1863 Emancipation of US slaves
1846 - 64 18 Navajo Wars United States Navajo
1848 Seneca Falls Convention is the first womens rights convention in the United States and leads to the battle for suffrage and womens legal rights.
1851 - 1900 49 Apache Wars United States Confederate States 1861 - 5 4 Apache tribes
1854 - 60 6 Bleeding Kansas Kansas Missouri
1859 History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indiansby Humphrey, Old 62,708 K
1863 - 5 2 Colorado War. United States Cheyenne Arapaho
1868 Holidays at Roselands 243M 8;52;34 26Pts
1864 8 4 Snake War Cheyenne and Arapaho War Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes United States
1867 - 9 2 My Life on the Plains by George Custer 183976 488M 17;47;02
1868 Spaniards in Florida Comprising the notable settlement of the Huguenots in 1564, and the History and Antiquities of St. Augustine, Founded A.D. 1565 by Fairbanks, George R. (George Rainsford) 47,942 K
1869 Frosts Laws and ByLaws of American Society A condensed but thorough treatise on etiquette and its usagesin America, containing plain and reliable directions fordeportment in every situation in life by Sarah Annie Frost 67,837 K
Republican
1869 - 85
16
1869 - 77 8 Ulysses S. Grant
1869 Philosophy of Teaching The Teacher, The Pupil, The School by Sands, Nathaniel 18,732 K
1869 Army Life in a Black Regiment by Thomas Wentworth Higginson 18231911 238M 8;40;01
1869 1st Transcontinental Railroad completed in United States on May 10.
1870 History of American Socialisms by Noyes, John Humphrey 188,042 K
1870 Jehovahs Witnesses Charles Taze Russell
1871 Army Letters From an Officers Wife 18711888 by Frances M. A. Roe 1920 318M 11;36;30
1871 Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry by Albert Pike (1809 91 82)
1871 Trade Unions become legal
1872 Account of the Proceedings on the Trial of Susan B. Anthony, on the Charge of Illegal Voting, at the Presidential Election in Nov., 1872, and on the ... of Election by Whom Her Vote was Received by Anonymous 72,770 K
1872 Yellowstone National Park is created.
1872 A Brief History of United States by Barnes & Co. 116877 K
1872 - 3 1 Modoc War Lava Beds War United States Modoc Tribes
1873 Wise & Otherwise 213M 7;47;03
1874 Brooks–Baxter War Little Rock, Arkansas
1874 - 5 1 Red River War United States Comanche Tribes Kiowa Tribes Souther Cheyenne Tribes Arapaho Tribes
1875 Theosophical Society H.P. Blavatsky, Henry Olcott
1875 Canyons of the Colorado Exploration of 1869 by Powell 18341902 223M
1876 Woman on the American Frontier A Valuable and Authentic History of the Heroism, Adventures, Privations, Captivities, Trials, and Noble Lives and Deaths of the "Pioneer Mothers of the Republic" by Fowler, William Worthington 151,482 K
1876 Faith of our Fathers by James Cardinal Gibbons 18341921 352M 12;48;58
1876 Religious Sentiment Its Source and Aim: A Contribution to the Science and Philosophy of Religion by Brinton, Daniel Garrison 70,044 K
1876 - 7 1 Great Sioux War Black Hills War United States Shoshone Tribes Crow Nation Pawnee Tribes Arapaho Tribes Cheyenne Tribes Lakota Tribes
1877 - 81 4 Rutherford B. Hayes
1877 Great Railroad Strike in the United States may have been the worlds first nationwide labor strike.
1877 Nez Perce War United States Nez Perce
1878 1st commercial telephone exchange in New Haven, Connecticut.
1878 Bannock War United States Bannock Northern Shoshone
1878 Lincoln County War Ranchers Regulators General Store Monopoly
1878 9 1 Cheyenne War United States Cheyenne
1879 Sheepeater Indian War United States Turakina
1879 Christian ScienceMary Baker Eddy
1879 History of the Donner Party, a Tragedy of the Sierra by McGlashan, C. F. (Charles Fayette) 80,005 K
1880 Curiosities of History Boston, September Seventeenth, 16301880 by Wheildon, William W. 38,011 K
1881 James A. Garfield
1881 Castle Rock Castle Garrison, New York
1881 Legends, Traditions, and Laws of the Iroquois, or Six Nations, and History of the Tuscarora Indiansby Johnson, Elias 78,348 K
1881 - 5 4 Chester A. Arthur
1882 Atlantis the Antediluvian World by Ignatius Loyola Donnelly 464M 16;54;28
1882 American HeroMyths A Study in the Native Religions of the Western Continent by Brinton, Daniel Garrison 69,884 K
1882 Jesus Fulfils the Law by One of the Society of Friends 18,602 K
1883 History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 1, 2 Negroes as Slaves, as Soldiers, and as Citizens by Williams, George Washington 9,190 K
Democrat
1885 - 9
4
1885 - 9 4 Grover Cleveland
1885 Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant Volume 1by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) 132,080 K
1885 Singer begins production of the Vibrating Shuttle which would become the Model T of sewing machines. America
1886 A Brief History of English and American Literature By Henry A. Beers 1847–1926 295M 14;24;59
1886 Apache conquered
Conquest of Cochise 1953
Taza, Son of Cochise 1954
Geronimo 1939
Valley of the Sun 1942
I Killed Geronimo 1950
Outpost 1951
Indian Uprising 1952
The Battle at Apache Pass 1952
Walk the Proud Land 1956
Geronimo 1962 1993
Geronimo: An American Legend 1993
Ulzanas Raid 1972
Apache 1954
Major Dundee 1965
Buffalo Soldiers 1997
1887 History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan A Grammar of Their Language, and Personal and Family History of the Author by Blackbird, Andrew J. 39,282W K
1887 Divers Women 156M 5;42;42
1887 History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan by Blackbird, Andrew J. 41,805 K
1888 BaseBall How to Become a Player, With the Origin, History and Explanation of the Game by Ward, John Montgomery 41,799 K
1889 - 95 6 Biltmore Estate Castle
Republican
1889 - 93 4
1889 - 93 4 Benjamin Harrison
1890s Squires Castle
1889 Hygienic Physiology : with Special Reference to the Use of Alcoholic Drinks & Narcotics by Steele, Joel Dorman 128,011 K
1889 Altruist in Politics by Benjamin N. (Benjamin Nathan) Cardozo 5,096 K
1890 Acres of Diamonds by Russell Conwell 18431925 123M 4;29;55
1890 Colorado becomes a state
Centennial (Vols. 112) 1978
1890 1 1 Pine Ridge Campaign United States Sioux tribes
1890 Goldsmiths Friend Abroad Again by Mark Twain 1835 - 1910 17M 37;29
1890 The Wounded Knee Massacre was the last battle in the American Indian Wars. This event represents the end of the American Old West.
1891 Basketball was invented.
1892 Southern Horrors Lynch Law in All Its Phases by Ida B. WellsBarnett 12,870 K
1892 Marble House Castle
1892 Ochre Court Castle

Democrat
1893 - 7 4
1893 - 7 4 Grover Cleveland
1893 Grey Towers Castle
1893 THE BEGINNERS AMERICAN HISTORY By DH Montgomery 70.4M 5;07;41
1893 The Worlds Columbian Exposition was held in Chicago celebrating the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbuss arrival in the New World.
