1500s
1600s
1700s
1800s
1900s
Safavid Dynasty Iran 1501 - 1732 231
   
 
 
Durrani Afghanistan
 

Ahmednagar 1490 - 1636 146

       
Gujarat Sultanate India 1297 - 1947 650
 

Bijapur dynasti (Adilshahi) India 1490 - 1686 196

     
 
Deccan Sultanates India 1527 - 1686 149
 
Delhi
 
Sikh Empire India 1733 - 1849 116
 
British India 1858 - 1947 89
 
 
Golconda India 1518 - 1687 69
 
Ahmednagar Sult India 1490 - 1636 146
     
 
Mughal Empire India 1526 - 1857 331
 
Vijayanagara Empire India 1336 - 1650 314
 
Maratha Empire India 1674 - 1820 146
 
Bengal
     
 
Sitawaka 1521 - 94 73
 
Kingdom of Nepal 1768 - 2008 40
 
Kingdom of Kandy Sri Lanka 1581 - 1815 234
 
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Ak Koyunlu
1378 - 1508
130
Tabriz
1500 - 1 1 Muhammad Mirza ibn Yusuf
1501 - 2 1 Muhammad Mirza ibn Yusuf
1502 - 8 6 Murad ibn Ya‘qub 2xdX
Safavid Dynasty
1501 - 1736
239
@ Tabriz, Qazvin, Esfahan Shiism becomes official religion of Iran
1501 Safavid dynasty reunified Iran and ruled over it until 1736. Safavids adopt a Shia branch of Islam.
1502 - 24 22 Ismail 1 (1487 - 1524 37) son of Sultan Heidar. reunified Persia, established Safavid dynasty and declared Shia Islam as state religion.
1514 Battle of Chaldiran. Iran. Ottoman Empire vs Safavid Empire
1516 Portuguese under Alburquerque takes Harmuz on Persian Gulf
1525 - 76 51 Tahmasp 1 (1514 - 76 62)
1576 7 1 Ismail 2 Shah (1537 - 77 40)
1576 - 87 11 Mohammad 1 Ashraf Marash (1532 96 64)
1587 - 1629 42 Abbas 1 Shahanshah, Sultan "The Great" (1571 - 1629 58)
1598 Capital moved from Qazvin to Isfahan
1507 Portuguese Fort of our lady of conception Castle Hormuz
Safavid Empire
1501 1736
239
Iran
1587 - 1629 42 Abbas 1 Shahanshah, Sultan Great 1571 - 1629
1629 - 42 13 Sam Mirza Safi Shah, Mirza 1611 1642 son of Mohammd Baqer (Safi) Mirza son of Abbas I
1642 - 66 24 Abbas 2 1632 - 1666
1666 - 94 28 Safi MirzaSuleiman I Shah, Hakemol Hokama 1645 - 1694
1694 - 1722 28 Sultan Hossein 1 Shah, Sultan, Sadrol Hakem 1668 1726 son of Suleiman I
1571 - 1641 70 Mulla Sadra, Iran. single most important and influential philosopher in Muslim world in last four hundred years who introduced Transcendent Theosophy or alhikmah almutaliyah .
Minarets, Jamé Mosque of Isfahan, Isfahan, Persia (Iran), are built.
1606 - 64 Vank Cathedral
1600 Masoomah Qom Shrine Mosque Iran
1611 Shah Mosque iran
Safavid Empire
1501 - 1736
239
1694 - 1722 28 Sultan Hossein 1 Shah, Sultan, Sadrol Hakem 1668 1726 son of Suleiman 1
1722 Afghans Invade & Conquer conquered Iran, overthrowing Safavid Shah Soltan Hosein.
1722 - 32 10 Tahmasp 2 1704 - 40 son of Sultan Hossein I
1726 - 8 2 Ahmad, Sultan 1687 - 1728 son of Mirza Abolqasem son of Shahrbanu Beigom daughter of Suleiman I
1732 - 6 4 Abbas 3 17 - 9 son of Tahmasp II Under control of Tahmasp Qoli Khan
Afsharid Empire
1736 - 1796
60
Mashhad
1736 - 47 11 Nadhar Qoli Khan Nader Shah, Sultan, Hakemol Hokama, Hazrate Ashraf 1698 - 1747 son of Imam Qoli AfsharBefore crowning his title was Tahmasp Qoli Khan
1729 Nadir Qoli Beg (later Nadir Shah) drives Afghans out of Persia.
1732 Nadir Qoli Beg takes Herat.
1739 Battle of Karnal Nader Shah defeated Mughals at theand sacked Delhi.
1760 Zand dynasty founded in Iran
1739 Nadir Shah takes Ghazna and Kabul and occupies Delhi.
1736 Nader Shah assumed title of Shah of Persia and founded Afsharid dynasty. Ruled until his death in 1747.
1739 Shah invades India and sacks Delhi
1740 - 47 invasion and subsequent domination of Transoxiana by Nadir Shah.
1747 - 8 1 Ali Qoli Adel Shah 1713 1748 ^<Nader
1748 Ebrahim Shah X24 <Adel
1748 - 60 12 Shahrokh ^^Nader ^Fatemeh Soltan Beigom ^Sultan Hossein 1 Safavi
Zand
1750 - 94 44
Shiraz
1760 - 79 19 Mohammad Karim Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1705 - 79
1779 Abolfath Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1755 - 87
1779 - 81 2 Mohammad Ali Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1760 - 79
1781 - 5 4 Ali Morad Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1720 - 85
1785 - 9 4 Jafar Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1698 - 1747
1789 - 94 5 Lotf Ali Khan, Vakil eRaaayaa 1769 - 1794
1794 Qajar dynasty founded in Iran after replacing Zand dynasty.
Qajar Dynasty
1794 - 1925
131
Tehran
1794 - 7 3 Agha Mohammad Khan, Shah, Khaqan 1742 1797 Son of Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar
1797 - 1834 37 Baba Khan Fath Ali Shah, Khaqan, Soltane Saheb Qaran 1772 - 1834 son of Hosein Qoli Khan Jahansuz brother of Mohammad
Qajar Dynasty
1794 - 1925
131
Tehran
1797 - 1834 37 Baba Khan Fath Ali Shah, Khaqan, Soltane Saheb Qaran 1772 - 1834 son of Hosein Qoli Khan Jahansuz brother of Mohammad
1834 - 48 14 Mohammad Shah, Khaqan 1808 - 48 son of Abbas Mirza Nayeb osSaltaneh son of Fath Ali
1848 Mahde Olia Mahde Olia 1814 - 88 wife of Mohammad Regent
1848 - 96 48 Naser edDin Shah, Khaqan, Soltane Saheb Qaran 1831
1857 Arabic Hidden Words by Baháulláh 16.3M 35;40
1857 Persian Hidden Words by AbdulBahá Abbás 27.1M 59;17
1882 Mysterious Forces by AbdulBahá Abbás 18441921 112M 4;05;48
1886 Travellers Narrative by Abbas Bahai 1844 - 1921 138M 5;01;21
1896 son of Mohammad and Mahde Olia
1856 - 7 1 Anglo / Persian War. Iran, Afganistan. British Empire British East India Company vs Persia Emirate of Herat
1871 - 2 1 Famine in Persia is believed to have caused death of 2 million.
1896 - 1907 11 Mozaffar edDinShah, Khaqan 1853 1907 son of Naser edDin
Qajar Dynasty
1794 - 1925 131
Tehran, Iran
1896 - 1907 11 Mozaffar edDinShah Khaqan 1853 - 1907 son of Naser edDin
1906 Revolution
1907 - 9 2 Mohammd Ali Shah 1872 - 1925 son of Mozaffar edDin Deposed
1909 - 25 16 Ahmad Shah 1898 - 1930 son of Mohammd Ali Deposed
1909 Bahai Revelation by Thorton Chase 162M 5;55;32
1911 Paris Talks by AbdulBahá Abbás 177M 6;26;52
1912 Brilliant Proof by Mírzá AbulFadl Gulpáygání 1844 - 1914 49.1M 1;47;19
Pahlavi
1925 - 1979
64
Imperial State of Iran Persia Tehran Was last Imperial dynasty of Iran.
1925 - 41 16 Reza Shahanshah 1878 1944 Son of Abbas Ali Deposed
1941 - 79 38 Mohammad Reza Shahanshah, Ariamehr, Bozorg Arteshtaran, Khodaygan 1919 - 80 son of Reza Deposed
1941 Iran Campaign. AngloSoviet invasion of Iran USSR 3Arm #40X 3, UK 2Div 3Bri #22X #50W 1T, India, Australia #62X #50W 3 1T VS Iran 9Div #800X 200CiX 60 6 (2G 4D)
1979 Revolution Shah of Iran overthrown
Herat
1469 - 1506 37 Husayn Bayqarah
1506 - 7 1 Badi alZaman, son of Husayn, , fled to court of Ismail I