1893 - 7 4 War of Canudos United States of Brazil Canudos inhabitants
1894 Comic History of the US by Nye 18501896 171M 6;14;08
1894 Nagualism A Study in Native American Folklore and History by Brinton, Daniel Garrison 31,050 K
1895 Hearthstone Castle Danbury, Connecticut
1895 Hero Tales from American History by Lodge, Henry Cabot, Roosevelt, Theodore 55583 K
1895 Hero Tales from American history by lodge 18501924 153M 5;34;10
1895 Chautauqua Girls at Home 240M 8;45;56
1895 Peoples Common Sense Medical Adviser by Ray Vaughn Pierce 151M 37;30;02
1896 Soul Food by George Douglas Watson 18451924 105M 3;51;02
1897 Castle Museum Saginaw, Michigan
1897 In His Steps by Charles Monroe Sheldon 18571946 196M 7;09;10
1897 Path of the Law by Oliver Wendell Holmes 13036 K
1897 Patent Laws of the Republic of Hawaii and Rules of Practice in the Patent Officeby Hawaii 11,585 K
Republican
1897 - 1913
16
1897 - 1901 4 William Mckinley
1897 A School History of the United Statesby McMaster, John Bach 146596 K
1897 History of American Christianity by Bacon, Leonard Woolsey 139,364 K
1898 Spanish American War United States Republic of Cuba First Philippine Republic Katipunan Kingdom of Spain
Citizen Kane 1941
Rough Riders 1997
The Real Glory 1939
1898 Creation Myths of Primitive America In relation to the Religious History and Mental Development of Mankind by Curtin, Jeremiah 140,193W K
1898 History of the War Between Mexico and the United States, with a Preliminary View of its Origin, Volume 1 by Mayer, Brantz 61,273W K
1898 Majesty of Calmness by William George Jordan 1864 1928 1;21;37
1898 Bradfords History of Plimoth Plantation From the Original Manuscript. With a Report of the Proceedings Incident to the Return of the Manuscript to Massachusetts by Bradford, William 173,287 K
1899 - 1901 12 Castle Gatehouse, Washington Aqueduct
1899 History of Negro Soldiers in the SpanishAmerican War, and Other Items of Interest by Johnson, Edward A.(Edward Austin) 45242 K
1899 Philosophy of Osteopathy by Still, A. T. (Andrew Taylor) 60,520 K
Territory of Louisiana
1682 - 1764
82
@ New Orleans
Republic of Texas
1836 - 46
10
1836 Washingtononthe Brazos (provisional)
1836 Harrisburg (provisional)
1836 Galveston (provisional)
1836 Velasco (provisional)
1836 - 7 1 Columbia
Houston 1837 - 9 2
Austin 1839 - 46
English (de facto)
Spanish, French, German and American Indian languages
Texas Dollar
1835 - 6 1 Texas Revolution Republic of Texas vs Mexico
1836 The Battle of the Alamo.
1836 Texas independent from Mexico
1836 8 2 Sam Houston
1837 The Battle of the Alamo
The Alamo 1960
The Last Command 1955
Alamo: 13 Days to Glory 1987
1838 - 41 3 Mirabeau B. Lamar
1840 TexasComanche War Republic of Texas Texas Rangers Comanche
1841 - 4 3 Sam Houston
1841 - 2 1 Dorr Rebellion Rhode Island
1842 US/Canada border agreed
1844 - 6 2 Anson Jones
1845 Texas Annexation
Texas 1994
One Mans Hero 1999
Confederate States of America 1861 - 5 4
@
Montgomery, Alabama
(until May 29, 1861)
Richmond, Virginia
(May 29, 1861 – April 3, 1865)
Danville, Virginia
(after April 3, 1865)
English
Confederal Republic
1861 5 4 Jefferson Davis
1848 - 58 10 California Gold Rush
1861 - 5 4 American Civil War between the Union and seceding Confederacy
1865 - 77 12 Reconstruction in the United States; Slavery is banned in the United States by the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1821 - 1905 84 Jay Cooke, American Finance
1849 - 1919 70 Henry Clay Frick Industrialist, Art Collector
1836 - 92 56 Jay Gould American Railroad developer
1848 - 1909 61 E. H. Harriman Railroads
1847 - 1907 60 Henry O. Havemeyer (sugar), American art collector
1820 - 91 71 George Hearst, American Gold
1838 - 1916 78 James J. Hill (railroads) CanadianAmerican The Empire Builder
1855 - 1937 92 Andrew W. Mellon, American Industrialist, philanthropist, art collector
J.P. Morgan (1837 - 1913 76), banker, art collector
1831 - 97 66 George Mortimer Pullman (railroads) American
1830 - 91 61 Charles Pratt Oil, American founder of the Pratt Institute
John D. Rockefeller (1839 - 1937 98), Oil, Business tycoon, philanthropist
Levi Strauss (1829 - 1902 73), clothing manufacturer
1794 1877 83 Cornelius Vanderbilt, American Shipping, Railroads
1826 75 49 William Chapman Ralston, American Businessman, Financier, founder of Bank of California.
1875 1953 78 James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer
1854 97 43 Old Hoss Radbourn, American baseball player
1873 1953 80 Tom Sharkey, IrishAmerican heavyweight boxer
1858 1918 60 John L. Sullivan, American heavyweight boxer
1860 1915 55 John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player
1822 90 68 John Jacob Astor 3, American Real Estate
Commodore Perry (1794 - 1858 64), U.S. Naval commander, opened the door to Japan
Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1919 84), Industrialist, philanthropist
Annie Oakley (1860 - 1926 66), Wild West, sharpshooter
1861 1922 61 Lillian Russell, American singer, actress
1852 1922 70 Cap Anson, American baseball player
1867 1903 36 Big Ed Delahanty, American baseball player
1856 1902 48 Pud Galvin, American baseball player
P. T. Barnum (1810 - 91 81), showman
1853 1931 88 David Belasco, American actor, playwright, theatrical producer
1833 93 60 Edwin Booth, American actor
Buffalo Bill Cody (1846 - 1917 71), Wild West legend, and showman
1835 6 1 The Texas Revolution in Mexico resulted in the shortlived Republic of Texas.
1838 40 2 Civil war in the Federal Republic of Central America led to the foundings of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.
Clara Barton (1821 - 1912 91), nurse, pioneer of the American Red Cross
Sitting Bull (1831 - 90 59), a leader of the Lakota
1837 1921 84 John Burroughs, American Naturalist, conservationist, writer
Davy Crockett (1786 - 1836 50), King of the wild frontier, folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician
Chief Joseph (1840 - 1904 64), a leader of the Nez Percé
1871 1914 33 2nd Industrial Revolution
1870s 90s 20s Long Depression in Western Europe and North America
1876 1914 38 The massive expansion in population, territory, industry and wealth in the United States is referred to as the Gilded Age.
1836 70 34 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American writer and explorer
John Muir (1838 - 1913 75), Naturalist, writer, preservationist
Sacagawea (1788 - 1812 24), Important aide to Lewis & Clark
1838 - 65 27 John Wilkes Booth, assassin
1859 - 81 21 William Bonney aka Henry McCarty aka Billy the Kid, Wild West, outlaw
1796 - 1836 40 James Bowie, Soldier, Texan who died at the Alamo, invented the Bowie knife
1804 - 81 77 Jim Bridger, Wild West, Mountain man
1800 - 59 59 John Brown, a fanatical abolitionist who led an armed insurrection at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859.
1809 - 68 59 Kit Carson, Wild West, frontiersman
1805 - 74 69 Cochise, Chiricahua Apache leader
1839 - 76 37 George Armstrong Custer, soldier, whose last stand was in the Wild West
1848 - 1929 81 Wyatt Earp, Wild West, lawman
1850 - 1908 58 Pat Garrett, Wild West, lawman
1841 - 82 41 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin
1829 - 1909 80 Geronimo, Chiricahua Apache leader
1837 - 76 39 Wild Bill Hickock, Legendary Wild West, lawman
1851 - 87 36 Doc Holliday, Legendary Wild West, gambler, gunfighter
1840 - 77 37 Crazy Horse, War leader of the Lakota
1843 - 1915 62 Frank James, Wild West, outlaw, older brother of Jesse
1847 - 82 35 Jesse James, Legendary Wild West, outlaw
1852 - 1903 51 Calamity Jane, Frontierswoman
1819 - 84 65 Allan Pinkerton, spy, founded the Pinkerton Agency, first detective agency in the United States
1853 - 1921 68 Bat Masterson, Wild West, lawman, gambler, newspaperman
1821 - 55 34 William Poole aka Bill the Butcher, member of the New York City gang, the Bowery Boys, a bareknuckle boxer, and a leader of the Know Nothing political movement.
1848 - 89 41 Belle Starr Legendary Wild West, female outlaw
1800 - 31 31 Nat Turner, led a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia during August 1831.
1840 - 1914 74 Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier, American Archaeology
1858 - 1942 84 Franz Boas, GermanAmerican Anthropology
1874 - 1927 53 Louis Agassiz Fuertes, American Ornithology
1849 - 1938 89 George Bird Grinnell, American Anthropology
1823 - 1901 78 Joseph LeConte, Scholar, American preservationist
1855 - 1942 87 Clinton Hart Merriam, American Zoology
1818 - 81 63 Lewis H. Morgan, American Anthropology
1850 - 1929 89 Robert Ridgway, American Ornithology
1804 - 81 77 Jim Bridger, American explorer
1821 - 90 69 Richard Francis Burton, American explorer
1853 - 1935 82 Frederick Samuel Dellenbaugh, American explorer
1853 - 1935 82 Percy Fawcett, American adventurer, explorer, protoIndiana Jones
1811 - 72 63 Horace Greeley, American journalist
1808 - 56 48 Peter Jones (missionary), Canadian Methodist minister, and gobetween between Christians and his fellow Mississaugas and other Indian tribes.