conquered by Uzbeks, later recaptured by Safavids

1522 Babur captures Kandahar, Afghanistan
1540 Baburs son Humayun loses empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah and goes into exile in Persia
beginning of Safavid dynasty in Persia.
1504 Babur establishes himself in Kabul.
1510 Muhammad Shaybani Khan is killed in Battle of Merv against Shah Ismail, Safavid ruler, resulting in establishment of Shaybanid dynasty in Transoxiana, with capital in Samarkand, but political power increasingly centered in Bukhara.
1522 Babur captures Qandahar.
1526 Babur captures Delhi and founds Moghul Empire in India.

 
1709 Ghilzai defeat Persian empire Afghanistan no longer obedient to Persia
Durrani
1747 - 1823 76
Kandahar, Kabul
1747 Ahmed Shah Durrani founded Durrani Empire in modern day Afghanistan.
Ahmad Shah Abdali, Afghan King
1790s - 1960s Pule Khishti Mosque Afghanistan

 

Mohammadzai
1826 - 1978 152
Barakzai
1826 - 1973 147
1826 - 39 13 Dost Mohammad Khan
1839 - 42 3 1st AngloAfghan War Emirate of Afghanistan British Empire results in British capturing Kabul and Qandahar.
Lives of a Bengal Lancer 1935
1842 - 63 21 Dost Mohammad Khan
1863 - 6 3 Sher Ali Khan
1866 - 7 1 Mohammad Afzal Khan
1867 - 8 1 Muhammad Azam Khan
1868 - 79 11 Sher Ali Khan
1878 - 80 2 2nd Anglo Afghan War British Empire India Afghanistan
1879 Mohammad Yaqub Khan
1880 - 1901 21 Abdur Rahman Khan
1897 - 8 1 AngloPathan War Afghanistan. Pathans of Afghanistan vs India United Kingdom
1979 USSR invades Afghanistan
Beast 1988
1952 - 66 Surkh KotalBactria Excavated
1583 Attock Fort Pakistan
15405 Rohtas Fort
1556 - 1605 Lahore Fort
1647 Shah Jahan Mosque Pakistan
1673 Badshahi Mosque Pakistan
16711 Badshahi Mosque
1700s Qasim Fort
1733 Derawar Fort
1785 - 95 Kot Diji Fort
1823 Jamrud Fort
1834 Bala Hisar Fort
1872 Noor Mahal Castle
1852 - 7 Sialkot Cathedral
1881 Saint Patricks Cathedral, Karachi
1907 Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lahore Consecrated
1972 MasjideAqsa Mosque Pakistan
1986 Faisal Mosque Pakistan
       
1947 Partition of India and Pakistan
Kingdom of Cochin
825 - 1949 1124
Veerakerala Varma, nephew of Cheraman Perumal, is person traditionally believed to be first king of Cochin (approximately 7th century BCE). written records of dynasty, however, date from 1503. Kings of Cochin were also called as Gangadhara Kovil Adhikaarikal, meaning Head of all Temples
? 1503 Unniraman Koyikal 1
1503 37 34 Unniraman Koyikal 2
1537 65 28 Veera Kerala Varma
1565 1601 36 Keshava Rama Varma
Kachari Kingdom
835 - 1830 995
1511 36 25 Det Tsang alias Dersongpha

King Chakradwaj was a founder of Capital Dimapur. But he first established capital at Kachomari on bank of Daiyang river in Golaghat district, Assam. • Raja Makardwaj Narayan Thaosen’s period was glorious and golden period, during his period Veer Dehmalu Kemprai’s triumphant victory over Burma is remarkable in 1250 AD and many ponds, architectural features was made in Dimapur area.