1788 - 1850 72 Adoniram Judson, American missionary
1774 - 1809 35 Meriwether Lewis, American explorer
1840 - 1902 62 Thomas Nast, GermanAmerican journalist, caricaturist and editorial cartoonist
1856 - 1920 64 Robert Peary, American explorer
1813 - 95 82 John L. OSullivan, American journalist who coined Manifest Destiny
1822 - 96 78 Mathew Brady, documented the American Civil War
1868 - 1952 84 Edward S. Curtis, documented the American West notably Native Americans
1844 - 1916 72 Thomas Eakins, American pioneer motion photographer
1854 - 1932 78 George Eastman, American inventor of the roll of film
1830 - 1902 72 Albert Bierstadt GermanAmerican
1844 - 1926 82 Mary Cassatt American
1826 - 1900 74 Frederic Edwin Church American
1801 - 48 47 Thomas Cole American
1844 - 1916 72 Thomas Eakins American
1836 - 1910 74 Winslow Homer American
1847 - 1915 68 Albert Pinkham Ryder American
1856 - 1925 69 John Singer Sargent American
1867 - 1917 50 Scott Joplin American
1851 - 1904 53 Kate Chopin American
1789 - 1851 62 James Fenimore Cooper American
1871 - 1900 29 Stephen Crane American
1830 - 86 56 Emily Dickinson American
1803 - 82 79 Ralph Waldo Emerson American
1810 - 50 40 Margaret Fuller American
1836 - 1902 66 Francis Bret Harte American
1804 - 64 60 Nathaniel Hawthorne American
1783 - 1859 76 Washington Irving American
1843 - 1916 73 Henry James AmericanEnglish
1801 - 64 63 Caroline Kirkland American
1811 - 96 85 Harriet Beecher Stowe American
1817 - 62 45 Henry David Thoreau American
1835 - 1910 75 Mark Twain American
1827 - 1905 78 Lew Wallace American
1819 - 92 73 Walt Whitman American
1847 - 1931 84 Thomas Edison, inventor American
1839 - 1903 64 Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physicist
1827 - 1915 88 Ellen White American religious author and cofounder of the Seventhday Adventist Church
1820 - 1906 86 Susan B. Anthony, U.S. womens rights advocate
1782 - 1850 78 John C. Calhoun, U.S. senator
1777 - 1852 75 Henry Clay, U.S. statesman, "The Great Compromiser"
1808 - 89 81 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America just before and during the American Civil War.
1819 - 91 72 Herman Melville America
1847 - 1922 75 Alexander Graham Bell, ScottishCanadian inventor
1856 - 1944 88 William Emerson Ritter, American biologist
1856 - 1943 87 Nikola Tesla, inventor
1821 - 1910 89 Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader, founder of Christian Science
1824 - 93 69 Leland Stanford, Governor of California, U.S. Senator, entrepreneur
1814 - 73 59 Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda Cuba
1853 - 95 42 José Martí Cuban
1762 - 1843 81 Samuel Morey, American inventor
1805 - 44 39 Joseph Smith, Jr. and 1801 - 77 76 Brigham Young, founders of Mormonism
1818 - 95 77 Frederick Douglass, U.S. abolitionist spokesman
1813 - 1890 77 John C. Frémont, Explorer, Governor of California
1805 - 79 74 William Lloyd Garrison, U.S. abolitionist leader
1820 - 91 71 George Hearst, U.S. Senator and father of William Randolph Hearst
1807 - 70 63 Robert E. Lee, Confederate general
1753 - 1811 58 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Mexico
1783 - 1824 41 Agustín de Iturbide Mexico
1765 - 1815 50 José María Morelos Mexican
1815 - 91 76 Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada, first Prime Minister of Canada
1820 - 91 71 William Tecumseh Sherman, Union general during the American Civil War
1765 - 1839 74 Fulwar Skipwith, the first and only president of the short lived Republic of West Florida
1822 - 1913 81 Harriet Tubman, AfricanAmerican abolitionist, humanitarian, played a part in the Underground Railroad
1823 - 78 55 William M. Tweed, aka Boss Tweed, influential New York City politician, head of Tammany Hall
1889 - 1924 35 Unity School of Christianity Myrtle Fillmore
1806 - 21 Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
1809 - 15 St. Patricks Old Cathedral, New York
1810 Trinity Cathedral Newark, New Jersey
1816 - 23 St. Joseph Cathedral
1819 St. Paul Cathedral Boston
1831 - 4 St. Louis, King of France Basilica
1835 - 50 15 Immaculate Conception Cathedral Mobile
1838 - 40 2 Christ Church Cathedral Mobile, Alabama
1840 - 3 3 Our Lady of Peace Cathedral
1841 - 5 4 Saint Peter in Chains Cathedral
1842 St. Augustine Cathedral New Orleans
1844 Saint Augustine Church New Diggings, Wisconsin
1846 - 64 18 Saints Peter & Paul Cathedral Philadelphia
1847 - 8 St. Augustine Church, Philadelphia
1847 St. John the Evangelist Cathedral Milwaukee, Wisconsin
1847 St. Mary Catholic Church Wilmington, North Carolina
1847 St. Marys Cathedral Basilica, Galveston
1848 Sacred Heart Cathedral Houston
1849 - 52 3 Assumption Cathedral Louisville
1850 - 4 4 Saint John & Saint Finbar Cathedral
1851 - 5 4 St. Joseph Cathedral in Buffalo
1851 St. Pauls Cathedral Buffalo, New York
1852 - 93 41 Saint Patrick Cathedral Charlotte
1852 St. Johns Cathedral, Cleveland
1852 St. Marys Cathedral and Rectory Fall River, Massachusetts
1854 - 5 1 Saint Raphaels Cathedral, Madison, Wisconsin
1854 Old Saint Marys Cathedral
1857 - 61 4 St. Raphaels Cathedral Dubuque, Iowa
1857 Christ Church Cathedral, Indianapolis
1858 - 78 20 St. Patricks Cathedral New York
1859 - 67 18 Christ Church Cathedral St. Louis, Missouri
1859 Immaculate Conception Cathedral Fort Wayne, Indiana
1862 - 9 7 Our Merciful Saviour Cathedral
1865 - 85 20 St. Joseph Basilica San Jose
1866 - 8 2 St. Augustine Cathedral Bridgeport, Connecticut
1866 - 72 6 San Agustin Cathedral
1866 - 75 9 Holy Cross Cathedral Boston, Massachusetts
1866 Saint Peter Cathedral Belleville
1867 Saint Andrew Cathedral Honolulu
1868 All Saints Cathedral Milwaukee
1868 St. George Cathedral
1869 - 86 17 St. Francis of Assisi Cathedral
1872 - 84 12 Saint Mary Cathedral Austin
1872 Trinity Cathedral Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1873 - 9 6 Saint Patrick Cathedral Norwich, Connecticut
1873 - 96 23 St. John the Baptist Cathedral Savannah, Georgia
1873 Trinity Episcopal Cathedral Davenport, Iowa
1874 - 1910 36 Immaculate Conception Cathedral Syracuse, New York
1874 Holy Name Cathedral, Chicago
1875 - 93 18 St. Peter Cathedral, Erie
1876 - 81 5 Saint Francis Xavier Cathedral Green Bay
1876 Saint Vibiana Cathedral
1878 Saints Peter & Paul Cathedral Providence
1880 - 3 3 Trinity Cathedral Omaha, Nebraska
1881 - 90 9 St. Peter Cathedral, Marquette
1884 St. Pauls Episcopal Cathedral, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin
1889 Blessed Sacrament Cathedral Sacramento
1889 Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral Peoria, Illinois
1890 - 1 1 Sacred Heart Cathedral Davenport, Iowa
1890 - 1 St. Ambrose Cathedral Des Moines
1891 - 1904 13 Epiphany Cathedral Sioux City, Iowa
1892 - 1909 17 Saint John the Divine Cathedral New York
1892 St. Johns Cathedral Knoxville, Tennessee
1893 - 1913 20 St. Matthew the Apostle Cathedral
1893 Saint Matthew Cathedral Dallas, Texas
1893 Saint Paul Cathedral Birmingham
1893 Christ Church Cathedral, Houston
1894 - 1915 21 Basilica of the Assumption Cathedral Covington
1894 - 1947 53 Christ Church Cathedral, Nashville
1896 All Souls Cathedral
1897 - 1900 13 St. Peter the Apostle Cathedral Jackson
1898 - 1926 28 St. Marys Episcopal Cathedral in Memphis
1899 - 1903 4 Holy Trinity Cathedral Chicago, Illinois
1899 - 1954 55 Sacred Heart Cathedral Newark, New Jersey
United States of America
1776 - Present
235
@ Washington D.C.