? At Maibang
1540 - 50 10 Nirbhay Narayan
1550 - 76 26 Durlabh Narayan or Harmesvar
1576 - 83 7 Megha Narayana
1583 - 1613 30 Satrrudaman Pratap Narayan, Jasa Narayan

Ahom Kingdom
1228 - 1826
598
@ Charaideo
Assamese, Tai
1497
- 1539 42 Suhungmung
1539
- 52 13 Suklenmung
1552
- 1603 51 Sukhaamphaa
1552
- 1603 51 Sukhaamphaa
Malwa Sultanate
1392 - 1562
160
@ Dhar, Mandu
1500 - 10 10 NasirudDin Shah
1510 - 31 20 ShihabudDin Mahmud Shah 2
1511 Ibrahim Lodi (Delhi sultan)
1510 - 6 6 Muhammad Shah 2 (rebel)

Intermission 1516 - 31 15
1531 - 7 6 Bahadur Shah (the sultan of Gujarat)
1535 - 6 1 Humayun (Mughal emperor)

later rulers 1537 - 1661 124
1537 - 42 5 Qadir Shah
1542 - 55 13 Shujaat Khan (the governor of Sher Shah Suri)
1555 - 61 6 Baz Bahadur
Kingdom of Mysore
1399 - 1947
548
@ Mysore, Srirangapatna
1478
- 1513 35 Chamaraja Wodeyar 2
1513
- 53 40 Chamaraja Wodeyar 3
1565
- 1761 206 Independent Wodeyar Kings
1553
- 72 19 Timmaraja 2
1572
- 6 4 Chamaraja Wodeyar 4
1576
- 8 2 Bettada Wodeyar
1578
- 1617 39 Raja Wodeyar 1
Kingdom of Kotte
1412 - 1597
185
@ Kotte
Sinhala
Monarchy
1412 - 67 55 Parakramabahu 6
1467
- 73 6 Jayabahu 2
1473 - 81 8 Bhuvanekabahu 6
1481 - 4 3 Parakramabahu 7
1484 - 1518 34 Parakramabahu 8
Ahmednagar Sultanate
1490 - 1636
146
NW Daccan, India.
Golconda
1518 - 1687
169
India
Mughal Empire
1526 - 1764
238
@ Agra, Fatehpur Sikri & Delhi India, Pakistan 3,200,000 km2 #150MFounded by Babur. "Mughal" is a Persian word for Mongols.
1526 - 30 4 Babur Turkic descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, becomes ruler of Ferghana and founds Mughal (Mogul) dynasty
1526 Babur captures Delhi from Ibrahim, sultan of Delhi, and founds Mogul empire in India
1530 - 9 9 Humayun ^
1555 - 6 1 Humayun
1555 Reconquer India
1556 - 1605 49 Akbar Great. ^ expands Empire.
1562 Mughal leader Akbar reconciles Muslim and Hindu factions by marrying into powerful Rajput Hindu caste.
1505 Timurid prince Babur enters India, founds Mughal dynasty
1556 Mir Chakar Khan Rind captured Delhi with Emperor Humayun.
1565 Mir Chakar Khan Rind Iran died age of 97.
Bijapur Sultanate
1527 - 1686 159
Bijapur
1490 - 1510 20 Yusuf Adil Shah
1510 - 34 24 Ismail Adil Shah
1534 Mallu Adil Shah
1534 - 58 24 Ibrahim Adil Shah 1
1558 - 80 22 Ali Adil Shah 1
1580 - 1627 47 Ibrahim Adil Shah 2
1502 Portuguese settled India
1504 Babur conquers Kabul
Deccan
1527 - 1686
159
@Ahmadnagar, Ellichpur, Bidar, Bijapur & Golkonda, India Deccani Urdu
1565 Battle of Talikota fought between Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar and Deccan sultanates.
1518 Mir Chakar Khan Rind leaves Baluchistan and settled in Punjab.
1509 Battle of Diu India Portuguese Empire VS Gujarat Sultanate, Mamlûk Sult k anate, Kozhikode Zamorin Raja Ottoman Empire Republic of Venice Republic of Ragusa
Gujarat Sultanate
1391 - 1573
182
Muzaffarid
1391 - 1573
182
1458 - 1511 53 NasirudDin Mahmud Shah 1 (Mahmud Begada) Fateh Khan
1511 - 26 25 ShamsudDin Muzaffar Shah 2 Khalil Khan
1526 Sikandar Shah Sikandar Khan
1526 NasirudDin Mahmud Shah 2 Nasir Khan
1526 - 35 9 QutbudDin Bahadur Shah Bahadur Khan 1stX
Interregnum Mughal Empire
1535 - 6
1
1536 - 7 1 QutbudDin Bahadur Shah Bahadur Khan 2ndX
1537 Miran Muhammad Shah 3 Miran Muhammad Faruqi of Khandesh
1537 - 54 17 NasirudDin Mahmud Shah 3 Mahmud Khan
1554 - 61 7 GhiyasudDin Ahmad Shah 3 Ahmad Khan
1561 - 73 12 ShamsudDin Muzaffar Shah 3 Hubboo (Nannu, Nathu) (pretender)
1486 Sher Shah Suri, is born in Sasaram, Bihar, India. Suri Empire
1500 Karnataka Huthridurga Castle
1500s Ajinkyatara Madhya Pradesh Ajinkyatara Castle
1501 Devanahalli Castle
1503 Kerala Ayakotta Castle
1505 Kannur Fort
1505 Madhya Pradesh Gohad Castle
1516 Maharashtra Mahim Castle
1524 - 5 Uttar Pradesh Aligarh Castle
1551 - 1630s Rajasthan Kota Jagmandir Palace
1571 - 1612 Rajasthan Junagarh Castle
1583 Uttar Pradesh Allahabad Castle
1592 Rajasthan Amber Fort
1591 Charminar Mosque india

 

Ahom Kingdom
1228 - 1826
598
@ Charaideo
Assamese, Tai
1552
- 1603 51 Sukhaamphaa
1603
- 41 38 Susenghphaa
1641
- 4 3 Suramphaa
1644
- 8 4 Sutingphaa
1648
- 63 15 Sutamla
1663
- 70 7 Supangmung
1670
- 2 2 Sunyatphaa
1672
- 4 2 Suklamphaa
1674
- 5 1 Suhunga
1675 Gobar
1675
- 7 2 Sujinphaa
1677
- 9 2 Sudoiphaa
1679
- 81 2 Sulikphaa
1681
- 96 15 Supaatphaa
1696
- 1714 18 Sukhrungphaa
Kingdom of Mysore
1399 - 1947
548
@ Mysore, Srirangapatna
1578
- 1617 39 Raja Wodeyar 1
1617
- 37 20 Chamaraja Wodeyar 5
1637
- 8 1 Raja Wodeyar 2
1638
- 59 21 Narasaraja Wodeyar 1
1659
- 73 14 Dodda Devaraja Wodeyar
1673
- 1704 31 Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar
Ahmednagar Sultanate
1490 - 1636
146
NW Daccan, India.
Bijapur Sultanate
1527 - 1686 159
@ Bijapur, India
1580 - 1627 47 Ibrahim Adil Shah 2
1627 - 57 30 Mohammed Adil Shah his mausoleum is Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur
1657 - 72 15 Ali Adil Shah 2
1672 - 86 14 Sikandar Adil Shah
Maratha Empire
1674 - 1820
146
148 yrs Raigad, then later Pune Founded by Shivaji Maharaj, also known as Maratha Confederacy.
1674 80 6 Shivaji
1681 - 9 8 Sambhaji
1689 - 1700 11 Rajaram
1630 - 80 50 Shivaji Bhonsle, Hindu king, 1st Maratha ruler, established Hindavi Swaraj
1674 Maratha Empire founded in India by Shivaji.
Kingdom of Cochin
825 - 1949 1124
Mahodayapuram, Vanneri, Cochin, Thripunithura, Thrissu, India
1601 - 15 14 Veera Kerala Varma
1615 - 24 9 Ravi Varma
1624 - 37 13 Veera Kerala Varma
1637 - 45 8 Godavarma
1645 - 6 1 Veerarayira Varma
1646 - 50 4 Veera Kerala Varma
1650 - 6 6 Rama Varma
1656 - 8 2 Rani Gangadharalakshmi
1658 - 62 4 Rama Varma
1662 - 3 1 Goda Varma
1663 - 87 24 Veera Kerala Varma
1687 - 93 6 Rama Varma
1693 - 7 4 Ravi Varma
1697 - 1701 4 Rama Varma
Kachari Kingdom
835 - 1830 995
1613 Nar Narayan
1637 Bhimdarpa Narayan Bhimbal Konwar
1637 Indraballabh Narayan
1681 Birdarpa Narayan
- Garurdhwaj Narayan
- Makardhwaj
- Udayaditya
Mughal Empire
1526 - 1764
238
@ Agra, Fatehpur Sikri & Delhi India, Pakistan
1556 - 1605 49 Akbar
1605 - 27 22 Jahangir
1628 - 58 30 Shah Jahan. Deposed
1632 - 53 21 Taj Mahal built in agra
1658 - 1707 49 Aurangzeb
1681 - 1707 27 War of 27 years. India. Marathas vs Mughals
1621 - 75 54 Guru Teg Bahadur 9th Sikh Guru
1608 - 81 73 Samarth Ramdas Hindu Saint
1600 - 50 50 Sant Tukaram Hindu Saint
1600s Golconda Castle
1600s Tamil Nadu Castle Udayagiri
1610s Uttar Pradesh Jhansi Castle
1630 shivali born Maharashtra Shivneri Castle
1630s Gajendragad Castle
1635 - 52 Andhra Pradesh Penuconda Castle
1638 - 48 10 Uttar Pradesh Castle Delhi
1638 - 78 40 Rajasthan Mehrangarh Castle
1644 Tamil Nadu St George Castle
1648 Maharashtra Lingana Castle
1650 Kerala Bekal Castle
1656 Maharashtra Pratapgad Castle
1662 Maharashtra Kolaba Castle
1664 Maharashtra Sindhudurg Castle
1665 Punjab Keshgarh Sahib Castle
1675 Maharashtra Raigad Castle
1680 Maharashtra Sewri Fort
1619 - 40 Se Cathedral
1694 Mecca Masjid Mosque india
Ahom Kingdom
1228 - 1826
598
@ Charaideo
Assamese, Tai
1696 - 1714 18 Sukhrungphaa
1714 - 44 30 Sutanphaa
1744 - 51 7 Sunenphaa
1751 - 69 18 Suremphaa
1769 - 80 11 Sunyeophaa
1780 - 95 15 Suhitpangphaa
1795 - 1811 16 Suklingphaa
Kingdom of Mysore
1399 - 1947
548
@ Mysore, Srirangapatna
1673 - 1704 31 Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar
1704 - 14 10 Narasaraja Wodeyar 2
1714 - 32 18 Krishnaraja Wodeyar 1
1732 - 4 2 Chamaraja Wodeyar 6
1761 - 99 38 Under Haider Ali & Tipu Sultan
1734 - 66 32 Krishnaraja Wodeyar 2
1766 - 72 6 Nanjaraja Wodeyar
1772 - 6 4 Chamaraja Wodeyar 7
1776 - 96 20 Chamaraja Wodeyar 8
1799 Tippoo Saib, last Sultan of India killed. English, after long wars, controled India.
Mughal Empire
1526 - 1764
238
@ Agra, Fatehpur Sikri & Delhi India, Pakistan
1658 - 1707 49 Aurangzeb
1707 Enters a long decline and Maratha Empire slowly replaces it.
Maratha Empire
1674 - 1820
146
148 yrs Raigad, then later Pune Founded by Shivaji Maharaj, also known as Maratha Confederacy.
1700 - 7 7 Tarabai
1707 - 49 42 Shahu
1749 - 77 28 Rajaram 2
1761 Battle of Panipat Maratha Empire defeated at
1775 - 82 7 1st Anglo Maratha War East India Company vs Maratha Confederacy
Sikh Empire
1733 - 1849
116
Punjab region Amritsar Preceded British Empire
1716 Establishment of Sikh Confederacy along India Pakistan border.
1737 Earthquake 300KX
1757 - 63 6 3rd Carnatic War Part of Seven Years War British East India Company Nawab of Bengal French East India Company Dutch East India Company
1766 - 9 3 1st AngloMysore War British East India Company Kingdom of Mysore
Kingdom of Cochin
825 - 1949 1124
1701 - 21 20 Rama Varma
1721 - 31 10 Ravi Varma
1731 - 46 15 Rama Varma
1746 - 9 3 Veera Kerala Varma
1749 - 60 11 Rama Varma
1760 - 75 15 Veera Kerala Varma
1775 - 90 15 Rama Varma 8
1790 - 1805 15 Rama Varma 9 (Shaktan Thampuran)
1764 Victory of British at Buscar secures British revenue collecting rights in Bengal
1769 Famine kills 10 million in Bengal
1799 Tippoo Saib, last Sultan of India, was killed May 4. English, after long wars, controled India.
1721 French & English East India companies become serious rivals in India
1749 - 54 5 Second Carnatic War. India. Great Britain, British East India Company, Sepoys, Maratha allies vs France, French East India Company, Nawab of Arcot.
1780 - 4 4 2nd AngloMysore War India. Great Britain Vs Kingdom of Mysore, France & Dutch Republic
1789 - 92 3 3rd AngloMysore War. India. British East India Company, Mahratta Empire, Hyderabad & Travancore Vs Mysore
1798 - 9 1 4th AngloMysore War India. British East India Company vs Hyderabad Kingdom of Mysore
Kachari Kingdom
835 - 1830 995
1699 - 1708 9 Tamradhwaj Narayan
Queen Chandraprabha
1730 Suradarpa Narayan
Dharmadhwaj Narayan (Harischandra Narayan)
1735 - 45 10 Kirichandra Narayan
1745 - 57 12 Gopichandra Narayan
1757 At Khaspur
1757 - 72 15 Harischandra 2
1772 - 1813 41 Krishnachandra Narayan