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
U.S. Dollar
Republican
1897 - 1913
16
1897 - 1901 4 William Mckinley
1900 History of Minnesota and Tales of the Frontier by Flandrau, Charles E. (Charles Eugene) 123,067 K
1900 After Music by Josephine Preston Peabody 1874 - 1922 7.8M 16;58
1900 Rosicrucian FellowshipMax Heindel
1900 Reign of Law; A Tale of the Kentucky Hemp Fields by James Lane Allen 68,081 K
1900 Craig Castle
1900 Bancroft Tower
1900 Boldt Castle
1901 Up From Slavery by Washington 18561915 219M 7;58;20
1901 - 9 8 Theodore Roosevelt
1901 King Philip Makers of History by Abbott, John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) 82,416 K
1901 American Leaders and Heroes A preliminary textbook in United States History by Gordy, Wilbur Fisk 70,473 K
1901 Way of Peace 2;05;38
1902 The Story of American History For Elementary Schools by Blaisdell, Albert F. 87,888W 465Pgs 10;22;00 K
1902 As a Man Thinketh 54;11
1902 As a Man Thinketh 54;11
1902 Varaities of Religious Experience by William James 18421910 614M 22;23;16
1902 Short Life of Lincoln by John Nickolay 507M 18;28;46 38Pts
1902 Philosophy 4 (Novel) by Wister, Owen 14,440 K
1902 Mississippi Bubble How the Star of Good Fortune Rose and Set and Rose Again, by a Womans Grace, for One John Law of Lauriston by Emerson Hough and Henry Hutt 97,509 K
1903 Early History of the Airplane by Orwell & Wilbur Wright 42.6M 1;33;13
1903 History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupationby Van Middeldyk, R. A. (Rudolph Adams) 79,856 K
1903 Souls of Black Folk by Du Bois 18681963 219M
1904 History of the Republican Party by Platt, George Washington 94,070 K
1904 Indians of the Yosemite Valley and Vicinity Their History, Customs and Traditions by Clark, Galen 17,961W K
1905 - 15 10 Searles Castle New Hampshire
1905 Arizona Sketches by Joseph Munk 18471927 114M 4;10;41
1905 Childs Book American Biography by Henry Stimson 18671950 129M 4;42;38
1905 Law of the Land by Emerson Hough 90,862 K
1905 Approach to Philosophy by Perry, Ralph Barton 102,223 K
1906 Old Westbury Gardens Castle
1906 Story of Abraham Lincoln by Mary Hamilton 71.6M 2;36;30
1906 Cuba occupied by US
1906 Story of the First TransContinental Railroad Its Projectors, Construction and History by Bailey, William Francis 39152 K
1906 LawBreakers & Other Storiesby Robert Grant 44024 125P K
1906 The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, Indiana.
1906 Bridge; its Principles and Rules of Play with Illustrative Hands and the Club Code of Bridge Laws by J.B. (Joseph Bowne) Elwel 28799 K
1906 Scrap Book Sampler by Various Edited by Charles Harvey 148M 5;23;35
1906 Moral Equivalent of War 20.1M 43;57
1907 Religion of the Indians of California by Kroeber, A. L. 17,281 K
1907 Bridge Axioms and Laws by J.B. (Joseph Bowne) Elwell 11690 K
1908 Joseph Smith as Scientist A Contribution to Mormon Philosophy by Widtsoe, John Andreas 47,486 K
1908 Reincarnation and the Law of Karma A Study of the OldNew WorldDoctrine of Rebirth, and Spiritual Cause and Effect by William Walker Atkinson 49,395 K
1908 Ancient Lawby Ellen Anderson Gholson Glasgow 122,826 K
1908 County Regiment by Dudley Vail 52.1M 1;53;55
1908 Short History of Pittsburgh 17581908 by Church, Samuel Harden 27451 K
1908 History of California by Bandini, Helen Elliott 73,593 K
1909 Fair Lane Castle
1909 Hempstead House Castle
1909 Thornewood Castle
1909 Last of the Chiefs A Story of the Great Sioux War by Joseph A. (Joseph Alexander) Altsheler 91,294 K
1909 Historic Papers of the Civil War by Eugenia Dunlap Potts 3.7M 1;26;50
1909 Story of a Common Soldier by Stillwell 18611865 303M 11;02;11
1909 Abraham Lincolns Religion by Peters, Madison Clinton 13588 K
1909 Physiology & Hygiene by Francis M. Walters 11;17;35
1909 Clergymans Handbook of Law by Charles M. Scanlan 63,339 K
1909 Pluralistic Universe Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy by James, William 78,699 K
1910 History of Mr. Polly by Wells, H. G. (Herbert George) 73498 K
1909 13 4 William Howard Taft
1910 Documentary History of the Rio Grande Pueblos of New Mexico 1Bibliographic Introduction Papers of the School of American Archaeology, No. 13 by Bandelier 18401914, Adolph Francis Alphonse 14308 K
1910 Great Apostasy by James E. Talmage 18621933 94M 3;25;22
1910 Notes of War Correspondent (Spanish American War) by Richard Harding Davis 157M 5;43;38
1911 Nichols Hall Castle
1911 Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens Castle
1911 INFLUENCES OF GEOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT by Ellen Churchill Semple 260M 20;28;40
1911 Popular Lawmakingby Frederic Jesup Stimson 141,902 K
1911 Common Law by Robert W. (Robert William) Chambers 125,090 K
1911 History of American Literature by Halleck, Reuben Post 112,861 K
1911 Boy with US Census by Francis RoltWheeler 1876 1960 89M 6;29;06
1911 Marriage and Divorce Laws of the World by Hyacinthe Ringrose 89516 K
1911 Old Time Medicine by James Joseph Walsh 15;41;11
1911 Soul of the Indian by Alexander Eastman 44.2M 1;36;42
1910 Edison His Life by Frank Lewis Dyer & Martin 816M 29;42;42
1912 4 San Francisco ArmoryNational Guard Armory & Arsenal_ San Francisco
1912 Seely Overlook Castle North Carolina
1912 Great Epochs in American History, V2 The Planting Of The First Colonies: 15621733 by Various 59,620 K
1912 Great Epochs in American History, Volume 1. Voyages Of Discovery And Early Explorations: 1000 A.D.1682 by Various 60535 K
1912 Introductory American History by Benton, Elbert Jay, Bourne, Henry Eldridge 57,080W K
1912 Sinking of the Titanic and Great Sea Disasters by Logan Marshall 1884 215M 7;51;19
1912 Essays in Radical Empiricism 6;45;26
1912 Coming of the Law by Charles Alden Seltzer & R. W. Amick 81,037 162P K
1912 History of the United States V3 by Andrews, Elisha Benjamin 45561 K
1913 Age of Fable by Thomas Bulfinch 17961867 409M 14;54;23
1913 Pragmatism by William James 179M 6;32;56
1913 Facts of Reconstruction by Lynch 223M 8;07;09
1913 Great Gold Rush by Jarvis 18761944 174M 6;21;17
1913 Pragmatism by William James 6;32;56
Democrat
1913 - 21
8
1913 - 21 8 Woodrow Wilson
Wilson 1944
1913 PhilippineAmerican War begins
1914 - 9 5 Oheka Castle
1914 Gillette Castle State Park
1914 LawBreakersby Ridgwell Cullum 142,109 K
1914 Jewish Immigration to the United States from 1881 to 1910 Studies in History, Economics and Public Law by Joseph, Samuel 55,163 K
1914 Old Rail Fence Corners The A. B. Cs. of Minnesota History by Lucy Leavenworth Wilder Morris 119,226 K
1914 Through Brazilian Wilderness by Theodore Roosevelt 18581919 344M 12;33;17
1914 Pep Poise, Efficiency, Peace by William C. Hunter 104M 6;47;17 60C
1914 Story of Mormonism by Talmage 50M 1;49;27
1914 Lincolns Attitude by Henry Wilbur 155M 5;40;15 16Pts
1914 Contemporary American History, 18771913 by Beard, Charles A. (Charles Austin) 108434 K
1915 Sleeping Beauty Castle
1915 Complete Club Book for Women Including Subjects, Material and References for Study Programs; together with a Constitution and ByLaws; Rules of Order; ... of what Some Clubs are Doing, etc., etc.by Caroline French Benton 53,334 K
1915 Pathological Lying, Accusation, and Swindling – A Study in Forensic Psychology by william healy 261M 9;30;35