1670 - 1748 78 Sadarang, Hindustani composer
1769 - 1821 52 Sadhak Kamalakanta, Indian poet
1745 - 72 27 Madhavrao I, Peshwa/Prime Minister of Maratha Empire
1721 - 61 40 Nanasaheb, Peshwa/Prime Minister of Maratha Empire
1680 - 1707 27 War of 27 years between Marathas and Mughals ends in India.
1713 - 4 1 Tarabai establishes rival Maratha Empire government in Kolhapur against Chattrapati Shahu.
1763 Kingdom of Mysore conquers Kingdom of Keladi
1748 Treaty of AixLaChapelle ends War of Austrian Succession and First Carnatic War.
1754 Treaty of Pondicherry ends Second Carnatic War and recognizes Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah as Nawab of Carnatic.
1763 Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years War and Third Carnatic War
1707 Death of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb leads to end of Moghul rule in India
1724 Asaf Jah retires from Moghul empire to become Independent ruler of Hyderabad
1700s Savadatti Fort Karnataka Bidar
1708 Kerala Thalassery Castle
1713 - 1818 105 Maharashtra Visapur Castle
1717 Goa Chapora Castle
1726 Rajasthan Jaigarh Fort
1730 Maharashtra Ghodbunder Castle
1733 captured Belapur Castle
1734 Rajasthan Nahargarh Castle
1742 - 1800 Maharashtra Lohagad Castle
1757 - 60 Maharashtra Malhargad Castle
1761 Karnataka Bangalore Fort
1766 Kerala Palakkad Castle
1770s Tamil Nadu Vattakottai Castle
1790s Karnataka Bellary Castle
1794 Jamalabad Rock Gadaikallu
1718 St. Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai Completed
1700 Kulpahar
Kingdom of Cochin
825 - 1949 1124
1805 - 9 4 Rama Varma 10 Vellarapalliyil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Vellarapali")
1809 - 28 19 Kerala Varma 3 (Veera Kerala Varma) Karkidaka Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "karkidaka" month (ME))
1828 - 37 9 Rama Varma 11 ThulamMaasathil Theepett1a Thampuran (King who died in "Thulam" month (ME))
1837 - 44 7 Rama Varma 12 EdavaMaasathil Theepett1a Thampuran (King who died in "Edavam" month (ME))
1844 - 51 7 Rama Varma 13 Thrishuril Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Thrishivaperoor" or Thrishur)
1851 - 3 2 Kerala Varma 14 Veera Kerala Varma) Kashiyil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Kashi" or Varanasi)
1853 - 64 11 Ravi Varma 4 Makara Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Makaram" month (ME))
1864 - 88 24 Rama Varma 14 Mithuna Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Mithunam" month (ME))
1888 - 95 7 Kerala Varma 5 Chingam Maasathil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Chingam" month (ME))
Kachari Kingdom
835 - 1830 995
1813 - 30 17 Gobindchandra Narayan
Ahom Kingdom
1228 - 1826
598
@ Charaideo
Assamese, Tai
1795
- 1811 16 Suklingphaa
1811
- 8 7 Sudingphaa
1818
- 9 1 Purandar Singha
1819
- 21 2 Sudingphaa
1821
- 2 1 Jogeshwar Singha
1833
- 8 5 Purandar Singha
Kingdom of Mysore
1399 - 1947
548
@ Mysore, Srirangapatna
Under British Rule
1799 - 1947
248
1799 - 1868 69 Krishnaraja Wodeyar 3
1881 - 94 13 Chamaraja Wodeyar 9
1894 - 1940 46 Krishnaraja Wodeyar 4
Maratha Empire
1674 - 1820
146
1876 Victoria Empress of India
1876 Famine in India
1822 Discovery of a Tea bush growing wild in India ends Chinese monopoly of Tea
Sikh Empire
1799 - 1849
50
Gujranwala (1799 - 1802)
Lahore & Amritsar (1802 - 49)
Administrative official: Persian
Vernacular: Punjabi & Hindustani
Federal Monarchy
1801 - 39 38 Ranjit Singh Ji
1839 Kharak Singh
1839 - 40 1 Nau Nihal Singh
1841 - 3 2 Sher Singh
British India
1858 - 1947 89
1858 - 1912 54 Calcutta
1912 - 47 35 New Delhi
1876 Queen Victora proclaimed Empress of India
A Passage to India 1984
Cotton Mary 1999
Jewel in Crown 1984
Far Pavilions 1984
Heat and Dust / Autobiography of a Princess 1983
Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India 2001
Clive of India 1935
Thuggee cult
Gunga Din 1939
French Indochina
Lover 1992
1857 - 8 1 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Indias First War of Independence British Empire British East India Company Nepal Jammu and Kashmir 20 Princely states Sepoys of East India Company Mughal Empire Awadh Jhansi 7 Princely states
1857 Sepoy rebellion
Bengal Brigade 1954
1864 - 5 1 Bhutan War British Empire India VS Bhutan
1875 - 1900 25 26 million Indians perished in India due to famine.
1896 - 9 3 Famine in India
1828 Hindu Brahmo Samaj Sect established in India
1802 - 5 3 2nd AngloMaratha War British East India Company Maratha Confederacy
1803 - 5 2 1st Kandyan War British Empire Kingdom of Kandy
1802 - 53 51 2nd AngloMaratha War British East India Company Maratha Confederacy
1810 - 20 10 Punjab War British East India Company
1817 - 8 1 3rd AngloMaratha War British East India Company Maratha Confederacy
1845 - 6 1 1st AngloSikh War
1848 - 9 1 2nd AngloSikh War British Empire British East India Company Sikh Empire
1813 English East India company loses monopoly
1806 - 11 5 Vellore Mutiny British East India Company Vellore Sepoys
1844 Bahaiism by Bahaullah Abul Baha
1801 Ranjit Singh crowned as King of Punjab.
1863 Baháulláh declares His station as "He whom God shall make manifest". This date is celebrated in Baháí Faith as Festival of Ridván.
1889 Ahmadi Muslim Community by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
1835 - 1908 73 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad founded Ahmadiyya Islamic movement in India.
1836 - 86 50 Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Hindu mystic
1810 - 51 41 Ayya Vaikundar, Indian initiator of belief system of Ayyavazhi
1853 1st Railways, Telegraph
1884 History of Indian Mammalia by Robert Armitage Sterndale 294M 21;25;14
1815 - 84 St. Georges Cathedral Chennai
1820 - 72 52 St Josephs Cathedral Hyderabad
1820s Holy Trinity Cathedral Palayamkottai
1839 - 47 8 St. Pauls Cathedral Kolkata
Kingdom of Cochin
825 - 1949 1124
1895 - 1914 19 Rama Varma 15 (Sir Sri Rama Varma) aka Rajarshi, Abdicated Highness (died in 1932)
1914 - 32 18 Rama Varma 16 Madrasil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in Madras or Chennai)
1932 - 41 9 Rama Varma 17 Dhaarmika Chakravarthi (King of Dharma), Chowarayil Theepetta Thampuran (King who died in "Chowara")
1941 - 3 2 Kerala Varma 6 Midukkan Thampuran
1943 - 6 3 Ravi Varma 5 (Ravi Varma Kunjappan Thampuran) Kunjappan Thampuran (Brother of Midukkan Thampuran)
1946 - 8 2 Aikya Keralam Thampuran (Kerala Varma Thampuran) aka Aikya Keralam Thampuran (The King who unified Kerala)
1948 - 64 16 Rama Varma Parikshith Thampuran Pareekshit Thampuran, title: Darsanakalanidhi, was a Sanskrit scholar of supreme rank
1902 Hindu Book of Astrology by Bhakti Seva 66M 2;24;13
British India
1858 - 1947 89