1915 Lake of the Sky Lake Tahoe in the High Sierras of California and Nevada, its History, Indians, Discovery by Frémont, Legendary Lore, Various Namings, ... a Full Account of the Tahoe National ... by James, George Wharton 131,045 K
1915 STORIES OF LATER AMERICAN HISTORY by Wilbur Fisk Gordy 73.4M 5;20;55
1915 The Trail Hawk A COMEDY of the seriousness of life by Sinclair Lewis 372M 13;34;21
1916 Journal of Negro History by Various K
1916 US enters war
1917 10 American Girls From History by Sweetser, Kate Dickinson 98742 K
1917 OUR DAY, In the Light of Prophecy by William Ambrose 111M 8;08;18
1917 This Country of Ours by Elizabeth Marshall 18761941 82M 6;59;11
1918 Story of the Pony Express 18623 by Glen D Bradley 85.3M 3;06;20
1918 Indian Heroes by Charles Alexander Eastman 18581939 113M 4;08;32
1918 Battle of Soissons . France France, UK, USA 125 VS Germany 168
1918 2nd Battle of the Somme. France UK, (+Australia, Canada), USA 5.6 VS Germany + #600+C
1918 2nd Battle of the Lys. Belgium UK, (+Australia, Newfoundland), Portugal, Belgium, France, USA ? 120 VS Germany 800 120
1918 Battle of SaintMihiel. France USA 14Div 550, France 4Div 48 598 7 VS Germany 10Div 2X 5.5W
1918 Battle of the Argonne Forest. France USA 117, France 70 550 187 VS Germany 190 90210
1918 Battle of St. Quentin Canal. France UK, Australia 2Div, USA 14Div VS Germany 13Div
1918 Battle of SommePy. France USA, France VS Germany
1918 Battle of SaintThierry. France USA, France VS Germany
1918 Battle of Montfaucon. France USA, France VS Germany
1918 Battle of Chesne. France USA, France VS Germany
1918 Battle of Blanc Mont Ridge. France USA VS Germany
1919 History of the American Negro by William Allison Sweeney 18511921 150M 10;57;12
1919 National Parks by Robert Sterling Yard 18611945 281M 10;15;26
1919 Women get the vote
Iron Jawed Angels 2004
1919 International Jewish Cook Book 1600 Recipes According to the Jewish Dietary Laws with the Rules for Kashering; The Favorite Recipes of America, Austria, ... Russia, France, Poland, Roumania, Etc., Etc. by Florence Kreisler Greenbaum 152,378 K
1919 Inquiry Into The Nature Of Peace And The Terms Of Its Perpetuation by Thorstein Veblen 114,324 K
1919 - 47 28 Hearst Castle
1920 - 33 13 Prohibition
The Untouchables 1987 1920s Herreshoff Castle
1921 History of the United States by Charles A Beard 1874 - 1948 & Mary Ritter Beard 823M
1921 Putnams Handy Law Book for the Layman by Albert Sidney Bolles 108,603 K
Republican
1921 - 33
12
1921 - 3 2 Warren G. Harding
1921 Frontier in American History by Turner, Frederick Jackson 121915 K
1921 History of the Kentucky Derby, 18751921 by OConnor, John Lawrence 47143 K
1922 31 Scottys Castle
1922 BU Castle
1922 Curwood Castle
1922 History of Trade Unionism in the United Statesby Perlman, Selig 87,439 K
1922 What Prohibition Has Done to America by Franklin 18531939 65M 2;21;46
1923 Coral Castle
1923 - 9 6 Calvin Coolidge
19235 Carey Mansion
1924 Sheas Castle
1924 5 Great Philosophies of Life by Hyde, William De Witt 69384 K
1926 - 9 3 Hammond Castle
1926 - 9 3 Meadow Brook Hall Castle
1927 Mind Science Ernest Holmes.
1928 Dark Island Castle
1929 Chateau Laroche
1929 Old Louisiana State Capitol
1929 Vikingsholm Castle
1929 - 38 9 Depression
Brother Can You Spare a Dime 1975
The Grapes of Wrath 1940)
1929 - 33 4 Herbert Hoover
1929 Wall Street Crash
1930 Spirit of Youth and the City Streets 1860 1935 77.4M 2;49;09
1930 Black Muslims (Nation of Islam) –Wallace D. Fard. Detroit, Michigan.
1932 Oxteam Days of 1906 by Ezra Meeker 18301928 & Driggs 153M 5;34;35
1866 - 1933 67 Gentleman Jim Corbett, IrishAmerican heavyweight boxer
1933 Turns of Thought by George Santayana 80.7M 2;56;24
Democrat
1933 - 53
20
1933 - 45 12 Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933 Readings on Fascism and National Socialism Selected by members of the department of philosophy, University of Colorado by Various 47,190 K
1934 World Wide Church of God Herbert W. Armstrong. Eugene, Oregon.
1935 Self Realization Fellowship Paramahansa Yogananda. USA
1936 Backwoods of Canada by Catharine Trail 1802 - 99 235M 8;34;47
1936 Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves V14 by United States. Work Projects Administration 95,441 K
1937 Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart: The Final Flight 1994
1840 - 5 5 Millerites 2nd day Adventists William Miller then became 7th Day Adventists
1940 - 2 2 Siege of Malta. Malta UK, Malta, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia Supply: Free French, Greece, Poland, Norway, USA 30BuD 40Su 2AC 4C 19D 716F 369 64Gr 2.3ACXW 1.3CiX VS Italy 175 72%T 16Su, Germany 357 50U 23%M 2 2.3M 17.2X 2.3M
1941 Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves Administrative Files Selected Records Bearing on the History of the Slave Narratives by Work Projects Administration 9,395W K
1941 Pearl Harbour
1943 Education Act
1944 AD. Silva Mind Control –Jose Silva. Texas.
1941 Battle of the Coral Sea. Coral Sea, bet Australia, New Guinea, & Solomons USA, Australia 2AC 1Sc 1D 128 69 9C 13D 1 2Ta 1 1ST 28 3 #656X VS Japan 2AC 127 92 1D 1LC 1 9C 15D 1 1D 5MS 2ML 2SuC 3G 1Ta 1ST 12T 1D 3SW 2SWD 55 5 #966X * Japanese Invasion repelled
1942 - 3 1 Battle of BunaGona. New Guinea Australia, USA 20+ 2.3X 12+W VS Japan 6.5+ 6+X 1.2W #200C
1941 - 5 4 Battle of the Caribbean. USA, UK, Canada, + VS Germany, Italy
1941 Operation Stonewall. Off West France UK 2LC 2W, USA 1EC, Free France 4D, Canada 4Co, New Zealand 1C, Czechoslovakia 1B, Ireland 1St, Spain 2D VS Germany 2To 1D 1DD 4BR #154C Last of German control of French ports.
1942 Naval Battle of Casablanca. Morocco USA 1AC 1EC 1B 1D 3HC 1LC 14D 2D 15T 4 347L 150 1Ta ? 45 #174X ?W VS German, France 1B 1D 1LC 1 2FL 2Gr 7D 4 1Gr 8Sl 11MS 11Sub 5 2D 1Gr ? 7 ?Bat, Germany 2Sub 1 ? ?
1942 Operation Torch. Morocco, Algeria USA, UK, Free French, Canada, Netherlands 107 479+X 720W VS Germany 2Sub in Mor., Vichy France 60 1.3X 2W
1942 Operation Terminal. Morocco, Algeria USA, UK 2D 1 622 VS German Empire Vichy France
1942 Operation Torch. Morocco, Algeria USA, UK, Free French, Canada, Netherlands 107 479+X 720W VS Germany 2Sub in Mor., Vichy France 60 1.3X 2W
1942 Operation Terminal. Morocco, Algeria USA, UK 2D 1 622 VS German Empire Vichy France
1943 4 1 Operation Strangle. Rome, Italy USA 2AF VS Italy, Germany
1943 Battle of Sicily. Italy UK, USA, Canada, Newfoundland, Free French 160467 24.8 5.8X 15.7W 3.3C 14V 600T 1.8G VS Italy 230 131.4147 +C, Germany 60 20 260T 1.4
1943 Battle of Troina. Sicily, Italy USA 2Div 80100 #40C 165A + VS Germany, Italy
1943 Allied invasion of Italy. UK, USA, Canada 189 2X 7W 3.5M VS Germany, Italy 100 3.5
1943 Volturno Line. Italy USA 1Arm, UK 1Bri VS Germany 1TDiv
1943 Barbara Line. Italy USA 1Arm, UK 1Div, India 1Div VS Germany 1TDiv
1943 Air Raid on Bari. Italy Germany 1VS UK, USA 23 1HarHD 1So&SaX 1CiX
1944 Battle of Anzio Italy USA, UK, Canada 36 then 150 2.31.5V 43 7X 36WM VS Germany 20 then 135, Italy 4.6 40 5X 30.5WM 4.5C
1944 Battle of Cisterna. Italy Germany 4Div 1PaDiv VS USA 1Div 1PaReg 1RaFor
1944 Trasimene Line. Italy USA, UK, France VS Germany
1944 Gothic Line. Italy UK, USA, India, Canada, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Brazil, Italian Resistance, Greece 40 VS Germany, Italy
1944 Battle of Garfagnana. Italy Germany, Italy 9.1 100A 1XM VS USA, UK, India 18 120T 140A 1XM #300+C
Territory in northern Tuscany falls back into Axis hands.