1915 Battle of Qurna Iraq UK, British India 2.1 #281 VS Ottomans 1 1
1915 Battle of Ctesiphon Iraq Ottoman 18 6.29.5 52G VS British, British India 11 4.6 2W
1916 Battle of Mecca Saudi Arabia UK, British Raj, Arab Army 5+ VS Ottomans 1
1917 3rd Class by Mohatma Gandi 1869194833M 1;11;29
1917 Battle of Jerusalem Israel UK, Australia, India, New Zealand 18 VS Ottomans, Germans 25
1918 Battle of Megiddo Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria British Empire, UK, British India, Australia, New Zealand, Union of South Africa, France, Hejaz 57 12 540G VS Ottomans, Germany 32 3C 402G 29XWC
1940 - 1 1 East African Campaign. Sudan, British Somaliland, Colonial Kenya, Italian Eritrea, Italian Somaliland, French Somaliland, Abyssinia UK, British Somaliland, Kenya Colony, British India, Gold Coast, Colonial Nigeria, N. Rhodesia, S. Rhodesia, Nyasaland, South Africa, Free Ethiopians, Belgium, Belgian Congo, Free French 20 then 250+ 4+ VS Italy 74, Italian E. Africa 182 Eritrean & Somalians 156 6+ 230C
1940 Italian conquest of British Somaliland. Ethiopia Italy, Italian East Africa 24 465X 1.5W VS UK, India, British East Somaliland, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa 4 38X 102W 120M 3+SomaliSoX * Fall of British Somoliland
1940 - 1 1 Operation Compass. Egypt, Libya UK, India, Australia, Free France 36 500X 55M 1.4W 275T 120A 142 15 VS Italy 150 3X 115C 600T 400 1.6A 1.3 331 1.2
1941 Iraq Campaign. Anglo–Iraqi War Iraq UK, Abd alIlah loyalists, Assyrian Levies, India, British Palestine, Transjordan, Australia, New Zealand 1Div 2BriGr 60X 100+ 28 VS Iraq 116 5060Ser Most, Arab irregulars, Syrian Committee, Germany 219 19, Italy 12 3 4Div 1.8 500X 14957 +
1941 Siege of Tobruk. Libya Australia, Czechoslovakia, Poland, UK, India 27 3.8 VS Germany, Italy 35 74150
1941 Battle of Keren. Eritrea UK, India 2Div, Free French 2Bat 13 536X 3.2W VS Italy 23 12.1X 21.7W
1941 Operation Battleaxe. Libya Germany, Italy 13.2 169T 12 130Fi 84B 114T 10 698 VS UK, India 25 190T 9198 98Fi 105B 203T 36 969
1941 SyriaLebanon Campaign. Syria, Lebanon Australia, UK, India, Palestine, Transjordan, Free French, Free Czechs 34 4 50+ 27 1L 1+C 6D VS Germany, German France, Syria, Lebanon 45 6.48.9 90T 289 179 2D 3Su
1941 Iran Campaign. AngloSoviet invasion of Iran USSR 3Arm #40X 3, UK 2Div 3Bri #22X #50W 1T, India, Australia #62X #50W 3 1T VS Iran 9Div #800X 200CiX 60 6 (2G 4D)
1941 Operation Crusader. Egypt, Libya UK, South Africa, New Zealand, India, Poland, Czechloslovakia 118 17.7 738T 800 724 616Ser 300 VS Germany, Italy 119 38.3 390414T 340 536 342Ser 332
1941 Battle of Gazala. Libya Germany 3.4, Italy 90 560T 400 VS UK, India, South Africa, Free French 110 50XWC 843T 1.2
1941 Operation Crusader. Egypt, Libya UK, South Africa, New Zealand, India, Poland, Czechloslovakia 118 17.7 738T 800 724 616Ser 300 VS Germany, Italy 119 38.3 390414T 340 536 342Ser 332
1942 - 3 1 Tunisia Campaign. Tunisia UK, India, USA, France, New Zealand, Poland, Greece 76 849 VS Germany, Italy 300 1 600+C
1942 1st Battle of El Alamein. Egypt UK, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa 150 13.3 179T 1+A 1.5+ VS Germany 10, Italy 90 70T 500
1942 Battle of Alam el Halfa. Egypt UK, New Zealand 4Div Cor 1.8XWC 68T 67 VS Germany 6TDiv, Italy 2.9XWC 49T 60G 400Tran 36
1942 2nd Battle of El Alamein. Egypt UK India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Free French, Greece 195 13.6 1T 332500 435AC 892908A 1.5ATG 111 73050 530Ser 97VS Germany, Italy 116 30.6 547T 500 192AC 552A 4961ATG 254 770900 480Ser 84
1944 Battle of Gemmano. Italy British Empire UK, India 3Div 1ArBri 1TBri VS Germany 4Div
1944 Battle of San Marino. San Marino British Empire India 1Div VS Germany 1Div
1944 Battle of Garfagnana. Italy Germany, Italy 9.1 100A 1XM VS USA, UK, India 18 120T 140A 1XM #300+C
Territory in northern Tuscany falls back into Axis hands.
1941 Battle of Hong Kong. China Japan 52 2X 6W VS UK, Hong Kong, Bitish India 14 2.1XM 2.3W 10C 4CiX 3CiW
1945 Spring Offensive in Italy. UK 633, USA 267, Poland, India, Brazil, New Zealand, South Africa, Italy, + 900 16.3 VS Germany, Italy 394 302
Decisive Allied victory German surrender in Italy Execution of Benito Mussolini Italian Social Republic disestablished
Kingdom of Mysore
1399 - 1947 5
48
@ Mysore, Srirangapatna
Under British Rule
1799 - 1947
248
1894 - 1940 46 Krishnaraja Wodeyar 4
1940
- 50 10 Jayachamaraja Wodeyar
Republic of India
1947 - Present
64
New Dheli
1920 Mahatma Gandhi becomes leader of Congress
1930 Nehrus declaration of Indian Independence
1930 Gandhis 2nd disobedience campaign
Gandhi 1982
1930 - 2 2 1st Round Table conference between Britain and Indian parties
1935 Government of India Act allowing limited local government
1947 Independence
Lord Mountbatten Last Viceroy 1986
1948 Ghandi Assasinated
1956 Jama Masjid Mosque india
1965 Indo Pakistan war
1962 Chinese & Indian Border Clashes between forces in Kashmir.
1960 Transcendental meditation Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. IndianDutch.
1920 - 30 Medak Cathedral
1929 Sacred Heart Cathedral, New Delhi Started
1942 St. Marys Orthodox Cathedral Hauz Khas parish constituted
1960s Holy Name Cathedral Mumbai
1980 Ziarat Shareef Mosque india
   
Nepal
1768 - 2008
240
1768 Gurkhas conquered Nepal.
Shah
1768 - 2008 240
1768 - 75 7 Prithvi Narayan Shah 1723
1775 - 7 2 Pratap Skingh Shah1751
1777 - 99 22 Rana Bahadur Shah deposed XX30
Nepal
1768 - 2008
240
Shah
1768 - 2008 240
1799 - 1816 17 Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah 1797
1814 - 6 2 Gurkha War British East India Company Forces of Chogyal Nepal
1816 - 47 31 Rajendra Bikram Shah abdicated X68
1847 - 81 34 Surendra Bikram Shah X52
1881 - 1911 30 Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah
Nepal
1768 - 2008
240
Shah
1768 - 2008 240
1911 - 50 39 Tribhuvan Bir Bikram X49
1950 - 1 1 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev 1947 Alive
1951 - 5 4 Tribhuvan Bir Bikram X49
1955 - 72 17 Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev X52
1972 - 2001 29 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev X56
2001 Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev 1971
2001 - 8 7 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev deposed Alive
Bijapur Sultanate
1527 - 1686 159
Adil Shahi
Bijapur Islamic_Flag
Deccani Urdu

Shia Islam
1490 - 1510 20 Yusuf Adil Shah
1510 - 34 24 Ismail Adil Shah
1534 Mallu Adil Shah
1534 - 58 24 Ibrahim Adil Shah 1
1556 2nd Battle of Panipat Akbar Great defeats Sultan of Bengal
1558 - 80 22 Ali Adil Shah 1
1580 - 1627 47 Ibrahim Adil Shah 2
Bijapur Sultanate
1527 - 1686 159
Adil Shahi
Bijapur
Deccani Urdu

Shia Islam
1580 - 1627 47 Ibrahim Adil Shah 2
1627 - 57 30 Mohammed Adil Shah; his mausoleum is Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur
1657 - 72 15 Ali Adil Shah 2
1672 - 86 14 Sikandar Adil Shah
1663 Choto katra Dhaka by Ragib Hotel
Mughal Empire State of
Bengal Subah

1574 - 1757
183
1574 - 1610 36 Rajmahal
1610 - 1757 147 Dhaka
British Indian State of Bengal
1757 - 1947
190
Dhaka
1757 Battle of Plassey
1712 - 60 48 Bharatchandra Ray Bengali composer, musician, and poet
1769 - 73 4 Famine of 1770 1/3X
1723 - 75 52 Ramprasad Sen Poet, Singer
1780s Kali Mirza Bengali Composer
British Indian State of Bengal
1757 - 1947
190
Dhaka
1741 - 1839 98 Nidhu Babu Indian/Bengali Musician, Composer
British Indian State of Bengal
1757 - 1947
190
Dhaka
Pakistani State of East Pakistan
1947 - 71
24
Dhaka
1971 Bangladesh Liberation War
1960s Baitul Mukarram Mosque Bangladesh
Rebublic of Bangladesh
1971 - Present
40
Dhaka
1972 Bangladesh Leaves Pakistan
Kingdom of Jaffna
1215 - 1619
404
Aryacakravarti 2
1467 - 1619
152
1519 - 61 42 Cankili 165 ^Pararacacekaran 6
1561 - 5 4 Puviraja Pandaram 1591 ^Cekaracacekaran 7
1565 - 82 17 Periyapillai
1582 - 91 9 Puviraja Pandaram (restored)
Kingdom of Kotte
1412 - 1597
185
@ Polannaruwa
1509 - 28 19 from Kelaniya
1508 - 28 20 Dharma Parãkramabãhu 9 from Kotte 1509 1597
1509 - 21 12 Vijayabahu 7
1521 - 51 30 Bhuvanekabãhu 7
1551 - 97 46 Dharmapala
Kingdom of Kandy
1469 - 1815 346
@ Kandy
Sinhala
Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam
Monarchy
1473 - 1511 38 Sena Sammatha Wickramabahu
1511 - 51 40 Jayaweera Astana
1551 - 81 30 Karaliyadde Bandara
1581 Dona Catherina
1581 - 93 12 Rajasinha 1
1 year Yamasinghe Bandara
Dinajara 1590 - 1739 149
1590 - 1604 14 Vimaladharmasuriya 1
Kingdom of Kandy
1581 - 1815
234
@ Kandy
Sinhala
Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam
Monarchy
Dinajara 1590 - 1739 149
Kingdom of Jaffna
1215 - 1619
404
Aryacakravarti restored
1467 - 1619
152
1591 - 1617 26 Ethirimana Cinkam ^Pararacacekaran 7
1617 - 9 2 Cankili 2 ^Cekaracacekaran 8
Dutch Ceylon
1656 - 1796
140
@ Colombo
Sinhala, Tamil, Ceylon Dutch, Dutch
Colony
Kingdom of Kandy
1469 - 1815 346
@ Kandy
Sinhala
Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam
Monarchy
Dinajara 1590 - 1739 149
Nayakar 1739 - 1815 76
Dutch Ceylon
1656 - 1796
140
@ Colombo
Sinhala, Tamil, Ceylon Dutch, Dutch
1796 Dutch Ejected by British
1782 - 1902 St. Lucias Cathedral
Kingdom of Kandy
1469 - 1815 346
@ Kandy
Sinhala
Theravada Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam
Monarchy
Dinajara 1590 - 1739 149
Nayakar 1739 - 1815 76
1739 - 47 8 Vijaya Rajasinha
1747 - 82 35 Kirti Sri RajasinhaX48
1782 - 98 16 Rajadhi Rajasinha
1798 - 1815 17 Vikrama Rajasinha X52
1815 2nd Kandyan War British Empire Kingdom of Kandy
British Ceylon
1815 - 1948
133
@
1815 British East India Company take Ceylon from Dutch
1874 - 99 25 St. Marys Cathedral, Galle
British Ceylon
1815 - 1948
133
1948 Ceylon becomes independent
Dominion of Ceylon
1948 - 72
24
@
Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka

1972 - Present
39
@ Sri JayawardenapuraKotte
Sinhala, Tamil
1909 Jami UlAlfar Mosque Sri Lanka
       
Republic of Maldives
1965 - Present
46
Malé
Dhivehi
Central:
Carribean:

Lesser Antilles

Greater Antilles

Lucayan Archipelago