1944 Operation Overlord. France USA, UK, Canada, Free French, Poland, Czechloslovakia, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Free Belgians, Greece, Luxembourg 1.5 Then 2M 226Cas 4.1 4T VS Germany 380 then 1M 2.3T&AG 2.2, 210450 2.1 13.619.9CivCas
1944 Invasion of Normandy. France UK, USA, Canada, Free French, Poland, Australia, Free Belgians, New Zealand, Netherlands, Norway, Free Czechloslovak, Greece 1.3M 120 VS Germany 380 113
1944 Battle of Carentan. France USA 1ABat 1TBat 1MBat VS Germany 2PaBat 4Bat 2PTBat
1944 Battle of Cherbourg. France USA 2.8X 5.7M 13.5WVS Germany 40 78XM 30C
1944 Battle of Bloody Gulch. France USA 1IDiv 1AirBat #32X #73W 1ArDiv 60T VS Germany 1Reg #43X #89W 1PTDiv 12T 2
1944 Operation Cobra. France USA 8IDiv 3ArDiv 2.5T&TD 1.8 VS Germany 2IDiv 1PaDiv 5PTDiv 190T&AG
1944 Operation Lüttich. France USA 9thAF, UK 2ndAF 5IDiv 3ArCC VS Germany 2IDiv 3PTDiv 5PT&IDiv 150T
1944 Falaise pocket. France USA, UK, Canada, Poland, Free French 17Div + VS Germany 1415Div 100 60
1944 Battle for Brest. France USA, UK 3IDiv 1RaBat 4 VS Germany 3Div 1+X 4W 38C
1944 Operation Dragoon. France USA 2XCM 7.8OCO, Free French 10<, UK, Canada 175200 VS Germany 85100P 285300A 7X 20W 130+C
1944 Battle of Port Cros. France USA, Canada 1.5 1D 9X VS Germany 5F 5 1A 1C 2
1944 Battle of La Ciotat. France USA 1D 1D #1W, UK 2GB 17PT VS Germany 1C 1AuC 2 #169C
1944 Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine France, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany USA 240 50.4X 172.5W 24.4CM, UK, Poland, Canada, France, + 5.4M VS Germany 1.5M
1944 Lorraine Campaign. France USA 3rd Army 55.2 6.7X 36.4W 12.1MVS Germany 75C
1944 Battle of Metz. France USA VS Germany
1944 Battle of Nancy. France USA 3Div 2.9 VS Germany 2Div 2Reg 4
1944 Battle of Hill 400. Germany USA, UK VS Germany
1944 Battle of Overloon. Netherlands USA, UK 2Div 1.9 3 40 VS Germany 1Div?
1944 Battle of Aachen. Germany USA 100 5 VS Germany 13 5 5.6C
1944 Battle of Crucifix Hill. Germany USA VS Germany
1944 Operation Queen. Germany Germany 38.5VS USA, UK 38.5 340T
1944 5 Operation Clipper. Germany UK, USA 2 #169X #752M #500NC VS Germany
1944 5 Battle of the Bulge. Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany USA 89.5 19X 47.5W 23CM 800T, UK 1.4 #200X #969W #239M, Canada, Free Belgians, Free Luxembourg 83 4IDiv 1ADiv 394A#242T To 610 20IDiv 9ADiv 4.2A 1.6T 182AFV 6 VS Germany 200 8IDiv 5ADiv 340+T 280+AFV 1.6A 955RL Rien 100 12IDiv 3⅔ADiv 440+T 440+AFV 600T&AG 2.4 500T 67.2100XMC 100s 3CiX
1944 Battle of St. Vith. Belgium Germany 2GrDiv 1Bri 1PTDiv 100+ 500T VS USA, UK 1IDiv 2ADiv 22 12.5XWCM 88T 25AC
1944 Battle of Kesternich. Germany USA 1IDiv VS Germany 2GrDiv Allies take town
1944 Battle of Foy. Belgium USA, Canada VS Germany Town taken
1944 Battle of Lanzerath Ridge. Belgium Germany Bat 2Reg Div#500 GrDiv20 #20X #63W #13M VS USA In&ScPla Reg Div18 A4 #1X #14W #20C
1944 Losheim Gap. Belgium Germany 25 #200X #300W200+T 112T VS USA 5 #450X 1+W 2.3C 20LT 12MT 32T
1944 Battle of Clervaux. Luxembourg Germany Div 2PTDiv + VS USA 2Reg 22.8
1944 Elsenborn Ridge. Belgium USA 4Div 28 5XM VS Germany 4GrDiv 56 + PTDiv 114T&V
1944 Operation Stösser. Germany USA 3 300T VS Germany PTReg #300 #200
1944 Warsaw Uprising. Poland Germany, + 1325 79X 7M 9W 2C 310T&AV 340Tr&C 22A 1 VS Polish Res 41.7 10X 5.26M 5W 15C, UK AF, USSR AF, South Africa AF, USA AF 2049 150200CiX 700CiDis
1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf. Philipines USA, Australia 8AC 8LAC 1 18EC 21.5 200 12B 24C 141D&DE 3 +PT&Su&Au 3 VS Japan 1AC 1 3LAC 3 300+ 500 9B 3 14HC 6LC 10 35+D 11 10.5
1945 Siege of Bastogne. Belgium USA PTDiv 22.8+ 3+Ca VS Germany 54+
1945 Operation Bodenplatte. Belgium, Netherlands, France Canada, New Zealand, Poland, UK 2nd AF, USA 8th&9thAF VS Germany Cor 2Div
1945 Operation Nordwind. France USA 7thArm 29, France 1stArm 2 31VS Germany 1st&19thArm 23
1944 5 Battle of Hürtgen Forest. GermanBelgian Border Germany 80 28 VS USA 120 33 (w/ 9 NCCas)
1944 5 Battle of Monte Castello. Italy Brazil 1Div #443, USA 1Div VS Germany 1Div 9 1.5+
1945 Spring Offensive in Italy. UK 633, USA 267, Poland, India, Brazil, New Zealand, South Africa, Italy, + 900 16.3 VS Germany, Italy 394 302
Decisive Allied victory German surrender in Italy Execution of Benito Mussolini Italian Social Republic disestablished
1945 Battle of Bologna. Italy UK, USA VS Italy, Germany
1945 Battle of Collecchio. Italy Brazil 2Reg, USA 1TBat, Italian Partisan 1Brig VS Germany, Italy 1Div 15
1945 Colmar Pocket. France France 5Div 2ArDiv Rein ArDiv 14, USA 2Div Rein Div ArDiv 8 22 VS Germany 8Div PTBri 2238.5
1945 Western Allied invasion of Germany. Germany USA 6th,12thArmG 3M, UK 21stArmG, France 1stArm, Canada, Poland VS Germany ArmG:B,G,H 1M
1945 Operation Grenade. Germany USA 7.3 VS Germany 45.7
1945 Operation Lumberjack. Germany USA VS Germany
1945 Operation Plunder. Germany UK, Canada, USA VS Germany
1945 Operation Varsity. Germany UK, USA, Canada 16.9 2.42.7 72 VS Germany 8 ? 3.5C
1945 Operation Undertone. Germany USA, France 12.9 VS Germany 22C
1945 Battle of Kassel. Germany USA Div VS Germany 6 #50X 5.4C
1945 Battle of Heilbronn. Germany USA Cor #60X #250W #112M VS Germany Cor 1.5C
1945 Ruhr Pocket. Germany USA, UK, German Res. 300+ 4.1Ca #928X 3.3W VS Germany 400 ? 300+C
1939 45 6 Battle of the Atlantic. Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Outer Banks, Arctic Ocean UK, Canada, USA (415 4), Newfoundland, Norway, Poland, Free French (405 5), Belgium, Brazil (425 3), Netherlands, France (3940) 36.2SaX 32MSX 3.5M 175W 3.7 VS Germany, Italy (403 3) 30SaX 783Sub
1939 Battle of the River Plate. Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Outer Banks, Arctic Ocean UK, Canada, USA (415 4), Newfoundland, Norway, Poland, Free French (405 5), Belgium, Brazil (425 3), Netherlands, France (3940) HC BD 2LC 2D 3D 72X 28WVS Germany, Italy (403 3)1PB Sc 30X 60W
1942 Convoy PQ 17. Arctic Ocean Germany 9U(w/X) 33To 6B 5 VS UK, USA, USSR, Netherlands, Panama 6D 2AntAi 2Sub 11Sm 35M 24 #154 6Au
1943 Battle of the Bismarck Sea. Papua New Guinea USA, Australia 39HBo 41MBo 34LBo 2Bo, 10To 54Fi 4 #13X VS Japan 8D 5 8T 8 100 20Fi 2.9+X
1942 Operation Drumbeat. 2nd Happy Time. Atlantic Germany 22U VS UK, USA 609 3.1MGRT
1942 5 3 Battle of Torpedo Alley. Off North Carolina Germany 3Sub #100X #40CVS UK, USA 397 5X
1942 Action of 27 March. Off Virginia Germany 1Sub 1D #1X VS USA 1Q 1 #141
1945 Operation Teardrop. North Atlantic USA, Canada 4AC 42D 1 #126X ?WVS Germany 7Su 5 #218X ?W #00F
1944 Action of 13 May. Cape Verde Islands, Atlantic USA 1DE 0 VS Japan 1Sub 1 #52X
1944 Action of 13 May. Cape Verde Islands, Atlantic USA 1DE 0 VS Japan 1Sub 1 #52X
1945 Battle of Point Judith. Off Rhode Island USA 1D 2DE 1Fri 1Col 1 12 2Bl VS Germany 1U 55
1945 United Nations formed
1945 - 53 8 Harry S. Truman
1945 The Way Victor P.Wierwille. Ohio.
1945 United Pentecostal International Howard Goss, W.T. Witherspoon (can be traced back to 1914). Kentuky.
1946 Cold War begins
1947 Marshall plan and Truman Doctrine
Truman 1995
1948 Latter Rain –Franklin Hall, George Warnock. USA
1949 - 69 20 Mccarthyism
Good Night and Good Luck 2005
1949 Nato created
1950 AD.Urantia Book Dr. Bill Sadler
1950 Lafayette Ronald Hubbard published his book DianeticsSCIENTOLOGY
1951 ANZUS pact in Pacific
Republican
1953 - 61
8
1953 - 61 8 Dwight D. Eisenhower
1954 Atherius Society (UFO’s) Dr. George King. England & USA
1957 Islamic Center of Washington Mosque us
1957 New Discoveries at Jamestown by John L. Cotter & Paul Hudson 58.3M 2;07;29
1958 Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research (IDMR) Henry Kinley. Los Angeles
1960 Enkankar Paul Twitchell.
1961 Unitarian Universalism was officially formed.
Democrat
1961 - 9
8
1961 3 2 John F. Kennedy Assasinated
1961 Bay of pigs
1962 Cuban missile crisis
1963 - 9 6 Lyndon B. Johnson
1964 The Gulf of Tonkin incident led the United States into the Vietnam War.
1964 Eckankar The Ancient Science of Soul Travel (Eck).  Founded by Paul Twitchell.
1965 Assembly of YahwehJacob Meyer. GermanAmerican.
1966 Church of Satan Anton LaVey. San Fransisco.
1966 Millions of youth began using marijuana, heroin, LSD, etc.
1968 Hare Krishna (US) Swami Prabhupada. India.
1968 Children of God David (Moses) Berg. Oakland, California.
Republican 1969 - 77 8
1969 - 74 5 Richard Nixon
1969 1st man on the moon
The Right Stuff 1983
Apollo 13 1999
From the Earth to the Moon 1998
1969 Bishop Castle
1969 Martin Castle
1969 Open Universities
Malcolm X 1992
1969 Woodstock
Woodstock 1970
1970 Findhorn Community –Peter and Eileen Caddy –David Spangler.
1970 Divine light Mission Guru Maharaj Ji. IndianAmerican.
1971 Cinderella Castle
1972 Watergate
Nixon 1995
1973 CARP was established in the United States.  [The Collegiate Association for the Research of Principles] to introduce the teachings of un Myung Moon.
1973 Oil Shock
1973 Skylab
1973 Kyle Pounds born
1974 - 7 3 Gerald Ford
1974 Assemblies of YahwehSam Suratt.
Democrat 1977 - 81 4
1977 - 81 4 Jimmy Carter
1977 Fairfax County Courthouse by Ruby Waldeck and Ross De Witt Netherton 40,550 K
1978 Supplementary Copyright Statutes, US Copy. Office by Library of Congress. Copyright Office 31445 K
1979 Church of Christ International Kip McKean.
1980 - 82 Tara CenterBenjamen Crème. Scotland. In Netherlands, USA, England, Japan.
1980 House of Yahweh (Abilene) Jacob Hawkins. Texas.
Republican 1981 - 93 12
1981 - 9 8 Ronald Reagan
1981 "Crack" cocaine use and urban crime became rampant.
1982 Franklin Castle
1983 Reproduction of Copyrighted Works By Educators and Librarians by Library of Congress. Copyright Office 20,095 K
1987 Stock Market crisis
1987 Tucson Mosque
1989 - 93 4 George H.W. Bush
1991 Gulf War broke out.
Democrat 1993 - 2001 8
1993 - 2001 8 Bill Clinton
Republican 2001 - 9 8
2001 - 9 8 George W. Bush 2007 Amorosa Castle
Democrat 2009 - Present 2
2009 - Present 2 Barack Obama
1879 - 1915 36 Joe Hill Labor organizer
1958 - 70 12 Church Universal and Triumphant –Mark and E.C. Prophet. USA.
1845 - 1870 25 7th Day AdventistsE.G. White
Trust Territory of the
Pacific Islands

1947 - 94
47
@ Saipan
English
United Nations Trust Territory
1900 - 09 Madeleine Cathedral
1901 Trinity Cathedral Cleveland, Ohio
1902 - 11 Immaculate Conception Cathedral Denver
1903 St. James Basilica Brooklyn
1903 - 5 Sacred Heart Cathedral Richmond, Virginia
1903 St. John the Baptist Byzantine Cathedral Pittsburgh
1904 - 7 Saint Patrick Cathedral Harrisburg
1905 - 7 St. James Cathedral in Seattle
1905 - 59 St. Cecilia Cathedral
1906 8 Saint Thomas Aquinas Cathedral Reno
1906 Saint Paul Cathedral Pittsburgh
1906 St. Johns Cathedral Jacksonville, Florida
1907 - 8 St. Paul Cathedral Detroit
1907 - 14 St. Louis Cathedral
1907 - 90 Washington National Cathedral
1907 Saint Mary Basilica Minneapolis
1907 St. Anthony Cathedral, Beaumont, Texas
1908 Saint Helena Cathedral
1909 - 11 St. John in the Wilderness Cathedral Denver
1910 - 6 Christ Church Cathedral, Eau Claire
1910 - 14 Incarnation Cathedral Nashville
1910 Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Cathedral Juneau
1910 St. Marks Episcopal Cathedral Minneapolis, Minnesota
1912 St. Theodosius Russian Orthodox Cathedral
1912 - 26 Holy Family Cathedral in Tulsa
1913 - 9 Bryn Athyn Cathedral
1913 - 51 Most Blessed Cathedral Sacrament
1913 Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy Cathedral Philadelphia
1914 - 6 Saint Patrick Cathedral El Paso
1915 - 31 Trinity Cathedral Phoenix, Arizona
1916 - 60 Sts. Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Cathedral
1923 Holy Trinity Cathedral Salt Lake City, Utah
1924 - 60 Blessed Sacrament Cathedral Altoona

1925 Trinity Episcopal Cathedral, Miami

1926 - 7 Christ the King Cathedral Superior
1926 - 31 Rosary Cathedral Toledo, Ohio
1926 Saint Joseph Cathedral Wheeling
1928 - 31 St. Marks Episcopal Cathedral, Seattle
1930 National City Christian Church
1932 - 5 Hope Cathedral Pittsburgh
1937 - 9 Christ the King Cathedral Atlanta
1938 Saint Thomas More Cathedral
1950 - 2 Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral Houston
1950 - 2 Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral of New England
1951 - 62 St. Nicholas Cathedral Washington, D.C.
1952 - 3 Saint Catharine Cathedral Siena
1952 Sacred Heart Cathedral Winona, Minnesota
1955 - 7 Saint Mary Cathedral Miami
1955 - 9 Mary Our Queen Cathedral
1959 Dulce Nombre de Maria Cathedral Basilica
1961 St. Mary Byzantine Cathedral Dedicated
1962 St. Joseph Cathedral Hartford
1962 Saint Joseph the Workman Cathedral
1964 Grace Cathedral, San Francisco
1966 Annunciation Melkite Catholic Cathedral Roslindale, Massachusetts
1966 Archdiocese of Anchorage created. Holy Family Cathedral Anchorage
1967 - 8 Saint Joseph Cathedral
1967 - 70 Saint Mary of the Assumption Cathedral
1977 - 80 Crystal Cathedral
1983 Advent Cathedral Birmingham, Alabama
1993 St_John the Baptist Byzantine Cathedral
2002 Our Lady of the Angels Cathedral
2005 - 8 Christ the Light Cathedral
2010 Saint John the Baptist Cathedral Charleston, South Carolina
2010 Hope Cathedral Dallas







400 - 1521 1121 Zapotec civilization
1350 - 1521 171 Monte alb 5
Aztec Empire
1521
1502 Moctezuma 2
1502 - 25 23 Cuauhtémoc, the last Tlatoani of the Aztec, led the native resistance against the Conquistadores
1517 Spanish first arrive on the shores of Yucatan under Hernandez de Cordoba, who later dies of wounds received in battle against the Maya. The arrival of the Spanish ushers in Old World diseases unknown among the Maya, including smallpox, influenza and measles. Within a century, 90 per cent of Mesoamericas native populations will be killed off.
1519 - 21 2 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Mexico. Habsburg Spain Tlaxcala vs Aztec Triple Alliance
1519 Hernan Cortes begins exploring Yucatan.
Captain from Castile 1947
Aguirre, the Wrath of God 1972
1519 Cortez comes to Mexico. Moctezuma 2 killed. 
1520 Cuitlahuac elected ruler. 
1520s Mayans
Apocalypto 2006
1521 Tenochtitlan destroyed. 
Viceroyalty of New Spain
1521 - 1821 300
@ Mexico City
Spanish, Nahuatl, Mayan, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
Roman Catholicism, Traditional indigenous spiritual and religious beliefs
Monarchy
1521 1697 176 Post Conquest Mesoamerica
1522 Tenochtitlan rebuilt, named Mexico City. Declared capital of Spanish colony of New Spain.
1523 Huayna Capac dies and divides his empire between his two sons, Atahuallpa and Huascar
1524 Cortes meets the Itza people, the last of the Maya peoples to remain unconquered by the Spanish. The Spanish leave the Itza alone until the seventeenth century.
1526 Palace of Cortés, Cuernavaca
1528 Cabeza de Vaca explores Mexico and US
Cabeza de Vaca 1992
The Spanish under Francisco de Montejo begin their conquest of the northern Maya. The Maya fight back with surprising vigour, keeping the Spanish at bay for several years.
1541 The Spanish are finally able to subdue the Maya and put an end to Maya resistance. Revolt continues, however, to plague the Spaniards off and on for the rest of the century.
1542 The Spanish establish a capital city at Merida in Yucatan.
1542 Urged on by Bartolome de las Casas and others, Carlos V enacts the "New Laws"  designed to end the encomienda system that enslaves native people. 
1550 Tales of  La Llorona (the Weeping Woman), an important cultural figure and legend, begin to be told in Mexico City. 
1550 - 1 1 Valladolid debate concerning the existence of souls in Amerindians
1527 - 1697 170 Spanish conquest of Yucatán. Mexico. Spain vs
1565 San Juan de Ulúa
1541 - 1854 Guadalajara Cathedral
1573 - 1813 Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral
1573 - 1933 Our Lady of the Assumption Cathedral Oaxaca
1575 - 1690 Puebla Cathedral
1500s Open Chapel at Dzibilchaltun
1502 El Tepozteco Tomb of Ahuizotle

Viceroyalty of New Spain
1521 - 1821 300
@ Mexico City
Spanish, Nahuatl, Mayan, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
Roman Catholicism, Traditional indigenous spiritual and religious beliefs
Monarchy
1641 - 1896 Xalapa Cathedral
1660 - 1744 Morelia Cathedral
610 - 00s Kabah (Maya site)
Viceroyalty of New Spain
1521 - 1821 300
@ Mexico City
Spanish, Nahuatl, Mayan, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
Roman Catholicism, Traditional indigenous spiritual and religious beliefs
Monarchy
1712 The Maya of the Chiapas highlands rise against the Mexican government. They will continue to do so off and on until the 1990s.
1724 The Spanish Crown abolishes the system of encomienda, which had given Spanish land barons the right to forced Maya labor, as long as they agreed to convert the Maya to Christianity.
1755 Mayan calander enters new era
1725 - 1826 Chihuahua Cathedral
Viceroyalty of New Spain
1521 - 1821 300
@ Mexico City
Spanish, Nahuatl, Mayan, and other indigenous languages of the Americas.
Roman Catholicism, Traditional indigenous spiritual and religious beliefs
Monarchy
1810 - 21 11 Mexican War of Independence part of the Spanish American wars of independence Mexican Army Monarchy of Spain
1821 Treaty of Córdoba Mexico gains independence from Spain with the .
1st Mexican Empire
1821 - 3
2
@ Mexico Agustín 1 of MexicoCity
Spanish
Constitutional Monarchy
1821 - 9 8 Spanish reconquest of Mexico Mexico Spanish Empire
1821 - 3 2 Agustín 1 of Mexico
In general, life becomes more tolerable for the Maya than it had been under Spanish rule.
Juarez 1939
1st United States of Mexico
1824 - 64
40
@ Mexico City
Spanish
Roman Catholicism
Federal Republic
1838 - 9 1 Pastry War Kingdom of the French Mexico
1839 American diplomat and lawyer John Lloyd Stephens and English topographical artist Frederick Catherwood begin a series of explorations into Maya regions, revealing the full splendor of classical Maya civilization to the world for the first time.
1843 Life in Mexico by Madame Calderón de la Barca 180482 652M 23;45;22
1843 Conquest of Mexico by Prescott 17961859 695M 24;35;44
2nd Federal
Republic of Mexico

1846 - 64 18
Mexico City
No religion
Federal Republic
1847 - 1901 54 Caste War of Yucatán.
1847 The Yucatan Maya rise up against the Mexican government, rebelling against the miserable conditions and cruelty they have suffered at the hands of the whites. The rebellion is so successful that the Maya almost manage to take over the entire peninsula in what has become known as the War of the Castes.
1860 The Yucatan Maya rebel again.
1863 Chapultepec Castle
2nd Mexican Empire
1864 - 7
3
Mexico City Succeeded the First Mexican Empire which was short lived 1821 - 3 2 See also Mexican Imperial Orders.
1861 - 7 6 French intervention in Mexico Also known as FrancoMexican War Mexico United States after 1865 Second Mexican Empire from 1864 Second French Empire 1862 - 6 British Empire 1862 only Spain 1862 only
2nd United Mexican States
1867 - Present
144
@ Mexico City
Spanish
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
Peso
1880 A new tide of government intervention in Maya life begins as governments attempt to force the Maya to become laborers on cashcrop plantations. This destroys many aspects of Maya cultural traditions and agricultural methods preserved over 4,000 years. Towns which had been protected for the Maya soon become a haven for mixedrace ladinos who prey economically on the indigenous Maya and usurp all positions of social and economic power.
1822 An account of Antonio del Rios late eighteenthcentury explorations of Palenque is published in London. The book raises a great deal of interest in further exploration of the "lost" Maya civilization and settlements.
1898 - 1910 Our Lady of Guadalupe Cathedral
811 - 00s ChichenItzaCastilloSeenFromEast
2nd United Mexican States
1867 - Present
144
@ Mexico City
Spanish
Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic
Peso
1901 Hernando Cortez Makers of History by Abbott, John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) 66,444 K
1909 Mexico Its Ancient and Modern Civilisation, History, Political Conditions, Topography, Natural Resources, Industries and General Development by Enock, C. Reginald (Charles Reginald) 134,670 K
1910 Mexican Revolution
Zapata: Amor en Rebeldia 2004
Zapata: El sueño de un héroe 2004
El Compadre Mendoza 1934
Viva Villa! 1934
Lets Go with Pancho Villa 1936
And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself 2003
La Sombra del Caudillo 1960
Villa! 1958
Villa Rides! 1968
The Old Gringo 1989
Reed, México insurgente 1973
Cannon for Cordoba 1970
1917 History of the Spanish Conquest of Yucatan and of the Itzas Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Hard University. V7 by Means, Philip Ainsworth 87,314 K
1952 The Priestking Pacals tomb at Palenque is discovered and excavated by Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruz, marking the first time a tomb has been found inside a Maya pyramid. Prior to this, Maya pyramids were believed to be temples with a purely religious or ceremonial purpose.
1962 Maya hieroglyphic signs are first catalogued. Uncontrolled looting of Maya tombs and other sites begins around this time in the southern lowlands, continuing until well into the 1970s.
1946 American photographer Giles Healey is taken to the Maya city of Bonampak by the native Lacandon who live nearby. Healey becomes the first nonMaya ever to see Bonampaks stunning wallpaintings, which reveal new details about Maya civilization.
1999 Mayan Calendar enters new era
Central:
Carribean:

Lesser Antilles

Greater Antilles

Lucayan Archipelago